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The Seven Steps in the Research Process

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					         The Seven Steps in the Research Process

  Step 1                     Step 2                                Step 3
Pick a Topic            Research Topic                 Organize Information
   Earth Science
                                      Notes          Information             Information
                                                        Sheet                   Sheet

 Rocks and Minerals




     Diamond




 Step 4                 Step 5                   Step 6                      Step 7
  Draft                 Revise                    Edit                      Publish

First Draft           Fix Sentences           Check Spelling               Final Draft




                                                          Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
             Expository Composition – Study Guide
Name______________________________                 Date________________


1. What is a research report and why do we write them?




2. What are the seven steps in the research process?
   1. ________________________________
   2. ________________________________
   3. ________________________________
   4. ________________________________
   5. ________________________________
   6. ________________________________
   7. ________________________________
3. Describe or illustrate how to narrow a general topic to a more specific
   topic.




                                                   Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
           Expository Composition – Study Guide

4. What is OPAC and why do we use it?




5. Name four different research sources (one must be an internet
search engine), that can be used for locating information.
         1. ___________________________
         2. ___________________________
         3. ___________________________
         4. ___________________________


6. Resources are named by creating a ___________________ page.
Explain why it is important to name your sources.




                                               Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
                  Expository Composition – Study Guide
Name ___________________                  Date___________            Period____

1.   What is a research report and why do we write them?
     A research report is a written account of information on a particular topic.
     We write research reports to learn how to conduct research, to learn
     something new, and to share what we have learned.


2.   What are the seven steps in the research process?
     1. Select a Topic
     2. Research Topic
     3. Organize Information
     4. Draft
     5. Revise (after teacher feedback)
     6. Edit
     7. Publish


3.   Describe or illustrate how to narrow a general topic to a specific topic.
     When selecting a topic, start with a general idea such as Earth Science.
     Then decide which aspect of Earth Science you want to research, such as
     Rocks and Minerals. After that, select the mineral you are interested in
     researching. The specific topic may be narrowed to diamond.
                                     ---OR---
                                Earth Science

                             Rocks and Minerals

                                    Diamond

                                                               Created by Ayanna Williams
                                                                    August 25, 2006
                Expository Composition – Study Guide
Name ___________________                Date___________            Period____

4.   What is OPAC and why do we use it?
     OPAC is an electronic card catalog system that is used to locate resources
     in the Media Center.


5.   Name four different research sources, including one website that can be
     used for obtaining information.
     1. Encyclopedia
     2. Books
     3. Magazines or Newspaper Articles
     4. www.geology.com


6.   Resources are cited by creating a ___BIBLIOGRAPHY___ page. Explain
     why it is necessary to name your sources.
     It is important to name my sources so that I give credit to the person or
     persons that wrote the information that I used in my research report.
     Naming my sources also helps me to avoid plagiarizing someone else’s words
     and work.




                                                             Created by Ayanna Williams
                                                                  August 25, 2006
  Influential Person Research Requirements
Presenter:__________________         Topic:_____________________

A. Basic Facts
When and where was this person born?
What was life like for them as a child?
Describe some of their interests or hobbies?
Is this person still living? If not, when and where did they die?


B. Family Life
Is this person married? If so, to whom and for how long have
they been married?
Do they have any children and/or pets? What are their names?
What types of activities do they do together as a family?
What kinds of jobs did they have before becoming famous?


C. Life in the Spotlight
What has this person accomplished since becoming famous?
How has their actions impacted society or other people?
What makes this person special and/or interesting?


D. Impact
Who influenced this person to do well or give back to society?
How did that influential person inspire your topic?
What organizations did they join or create to help others?
What makes the world a better place because of this person?


E. Summary
What have you learned about the person you researched?
                                              Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
      Guidelines for Creating a Power Point
      Presentation on an Influential Person
Presenter________________________               Topic________________________

Objective:
Students will locate information on an influential person of their choosing. They
will highlight basic facts about the person, provide details about their family life,
their life in the spotlight, their impact on society, and summarize what they’ve
learned about their topic.



Power Point Presentation Requirements:
Students must create a minimum of 7 slides (see details below). There should be a
minimum of 3 pictures and a maximum of 6 photos that relate to the influential
person.



Power Point Presentation Order of the Slides:
Title: Slide includes presenter’s name, the influential person’s name, and the date.
Basic Facts: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Family Life: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Life in the Spotlight: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide
detailed information during their presentation.
Impact on Society: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide
detailed information during their presentation.
Summary: Students write what they learned about their topic in a paragraph of no
less than five complete sentences.
Bibliography: Slide lists resources used to gather evidence.




Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
   Influential Person Graphic Organizer
                           Basic Facts
When and where was this person born?
Is this person living? If not, when, where, and how did they die?




What was life like for them as a child?




Describe some of their interests or hobbies?
   Influential Person Graphic Organizer
                           Family Life
Is this person married? If so, to whom and for how long have
they been married?

Do they have any children and or pets? What are their names?




What types of activities do they do together as a family?




What kinds of jobs did they have before becoming famous?
   Influential Person Graphic Organizer
                      Life in the Spotlight
What has this person accomplished since becoming famous?




How has their actions impacted society or other people?




What makes this person special or interesting?
   Influential Person Graphic Organizer
                       Impact on Society
Who influenced this person to do well or give back to society?




How did that influential person inspire your topic?




What organizations did they join or create to help others?




What makes the world a better place because of this person?
Influential Person Graphic Organizer
 Summary – What have you learned about this person?
   Influential Person Power Point Outline
Presenter:______________________ Topic:____________________

 You must have a minimum of 7 slides, 3-6 relevant photos, and 3-4 bulleted
 phrases on slides 2-5.
              Title Slide                          Basic Facts Slide




                                    1                                                  2
          Family Life Slide                   Life in the Spotlight Slide




                                    3                                                  4
      Impact on Society Slide               Summary (Paragraph Form)




                                    5                                                  6
         Bibliography Slide
           (Cite your Sources)




                                    7
                                                       Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
Influential Person Power Point Presentation Checklist
 Presenter____________________             Topic__________________
 STRATEGIES                                 YES           ALMOST             NOT YET
 Slides written in your own words
 Readable font
 Title Slide
 Basic Facts Slide
 Family Life Slide
 Life in the Spotlight Slide
 Impact Slide
 Summary Slide – Paragraph Form
 Bibliography Slide
 At least 3 Photos that go with Topic
 There are no spelling or grammatical
 errors on the slides

 Speaks intelligently about topic
 Explains key points


 Speaks loudly
 Speaks clearly
 Pronounces words correctly
 Establishes and maintains eye contact
 Demonstrates appropriate body
 language
 Engages the audience by speaking with
 enthusiasm

 Meets time frame (3 - 6 minutes)




                                          Created by Ayanna A. Williams - September 29, 2006
           Guidelines for Creating and Presenting a
              Newscast on an Influential Person
Name___________________                                    Topic_____________________
Objective: Students will locate information on an influential person of their choosing. They will
write and produce their own newscast covering that person’s life and career. In the newscast, they
are expected to highlight basic facts about the person, provide details about their family life, their
life in the spotlight, their impact on society, and summarize what they’ve learned about their topic
by creating a telecast to present to their peers.

Materials: Note cards, paper, writing utensils, props, pictures for backdrop

How do I present a newscast?
Introduce    yourself, the newscast team and your broadcast company.
Explain    to the viewers what is going on in the news today.
If   a reporter is reporting live via satellite, the reporter should tell the viewers what city and state
or country that they are reporting.
Provide    your report in an energetic and informative manner.
Remember      to sign off by stating your name, your team, and your company.
“We    interrupt this newscast to bring you a special news bulletin.”
“This    just in…”
“In    the news today…”
“Breaking     news….”

How do I use the interview format? (historical figure)
Write    your questions on index cards.
Historical   figure or guests should dress in character.
Open    with the name of the show and your name.
Tell   the viewers who you are interviewing and a some information about the guest.
Welcome     your guest to the show; begin the interview.
Establish    eye contact with the guest and viewers.
Confirm    what the guest is saying to show your interest in them.
Ask    relevant questions.
Conclude     by thanking your guest for coming on the show and thank your viewers for tuning in.
                                                                         Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
     Influential Person Newscast Outline
Newscaster:______________________ Topic:___________________
                               Outline for Script
Basic Facts:




Family Life:




Life in the Spotlight:




Impact:




Summary:




Call Letters for TV Station:
1 – 2 Pictures Wanted for Backdrop:
                                                    Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
   Influential Person Newscast Checklist
Newscaster______________________      Topic________________________

STRATEGIES                                  YES       ALMOST         NOT YET

Basic Facts
Family Life Facts
Life in Spotlight Facts
Impact on Society Facts

Summary is in Paragraph Form

Script is written in your own words;
There are no spelling or grammar
errors in script
Newscaster speaks in a loud and
clear manner and at a steady pace

Pronounces words correctly;
Uses standardized English
Demonstrates appropriate body
language; Establishes and maintains
eye contact
Call letters for television station
(WKRP, WCPO, WSB-TV)

1 – 2 Pictures for Backdrop

Meets time frame (3 – 4 minutes)
                                              Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
      Country Research Requirements
Presenter:__________________             Topic:_____________________
Directions: Use the table of contents and index in your book to locate the
page numbers of the topics listed in Sections A through D.
A. Geography
        1. Location – page _____
        2. Major cities – page _____
        3. Bodies of water – page _____
        4. Climate – page _____

B. History
         1. Early history – page _____
         2. Independence – page _____
         3. Modern times – page _____
         4. Influential figures – page _____

C. Government
         1. Type – page _____
         2. Branches – page _____
         3. Economy – page _____
         4. Tourism – page _____

D. People
         1. Language – page _____
         2. Culture – page _____
         3. Religion – page _____
         4. Everyday life – page _____

E. Conclusion
What have you learned about the country you researched?
                                                   Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
     Guidelines for Creating and
 Presenting a Newscast on a Country
  Name___________________                  Country________________
Objective: Each student will work to locate information on a country
covered in 7th grade World Geography. After locating information on
their topic, students will write a script for the newscast. The script will
be used to present vital information about their country to the class. The
newscast will be evaluated based on the Oral Presentation Rubric.
Newscaster/Journalist: ___________________________________________
Call Letters (WSB-TV): ____________________________________________

Newscast Assignment Descriptions
History: Introduces yourself and provide a brief history of the country.
Geography: Provides information on the diverse geography including its
location, climate, bodies of water, and major cities.
Government: Informs the viewers about the type of government, the
branches of government, economy, and tourism.
Cultural: Provides the public with details about your country’s unique
culture, its people, languages spoken, religions practiced, and the
everyday life of its citizens.


Additional Information
Use your textbook as a resource.
Locate information online at www.cia.gov, click on the World Factbook
link on the right side of the web site. Then select the country’s name.
When presenting your information think about what this country is best
known for and provide interesting tidbits of information in your newscast.
                                                   Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
        Country Newscast Outline
Newscaster:______________________ Topic:___________________
Vocabulary Terms Used in Script (minimum of 15 terms)




Outline for Script (18 – 20)




Call Letters for TV Station:                  Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011

1 – 2 Pictures Backdrop:
  Country Newscast Checklist
Newscaster______________________      Topic________________________

STRATEGIES                                   YES      ALMOST         NOT YET
Has a minimum of 15 vocabulary
terms from the textbook
Has 18 – 20 Facts

Script is written in your own words

There are no spelling or grammar
errors in script

Newscaster speaks in a loud and clear
manner and at a steady pace

Pronounces words correctly; Uses
standardized English

Demonstrates appropriate body
language; Establishes and maintains
eye contact
Call letters for television station
(WKRP, WCPO, WSB-TV)
Picture(s) for backdrop (on location)

Meets time frame (3 – 4 minutes)



                                              Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
    Guidelines for Creating a Power Point
         Presentation on a Country
Presenter________________________              Topic________________________

Objective:
Each student will work to locate information on a country covered in 7th grade
World Geography. After locating information on their topic, students will write a
script for the newscast. The script will be used to present vital information about
their country to the class. The newscast will be evaluated based on the Oral
Presentation Rubric.


Power Point Presentation Requirements:
Students must create a minimum of 7 slides (see details below). There should be a
minimum of 3 pictures and a maximum of 6 photos that relate to the influential
person.


Power Point Presentation Order of the Slides:
Title: Slide includes presenter’s name, the name of the country, and the date.
History: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Government: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Geography: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Culture: Include 3 – 4 bulleted phrases for the presenter to provide detailed
information during their presentation.
Summary: Students write what they learned about their topic in a paragraph of no
less than five complete sentences.
Bibliography: Slide lists resources used to gather evidence.



                                                          Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
Country Power Point Presentation Outline
Presenter__________________         Topic__________________
Content Slides   3 – 4 Bullets (Short Phrases for Elaboration)


History




Geography




Government




Culture




Summary
                                            Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
 Country Power Point Presentation Checklist
Presenter____________________ Topic__________________
STRATEGIES                               YES     ALMOST            NOT YET
Slides written in your own words
Readable font
Title Slide
History Slide
Geography Slide
Government Slide
Culture Slide
Summary Slide – Paragraph Form
Bibliography Slide
At least 3 Photos that go with Topic
There are no spelling or grammatical
error on the slides

Speaks intelligently about topic
Explains key points

Speaks loudly
Speaks clearly
Pronounces words correctly
Establishes and maintains eye contact
Demonstrates appropriate body
language
Engages the audience by speaking with
enthusiasm

Meets time frame (3 - 6 minutes)




                                               Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
                 History Graphic Organizer
Directions: Complete the chart below using information from the Internet, textbooks,
atlas, encyclopedias, and etc.

First Inhabitants or Settlers




1500 – 1700




1700 – 1900




1900 – Present




                                                          Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
             Geography Graphic Organizer
Directions: Complete the chart below using information from the Internet, textbooks,
atlas, encyclopedias, and etc.
                  Location
Regions           (Absolute,          Climate          Industries             Natural
                  Relative,            Types         (manufactured           Resources
                  Major Cities                           goods)
                  in Region)




                                                            Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
                Government Graphic Organizer
 Directions: Complete the chart below using information from the Internet, textbooks,
 atlas, encyclopedias, and etc.


    Government Information                         Economic Information
Official Name                               Currency Type


Government Type                             Exported Products (sold to other countries)


Capital


Date of Independence                        Imported Products (bought from other
                                            countries)


Branches of Government


_________________________ Branch            Exporting Partners
(Who is the head of the government?)




_________________________ Branch            Importing Partners




_________________________ Branch            Tourism (popular vacation spots)




Interesting Fact                            Tourism (popular vacation spots)




Interesting Fact                            Tourism (popular vacation spots)


                                                               Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
                 Culture Graphic Organizer
Directions: Complete the chart below using information from the Internet, textbooks,
atlas, encyclopedias, and etc.


Art, Music, Entertainment, Sports




Languages Spoken




Religions Practiced




People (population, ethnic groups)




Everyday Life




                                                            Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011
                   Bibliography Examples
Dahl, M. 1997. Countries of the World: Germany. Mankato, MN.
         Capstone Press.

Kent Publishing Services. 1996. Creative Kid’s Report on
        Germany. Torrance, CA. Frank Schaffer Publications.

Lord, R. 1999. Countries of the World: Germany. Milwaukee, WS.
         Gareth Stevens Publishing.

INTERNET SOURCES: Author. “Title.” Name of Web site. Date of
electronic publication. Sponsoring institution. Date you accessed
information <internet address>.
“B.B. King Interview.” Academy of Achievement. 10 June 2004.
Academy of Achievement. <http://www.achievement.org.>

MAGAZINE OR NEWSPAPER ARTICLE: Author (if known). “Title of
Article.” Name of magazine or newspaper. Date article was
published: page numbers.

Ralston, Aron. “Trapped.” Outside. Sept. 2004: 52-60, 115-117.

BOOKS: Author. Title. City where book was published: Name of publisher,
copyright year.

Mara, William. Cuba. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 1999.

ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLES: Author (if known). “Title of Article.”
Encyclopedia Name. Edition number (if known) and year published.

“Cuba.” The World Encyclopedia of People and Places. 2005.
“Cuba.” Merriam Webster’s Geographical Dictionary. Third Edition, 2001.
                           Bibliography Rubric
Task: Create an accurate bibliography                          Possible       Points you think
listing your references using the APA format.                   Points         you will earn

Bibliography is on a separate page                                  5
The title of the bibliography should be labeled:                    5
References (with no quotation marks, underlining, etc.)
and should be centered at the top of the page.

Authors names are inverted (last name first); give the              5
last name and initials for all authors of a particular
work unless the work has more than six authors. If the
work has more than six authors, list the first six authors
and then use et al. after the sixth author’s name to
indicate the rest of the authors.
You have included a minimum of one print resource.                 15
You have at least one Internet source.                             15
You have one other source: print or Internet.                      15
You have a minimum of three total resources.                        5
First source: Written correctly (Y/N)                               5
Second source: Written correctly (Y/N)                              5
Third source: Written correctly (Y/N)                               5
Font size is twelve (12), Times New Roman, double                   5
spaced with no extra space between entries.

Reference list entries are alphabetized by the last                10
name of the first author of each work. (Multiple-author
references with the exact same author should be listed
in order by the year of publication, starting with the
earliest.)

The first line of each entry is left-margin justified;              5
subsequent lines (of the same entry) are indented five
spaces.

                                                Laura Weiss 2006-2007, Modified by Ayanna Counts 2011
                  Oral Presentation Rubric
Presenter:________________ Topic:____________________
  CATEGORY                 4                     3                    2                       1
 Content          Shows a full           Shows a good         Shows a good           Does not seem to
                  understanding of       understanding of     understanding of       understand the
                  the topic.             the topic.           parts of the           topic very well.
                                                              topic.

 Performance      Completes all roles    Completes most       Completes some         Did not complete
 Task             and requirements       of the roles and     of the roles and       the performance
 Roles and                               requirements         requirements           task roles and
 Requirements                                                                        requirements

 Posture and      Stands up straight,    Stands up            Sometimes              Slouches and/or
 Eye Contact      looks relaxed and      straight and         stands up              does not look at
                  confident.             establishes eye      straight and           people during the
                  Establishes eye        contact with         establishes eye        presentation.
                  contact with           everyone in the      contact.
                  everyone during        room during the
                  the presentation.      presentation.

 Speaks Clearly   Speaks clearly and     Speaks clearly       Speaks clearly         Often mumbles or
                  distinctly all (100-   and distinctly all   and distinctly         can not be
                  95%) the time, and     (100-95%) the        most ( 94-85%)         understood OR
                  mispronounces no       time, but            of the time.           mispronounces
                  words.                 mispronounces        Mispronounces 2        more than 3
                                         one word.            – 3 words.             words.

 Enthusiasm       Facial expressions     Facial               Facial                 Very little use of
                  and body language      expressions and      expressions and        facial expressions
                  generate a strong      body language        body language          or body language.
                  interest and           sometimes            are used to try to     Did not generate
                  enthusiasm about       generate a           generate               much interest in
                  the topic in others.   strong interest      enthusiasm, but        topic being
                                         and enthusiasm       seem somewhat          presented.
                                         about the topic in   faked.
                                         others.

 Listens to       Listens intently.      Listens intently     Sometimes does         Sometimes does
 Other            Does not make          but has one          not appear to be       not appear to be
 Presentations    distracting noises     distracting noise    listening but is       listening and is
                  or movements.          or movement.         not distracting.       distracting others.
Comments:                                                             Total Points        Final Grade


                                                                      ____________


                                                                          24
                                                                      Created by Ayanna Williams Counts 2011

				
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