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The Common Good Approach

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					The Common Good Approach

Teri Wuest, Katie Kuen, Rebecca Meixner
                 Th, 5:30
      Ethical Theories Presentation
               April 9, 2009
Define Common Good

   Individuals own good is parallel with
    the good of the community,
    members are bound by the pursuit
    of common values/goals
Systems and goods beneficial to all

   Social policies                     Affordable
   Institutions                         healthcare
   Environments                        Effective public
   Social systems                       safety
                                        Peace among
                                         nations
                                        Just legal system
                                        Unpolluted
                                         environment

             http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publica
                tions/iie/v7n1/thinking.html
Aristotle
384 BC – 322 BC
Traditional point of view
oEven   if the good is the same for the
individual and the city, the good of the
city clearly is the greater and more
perfect thing to attain and to
safeguard.



          http://assets.cambridge.org/9780
          5218/02055/sample/97805218020
                       55ws.pdf
   The attainment of
    the good for one
    person alone is, to
    be sure, a source
    of satisfaction; yet
    to secure it for a
    nation and for
    cities is nobler and
    more and more
    divine.
Affirmative Action Programs

   Do women and minorities deserve
    to receive differential treatment in
    job opportunities, qualified of not?
   Do minorities deserve preferential
    treatment in entering college,
    merits or not?
John Rawls
1920-2002
Contemporary point of view

   "A Theory of Justice" (1971)
   “We all have individual rights which
    cannot be sacrificed in the name of
    utility”




           http://74.125.95.132/search?q=ca
           che:dxQO_P0qSAwJ:libertyunboun
           d.com/archive/2003_02/narveson-
           rawls.html+john+rawls+on+the+c
           ommon+good+approach&cd=4&hl
                   =en&ct=clnk&gl=us
   “certain general
    conditions that
    are…equally to
    everyone’s
    advantage.”
Healthcare for all?

   Does everyone deserve the same
    medical treatment, insured or not?
   Does it matter what your income is
    vs. what type of coverage you will
    receive?
   Who pays for it?
Criticism of the common good
                    All people work for
                     only the common
                     good and get an
                     equal share of
                     total output
                     regardless of how
                     hard (or little)
                     they worked
Criticism continued. . .

   Affirmative Action programs give
    preferential treatment to women
    and minorities
   Individuals are not treated equally
   However, these programs are
    indispensable for achieving social
    justice


           http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publica
             tions/iie/v2n1/homepage.html
Conclusion

   Supports social programs that
    promote justice and equality
   A for effort
   However, unrealistic in this day and
    age
Questions
   What are the
    benefits to the
    Common Good
    Approach?
   Disadvantages?
   Will the Common
    Good Approach
    cause more harm
    than good?

				
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