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    RAPID ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
         ASSESSMENT REPORT
                        FOR

           THE PROPOSED EXPANSION

                         OF

ASBESTOS FIBRE CEMENT ROOFING SHEETS – CORRUGATED
   AND FLAT AND ACCESSORIES MANUFACTURING UNIT

                         OF

    M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LTD.



                         AT

  Survey No. 78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2,
             Village: Sinugra, Taluka: Anjar,
                 District: Kutch, Gujarat.


                   PREPARED BY:




           M/s. ANAND CONSULTANTS
             (An ISO 9001:2008 Certified)
            16, Everest Tower, Naranpura,
            Ahmedabad - 380 013, Gujarat.
        Ph: 079-27484871, Fax: 079-27480116
           e-mail: environment@dataone.in

                  January - 2011
CONTENTS

                         LIST OF CHAPTERS


     CHAPTER      DESCRIPTION                              PAGE

        NO.                                                NO.

   CHAPTER-1     INTRODUCTION
         1.1      General Information On Asbestos And       1
                  Asbestos Related Activities

         1.2      Identification Of Project Proponent       7

         1.3      Brief Description Of The Project          7

         1.4      Justification Of The Project              8

         1.5      Purpose Of The Report                     9

         1.6      Size Of The Project                       9

         1.7      Location Of The Project                   10

         1.8      Rational For The Site Selection           15

         1.9      Objectives Of EIA Study                   15

        1.10      Scope And Methodology                     15

        1.11      Study Area                                16

        1.12      Siting Of The Plant                       19

   CHAPTER-2     PROJECT DESCRIPTION
        2.1       Project Details                           20

        2.2       Product Details                           20

        2.3       List Of Raw Materials With Consumption    23

        2.4       Manufacturing Process Description         23

        2.5       Raw Materials Handling And Storage        29

        2.6       Plant Water System                        30




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
        2.7       Pollution Control Arrangements             33

        2.8       Fire Fighting Arrangements                 38

        2.9       Power (Fuel And Electricity)               39

        2.10      Man Power                                  40

        2.11      Land Description                           41

        2.12      Green Belt Development                     41

        2.13      Socio-economic Developmental Activities    42

        2.14      Cleaner Production                         44

   CHAPTER-3     BASE-LINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
        3.1       Introduction                               45

        3.2       Statutory Requirements                     45

        3.3       Air Environment                            45

        3.4       Meteorology                                50

        3.5       Water Environment                          60

        3.6       Noise Environment                          63

        3.7       Land Environment                           65

        3.8       Biological Environment                     69

        3.9       Socio-economic Environment                 74

   CHAPTER-4     ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND ITS
                 MITIGATION
        4.1       Introduction                               86

        4.2       Identification Of Impacts Through Matrix   86

        4.3       Impact Assessment                          88

        4.4       Air Environment                            90

        4.5       Water Environment                          92

        4.6       Noise Environment                          93

        4.7       Land Environment                           93




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
        4.8       Ecology                                      94

        4.9       Forest/National Park/Sanctuary/Historical    94
                  Place

        4.10      Socio-Economic Environment                   95

        4.11      Aesthetics                                   95

        4.12      Health & Safety                              95

   CHAPTER-5     ADDITIONAL STUDIES
         5.1      Onsite Emergency Plan                        97

         5.2      Public Hearing                               97

         5.3      Employee Education                           97

         5.4      Occupational Health                          98

         5.5      Ergonomics (Man-Machine Relationship)        99

         5.6      Workplace Monitoring                         100

         5.7      Risk Assessment                              100

   CHAPTER-6 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
        6.1      Introduction                                  101

        6.2      Environmental Management Policy               101

        6.3      Objectives Of Environmental Management        101
                 Plan

        6.4      Environmental Management Cell                 102

        6.5      Housekeeping                                  103

        6.6      Fire Safety                                   104

        6.7      Pollution Control Arrangements / Mitigative   106
                 Measures

        6.8      Noise And Communication                       107

        6.9      Monitoring Of Environment                     108

        6.10     Occupational Safety And Health                109

        6.11     Green Belt Development And Afforestation      110




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
   CHAPTER-7 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
         7.1     Introduction                            112

         7.2     Air Environment                         112

         7.3     Water Environment                       112

         7.4     Noise Environment                       113

         7.5     Ecology                                 113

         7.6     Socio - Economic Environment            113

         7.7     Summary Of The EIA Study                114

   CHAPTER  8 CONSULTANT ENGAGED

   CHAPTER  9 TOR & ITS COMPLIANCE
         9.1     A Copy Of TOR Letter                    116

         9.2     Clarifications, Information & Data As   116
                 Required In TOR Letter




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
                            LIST OF TABLES

   TABLE                     DESCRIPTION                                PAGE

     NO.                                                                NO.
     1.1    Land Breakup (After Expansion)                               8

     1.2    List Of Villages Falling Under The Study Area                17

     1.3    Details Of Transportation Facilities                         19

     2.1    List Of Product With Proposed Capacity                       20

     2.2    List Of Raw Materials                                        21

     2.3    List Of Hazardous Raw Material                               29

     2.4    Water    Requirement   During Erection              Phase    30
            (Existing Water Requirement At The Plant)

     2.5    Water Requirement After The Proposed Expansion               31

     2.6    Wastewater Generation                                        32

     2.7    Types Of Air Pollutants From Asbestos – Related              33
            Activities

     2.8    Fuel Consumption                                             34

     2.9    Details Of Flue Gas Stack                                    34

     2.10   Details Of Process Vents                                     35

     2.11   Details Of Air Pollution Control Devices                     36

     2.12   Typical Noise    Levels     Of   Existing   Plant    And     37
            Machinery

     2.13   Typical Noise Levels Of Equipments                           37

     2.14   Hazardous Waste Produced After Expansion                     38

     2.15   Fire Extinguisher Details                                    38

     2.16   Manpower Shift-Wise                                          40

     2.17   Manpower Details                                             40

     2.18   Land Area Break-Up                                           41

     2.19   Cleaner Production                                           44



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
     3.1    AAQ Testing Procedure                                46

     3.2    Locations Of AAQ Monitoring Stations                 47

     3.3    Ambient Air Quality Status                           49

     3.4    Typical On-Site Meteorological Data                  50

     3.5    Monthly Variation Of      Temperature   And   Wind   54
            Speed (As Per IMD)

     3.6    On-Site Wind Data                                    55

     3.7    Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) Annual        56
            Wind Data For Bhuj

     3.8    Average Monthly Relative Humidity And Vapour         58
            Pressure

     3.9    Average Monthly Rainfall As Per (IMD)                59

     3.10   Physico-Chemical Analysis Of Water                   62

     3.11   Noise Level In The Study Area                        63

     3.12   Physico-Chemical Analysis Of Soil                    65

     3.13   Land Distribution                                    66

     3.14   Percentage Distribution As per Land Use              67

     3.15   Area Statistics Of Landuse/Landcover Map             68

     3.16   Flora In The Study Area                              70

     3.17   Fauna In The Study Area                              72

     3.18   Economic Structure –Main Workers                     75

     3.19   Percentage Distribution Of Main Workers              76

     3.20   Economic Structure –Marginal Workers                 77

     3.21   Percentage Distribution Of Marginal Workers          77

     3.22   Economic Structure - Total Workers                   78

     3.23   Percentage Distribution Of Total Workers             79

     3.24   Demographic Structure                                80

     3.25   Basic Amenities Available At Villages Within The     82
            Study Area




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
     3.26   Villages   According     To    Amenities     And    84
            Abbreviations

     4.1    Prediction     Of     Impacts     (“Cause-Effect”   87
            Relationship) During Erection Phase

     4.2    Prediction     Of     Impacts     (“Cause-Effect”   87
            Relationship) During Operation Phase

     4.3    Assessment Of Predicted Impacts During Erection     89
            Phase

     4.4    Assessment    Of   Predicted   Impacts     During   89
            Operation Phase

     4.5    Data Used For The Evaluation Of The Ground Level    91
            Concentration

     6.1    Pollution    Control    Arrangements/Mitigative     106
            Measures

     6.2    Monitoring Schedule                                 108




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
                          LIST OF FIGURES

   TABLE                     DESCRIPTION                        PAGE

     NO.                                                        NO.
     1.1    Location Of Project Site                             11

     1.2    Project Site In Google Map Image                     12

     1.3    Key Plan Of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd.               13

     1.4    Plant Layout Of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd.           14

     2.1    Manufacturing Process Flow Chart                     25

     2.2    Fibre Dust Collector System In The Closed Circuit    27
            Process

     2.3    Fly Ash And Cement Dust Collector System In The      28
            Closed Circuit Process

     2.4    Water Balance Diagram                                33

     3.1    Locations Of AAQ Monitoring Stations                 48

     3.2    On-Site Wind-Rose Diagram                            56

     3.3    Annual Wind Rose Diagram For Bhuj – As Per IMD       57

     3.4    Graphical Representation Of Relative Humidity In     59
            The Study Area

     3.5    Water Sampling Locations                             61

     3.6    Graphical Representation Of Noise Levels In The      64
            Study Area During Day Time And During Nighttime

     3.7    Graphical Representation Of Land Distribution In     67
            The Study Area

     3.8    Graphical Representation Of Land Use Pattern In      69
            The Study Area As Per EIC

     3.9    Percentage Distribution Of Main Workers In The       76
            Study Area

     3.10   Percentage Distribution Of Marginal Workers In       78
            The Study Area

     3.11   Percentage Distribution Of Total Workers In The      79



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
            Study Area

     3.12   Demographic Profile Of The Study Area           81

     6.1    Environmental Management Cell                   103

     6.2    Photographs Showing Posters In The Plant Area   105
            For Awareness Of Housekeeping And Fire




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
                              LIST OF ANNEXURES
TABLE                                     DESCRIPTION
 NO.
 1.1     Brief Profile Of M/s. Ramco Industries Limited

 1.2     A Satellite Imagery Showing The 10 Km Study Area Surrounding The Project Site

 1.3     Copy of TOR letter

 1.4     Copy of Environmental Clearance And Its Compliance

 1.5     Copy Of Consent & Authorization Order And Its Compliance

 2.1     Land Use And Land Cover Map

 3.1     National Ambient Air Quality Standards

 3.2     Standards For Drinking Water As Prescribed By Indian Standard, IS 10500

 3.3     National Ambient Noise Quality Standards

 3.4     Permissible Limit For Stack

 3.5     Permissible Noise Exposure For Industrial Workers

 3.6     Photographs Showing Ambient Air Monitoring

 4.1     Expected Ground Level Concentrations Of Various Pollutants Due To The
         Proposed Expansion

 4.2     Form-32 “Health Register”

 6.1     Previous Monitoring Reports Of Stack, Ambient Air And Noise Within The Factory
         Premises

 9.1     Photographs Of The Plant Area

 9.2     Rain Water Harvesting Scheme

 9.3     A Letter From Gujarat Infrastructure Ltd.

 9.4     Health And Safety Photos In The Plant

 9.5     On-Site Emergency Plan

 9.6     Health Management Plan

A & A1   Details of emission parameter and ambient air quality parameters

  B      Details of fluctuation of the ground level




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
                                                                    CHAPTER  1
                                                                  INTRODUCTION

1.1 GENERAL          INFORMATION         ON     ASBESTOS           AND   ASBESTOS
    RELATED ACTIVITIES
    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. proposes to expand its existing production capacity
    from 72,000 MT/Annum to 1,20,000 MT/Annum of the manufacturing unit of
    Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets  Corrugated and Flat & Accessories at
    Village: Sinugra, Taluka: Anjar, District: Kutch, Gujarat State. General information
    on asbestos and asbestos related activities is given below.


    1.1.1    ASBESTOS CLASSIFICATION
    Asbestos is a naturally occurring hydrated mineral silicate that crystallizes in
    fibrous form. Mineralogically asbestos can be classified into two major groups; the
    Serpentine and the Amphibole. Both groups have different physico–chemical
    nature. Serpentine is curly and stranded structure whereas amphiboles are
    straight and rod like structures (ATSDR).
    1.   Serpentine – Chrysotile (White Asbestos) (90% of Chrysotile Asbestos used in
         industry)
    2.   Amphibole – Whose variety include Amosite (Brown Asbestos), Tremolite,
         Actinolite, Anthophylite & Crocidolite (Blue Asbestos)(Crocidolite Asbestos is
         banned in India causing maximum damage)




                                         )




    Asbestos fibres bear unique properties of a high tensile strength, resistance to
    heat and many chemicals without having any detectable odor. Asbestos in air at

 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              1
   work environment is a major cause of adverse effects on health of industrial
   workers.


   1.1.2   CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES
    Chemical Structure


    Serpentine
        Chrysotile Mg3Si2O5 (OH)4
    Amphibole
        Actinolite    : (Ca, Fe) 2Mg5Si 8O22 (OH)2
        Amosite       : Fe2Fe5Si 8O22 (OH)2
        Anthophyllite : Mg2Mg5Si8O22 (OH)2
        Crocidolite   : Na2Fe2+3Fe3+2Si8O22 (OH)2
        Tremolite     : Ca2Mg5Si 8O22 (OH)2


    General Properties


    Asbestos has got certain unique properties, which has led to its application in
    more than 3000 products. Its chief properties are:


     High Tensile strength
     High resistance to abrasion
     Resistance to corrosion
     Resistance to heat
     Non-combustibility
     Resistance to Alkali Attack
     Durability & Toughness
     Good Electrical Insulation Properties
     Chemical inertness


   By virtue of the high tensile strength and bonding properties with cement, it is
   used in the manufacture of Fibre Cement Products. It acts as the reinforcing
   medium in much the same way as Steel in RCC. The said products are used in
   variety of applications. Nowadays Fibre Cement sheets are used in place of GI
   sheets, tiles, and other roofing materials. Fibre Cement sheets are used
   extensively for roofing of factories, residential colonies, garages, warehouses,
   railway platforms, low cost housing etc.


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                          2
   Chemical and Physical Properties of Chrysotile
   Chemical name
   Chrysotile is listed on the Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS).
   CAS number 12001-29-5
   EC number 650-013-00-6
   RTECS number GC2625000

   Other names               Trade names
   Asbestos                  7-45 Asbestos
   Serpentine asbestos       Avibest
   White asbestos            Avibest C
                             Calidria RG 100
                             Calidria RG 144
                             Calidria RG 600
                             Cassiar AK
                             K 6-30
                             NCI C61223A
                             5RO4



   Molecular formula and Structure
   Molecular formula: Mg3Si2O5(OH)4


   The crystal structure of chrysotile is layered or sheeted similarly to the kaolinite
   group. It is based on an infinite silica sheet (Si 2O5) in which all the silica
   tetrahedra point one way. On one side of the sheet structure, and joining the silica
   tetrahedra, is a layer of brucite, Mg(OH)2. The result is a layered structure.


   Molecular weight
   283


   Chemical composition
   Chemical analysis shows that chrysotile typically consists of the following range
   of major constituents (%) (IPCS, 1986):




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                  3
    SiO2            38 – 42
    MgO             38 - 42
    N2O+            11.5 – 13
    Fe2O3           0-5
    FeO             0-3

    Al 2O3         0–2
    CaO            0–2
    Na2O           0-1


    Impurities
    Impurities that are present in chrysotile may be part of the crystal structure or
    due to associated minerals. The most common impurities are iron and aluminium.
    Other impurities associated with chrysotile in lesser amounts are calcium,
    chromium,     nickel,   manganese,    sodium     and   potassium.    Common        mineral
    impurities found in commercial grades of chrysotile from various locations include
    magnetite, chromite, brucite, calcite, dolomite and awaruite. Within the chrysotile
    lattice, nickel and iron can occur as minor isomorphic substitutions for
    magnesium. Chrysotile is frequently contaminated by small amounts of other
    fibrous minerals such as tremolite (HSDB, 1998).


    1.1.3 ASBESTOS EXPOSURE
    Asbestos fibres can enter the air, water and soil from the weathering of natural
    deposits and the wearing down of manufactured asbestos products. People are
    most likely to be exposed to asbestos through inhalation of airborne fibres.
    Asbestos fibres can be broken down in the environment but will remain virtually
    unchanged over long period. These fibres can come from naturally occurring
    sources of asbestos i.e., asbestos bearing rocks or from the wearing down or
    disturbance of manufactured products including insulation, automotive, brakes
    and clutches, ceiling and floor tiles, dry wall, roofing materials and AC sheets as
    mentioned above. Asbestos is much more likely to be released to the atmosphere
    when     asbestos   deposits   are   disturbed   as    in   mining   operations.    Other
    anthropogenic sources of asbestos emissions besides mining are the crushing,
    screening, and milling of the ores, the processing of asbestos into asbestos-based
    products, the use of asbestos-containing materials. The transport and disposal of
    asbestos containing wastes also add to the exposure of asbestos into the
    environment


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                     4
    When mineral fibres are inhaled, many are deposited on the epithelial surface of
    the respiratory tree. Entry and deposition of the fibres depend upon the type of
    fibres and more importantly fibre size (length and diameter) which are believed to
    be important determinants of the health risk posed by asbestos.


    Asbestos – Mediated Toxicity and Diseases
    Inflammation: The sequence of events in the lung, following deposition of fibres
    includes modulation in the free cell population, primarily characterized by an
    inflammation of lining of lung leading to lung fibrosis.


    Mesothelioma: Mesothelioma may develop in pleural and peritoneal cavity of the
    lung. Pleural and peritoneal layer gets calcified and thickened.


    Asbestosis: Asbestos fibers when inhaled and reach in the lung start to damage
    the lung cells and result asbestosis (formation of scar tissue in the lung), and /or
    lung cancer. Asbestosis is an interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, which reduces the
    lung capacity to deliver the oxygen in proper way to the whole body because the
    lung tissue loses its ability to function.


    Bronchogenic Carcinoma:           Bronchogenic    carcinoma is     tumor,   arising in
    tracheobronchial epithelial or alveolar epithelial cells.


   Facts related to hazard / risk associated with Asbestos
       According to guidelines of World Health Organisation ingestion of Asbestos,
        including the use of Asbestos Cement Sheets does not pose a risk to human
        health. Asbestos is an inert material and is not toxic to touch, smell or
        ingestion. Asbestos Fibre can be an occupational health hazard, ONLY when
        (a) its Respirable and becomes airborne and (b) when such a dust is inhaled
        in excessive amounts, usually over a prolonged period. Asbestos fibre is not
        a hazard when proper dust control procedures are in operation. Short casual
        exposure to Asbestos dust involves no measurable risk. Health risk at a
        workplace due to inhalation of respirable dust is not peculiar to Asbestos
        fibre.


       First risk is a disease like Asbestosis – form of Pneumoconiotic disease
        caused by prolonged inhalation of high levels of mineral, metal or plant


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 5
       dusts; well known examples being Iron, Silica, Coal, Cotton, Beryllium &
       Asbestos. In the case of Asbestos, the disease is called ‘Asbestosis’.


      Second risk is a disease like Mesothelioma  rare type of cancer, which
       affects the inner lining of the chest wall or abdominal cavity due to exposure
       to Crocidolite & Amosite Asbestos. Latest medical reports do not attribute
       this disease to the use of Chrysotile Asbestos fibre. It should be remembered
       that above diseases were the results of the use of Asbestos under entirely
       uncontrolled conditions in the past when the harmful effects of Asbestos were
       not known and understood. In today’s well-controlled, regulated and
       completely enclosed industrial plants, occurrence of such diseases should not
       arise.


      Third risk is Cancer of the thin membrane enclosing the lungs. Lung Cancer 
       risk is greatly increased in those exposed workers who smoke. Studies show
       that for nonsmokers exposed to low-level Asbestos dust there is no
       increased risk of contracting Lung Cancer. The industry promotes no-
       smoking in the premises.


      Industry is using Chrysotile Asbestos, the least harmful form of Asbestos in
       every respect. As per Asbestos Information Centre (AIC), Chrysotile is a
       safer variety and does not cause Asbestos related ailments. Thus with
       controlled use, it is safe product.


      The toxic effects of Asbestos depend upon the cumulative dose & time since
       the 1st exposure Asbestos – related diseases usually occur after 15 – 40
       latency period following initial fibre exposure.


      According to University of Vermont (US) – Asbestos in Cement sheeting is
       not a risk to the general public as the fibre are in a matrix and cannot break
       into smaller particles even with weathering.


      According to Studies by Directorate General Factory Advice Service and
       Labour Institute, Mumbai, not even a single case of lung cancer was noted in
       Chrysotile Asbestos cement manufacturing industry.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                            6
    Asbestos is attractive in a broad variety of industrial applications because of its
    resistance to heat and chemicals, high tensile strength, and lower cost compared
    to man-made minerals. Asbestos is used for the manufacture of a variety of
    asbestos based products mainly as asbestos-cement (AC) sheets, AC pipes, brake
    shoes, brake linings, textiles and ropes. Asbestos is also incorporated in friction
    materials like brake linings and clutch pads, jointing and gaskets, asphalt coats
    and sealants and other similar products. Asbestos in air at work place is a major
    cause of adverse effects on the health of industrial workers.


1.2 IDENTIFICATION OF PROJECT PROPONENT
    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd., incorporated on 27th January 1965, belongs to Rs.
    1,500 Crore Ramco Group of Companies. Ramco Group is involved in various
    diversified activities including manufacture of Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing
    Sheets (Corrugated and Flat) & Accessories, manufacture of cotton and synthetic
    yarn, Surgical dressings, Software, Biotechnology and more. They have been in
    the business of manufacturing Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets  Corrugated
    and Flat & Accessories for over 37 years since 1967. The industry has its
    registered office at “Auras Corporate Centre”, 6th Floor, 98 - A, Dr. Radhakrishnan
    Road, Mylapore, Chennai – 600 004. In year 2005, they established M/s. Ramco
    Industries Limited, at Sinugra Anjar, District Kutch in the State of Gujarat. Brief
    profile of M/s. Ramco Industries Limited is attached as Annexure  1.1.


1.3 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd., established Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets
    (Corrugated and Flat) & Accessories manufacturing company at Survey No.
    78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2, Village: Sinugra, Taluka: Anjar, District:
    Kutch in the State of Gujarat in the year 2005. The industry is planning to expand
    their existing production capacity from 72,000 MT/ Annum to proposed 1, 20,000
    MT/ Annum. This implies that an increased production of 4000 MT/Month of
    Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets Corrugated and Flat & Accessories will be
    carried out to achieve the said total quantity of 10,000 MT/Month.


    The total plot area of the existing industry is 50180 m2, out of which 12300 m2 i.e.
    24.5 % is developed as greenbelt area. An additional 4700 m2 of land will be
    developed as greenbelt area after the said expansion of the project which will
    increase the greenbelt area upto a total of 33% of the total plot area. The Land



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              7
    area break-up of the project is given in Table No. 1.1 below. There will be no
    additional cost for proposed expansion since the said expansion is carried out in
    the existing premises with optimum utilization of the existing machinery.
    Approximately 16 lakh and 3.3 lakh are earmarked towards Capital cost and
    recurring cost/annum respectively for environmental pollution control measures.


                                        TABLE NO. 1.1
                           LAND BREAK-UP AFTER EXPANSION

                           Description               Area (m2)

                            Plant                       9000

                            Road                        6100

                            Greenbelt                   17000

                            Raw Material Storage        1200

                            Fuel Storage                 100

                            Finished goods              12000

                            Open Yard                   4780

                                             Total      50180



    The Industry is using Chrysotile Asbestos as raw material, which is being
    imported, and same shall be continued even after expansion of the project. Details
    of Raw material are given in Chapter-2 of this report.


    In order to assess the environmental impacts of the proposed project, M/s. Ramco
    Industries Ltd., has entrusted M/s. Anand Consultants, Ahmedabad to undertake
    Environmental Impact Assessment Study for various components of the
    Environment viz. Air, Water, Noise, Land, Ecology and Socio-economic.        This
    report presents baseline data collected for Winter Season (October  2009) for
    Air, Water, Noise, Land, Ecology etc. for identification and assessment of the
    impacts.


1.4 JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT
    It has been observed that there is an unfulfilled demand for fibre Cement Products
    in Gujarat State. To fulfil the above demand and strengthen the market of our
    products, Ramco Industries Limited, at Sinugra Anjar has proposed to

 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                            8
    increase its production capacity from existing 72,000 MT/Annum to 1,20,000
    MT/Annum. The additional production of the plant will be achieved by optimum
    utilization of the existing machineries and facilities without any cost investment for
    the plant and machinery.


    The said product is not a health hazard and there has been an ever-increasing
    demand for Fibre Cement Sheets in our country. The demand for Fibre Cement
    Products has a growth rate of about 7 % per annum. Though Fibre Cement
    Products are deep-rooted in various parts of our country, yet it has been observed
    that there is an unfulfilled demand for Fibre Cement Products in Western India.


    Thus the proposed expansion project will help in reducing the gap of demand and
    supply.


    The product has following advantages:
        It is used in variety of applications.
        It is light in weight, thus reducing the cost of trusses and woodwork and easy
         to install.
        It does not deteriorate with weather and will last indefinitely. On the other
         hand, strength of Fibre Cement materials increases due to ageing.
        It is comparatively cooler.
        It could be fixed easily and has an attractive appearance.
        It is comparatively maintenance free.
        It is much cheaper than similar roofing materials.
        It does not pose health hazard.



1.5 PURPOSE OF THE REPORT
    The project is required to be granted Environmental Clearance as this project falls
    under category ‘A’ of activity no. 4 (c) of Schedule (List of Projects or Activities
    requiring prior Environmental Clearance) of Notification dated 14th September,
    2006.,as per the MoEF circular dated 29-10-07. For this the industry is required to
    submit a Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Study Report.


1.6 SIZE OF THE PROJECT
    The total production capacity after the proposed expansion will be 1, 20,000 MT
    /Annum. List of Product is given in Table No. 2.1 of Chapter 2 of this report.



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                9
1.7 LOCATION OF PROJECT
    The project site is located at survey no. 78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2 at
    Village: Sinugra, Taluka: Anjar, District: Kutch in the state of Gujarat. The
    Satellite imagery of the project site with surrounding 10 Km study area is attached
    as Annexure-1.2
    The geographical details of the project site are:


        Longitude      :   69o 59’ E

        Latitude       :   23o 06’ N


    Location of Project site is shown as Figure 1.1
    Project Site in Google map image is shown as Figure 1.2
    Key Plan of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. is given in Figure No. 1.3
    Plant layout of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. is given in Figure No. 1.4




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                             10
                               FIGURE NO. 1.1
                         LOCATION OF PROJECT SITE




PROJECT SITE




    EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED           11
                                             FIGURE NO. 1.2
                                        PROJECT SITE – GOOGLE MAP




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                               12
                           FIGURE NO. 1.3
              KEY PLAN OF M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LTD.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                  13
                           FIGURE NO. 1.4
            PLANT LAY-OUT OF M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LTD




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                    14
1.8 RATIONAL FOR THE SITE SELECTION
    Since M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. is going for Expansion in its existing capacity,
    the location of the project remains the same as the existing project. The existing
    project location was selected on the basis of below given criteria:


        Easy availability of raw material i.e. cement. In Kutch region there are many
         cement plants situated and it is the cement belt of Gujarat.
        Easy availability of raw material i.e. Fly ash from Thermal Power Stations of
         Gujarat Electricity Board.
        Easy Availability of water through Gujarat Infrastructure Limited
         Kandla Port being in Kutch region, the import of Asbestos Fibre becomes
         extremely convenient and viable.
        The site is well equipped with the required infrastructure facilities like
         manpower, transportation, power supply.
        Sinugra is directly connected to important industrial and commercial centres
         of Western India by road and it is possible to dispatch finished goods from
         the factory by road.



1.9 OBJECTIVES OF EIA STUDY
        As per provision of the EIA notification, 2006, under the Environmental
         (Protection) Act, 1986, new projects can be undertaken only after obtaining
         an Environmental Clearance (EC). Any project seeking an environmental
         clearance requires an EIA report, prepared in accordance with guidelines of
         Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), Government of India.
        Environmental Impact Assessment study includes identification, assessment,
         quantitative evaluation and prediction of possible impacts.
        To assess existing environmental status of air quality, water quality, noise
         level, and risk hazards within 10 km radius as suggested in TOR.
        To suggest preventive and mitigative measures to minimize adverse impacts
         and to maximize beneficial impacts.


1.10 SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
     Scope
     The project proponent has made an application of Form-I to the Ministry of
     Environment & Forest Expert Appraisal Committee, New Delhi for receiving Terms



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                            15
     of Reference for the preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
     Report. Later on, our proposal was considered by the Expert Appraisal
     Committee-1 (Industry) in its 12th meeting held on 26th -28th July, 2010. Based
     on discussion and details given by us, subsequent Terms of Reference (TOR) were
     conveyed by -Expert Appraisal Committee vide their letter no J-11011/183/2010-
     IA-II(I) dated 12th August, 2010. Photocopy of the same is attached as
     Annexure – 1.3.


     Reply to Terms of Reference as well as their reference in the EIA report is given in
     Chapter -9 as TOR & Its Compliance.
     The status of compliance for the existing Industry is as follows:
     1. Environmental clearance of validity of 5 years achieved on 14th June, 2005
        which shall be valid up to 14th June, 2010. Compliance report of the same is
        attached as Annexure-1.4 at the end of this report.
     2. Consent of operation of achieved on 19th October, 2006 which shall be valid
        up to 16th March, 2011. Compliance report of the same is attached as
        Annexure- 1.5 at the end of this report.


     Methodology
     EIA study includes identification, assessment, quantitative evaluation and
     prediction of possible impacts. To minimize impact due to expansion project on
     various environments, an impact identification matrix has been prepared, while
     the assessment of impacts has been based on mathematical models and/or
     scientific knowledge and judgment.


1.11 STUDY AREA
     In keeping with the normal practice, the study area for detailed studies is an area
     within a radius of 10 Kms with the proposed project site at the centre. A map of
     the study area is presented in Figure 3.1 of Chapter 3. A Satellite imagery
     showing the 10 Km study area surrounding the project site is attached as
     Annexure 1.2 at the end of this report.

    List of villages falling under the study area along with their respective distance and
    direction from the proposed project site is as mentioned below in Table No 1.2.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                16
                               TABLE NO. 1.2
             LIST OF VILLAGES FALLING UNDER THE STUDY AREA



                                        From the project site
           Name of
 Sr. No.                               Aerial Distance    Location code in
           Village         Direction
                                           (Kms.)               map

                               TALUKA : ANJAR

  1.       Ningal             NW               7.2              291
  2.       Maringana          NW               6                292

  3.       Bhadroi           NNW               5.4              293

  4.       Sapera             N                7.2              294

  5.       Nagalpar Nani      NE               4.8              304

  6.       Nagalpar Moti      NE            2.55                305

  7.       Vidi              SEE               3                319

  8.       Sinugra            --               --               318

  9.       Khambhara         NWW               2.7              306

  10.      Pantiya            W                6.6              316

  11.      Khedoi             SW               6.3              317

  12.      Mindhiala           S            2.85                323

  13.      Devaliya          SSE            7.35                322

  14.      Kumbhariya          S            9.15                324

  15.      Anjar City         NE            7.05                 III




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                   17
1.12 SITING OF THE PLANT
    The project site was developed on a plain land. The said project is located on
    survey no. 78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2, Village: Sinugra, Taluka:
    Anjar, District: Kutch. The said expansion is to be carried out on the existing
    project site. The existing project site is so located that:


        There are no metropolitan cities within 10 Kms. radius from the project site.
        There are no defence installations within 10 Kms. from the project site.
        No ecologically sensitive area such as tropical forests, biosphere reserves,
         important lakes or coastal areas which rich in coral formation fall within 10
         Kms. from the project site.
        No National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary falls within 10 Kms. radius from the
         project site.
        No Historical places or Religious places fall within 10 Kms. radius from the
         project site.
        As per the map of Anjar Taluka of District Census Handbook for Kutch
         District-1991 (Please see Figure No. 1.5) the study area contains parts of
         reserved forests having an area of
         1. Approximately 2 Km2 and is at about 2.8 Km distance from the project
             site.
         2. Approximately 1 Km2 and is at about 5.9 Km distance from the project
             site.
        The communication and transportation facilities are easily available. Please
         see Table No. 1.3.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              18
                                TABLE NO. 1.3
                 DETAILS OF TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

                                                Distance From Proposed
    Sr. No.   Destination
                                                      Project Site
      1.      Nearest Town
              Anjar                                     7 Kms.

      2.      Nearest National Highway
              NH No. 8A (Ahmedabad Kandla)            20 Kms.

      3.      Nearest Airport
              Bhuj                                    32.5 Kms.

      4.      Nearest Railway Station
              Anjar                                     7 Kms.

      5.      Nearest Port
              Kandla                                 @ 27.0 Kms.

      6.      Sea
              Gulf of Kutch                          @ 21.6 Kms.

      7.      Nearby River
              Bhukhi River                           @ 21.6 Kms.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                19
                                                                         CHAPTER  2
                                                      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1 PROJECT DETAILS
   M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. proposes to expand its existing production capacity for
   manufacturing of Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets  Corrugated and Flat &
   Accessories.


    The project site is located survey no. 78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2 at
      Village: Sinugra, Taluka: Anjar, District: Kutch in the state of Gujarat.
      Longitude      :       69o 59’ E
      Latitude       :       23o 06’ N


    The proposed project is an expansion of the existing production capacity of the
      industrial    unit   manufacturing   Asbestos    Fibre    Cement   Roofing   sheets    -
      corrugated and Flat Accessories from existing 72,000 MT/Annum to 1,20,000
      MT/Annum by optimum utilization of the existing machinery.


2.2 PRODUCT DETAILS
   List of product with existing capacity and proposed increased manufacturing
   capacity are as shown in the Table No. 2.1


                                    TABLE NO. 2.1
                   LIST OF PRODUCT WITH PROPOSED CAPACITY

     Sr.    Name of Product                                    Quantity(MT /Month)
     No.                                              Existing     Proposed         Total
     1.      Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing
             Sheets  Corrugated and Flat &            6,000        4,000          10,000
             Accessories


   There will not be any associated by-products during the manufacture of the above
   stated product.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                  20
2.3 LIST OF RAW MATERIALS WITH CONSUMPTION
      List of raw materials with consumption are given in Table No. 2.2
                                        TABLE NO. 2.2
                                LIST OF RAW MATERIALS

Sr.     Name Of Raw            Existing        Proposed          Total Consumption after
No.         Material           Quantity         Quantity                  Expansion
                             (MT/Month)      (MT/Month)
                                                              (MT/Month)         (MT/MT of
                                                                                   Product)

 1    Raw Asbestos Fibre          542              308             850              8.58%

 2         Wood Pulp              50               30               80              0.805%

 3          Cement               2708             1842             4550             45.78%

 4           Fly Ash             1500             1100             2600             26.16%



2.4 MANUFACTURING PROCESS DESCRIPTION
      Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets  Corrugated and Flat & Accessories are
      manufactured using Hatscheck technology. The manufacturing process of the same
      is given below and the process flow chart is given in Figure No. 2.1


      Raw Asbestos:
      Chrysotile Asbestos fibre is imported from Brazil, Canada, Russia, and Zimbabwe.
      The Asbestos fibres are received in 50 Kgs polyethylene woven bags in 2 tonnes
      shrink-wrapped pallets. They are unloaded using Forklifts in a separate godown at
      the factory. These bags are fed into a totally enclosed Bag Opening Device (BOD),
      which contains two cutters and a moving conveyor. The bags are then cut open by
      two cutters. Then the bag falls on to a Lump Breaker, which is also totally enclosed.
      Then the dry fibre is passed through an Elevator into a Fibre Mill. The polyethylene
      bags are also pulverized and fed into the Fibre Mill through a Shredder. The entire
      operation is done in a totally enclosed circuit, so that no fibre particles are let out
      into the atmosphere.


      In the Fibre Mill, two revolving stones mix the fibre with water for about 20
      minutes. Then the wet fibre is fed into the Fibre Silo through an Elevator. It is then
      extracted through an Extraction Screw. The wet fibre is sent to a Weighing System
      and then to the Slurry Mixer. The entire system, i.e. BOD, Fibre Mill etc. is
      connected to a Dust Extraction System, which consists of Filter Bags and a


                                                                                        21
EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Mechanical Shaking Device (Please see Figure No. 2.2). The fine dust collected at
    the bottom of the Dust Collector is automatically passed into the process through
    the Screw Conveyor. The complete system is automated. Hence, none of the
    workers manually come in contact with the fibre.


    Specification of Fibre Dust Collector:

    Fan capacity     :   5,400 m3/hr. Centrifugal Fan

    Motor            :   7.5 HP x 3,000 RPM

    Fan speed        :   3,000 RPM

    Bags cleaning    :   Mechanical shaking with automatic programmed timer control

    Nos. of bags     :   12 nos. (bellows type)

    Size             :   700 mm width x 1,650 mm length

    Filtering area   :   28 m2


    Cement:
    Cement is received in bulk in tankers and pumped into the Cement Silos of capacity
    250 MT**. From the Cement Silo, predetermined quantity of cement is fed to the
    Slurry Mixer through a Screw Conveyor and a Batch Weighing System. The Dust
    Collector for cement consists of 48 Filter Bags, Suction Fan of 7500 m3/hour
    capacity and a reverse pulse jet air cleaning system.


    Fly Ash:
    Fly Ash is also be received in bulk in tankers and pumped into the Fly Ash Silos of
    capacity 100 MT**. From the Silo, predetermined quantity of Fly Ash is fed into the
    Slurry Mixer through a Screw Conveyor and a Batch Weighing System. Asbestos
    Wet Fibre, Cement, Fly Ash and Wood Pulp are mixed with a large quantity of water
    to form a slurry, which is circulated by a Circulation Pump. A Dust Collector is also
    installed to extract the dust from the Slurry Mixer (Please see Figure No. 2.3). The
    dust collector for Fly Ash consists of 54 filter bags, suction fan of 8000m3/hour and
    a reverse pulse jet air cleaning system.




                                                                                     22
EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Note        :
     **         :    For emergency Cement and Fly Ash are received in 50 Kgs.
                     bags and kept in a godown whose area is 450 m2. From
                     godown they are fed manually into an Elevator. From the
                     Elevator it is sent to the respective Silos.


    Specification of Cement Dust Collector:

    Fan capacity       :   7,500 m3/hr. Centrifugal Fan

    Motor              :   15 HP x 3,000 RPM

    Fan speed          :   3,000 RPM

    Bags cleaning      :   By reverse pulse jet air with sequential timer

    Nos. of bags       :   48 nos.

    Size               :   150 mm diameter x 2,300 mm length

    Filtering area     :   52 m2


    Specification of Fly Ash Dust Collector:

    Fan capacity       :   8,000 m3/hr. Centrifugal Fan

    Motor              :   12.5HP x 3,000 RPM

    Fan speed          :   3,000 RPM

    Bags cleaning      :   By reverse pulse jet air with sequential timer

    Nos. of bags       :   54 nos.

    Size               :   150 mm diameter x 3,660 mm length


    The Asbestos Fibre Cement slurry is pumped to a Storage Mixer from where it is fed
    to a 5 Vat Hatscheck Sheeting Machine through a Dilution Tank where the slurry is
    mixed with lot of water. The diluted slurry is fed to the 4 Vat Sheeting Machine. The
    Sheeting Machine consists of four compartments called Vats and each Vat is
    provided with a Rotating Sieve Cylinder covered with a Fine Sieve Mesh. As the
    slurry is admitted into the Vat, the water is filtered through the sieve covers leaving
    a fine film of Asbestos Cement layers on the sieves. The layer so formed on the
    Sieve Cylinder is picked up by endless felt, which moves in contact with the Sieve
    Cylinder. The multiple layers so formed on the felt are dried by a system of Suction



                                                                                      23
EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Trays and then transferred to an Accumulation Drum. As soon as the layer
    accumulated on the Drum reachs the desired thickness, the sheet is cut off and
    dropped onto a Conveyor. Then the sheet is cut to exact length and breadth by a
    set of longitudinal and cross cutters.


    The sheet is then corrugated by a Corrugation Machine. The trimmings of the wet
    sheets pass through Belt Conveyors and get pulped in a Waste Dissolver with water
    and subsequently pumped to the Storage Mixer automatically. The pulverizing dust
    collector is provided at the pulverizing broken or rejected pieces.


    Specification of Pulverizer Dust Collector:

    Fan capacity             :   3000 m3/hr.

    Motor                    :   10 HP

    Fan speed                :   3,000 RPM

    Bags cleaning            :   By reverse pulse jet air with sequential timer

    Nos. of bags             :   20 nos.

    Size                     :   160 mm diameter x 1175 mm length

    Specification of Bag     :   Nylon cloth


    After 8 hours the sheets are separated from the templates by the Destacking
    Machine and sent for curing and the templates are sent back to the process.


    The entire process of manufacturing sheet from the beginning, i.e. Fibre bags,
    Cement and Fly ash is a totally enclosed system where none of these raw materials
    come directly or indirectly in contact with the workers working in the factory.




                                                                                      24
EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
              FIGURE NO. 2.1  MANUFACTURING PROCESS FLOW CHART

                                             DUST COLLECTOR
                                           WITH AUTOMATIC BAG
                                             SHAKING DEVICE

                        RAW ASBESTOS
                                                                           DUST FREE AIR
  WATER                                     CEMENT & FLY ASH
                                                BINDERS
                      BAG OPENING DEVICE
                                                                      DUST COLLECTOR
                                                                      WITH AUTOMATIC
                       EDGE RUNNER MILL                                BAG SHAKING
                                                                          DEVICE
  CONE TANKS
                          FIBRE SILO

                                                                ADDITIVE
  CLARIFIER                                WEIGHT HOPPER
                        WEIGHT HOPPER                             PULP



                         SLURRY MIXER




                                                                  WATER FROM
                        STORAGE MIXER
                                                                  CONE TANK



                        SHEET MACHINE        GREEN                   WASTE
                                             SHEETS                DISSOLVER
                                            TRIMMING


                        GREEN ASBESTOS
                       CEMENT SHEETS ON
                          CONVEYOR


                        CORRUGATION



                          STRIPPING



                      ATMOSPHERIC CURING



               FINISHED PRODUCTS FOR DESPATCH




                                                                            25
EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
             FIGURE NO. 2.2 - FIBRE DUST COLLECTOR SYSTEM IN THE CLOSED CIRCUIT PROCESS




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                     27
        FIGURE NO. 2.3 – FLY ASH AND CEMENT DUST COLLECTOR SYSTEM IN THE CLOSED CIRCUIT PROCESS


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                             28
2.5 RAW MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE
      The raw material used for manufacturing of the product is listed in Table No. 2.2.
      The    raw   material,   which   is   termed   as    Hazardous     Chemical   as   per     the
      “Manufacturing, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989” is listed in
      Table No. 2.3


                                          TABLE No. 2.3
                          LIST OF HAZARDOUS RAW MATERIAL

 Sr.         Hazardous           Quantity(MT/Month)                 Mode of          Mode of

 No.          Material                                             Handling          packing
                               Existing     Proposed      Total


                                                                                         Poly-
           Raw     Asbestos                                       Totally closed
  1                              542          308         850                        ethylene
           Fibre                                                       circuit
                                                                                    Woven Bags


      Raw Asbestos Fibre is received in 50 Kgs. Polyethylene woven bags which are
      imported from Brazil, Canada, Russia, and Zimbabwe. The Asbestos fibre
      containing bags are opened in a fully automatic Bag Opening Device (BOD)
      containing a bag shredder which completely avoids manual handling of either loose
      fibre or fibre bag. The whole bag is then fed into the above said device and
      Asbestos fibre is being transferred to the process. Both bag opening and shredding
      operations are enclosed and maintained under negative pressure with the help of
      bag filters and a centrifugal fan and same shall continue after expansion. Asbestos
      fibre storage area of about 600 m2 has been provided within industry. The fibre
      bags are properly labeled as white asbestos material as per the norms.


      Cement and Fly Ash are received in bulk in tankers and pumped into the Cement &
      Fly Ash Silos of respective capacity of 250 MT & 100 MT. In emergency Cement &
      Fly Ash are received in 50 Kgs. Bags and kept in a godown of approximately 450
      m2 area.


      Mode of Transport of Raw Material
      a)    Asbestos Fibre: Imported from Canada, Russia & Brazil in Ships to Mundra
            Port. Consignments are in closed sealed containers. Fibre bags are in
            polythene woven bags and stacking in 2 MT wooden pellet with shrink




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                            29
             wrapping and unloaded with forklift from container and stacked neatly in the
             Godown without damaging the wrapping.
      b)     Cement: Received from Sanghi Cement (Bhuj) and Ultratech Cement in bulk
             tankers and pumped to cement silo of 250 MT capacities by Air composer.
      c)     Flyash: Flyash received from Wanakbori Thermal Power Station in 1 MT
             Jumbo bags in trucks and used in wet form.
      The     complete    transportation    of    the    raw   materials    is   being   done   in   an
      environmentally compliant way. All due measures are being taken and shall
      continue even after expansion of the said project.


2.6 PLANT WATER SYSTEM
      2.6.1      WATER REQUIREMENT DURING CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
      There will be no construction activity being carried out during the expansion of the
      said project, since it is an expansion in the production capacity of the unit, by
      optimum utilization of the existing plant and machinery, as well as land area. The
      existing water requirements of the project is given below in Table No. 2.4


                                           TABLE NO. 2.4
                      WATER REQUIREMENT DURING ERECTION PHASE
                      (EXISTING WATER REQUIREMENT AT THE PLANT)

                                                          Existing Water Requirement
            Sr. No.      Particulars
                                                                     (KL/day)

            1.           Domestic                                      10.0

                         Construction Activities                           --

            2.           Industrial

                         a. Processing                            45.0 (40 + 5)*

                         b. Cooling                                        4.0

            3.           Other

                         Gardening                                         6.0

                                                 Total             65.0 (60+5)*



Note :
  *    : Out of total water requirement of 45 KL/day for processing, approximately 5



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                30
         KL/day of process water requirement is met by recycling of process wastewater.
         Thus, only 40 KL/day of fresh water is required to be added or used in the
         manufacturing process.


      2.6.2   WATER REQUIREMENT AFTER EXPANSION
      The total water requirement after the proposed expansion will be 95 KL/day. The
      detail of water requirement is shown in Table No. 2.4. The Industry is going to
      take water supply from Gujarat Infrastructure Limited for water requirement after
      the proposed expansion. Water balance diagram is shown in Figure No. 2.5.


                                      TABLE NO. 2.5
               WATER REQUIREMENT AFTER PROPOSED EXPANSION

                                                      Water Requirement
           Sr. No.    Particulars
                                                           (KL/day)

              1.      Domestic                                10.0

              2.      Industrial

                      a. Processing                        75 (70+5)*

                      b. Cooling (make-up)                     4.0

              3.      Other

                      Gardening                                6.0

                     Total(1+2+3)                          95 (90+5)*


Note :
  *    : Out of total water requirement of 75 KL/day for processing, approximately 5
         KL/day of process water requirement will be met by recycling of process
         wastewater. Thus, only 70 KL/day of fresh water will be required to be added or
         used in the manufacturing process. Please see Water Balance Diagram.


      2.6.3   WASTE WATER GENERATION
      Construction or Existing:
      There will be no construction activity being carried out during the expansion of the
      said project, since it is an expansion in the production capacity of the unit, by
      optimum utilization of the existing plant and machinery, as well as land area. Thus
      there will be no waste water generation due to construction activities. The domestic




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 31
    wastewater generated in the existing unit is 6 KL/Day from which is being treated
    in septic tank and soak pit system.


    Operation or After Expansion:
    The quantity of domestic wastewater generated from domestic purposes will be
    around 9 KL/day. Approximately 5 KL/Day of industrial waste water that will be
    generated will be recycled back into the closed system process. Thus, there will be
    no industrial wastewater generation. Wastewater generation is as shown in the
    Table No. 2.6


                                    TABLE NO. 2.6
                            WASTEWATER GENERATION

                                                Waste water generation
         Sr. No.    Particulars
                                                        (KL/day)

            1.      Domestic                                9*

            2.      Industrial

                    a. Processing                      5** (Recycled)

                    b. Cooling (make-up)                      -

            3.      Other

                    Gardening                                 -

                    Total(1+2+3)                             9



    * The domestic wastewater disposed of through septic tank / soak pit system
    ** Approximately 5 KL/day of waste water generated are recycled back in to the
    manufacturing process




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              32
                                   FIGURE NO. 2.4
                            WATER BALANCE DIAGRAM



                                          WATER
                                       CONSUMPTION
                                        90 KL/Day




        INDUSTRIAL                      GARDENING                       DOMESTIC
        74 KL /Day                       6 KL/Day                      10 KL /Day


                                              70 KL/Day



  COOLING                                PROCESS
                    5 KL/Day                                       TO SEPTIC TANK /
 (MAKEUP)                              75 KL/Day
                                                                   SOAK PIT SYSTEM
 4 KL/Day
                                                                      9 KL/Day




2.7 POLLUTION CONTROL ARRANGEMENTS
    2.7.1    AIR POLLUTION
    Types of air pollutants from Asbestos related activities are given in Table No. 2.7


                                    TABLE NO. 2.7
     TYPES OF AIR POLLUTANTS FROM ASBESTOS – RELATED ACTIVITIES

       Sources                                Pollutants

       Asbestos bag opening                   Fibrous dust (Fibre + SPM)

       Main Cement Silos, transfer lines      Cement Dust (SPM)

       Main Fly Ash Silos, transfer lines     Fly Ash Dust (SPM)

       Raw materials mixing                   Asbestos dust, Cement Dust,
                                              Fly Ash Dust & miscellaneous
                                              dust (Fibre + SPM)

       Pulverizing broken/rejected pieces     Mixed dust (Fibre + SPM)

       Cutting & finishing operation          SPM




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                33
    Major sources of air pollutants are process vents and utility. It may be noted that
    the whole process is a closed circuit system, thus pollution due to loading and
    uploading is very negligible. It may be noted that D. G. set is used only in case of
    power failure from Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Ltd. HSD is used for D. G. set as a
    fuel. The details of stack diameter, stack height, fuel details, probable pollutants
    and air pollution monitoring facility for all vents are given in following tables.


    Types of fuel and its consumption for the existing as well as for the proposed
    expansion are given in Table No. 2.8 and 2.9. It may be noted that there will be
    no increase in machinery as well as no increase in stacks after the said expansion
    of the project. The existing as well as proposed process emission source and their
    control system are given in Table no. 2.10 and 2.11


                                              TABLE NO. 2.8
                                          FUEL CONSUMPTION

              Sr. No. Description              Type of Fuel   Consumption

                 1         D. G. set              H. S. D.        0.1 KL / Hr. **


       Note            :
           **          : It may be noted that D. G. set will be used only in case of
                            power failure from Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Limited
                            (PGVCL), Anjar.


                                              TABLE NO. 2.9
                                       DETAILS OF FLUE GAS STACK

 Sr. No.        Stack Attached To                 Diameter (m)       Height from G.L. (m)

   1            D. G. set                             0.30                    13.0


 Note                : It may be noted that D. G. set is used only in case of power failure
                       from Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Limited (PGVCL), Anjar.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                         34
                                    TABLE NO. 2.10
                           DETAILS OF PROCESS VENTS

Sr.      Stack     Dia-    Height        Air            Air       Existing       GPCB limit
No.    Attached    meter   from       Pollution      Pollution    Pollutant
             To    (m)      G.L.       Control       Monitoring   concen-
                            (m)      Equipment        Facility     tration

                                                                  Asbestos
                                                                   Fibre as
      Fibre Dust                                                                Asbestos Fibre
                                                      Has been      Total
 1    Collector     0.3     15.0      Bag Filter                                as Total Dust:
                                                      provided      Dust:
      System                                                                      2 mg/Nm3
                                                                    1.36
                                                                  mg/Nm3

      Cement
      Dust                                            Has been    SPM: 124        SPM: 150
2                   0.4     15.0      Bag Filter                            3
      Collector                                       provided    mg/Nm            mg/Nm3
      System

      Fly Ash
      Dust                                            Has been    SPM: 118        SPM: 150
 3                  0.3     15.0      Bag Filter                            3
      Collector                                       provided    mg/Nm            mg/Nm3
      System
      Pulverizer
      Dust                                            Has been    SPM: 129        SPM: 150
 4                 0.25     15.0       Bag Filter                           3
      Collector                                       provided     mg/Nm           mg/Nm3
      System




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                             35
                                         TABLE NO. 2.11
                       DETAILS OF AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DEVICES

Sources              Control measures

Asbestos bag        The Raw Asbestos is received in 50 Kgs. Polyethylene woven bags. These
opening             bags are opened in a fully automatic bag Opening Device (BOD) with bag
                    shredder which completely avoids manual handling of either loose fibre or
                    fibre bag. The whole bag opening and shredding operations are enclosed
                    and are maintained under negative pressure with the help of bag filters and
                    a centrifugal fan. The fibre dust collector system is shown in Figure No.
                    2.2. The fibre bags cut open are being shredded into powder and mixed
                    with fibre so that no fibre particles sticking to bags will be let into the
                    atmosphere and same shall continue after expansion.

Cement Silos,       Cement is received in bulk in tankers and pumped into the Cement Silo,
transfer lines      weighed in hopper by automatic weighing scale & charged into Cement
                    Conveyor. The Cement Dust Collector System is shown in Figure No. 2.3.

Fly Ash Silos,      Fly Ash is received in bulk in tankers and pumped into Fly Ash Silo,
transfer lines      weighed in hopper by automatic weighing scale & charged into Fly Ash
                    Conveyor. The Fly Ash Dust Collector System is shown in Figure No. 2.3.

Raw materials The processing of the Asbestos is done in a totally closed Bag Opening
mixing              Device (BOD) and water is sprinkled immediately in the machine to arrest
                    any flying Asbestos fiber and same shall continue after expansion.

Pulverizing of      There is a provision of dust collectors for arresting any dust emanating in
broken /            the process of pulverizing and same shall continue after expansion.
rejected
pieces

Cutting &           There is a provision of dust collectors for arresting any dust emanating in
Finishing           the process of cutting & turning.
operation



         2.7.2      WATER POLLUTION
         There will not be any industrial wastewater discharge from the process, as the
         same is recycled in the process in a closed circuit even after the expansion of the
         project.


         Domestic Effluent will be disposed off through the Septic Tank / Soak Pit System.



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                    36
    2.7.3     NOISE POLLUTION
    The typical Noise levels at the various locations in the existing plant are given in
    Table No. 2.12
                                      TABLE NO. 2.12
          TYPICAL NOISE LEVELS OF EXISTING PLANT AND MACHINARY

    Sr.     Location                                             Noise Level

    No.                                                                dB (A)*

                                                             Day                 Night

            Permissible Limit                            < 75 dB (A)          <70 dB(A)

    1.      Near Outside office                              62.6                60.1

    2.      Near DG Set                                      70.1                68.4

    3.      Near Cement Sheet Plant                          74.6                69.5

    4.      Near Stripping Area                              73.5                69.6


    *Monitoring done on 17/07/2010
    The various sources of noise in industry have been identified as under.
     Pumps
     Machinery


    Equipment manufacturers indicate noise levels in the following range.


                                      TABLE NO. 2.13
                       TYPICAL NOISE LEVELS OF EQUIPMENTS

          Sr. No.   Name of Machinery /unit            Noise level [dB(A)]

             1.                    Pumps                       65-70

             2.                   Machinery                    75-78



    2.7.4     HAZARDOUS/SOLID WASTE GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT
    Details of the solid / hazardous wastes that will be generated from process as well
    as from pollution control facilities are given in Table No. 2.14


     1. The approximate quantity of broken sheets generated during the process will




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                    37
            be 8.7 MT/Month. These broken sheets will be pulverized and recycled in the
            closed circuit process.


         2. Approximately 0.5 MT/Month of dry waste collected from the dust collector
            system will be pulverized in ball mill in wet condition and this slurry will be
            recycled into the process.


                                         TABLE NO. 2.14
                    HAZARDOUS WASTE PRODUCED AFTER EXPANSION

Sr.                   Type of Waste                    Quantity/            Mode of disposal
no.                                                        Month
1      Waste Asbestos Consisting of Broken sheet           9.2 MT       Recycled in the closed
       and powder collected from cyclone separator                      circuit
2      Discarded Drums/Carboys                             4 Nos.       Sold       to     authorized
                                                                        recyclers
3      Waste Lubricating oil                               33 litre     Sold to authorized actual
                                                                        users



 2.8     FIRE FIGHTING ARRANGEMENTS
         Adequate numbers of fire fighting equipments and fire extinguishers have been
         installed as fire protection. Fire sand buckets have also been provided at various
         places. The details of the same are given below in Table. No. 2.15


                                         TABLE NO. 2.15
                               FIRE EXITINGUISHER DETAILS

 Sr.        Place        Extinguisher      Extinguisher      Nos.       Typical Applications
 No.                           Type            Name
 1      Transformer            BC             Carbon           1      Transformers,         Power
        Yard                                Dioxide Type              Generators, Ship Holds,
                                                                      Machinery            Spaces,
 2      VCB Panel              BC             Carbon           1
                                                                      Electrical        Equipment-
        Room                                Dioxide Type
                                                                      Alternators,        Chemical
                                                                      Works & Stores, Switch
                                                                      Rooms, Electric Movers,
                                                                      Solvent
 3      Power House            BC           Dry Powder         1      Burning liquid such as oil,




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                         38
4     DG Room                 BC            Dry Powder       1    petrol,       kerosene         &
      (Engine)                                                    burning   gases       such    as

5     DG Room                 BC            Dry Powder       1    butane, chloride & natural

      (Alternator)                                                propane, vinyl chloride &

6     Work Shop               BC            Dry Powder       1    natural   gases       &      live

7     Plant                   BC            Dry Powder       1    electrical equipment

      (Main Drive
      Panel)
8     Plant                   BC            Dry Powder       1
      (Air
      Compressor)
9     Stripping               AB             Mechanical      1    Burning solids, such as
      (Operator)                             Foam AFFF            paper,        wood,       fibres,
                                                Type              plastics & Oil, Kerosene,
10    Stripping               AB             Mechanical      1    Petrol etc.
      (Near                                  Foam AFFF
      Heating                                   Type
      Chamber)



2.9 POWER (FUEL AND ELECTRICITY)
     The industry gets power supply from Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Limited
     (PGVCL), Anjar. Total power requirement after the proposed expansion will be 1
     MW. The industry has also installed a D.G. set of 750 KVA capacity so as to meet
     the industrial power requirements only in case of power failure.


                                           Electricity

             Description           Quantity required after Proposed Expansion
                                                          MW

     Electricity *                                        1MW

     Stand by D. G. set**                        750 KVA capacity (1No.)


     Note:

     *    From Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Limited (PGVCL), Anjar.
     ** will be used only in case of power failure.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                          39
                                           Fuel

             Description                           Quantity required

   HSD (for D.G. Set)                                   0.1 KL/Hr




2.10 MAN POWER
      The increased capacity will be achieved with the existing man power. There may
      be increase in indirect manpower requirement which is very much available in the
      surrounding area.


      The existing man power during operation of the plant is as given below in Table
      No. 2.16 and 2.17


                                  TABLE NO. 2.16
                            MANPOWER SHIFT-WISE

           Shift                   Male                Female                 Total
      General & First               68                  NIL                    68
           Second                   24                  NIL                    24
           Third                    24                  NIL                    24
           Total                    116                 NIL                   116


                                  TABLE NO. 2.17
                              MAN POWER DETAILS

      Sr. No. Description        Position                            Manpower

      1.       Staff             Managerial                              3

                                 Technical personnel                     10

                                 Administrative, Accounts etc.           10

                                                         Total (1)       23

      2.       Workmen           Skilled                                 21

                                 Semi-skilled                            24

                                 Unskilled                               48

                                                         Total (2)       93

                                                   Total (1 + 2)        116




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 40
2.11 LAND DESCRIPTION
     The proposed expansion of the project is being carried out in the existing
     premises with optimum usage of the existing land area and the existing
     machinery; hence there is no extra land to be acquired for the said expansion.
     The detailed breakup of the land area is given in Table No. 2.18
                                       TABLE NO. 2.18
                           LAND BREAK-UP AFTER EXPANSION

                            Description               Area (m2)

                             Plant                        9000

                             Road                         6100

                             Greenbelt                   17000

                             Raw Material Storage         1200

                             Fuel Storage                 100

                             Finished goods              12000

                             Open Yard                    4780

                                              Total      50180



     Land use and land cover map of 10 Km from of the boundary of the project site
     with village location from EIC (Environmental Information Center) is attached as
     Annexure 2.1


2.12 GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT
     The development of Green Belt is an important aspect for any plant because:
        It acts as a 'Heat Sink'
        It improves the ambient air quality by controlling SPM in air.
        It helps in noise abatement for the surrounding area.
        It helps in settlement of new birds and insects within itself.
        It increases the aesthetic value of site.


     M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. has developed 9.7 m wide Green Belt having an area
     about 12300 m2 all around the boundary wall, and further more additional
     greenbelt area of 4700 m2 will be developed after the proposed expansion. The




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              41
     plant layout showing green belt after the proposed expansion is shown as Figure
     1.4 in Chapter – 1. Existing greenbelt consists of trees such as Neem, Pungai,
     Mango, Gulmohor, Banyan, Vagai, Subabel and Citrus present on the site. These
     trees have a high canopy cover effect and thus same will be grown in the
     proposed additional green belt area. The photographs showing Green belt of the
     company are shown in Annexure 9.1.



2.13 SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES
     In General:
    1.    The Ramco Group has established charitable and educational institutions with
          strength of over 7,655 students. The said institutions are as follows:

         Raja Charity Trust
         P. A.C. Ramasamy Raja Education Charity Trust
         Ramco Industrial Training Centre
         P. A. Chinniah Raja Memorial Higher Secondary School
         P. A.C.R. Ammani Ammal’s Girls Higher Secondary School
         Chinmaya Vidyalaya Junior And Infant School
         Chinmaya Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School
         P.A.C. Ramasamy Rajapolytechnic

    2.    The Ramco Group has established a number of Co-operative Credit Societies,
          Benevolent Fund and other Welfare Funds to help employees’ families meet
          their various needs. It also extends financial assistance for improving the
          quality and standard of their domestic life through modern domestic
          equipment.

    3.    The Ramco Group has given donation by way of cash / supply of Asbestos
          Sheets to Schools, Welfare Associations and Trusts, Temple and Area affected
          by flood/drought/earthquake.


     In Kutch district:
     Welfare Activities Done By M/S. Ramco Industries Ltd., for Kutch district:


     1.    The Ramco Group has given donation of Rs. 12,50,000 for Swami
           Viditanandji Ashram near Morbi at time of earthquake.
     2.    The Ramco Group has given donation of Rs. 12,50,000 for Ramkrishnan
           School Building at time of earthquake.



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              42
      3.    The Ramco Group has spent Rs. 6,00,000 for Asbestos Cement Sheets at
            time of earthquake.
      4.    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd has donated cash for temple pooja at Sinugra and
            construction of temple
      5.    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd has donated cooker and Gas stove to Aanganwadi
            school Sinugra, for mid day meals.
      6.    M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd has donated cash to purchase gift items to
            brilliant school children's of Sinugra Village.


      Welfare Activities for Employees:
      Statutory Scheme:
    1.     Contribution to EPF/ESI Accounts as per Statutory PF and ESI Rules.
    2.     Contribution to Gratuity Fund under the Payment of Gratuity Act.


      Non-Statutory Scheme:
     1.    All employees are covered under Medical Insurance for illness / disease /
           ailment as per Mediclaim Policies.
     2.    All Factory workers and staff are covered under Group Personal Accident
           Insurance.
     3.    Medical reimbursements are provided at one month basic + DA, per year.
     4.    All factories have canteen for the benefit of the workers at much subsidised
           prices to take care of their food requirement.
     5.    The staff and workers at factories are provided with residential quarters.
     6.    Workers salaries / bonus /allowances and non-cash benefits are paid as per
           the Wage Agreements with the workers Unions Periodically entered into by the
           Company.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                   43
2.14 CLEANER PRODUCTION
                                    TABLE NO. 2.19
                               CLEANER PRODUCTION
    Focus Area               Probability of Incorporation of Cleaner Production
                                                       Activity
Process Vessels       :   Raw materials are charged by automatic bag opening device in
                          closed circuit and water is then added in order to reduce the
                          dust emission from the process.
Storage Vessels       :   Storage of all products as well as raw materials is done in
                          enclosed godown and will be adequately lined with liner so as
                          to eliminate any chance of leakage of dust.
Control of reaction   :   Slurry is prepared of all the raw materials using water acting
                          as a reagent and all the raw materials are captured in the
                          liquid slurry form inside the closed circuit process.
Housekeeping          :   It would not be out of place to mention that we :
                           follow safe work procedures and the requirements of the
                              law
                           keep work areas clean
                           keep aisles clear
                           keep exits and entrances clear
                           keep floors clean, dry and in good condition
                           keep stack and store items safely
                           use proper waste containers
                           store all materials in approved, clearly labeled containers
                              in designated storage areas only
                           keep sprinklers and fire extinguishers clear
                           clean up spills and leaks of any type quickly and properly
                           keep lighting sources clean and clear
                           follow preventive and predictive maintenance
                           mark all pathways for movement of raw materials and
                              personnel etc.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               44
                                                                       CHAPTER-3
                              BASE-LINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS


3.1 INTRODUCTION
    Any industrial project may cause some environmental impacts on the surrounding
    environment. These impacts may be beneficial as well as detrimental. In order to
    know cumulative impacts due to the expansion of the existing project on the
    surrounding environment, it is very important to know the baseline environmental
    conditions that include following features.


      I     -   Air Environment
      II    -   Meteorology
      III   -   Water Environment
      IV    -   Noise
      V     -   Land Environment



3.2 STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS
   3.2.1 AIR QUALITY STANDARDS
   National Ambient Air Quality Standards are presented in Annexure – 3.1
   Permissible Limit for stack is given in Annexure – 3.4


   3.2.2 WATER QUALITY STANDARDS
   Standards for drinking water as prescribed by Indian Standard, IS 10500 are given
   in Annexure – 3.2


   3.2.3 NOISE QUALITY STANDARDS
   National Ambient Noise Quality Standards are presented in Annexure – 3.3
   Permissible Noise Exposure for Industrial Workers is given in Annexure – 3.5



3.3 AIR ENVIRONMENT
    The collection of base-line information for air environment includes identification of
    specific air pollutants being released into the atmosphere having significant impact
    on neighbourhood of an industrial project.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               45
   The Ambient Air Quality status with respect to the identified air pollutants across
   the study area of 10 Km radius from the site as well as within the factory premises
   forms the base line information. This has been done through Air Quality
   surveillance program. The sampling and testing of Ambient Air Quality parameters
   were carried out as per relevant parts of IS: 5182. The brief details of the testing
   procedures adopted are given in Table no. 3.1


                                    TABLE NO. 3.1
                            AAQ TESTING PROCEDURE
                                                                             Duration
 Parameter                       Testing Procedure                              of
                                                                             sampling
              Gravimetric method using Respirable Dust Sampler,
   RSPM
              (IS: 5182 Part IV 1973).
                                                                             24 hours
              Gravimetric method using high volume air samplers,
    SPM
              (IS : 5182 Part IV 1973)
              Absorption in dilute NaOH and then estimating
              Colorimetrically    with Sulphanilamide        and   N   (1-
    NOX
              Nepthyl)   Ethylene     Diamine    Dihydrochloride       and
              Hydrogen Peroxide, (IS: 5182 Part II: 1975)
                                                                              8 hours
              Absorption    in    Sodium    Tetra   Chloro    Mercurate
              followed     by    Colorimetric   estimation    using     P-
    SO2
              Rosaniline Hydrochloride and Formaldehyde, (IS:
              5182 Part II: 1969)


   The background air quality for the parameters i.e. Respirable Suspended
   Particulate Matter (RSPM), Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), Sulphur Dioxide
   (SO2), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) has been monitored.


   The monitoring for these parameters has been done at five (5) sampling sites
   during the winter of 2009.


   The Locations of Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations:
   The locations of AAQ stations were based on meteorology and available
   infrastructure facilities. These stations are the nearest inhabited localities around




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                   46
   the project site and are as described in Table No. 3.2 and shown in Figure – 3.1.
   Photographs showing AAQ monitoring are attached as Annexure – 3.6


                                    TABLE NO. 3.2
                 LOCATIONS OF AAQ MONITORING STATIONS
       Station       Name of the            Location         Aerial
         No.              Village            code*      Distance, Kms.
           1      Project Site                                 --
           2      Khambhara                   306              2.7
           3      Nagalpar                    305             2.55
           4      Anjar                        III            7.05
           5      Sinugra                     318              --


   *Based on Census of India 2001-District Census Handbook-Kutch-Series
   25 Gujarat; Part XII A & B




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                           47
       FIGURE – 3.1: LOCATIONS OF AAQ MONITORING STATIONS




                 Sign     Description
                          Ambient Air Sampling Location
                          Ambient Noise Sampling Location
                          Soil Sampling Location
                          Water Sampling Location




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                       48
                                     TABLE NO. 3.3
                             AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STATUS
Sr. N0.    Location            Concentration (µg/m3)          Permissible Limit (µg/m3)
                         Maximum Minimum 98th Percentile

                                             RSPM
  1.      Project Site    65.45     41.99           64.98                 100
  2.      Khambhara       48.94     48.94           48.94                 100
  3.      Nagalpar        41.34     41.34           41.34                 100
  4.      Anjar            77.3     77.3            77.3                  100
  5.      Sinugra         48.75     48.75           48.75                 100
                                             SPM
  1.      Project Site    158.23    139.16          157.84                200
  2.      Khambhara       168.51    157.62          168.29                200
  3.      Nagalpar        157.21     153.4          157.13                200
  4.      Anjar           223.58    200.83          223.13                200
  5.      Sinugra         160.9     152.62          160.73                200
                                             SO2
  1.      Project Site     9.69      8.85            9.67                 80
  2.      Khambhara        4.16      3.69            4.15                 80
  3.      Nagalpar         6.77      6.71            6.76                 80
  4.      Anjar            9.37      8.85            9.36                 80
  5.      Sinugra          6.71      5.2             6.68                 80
                                             NOx
  1.      Project Site    17.77     14.88           17.72                 80
  2.      Khambhara       18.61     12.97           18.50                 80
  3.      Nagalpar        17.29     15.95           17.27                 80
  4.      Anjar            19.4     19.36           19.40                 80
  5.      Sinugra         17.83     16.22           17.80                 80
                                             HC
  1.      Project Site    465.05    465.05          465.05               4000
  2.      Khambhara       419.20    419.20          419.20               4000
  3.      Nagalpar        687.75    687.75          687.75               4000
  4.      Anjar           576.40    576.40          576.40               4000
  5.      Sinugra         727.05    727.05          727.05               4000
                                             CO
  1.      Project Site    307.80    307.80          307.80               4000
  2.      Khambhara       273.60    273.60          273.60               4000
  3.      Nagalpar        467.40    467.40          467.40               4000
  4.      Anjar           364.80    364.80          364.80               4000
  5.      Sinugra         513.00    513.00          513.00               4000


       The results indicate that the AAQ within 10 km radius of the project site is within
       the National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ) Standards for Industrial areas published
       by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) which are given in Annexure- 3.1



3.4 METEOROLOGY
       Meteorological conditions at the site regulate the transport and diffusion of air-
       pollutants released into the atmosphere. Ambient temperature, wind speed, wind
       direction and atmospheric stability are called primary or basic meteorological


 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                49
   parameters because the dispersion and diffusion of pollutants depend mainly on
   these parameters. Relative humidity, precipitation, pressure and visibility are
   secondary meteorological parameters as these indirectly control the dispersion of
   the pollutants by affecting primary parameters.


  3.4.1     PRIMARY METEOROLOGICAL DATA
  The Meteorological Station was set-up near the project site. Readings were taken
  by using a Wind Monitor - WM 300 at an hourly interval and the findings are given
  in Table No. 3.4
                                 TABLE NO. 3.4
                 TYPICAL ON-SITE METEOROLOGICAL DATA
                   Time                          Standard        Wind Speed
      Day                      Dir (Deg.)
                 (HH:MM)                      Deviation (Deg)     (km/hr)
                     11:00        217.4              14             15.1
                     13:00        210.9              14.4           16.8
                     14:00        212.2              19.1           15.1
                     15:00        220.3              15.5           14.9
                     16:00        221.4              15.2           14.6
       1             17:00        234.1              16.6           13.2
                     18:00        234.9              24.1           12.1
                     19:00        226.4              9.6            12.6
                     20:00        239.7              8.4            10.7
                     21:00        244.3              7.7             9.2
                     22:00        239.6              8.1             8.4
                     23:00        239.4               7              7.5
       2             0:00         232.7              8.2             7.1
                     1:00         218.8              8.6             9.1
                     2:00         214.7              5.4            10.8
                     3:00         227.6              10.6            7.4
                     4:00         239.3              7.7             3.9
                     5:00         236.6              16.4            1.3
                     6:00          7.9               56              0.7
                     7:00         24.3               14.5             1
                     8:00         13.9               22.1             1
                     9:00         310                93.8            1.6
                     10:00        178.6              39.1            6.1
                     11:00        204.7              17.9            8.6
                     12:00        187.2              36              7.1
                     14:00        205.6              18.2           12.5




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                           50
                15:00       204.2       17.1   12.5
                16:00       206.6       16.3   13.2
                17:00       208.1       16.3   11.5
                18:00       217.5       19.4   11.4
                19:00       237.8       12.6   9.3
                20:00       242.4       7.1    6.1
                21:00       251.3       7.1    8.5
                22:00       251.9       7.6    6.7
                23:00       249.4       7.7    5.8
                0:00        250.4       7.8    4.7
                1:00        255.4        4     3.9
                2:00        271.8       9.6    2.3
                3:00        279.2       11.7   3.9
                4:00        272.1       16.2    2
                5:00        359.8       22.9   0.1
                6:00        30.7        11.5    0
                7:00        351.9       43.5   0.2
                8:00        313.9       20.4   0.5
                9:00        252.5       17.9   6.5
                11:00       207.8       20.2   9.3
                12:00       202.8       23.1   8.7
       3
                13:00       193.1       35.8   8.2
                14:00       199.5       18.9   8.7
                15:00       183.2       34.9   8.6
                16:00       196.6       21.9   9.4
                17:00       236.1       9.4    10
                18:00       248.4       9.7    8.5
                19:00       243.6       7.7    8.2
                21:00       245.7       8.4    7.6
                22:00       257.8       11.6   5.8
                23:00       255.4       4.3     5
       4        0:00        264.1       12.5   3.1
                1:00        264.9       11.7   3.1
                2:00        306.3       13.7   3.5
                3:00        339.8       26.6   2.2
                4:00        20.4        15.2   1.4
                5:00        79.6        80.1   0.8
                6:00        110.2       64     0.4
                7:00        47.5        12     0.8




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                 51
                8:00        36.3        20.5     1
                9:00        46.9        33.7    1.4
                10:00       60.9        73.6    2.2
                11:00       269.2       74.3    2.5
                12:00        266        92.5     3
                13:00        106        102.8   4.7
                14:00       208.3       52.6    6.1
                15:00       177.6       36.8    7.1
                16:00       185.9       31.5    9.3
                17:00       199.6       15.1    12.8
                18:00       215.2       16.4    13.7
                19:00       243.2       14.3    11.1
                20:00       250.8        10     8.4
                21:00       253.9        5.6    6.5
                22:00       301.5       10.4    3.9
                23:00       289.1        6.3    5.6
       5        0:00        319.5       20.3    3.9
                1:00        326.6       12.8    2.7
                2:00        311.2        8.4    3.1
                3:00         303        11.5    3.9
                4:00        306.9        6.6    6.1
                5:00        23.2        66.9    2.8
                6:00        175.7        88     0.5
                7:00        281.9       11.4    1.5
                8:00        133.4       84.1    1.3
                9:00        225.8       77.7    2.4
                10:00       292.7        14     5.2
                11:00       299.5       22.6    5.4
                12:00        296        34.3    5.2
                13:00       272.5        47     4.1
                14:00       232.3       64.9    4.8
                15:00       244.3       25.6    8.1
                16:00       221.7       38.9    7.9
                17:00       189.9        27     11.7
                18:00       196.5        13     12.7
                19:00       209.2       11.1    8.6
                20:00       238.3        6.8    4.1
                21:00       255.1       11.8    4.2
                22:00       252.3       15.9    3.4




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                  52
                  23:00          253.8      11.2            2.5
                   0:00          255.9      14.6            2.9
                   1:00          254.7       6              3.4
                   2:00              259    15.5            2.8
                   3:00          295.1      26.6            2.2
                   4:00          319.9      14.3            2.4
                   5:00          331.1      31.1            1.8
                   6:00          164.7      37.5            0.6
                   7:00          157.7      85.5            0.8
                   8:00          268.4       17             3.1
                   9:00          314.8      33.5            2.6
                  10:00          335.3      41.1            3.4
       6          11:00          242.7      21.5            1.2
                  12:00          266.2      81.9            2.8
                  13:00              301     39              5
                  14:00          274.7      44.1            7.1
                  16:00          228.8      55.8            6.5
                  17:00          202.8      27.9            10
                  18:00          202.1       9              12
                  19:00          195.6      5.9             8.4
                  20:00          198.9      4.6             7.1
                  21:00          207.7      12.2            4.5
                  22:00          247.6      20.6             3
                  23:00          264.6      10.5            3.8
                   0:00          283.3      5.9             5.6
                   1:00          294.4       9              4.7
                   2:00              299    22.2            2.9
                   3:00          301.7      66.4            0.4
                   4:00          312.8      15.4            2.6
       7           5:00          284.8      14.2            2.8
                   6:00          288.6       20             1.7
                   7:00          282.1      30.9            1.6
                   8:00          319.3      36.8            1.5
                   9:00          315.9      11.3            4.8
                  10:00          325.2      13.3            5.5


  The monthly highest and lowest temperature and maximum and minimum wind
  speed as per IMD are as follows.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                53
                                  TABLE NO. 3.5
           MONTHLY VARIATION OF TEMPERATURE AND WIND SPEED
                                   (AS PER IMD)

         Month              Highest                Lowest              Mean Wind
                                       0                     0
                       Temperature ( C)      Temperature ( C)       Speed (km/hr)
 January                      31.0                   11.6                  8.1
 February                     35.8                   14.3                  10.3
 March                        38.8                   18.3                  15.3
 April                        41.1                   21.3                  22.3
 May                          42.7                   21.7                  23.4
 June                         41.5                   22.9                  17.3
 July                         35.2                   22.8                  14.6
 August                       34.1                   22.9                  12.7
 September                    34.3                   22.7                  10.7
 October                      33.6                   19.4                  8.5
 November                     32.3                   14.8                  8.0
 December                     30.5                   11.7                  7.2


   Wind direction determines the direction of transport of air pollutants. The mean
   wind direction indicates the direction of travel of the pollutants. Wind Rose Diagram
   has been prepared using the Wind Monitor – WM 300 data for the Pre Monsoon
   season and has been shown in Figure - 3.2. Data format for preparing the wind
   rose diagram is as given in the Table No. 3.6


   Annual Wind Rose Diagram as per the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)
   data for Bhuj is shown in Figure - 3.3. Data for the same is given in Table – 3.7




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               54
                                                    TABLE NO. 3.6
                                               ON-SITE WIND DATA
CALM: 19.1 %

                                                                  Wind Speed Range
                  Angle Range
  Direction                                                                                 < 28.8
                     (Deg)        < 1.8 km/h    < 3.6 km/h   < 7.2 km/h   < 14.4 km/h                       Total
                                                                                            km/h
    NNE         11.25 - 33.75     4 - 2.87%      1- 0.71%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     1.0 - 0.71%
     NE         33.75 - 56.25     3 - 2.15%      0 - 0.0%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     0.0 - 0.0%
    ENE         56.25 - 78.5      0 - 0.0%       1- 0.71%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     1.0 - 0.71%
     E          78.5 - 101.25     1 - 0.71%      0 - 0.0%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     0.0 - 0.0%
    ESE         101.25-123.75     1 - 0.71%      0 - 0.0%     1- 0.71%     0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     1.0 - 0.71%
     SE         123.75 - 146.25   1 - 0.71%      0 - 0.0%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     0.0 - 0.0%
    SSE         146.25 - 168.75   2 - 1.43%      0 - 0.0%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     0.0 - 0.0%
     S          168.75 - 191.25   1 - 0.71%      0 - 0.0%     3- 2.15%     3- 2.15%        0 - 0.0%     6.0 - 4.31%
    SSW         191.25 - 213.75   0 - 0.0%       0 - 0.0%     3- 2.15%     16- 1.5%        2 - 1.43%   21.0 - 15.1%
     SW         213.75 - 236.25   0 - 0.0%       1- 0.71%     3- 2.15%     10-7.19%        3 - 2.15%    17.0 -12.2%
    WSW         236.25 - 258.75   2 - 1.43%      5- 3.59%     12- .63%     12- .63%        0 - 0.0%    29.0 - 20.8%
                                                                                                       13.0 –
     W          258.75 - 218.5    0 - 0.0%       9- 6.47%     4- 2.87%     0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%    9.35%
                                                                                                          12.0 –
    WNW         218.5 - 303.75    4 - 2.87%      3- 2.15%     9- 6.47%     0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%       8.63%
    NW          303.75 - 326.25   3 - 2.15%      5 - 3.59%   4 - 2.87%     0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     9.0 - 6.47%
    NNW         326.25 - 348.75   0 - 0.0%      4 - 2.87%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     4.0 - 2.87%
     N          348.75 - 11.25    3 - 2.15%      0 - 0.0%    0 - 0.0%      0 - 0.0%        0 - 0.0%     0.0 - 0.0%



                     TABLE No. 3.7 : INDIAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT (IMD)
                                      ANNUAL WIND DATA FOR BHUJ
                                                                          Direction
  Wind Speed Range (Km/Hour)
                                                N      NE     E      SE      S       SW       W        NW     Calm
  Morning Calm: 16% (1-61)                      3       2     1       1      3        26      22       7       35
  Evening Calm: 1% (1-61)                       13     17     2       2      3        24      25       9        5




              EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                    55
             FIGURE – 3.2: ON-SITE WIND-ROSE DIAGRAM




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                  56
  FIGURE – 3.3: ANNUAL WIND ROSE DIAGRAM FOR BHUJ – AS PER IMD




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                            57
        3.4.2   SECONDARY METEOROLOGICAL DATA
        The data for secondary meteorological parameters namely humidity, vapour
        pressure and rainfall have been taken from Book of Climatological Tables of
        Observations in India 1951-1980 by India Meteorological Department (IMD). The
        presented data are for IMD station Bhuj.


        Relative Humidity and Vapour Pressure:
        Morning and Evening Mean Monthly Relative Humidity (%) and Vapour Pressure
        (hPa) data for Bhuj station is given in the Table No. 3.8


                                       TABLE NO. 3.8
          AVERAGE MONTHLY RELATIVE HUMIDITY AND VAPOUR PRESSURE
                      Relative Humidity (%)                  Vapour Pressure (hPa)
                                         Evening
   Month             Morning                                Morning          Evening
                                       (at 17:30,
                 (at 08:30, IST)                        (at 08:30, IST)   (at 17:30, IST)
                                          IST)
January                 66                  28                 9.5              8.9
February                66                  25                11.9              9.3
March                   64                  23                16.4             11.2
April                   64                  25                21.9             14.8
May                     70                  37                27.8             22.1
June                    76                  54                31.5             29.0
July                    82                  66                31.5             30.0
August                  85                  69                30.2             29.2
September               83                  58                28.4             26.0
October                 71                  34                22.5             17.0
November                65                  31                15.3             12.8
December                67                  31                10.9             10.8
Yearly
                        72                  40                21.5             18.4
Average


 Source: Climatological Tables of Observatories in India 1951 – 1980 by Indian
 Meteorological Department (IMD).




   EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              58
                                                       FIGURE- 3.4



                                                                                Humidity morning
                                              Relative Humidity                 Humidity evening
                         90

                         80
 Relative Humidity (%)




                         70

                         60

                         50

                         40

                         30

                         20

                         10

                          0




                                               Month of the year



                     Based on above stated data one could conclude that Relative Humidity is generally
                     high during the period from July to September.


                     Rainfall
                     The Rainfall data collected at Bhuj Station are presented in the Table No. 3.9


                                                    TABLE NO. 3.9
                                      AVERAGE MONTHLY RAINFALL AS PER IMD
                                           Monthly Total         No. of Rainy      Heaviest fall in 24
                              Month
                                               (mm)                   Days            Hours (mm)
January                                          2.0                  0.3                  14.5
February                                         1.1                  0.1                  61.5
March                                            2.9                  0.2                  42.2
April                                            0.7                  0.1                  67.1
May                                              1.7                  0.1                 186.9
June                                            33.9                  1.6                 129.8
July                                           136.3                  6.0                 467.9
August                                         120.7                  4.7                 241.4
September                                       54.2                  2.8                 170.2




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                 59
 October                       15.4                   0.8                  118.6
 November                       7.7                   0.5                  55.4
 December                       1.6                   0.2                  36.8
 Annual total                 413.6                  17.4                 467.9
 Number of Years                29                    29                    99


   Based on above stated data one could conclude that rainy season in the Bhuj
   region extends from June to September and high rainfall is seen in the month of
   July & August.


3.5 WATER ENVIRONMENT
   Water is the most vital resource for all kinds of life. It should not only be available
   in sufficient quantity but also should be of good quality as well. Defilement of
   water, as a result of human and industrial activities and consequent pollution of
   water causes deterioration of the environment. Water is basically used for slurry
   formation only, at Ramco Industries Ltd. The main source of water supply at the
   project site is nearby Gujarat Infrastructure Limited.


   M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. is using water from Narmada Project through Gujarat
   Infrastructure Limited (GIL). Since after the proposed expansion, additional water
   will be used from the same source, it would not affect the ground water table of the
   area. Underground water samples are collected from various locations in the study
   area. The locations are shown in below Figure 3.4




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               60
                FIGURE 3.5        WATER SAMPLING LOCATIONS




                                                                      Tapar



    N                                                  Lakhapar
                                                                           Bhimasar


                                             Satapar              Ajapar


                                Nagalpar

               Khambhara
                                            Anjar


                 Project Site


                                Sinugra




                   Sign           Description
                                  Ambient Air Sampling Location
                                  Ambient Noise Sampling Location
                                  Soil Sampling Location
                                  Water Sampling Location


  Physico-Chemical parameters of the collected samples are analyzed to determine
  the baseline quality of underground water. The results are depicted in Table No.
  3.10. The Drinking Water Standards as per IS 10500 (1991) are given in
  Annexure 3.2


  All samples were collected, preserved and analyzed as per APHA / IS methods.


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 61
                                                                     TABLE NO. 3.10
                                                     PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER

                         A
                                   B        C                D          E       F         G            H          I         J        K
     Parameter        Project
                              Khambhara Nagalpar            Anjar    Sinugra Bhimasar Ajapar (W) Ajapar (Lake) Satapar   Lakhpar   Tapar
                       Site
    pH                 7.26      6.85     7.63               7.50     7.35     8.43      7.46        8.66       8.83       7.7     7.6
    Colour              5.0       9.0      7.5               N.D      N.D      5.0       8.0         15.0        5.0       CLS     CLS
    Total Dissolved
                          860.00     2110.00       922.0    786.00   548.00   1104.0    4294.0     12518.0      650.0     1488     1352
    Solids
    Suspended
                           6.00       36.00        14.00    10.00     8.00     22.0      96.0        300.0      18.0      N.D.     N.D.
    Solids
    COD                    N.D        N.D           N.D      N.D      N.D      5.0       4.0         33.50       N.D.     N.D.     N.D.
    BOD                    N.D        N.D           N.D      N.D      N.D      2.0       N.D.         5.0        N.D.     N.D.     N.D.
    Chloride as Cl        222.77     614.66        281.77   199.66   149.97   440.7     1485.9      5907.0      263.5     429      392
    Nitrate as N-
                           4.52        1.82        0.225     5.51     0.59     0.05      0.06        N.D.       N.D.       4.1      3.3
    NO3
    Total
                          325.00     615.00        265.00   300.00   210.00   325.0     1485.0      1335.0      165.0      401     456
    hardness
    Ammonical
                           N.D         N.D          N.D      N.D      N.D      N.D.      N.D.        N.D.       N.D.      N.D.     N.D.
    Nitrogen
    Sulphate              59.97      371.28        137.65   75.58     32.56   128.52     42.84       759.2      43.31     1.6      1.3
    Fluoride               0.89       0.92          0.67    0.79      0.59     0.55      0.82         0.35      0.59      1.3      1.6
    Sodium                129.00     298.00        131.00   79.00     52.00    126.0     675.0      3229.0      39.0      N.D.     N.D.
    Potassium              2.02       3.27          2.15    1.95      1.92     2.10       3.0         7.50       N.D.     N.D.     N.D.
    Oil & Grease           N.D        N.D           N.D      N.D       N.D      N.D.      N.D.        1.0        N.D.     N.D.     N.D.



               Note:       All parameters except pH are expressed in mg/lit
                      :    Color in pt.co.unit
                      :    N.D. = Not Detectable




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                                     62
Key:

   A        Project Site                          -        Well
   B        Khambhara Village                     -        Well

   C        Nagalpar Village                      -        Well

   D        Anjar Village                         -        Well

   E        Sinugra Village                       -        Well

       F    Bhimasar Village                      -        Tapper jack well

   G        Ajapar Village                        -        Well

   H        Ajapar Village                        -        Ghodasar lake

       I    Satapar Village                       -        Dam

       J    Lakhpar Village                       -        Ground Water

   K        Tapar Village                         -        Ground Water



       3.6 NOISE ENVIRONMENT
              Noise, often defined as unwanted sound, interferes with speech communication,
              causes annoyance, distracts from work, and disturbs sleep thus deteriorating quality
              of human environment.


              Noise levels in the study area have been measured at selected locations to describe
              the existing baseline situation and the same are depicted in Table No. 3.11. The
              National Ambient Noise Quality Standards are given in Annexure-3.3. Also the
              permissible noise exposure for industrial workers is given in Annexure-3.5


                                              TABLE NO. 3.11
                                  NOISE LEVEL IN THE STUDY AREA
               Location            Class          Day Time dB(A)               Night Time dB(A)
                                                Maximum           Minimum     Maximum   Minimum
        Project Site            Industrial            65             56         58         50
        Khambhara Village       Residential           58             56         51         50
        Nagalpar Village        Residential           61             52         54         50
        Anjar Village           Commercial            60             58         54         52
        Sinugra Village         Residential           68             55         61         52
       Day time (6 a.m. to 9 p.m.)
       Night time (9 p.m. to 6 a.m.)

           EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                  63
FIGURE-3.6: GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF NOISE LEVELS IN THE STUDY
                                AREA DURING DAY TIME AND DURING NIGHTTIME



                                                       Day Time
                          100
                          90
                          80
                          70
      Noise level in dB




                          60
                          50
                          40
                          30
                          20
                          10
                           0
                                 Ramco   Khambhara   Nagalpur         Anjar   Sinugra
                                                                                        Maximum
                                                                                        Minimum
                                                           Location                     standard



  4

                                                      Night Time
                          100
                          90
                          80
                          70
      Noise level in dB




                          60
                          50
                          40
                          30
                          20
                          10
                           0
                                 Ramco   Khambhara   Nagalpur         Anjar   Sinugra
                                                                                        Maximum
                                                                                        Minimum
                                                           Location                     standard




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                              64
3.7      LAND ENVIRONMENT
         The soil of an area has a direct / indirect effect on the plants and animals. Any
         industrial activity is accompanied by releases of gaseous and liquid pollutants and
         disposal of solid wastes, which may have adverse impacts on the characteristics of
         soil, which in turn may affect the plant and animal lives.


         It may be noted that we are going for expansion of the existing unit and thus no
         construction activity will be done. The soil samples were collected (at a depth of 15
         cm) from different places in the study area as shown in Figure - 3.4. Large
         stones, gravels and plant roots were removed from soil. The soil was then crushed
         and water suspension was prepared. The supernatant was then subjected to
         physico-chemical analysis. Standard procedures were followed for analysis. The
         results of analysis are tabulated in Table No. 3.12


                                       TABLE NO. 3.12
                         PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL
                        Moisture    Nitrogen         Total                        Sodium
                                                                  Potassium
 Location        pH     Content       as N        Phosphorus                    Absorption
                                                                  as K (%)
                          (%)         (%)          as P (%)                     Ratio (%)
Project Site    8.45      6.52        0.024          0.029            0.0052       3.92
Khambhara       7.90      5.27        0.015          0.031            0.0037       4.58
Nagalpar        8.50      6.20        0.029          0.022            0.0065       4.69
Anjar           8.10      5.80        0.036          0.021            0.0074       3.90
Sinugra         7.90      4.97        0.026          0.047            0.0084       6.52


        4.1.1   LAND USE PATTERN OF STUDY AREA BY USING DISTRICT CENSUS
                DATA
        The study area up to 10 km radius from the project site comprises of rural villages of
        Anjar Taluka and Anjar urban area. The locations of these villages are shown in the
        Figure –3.1 (as per District Census Handbook-Kutch)


        The important land uses as classified by the District Census records are the Forest,
        Land irrigated by different water sources, Unirrigated areas, Cultivable waste land
        and area not available for cultivation.   The land distribution data have been taken
        from Gujarat Village Dictionary, Census of India, 2001.




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                    65
           Land distribution in the study area as well as percentage distribution of each
           category is as given in the Table No. 3.13.      Graphical representation of percent
           distribution as per land use is as shown in the Figure – 3.6.


                                          TABLE NO. 3.13
                                       LAND DISTRIBUTION

                            Land Use (i.e. area under different types of land
                                            use in hectares)                              Total area
Sr.    Name of                                                                                 of
No.    villages                     Irrigated                  Cultivable     Area not      village
                                                     Un-
                       Forest           by                      Waste       available for (Hectares)
                                                  Irrigated
                                     Source                      Land        Cultivation
                                          TALUKA: ANJAR
                                   WE(205.7)
                                   TWE(44.6)
1        Ningal        724.7                        959.1         149.1         442.6         2734.2
                                   TK(208.5)
                                    T(458.9)
2      Maringana         -              -            90.8           8.1         121.2          220.1
                                   WE(26.0)
3       Bhadroi          -          O(10.1)         231.7          85.9          12.8          366.5
                                     T(36.1)
                                   WE(101.2)
                                    TK(4.5)
4       Sapera           -                          147.4         163.0         604.5         1099.5
                                    O(78.9)
                                    T(184.7)
                                  TWE(129.5)
5     Nagalpar Nani      -                           98.0            -           82.4          309.8
                                    T(129.5)
                                   WE(40.2)
6     Nagalpar Moti      -         TWE(75.2)        353.7         179.0         334.4          982.4
                                    T(115.3)
                                  TWE(101.2)
7         Vidi           -                          342.0            -          247.3          690.4
                                    T(101.2)
                                  TWE(293.0)
8       Sinugra          -                             -           70.8         793.0         1156.7
                                    T(293.0)
                                  TWE(461.3)
9      Khambhara      1000.0                         65.1         158.5         439.1         2124.0
                                    T(461.3)
                                  TWE(242.8)
                                    TK(7.0)
10       Pantiya        2.0                          48.1          62.6         146.7          521.0
                                    O(11.8)
                                    T(261.6)
                                   WE(439.0)
11       Khedoi        592.2                        1558.6       1078.5         734.0         4402.3
                                    T(439.0)
12      Mindhiala        -              -           278.8          58.7         225.6          563.0
13      Devaliya         -              -            1595         155.7         616.6         2367.3
14     Kumbhariya        -              -           1322.7         99.8         175.6         1608.0
15      Anjar City           As Anjar is a well-developed city, there are hardly any farmlands
         Total        2318.9        2480.5           7091        2269.7        4975.8        19145.2




        EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              66
                                          TABLE NO. 3.14
                        PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION AS PER LAND USE
        Sr. No.                        Category                           % Distribution
           1.     Forest                                                         12.12
           2.     Irrigated                                                      12.96
           3.     Unirrigated                                                    37.03
           4.     Cultivable Waste Land                                          11.86
           5.     Area not available for cultivation                             25.99



Source: Village level amenities data, Gujarat Village Dictionary, Census of India 2001.


                                            FIGURE – 3.7




                                Land Distribution
                                                                        Forest


                                                   12%                  Irrigated
                  26%
                                                              13%
                                                                        Unirrigated


                                                                        Cultivable Waste
                12%                                                     Land
                                                   37%                  Area not available
                                                                        for cultivation




     3.7.2 LAND USE PATTERN AS PER REMOTE SENSING STUDY
            Environmental Information Centre (EIC), New Delhi, studied Land use pattern,
            covering a study area of 10 km radius, based on Remote Sensing data obtained
            from National Remote Sensing Agency.       EIC has been conceived by Ministry of
            Environment & Forests (MoEF) as a clearing house of environmental information.




       EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 67
     Method of data preparation:
     The land use / land cover has been presented in the form of a map prepared by
     using the IRS – 1D LISS-III data (November 2006), procured from the National
     Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA), Hyderabad.             The satellite data has been
     processed using ERDAS Imagine software supported with ground checks and
     ground truth verification by qualified and experienced professionals.


     Area and distance calculations have been carried out using GIS software after geo-
     referencing the interpreted data with the help of Soil topographical maps of the
     scale   1:50,000.


     Land use pattern:
     A map depicting major land use / land cover classes comprising lands under
     agriculture, fallow land, Industrial Area, Water Body, Open / degraded/ marshy
     vegetation; lands falling under scrubs, open/barren lands and lands occupied by
     inhabitations is attached as Annexure 2.1. Percentage distribution of the same is
     presented in Table No. 3.15 & attached as Figure – 3.6


                                   TABLE NO. 3.15
                   AREA STATISTICS OF LANDUSE/LANDCOVER MAP

                                           Area            Area
Sr.No.   Class Name                                                      Percentage
                                       (Hectares)       (Sq. Km.)
1        Water Body                   314.13           3.14           1.00
2        Open/Barren Land             9811.63          98.12          31.28
3        Agriculture Land             3311.06          33.11          10.55
4        Fallow Land                  14098.94         140.99         44.94
5        Open/Degraded Vegetation     708.00           7.08           2.26
6        Scrubs                       154.31           1.54           0.49
7        River & Canal                171.81           1.72           0.55
8        Settlement & Habitation      1372.69          13.73          4.38
9        Stony Waste/Rocky Area       344.69           3.45           1.10
10       Industrial Area              173.25           1.73           0.55
11       Miscellaneous                812.25           8.12           2.59
12       Seasonal Water Body          10.69            0.11           0.03
13       Airport                      87.19            0.87           0.28
         Total                        31370.63         313.71         100.00



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 68
                    FIGURE – 3.8: LAND USE PATTERN (AS PER EIC)




                             Landuse/Landcover Classification
                             0%        0%
                            3%                                     Water Body
               1%         1%                                       Open/Barren Land
                          1%           1%
               0%                                                  Agriculture Land
                     4%
            2%                                                     Fallow Land
                                                        31%
                                                                   Open/Degraded Vegetation
                                                                   Scrubs
                                                                   River & Canal
                                                                   Settlement & Habitation
                                                                   Stony Waste/Rocky Area
         45%                                                       Industrial Area
                                                  11%
                                                                   Miscellaneous
                                                                   Seasonal Water Body
                                                                   Airport




3.8   BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
      Environmental Information Centre (EIC), New Delhi, has provided ecology data for
      the study area. EIC has been conceived by Ministry of Environment and Forests
      (MoEF) as a clearing house of environmental information.


      According to Rodgers and Pawan (1988) classification, India is divided into 10
      distinct biogeographic zones and further into 26 biotic provinces, based on its
      biogeography.       Out of this, Gujarat has representation of four bio-geographic
      zones and five biotic provinces. Anjar taluka of Kutch district falls under Zone 3.
      The Indian Desert: Province 3A – Kutch


      Kutch can be divided into four distinct regions: (i) The desert of the Great Rann, to
      the North, (ii) The Grasslands of Banni, (iii) Mainland, consisting of plains, hills and
      dry river beds and (iv) Coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south with mangrove
      creeks to the west.


      The area is not ecologically sensitive as; much of the area is agriculture/fallow
      land. The study area is devoid of Reserved Forest /Protective Forest. The area is
      also devoid of any noteworthy tree growth. The shrubby land is interspersed with
      patches of grasses.



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                        69
                             TABLE NO. 3.16
                      FLORA IN THE STUDY AREA

          Sr.No.      Plant species                  Family
           1.      Acacia leucophloea       Fabaceae
           2.      Acacia nilotica          Mimosaceae

            3.     Acacia senegal           Mimosaceae

            4.     Asparagus dumosus        Liliaceae
            5.     Balanites aegyptiaca     Balanitaceae
            6.     Bergia odorata           Elatinaceae
            7.     Borassus flabellifer     Arecaceae
            8.     Cadaba fruticosa         Capparaceae
            9.     Calotropis procera       Asclepiadaceae
            10.    Capparis decidua         Capparaceae
            11.    Capparis grandis         Capparaceae
            12.    Cassia auriculata        Fabaceae
            13.    Commiphora wightii       Burseraceae
            14.    Cyperus                  Cyperaceae
                   conglomeratus
            15.    Cyperus pangorei         Cyperaceae
            16.    Desmostachya             Poaceae
                   bipinnata
            17.    Dichanthium              Poaceae
                   aristatum
            18.    Eleusine coracana        Poaceae
            19.    Ephedra foliata          Ephedraceae
            20.    Euphorbia caducifolia    Euphorbiaceae
            21.    Euphorbia neriifolia     Euphorbiaceae
            22.    Euphorbia nivulia        Euphorbiaceae
            23.    Fagonia critica          Malvaceae
            24.    Ficus bengalensis        Moraceae
            25.    Halopyrum                Poaceae
                   mucronatum
            26.    Launaea sarmentosa       Asteraceae
            27.    Oldenlandia              Rubiaceae
                   umbellata
            28.    Orobanchus                Orobanchaceae
            29.    Prosopis juliflora        Fabaceae
            30.    Roccella montona          Roccellaceae
            31.    Striga                    Scrophulariaceae
            32.    Tamarix                   Tamaricaceae
            33.    Tamarix dioica            Tamaricaceae
            34.    Zizyphus nummularia       Rhamnaceae
                              Associated   flora
            35.    Arthrocnemum              Chenopodiaceae
                   indicum
            36.    Atriplex stocksii        Plumbaginaceae
            37.    Cenchrus setigerus       Poaceae
            38.    Clerodendrum inerme      Verbenaceae



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                           70
            39.    Cressa cretica         Convolvulaceae
            40.    Cyperus arenarius      Cyperaceae
            41.    Cyperus rotundus       Cyperaceae
            42.    Indigofera cordifolia  Fabaceae
            43.    Ipomoea pes-caprae     Convolvulaceae
            44.    Porteresia coarctata   Poaceae
            45.    Spinifex littoreus     Poaceae
            46.    Sporobolus             Poaceae
                   maderaspatanus
            47.    Sporobolus             Poaceae
                   marginatus
            48.    Sporobolus virginicus Poaceae
            49.    Urochondra setulosa    Poaceae
                                  Mangroves
            50.    Acanthus ilicifolius   Acanthaceae
            51.    Aegiceras              Myrsinaceae
                   corniculatum
            52.    Aegiceras majus        Verbenaceae
            53.    Aeluropus lagopoides Poaceae
            54.    Avicennia alba         Acanthaceae
            55.    Avicennia marina       Acanthaceae
            56.    Avicennia officinalis  Acanthaceae
            57.    Bruguiera cylindrica   Rhizophoraceae
            58.    Bruguiera              Rhizophoraceae
                   gymnorrhiza
            59.    Bruguiera parviflora   Rhizophoraceae
            60.    Ceriops candolleana    Rhizophoraceae
            61.    Ceriops decandra       Rhizophoraceae
            62.    Ceriops tagal          Rhizophoraceae
            63.    Derris heterophylla    Fabaceae
            64.    Excoecaria agallocha   Euphorbiaceae
            65.    Kandelia rheedii       Rhizophoraceae
            66.    Phoenix sylvestris     Arecaceae
            67.    Rhizophora apiculata   Rhizophoraceae
            68.    Rhizophora conjugata Rhizophoraceae
            69.    Rhizophora             Rhizophoraceae
                   mucronata
            70.    Salicornia brachiata   Chenopodiaceae
            71.    Salvadora              Salvadoraceae
            72.    Salvadora persica      Salvadoraceae
            73.    Sesuvium               Aizoaceae
                   portulacastrum
            74.    Sonneratia apetala     Sonneratiaceae
            75.    Suaeda fruticosa       Chenopodiaceae
            76.    Suaeda maritima        Chenopodiaceae
            77.    Suaeda monoica         Chenopodiaceae
            78.    Suaeda nudiflora       Chenopodiaceae
            79.    Urochondra setulosa    Poaceae




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                      71
                                 TABLE NO. 3.17
                            FAUNA IN THE STUDY AREA

   Sr.                                               Name of the
            Common
   No.                        Scientific Name          Family          Schedule
             Name
                                     Mammalia
    1    Common langur        Presbytis entellus    Cercopithecidae       II
           Common
    2                        Herpestes edwardsi        Viverridae         IV
           Mongoose
    3       Squirrel        Funambulus pennanti        Sciuridae          IV
    4         Rat               Rattus rattus          Muridae            V
    5      Indian hare         Lepus nigricollis       Leporidae          IV
    6    Indian bush rat       Gobunda elloti           Muridae           -
           Indian field
    7                           Mushbooduga             Muridae           -
             mouse
                                      Reptilia
    8     Garden lizard       Calotes versicolor      Agamidae            -
    9      Rat snake           Ptyas mucosus          Colubridae          -
   10     Monitor lizard     Varanus bengalensis       Varanidae          -
             Indian              Chameleon
   11                                               Chamaeleonidae        -
           chameleon             zegylanicus
                                Hemidactyles
   12     House gecko                                 Gekkonidae          -
                                 alaviviridis
                                        Aves
   13       Barn Owl              Tyto alba            Strigidae          IV
   14     Baya Weaver        Ploceus philippinus       Ploceidae          IV
   15      Black Drongo       Dicrurus adsimils       Dicruridae          IV
           Blackheaded
   16                         Larus ridibundus          Laridae           IV
                gull
           Blackwinged
   17                         Elanus caeruleus        Accipitridae        IV
                kite
           Blackwinged           Himantopus
   18                                               Recurvirostridae      IV
               stint             himantopus
   19    Blue rock pigeon       Columba livia         Columbidae          IV
   20    Brahminy duck       Tadorna ferruginea        Anatidae           IV
   21     Brahminy kite        Haliastur indus        Accipitridae        IV
   22    Brahminy myna       Sturnus pagodarum         Sturnidae          IV
         Bronze winged
   23                         Metopidius indicus       Jacanidae          IV
             jacana

          Brown headed
   24                       Larus brunnicephalus        Laridae           IV
               gull
   25      Cattle Egret         Bubulcus ibis          Ardeidae           IV
                                 Sarkidiornis
   26      Comb duck                                   Anatidae           IV
                                  melanotos
   27     Common coot            Fulica atra            Gruidae           IV
   28                       Caprimulgus asiaticus   Caprimulgidae         IV
         Common Indian


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                             72
            nightjar

   29   Common Myna             Acridotheres           Sturnidae        IV
           Common
   30                           Pavo cristatus        Phasianidae       IV
           Peafowl
           Common
   31                            Athya ferina           Anatidae        IV
           Pochard
           Common
   32                        Tringa hypoleucos        Charadriidae      IV
          sandpiper
   33    Common teal            Anas crecca             Anatidae        IV
   34   Common tern            Sterna hirundo            Laridae        IV
                                 Megalaima
   35    Coppersmith                                  Capitonidae       IV
                               haemacephala
   36     Cotton teal             Nettapus              Anatidae        IV
                              coromandelianus

   37        Coucal          Centropus sinensis                         IV
   39       Curlew           Numenius arquata         Charadriidae      IV
   40      Garganey          Anas querquedula           Anatidae        IV
   41    Golden oriole         Oriolus oriolus          Oriolidae       IV
   42   Green sandpiper       Tringa ochropus         Charadriidae      IV
   43     Grey heron           Ardea cineria            Ardeidae        IV
                                Francolinus
   44   Grey partridge                                Phasianidae       IV
                               pondicerianus
   45     Grey shrike         Lanius excubitor          Laniidae        IV
   46       Hoopoe              Upupa epops             Upupidae        IV
   47     House crow          Corvus splendens          Corvidae        IV
   48   House sparrow        Passer domesticus          Ploceidae       IV
   49     House swift            Apus affinis           Apodidae        IV
                                  Cursorius
   50    Indian courser                                Glareolidae      IV
                               coromandelicus
   51   Indian ring dove    Streptopelia decaocto     Columbidae        IV
   52   Indian river tern      Sterna aurantia           Laridae        IV
   53     Indian robin       Saxicoloidesfulicata     Muscicapidae      IV
   54     Indian roller     Coracias benghalensis      Coraciidae       IV
   55   Jungle babbler        Turdoides striatiis     Muscicapidae      IV
         Jungle bush
   56                         Perdicula asiatica      Phasianidae       IV
            quail
                                Eudynamys
   57         Koel                                     Cuculidae        IV
                                scolopacea
   58     Jungle owlet      Glaucidium radiatum         Strigidae       IV
   59     Large egret            Ardea alba             Ardeidae        IV
   60   Lesser flamingo     Phoeniconaias minor     Phoenicopteridae    IV
        Lesser whistling
   61                       Dendrocygna javanica        Anatidae        IV
               teal
   62   Little cormorant     Phalacrocorax niger    Phalacrocoracidae   IV
   63     Little egret        Egretta garzetta          Ardeidae        IV
   64      Little tern         Stema albifrons           Laridae        IV


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                        73
      65    White Pelican     Pelecanus onocrotalus      Pelecanidae         IV
      66      Cormorant        Phalacrocorax carbo     Phalacrocoracidae     IV
      67     Pond heron            Ardeola grayii          Ardeidae          IV
      68    Smaller Egret       Egretta intermedia         Ardeidae          IV
            White necked
      69                        Ciconia episcopus         Ciconiidae         IV
               Stork
      70     Black ibis         Pseudibis papillosa    Threskiornithidae     IV
                                  Phoenicopterus
      71       Flamingo                                Phoenicopteridae      IV
                                      roseus
              Common
      72                       Turdoides caudatus        Muscicapidae        IV
               babbler
      73    Spotted dove      Streptopblia chinensis     Columbidae          IV
      74     Magpie robin       Copsychus saularis       Muscicapidae        IV
      75    Marsh harrier       Circus aeruginosus        Accipitridae       IV
      76       Moorhen          Gallinula chloropus        Gruidae           IV
      77     Night heron      Nycticorax nycticorax        Ardeidae          IV
      78    Painted stork     Mycteria leucocephala       Ciconiidae         IV
      79      Palm swift         Cypsiurus parvus          Apodidae          IV
                                  Milvus migrans
      80      Pariah kite                                 Accipitridae       IV
                                      govinda
           Pheasant tailed       Hydrophasianus
      81                                                  Jacanidae          IV
               jacana                chirurgus
             Pied crested
      82                        Clamatoriacobinus          Cuculidae         IV
                cuckoo
      83    Pied kingfisher        Ceryle rudis           Alcedinidae        IV




3.9   SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
      This study has been taken up to visualize and predict impacts on the socio-
      economic profile. Base-line data has been collected for 14 villages of & urban area
      of Anjar Taluka
      (Source: Census of India 2001-District Census Handbook-Kutch-Series 25 Gujarat;
      Part XII A & B)


      To define Socio-economic scenario base-line data for the following has been
      collected.


      1.     Economic structure.
      2.     Demographic structure.
      3.     Availability of basic amenities.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               74
      3.9.1 ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
            Economic structure of the study area is presented with help of following
            tables and figures.

            Table 3.18:      Economic structure - Main workers in study area.
            Table 3.19:      Percentage Distribution of Main workers in study area.
            Figure 3.7:      Percentage Distribution of Main workers in study area.
            Table 3.20:      Economic structure - Marginal workers in study area.
            Table 3.21:      Percentage Distribution of Marginal workers in study area.
            Figure 3.8:      Percentage Distribution of Marginal workers in study area.
            Table 3.22:      Economic structure - Total workers in study area.
            Table 3.23:      Percentage Distribution of Total workers in study area.
            Figure 3.9:      Percentage Distribution of Total workers in study area.


                                        TABLE NO. 3.18
                       ECONOMIC STRUCTURE –MAIN WORKERS

                            Distribution of Main Workers in Study Area
                                                                                Total No.
Sr.     Name of
                                          Agricultural   Household      Other    of Main
No.     Villages          Cultivators
                                            Laborer       Industry     Services Workers

                                    TALUKA : ANJAR
1         Ningal             233          207                15           157           612
2       Maringana            11           55                  -           159           225
3         Bhadroi            12            3                 8            291           314
4        Sapera              213          80                 5            243           541
5      Nagalpar Nani         179          30                  -           37            246
6      Nagalpar Moti         136          371                31           703          1241
7           Vidi             98           223                92           233           646
8         Sinugra            72           264                24           354           714
9       Khambhara            144          164                17           263           588
10        Pantiya            227          69                 3            58            357
11        Khedoi             356          776                49           407          1588
12       Mindhiala            8            4                 3            658           673
13       Devaliya            48           73                 2            73            196
14      Kumbhariya            12              48              -           27            87
15      Anjar City           369              502           683         18682       20236
       TOTAL                2118             2869           932         22345       28264




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                    75
                                   TABLE NO. 3.19
                   PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF MAIN WORKERS
Sr. No.   Description                                             % Distribution
   1.     Cultivators                                                    7.49
   2.     Agricultural Labours                                           10.15
   3.     Household Industry                                              3.3
   4.     Other Services                                                 79.06


Source: Data on primary census abstract based on information collected during 2001
census in India.


          FIGURE - 3.9: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION – MAIN WORKERS




                     Cultivators               Agricultural
                     7%                        Labours 10%




                                                              Household
                                                              Industry 3%



                                                           Cultivators

                                                           Agricultural Labours

                                                           Household Industry

        Other                                              Other Services
        Services 80%




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              76
                                       TABLE NO. 3.20
                     ECONOMIC STRUCTURE –MARGINAL WORKERS

                            Distribution of Marginal Workers in Study Area    Total No.
Sr.       Name of                                                                of
No.       Villages                       Agricultural   Household     Other   Marginal
                         Cultivators
                                           Laborer       Industry    Services Workers

                                     TALUKA : ANJAR
1       Ningal                  5          21              2            6        34
2      Maringana                -           7               -          14        21
3       Bhadroi                 2           5              4            2        13
4       Sapera                  -           2              1            2         5
5    Nagalpar Nani              -           -               -           -         -
6    Nagalpar Moti              7          21              13           5        46
7         Vidi                  -           -               -           -         -
8       Sinugra                 5          43              1            4        53
9     Khambhara                26          28              7            4        65
10      Pantiya                 2           -              1            1         4
11       Khedoi                10          144             17          24        195
12     Mindhiala                3          44              27          129       203
13      Devaliya                1          151              -           -        152
14    Kumbhariya                3          100              -           2        105
15 Anjar Urban Area             3          41             441          932      1417
     TOTAL                     67         607             514         1125      2313


                                       TABLE NO. 3.21
               PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF MARGINAL WORKERS
Sr. No.    Description                                              % Distribution
   1.      Cultivators                                                   2.9
   2.      Agricultural Labours                                         26.24
   3.      Household Industry                                           22.22
   4.      Other Services                                               48.64
Source: Data on primary census abstract based on information collected during 2001
census in India.




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              77
       FIGURE - 3.10: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION - MARGINAL WORKERS

                    Cultivators
                    3%
                                                    Agricultural
                                                    Labours 26%



                                                        Cultivators

                                                        Agricultural Labours

                                                        Household Industry
          Other
          Services                                      Other Services
          49%

                                               Household
                                               Industry 22%


                                   TABLE NO. 3.22
                      ECONOMIC STRUCTURE - TOTAL WORKERS


                                   Total No.         Total No.        Total No.
Sr. No.    Name of villages         of Main         of Marginal        of Non
                                   Workers           Workers          Workers


TALUKA : ANJAR
   1      Ningal                      612               34               1156
  2       Maringana                   225               21                354
  3       Bhadroi                     314               13                874
  4       Sapera                      541               5                1303
  5       Nagalpar Nani               246                -                547
  6       Nagalpar Moti              1241               46               2631
  7       Vidi                        646                -               1538
  8       Sinugra                     714               53               1525
  9       Khambhara                   588               65               1317
  10      Pantiya                     357               4                 211
  11      Khedoi                     1588              195               3679
  12      Mindhiala                   673              203                755
  13      Devaliya                    196              152                318
  14      Kumbhariya                  87               105                209
  15      Anjar Urban Area           20236             1417              46690
                           TOTAL     28264             2313              63107



 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                            78
                                              TABLE NO. 3.23
                            PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL WORKERS
Sr. No.      Description                                                 % Distribution
   1.        Main Workers                                                     30.17
   2.        Marginal Workers                                                     2.47
   3.        Non Workers                                                      67.36



Source: Data on primary census abstract based on information collected during 2001
census in India.
          FIGURE - 3.11 : PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION – TOTAL WORKERS




                       80
                                                                      67.36
                       70
                       60
          Percentage




                       50
                       40
                                 30.17
                       30
                       20
                                                      2.47
                       10
                       0
                               Main Workers      Marginal Workers   Non Workers

                              Main Workers       Marginal Workers    Non Workers




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                   79
3.9.2 DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE
       The demographic structure of villages of the study area has been shown in the
       below table.


                                        TABLE NO. 3.24
                                DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE

                                            Total No. of           Total No. of
   Sr. No.     Name of villages
                                            Households             Population

TALUKA : ANJAR
       1           Ningal                       408                    1802
      2            Maringana                    120                    600
      3            Bhadroi                      215                    1201

      4            Sapera                       410                    1849
      5            Nagalpar Nani                147                    793
      6            Nagalpar Moti                823                    3918
      7            Vidi                         478                    2184

      8            Sinugra                      502                    2292
      9            Khambhara                    420                    1970
      10           Pantiya                      115                    572
      11           Khedoi                       1126                   5462

      12           Mindhiala                    324                    1631
      13           Devaliya                     176                    666
      14           Kumbhariya                    90                    401
      15           Anjar Urban Area            14411                  68343

                                Total          19357                  91882


Source: Data on primary census abstract based on information collected during 2001
census in India.




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              80
                     FIGURE - 3.12 : DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE STUDY AREA



                                                                                                                                                 Total No. of Households
                                                                      Demographic profile                                                        Total No. of Population

             80000

             70000

             60000
Population




             50000

             40000

             30000

             20000

             10000

                 0
                       Ningal

                                Maringana


                                            Bhadroi


                                                      Sapera


                                                               Nagalpar


                                                                          Nagalpar

                                                                                     Vidi


                                                                                            Sinugra


                                                                                                      Khambhara

                                                                                                                  Pantiya


                                                                                                                            Khedoi


                                                                                                                                     Mindhiala


                                                                                                                                                 Devaliya

                                                                                                                                                            Kumbhariya


                                                                                                                                                                         Anjar Urban
                                                                 Nani

                                                                            Moti




                                                                                                                                                                            Area
                                                                                     Villages


             3.9.3 AVAILABILITY OF BASIC AMENITIES
             Basic amenities available at villages within the study area have been described in
             Table No. 3.25 and Villages according To Amenities and Abbreviations have been
             described in Table No. 3.26




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                                                                                       81
                                                                 TABLE NO. 3.25
                                  BASIC AMENITIES AVAILABLE AT VILLAGES WITHIN THE STUDY AREA
                                                                                                            Communication
                                                    Drinking                                                  (Bus Stop,                          Nearest Town
       Name of                                                Post, Telegraph, Telephone, Recreational/                       Approach     Power
Sr.               Educational        Medical          Water                                                    Railway                            and Distance
       Villages                                                  Bank & Credit Society      Cultural                          to Village   Supply
No.                                                 (Potable)                                               Station, Water                            (km)
                                                                                                                 Area)
Taluka: Anjar
                                D,CHW, H(>10 km),               PH(4), PO, CM(<5 km),        CV(>10 km),                         PR
                   P, C(>10                         T, TW, W,
 1    Ningal                    MCW(>10 km),                    CP(>10 km), ACS(>10 km),     SP(>10 km),    BS, RS(<5 km)        MR         EA      Anjar-12
                      km)                               TK
                                PHC(>10 km)                     NCS(>10 km), OCS(>10 km)     ST(>10 km)                          FP
                                                                PH(<5), PO(<5), CM(5-10      CV(5-10 km),
                                CHW, H(5-10 km),
                   P, C(>10                                     km), CP(5-10 km), ACS(5-10   SP(5-10 km),
 2    Maringana                 MCW(>10 km),            T                                                   BS, RS(5-10 km)      PR         EA      Anjar-8
                      km)                                       km), NCS(5-10 km), OCS(5-    ST(5-10 km)
                                PHC(>10 km)
                                                                10 km)
                                                                PH(<5), PO(<5), CM(5-10      CV(5-10 km),
                                CHW, H(5-10 km),
                   P, C(>10                                     km), CP(5-10 km), ACS(5-10   SP(5-10 km),
 3    Bhadroi                   MCW(>10 km),            T                                                   BS, RS(5-10 km)      PR         EA      Anjar-9
                      km)                                       km), NCS(5-10 km), OCS(5-    ST(5-10 km)
                                PHC(>10 km)
                                                                10 km)
                                                                PH (41), PO,CM(5-10 km),     CV(5-10 km),
                                PHS, CHW, H(5-10
                   P, C(>10                                     CP(5-10 km), ACS(5-10 km),   SP(5-10 km),
 4    Sapera                    km), MCW(>10 km),       T                                                   BS, RS(5-10 km)      PR         EA      Anjar-7
                      km)                                       NCS(5-10 km), OCS(5-10       ST(5-10 km)
                                PHC(>10 km)
                                                                km)
                                CHW, H(< 5 km),                 PH(6), PO, CM(<5 km),        CV(<5 km),
      Nagalpar     P, C(>10                                                                                                      PR
 5                              MCW(< 5 km),          W, O      CP(<5 km), ACS(<5 km),       SP(<5 km),     BS, RS(<5 km)                   EA      Anjar-3
      Nani            km)
                                PHC(5-10 km)                    NCS(<5 km), OCS(<5 km)       ST(<5 km)
                                D, PHS, FWC, RMP,               PH(3), PO, CM(2), CP(<5      CV(<5 km),
      Nagalpar    P(2), C(>10   CHW, H(< 5 km),                 km), ACS(<5 km), NCS(<5      SP(<5 km),                          PR
 6                                                      T                                                   BS, RS(<5 km)                   EA      Anjar-4
      Moti            km)       MCW(< 5 km),                    km), OCS(<5 km)              ST(<5 km)                           MR
                                PHC(>10 km)
                                CHW, H(<5 km),                  PH(<5), PO, CM(<5 km),       CV(<5 km),                          PR
                   P, C(>10
 7    Vidi                      MCW(<5 km),         T, W, TK    CP(<5 km), ACS(<5 km),       SP(<5 km),     BS, RS(<5 km)        MR         EA      Anjar-5
                      km)
                                PHC(>10 km)                     NCS(<5 km), OCS(<5 km)       ST(<5 km)                           FP


      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                                            82
                                 RMP, CHW, H(<5                      PH, PO, CM, CP(<5 km),       CV(<5 km),
                   P(2), C(>10                                       ACS(<5 km), NCS(<5 km),      SP(<5 km),
8    Sinugra                     km), MCW(5-10 km),          T                                                   BS, RS(<5 km)     PR        EA   Anjar-5
                       km)                                           OCS(<5 km)                   ST(<5 km)
                                 PHC(5-10 km)
                                 D, MCW, PHS, RMP,                   PH(10), PO, CM(5-10 km),     CV(5-10 km),
                    P, C(>10
9    Khambhara                   CHW, H(5-10 km),            T       CP(5-10 km), ACS, NCS(5-10   SP(5-10 km),   BS, RS(5-10 km)   PR        EA   Anjar-10
                       km)
                                 PHC(5-10 km)                        km), OCS(5-10 km)            ST(5-10 km)
                                 CHW, H(>10 km),                     PH(3), PO(<5 km), CM(>10     CV(>10 km),                      PR
                    P, C(>10
10   Pantiya                     MCW(>10 km),             T, TW      km), CP(>10 km), ACS (>10    SP(>10 km),    BS, RS(>10 km)    MR        EA   Anjar-15
                       km)
                                 PHC(>10 km)                         km), NCS, OCS(>10 km)        ST(>10 km)                       FP
                                                                     PH(100), PO, CM, CP(>10      CV(>10 km),                      PR
                    P( 4 ), S,   H, MCW, CWC, HC,       T, TW, W,
11   Khedoi                                                          km), ACS, NCS(>10 km),       SP(>10 km),    BS, RS(>10 km)    MR        EA   Anjar-17
                   C(>10 km)     PHC, PHS, CHW              TK
                                                                     OCS(>10 km)                  ST(>10 km)                       FP
                                                                     PH(>10 km), PO, CM(>10       CV(>10 km),
                                 CHW, H(>10 km),
                    P, C(>10                                         km), CP(>10 km), ACS(>10     SP(>10 km),
12   Mindhiala                   MCW(>10 km),              T, HP                                                 BS, RS(>10 km)    PR        EA   Anjar-13
                       km)                                           km), NCS(>10 km),            ST(>10 km)
                                 PHC(>10 km)
                                                                     OCS(>10 km)
                                 CHW, H(>10 km),                     PH(10), PO, CM(>10 km),      CV(>10 km),
                    P, C(>10
13   Devaliya                    MCW(>10 km),                T       CP(>10 km), ACS(>10 km),     SP(>10 km),    BS, RS(>10 km)    PR        EA   Anjar-12
                       km)
                                 PHC(>10 km)                         NCS(>10 km), OCS(>10 km)     ST(>10 km)
                                 CHW, H(>10 km),                     PH(2 ), PO, CM(>10 km),      CV(>10 km),
                    P, C(>10                                         CP(>10 km), ACS(>10 km),     SP(>10 km),
14   Kumbhariya                  MCW(>10 km),                T                                                   BS, RS(>10 km)    PR        EA   Anjar-15
                       km)                                           NCS(>10 km), OCS(>10 km)     ST(>10 km)
                                 PHC(>10 km)
15   Anjar Urban
                   All these basic amenities are available in the said urban area.
     Area




     EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                                              83
                                  TABLE NO. 3.26
         VILLAGES ACCORDING TO AMENITIES AND ABBREVIATIONS
Sr.              Description               Abbreviations     No. of Villages*
No.                                                        having one or more
                                                             of the following
                                                                amenities
                                   Educational
1.    Primary School                                P             16
2.    Secondary School                              S             1
3.    Senior Secondary School                      SS             --
4.    College                                       C             --
                                     Medical
5.    Allopathic Hospital                          H              17
6.    Ayurvedic Hospital                          HA              --
7.    Allopathic Dispensary                       D               3
8.    Ayurvedic Dispensary                        DA              --
9.    Maternity & Child Welfare                  MCW              14
10.   Maternity Home                              MH              --
11.   Child Welfare Centre                       CWC              1
12.   Health Centre                               HC              1
13.   Primary Health Centre                      PHC              14
14.   Primary Health Sub Centre                  PHS              4
15.   Family Welfare Centre                      FWC              1
16.   Registered Private Medial                  RMP              3
      Practitioner
17.   Community Health Workers                 CHW                14
18.   Others                                     O                --
                                 Drinking Water
19.   Tap Water                                  T                13
20.   Well Water                                 W                4
21.   Tank Water                                TK                3
22.   Tube well Water                           TW                3
23.   Hand Pump                                 HP                --
24.   River Water                                R                --
25.   Canal Water                                C                --
26.   Lake                                       L                --
27.   Spring                                     S                --
28.   Other Drinking Water Sources               O                1

              Post, Telegraph, Telephone, Bank and Credit Society
29.   Post Office                                   PO             14
30.   Telegraph Office                              TO             --
31.   Post & Telegraph Office                      PTO             --
32.   Telephone Connection                          PH            190
33.   Commercial Bank                              CM              15
34.   Co-operative Bank                             CP             14
35.   Agricultural Credit Society                  ACS             9
36.   Non-Agricultural Credit Society              NCS             9
37.   Other Credit Society                         OCS             8
                                Recreational / Cultural
38.   Cinema / Video Hall                           CV             8

EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                      84
  39.      Sports Club                                   SP                     8
  40.      Stadium / Auditorium                          ST                     8
                                       Communication
  41.      Bus Station                                   BS                     14
  42.      Railway Station                               RS                     9
  43.      Navigable Waterway                           NW                      --
                                       Approach to Village
  44.     Paved Road                                     PR                     14
  45.     Mud Road                                       MR                     5
  46.     Foot Path                                      FP                     4
  47.     Navigable River                                NR                     --
  48.     Navigable Canal                                NC                     --
  49.     Navigable Waterways other than                NW                      --
          River, Canal
                                           Power Supply
 50.      Electricity for all purposes                   EA                    14S
 51.      Electricity for domestic use                   ED                     --
 52.      Electricity for agricultural use              EAG                     --
 53.      Electricity for other purposes                 EO                     --
Note    *: Only 14 villages are considered. Urban area of Anjar Taluka is not included in this
section.

Source: Villages level amenities data, Gujarat Village Dictionary, Census of India 2001.




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                   85
                                                                              CHAPTER  4
      ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND ITS MITIGATION



4.1    INTRODUCTION
       Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an attempt to identify, predict,
       evaluate and communicate the environmental impacts of the proposed project
       activity. For any project, impacts are predicted depending upon the inputs from
       source, efficacy of pollution control equipment and capacity of receiving
       environment. The EIA Study for the proposed expansion project includes:


        Identification of all components of the proposed expansion project and
          possible environmental impacts thereof
        Evaluation (qualitative and quantitative assessment) of the impacts
        Communication to the general public, interested parties and controlling
          authorities


4.2    IDENTIFICATION OF IMPACTS THROUGH MATRIX


       Identification   of   significant   environmental   impact   is   an   essential   in   the
       preparation of the EIA report, and attempt has been made here through the use
       of “Activity Effect” matrix.


       An activity of the proposed expansion project may affect any of the natural body
       be it air, water, land etc. For simplicity such activities may be better divided in to
       two phases being Construction Phase & Operation Phase. Since ours is an
       expansion project, there will be no construction phase as such due to the fact
       that the said expansion shall be carried out in the existing premises by optimum
       utilization of the existing machinery.


       Various activities (cause) of the stated two phases and consequence of the
       activities (effect) are identified and depicted as "cause-effect" relationship in
       Table No. 4.1 and Table No. 4.2




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                86
                                               TABLE NO. 4.1
                                        PREDICTION OF IMPACTS
               (“CAUSE-EFFECT” RELATIONSHIP) DURING ERECTION PHASE


       Parameter                                                                    Socio    Health &
                      Air      Water      Noise      Soil     Flora     Fauna
 Activity                                                                         Economic    Safety
 Site cleaning            -         -          -        -         -         -         -         -
 Excavation               -         -          -        -         -         -          -          -
 Construction             -         -          -        -         -         -          -          -
 Installation of
                          -         -          -        -         -         -          -          -
 equipments
 Transportation           √         -          √        √         √         √          -          √
 Material handling        √         -          -        -         -         -          -          √
 Employment               -         -          -        -         -         -          √          √
 Greenbelt
                          √         √          √        √         √         √          -          √
 development


                                          TABLE NO. 4.2
                                    PREDICTION OF IMPACTS
          (“CAUSE-EFFECT” RELATIONSHIP) DURING OPERATION PHASE


      Parameter                                                                   Socio    Health &
                     Air      Water      Noise     Soil     Flora     Fauna
Activity                                                                        Economic    Safety
Raw material
storage &            √          -          -        -         -         -          -          √
handling
Production           √         √           √        -         -         -          -          √
Product storage &
                     √          -          √        -         -         -          -          √
handling
Transportation       √          -          √        √        √         √           -          √
Gaseous emission     √          -          -        √        √         √           -          √
Solid waste
                      -         -          -        √         -         -          -          √
generation
Employment            -         -          -        -         -         -          √          √
Infrastructure
                      -         -          -        -         -         -          √          √
development
Greenbelt
                     √         √           √        √        √         √           -          √
development




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                           87
4.3   IMPACT ASSESSMENT
       Impact on an environment depends on nature, scale and location of the proposed
      project. Assessment involves determination of nature and extent of impacts due
      to the industrial activities or the actions involved in expansion. An environmental
      impact of any action may be classified as:


       Positive (Beneficial) / Negative (Adverse)
       Caused / Induced
       Primary / Secondary
       Long term / Short term
       Reversible / Irreversible
       Site specific / Project specific


      The impacts can be primary which are attributed directly to project and secondary,
      which are indirect or induced changes and typically include changed patterns of
      socio-economic, components and effect on public health as also cost of
      environmental management.


      Most of the impacts of any industrial activity on the environment are irreversible in
      nature; however their quantification and character (being positive or negative) are
      of prime concerns to decide whether the industrial activity should be allowed to
      happen or not.


      Based on the prediction of impacts as described in Table No. 4.1 and Table No.
      4.2, they are further assessed and are described in Table No. 4.3 and Table No.
      4.4.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                         88
                                            TABLE NO. 4.3
                            ASSESSMENT OF PREDICTED IMPACTS
                                   DURING ERECTION PHASE
    Parameter                                                                Socio        Health
                    Air    Water   Noise      Soil    Flora    Fauna
 Activity                                                                  Economic      & Safety
 Site cleaning       -       -        -         -       -         -            -             -
 Excavation          -       -        -         -       -         -            -             -
 Construction        -       -        -         -       -         -            -             -
 Installation of                                                                             -
                     -       -        -         -       -         -            -
 equipments
                   (-ve)            (-ve)     (-ve)   (-ve)     (-ve)
 Transportation              -                                                 -         (-ve) S.T
                    S.T              S.T       S.T     S.T       S.T
 Material          (-ve)
                             -        -         -       -         -            -         (-ve) S.T
 handling           S.T
 Employment          -       -        -         -       -         -        (+ve) L.T     (+ve) L.T
 Greenbelt       (+ve)     (+ve)   (+ve)    (+ve)     (+ve)    (+ve)
                                                                            -            (+ve) L.T
 development      L.T       L.T     L.T       L.T      L.T      L.T
 (-ve): Negative              (+ve): Positive                  S.T: Short Term               L.T:
 Long Term


                                            TABLE NO. 4.4
                            ASSESSMENT OF PREDICTED IMPACTS
                                   DURING OPERATION PHASE
     Parameter                                                                Socio        Health
                    Air    Water    Noise     Soil    Flora     Fauna
Activity                                                                    Economic      & Safety
Raw material
                   (-ve)
storage &                    -        -         -       -             -            -       (-ve) L.T
                    L.T
handling
                   (-ve)   (-ve)    (-ve)
Production                                      -       -             -            -       (-ve) L.T
                    L.T     L.T      S.T
Product storage    (-ve)            (-ve)
                             -                  -       -                          -       (-ve) L.T
& handling          S.T              S.T
                   (-ve)            (-ve)     (-ve)   (-ve)
Transportation               -                                 (-ve) S.T           -       (-ve) S.T
                    L.T              L.T       L.T     S.T
Gaseous            (-ve)                      (-ve)   (-ve)
                             -        -                        (-ve) L.T           -       (-ve) L.T
emission            L.T                        L.T     L.T
Solid waste                                   (-ve)
                     -       -        -                 -             -            -       (-ve) S.T
generation                                     L.T
Employment           -       -        -         -       -             -      (+ve) L.T           -
Infrastructure
                     -       -        -         -       -             -      (+ve) L.T    (+ve) L.T
development
Greenbelt          (+ve)   (+ve)   (+ve)    (+ve)     (+ve)
                                                               (+ve) L.T           -      (+ve) L.T
development         L.T     L.T     L.T      L.T       L.T
(-ve): Negative             (+ve): Positive                   S.T: Short Term              L.T:
Long Term




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                                 89
4.4   AIR ENVIRONMENT


      During Erection
      Prediction of impacts on Air Environment during erection phase is depicted in
      Table No. 4.1. It may be noted that since the industry is going for expansion in
      the existing land area utilizing the existing machinery, there shall not be any
      significant impact during the erection phase. The key problem anticipated would
      be increase in SPM level due to dust contamination. However, the impacts of
      erection activities would be for a limited period of time (short term). Care will be
      taken during the transportation of raw material, their storage and handling. The
      raw material storage will be done on an impermeable liner so as to culminate the
      dispersion of raw fibre or cement or fly ash particles into air and land. Greenbelt
      development will also help in reducing the severity of the problem.


      During Operation
      The operational activities are usually expected to have long-term impacts on air
      quality (refer to Table No. 4.4). Flue gas emission and process emissions (both
      through stacks) would be the core sources of air pollutants. Major sources of air
      pollutants are process vents and handling of raw materials in process. The other
      air pollutant is asbestos fibre, which arises from Asbestos related activity. For air
      pollution control in plant area, four dust collectors (one for Fibre Circuit, second for
      Cement Circuit, third for Fly Ash Circuit and fourth for Pulverizer Circuit) have
      been attached to the process vent for arresting any dust emanating from the
      process. The whole process is enclosed. Also the asbestos fibre is added into
      process by automatic bag opening device and later on water is added so as to
      reduce any kind of fibre dispersion into air due to process and handling during
      operation phase.


      It may be noted that D. G. set is used only in case of power failure. Ambient Air
      Quality parameters of the gases leaving the stacks after expansion will be
      compared against the standards prescribed by the Gujarat Pollution Control Board.


      A mathematical model namely “Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST – 3)
      Dispersion Model”, developed by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is used
      for calculating GLCs. It is essentially based, on the original Gaussian Plume Model
      equation but is defined in terms related to atmospheric phenomenon. Ground
      Level Concentration (GLC) of all pollutants at various receptors (different villages


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                            90
         in the surrounding up to 10 Km radius from the Plant) based on the micro-
         meteorological data collected at site, are given in Annexure–4.1. The maximum
         cumulative ground level concentrations are also summarized in the same
         annexure. When the above stated GLCs results are added into the 98 % percentile
         concentration of ambient air parameters, it gives overall AAQ of the surrounding
         study area. Data used for the evaluation of the Ground Level Concentration for the
         proposed project is given in Table No. 4.5.


                                           TABLE NO. 4.5
      DATA USED FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE GROUND LEVEL CONCENTRATION
                       Stack
                       height   Internal   Exit
         Stack
Sr.                    from      stack     gas    Velocity   Expected      Pollutant      Emission
        attached
No.                 ground      dia. at    Temp   (m/s)      pollutant   Concentration   Rate (g/s)
           to                               0
                       level    top (m)     K
                        (m)
       Cement
       Dust
1                      15.0       0.4      318       8         SPM       124 mg/Nm3        0.124
       Collector
       System
       Fly ash
       Dust
2                      15.0       0.3      318       8         SPM        45 mg/Nm3        0.025
       Collector
       System
       Pulverizer
       Dust
3                      15.0      0.25      318       8         SPM        45 mg/Nm3        0.0177
       Collector
       System

       Fibre Dust                                            Asbestos
                                                                            0.082
4      Collector       15.0       0.3      318       8        Fibre                      0.00000282
                                                                           fibre/cm3
       System                                                  Dust



         Assessment of Impact on Ambient Air Quality
         Base line study (please refer Chapter – 3) indicates that the Ambient Air Quality in
         terms of specific environmental pollutants is well within the limits stipulated by
         National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ) standards for an industrial area, except at
         Anjar city.




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                               91
      Results of ISCST model which summarize the existing Ground level concentration
      and the increased concentration of the pollutants after the said expansion are
      portrayed in the Annexure – 4.1.


      The results indicate that even after the execution of the proposed expansion of the
      project, the ambient air quality in and around the project location would be within
      the permissible limit.


      Thus, it may be concluded that there would be minimal adverse impact on air
      environment due to the proposed expansion of the project.



4.5   WATER ENVIRONMENT
       Water requirement during the erection phase will be very negligible due to the
       fact that there will be no construction activity done during the said expansion of
       the existing project. Thus very negligible amount of domestic wastewater
       generated will be disposed off in a septic tank / soak pit system.


       Water requirement during the operation phase after the said expansion would
       be approximately 95 KL/day which consists of 90 KL/day of fresh water and 5
       KL/day of recycled wastewater from process, which will be met by Narmada
       water through Gujarat Infrastructure Limited.


      Domestic
      Out of the total water required 10 KL/day of fresh water will be required for
      domestic purpose. Approximately 9 KL/day of domestic wastewater generated will
      be disposed off through a septic tank / soak pit system.


      Green belt development
      The proposed expansion project will use 6 KL/day of fresh water for greenbelt
      development.


      Industrial
      In all 74 KL/day of fresh water and 5 KL/day of recycled wastewater from the
      process will be required in the Industrial process. Thus only 74 KL/day (70 KL/day
      for processing and 4 KL/day for cooling purpose) of fresh water will be required for
      industrial purpose.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                        92
    There will be no industrial wastewater discharged from the process, since the
    small amount of 5 KL/day of wastewater generated will be recycled back into the
    closed circuit process.


    Thus, it may be concluded that there would be no adverse impact on water
    environment due to the proposed expansion of project.


4.6 NOISE ENVIRONMENT
    The proposed expansion will be carried out in the existing premises by optimum
    utilization of the machinery. The major source of noise during the operation phase
    will be operation of machinery, pumps etc. and various operational activities.
    However, the impact would not be significant. Moreover suitable protective
    equipments have been provided to workers who are exposed to high sound
    pressure levels. All vibrating equipments are checked and serviced periodically to
    reduce noise generation. Noisy equipments have been enclosed in sound proofing
    enclosures to give residual sound pressure lower than 75 dB (A).


    The occasional noise is attenuated by the green belt around the industrial
    complex.


    Thus, it may be concluded that there would be minimal adverse impact on noise
    environment due to the proposed project.


4.7 LAND ENVIRONMENT
    The proposed expansion will be done in the existing premises utilizing the existing
    machinery. Very negligible amount of solid waste will be generated during the
    erection phase due to the transportation and handling of raw materials. However,
    proper care will be taken during the said activity so that there will be no impact on
    land environment due to the said project.


    During operation activity the impact of air, water and solid waste pollution on
    soil causes direct / indirect effect on soil.    During operational phase, since the
    maximum predicated GLCs of air pollutants is insignificant, there will be negligible
    effect on the surrounding soil. The emissions of SPM during operation will be
    effectively controlled; there will be practically no effect on the land.


    The study area contains a reserved forest having an area of approximately 2 Km2


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                       93
      and is at about 2.8 Km distance from the project site. The study area also contains
      small portion of reserved forest having an area of approximately 1 Km2 and is at
      about 5.9 Km distance from the project site. As all necessary air pollution control
      steps are provided and based on the results of the dispersion model for the ground
      level concentrations of various pollutants after the proposed expansion, there will
      not be any adverse impact on soil.


      All necessary control steps have been provided for handling, storage and disposal
      of solid waste generated from the plant.        Thus, there will not be any significant
      impact of solid waste on the soil environment.


4.8   ECOLOGY
      There will be no significant impact on ecology during the erection phase, since
      no construction activity will be carried out.


      Impacts on terrestrial ecosystem during the operation of plant occur mainly from
      air emissions. Air pollutants can interfere with the biotic and abiotic components
      of the ecosystem and may include injurious effects when concentrations exceed
      permissible limits.    Since all the necessary air pollution control measures have
      been provided and same will be continued after the expansion, there will not be
      any adverse impact of air pollution on the surrounding ecology after the expansion
      of the said project.


      It may be noted that a large green belt area around the premises is already
      developed which provides as a pollutant “sink” and helps in further inviting small
      birds & animals and other creatures to proliferate.


      Thus, the proposed project will not have any adverse impact on the ecology.



4.9   FOREST/NATIONAL PARK/SANCTUARY/HISTORICAL PLACE
      The study area contains a reserved forest having an area of approximately 2 Km2
      and is at about 2.8 Km distance from the project site. The study area also contains
      small portion of reserved forest having an area of approximately 1 Km2 and is at
      about 5.9 Km distance from the project site. The study of GLCs suggests that
      there will be as such no significant impact of the proposed expansion project on
      these areas. There are no National Parks / Sanctuaries / Historical Places within 10




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                           94
       km radius from the proposed project site.



4.10   SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
       The existing industrial development has already made the area an attractive place
       for people to move in or return to the area. A change in the demographic profile is
       also observed. M/s. Ramco Industries has done various welfare activities for the
       surrounding area and villages. They have donated cash, cooker, gas stove etc to
       the nearby schools.


       The industry has employed about 110 employees viz. including skilled labour,
       unskilled labour and office staff from the local area. After the proposed expansion
       of the project there may be few direct & indirect job opportunities, support
       services like transport and ancillary workshop would further enhance employment
       potential.


       Local people have been given preference wherever found suitable for all the jobs
       in the plant, direct as well as indirect. Economic status of the local people has
       improved due to the increased business opportunities, thereby, making a positive
       impact. Educational, medical and housing facilities in the study area have
       considerably improved.


       Thus, the proposed expansion of the project will have significant positive impact
       on the employment pattern of the study area.



4.11 ASTHETICS
       An existing greenbelt of area of 12300 m2 is developed by M/s. Ramco Industries
       limited. An additional 4700 m2 of greenbelt development will take place during the
       proposed expansion of the project which will improve the aesthetics of the project
       site. Also the additional greenbelt will act as a noise barrier and help in pollution
       abatement.



4.12 HEALTH & SAFETY
       Health problems are likely to be experienced in the area as a result of immigrant
       labour being careless about personal hygiene. Such problems will be minimized by
       provision of adequate sanitary and health services.




 EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                         95
    Impacts on Health & Safety could be due to the operation of project activities like
    processing, storage, transport facilities & process emissions.


    However, the project proponent has incorporated all the necessary safety aspect
    in planning, designing and operation of the plant as per standard practices and the
    same will be carried out also after the said expansion of the project. Hence, there
    will be a minimal impact on this account.


    Pre-employment and periodical medical examinations are being carried out to
    assess the health status of the workers and medical records of the same are
    maintained for each employee and the same will continue after the expansion of
    the project. The details of which are given as Form. 32 “Health Register” in
    Annexure 4.2 and the same shall continue even after the expansion of the said
    project.


    A doctor, qualified as per Factory Act has been appointed and required medicines,
    antidotes and first-aid box are procured under the guidance of appointed doctor as
    per guidelines of Factory Act.


    The air emissions are within the limits and hence there will be no significant
    impact on the workers due to the dust emissions, also personal protective
    appliances like hand gloves, helmets, safety shoes, goggles, aprons, nose masks
    and ear protecting devices which meet Rule 68 B of Gujarat Factories Rules (GFR)
    have been provided for safety of workers.


    Nose mask is being provided at places, where there is possibility of dust
    generation. As an extra precaution the nose mask is also being provided where the
    asbestos fibers processing is being done. Proper ventilation system is provided in
    the process area.


    Thus, no significant impact on health and safety will occur due to the proposed
    expansion of the project.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                     96
                                                                        CHAPTER-5
                                                      ADDITIONAL STUDIES


5.1   ONSITE EMERGENCY PLAN
      The Onsite Emergency plan of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. comprising the Hazard
      Identification and Risk Assessment, Safety and Mitigation Measures, Disaster
      Management Plan and Emergency Response Plan is prepared by B.J CHAUHAN &
      ASSOCIATES and is enclosed separately along with this report.



5.2   PUBLIC HEARING
      “Public Consultation” refers to the process by which the concerns of the local
      affected persons and others who have plausible stake in the environmental
      impacts of the project or activity are ascertained with a view to taking into
      account all the material concerns in the project or activity design as appropriate.


      M/s. Ramco Industries Limited proposes to expand its existing unit of Asbestos
      Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets –(Corrugated and Flat) & Accessories manufacturing
      company at Survey No. 78/12, 78/13, 78/14, 78/15, 79/2, 80/2, Village:
      Sinugra,   Taluka: Anjar, District: Kutch. The said expansion will be carried out in
      the production capacity of the unit from 72,000 MT/ Annum to proposed 1,
      20,000 MT/ Annum. The project falls under category ‘A’ of activity no. 4 (c) of
      Schedule (List of Projects or Activities requiring prior Environmental Clearance) of
      notification dated 14th September, 2006. As specified in sub paragraph (ii) of
      paragraph 2, of the stated Notification of the Government of India, proposed
      expansion project, requires prior environmental clearance form the Environment
      Impact Assessment Authority (EIAA).


      M/s. Ramco Industries Limited will carry out Public Consultation and the minutes
      of the meetings will be submitted to the MoEF as suggested in the Terms Of
      Reference issued by the Environmental Appraisal Committee.



5.3   EMPLOYEE EDUCATION
      The employees are trained and made aware of the hazards and safety related to
      the exposure of asbestos and fire hazard in the industry. Proper usage of




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                  97
      personal protective equipment is explained to all the employees engaged in
      handling asbestos related activities.


      Pictorial warning signs and precautionary notices for asbestos and products
      containing asbestos have been made and placed in the areas having the risk of
      asbestos exposure. All workplaces where asbestos dust may cause a hazard are
      clearly indicated through the use of a well-displayed sign, which identifies the
      hazards caused due to it.


      All the employees are educated about the health and safety related issues
      through written literature and pictorial and color-coded sign boards used on
      various places in the premises. In addition to that regular training is being given
      to the employees related to the health and safety precautions to be taken at the
      premises.



5.4   OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
      Pre & post-medical check-up of all the employees are done on regular basis at
      the premises by competent occupational health physician. These tests include
      Sputum test, Lungs Function Test (PFT), Chest X Ray and general medical check
      up. All the employees are regularly examined and the medical records are
      maintained for each employee. Pulmonary function test and periodical medical
      check up are done once in every year.


      The following tests are conducted for each worker:
               Lung Function Test
               Radiology -- Xray
               General Clinical examination with emphasis on respiratory system
               Pre employment examinations
               Periodical medical examinations at cessation of employment and after
                cessation of employment


      Other than Xrays, all the tests are conducted every year. Xrays are taken once
      in three years.


      All records pertaining to health checkup are maintained as per IS 11451 and
      factory act in the form of Form. 32 “Health register” attached as Annexure 4.2
      of this report.


EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 98
5.5   ERGONOMICS (MAN-MACHINE RELATIONSHIP)
      Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are associated with these
      factors:


      1. Work postures and movements,
      2. Repetitiveness and pace of work,
      3. Force of movements,
      4. Vibration, and
      5. Temperature.


      1.     Work postures and movements:
            For assembly jobs, materials are placed in a position such that the
             worker's strongest muscles do most of the work.
            For detailed work which involves close inspection of the materials, the
             workbench is lower than for work which is heavy.
            Hand tools that cause discomfort or injury are modified or replaced.
            Tasks requiring workers to stay in awkward positions, such as reaching,
             bending, or hunching over for long periods of time are avoided.
            With help of automated processes like automatic Bag Opening Device,
             there are fewer chances of workers to be affected by musculoskeletal
             injuries due to manual material handling.
            Workers are trained in proper lifting techniques. Standing work is
             minimized.
            Workers and equipment are positioned so that workers can perform their
             jobs with their upper arms at their sides and with their wrists straight in
             order to avoid musculoskeletal strains leading to disorders.


      2.     Repetitiveness and pace of work:
            Job assignments are rotated as and when possible to minimize the
             amount of time a worker spends doing a highly repetitive task, since
             repetitive work requires using the same muscles again and again and is
             usually very boring.


      3.     Force of movements:
            Task including more force is done with help of equipments wherever
             possible.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                99
            Puling carts and Lorries have been provided to workers for better and
             easy transportation.


      4.    Vibration:
           All the vibrating machines and equipments are operated by workers after
            wearing protective gloves.


      5.    Temperature:
           Temperature effect is generally seen in cold areas, since we are in Kutchh
            India, temperature effect is nil.


5.6   WORKPLACE MONITORING
      The key element of concern in an asbestos based industry is the work place
      monitoring. Our unit being a completely enclosed automated unit, there are very
      less chances of workplace pollution. Nevertheless, the workplace monitoring
      whether for asbestos or for all emissions is carried out every month at different
      work places through Membrane Filter method using Phase Contrast Microscope.
      The reports of the same are attached as Annexure 6.1.



5.7   RISK ASSESSMENT
      Risk assessment is enclosed separately as “On-site Emergency Plan” as
      Annexure – 9.5.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               100
                                                                   CHAPTER – 6
                            ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN


6.1   INTRODUCTION
      Any industrial development is associated with certain positive as well as negative
      impacts on the environment. However, the negative or adverse impacts can’t
      possibly discard scientific development. At the same time, adverse impacts can’t
      be neglected.


      An Environmental Management Plan has been prepared for mitigation of the
      adverse impacts. This plan helps in formulating, implementing and monitoring the
      environment parameters.


      The Environmental Management Plan describes in brief, the management’s plan
      for proper and adequate implementation of treatment and control system for
      pollutants and for maintaining the environment. It also includes development of
      green belt around the plant, proper safety of the workers, noise control, fire
      protection systems and measures.



6.2   ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT POLICY
      M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. is well aware of environmental requirements for
      planning and implementation of the project and has set up a department with
      trained personnel to take up responsibility for Environment, Safety and Health.



6.3   OBJECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
      The main objectives of Environmental Management Plan are:
       To treat the gaseous pollutants and hazardous wastes, those contribute to
          the degradation of the environment, with appropriate technology.

       To comply with all regulations stipulated by the Central / State Pollution
          Control Boards related to air emissions and liquid effluents discharges as per
          air and water pollution control laws.

       To handle hazardous wastes as per the Hazardous waste (Management &
          Handling Rules, 1989 and Amendment Rules 2003 and the current Hazardous




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               101
         Material (Management, Handling and Transboundry Movement) Rules 2007,
         as may be applicable.

       To encourage, support and conduct developmental work for the purpose of
         achieving    environmental   standards   and   to   improve   the   methods   of
         environmental management.

       To create good working conditions (avoidance of air and noise pollution) for
         employees.

       To promote further afforestation in the surrounding areas of the Plant

       To provide perspective budgeting and allocation of funds for environment
         management expenditure.

       To provide continuous development and search for innovative technologies
         for a cleaner and better environment.

       To reduce fire and accident hazards.



6.4   ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CELL
      A separate Environmental Management Cell as shown in Figure – 6.1 has been
      formed to undertake monitoring activities with respect to stack emissions,
      ambient air quality, noise levels etc. and to take preventive / mitigative actions
      in order to stop / reduce the adverse effects of the project on the surroundings
      either departmentally or by appointing external agencies, wherever necessary
      and the same will continue even after the expansion of the said project.


      Environmental Management Cell meets at least once a month to assess the
      progress and analyzes the data collected for the month. Any deviation / variation
      noticed is immediately taken into consideration for improvement. Yearly action
      plan of EMP is updated with respect to results achieved and proposed activities
      for next year


      This department also under takes the monitoring of the Asbestos concentration
      from process vents as well as at work place.


      M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. carry out the monitoring to ensure that the pollution
      is limited to allowable values and to take corrective action by either providing



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              102
      new equipment or by improving the performance of the existing pollution control
      equipment.


      In case the monitored results of environmental pollution are found to exceed the
      allowable values, the Environmental Management Cell suggests remedial action
      and   gets   these   suggestions   implemented   through   the   concerned   plant
      authorities. The actual operation and maintenance of pollution control equipment
      of each unit is under the respective plant managers.


      The Environmental Management Cell also co-ordinates with all the related
      activities such as collection of statistics of health of workers and population of
      the region and green belt development.


              FIGURE – 6.1: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CELL



                             General Manager




        Q.C.                     Personnel                     Production
       Officer                     Officer                      Manager




                                                             Shift In-Charge


6.5   HOUSEKEEPING
      Good housekeeping, proper and adequate ventilation and lighting have been
      arranged for better workplace area as per guidelines of Factory Act. Personal
      Protective Equipments like helmet, goggles, hand gloves, safety shoes, nose
      masks and ear protecting devices like ear plugs/ear muffs are provided to all the
      workers and same will be continued even after expansion.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              103
      Mill area and the fibre godown are cleaned with potable vacuum cleaner and floor
      area is cleaned by wet mopping. Further more, improvements will be done in
      housekeeping after the said expansion of the project.


6.6   FIRE SAFETY
      Adequate numbers of fire fighting equipments and extinguishers have been
      installed at the plant the details of which are given in Table No. 2.15 of
      Chapter-2. Thus there will be insignificant possibility of fire risk in the proposed
      expansion of the plant. Further details of Fire and safety are given in our “On-
      site Emergency Plan”. Moreover adequate fire fighting equipments as required
      will be installed after the said expansion of the project.


      Awareness of fire safety and housekeeping amongst the workers has been done
      by continuous training and some of the posters in the plant area have been
      shown in Figure – 6.2




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                104
       FIGURE - 6.2: PHOTOGRAPHS SHOWING POSTERS IN THE PLANT AREA
                 FOR AWARENESS OF HOUSEKEEPING AND FIRE




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6.7     POLLUTION              CONTROL           ARRANGEMENTS/MITIGATIVE
        MEASURES
        Pollution control arrangements / mitigative measures for different types /
        sources of pollution are presented in the Table No. 6.1


                                       TABLE NO. 6.1
            POLLUTION CONTROL ARRANGEMENTS/MITIGATIVE MEASURES

                                        Air Pollution
Sources           Control measures
Asbestos bag     The raw asbestos is received in 50 Kgs. polyethylene woven bags. These
opening          bags are opened in a fully automatic Bag Opening Device (BOD) with bag
                 shredder which completely avoids manual handling of either loose fibre or
                 fibre bag. The whole bag opening and shredding operations are enclosed
                 and are maintained under negative pressure with the help of bag filters and
                 a centrifugal fan. The fibre dust collector system is shown in Figure - 2.2
                 of Chapter – 2. The fibre bags cut open are being shredded into powder
                 and mixed with fibre so that no fibre particles sticking to bags will be let
                 into the atmosphere and same shall continue after expansion.
Cement silos,    Cement is received in bulk in tankers and pumped into the Cement Silo,
transfer lines   weighed in hopper by automatic weighing scale & charged into Cement
                 Conveyor. The Cement Dust Collector System is shown in Figure - 2.3 of
                 Chapter - 2.
Fly ash silos,   Fly Ash is received in bulk in tankers and pumped into Fly Ash Silo,
transfer lines   weighed in hopper by automatic weighing scale & charged into Fly Ash
                 Conveyor. The Fly Ash Dust Collector System is shown in Figure - 2.3 of
                 Chapter - 2.
Raw materials The processing of the Asbestos is done in a totally closed Bag Opening
mixing        Device (BOD) and water is sprinkled immediately in the machine to arrest
              any flying Asbestos fiber and same shall continue after expansion.
Pulverizing of   There is a provision of dust collectors for arresting any dust emanating in
broken /         the process of pulverizing and same shall continue after expansion.
rejected
pieces
Cutting &        There is a provision of dust collectors for arresting any dust emanating in
finishing        the process of cutting & turning.
operation

                                       Water Pollution
Domestic         Domestic effluent is disposed off through a septic tank/soak pit system.
wastewater
Industrial       Industrial waste water is recycled back into the closed system process.
wastewater       Thus, there is no industrial wastewater generation
                                       Noise Pollution
Pumps and        All vibrating equipments are checked and serviced periodically to reduce
machinery        noise generation. Noisy equipments have been enclosed in sound proofing
                 enclosures to give residual sound pressure lower than 75 dB (A). Suitable



   EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               106
                 protective devices have been provided to workers who are exposed to high
                 sound pressure levels. Furthermore, green belt area has also been
                 developed to help reduce noise level.
                                   Solid / hazardous Waste
Waste            Broken sheets generated during process are pulverized and recycled in the
asbestos         closed circuit process.
consisting of
broken sheet     Dry waste collected from the dust collector system is pulverized in ball mill
and powder       in wet condition and this slurry is recycled into the process.
collected
from cyclone
separator
Discarded        Discarded Drums/Carboys are sold to authorized recyclers.
drums/carbo
ys
Waste            Waste Lubricating oil is sold to authorized actual users.
lubricating
oil


       To reduce the fugitive emissions in the plant following measures have
       been taken:
               All loading and unloading operations have been provided enclosures. The
                fibre is unloaded in automatic bag opening device.
               All operations are carried out in closed chamber connected to dust
                collector system by trained personals.
               All the personnel handling fibre have been given Personal protective
                equipments such as Nose mask, Apron and Hand gloves.
               All transfer points are fully enclosed.


6.8    NOISE AND COMMUNICATION
       Due care has been taken during selection of equipment like compressors,
       pumps etc., and other machinery, to reduce noise generation. In addition to
       this, effective earmuffs and earplugs have been provided to working personnel
       and their use has been made obligatory in specified areas where noise level is
       high and unavoidable and the same shall continue even after the expansion of
       the said project.


       The existing noise level monitoring report has been attached as Annexure 6.1.
       The existing greenbelt area is helping abatement of the noise level to a certain
       extent, furthermore green belt area will be provided after the said expansion
       which will reduce the impact of noise considerably.




   EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               107
6.9       MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENT
          Regular monitoring of environmental parameters like air, water, noise, soil &
          meteorological data and safety measures within and around the plant is very
          important for any industry to take (pollution) mitigative actions. Ambient air
          quality, stack emissions and noise level monitoring is carried out as per the
          schedules set out in the Table No. 6.2 and the same will be continued after the
          proposed expansion.


                                         TABLE NO. 6.2
                                   MONITORING SCHEDULE
       Monitoring activity                             Schedule
                                      Meteorological Data
      Wind     velocity, wind
      direction, temperature,    Daily or as required by statutory authority.
      relative humidity
                                  Air Pollution Monitoring
      Stack Monitoring           Once a month or as specified by the CPCB.
      Ambient     air  quality
                                 Once every fortnight or as specified by the CPCB.
      within premises
      Ambient     air  quality
                                 Once every season or as specified by the CPCB.
      outside the premises
                                      Noise Monitoring
      Work zone noise levels     Once every quarter or as required by statutory authority.
      Ambient noise levels       Once every quarter or as required by statutory authority.
                                    Occupational Health
      Employee health check -
                                 Half yearly or as required by statutory authority.
      up


          The industry has an Environmental Laboratory, which is equipped with Personal
          Sampler with accessories like Filter Holders, Filter Paper, etc. for work zone
          monitoring.


          Dust measurement / monitoring is done at work zone as per the guidelines of
          Gujarat Pollution Control Board and Central Pollution Control Board. Samples
          are collected periodically and measured. Qualified and trained Chemist are
          conducting the monitoring and records are maintained. The previous monitoring
          records till now are attached as Annexure 6.1


          A facility for monitoring asbestos fibres will be established at the site. Details of
          arrangement for measurement and monitoring of asbestos fibre (Phase contrast
          microscope) is shown in Annexure 6.2. The industry will carry out the




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                     108
       monitoring of Asbestos concentration at work place as well as in stack gas
       emission. It will be taken care that the stack emission of Asbestos Fibre will not
       be more than 0.2 Fibre/cm3 (fibre/cc) and Asbestos Fibre at work zone will
       not be more than 0.1 Fibre/ cm3 (fibre/cc).


       The environmental pollution levels are maintained as per standards by
       conducting stack, ambient and noise monitoring by external agency and same
       will be continued even after the expansion of the said project.


6.10   OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
       All precautionary methods are adopted by the company to reduce the risk of
       exposure of employees to occupational safety and health hazards. Pre & post-
       medical check-up are carried out regularly and will be done regularly after the
       said expansion.


       All the employees are regularly examined and the medical records are
       maintained for each employee. Pulmonary function test and periodical medical
       check up are done once in every year.


       The following tests are conducted for each worker:
        Lung Function Test
        Radiology (Xray)
        General Clinical examination with emphasis on respiratory system
        Pre employment examinations
        Periodical medical examinations at cessation of employment and after
          cessation of employment


       Other than Xray, all the tests are conducted every year. Xray is taken once in
       three years.


       The raw material asbestos used in the plant is hazardous in nature, thus all the
       workers in the industry are well informed on the hazard associated with the
       asbestos. Moreover, Copies of Material safety data sheets for asbestos are kept
       with the unit and are available for the employee review. This practice will
       continue after the expansion of the project. The industry also organizes training




  EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                               109
       programme on the Health and Safety of the workers working in Asbestos
       related process.


       For the safety of the workers, personnel protective appliances like hand gloves,
       goggles, aprons etc are provided. Nose masks are provided at places, where
       there is possibility of dust generation and asbestos fibre processing area. Ear
       muffs are provided to the workers exposed to the noisy sources.


       Adequate facilities for drinking water and toilets are provided to the employees.
       Proper ventilation system is provided in the process area.


6.11   GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT AND AFFORESTATION
       Tree plantation is one of the effective remedial measures, which controls the
       Air Pollution. It also causes aesthetic and climatological improvements of an
       area as well as sustains and supports the biosphere.


       It is a well-established fact that trees and vegetation act as a vast natural sink
       for gaseous and particulate air pollutants due to enormous surface area of
       leaves. Plantation around the air pollution sources controls the Air Pollution by
       filtering particulate matter and interacting with gaseous pollutants before it
       reaches the earth. Tree plantation also acts as buffers and absorbers for
       accidental release of pollutants.


       An existing greenbelt of area of 12300 m2 is developed by M/s. Ramco
       Industries limited. An additional 4700 m2 of greenbelt development will take
       place during the proposed expansion of the project. Trees like Neem, Pungai,
       Vagai, Subabel and Citrus etc. have a high canopy cover effect and have been
       grown in the green belt.


       Selection of Trees
       The choice of trees species, suitable for plantation at the Industry Site, has
       been governed by the following guiding factors:


           The tree should be able to grow and thrive on soil of the areas, be
            evergreen, in habitat, having minimum of leaf fall.
           The tree must be tolerant to all the pollutants present in the area.




   EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                              110
       The tree must be a tall in peripheral curtain plantation and with large and
        spreading canopy in the primary and secondary attenuation zones.
       The tree should possess extensive foliar area to provide maximum
        impinging surface for continued efficient adsorption and absorption of
        pollutants.
       The tree should be fast growing and indigenous.
       The tree should maintain ecological, land and hydrological balance of the
        region.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                           111
                                                                         CHAPTER-7
                            ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT

7.1   INTRODUCTION
      Any project or an action leaves positive or negative impact on the surrounding
      environment, and neighbourhood. They may also vary in terms magnitude and
      duration. As a result, a natural question arises as to what is the “collective” or
      “overall” environmental impact of the project or action taken. Is the project
      beneficial or is it adverse? To answer such a question requires a comparison of
      these impacts and to some extent subjective evaluation of which impacts are
      more important than others.


      In case of this project, the impact of the project is evaluated with respect to
      various activities during erection as well as operational phase.


7.2   AIR ENVIRONMENT
      The general meteorological data collected during the study period confirms that
      climatic status of the study area is consistent with the regional meteorology.


      Based on the ambient air quality monitoring carried out in the study area and
      ground level concentration evaluated by Dispersion Modelling, it is found that
      incremental values due to the operation of proposed project will be well within the
      permissible limit of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for the industrial
      area.


      Based on the above it may be concluded that there would not be any adverse
      impacts on surrounding air environment within the study area due to the
      proposed project.


7.3   WATER ENVIRONMENT
      Base line study reveals that the ground water quality in the study area meets the
      standards specified by the Indian Standard 10500, 1991, except at few villages
      namely Khambhara, Ajapar, and Tapar.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                  112
      The total water requirement after the proposed expansion will be 95 m3 / day.
      Narmada water will be obtained to fulfill the requirement. Domestic wastewater
      will be disposed off through a Septic Tank / Soak Pit system and industrial
      wastewater will be recycled in the process. Thus there will be no any industrial
      wastewater generation.


      Thus, there would not be any adverse impacts on water environment due to the
      proposed expansion project.


7.4   NOISE ENVIRONMENT
      Noise level in the surrounding study area is well within the permissible limits
      given by the National Noise Quality Standards. Noise level in the factory premises
      is controlled at the source itself by providing appropriate noise suppressing
      systems.


      Thus, no significant adverse impact on the noise environment is likely to occur
      due to the proposed project.


7.5   ECOLOGY
      The Flora and Fauna of the study area indicate that there are well diversified
      species in the study area, which goes on to prove that impact on Flora and Fauna
      has been negligible. All the necessary air pollution control measures have been
      provided for the existing project and the same will be continued even after the
      said expansion. Thus there will not be any adverse impact of air pollution on the
      surrounding ecology.


      It may be noted the M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. has developed a large green belt
      of area 12300 m2. An additional 4700 m2 of greenbelt development will take place
      during the proposed expansion which will help in inviting small birds and animals
      and other creatures to proliferate.


      Thus, the proposed project will not have any adverse impact on the ecology.


7.6   SOCIO - ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
      The industry has employed about 116 employees viz. including skilled labour,
      unskilled labour and office staff from the local area. After the proposed expansion



EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                 113
      of the project there may be few direct & indirect job opportunities, support
      services like transport and ancillary workshop would further enhance employment
      potential.


      Local people have been given preference wherever found suitable for all the jobs
      in the plant, direct as well as indirect. Economic status of the local people has
      improved due to the increased business opportunities, thereby, making a positive
      impact. Educational, medical and housing facilities in the study area have
      considerably improved.


      Thus, the proposed expansion of the project will have significant positive impact
      on the employment pattern of the study area.


7.7   SUMMARY OF THE EIA STUDY
      The salient features of the impact on environment due to the proposed expansion
      project can be summarized as follows:
       No ecological damage will occur.
       Negligible impacts will occur on air quality. However, all the necessary air
         pollution control measures will be provided.
       No adverse impacts will occur on water environment.
       Local employment opportunities will increase.
       Various other environmental parameters like Forest / National Park /
         Sanctuary and Religious / Historical Places will not be affected.


      However it may be noted that,
       Environmental Management Plan has been formulated to control all the
         pollutant parameters and Environmental Management Cell has been set-up to
         ensure that these parameters do not exceed the norms set out by the
         concerned authorities.
       Also after the proposed expansion the Environmental Management Cell will
         take care of all the pollution control measures.


      Overall, the proposed expansion project of M/s. Ramco Industries Ltd. would not
      have significant adverse impact on the surrounding environment.




EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED                                                114
                                                                          CHAPTER  8
                                                       CONSULTANT ENGAGED

                               M/s. ANAND CONSULTANTS (ISO 9001: 2008 Certified)
                                                                           16, Everest Tower,
                                                                        Nr. Pallav cross road,
                                                                                  Naranpura,
                                                                       Ahmedabad – 380 013.
                                                                        Ph: (079) 2748 4871
                                                                        Fax: (079) 2748 0116


                                                                                     Years of
        Name             Area of Expertise               Qualification
                                                                                    Experience
Mr. Rakesh C. Shah -                                      B.Tech (IIT),
                          Chemical Engineer                                              33
Chief Executive                                           M.S (U.S.A.)
Ms. Megha Parmar          Chemical Engineer              B.E. (Chemical)                 4
Mr. Nilesh Rathod         Chemical Engineer              B.E. (Chemical)                 4
                            Environmental             M.E. (Environment),
Mr. Hardik Patel                                                                         2
                              Engineer               M.Env.(Env Protection)
Ms. Vaibhavi R. Nagar   Environmental Engineer         B.E. (Environment)                1
                                                 M.Tech. (Civil–Env Engineering),
Mr. Awadhesh Kumar      Environmental Engineer                                           1
                                                  M.Sc. (Environmental Science)
Ms. Chandralekha                                 M-Tech. (Civil–Env Engineering),
                        Environmental Engineer                                          0.5
Bharti                                            M.Sc. (Environmental Science)
                                                      B.Sc. (Microbiology),
Mrs. Purvi Patel        Environmental sciences                                          1.5
                                                 M.Sc. (Environmental Sciences)
                                                      B.Sc. (Biochemistry),
Ms. Dipal Shah          Environmental sciences                                           2
                                                 M.Sc. (Environmental Sciences)
                                                        B.Sc. (Chemistry)
Mrs. Neel P. Patel      Environmental sciences                                           1
                                                 M.S.(Environmental Technology)
Mr. Prabhat Shandilya   Environmental sciences   M.Sc. (Environmental Sciences)          2
Mr. Haresh Makwana             Chemist                  B.Sc. (Chemistry)                2
Mr. Ashvin Zala           Civil Draughtsman                   I.T.I.                     11




                                                                                              115
     EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
                                                                         CHAPTER – 9
                                                       TOR & ITS COMPLIANCE


      9.1   COPY OF TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR) LETTER
            A copy of TOR letter as issued by Ministry of Environment & Forest is attached as
            Annexure –1.3 at the end of this report.



      9.2   CLARIFICATIONS, INFORMATION AND DATA AS REQUIRED
            IN TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR) LETTER
            This has reference to the letter number F. No. J-11011/183/2010-IA-II (I) dated
            12th August, 2010 from Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India
            and the various clarifications requested therein. A tabular chart with index for
            point wise compliance is as given below:


Sr.    Terms of Reference                                    Compliance
No.
1.     Executive Summary of Executive summery of the project in English as well as in vernacular
       the project.         language Gujarati are both given in the beginning of this report.

2.     Photograph    of   the   Attached as Annexure - 9.1
       plant area.

3.     Compliance   to   the    Attached as Annexure – 1.4
       conditions stipulated
       in the environmental
       clearance / NOC from
       the SPCB.

4.     Modern      up-to-date   Our plant consists of automatic bag opening device. Please refer
       Asbestos plant with      Section 2.4 of Chapter - 2
       automatic bag opening
       devices    should   be
       installed.

5.     The safety measures      Asbestos Fibre is imported from Canada, Russia & Brazil in Ships to
       adopted during import    Mundra Port. Consignments are in closed sealed containers. Fibre bags
       and    transport    of   are in polythene woven bags and stacking in 2 M.T wooden pallet with
       Asbestos from Canada     shrink wrapping and unloaded with forklift from container and stacked
       or any other country     neatly in the Godown without damaging the wrapping.
       should be included.

6.     Present land use of      Please refer Section 3.7 of Chapter – 3 for present land use of study
       study area for 10 Km     area for 10 Km radius.
       radius    should    be   Please refer Annexure 1.2 for detailed topographical map indicating
       included.     Detailed   drainage pattern and other features of the area.


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Sr.    Terms of Reference                                           Compliance
No.
       topographical         map
       indicating       drainage
       pattern     and     other
       features of the area
       should       also        be
       included.
7.     Proposal should be             Since ours is an expansion project no new land area is acquired. The
       submitted       to     the     proposed expansion of the project will be carried out in the existing
       Ministry                for    premises with utilization of the existing machinery.
       environment clearance
       only after acquiring
       total land. Necessary
       documents indicating
       acquisition of land viz.
       allotment letter should
       be included.
8.     High-resolution                Please refer Annexure 1.2
       satellite image data
       having 1m-5m spatial
       resolution             like
       quickbird, Ikonos, IRS
       P-6 pan sharpened
       etc. for the 10 km
       radius     area      from
       proposed site should
       be incorporated. The
       same should be used
       for land used /land-
       cover mapping of the
       area.
9.     Project    site    layout      Please refer Figure-1.4 of Chapter - 1 for Project layout plan.
       plan, raw materials,
       fly ash and other
       storage plans, bore
       well or water storage,
       aquifers     (within      1
       Km.) dumping, waste
       disposal, green areas,
       water             bodies,
       rivers/drainage
       passing through the
       project site should be
       included.
10.    Cumulative data base           A) As far as air emissions with respect to aerosol, aerosol size, CO, CO2,
       of last 2 yrs. for                NO, NH4 our manufacturing process is such that the same would not
       emissions             e.g.        be applicable.
       aerosols size, optical
       depth,      CO,      CO2,        Details of emission parameter as well as ambient air quality had been
       surface       and        air     attached as Annexure A and Annexure A1.
       temperature, NO, CH4,            We have not carried out monitoring with respect to surface and air
       anions/cations/trace             temperature during the last 2 years. However, we have now started
       metals as given below            monitoring of these temperatures and shall be able to provide
       in surface/subsurface            baseline data with respect to the same from now onwards.

                                                                                                 117
      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                           Compliance
No.
       water with present GW       B) a) We have not carried out monitoring with respect to anion, cations
       level      and       its       and trace metal in surface and subsurface water during the last 2
       fluctuation for last 5-        years. However, we have now started monitoring of these anions,
       10 yrs from CGWB.
                                      cations and trace metal and shall be able to provide baseline data
                                      with respect to this from now onwards.

                                      b) We have not carried out ground water level evaluation during last
                                      two years. However we have now started monitoring of the same and
                                      shall be able to provide baseline data with respect to this from now
                                      onwards.
                                      c) As far as the reported fluctuation of the ground water level during
                                      the last 4-5 decades details of the same had been attached as
                                      Annexure B.

11.    For the project lying       Infact, there is no river which flows on perennial (full year) basis within 10 km
       within 10 km radius of      radius of the project site.
       any major river, Flood
       Hazard         Zonation
       Mapping is required at
       1:5000 to 1;10,000
       scale indicating the
       peak and lean river
       discharge as well as
       flood        occurrence
       frequency.
12.    Geo-technical data by       Since Kutchh has experienced a recent earthquake; a earthquake risk
       a bore hole of upto 40      management as well as seismic hazard evaluation has already been
       mts. in every One sq.       carried out by government of India.
       km area such as
       ground water level,
       SPTN      values,    soil
       fineness,       geology,
       shear wave velocity
       etc. for liquefaction
       studies. This will help
       making       a    future
       Seismic Hazard and
       Earthquake          Risk
       Management area.
13.    Site-specific     micro-    Please refer Section -          3.4   of   Chapter     -   3   for   site-specific
       meteorological      data    micrometeorological data
       including      inversion
       height    and     mixing
       height     should     be
       included.

14.    Details of the other        Man Industries India Ltd
       industries located in       Dist – 8 Km West-North
       10 km radius should         Anjar Mundra National Highway
       be included.                Pipe & Coaling Complex
                                   Survey No. 485/2, Village: Khedoi, Tq: Anjar, Dist: Kutch
                                   Phone:- 2836 – 275726, 275757


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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                                   Compliance
No.
15.    One season base line           Please refer Sections - 3.3, 3.5, 3.6 and 3.7 of Chapter - 3.
       data on air, water, soil
       & noise etc. should be
       included
16.    A         chapter        on    Please refer Section-1.1 of Chapter-1 for chemistry of asbestos.
       chemistry of asbestos,
       handling of asbestos           Please refer Section-2.5 of Chapter-2 for handling and storage arrangement
       material, precautions          for asbestos.
       proposed for the direct
                                      Since asbestos fibre is handled by a complete closed system there is no any
       contact, arrangements          possibility of direct contact. Even though all workers use nose masks, apron and
       made for storage and           other personnel protective equipments as provided by us and also fiber is
       monitoring of asbestos         handled by only trained persons.
       fibres       etc.     other
       details as per given           i.   Not applicable as we are not a glass/mirror industry.
       below:
          i. Size of silica sand,
                                      ii.GPS of the mines ultimately from where asbestos is sourced are as per
             transportation,
                                      following:
             storage, spillway of
             melt              and                   Source/location         Longitude           Latitude
             temperature                                 of mines
             management         for                 Russia                   61o 27' 23" E       57o 0' 37" N
             float   glass     and
             mirror       Industry                  Canada                   71o 22' W           46o 02' N
             along with silicosis                   Brazil                   48o 15' 50o W       13o 32' 32o S
             management and
             toxicity studies and
                                      Only Chrysotile variety of asbestos fibre alone imported from various
             management         for
                                      countries like Russia, Canada, Brazil & Zimbabwe. Fibre bags are stored in
             Ag etc.                  wooden pellets with shrink wrapping and transported through sea upto Mundra
         ii. Source            and    port in closed containers. Properties of Chrysotile Asbestos are:
             location            of
             Asbestos       (GPS)                       Common Name               :   Chrysotile
             even if imported,                          Chemical Name             :   Hydrated
             size in F/ml, levels                                                     Magnesium Silicate
             in     environment,                        Molecular Formula         :   Mg6 [(OH)4Si2O5]2
             Chemical                                   Colour                    :   White to Grey
                                                        Tensile Strength, psi     :   300,000
             composition of raw
                                                        Modulus of elasticity     :   23.2 x 10^6
             material            as                     Hardness, Mohs            :   2.5 – 4.0
             especially amount                          Flexibility               :   Good
             of         Tremolite,                      Specific Gravity          :   2.5 – 4.0
             Crocidolite,                               Specific         Heat,    :   0.266
             Amosite and other                          Btu/ib/F
             amphiboles,                                pH                        :   10.3
             Hexavalent                                 Refractive Index          :   1.50 – 1.55
                                                        Fibril, diameter, A       :   160 – 300
             chromium in raw
                                                        Surface area BET          :   17 – 60
             material especially
                                                        sq.M/gm
             in serpentine, talc                        Coefficient of cubical    :   5 x 10^-5
             and       chrysotile,                      expansion, deg F
             Electron                                   Charge in water           :   Positive
             microscopy,      XRD
             and           Raman                        Isoelectric point         :   11.3 – 11.8
             Spectra studies.
        iii. Health                   iii. Please refer Annexure 9.6 for the Health Management Plan.
             Management Plan


                                                                                                             119
      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                         Compliance
No.
           for   Mesothalmia,
           Lung cancer and
           Asbestosis related
           problems        in
           asbestos
           industries.

17.    Petrological         and     We use only chrysotile variety of asbestos fiber as raw material. GPS of
       Chemical analysis and        the locations from where chrysotile is sourced are as per following:
       other          chemical
       properties     of     raw                Source/location    Longitude         Latitude
       materials used (with                        of mines
       GPS location of source                   Russia             61o 27' 23" E     57o 0' 37" N
       of raw material) i.e.                    Canada
       ores, minerals, rock,                                       71o 22' W         46o 02' N
       soil,    coal,      iron,                Brazil             48o 15' 50o W     13o 32' 32o S
       dolomite quartz etc.
       using high definition             Properties of Chrysotile Asbestos are:
       and            precision
       instruments                                 Common Name             :   Chrysotile
       mentioning          their                   Chemical Name           :   Hydrated
       detection range and                                                     Magnesium
       methodology         such                                                Silicate
       Digital Analyzers, AAS                      Molecular Formula       :   Mg6[(OH)4Si 2O5]2
       with Graphite furnace,                      Colour                  :   White to Grey
       ICPMS,          MICRO-                      Tensile     Strength,   :   300,000
       WDXRF, EPMA, XRD,                           psi
       Nano studies or at                          Modulus            of   :   23.2 x 10^6
       least as per I30-10500                      elasticity
       and     WHO       norms.                    Hardness, Mohs          :   2.5 – 4.0
       These analysis should                       Flexibility             :   Good
       include trace element                       Specific Gravity        :   2.5 – 4.0
       and metal studies like                      Specific        Heat,   :   0.266
       Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb,                     Btu/ib/F
       Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.                          pH                      :   10.3
       Presence                of                  Refractive Index        :   1.50 – 1.55
       radioactive elements                        Fibril, diameter, A     :   160 – 300
       (U, Th etc.).                               Surface area BET        :   17 – 60
                                                   sq.M/gm
                                                   Coefficient        of   :   5 x 10^-5
                                                   cubical expansion,
                                                   deg F
                                                   Charge in water         :   Positive

                                                   Isoelectric point       :   11.3 – 11.8




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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                         Compliance
No.
18.    Petrography,        grain   As far as Raw material is concerned Petrography of the same is as per
       size     analysis    and    following:
       Major            element
       analysis      of     raw                    Common Name             :    Chrysotile
       material and soil from                      Chemical Name           :    Hydrated
       project site and raw                                                     Magnesium
       material should be                                                       Silicate
       done on the same                            Molecular Formula       :    Mg6[(OH)4Si 2O5]2
       parameters along with                       Colour                  :    White to Grey
       analysis     for    SiO2,                   Tensile     Strength,   :    300,000
       Al 2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O,                      psi
       CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5,                      Modulus            of   :    23.2 x 10^6
       H2O, CO2.                                   elasticity
                                                   Hardness, Mohs          :    2.5 – 4.0
                                                   Flexibility             :    Good
                                                   Specific Gravity        :    2.5 – 4.0
                                                   Specific        Heat,   :    0.266
                                                   Btu/ib/F
                                                   pH                      :    10.3
                                                   Refractive Index        :    1.50 – 1.55
                                                   Fibril, diameter, A     :    160 – 300
                                                   Surface area BET        :    17 – 60
                                                   sq.M/gm
                                                   Coefficient        of   :    5 x 10^-5
                                                   cubical expansion,
                                                   deg F
                                                   Charge in water         :    Positive

                                                    Isoelectric point   : 11.3 – 11.8
                                   Soil analysis has been carried out and results of analysis are tabulated in
                                   following table:

                                    Location            Project Site Khambhara Nagalpar Anjar    Sinugra
                                    pH                          8.45       7.9      8.5      8.1     7.9
                                    Moisture Content
                                    (%)                       6.52           5.27             6.2       5.8     4.97
                                    Nitrogen as N (%)        0.024          0.015          0.029     0.036     0.026
                                    Total Phosphorus
                                    as P (%)                 0.029          0.031          0.022     0.021     0.047
                                    Potassium as K
                                    (%)                     0.0052         0.0037      0.0065       0.0074    0.0084
                                    Sodium
                                    Absorption Ratio
                                    (%)                       3.92             4.58         4.69       3.9      6.52
19.    If the rocks, ores, raw     Not applicable because it is asbestos fibre.
       material    has   trace
       elements           their
       petrography,        ore
       microscopy,       XRD,
       elemental      mapping
       EPMA, XRF is required


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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                         Compliance
No.
       to     quantify     the
       amount present in it
       and hence future risk
       involved while using it
       and       management
       plan.
20.    Mode of transport of       Mode of Transport: Raw Material
       raw materials from         a) Asbestos Fibre: Imported from Canada, Russia & Brazil in Ships to
       sources are to be               Mundra Port. Consignments are in closed sealed containers. Fibre
       shown. All the trucks           bags are in polythene woven bags and stacking in 2 M.T wooden
       for raw material and            pallet with shrink wrapping and unloaded with forklift from container
       finished        product         and stacked neatly in the Godown without damaging the wrapping
       transportation    must     b) Cement: Received from Sanghi Cement (Bhuj) and Ultratech
       be     Environmentally          Cement in bulk tankers and pumped to cement silo of 250 MT
       Competent.                      capacities by Air composer.
                                  c) Flyash: Flyash received from Wanakbori Thermal Power Station in 1
                                       MT Jumbo bags in trucks and used in wet form.
21.    Studies     are    also    There will be no muck disposal, slurry, sludge material generated. All the
       required             for   solid waste generated is recycled back into the process whereas the
       management of muck         Waste Oil and discarded drums will be sold off to authorized users and
       disposal,       slurry,    recyclers respectively.
       sludge material and        Please refer Section 2.7.4 of Chapter-2
       solid waste generated
       if the raw materials
       used      has     trace
       elements      and      a
       management plan.

22.    Air quality modelling      i. Asbestos fibre emission in g/sec is as per following:
       for     the    Asbestos
       handling        system.             Stack             APC      Date     of      Asbestos
       Ambient air quality                 attached to                monitoring       Fiber* as
       monitoring modelling                                                          total dust in
       along with cumulative                                                             g/sec
       impact. Following are               Fibre     dust    Bag       17-07-10      <0.000769
       to be included as an                collector         filter    17-04-10      <0.000905
       annexure for the day                system
       (24 hrs) considered                                             22-01-10      <0.000814
       for maximum GLC:
        i. Emissions              *on 100% asbestos fibre basis.
           (g/second)      with
           and without the air       Particulate matter emission in g/sec is as per following:
           pollution    control
           measures.                       Stack             APC      Date     of      Total dust
       ii. Meteorological                  attached to                monitoring        in g/sec
           inputs         (wind            Fibre     dust    Bag       17-07-10         0.000769
           speed, m/s), wind               collector         filter    17-04-10         0.000905
           direction, ambient              system                      22-01-10         0.000814
           air    temperature,
           cloud         cover,            Cement dust       Bag       17-07-10          0.12459
           relative humidity &             collector         filter    17-04-10          0.04320
           mixing height) on               system
                                                                       22-01-10          0.12659
           hourly basis


                                                                                                 122
      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.     Terms of Reference                                               Compliance
No.
       iii. Model            input
            options for terrain,       ii.    Please see Annexure-4.1(B) For meteorological inputs.
            plume             rise,
            deposition etc.            iii.   It may be noted that the terrain surrounding the factory is plain and
       iv. Print-out of model                 therefore no options related to terrain have been considered with
            input and output                  respect to either the plume rise or the deposition.
            on hourly and daily
            average basis.             iv.    Print out of ISCST model input and out put on hourly and daily
        v. A graph of daily                   average basis is attached as Annexure-4.1(C).
            averaged
            concentration              v.     Contour graphs showing ground level concentration of SPM as well
            (MGLC       scenario)             as Asbestos fibre are shown in Annexure-4.1(D). These graphs
            with       downwind               are based on 1st highest 24 hour average concentrations evaluated
            distance at every                 from ISCST model.
            500     m     interval
            covering the exact                    Maximum computed ground level concentrations
            location of GLC.                                    Of pollutants
       vi. Details       of      air
            pollution      control
            methods used with                               Co-ordinates
            percentage                                                         GLC value of Max.
                                                                                                         Permissible
            efficiency that are          Pollutants                            24 hour Average
            used for emission                               XR          YR                                  Limit
            rate      estimation                                                 concentration
            with respect          to
            each pollutant                                                                                200.00**
                                        SPM*             433.01     250.0        4.5152 g/m3
      vii. Applicable            air                                                                       g/m3
            quality standards                                                    0.00018 g/m3
            as      per      LULC       Asbestos
                                                         433.01     250.0       (0.0000029 fibre/       2.0# fibre/cm3
            covered      in     the     Fibre
                                                                                     cm3)@
            study area and %
            contribution of the
            proposed plant to           Note:
            the applicable Air
                                         *Stack attached to Fly Ash Dust Collector is considered as origin (0,0).
            quality     standard.
            In       case         of     ** Permissible limits as per the National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ)
            expansion project,
                                               Standards.
            the      contribution
            should be inclusive          #     Permissible limit   as    per   Asbestos   Mines   and    Mills   Release
            of both existing
                                               Regulations, Canadian Environmental Protection Act.
            and        expanded
            capacity.                    @ For conversion of g/m3 to fibre/cm3 Please see Annexure-4.1(E)
      viii. No. I-VII are to be
                                         vi. Details of air pollution control equipments with % efficiency
            repeated             for
                                         are as per following:
            fugitive emissions
            and     any     other
            source            type
            relevant and used
            for industry
       ix. Graphs of monthly
            average           daily
            concentration with
            down-wind


                                                                                                         123
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Sr.    Terms of Reference                                            Compliance
No.
           distance                        Sr.    Stack       Dia- Height     Air               %
       x. Specify when and                 No.   Attached     meter from   Pollution        Efficiency
           where the ambient                        To         (m)   G.L.   Control
           air          quality                                      (m)  Equipment
           standards        are                  Fibre
           exceeded      either                  Dust
           due      to      the             1                  0.3     15.0   Bag Filter       > 99
                                                 Collector
           proposed       plant                  System
           alone or when the
           plant contribution                    Cement
           is added to the                       Dust
                                           2                   0.4     15.0   Bag Filter       >99
           background        air                 Collector
           quality.                              System
      xi. Fugitive         dust                  Fly Ash
           protection or dust                    Dust
                                            3                  0.3     15.0   Bag Filter       >99
           reduction                             Collector
           technology        for                 System
           workers within 30                     Pulverizer
           m of the plant                        Dust
                                            4                 0.25     15.0    Bag Filter       >99
           active areas.                         Collector
      xii. Existing       stack                  System
           emission data and
           fibre concentration       Also the measures to control air pollution are given in Table no. 2.11 of
           in the work zone.
                                           Chapter-2.
                                   vii. Please see Annexure-4.1(F)

                                   viii.    Not applicable as we handle asbestos fiber in a complete closed
                                            circuit. So there cannot be any fugitive emission.
                                   ix.      It may be noted that Asbestos concentration in downwind
                                            direction has been found to be not detected. Therefore it can not
                                            be represented graphically.
                                   x.       Background air quality except SPM at Anjar city is within the
                                            permissible limits as specified by NAAQ standards. Please refer
                                            Table No. 3.3 of Chapter 3 for back ground air quality. After
                                            contribution of the proposed expansion back ground air quality is
                                            stated Annexure-4.1(F).
                                   xi.      We handle asbestos fibre in a complete closed circuit. So there
                                            cannot be any fugitive emission. Even though all personnel
                                            handling fibre have been given personal protective equipments
                                            such as nose mask, apron and handgloves.
                                   x.       Existing stack emission data and fiber concentration in work zone
                                            are given in Annexure-4.1(G).


23.    Sources of secondary        Please refer Section-6.7 of Chapter-6 for the sources of emission and
       emissions, its control      its control measures.
       and monitoring as per
       the CPCB guidelines
       and latest notification
       vide G.S.R. 414(E)
       dated 30th May, 2008


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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                            Compliance
No.
       should be included.
24.    Chemical                             We have selected locations of AAQ monitoring stations in the down
       characterization    of               wind direction. Please see wind rose and also the figure showing
       RSPM               and               the stated locations in Section 3.3 of chapter 3.
       incorporation of RSPM
       data. Location of one                RSPM concentration at the selected locations is as per following:
       AAQMS in downwind
       direction.
                                      Sr.     Location          Concentration (µg/m3)             Permissible
                                      N0                                                             Limit
                                       .                                                           (µg/m3)
                                                           Maximum      Minimum        98th
                                                                                    Percentile
                                      1.     Project         65.45        41.99       64.98             100
                                             Site
                                      2.     Khambhara       48.94        48.94        48.94            100
                                      3.     Nagalpar        41.34        41.34        41.34            100
                                      4.     Anjar            77.3         77.3        77.3             100
                                      5.     Sinugra         48.75        48.75        48.75            100
25.    Action plan to follow         We shall set-up a permanent ambient air monitoring station in the
       National Ambient Air          general downstream direction and will monitor PM 2.5 as well as PM 10
       Quality         Emission      at the said station on a regular basis.
       Standards issued by
       the     Ministry      vide
       G.S.R.     No.     826(E)
       dated 16th November,
       2009       should        be
       included.
26.    Action       plan       for   Please see Annexure-9.2 for rain water harvesting details.
       rainwater harvesting
       measures at plant site
       should be submitted
       to harvest rainwater
       from the roof tops and
       storm water drains to
       recharge the ground
       water and also to use
       for      the      various
       activities     at      the
       project       site       to
       conserve fresh water
       and reduce the water
       requirement          from
       other sources.       Rain
       water harvesting and
       groundwater recharge
       structures may also be
       constructed       outside
       the plant premises in
       consultation with local
       Gram Panchayat and
       Village     Heads        to


                                                                                                  125
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Sr.    Terms of Reference                                          Compliance
No.
       augment the ground
       water               level.
       Incorporation of water
       harvesting plan for the
       project is necessary, if
       source of water is bore
       well.
27.    Actual    source       and    The source of water is Narmada Water from Gujarat Infrastructure Ltd,
       permission      for    the    Gandhinagar. The copy of permission attached as Annexure 9.3 of EIA
       drawl of water from           report.
       bore well from the
       SGWB/CGWA               or    Please refer Section-2.5 of Chapter-2 for source of water and, water
       concerned       authority     balance data, quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused.
       and    water balance          Wastewater generated is reused again in the process itself so as to
       data including quantity       conserve the water.
       of effluent generated,
       recycled and reused
       and discharged is to
       be provided. Methods
       adopted/to be adopted
       for      the        water
       conservation       should
       be included.
28.    Ground              water     Please refer Section-3.5 of Chapter-3.
       monitoring minimum
       at 8 locations should
       be included.
29.    Scheme for proper             Please refer sections 2.5 and 2.7 of chapter -2.
       storage of asbestos
       fibres and disposal of
       solid/hazardous waste
       should be included.
30.    Presence                 of   We have already provided a water harvesting set-up to allow recharge of
       aquifer/aquifers within       the nearby aquifer. It may be noted that, no bore well water will be used
       1 km of the project           since we have supply of Narmada water.
       boundaries should be
       included. Management
       plan for recharging the
       aquifer     should      be
       given so as to limit the
       water          extraction
       within       permissible
       limit of CWC or CGWB
       should be included.
31.    Source                  of    Narmada canal water will be used for the proposed project. We will not
       surface/ground water          use any ground water. We also propose rain water harvesting scheme
       level,    site     (GPS),     after the said expansion. Details of the said scheme are given in
       cation,    anion      (Ion    Annexure-9.2.
       Chromatograph),
       metal trace element           Please see Annexure-9.3 showing permission for Narmada water drawl.
       (as above) chemical
       analysis for water to         Narmada water line is inside the premises just near our north side
       be used. If surface           fencing.


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No.
       water is used from
       river,             rainfall,
       discharge             rate,
       quantity, drainage and
       distance from project
       site should also be
       included.
32.    Ground water analysis          Not applicable, because we do not and will not use any ground water.
       with bore well data,
       litho-logs, drawdown
       and recovery tests to
       quantify the area and
       volume of aquifer and
       its         management
       should be included.
33.    Ground               water     Not applicable, because we do not and will not use any ground water.
       modeling showing the
       pathways         of     the
       pollutants should be
       included.
34.    Column leachate study          No waste is stored or disposed either in the liquid or solid form.
       for    all     types     of
       stockpiles or waste
       disposal      sites,     at
       20oC-50oC should be
       conducted              and
       included.
35.    All samplings for water        It may be noted that we use Narmada water and that Kutch is a scanty
       have to be done                rainfall area and therefore water conditions are almost the same
       during       the      peak     throughout the year.
       summer                time
       (Sampling         number,
       dates and standard
       deviation should be
       included).
36.    Incorporation of water         Our water supply is through Narmada water supply. Nevertheless we
       harvesting plan for the        propose rain water harvesting. A scheme showing the proposed rain
       project is necessary, if       water harvesting is shown in Annexure-9.2.
       source of water is bore
       well       should        be
       ensured.
37.    Provision of traps and         Not applicable because there is no actual waste water generated from
       treatment plants are           the process. The negligible amount of waste water generated is recycled
       to be made, if water is        back into the process itself. Thus, there is no possibility of mixing of
       getting mixed with oil,        water with oil, grease and cleaning agents.
       grease and cleaning
       agents      should       be
       included.

38.    If the water is mixed          Not applicable because there is no actual waste water generated from
       with solid particulates,       the process. The negligible amount of waste water generated is recycled
       proposal for sediment          back into the process itself. Thus there is no possibility of mixing of
       pond before further            water with solid particulates.


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Sr.    Terms of Reference                                        Compliance
No.
       transport should be
       included.            The
       sediment           pond
       capacity should be
       100       times      the
       transport capacity.
39.    Wastewater                  Not applicable because there is no actual waste water generated from
       characteristics (heavy      the process. The negligible amount of waste water generated is recycled
       metals, anions and          back into the process itself.
       cations, trace metals,
       PAH) from asbestos
       bearing         effluent
       should be included.

40.    The     pathways      for   Not applicable because no liquid effluent is to be discharged.
       pollution via seepages,
       evaporation, residual
       remains are to be
       studied for surface
       water         (drainage,
       rivers, ponds, lakes),
       sub-surface          and
       ground water with a
       monitoring           and
       management         plans
       should be included.
41.    All stock piles should      Not applicable, because no stock piles exist.
       be on top of a stable
       liner to avoid leaching
       of materials to ground
       water.
42.    The green belt should       We shall ensure an ultimate goal of 33% green belt area against our
       be around the project       existing approximately 25%.
       boundary in 33 %
       area and a scheme for
       greening       of    the
       traveling roads should
       also be incorporated.
       All    rooftops/terraces
       should      have   some
       green cover.
43.    The details of green        Please see Figure 1.4 of Chapter – 1.
       belt plan along SE
       direction of the plant
       area.
44.    Disaster Management         Please refer Annexure – 9.5.
       Plan     including   risk
       assessment           and
       damage control needs
       to be addressed and
       included.
45.    Arrangements for the        Regular medical check up of the workers is being done at the premises;
       proper monitoring of        please refer Section 4.12 of Chapter-4 for detailed health and safety


                                                                                               128
      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                        Compliance
No.
       the         occupational     plan. Please refer Annexure 4.2 for form. No. 32 showing Health
       health of the workers        Register of the workers. A Detailed Onsite as well as Offsite Emergency
       should be included.          plan is enclosed as Annexure-9.5.
       Occupational hazards
       specific pre-placement
       and            periodical
       monitoring            and
       periodical monitoring
       should be carried out.
       The detailed plan to
       carry     out      above
       mentioned         activity
       should be mentioned.
       The     measures        to
       protect the workers
       from accidents and
       other safety issues.
       Detailed plan for the
       same. Man machine
       relationship. How the
       issue of man-machine
       relationship to protect
       the    workers      from
       musculo-skeletal
       disorder     such      as
       backache,       arthritis,
       body ache etc.
46.    Detailed action plan         Detailed Action Plan:
       for compliance of the         a) Emergency Action Plan enclosed as Annexure – 9.5.
       directions     of     the     b) Occupational Health and Safety measures:
       Honable        Supreme            Regular medical examination of employees carried out by
       Court       of      India         competent occupational health physician periodically for Sputum
       regarding occupational            test, Lungs Function Test (PFT), Chest X Ray and general medical
       health     and     safety         check up.
       measures in asbestos              Pre employment tests are carried out as per factory act
       industries should be                  All records pertaining to health checkup are maintained as per
       included.                              IS 11451 and factory act.
                                             Medical and health care facilities provided at work place.
                                             Safety instructions are given to all employees regarding
                                              handling Asbestos bags.
                                             No smoking policy has been adopted and enforced.
                                             Environment policy mode known to all employees and
                                              prominently displaced at factory gate and premises.
                                             Mill area and fibre godown are cleaned by portable vacuum
                                              cleaner and wet moping.
                                             All raw materials handling system is connected with dust
                                              collector system with interlocking system, maintaining clear
                                              environment.
47.    Detailed description of      Please refer Section-3.8 of Chapter-3.
       the flora and fauna
       (terrestrial       and
       aquatic) should be
       given    with   special


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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                       Compliance
No.
       reference    to    rare,
       endemic             and
       endangered species.
48.    Compliance     to    the    We shall follow the CREP guidelines as may be applicable.
       recommendations
       mentioned in the CREP
       guidelines should be
       included.
49.    An action plan on           The whole manufacturing process is a closed system process with
       entire        operation     automatic bag opening device. Please refer Section-2.4 of Chapter-2.
       should be automatic
       and closed system for
       all operations for fibre
       handling            and
       processing should be
       included.
50.    Details                of   Samples are being collected at different work locations and sent to our
       arrangement           for   other units for analysis. There they are counting the air borne asbestos
       measurement         and     fibre concentration in work environment by membrane filter method
       monitoring of asbestos      using Phase Contrast Microscope.
       fibre (Phase contrast
       microscope) should be
       included.

51.    Detailed Environment        Please refer Chapter-6 of the report for the detailed Environmental
       management          Plan    Management Plan.
       (EMP) with specific
       reference to details of
       air pollution control
       system       water      &
       wastewater
       management,
       monitoring frequency,
       responsibility and time
       bound implementation
       plan    for   mitigation
       measure should be
       provided.
52.    EMP should include          Please refer Section-6.7 of Chapter-6.
       the concept of waste-
       minimization,
       recycle/reuse/recovery
       techniques,       Energy
       conservation,        and
       natural         resource
       conservation.
53.    EMP should include a        Please refer Figure-1.4 of Chapter-1.
       clear       map       for
       plantation/green belt.
54.    Commitment          that    We will establish our own laboratory for asbestos dust monitoring.
       laboratory            for
       monitoring      asbestos
       fibres       will      be


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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Sr.    Terms of Reference                                            Compliance
No.
       established at the site.
55.    At least 5 % of the          Please refer      Section-2.13    of   Chapter-2   and   Section-4.10   of
       total   cost    of    the    Chapter-4.
       project    should      be
       earmarked        towards
       the corporate social
       responsibility        and
       item-wise          details
       along with time bound
       action plan should be
       included.          Socio-
       economic
       development activities
       need to be elaborated
       upon.
56.    Any litigation pending       Not applicable.
       against the project
       and/or                any
       direction/order passed
       by any Court of Law
       against the project, if
       so,    details    thereof
       should       also      be
       included.




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      EIA FOR M/s. RAMCO INDUSTRIES LIMITED

				
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