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MATERIAL FLOWS AND RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 14

  • pg 1
									        OECD PROGRAMME
              ON
  MATERIAL FLOWS AND RESOURCE
         PRODUCTIVITY




    Meeting of the London Group on Environmental Accounting
Meeting of the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental Economic
                           Accounting
                       June 2006, New York


                                                          1
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity

                      Mandate and purpose
   Implementing the OECD Council Recommendation
    (April 2004)
   Responding to requests by G8 Heads of State and
    Government (Evian, June 2003; Sea Island, June 2004; 3R initiative,
    Japan)
   Supporting OECD policy analysis and evaluation

                            Foundations
   OECD Seminar in 2000
   Member countries initiatives
   International work: Eurostat guide; SEEA; research
    work

                                                                     2
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity

                  Co-operation and co-ordination

   Within OECD
    –   Environment Directorate
    –   Horizontal programme on Sustainable Development
    –   Statistics Directorate (accounting frameworks for SD statistics)
    –   Science, Technology & Industry Directorate (I-O analysis &
        globalisation)
   European Union: Eurostat and TF-MFA, EEA, DG ENV
   United Nations: UNSD and UNCEEA; UNEP
   Other: London Group; IWG Environment Statistics;
    Wuppertal Institut, IFF Vienna, WRI




                                                                       3
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity

                        Main outputs

1- Brochure on MFA
2- Guidance on methodological
                                        Guidance manual
   and measurement issues
                                       “Measuring material
3- Guidance on the                     flows and resource
   interpretation and use of MF           productivity”
   and RP indicators
4- Measured indicators – pilot
   data set
5- Overall report on MF in
   OECD countries and beyond




                                                       4
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
    Guidance manual - Coverage and structure
   Part I: Overall framework for material flow analysis
    – Broad coverage of MFA tools
    – Clear articulation of purposes/uses of MFA tools
    – Links to policy questions and other measurement tools
   Part II: Material flow accounts
    – Concepts, definitions, classifications
    – Types of accounts
    – Methodological issues
   Part III: Material flow and resource productivity indicators
    – Purposes, definitions, selection criteria, etc.
    – Interpretation and use
   Part IV: Developing MF accounts – implementation guide
    – Modular structure: menu of options based on decision tree
      including simplified, didactic part
    – To promote harmonised implementation
    – To be applied by countries according to own needs & context
                                                              5
                               OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
                                               What do we mean by “materials”?
                                                                                                       Ecosystem inputs
Volume of flow (in tonnes)




                             Water                                                     Flows do not exist
                              Total material                                                                   Natural resources
                               throughput

                                     Sand & gravel

                                               Carbon                                                          Products
                                                         Fossil fuels
                                               Timber
                                                        Paper           Nutrients                              Residuals
                                                                Steel

                                                             Aluminium         Fertiliser

                                                                         PVC        Solvents

                                                                                    Heavy metals

                                                                                      Pesticides
                                                                                                   Hazardous
                             Flows are of minor interest                                           chemicals

                                                                                                                           6
                                                                   Potential specific environmental impact
                                                                           (per tonne of material)
                               OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
                                               What do we mean by “materials”?
                                                                                                    Overall aggregates
Volume of flow (in tonnes)




                             Water                                                     Flows do not exist
                              Total material
                               throughput
                                                                                                               Bulk flows
                                     Sand & gravel

                                               Carbon
                                                         Fossil fuels
                                               Timber
                                                        Paper           Nutrients
                                                                                                               Industrial
                                                                Steel
                                                                                                               materials
                                                             Aluminium         Fertiliser

                                                                         PVC        Solvents
                                                                                                               Substances
                                                                                    Heavy metals

                                                                                      Pesticides
                                                                                                   Hazardous
                             Flows are of minor interest                                           chemicals

                                                                                                                       7
                                                                   Potential specific environmental impact
                                                                           (per tonne of material)
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
                 The MFA family of tools

  Its many dimensions identify a
 These two different tools can be space
  characterised according to their
   where all MFA tools can be placed
  position with respect to two policy-
     The further from the origin, the
  relevant kinds of dimensions:
   narrower the coverage, in terms of
      Ecological: level of detail
    substances and /or of economic
     related to physio-chemical
                 activities
           characteristics
 Let us try and place the most common
     and somehow of detail in terms
   Economic: level codified kinds of of
               applications
       partition of human activities



                                                  8
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
                            The tool provides
                            complete
                            coverage of the
                            economy
           The tool
           provides
           complete
           coverage of the
           substances

         The tool only provides information on
         economy-nature exchanges

         The tool also provides information on
         internal flows of the economy

         The tool also provides information on
         internal flows of the economy and of
         nature

                                                  9
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
               Physical flow
               accounts for
               water                                      Business level
                                                          MFA
                               NAMEA-type table forSFA
                               Air emissions

                                 NAMEA-type table for
                                                           LCA
                                 Energy carriers use
       Economy-wide
                                  PIOTs and other
       MFA                        flow accounts for
                                  individual materials’



                                                                           The tool provides
                               NAMEA-type table                            complete
                               Waste                                       coverage of the
                                                                           economy
                                                            The tool
                                                            provides
                                                            complete
                               Aggregated PIOT              coverage of the
                                                            substances



                                                          The tool only provides information
                                                          on economy-nature exchanges

                                                          The tool also provides information
                                                          on internal flows of the economy

                                                          The tool also provides
                                                          information on internal flows of
                                                          the economy and of nature




                                                                                    10
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity


                          Approach




   Core work: work in areas of common relevance where
    progress can be best obtained through joint efforts in
    the OECD and in member countries as a group.
    Priority given to areas where results can be obtained
    over a period of two to three years

   Additional more detailed work: by countries




                                                        11
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity
               Physical flow
               accounts for
               water                                      Business level
                                                          MFA
                               NAMEA-type table forSFA
                               Air emissions

                                 NAMEA-type table for
                                                           LCA
                                 Energy carriers use
       Economy-wide
                                  PIOTs and other
       MFA                        flow accounts for
                                  individual materials’



                                                                           The tool provides
                               NAMEA-type table                            complete
                               Waste                                       coverage of the
                                                                           economy
                                                            The tool
                                                            provides
                                                            complete
                               Aggregated PIOT              coverage of the
                                                            substances



                                                          The tool only provides information
                                                          on economy-nature exchanges

                                                          The tool also provides information
                                                          on internal flows of the economy

                                                          The tool also provides
                                                          information on internal flows of
                                                          the economy and of nature




                                                                                    12
OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity

One of the areas where a common methodological ground
is already present – so that results can be obtained in the
short/medium term - is Economy-wide MFA.
The following are among the issues that can be addressed,
also in view of the SEEA revision process:
 Terminology:

     – “economy-wide”
     – “materials”
 System boundaries for biomasses
 Optimal aggregation level for compilation and for
presentation
     – by material
     – by economic activity
   Indirect flows

                                                      13
    OECD work on Material Flows and Resource Productivity


          Guidance manual – Main timelines

   Expert consultation on drafts (Parts I-III): June-July 2006
   Preparation of revised drafts: July-August 2006
   Formal consultation with OECD member countries:
    September 2006
     Meeting of the Working Group on Environmental
    Information and Outlooks (WGEIO): 11-13 October 2006
   Final revision: October-November 2006
   Editing and release: end 2006-early 2007




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