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North Karelia Bioenergy Programme 2015

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					North Karelia Bioenergy Programme 2015

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North Karelia region
• North Karelia is one of the 19 regions in Finland • The region of North Karelia comprises 16 municipalities • North Karelia is the easternmost region of Finland and the European Union, sharing a common border of approximately 300 kilometres with Russia • Population about 170.000 • The biggest city is Joensuu with its 58.000 inhabitants

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Preparation of the North Karelia Bioenergy Programme 2015
• Main author: Timo Tahvanainen from Joensuu Science Park Ltd (Forest Industry Future and Energy Technology Cluster Programmes) • Preparation: 2006 (autumn) – 2007 (spring) • Request for comments: Feb. – Mar. 2007  40 comments (request delivered for 90 NK organisations) • March - April 2007: Revision work and validation of the Regional Council

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WHY? Regional (Bio)energy Programme
1) Environmental and energy issues
- Global warming, energy security…

2) EU’s goals
Biomass Action Plan (7.12.2005): 69 milj. tn  150 milj. tn in 2010 EU meeting 8-9.3.2007  Goals for the Year 2020 Renewable energy share: 20 % ! Biofuels in transportation: 10 % (5.75 % in 2010)

3) National and regional programmes
Several prepared / under preparation EU Biomass Action Plan recommendation

A tool for setting concrete regional goals and the corresponding actions
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Bioenergy Programme Background: 3rd BIOENERGY PROGRAMME IN NORTH KARELIA • First version 1998, • Updated 2001

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Importance of Bioenergy Development in NK
• Bioenergy has been recognised as one of the key regional development sector • Bioenergy has been mentioned as one of the most promising future cluster in NORTH KARELIA DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 2010 (= POKAT 2010) • North Karelia BP 2015 is a TOOL to carry out a POKAT 2010 programme in bioenergy sector

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PROGRAMME CONTENTS
Three main actions: • Sustainable energy production • Strengthening of expertise • Transfer of technology and knowledge

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Energy balance:

Primary energy consumption in 2004
Total 10.4 TWh
Renewables: 6 630 GWh (63%)
Non-renewables: 3 190 GWh (30%)
14 % 4%

28 % 12 %

Peat: 650 GWh (6%)

Oil

Electricity import

Other

42 %

Forest chips Black liquor Hydro

Wood waste Firewood

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North Karelia Bioenergy Cluster in 2004:
815 jobs and 83 mill. euros

250 000

1 200 1 000 800

200 000

Turnover, 1 000 euroa

150 000

2004 2010
Jobs
600 400

2004 2010 2015

100 000

2015

50 000

200 0

0 Technology Energy and fuels R&D

Technology

Energy and fuels

R&D

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The Key Expertise in North Karelia
• Energy technology: Production and refining of biofuels
– Forest technology, forest machines, wood procurement and logistics
• John Deere Forestry, Kesla, Mantsinen, Pentin Paja, Antti Ranta, VAPO…

– Heat retaining fireplaces
• Tulikivi, Nunnauuni, Vuoleri

• Housing Cluster: Energy systems in housing

• Forest Industry Future: Tailored fibre supply
– Forest technology… – Forest inventory, forest management systems, biomass production • Composites: together with Nanotechnology and Housing Clusters
• Strong plastic industry

• Packaging/ printable optics and electronics: Nanotechnology cluster
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General Goals
1. Improved energy efficiency
- Consumption per capita 4 % lower in 2015

2. 3. 4.

Higher share of renewables
- Share up to 85 % in heat and power production and to 77% of total energy

More sources
- forest, agrofuels, waste…

Oil consumption:

More export, more refined fuels
- More green electricity, pellets, commercial firewood, biodiesel and CO2 credits…
2004

- 70% reduction in heat and power and over 40% reduction in total energy - traffic biggest challenge

Vuosi

5.

Less oil

2010

2015

0

500

1000

1500 GWh

2000

2500

3000

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Housing

Transportation

Heat and power

Spesific Goals:
A SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION:

1) Forest Industry by-products
Enocell black liquor (2800 GWh): One fourth of total energy, and over half of wood energy
Bark and sawdust (1850 GWh): 2010: More to pellet production?

2015: Biodiesel?
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2) Forest chips
 Thinnings  Logging residues  Stumps
 In 2010: 750 GWh (375 000 m³)? • In 2015: 950 GWh – 1 300 GWh?

3) Firewood and pellets
• In 2015: 860 GWh (now 770 GWh)  Increased biomass production a new goal for silviculture  Energy wood market development  Chips substituting oil in farms  Firewood trade development
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4) Agro biomasses
 Goal for production in 2015: 9 000 ha

5) Biogas  Until 2015:
• Two large plant investments • 6–12 farms
• Biogas for transportation starts • Production of electricity also in farm scale

6) Energy peat
    Local fuel, classified as slowly renewable Heat, power, liquid biofuels(?) In 2015 peat for heat and power 430-700 GWh/y 250 MW biodiesel capacity = about 2000 GWh/y
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7) Households
GOALS:
 energy efficiency!
 less oil and electricity for heating  lower CO2 emmisssions in transportation

ACTIONS:
 From oil to pellets in house heating • micro grids and hybrid heating systems • subsidies for investments  Education / consultation system (also for farms and SME’s)  More energy efficient buildings and energy systems

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8) 2. Generation biodiesel: FT synthesis
 Goal in Biodiesel Scenario: 250 MW:n gasification capacity for liquid biofuel production in 2015
 Technology still in development phase: A pilot plant in Varkaus  Pilot plant produces:
• Raw material for dieselin raaka-aineeksi • Heat and electricity • One plant 200 000 tn / y OR 2-3 smaller plants?

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B

STRENGTHENING EXPERTISE

 Global leader in production and procurement of energy wood: doubling the R&D resources until 2015  Global (nitche) status in biodiesel research: a public/private research unit  Wood energy expertise into global consulting and education services  Applied research on peat production and its’ environmental impacts

C

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY AND KNOW-HOW

 Export of forest energy technology 8-fold until 2015  (140 milj €/y)  Fireplaces: 70 % growth until 2015 (100 milj. € /y)  Bioenergy business models  Increasing the volume and geographical scope of technology transfer projects

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Key areas 2007–2010
Technology transfer process Energy consultancy system for households and SMEs Infrastructure for large-scale biofuel production Development of technology and methods for energy wood procurement and logistics 5. High-value biofuel production 6. Production and commercialisation of bioenergy technology and business models 7. Promotion of investments in bioenergy production 1. 2. 3. 4.

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Future of the Regional Feasibility Programmes in Finland?
• Essential, useful tool in meeting the Kyoto targets in regional and national level • EU white book recommendation: National Bioenergy programme • All active regions in energy technology will have a regional plan within 1-2 years (covering about half of Finland) • Key challenge: How to produce accurate statistical information to monitor the development in energy sector in regional level?

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OSKE Goals:
Strong National Clusters, Specialization of Regions
– Competitiveness of key national clusters – Globally competitive clusters

– Gathering together regional centres of exellence = National Clusters
Tekes Academy VTT Metla

- Resources by private - public cooperation - Better utilization of resources for enterprises

Regional Centres

Cluster A OSKE

 UTILIZATION OF RESEARCH IN COMPANIES!
Excellence

of

– New products, technologies, methods and business concepts
- more turnover, export, jobs

Enterprises

– Internationalization

20 11. syyskuuta 2009 TT 20

Cluster Programmes
• • • • • • • • • • • • • Cleantech Cluster Digibusiness Cluster Food Development Cluster Forest Industry Future Energy Technology Cluster HealthBio Red Biotech Cluster Health and Well-being Cluster Housing Cluster Intelligent Machines Cluster Maritime Cluster Nanotechnology Cluster Tourism Cluster Ubiquitous Computing Cluster
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OSKE PROGRAMME:
• 13 Cluster Programmes • 4-7 University regions in each Cluster • Regional coordination in Science Parks Sodankylä Sodankylä • 50% State funding • Joensuu Region Centre of Expertise patricipates klusterissaCluster Programmes: in four 13
Rovaniemi Rovaniemi

OSKEen hakeneet maakunnittain 2007-2013

Regions in Cluster Programmes
In 9 Clusters In one Cluster

Rovaniemi Rovaniemi

1 klusterissa

Kemi-Tornio Kemi-Tornio Oulu Oulu Raahe Raahe

Oulu Oulu Raahe Raahe Kajaani Kuhmo Kajaani Kuhmo Kokkola Kokkola Vaasa Vaasa Kajaani Kajaani

Kokkola-Pietarsaari Kokkola-Pietarsaari
Vaasa Vaasa Jurva Jurva

Nivala Nivala Kaustinen Kaustinen

Seinäjoki Seinäjoki

Kuopio Kuopio Jyväskylä Varkaus Jyväskylä Varkaus Joensuu Joensuu

Seinäjoki Seinäjoki

Kuopio Kuopio Jyväskylä Jyväskylä

Joensuu Joensuu

Pori Pori

Tampere Tampere

Savonlinna Savonlinna Mikkeli Mikkeli

Pori Pori

Tampere Tampere

Savonlinna Savonlinna Mikkeli Mikkeli

Hämeenlinna Hämeenlinna Lahti Lahti Lappeenranta Lappeenranta Kouvola Kouvola Jokioinen Jokioinen Hyvinkää-Riihimäki Hyvinkää-Riihimäki Turku Turku Kotka Kotka Porvoo Porvoo Lohja Lohja PKS PKS

Hämeenlinna Hämeenlinna Turku Turku

Lappeenranta Lappeenranta Lahti Lahti Kouvola Kouvola Hyvinkää Hyvinkää PKS PKS
SM/AHO/MH/9.11.2006

*Hallinnon ja aluekehityksen ministerityöryhmän 9.11.2006 hyväksymät osaamiskeskusohjelman 13 osaamisklusteria ja 21 osaamiskeskusta.

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FUTURE…
• Next step will be to go from programme level to practical level (from strategic level to business) • We have just established a forest and energy group in North Karelia • And in this work we will need a good cooperation as BBN and good networks in european and global level • THANK YOU FOR YOU ATTENTION!

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