Food Crisis (DOC download) by macki11

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									                                        The food Crisis




The food crisis will be the biggest crisis of the 21st century.

 It will push up food prices and spread hunger and poverty. Surging food prices will create inflation and
create more crisis in the world. This will not only affect developing countries but also developed
countries. According to United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), more than 73 million people in 78
countries who depend on food handouts are facing reduced rations this year.High prices have caused
food protests around the world like Mexico, India, Senegal, London, Mauritania and other parts of Africa.
India, Mexico, Haiti, Philippines, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Yemen have seen food riots this year protesting
the food crisis. Hardest hit of this crisis will likely be African countries, where many of the world's
poorest nations are here. A lack of food as the primary needs of humans will cause riots, suicide and
millions of people could die from it.Nearly every region of the world is experiencing drastic inflation
caused by food this year. Retail prices are up 18% in China, 17% in Sri Lanka and 10% or more throughout
Latin America and Russia.

Recently on May 3, a cyclone devastated Myanmar's low-lying Irrawaddy delta region leaving more than
1 million people homeless, according to the UN. An estimated 80,000 people died in the delta's Labutta
district alone. Myanmar had been expected to export 600,000 tons of rice this year, including to Sri
Lanka and Bangladesh, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. The cyclone flooded 5,000
square kilometers (1,930 square miles) of farmland. Cyclone Nargis struck the country's main rice-
growing area, worsening a food crisis that's triggered unrest from Haiti to Egypt.

Why does it happen ?
Rocketing oil prices, global warming, biofuels, and the world population explosion are the cause of this
food crisis. The primary driver is the soaring cost of oil, which reached $123 a barrel for the first time. Oil
cost will make transportation more expensive, thus making food more expensive too. The price of oil has
sent the cost of food imports skyrocketing this year.

The World Bank predicts global demand for food will double by 2030. This is partly because the world's
population is expected to grow by three billion by 2050. Food demand will also grow due to new
prosperity in India and China.Global warming will disrupt food production in many countries. It can cause
climate instability which is bad for crop.

Food price are affected by accelerating demand for biofuels. Biofuels, made from food crops such as
corn, sugar cane, and palm oil, are seen as easing the world's dependence on gasoline. But when crude
oil is expensive, these alternative energy sources can also be sold at higher price. Last year a quarter of
the US maize crop was turned into ethanol to fuel vehicles. US supplies more than 60% of the world's
maize exports. According to the World Bank, this is putting pressure on countries' food supplies.The
worldwide food reserves are at their lowest in 35 years. Demand is growing much more than supply.

How to solve ?



For short term, massive government and international agency aid is needed especially from rich nations.
For long term, there should be incentives to increase food production. Relative price fluctuations are an
unavoidable part of an efficient economy. This becomes worrying when some people are so poor that a
small rise in price becomes a life and death question for them. The two primary driver for the crisis is oil
price and global warming. Oil price hike is mainly caused by geopolitical risk, not supply and demand.
Political conditions affect oil production in Iraq, Nigeria, Venezuela, and Iran. Iraq is still struggling to
recover from decades of war. Nigerian production is affected by attacks and sabotage. Venezuelan oil
production has never fully recovered since December 2002, when political strife brought Venezuelan
production to a halt. The key is to bring peace on those country.

Global warming has caused climate instability, which can destroy crop fields. Nowadays, there has been
a lot of talking about global warming. Each day, more and more people realized that global warming is
endangering the world. For short term, he hope that researchers can improve farming technique to
address worldwide hunger. Researchers around the world like the International Rice Research Institute
in Philippines are studying how to improve crop which more pest and weed resistant, more nutrient rich
and high yielding.

								
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