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The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit _WRBU__ Department of

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The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit _WRBU__ Department of Powered By Docstoc
					   WRBU: “Know The Vector,
      Know The Threat”

                   Pollie L.M. Rueda, Ph.D.
                    Rick Wilkerson, Ph.D.
                      Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU)
Entomology Division, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Silver Spring, MD
                                         20910

                                   Office address:
                           WRBU, Smithsonian Institution
                      4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746
 The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit
 (WRBU), Department of Entomology,
            DCD&I, WRAIR
• Basic and applied systematics research on mosquitoes of
  medical importance.
 Primary Activities and Goals
• Morphological and molecular systematics
  research on vector species and vector species
  groups
• Provide identification resources in paper and
  electronic formats
• Provide identifications to DOD
• Curate the National Mosquito Collection
• Support DOD research, e.g. arbovirus surveys,
  repellent trials - provide quality control on
  identifications
                      History
•   1964 Army Mosquito Project (AMP)
•   1966 Southeast Asia Mosquito Project (SEAMP)
•   1974 Medical Entomology Project (MEP)
•   1981 Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU)
•   Approximately 18 military officers, 11 civilians, 32
    adjunct personnel and collaborators

 409+ publications; 12,000+ pages
         Collaboration with
           Smithsonian
• Facilities, services, collection
  infrastructure support, etc…
• Use of sequencing resources of
  Laboratory of Analytical Biology (LAB)
• Emu (Electronic Museum) capture of
  Mosquitoes of Middle America collection
  records
• Grants for scanning literature and alcohol
  collection maintenance
    Components needed for
   systematics research and
   taxonomic identifications

• Personnel

• Collection

• Literature
                    Personnel
                     WRBU
• Dr. Rick Wilkerson, Research Entomologist/Curator
•   Dr. Pollie Rueda, Research Entomologist/Curator
•   Mr. Tom Gaffigan, Biol. Sci. Lab. Tech
• Mr. Jim Pecor, Biol. Sci. Lab. Tech
• Army Officer - MAJ Mark Potter
• Contract technicians, illustrator, post docs, visiting
  scientists, SI research associate, graduate students,
  volunteers
               WRBU

• Large mosquito systematics reprint
  collection
• Caretakers of World’s largest (best?)
  mosquito collection (about 1.5
  million specimens)
            Primary projects
• Identification tools for medically important mosquitoes
  of the PACOM*, CENTCOM*, SOUTHCOM, EUCOM
  (Africa) Areas of Responsibility
   – Lucid keys
   – Species pages
   – Updating catalog, reprints, pdfs, web
• Identification tools for medically important sand flies
  of the CENTCOM Areas of Responsibility
   – Lucid keys
   – Species pages
   – New catalog
• Modeling the potential distribution of vectors
Fig. 5. Anopheles sinensis Wiedemann
(red dots, occurrence points;
blue areas, predicted distribution
in South Korea).
Fig. 8. Anopheles minimus Theobald A (red dots, occurrence points;
blue areas, predicted distribution in Southeast Asia).
MosquitoMap logo
www.mosquitomap.org ----
website being developed to host
global mosquito occurrence data
and mosquito distribution models.
         Current Projects
• Neotropical Anopheles
  - An. (Nys.) albitarsis complex
    (marajoara)
  - An. (Nys.) oswaldoi complex
  - An. (Nys.) triannulatus complex
  - An. (Ano.) crucians complex*
  - Review of An. subgenus Kerteszia
• Korean/China malaria vectors
• Application of molecular tools for
  solution of taxonomic problems and
  development of diagnostics
An. kleini Rueda   An. belenrae Rueda
   Current Projects/Activities
• Vector Identification Service (VIS)
• Support of malaria, dengue, repellent
  studies
• Collaborations in Brazil, Peru,
  Mexico, Columbia, Venezuela, China,
  Japan, Korea, Georgia
• Collection curation
• Lab and basic identification training
• Training of DOD entomologists
   Current Projects/Activities
• Mosquito/Sand fly* Systematics Information
  Resource
  - Update/publish mosquito/sand fly*
    taxonomic catalog
  - Scan all systematics literature
  - Make all literature available in digital
    format
  - Annotate catalog to allow retrieval of keys
    and other identification materials by
    country, region or mosquito group
  - Convert catalog into a database
  - Web page development -- access to all
    literature, field and lab protocols,
    identification aids and services
Website -

• http://wrbu.org
http://wrbu.org/
http://www.mosquitocatalog.org
     Web-identification keys
• Please try running our keys to ID your
  mosquito specimens
• Keys – still in a “beta format”; need further
  expert/user reviews and corrections before
  the final format.
• Email us any corrections, comments, etc to
  improve the keys, and the website as a
  whole. Contact the webmaster (click), Pollie
  Rueda (ruedapol@si.edu) or Rick Wilkerson
  (wilkersonr@si.edu)

				
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posted:1/22/2012
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