Utjecaj novih tehnologija na
sigurnost u pomorstvu i djelovanje
u kriznim situacijama
Impact of new technologies to
safety and emergency actions in
Maritime Faculty, University of Split,
Privatna praksa medicine rada, Ploĉe
FESB, University of Split,
FER, University of Zagreb , HHI
Igor Vujović, email@example.com, Danko Kezić, firstname.lastname@example.org, Zlatan Kulenović,
email@example.com, Ivica Kuzmanić, firstname.lastname@example.org, Zdeslav Jurić,Radovan
Vlašić, Rosanda Mulić,Mirjana Vujović, Sloboda Beroš, Ivan Petrović, Eli
Marušić, Matić Petar, Domljan Ţeljka
• SUSTAV ZA UPRAVLJANJE ROBOTIMA
U KRIZNIM SITUACIJAMA – DIO A
• TERORIZAM I RAT – SPRJEĈAVANJE
NEGATIVNIH POSLJEDICA – DIO B
• MOGUĆNOSTI RAZVOJA ORUŢANIH
NANOTEHNOLOŠKIH SUSTAVA – DIO C
• EKONOMSKI ASPEKTI – DIO D
• EKOLOŠKI ASPEKTI – DIO E
• MEDICINSKI ASPEKTI – DIO F
INTRODUCTION - SOME
• Traffic accidents,
• environment pollution,
• supervolcano / volcano eruptions,
• asteroid, comet or meteor fall, etc.
INTRODUCTION – USUALLY
• Medical intervention,
• Fire distinguishing (or control),
• Ruins management,
• Search and rescue in:
- fire locations,
- marine accidents’ locations,
- traffic accidents’ locations, etc.
INTRODUCTION - SYSTEM
Center for emergency
PARTS OF SYSTEM
It is important to point out the vital role of communication
systems. Without it, there is no mean of information
Internet can be used as communication media. However,
wireless Internet link must be used when mobile units
are on the sight.
Surveillance information must be transferred to
communication system to the center.
The center assigns executable units, which take necessary
Emergency Response Search-and-Rescue
Robots Prepare for Robots Practice
Search/Rescue Emergency Response
Mission to Simulated
Researchers see how
robots respond in real- Earthquake
FEMA's Indiana Task
DIO A: SUSTAV ZA
UPRAVLJANJE ROBOTIMA U
Konkretni istraţivaĉki rad:
- Algoritmi robotskog vida,
- Algoritmi kodiranja prijenosa informacija komunikacijskim
medijem (Internet, bezţiĉne komunikacija, itd),
- Algoritmi saţimanja slike i uklanjanja šuma s posebnim
naglaskom na valiće,
- Sustav upravljanja zasnovan na diskretnim dogaĊajima
(ukljuĉujući i rješavanje zagušenja Petrijevim mreţama),
- Sustavi video nadzora zbog sigurnosti u pomorstvu,
- Analize slike i prepoznavanja meta u oteţanim uvjetima
(ukljuĉujući i superrezolucijske metode).
Robot’s role can be vital in environments where human
lives are endangered. This is known in nuclear reactor’s
disasters, where radiation levels is to high. Control of
robots over distance is already used.
It is possible to use robots in hostile atmospheres (due to
terrorist atomic, chemical or biological attack, chemicals
in industry or as a product of fire).
Robots can supply quarantines (with i.e. food or drugs) and
therefore prevent risk of further contamination.
Control over distance can be used in deactivation of mines,
explosives and bombs.
Direct teleoperation lies on a teleoperation architecture, through which
setpoints and state variables are exchanged between an operator and
remote system. The remote system includes the communication with the
base (server block) and the local control of the robot state variables,
position ones as it happens (controller block).
DELAY REGULATOR PRINCIPLE
Since transmission introduce time delay, there have to be a
ways to fight these delays.
The delay regulator ensures the compensation of the delay
variation by means of a stack.
DELAY REGULATOR PRINCIPLE
One of the solutions is to compensate the varying time
delays through a stack able to handle the effect of the
However, in some applications it is not possible to save
data, because unfortunate event can happen. I.e. robot
can fall into hole and operator sees that a few moments
later. Or in telesurgery when un-damaged organ can be
So, we propose that image is calculated and interpolated
when data is missing. This is possible when motion
estimation is used.
SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY
ACTION OVER INTERNET
- must have tolerance for time delays, which are random,
- preferable has a way to prevent problems related to the lost
- very likely have a part of communication system with
wireless protocol, because wires could make it difficult to
react and maneuver in some situations.
- in some situations (i.e. toxins, radiations, heat) mobile
robots are very far from human operator, but there is no
difference whether operator is on the different continent or
only a few kilometers from the sight,
- since several workstations can be involved in the
teleoperation system, UDP must be implemented instead of
VISUAL FEEDBACK IN
Visual feedback enables that
teleoperator sees the
“Present” look of the
More robots enable more
perspectives to the scene.
The main obstacle is a large
amount of information for
transfer over communica-
Task is to obtain interactivity,
unobservable time delay
and un-interrupted image
change in the operator’s
DIO B: TERORIZAM I RAT –
Cilj ovog dijela brojekta je izrada studije o
utjecaju nadolazeće nanotehnologije na
naĉin djelovanja i kontramjere kod
terorizma i u voĊenju ratnih sukoba.
DIO C: MOGUĆNOSTI RAZVOJA
Razmatra se mogućnosti raznih drţava da razviju razne
vrste napadaĉkog i obrambrenog oruţja. Posebno
poglavlje treba biti posvećeno izradi strategije razvoja
HV s obzirom na nadolazeću tehnologiju.
DIO D: EKONOMSKI ASPEKTI
Finally, we must ask our self:
Is there an economical reason for doing all of this?
Casualties won’t pay any more than they are paying social
and health insurance already!
Of course, there is use of it! Human life is priceless and by
saving one we save a fortune. Is there anything else?
For other, insurance companies should be interested,
because they will pay less for life insurances, damages,
PREGLED SREDSTAVA ULOŢENIH
DIO E: EKOLOŠKI ASPEKTI
• Utecaj nanomaterijala na okoliš i ljude
• Utjecaj na razvoj novih goriva i
• Razgradivost nanomaterijala
• Mogućnost zaštite od neţeljenih
djelovanja nanotehnologije svih oblika.
DIO F: MEDICINSKI ASPEKTI
Telemedicine and virtual reality
To be able to react more accurate, different VR systems
are developing. The benefits of such systems are high
quality services from the best doctors, which are very far,
brought to the sight of event.
This means less casualties, better health care and less
expenses to the health and life insurances.
Telesurgery (computer assisted
One of actions is medical intervention over communication
systems, such as the Internet. It is useful that distant
doctor have not only visual but also force and tactile
feedback. That can enable operations of quarantined
patients from safe distance.
IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW
New technologies, such as nanotechnology, can offer new
- new nanomaterials can be resistant to many accidents’
- new materials can absorb toxic gases, which could
prevent search and rescue to act,
- nanorobots or suites of new materials can take care of
- nanomaterials can produce light to help rescue teams...
• There is a need for a strong agency for emergency
actions such as FEMA in the USA. It could control
mobile robots from different sights.
• Agency need to manage not only available resources,
but research in new technologies which could potentially
help in rescue, i.e. nanotechnology, robotics, new
materials. (Development of new materials and devices
can be guided toward necessities for search and rescue
• UDP have to be improved to prevent pocket lost or client
application must interpolate lost data pockets.
• Time delays must be handled by interpolation and
motion estimation and not by stocks.
SURADNICI I ISTRAŢIVAĈI NA