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Classification Classification – process of grouping things based on their similarities Binomial nomenclature (two-part name for every organism) o Created by Carolus Linnaeus (Swedish scientist in the 1750) o First part of an organism’s scientific name is its genus (plural genera) o Second part is species o Taxonomy – scientific study of how living things are classified. Example of how the levels of classification works: Imagine a room filled with everybody who lives in your state. First, all of the people who live in your town raise their hands. Then, those who live on your street raise their hands. Finally, those who live in your house raise your hands. Each time, fewer people raise their hands. But you’d be in all groups. The most general group you belong to is the state. The most specific group is the house. The more levels you share with others, the more you have in common with them. 7 Levels of Classification o Kingdom o Phylum o Class o Order o Family o Genus o Species The Kingdoms Bacteria (Monera), Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on their type of cells their ability to make food the number of cells in their bodies. Click here to view some helpful websites about classification.
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