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PC material composition - IfU

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PC material composition - IfU Powered By Docstoc
					Material composition of a internal combustion car

                                       %
Plastics                              7.22
Aluminum                              5.00
Copper                                1.59
Zinc                                  0.64
Other Ferrous                         2.20
Iron                                 14.75
Carbon Steel                         44.58
HSS (High Speed Steel )               7.52
Stainless                             1.00
Glass                                 2.73
Rubber                                4.32
Fluids                                5.77
Other                                 2.67

Sum                                   100.00


Source: MIT Materials Systems Laboratories
Material composition of a PC
     Material       Weight composition
Ag                           0.03
Al (general)                 8.54
Al cast                     40.31
Al wrought                   6.73
Au                           0.00
Ceramics                     3.70
Cu                           3.45
Fe                           7.83
Ferrite                      4.29
Ni                           0.49
Other average                1.00
Pb                           0.09
Pd                           0.00
Plastics general             2.73
Sb                           0.05
Sn                           0.20
Stainless steel             10.69
Steel low alloyed            9.64
Zn                           0.24

Sum                       100
Material composition of a high grade main printed wiring board (PWB)
                    %
Copper              23
Tin                 4.8
Lead                2.8
Iron                2.3
                     1
Brominated flame retandants (polybrominated diphenyl ether/PBDE)
Zinc               0.94
Silver            0.044
Gold              0.031
Titanium           0.14
Antimon            0.11
Arsenic           0.0027
Barium             0.35
Bismut            0.014
Chromium          0.0019
Nickel             0.18
Carbon            18.24
Hydrogen           1.63
Nitrogen           0.51
Sulfur             0.09
Chorine            0.17
Oxygen            12.57
                  31.07


Sum             99.9936


Source       Brady, T.; O’Connell, S.; Hoekstra, J.; Senfield, P.; Tanskanen, P.; Mann, T.; Simpson, N.; Miyamoto, S.; Burkitt,
N.; Miyamoto, S.; Burkitt, J.; Bergman, R.: Design for Environment Phase I; HDP User Group International, Inc; Scottsdale, 2003
ttsdale, 2003
                                                                                          Li-ion
                            Cathode            Binder                Solvents           Electrolyte   Anode         Cathode           Anode                    Casing
                       LiCoO2     LiNiO2       PVDF        EMC              PC           LiPF6         Cu             Al           Graphite + C     Fe          Cl          Plastics
    Chemical Formula   LiCoO2     LiNiO2     [CH2-CF2]n   C4H8O3          C4H6O3          LiPF6        Cu             Al                C            Fe          Cl
       Weight %           25        2.5          0.5         8               5              2          10             7                10             2          2             26
        Fraction         0.25      0.025        0.005      0.08            0.05            0.02        0.1           0.07              0.1          0.02        0.02          0.26

Lithium                 0.01773 0.00177732                                              0.00091386                                                                                   0.020421
Cobalt                 0.150535                                                                                                                                                      0.150535
Oxygen                 0.081736 0.00819363                0.036885          0.0235081                                                                                                0.150322
Nickel                          0.01502906                                                                                                                                           0.015029
Carbon                                       0.001875673 0.036919         0.023529944                                                         0.1                                    0.162325
Hydrogen                                     0.000157407 0.006196         0.002961955                                                                                                0.009316
Fluor                                                                                    0.0150081                                                                                   0.015008
Phosphor                                                                                0.00407804                                                                                   0.004078
Copper                                                                                                        0.1                                                                       0.1
Aluminium                                                                                                                   0.07                                                       0.07
Iron                                                                                                                                                  0.02                             0.02
Chlor                                                                                                                                                             0.02                 0.02
                                                                                                                                                                                     0.737033
Plastics                                                                                                                                                                        0.26   0.26
Sum                                                                                                                                                                                  0.997033

Lithium                0.070918 0.07109262                                              0.04569298                                                                                     0.187704
Cobalt                  0.60214                                                                                                                                                        0.60214
Oxygen                 0.326942 0.32774507                0.461058        0.470162008                                                                                                  1.585907
Nickel                          0.60116231                                                                                                                                             0.601162
Carbon                                       0.375134616 0.461486         0.470598883                                                          1                                       2.30722
Hydrogen                                     0.031481361 0.077456         0.059239108                                                                                                  0.168176
Fluor                                                                                   0.75040506                                                                                     0.750405
Phosphor                                                                                0.20390196                                                                                     0.203902
Copper                                                                                                         1                                                                           1
Aluminium                                                                                                                     1                                                            1
Iron                                                                                                                                                       1                               1
Chlor                                                                                                                                                                   1                  1
                                                                                                                                                                                       10.40662
mol mass                 97.873    97.6332      64.03408 104.1045           102.08864    151.90516      63.546       26.981538          12.0107     55.845      35.453
         Atommass
                  u
         Lithium      6.941
100      Cobalt     58.9332
 1       Oxygen     15.9994
         Nickel     58.6934
 2.04%   Carbon     12.0107
15.05%   Hydrogen   1.00794
15.03%   Fluor      18.9984
 1.50%   Phosphor 30.97376
16.23%   Copper      63.546
 0.93%   Aluminium 26.98154
 1.50%   Iron        55.845
 0.41%   Chlor       35.453
10.00%
 7.00%
 2.00%
 2.00%
73.70%
26.00%
99.70%

				
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