BSE's implications s implications on Vermont by huanghengdong


									                                                                                                  January 30, 2004
                                                                                                   anuary                            Vol. 68, Number 2

                        Published by The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets

                                                                                                                          BSE’s implications
                                                                                                                          on Vermont
                                                                                                                          By Sam Comstock,                                      An investigation like this
                                                                                                                          Livestock Specialist                       follows several tracks simultaneously.
                                                                                                                                                                     Meat was recalled, calves from the
                                                                                                                          UVM Extension                              “index” cow had to be located, and
                                                                                                                                                                     her history examined in an attempt
                                                                                                                              The news of the first BSE case in      to find the source of the BSE and to
                                                                                                                          the US on December 23, has cre-            identify any other cattle potentially
                                                                                                                          ated a new reality for farmers around      infected at the same time. Fortu-
                                                                                                                          the country. And despite Vermont’s         nately the USDA is experienced at
                                                                                                                          distant proximity to Washington, the       meat recalls, and quickly tracked the
                                                                                                                          case reverberates throughout the           meat distribution.
                                                                                                                          dairy and cattle farming communi-              The “index” farm’s records docu-
                                                                                                                          ties and has become a daily news item      ment that the cow had one heifer in
                                                                                                                          ever since.                                the herd and a bull calf, which had
                                                                                                                              The situation is as follows: In        gone to a calf feeding operation. The
                                                                                                                          August, 2001, a dairy farm in              heifer has since been killed and tested
                                                                                                                          Canada had a dispersal sale, in which      for BSE. The bull calf was not easily
                                                                                                                          health certificates show 82 cows and       identified, so about 450 total calves
                                                                                                                          17 heifers were sold. On September
  A family enjoys the Alpaca display during the 70th Annual Vermont Farm Show at the Barre                                                                           were euthanized.
                                                                                                                          4, 2001, 81 of the cows came into              That was the easy part. The hard
  Civic Center on Tuesday. Up to 30,000 people were expected to visit the Farm Show during the                            the U.S., ending up in several dairy
  three-day event.                                                           Photo by Michael Schaefer                                                               part has been backtracking the cow’s
                                                                                                                          herds. On December 9, 2003, a              movements. The dairy farm owner
                                                                                                                          non-ambulatory (due to complica-           told the USDA the index cow en-
Management options for deadstock                                                                                          tions from delivering a calf ) heifer
                                                                                                                          was slaughtered and a routine sample
                                                                                                                          of brain tissue was taken for BSE test-
                                                                                                                                                                     tered the herd as a heifer, but the
                                                                                                                                                                     farm manager thought she was a dry
                                                                                                                                                                     cow, causing some confusion. Four
                                                                                                                          ing. Within a week, the meat from          days into the investigation, the
By Brian Jerose                          agement options. As rendering rates         Proper burial is often limited in    her carcass and from other cows
                                         have increased to $75/dead cow in                                                                                           USDA suggested she came from
                                                                                 Vermont due to shallow ledge or          slaughtered with her was processed         Canada, based on ear tags from the
   New rules regarding the han-          some parts of Vermont, alternatives     high groundwater levels. The Ver-        and distributed to at least eight
dling of “downer cattle” due to the      such as deadstock composting may                                                                                            slaughterhouse. Confirming this has
                                                                                 mont Agency of Natural Resources         states.                                    been difficult because the herd was
U.S. outbreak of BSE or Mad Cow          look more attractive.                   recommends that disposal pits for            Two weeks later, a USDA labora-
Disease, has further stressed the ren-       Composting of dead calves, other                                                                                        dispersed two and a half years ago.
                                                                                 dead animals be at least 150 feet from   tory interpreted the results of the test   Canadian records named her sire,
dering industry. With the declining      livestock mortalities and slaughter-    property lines, wells and surface wa-    as BSE positive. A second test was
markets for animal by-products, the      ing residuals on-farm is a practice                                                                                         and some of his semen was available
                                                                                 ters. Furthermore, the pit shall be      run overnight and the result was also      for DNA analysis. The analysis
new USDA rules prohibit downers          that has several benefits. Death is a   no less than six feet deep and not       positive. At that point, the USDA
from entering the human food sup-        fact of life on all livestock farms,                                                                                        showed the index cow was that sire’s
                                                                                 less than 3 feet above seasonal high     announced the case, sent another           daughter. Unfortunately, dairy AI
ply. Dairy farms, which had sent         whether due to disease, injury,                                                  sample to the U.K. for further con-
some of these animals to slaughter,      butchering pigs and chickens, or                 See ‘Options’                   firmation, and began the first inves-
need to consider the various man-        beefing an old cow.                                                              tigation of BSE in the U.S.                            See ‘BSE’
                                                                                       Continued On Page 2                                                                  Continued On Page 2

         Inside This Issue
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        Conserv       Bill
   A g. Conser vation Bill                                     Page 2               Vermont Agency of
                                                                                     ermont Agency
                                                                                    Agriculture, Food & Markets
                                                                                     griculture, Food    arkets
   Marketplace                                                 Page 3               116 State Street, Drawer 20
                                                                                    Montpelier, Vermont 05620-2901
   Co-existing in Vermont                                      Page 8               828-2416 or 828-3831 (fax)

   A look at two new state Vets.                               Page 9

   USDA update on BSE                                          Page 9

   ‘ The Flightpath’                                           Page 10

   Early Gardening Tips                                        Page 11
                                                                                      POSTMASTER: Send address change to: Agriview, 116 State Street, Drawer 20, Montpelier, VT 05620-2901
2                                                                                                                                         Januar y 30, 2004

                                                                                     AG NEWS

    Leahy: Vermont                                                              Maple Open House around the corner
                                                                                      Open House around     corner
    Farmers Net $12                                                                 The Windsor County Maple
                                                                                Sugarmakers Association will spon-
                                                                                sor the 2004 Governor’s Maple Tree
                                                                                                                          Program will focus on educating the
                                                                                                                          general public about the maple in-
                                                                                                                          dustry, its history, and significance
                                                                                                                                                                    tatives, maple industry specialists,
                                                                                                                                                                    producers, friends of maple and oth-
                                                                                                                                                                    ers. A $1500 grant from the Ver-

    million More For                                                            Tapping Ceremony on Friday,               to Vermont’s tourism and agricultural     mont Maple Promotion Board will
                                                                                March 19, 2004 at the Jackson Gore        economies.                                be underwriting the costs for the
                                                                                Inn and Resort in Ludlow.                     The Okemo Mountain Resort             Luncheon. It is anticipated that 75-
                                                                                                                          will be hosting the Luncheon at its       100 people will be attending the
    Ag Conservation                                                                 The Ceremony will officially kick-
                                                                                off the Vermont 2004 maple season
                                                                                by Governor James Douglas. The
                                                                                                                          newly opened Jackson Gore Inn.
                                                                                                                          Guests will include media represen-

       Senator Patrick Leahy Tuesday     Champlain.”                               From ‘BSE’
    announced that the U.S. Depart-         The funds will come from the            On Page 1
    ment of Agriculture (USDA) has       Environmental Quality Incentives           sires often have more than one        cow has tested positive for BSE.          tions, some of which the USDA has
    awarded Vermont $12 million to       Program (EQIP), which helps            daughter, and often in more than one           First and foremost, educate your-    not fully explained how they
    help farmers control polluted run-   farmers reduce polluted runoff; the    herd, so it is not a conclusive match.    self on the issue and stay up to date.    should be met. The USDA isn’t al-
    off, protect their land from         Farm and Ranchland Protection              Of the thousands of potential sires   I do not believe we are facing a large    lowing any downer cows into
    sprawling development and en-        program, which helps keep high-        she could have come from, it is prom-     public health risk, but we are facing     slaughterhouses, making them a
    hance wildlife habitat. The funds    value farmland in agriculture; and     ising that her DNA matched the sire       a large public misconception of the       disposal issue. The flip side of that
    come from several federal agricul-   the Wildlife Habitat Incentives        suggested by the Canadian records.        risk, and your customers and neigh-       problem is those are the cows we
                                                                                Unless a Canadian-born calf of hers       bors (who eat beef daily) will be ask-    most need to be testing for BSE.
                                                                                can be located and matched with           ing for information.                          Another looming issue is animal
        “Farming is the heart of our economy and our                            DNA, this will be as close to confir-         The media is playing on fears, but    identification, being mandated by
       landscape, and these funds will go a long way to help                    mation of her birth-herd as possible.     the facts don’t justify it. BSE likely    the USDA, but quite likely will fall
                                                                                    USDA believes she came with 81        started in the U.K. in the late 70’s,     on the Vermont Agency of Agri-
       ensure both are healthy. Step by step, we are                            other cows from Canada into the U.S.      and the Center for Disease Control        culture to implement. It is one
       succeeding in making the federal government a strong                     in 2001. Nine of the remaining 80         estimates a million cattle were in-       month since the discovery of BSE,
                                                                                cows have been identified as being in     fected between now and then. Hun-         and we only know the whereabouts
       partner in cleaning up Lake Champlain.”                                  the index herd while 18 others have       dreds of thousands of cattle infected     for 30 percent of the cows from the
                                        Sen. Patrick Leahy                      been found at seven other dairies in      with BSE were consumed by mil-            herd. This makes the case for man-
                                                                                Washington. That leaves 53 cows           lions of humans, but as of December       datory Animal Identification.
                                                D-Vermont                       unaccounted for. The USDA believes        1, 2003, there have been only 153             However, it will come at a cost
                                                                                some of the 53 came to the index          cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob        to us all, and I believe the first few
    ture programs Leahy helped           Program, which helps farmers im-       farm, so out of the 4,000 cows on         Disease (vCJD) worldwide. I believe       years of it will consume a consider-
    launch as a senior member of the     prove wildlife habitat.                the farm they identified 129 that         we will see more cases of BSE in          able amount of state resources. The
    Senate Agriculture Committee.           Leahy also thanked Governor         could potentially be some of the miss-    North America, and we should be           Vermont Agency of Agriculture has
        “This is an important two-fer    Douglas for his support in secur-      ing cows. These 129 cows have been        preparing the public for this. The        some long days ahead and needs
    for Vermont: It’s good news for      ing the federal funds. “The Gov-       killed and tested for BSE.                U.K. is the best evidence of the hu-      our support and patience as the
                                                                                    Then we have the 17 heifers from      man health risk, and while vCJD is        implications of this case of BSE
    our farmers and for Lake             ernor has put Lake Champlain
                                                                                the Canadian herd dispersal. The lat-     an awful disease, it isn’t anywhere       ripple through our state. As always,
    Champlain,” said Leahy, a senior     front and center for everyone this     est news is that three have been lo-      near as deadly as a number of other       feel free to call me ((802) 257-
    member and former chairman of        year and shares my commitment          cated in the U.S. and will be killed      food-borne illnesses.                     7967) with any questions or con-
    the Senate Agriculture Commit-       to helping farmers do their part to    and tested. To date, only the index           There are new slaughter regula-       cerns.
    tee. “Farming is the heart of our    clean up the lake.”
    economy and our landscape, and          During last year’s renewal of the    From ‘Options’
    these funds will go a long way to    6-year Farm Bill that funds all of         On Page 1
    help ensure both are healthy. Step   the federal agriculture programs,
                                                                                groundwater.                              paying for a renderer to haul an old      to be considered.
    by step, we are succeeding in                                                   Disposal in the woods, or “for the    cow away, composting can turn the             A USDA Sustainable Agriculture
    making the federal government a                                             coyotes to eat,” poses risks for poten-   carcass into 1000 lbs. of soil amend-     Research and Education (SARE)
    strong partner in cleaning up Lake            See ‘Leahy’
                                                                                tial disease transmission, runoff of      ment for farm fields.                     Professional Development grant is
                                             Continued On Page 11
                                                                                nutrients and pathogens, increasing           Make no mistake, composting           currently providing funds to im-
                                                                                predator preference for pastured live-    carcasses is more difficult than man-     prove outreach of this practice in
                                                                                stock and potential neighbor issues       aging a pile of leaves and kitchen        Vermont, New York and Pennsyl-
                                                                                concerning odors and unsightly re-        scraps. Well-managed compost piles        vania. Agency staff, technical ser-
                                                                                mains. While there are no docu-           have an “earthy” scent and should         vice providers, veterinarians and
                                                                                mented incidents of disease trans-        not smell like rotting flesh. Care        farmers will be trained in the specif-
                                                                                mission through this practice, pre-       needs to be taken to make the proper      ics of carcass composting through a
                                                                                vention and risk management is wise       mix of feedstocks to effectively de-      series of active demonstration sites
                              Agriview is Vermont’s                                                                                                                 around Vermont, workshops and
                      Agricultural Publication of Record.                       for the Vermont livestock industry.       compose the carcass. Balancing mois-
                                                                                    Composting is cost-effective, bio-    ture, carbon and nitrogen, and struc-     tables at farm show and fairs. Event
                      It is published semimonthly by the                        secure, environmentally sound and         turing the compost pile with some         dates will be posted in Agriview and
        Vermont Agency of Agriculture Food & Markets                            an efficient means of managing ani-       coarse materials to allow oxygen into     other farm publications.
        116 State Street, Drawer 20, Montpelier, VT 05620-2901                  mal remains. Common materials and         the mix, will help achieve the suffi-         UVM Extension, VT Agency of
           Telephone: (802) 828-2416 • Fax: (802) 828-3831                      residuals on many farms such as bed-      cient microbial activity and increased    Agriculture, USDA NRCS and
                                                                                                                                                                    Natural Resource Conservation Dis-
                                                                                ded manure, spoiled bunk haylage          temperatures (130-150 deg. F), to
                 Steve R. Kerr, Secretary of Agriculture                                                                                                            tricts have brochures, fact sheets and
                                                                                or silage, rotted hay, and bedding        kill pathogens and break down the
                                                                                                                                                                    videos to assist in developing sites,
                  Editor: Michael Schaefer, (802) 828-3829                      such as sawdust, shavings and straw,      carcass and feedstocks into a usable      compost “recipes” and preventing
                                                                                can be used to mix with animal car-       end product. Typically, in 6-12           odors. Agency personnel can also
                                                                                casses to create an effective compost     months, the compost is suitable for       assist with specific troubleshooting
                        Agriview is available online at                         pile.Wood chips, often available          application to cornfields and other       problems. Contact me at (802)
                                            from utility companies, municipali-       crops. Bones may need to be               933-8789 or to
                                                                                ties or tree services are valuable for    recomposted or sifted from the end        learn more about upcoming events.
                        Advertising and subscriptions:                          making a good carcass compost mix.        product.                                      A copy of the Vermont Agency
                        Teresa Doyle, (802) 828-2416                            Rather than pushing bunk spoilage             Care is needed to properly site       of Agriculture’s new Composting
                       E-mail:                           and calf manure into the manure pit       the compost pile as proximity to the      Livestock Mortality brochure is
                                                                                or over a bank, these materials can       barns and farmstead, access in all sea-   available online at http://
                           Yearly subscription: $10                             create a “management and disposal         sons, separation distances from wells,
                   Printed by B.D. Press of Fairfax, Vermont                    system” for carcasses. Rather than        surface water, property lines all need    composting.pdf.
Januar y 30, 2004
 anuary                                                                                                                                                       3

Bees                                         brother to Des Prairies TouTou,        Schedule includes weekends,           EXCELLENT SHAPE $5800;
                                             5 time Grand Champion at the           housing is available. Please          JD 4240 4800HRS CAB                  GMC, 1988 stake bed dump
20-frame radial honey separator              Royal. Quiet and well                  send resume to Mike Reiff,            EXCELLENT SHAPE                       truck 12’, new 454 cu. in.
   with wooden stand. Like new               mannered, halter broke. Perfect        Stonewall Farm, 242 Chester-          $23500; JD 2350 3600 HRS              engine, new brakes and battery;
   condition. $550. Call Roger               freestall bull. Newport (802)          field Rd., Keene, NH 03431            2WD EXCELLENT SHAPE                   9’ Fisher plow. No reasonable
   in Whiting (802) 623-6328                 334-8198 (2/20)                        or e-mail to                          $16500; 1987 ARCTIC CAT               offer refused. Located in
   (2/6)                                                                   (2/          SNOWMOBILE GREAT                      Newfane, call (802) 254-8742
                                          Randall Linebacks for sale. Native        6)                                    SHAPE $500. PLEASE CALL
Wanted: Behives to place or rent            Vermont rare breed. Selling                                                   1-802-276-3227 (2/6)                 JD plow, 18” 6-bottom auto-reset;
  in an organic berry field for             bred heifers and heifer calves.      Manager needed at the Brattleboro                                               2 16’ Dion unloading wagon,
  pollination. Call (802)893-               Excellent grazers, high butter         Area Farmers’ Market. Year          I.H. side delivery rake, works $275;      heavy duty Tamdon gear; 1
  2963 (2/6)                                fat milk. Great for a family           round, part-time work.                 pinwheel side delivery rake, new       New Holland blower; some
                                            cow. Merck Forest and                  Contact Cathy Miller at 387-           teeth $200; N.H. 782 chopper           milking equipment; 16’ stock
Lost Nation Farm Apiary: Order              Farmland Center – (802) 394-           2346 or e-mail to                      for parts or can be repaired           trailer, Fly L; 4-horse trailer; 4
   now for spring Nucleus                   7836 (2/20)                             $150. Call 537-2435 (2/6)              carts, single and double; hand
   colonies:5 frame Nuc’s/$65             Registerd Polled Hereford bull, 21       Application deadline January                                                  feed cart. St. Albans (802)
   ($20 deposit); 10 frame Nuc’s            months old, large frame, easy          24. (2/6)                           1500 Gallon Mueller bulk tank             524-6478 (2/6)
   ($40 deposit). These Colonies            keeper. Rutland Town (802)                                                   with free heaters; 400 ft.
   are overwintered in VT, so               236-4917 (2/20)                      CARETAKER/FARM COUPLE                   stainless steel pipeline with air     Two Allis Chalmers roto balers,
   these are VT hardy bees. Call                                                   WANTED for year round                 line and pump with 8 Surge              good shape, FREE. Call (802)
   to reserve your colony 802-            Dogs                                     employment. Sheep flock and           units; Miller pro rake, 1 yr. old;      446-2776 (2/6)
   878-2271. (2/6)                                                                 other farming opportunities           18 ft. Transport Brillian Spring
                                          Maremma pups – We have two               available on 200 acre farm.           Tooth; 12 ft. International drill     New Holland 474 haybine.
Cattle                                      bitchs from a May litter and           Mechanical ability and solid          seeder; 16 ft. Bush hog harrows.         Under cover and in good
                                            must sell. Registered animals          references a must. Housing            Call Bruce at 644-5007 (2/6)             condition. $1,000. Call
Jersey/Holstein Cross Heifers(2)            with excellent guard capabili-         provided, salary and share of                                                  Brattleboro (802) 257-5666
    17 months old $475 each.                ties. Both parents on our farm         farm income. For more               Mayer 7 ½ foot snowplow,                   (2/6)
    Lincoln 802-453-7138                    and because of them we have            information call (802) 863-           hydraulic, complete with sub-         48 Canadian tie stalls with
    Lincoln (2/6)                           never lost any of our goats to a       3120 (2/20)                           frame and lights, $750. 758-             individual cow dividers plus
                                            predator. Price reduced to                                                   2682 (2/6)                               extra parts; 36+ water bowls
Jersey/Holstein Bull. 18 Months             $400. Boer goats also available.     ORGANIC FARMER                                                                   and quantity of ¾ inch
   old. $425. Easy to work                  Check our web-site at www.vt-          WANTED: To grow veg-                One set double ring tire chains, will      galvanized pipe and fittings.
   with. 802-453-7138 Lincoln      or call (802)            etables on acreage at Inn at          fit 11 to 13 inch wide tire and          Call (802) 877-3218 (2/6)
   (2/6)                                    254-8742 (2/6)                         Mountain View Farm in East            24 to 28 inch rim, $125 or best
Holstein Bull for sale – Born 8/                                                   Burke, VT - Call (802) 626-           offer. Call (802) 388-7774.           Surge Pipeline System – 250 ft +/-
   10/02, sired by Mystic,                Employment                               9924 (2/20)                           (2/6)                                    2” SS pipeline, 250 ft +/- 2”
   available after 1/23/04, $750.                                                                                                                                 PVC airline; 2 pressure gauges;
   Pomeroy Farm, Weston 824-              Looking for young adult/family         Equipment                             Signoid Loop 1000, table top               5 Boumatic claws & shells; 5
   5489 (2/6)                               interested in entering into a                                                 package strapping machine,              Surge pulsators; 4 Surge mini-
16 bred heifers, 5 Holstein, 3              farm partnership. Must have          1980 Ford 350 truck, 6 new style         plus 9 rolls of plastic strap,          cup claws & shells. Surge
   Jersey, 8 crossbreed, all 5-6            interest in progressive livestock      wheels 8 hole $50 ea., good            excellent condition, $250.              Electrobrain pipeline washer &
   months preg. checked and                 grass farming and ability to           running gear, B block eng,             Please call 453-3418. (2/6)             sink; Surge solid state pulsation
   vaccinated by vet. Johnson               make a commitment. Prefer              trans. & diff. Price negotiable.
   (802) 644-5577 (2/6)                     mechanical aptitude, but will          Also tailgate and other parts for
                                            train. Work can lead to                trucks, call for description &
Registered Dexter bull, Short leg           operation ownership. Position          prices. W. Danville (802) 563-
  type, 18 months old, very                 comes with a three-bedroom             2025
  beefy conformation, quiet and             farmhouse and salary based on
  gentle. Excellent for a beef              experience. Contact: Bruce at        8 gallon minivat pasteurizer, used
  crossbreeding program or with             434-7732. (2/6)                         in great shape, $6,000Call
  those difficult calving heifers.                                                  Bruce and Erin Bickford,
  $950 Rockingham 463-2205                Stonewall Farm, a non-profit              Walpole NH at 603-756-9619
  (2/6)                                      education center seeks experi-         (2/6)
                                             enced teamster and educator
For Sale or Lease: 1400 pount 4              with practical farm skills and      MF 124 SQUARE BALER W/
  yr old registered Ayrshire bull.           ability to interact with public       KICKER EXCELLENT
  Full brother to Taurus’s Des               audiences, for full-time salaried     $4800; JD 3950 CHOPPER 5
  Prairies Tof-ET and maternal               position with benefits.               ½ FT GRASS HEAD,

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       Only items of an agricultural nature will be listed. The only real                 1
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4                                                                               Januar y 30, 2004

    control; Surge plate cooler         2715 (2/20)                          Hay - Certified Organic square
    model +4CH custom line;                                                    bales, 1st cut, good quality.
    Surge 100 plus Alamo             Potato Digger – one row, ground           $2.50 per bale. Call Peacham
    vacuum pump with 5 ½ hp             driven, 1930’s John Deere,             592-3088 (2/6)
    motor. Also includes many           could be pulled by horses,
    small extra parts. Good system      works great. Buy this one and        Good quality baled hay first and
    in good condition, priced to        I’ll give you a second one for         second cut, delivery available.
    sell. Call (802) 877-3218 (2/       parts, $300. Call Geo., So.            (802) 893-6302. (2/20)
    6)                                  Royalton (802) 763-7446. (2/
                                        20)                                  Square bales alfalfa-timothy mixed
JD 455 hydra-push spreader, very                                               hay, $2 a bale at the barn. Call
  good condition, spread less        Double 8 Boumatic Milking Parlor          (802) 442-2646 No.
  than 100 loads since com-            with automatic takeoffs and             Bennington (2/20)
  pletely gone through by              samplers, air doors and gates
  dealer, $5000. NH 28                 $16,000; Bulk tank, 1500              Bag of Feed $1,000 or best offer.
  blower, very good condition,         gallon Dairy Kool with washers          Call Brookfield (802) 276-
  $750. Pomeroy Farm, Weston           and compressors, $1,600. 50             3742 (2/20)
  (802) 824-5489 (2/6)                 Clay drinking bowls, $10. each.
                                       Salisbury - (802) 352-4375            Good quality 1st cut 4x4 wrapped
York Rake for sale. Year 2000                                                  round bales, $18 each, plus
   Mdl RI8, 8 ft., Hyd. angle,       150 gallon bulk tank, $100. Also,         100 2nd cut sw bales $2. each at
   foam filled tires, Jack stand,      several 10 gallon milk cans $25.        the barn. All bales mixed grass
   extra tines. Used very little,      each for the lot. Ernest Boule,         and clover. Also some 1st cut
   cost new $2,800; for sale @         3 N East Road, Tinmouth, VT             square bales. (802) 234-5653
   $2,000. Landgrove. 375-             05773. (2/20)                           (2/20)
                                     Manure Spreader, Knight 712 side        Hay – Good quality first cut round
Hayclone with a 30' shoot for          discharge, large flotation tires,       bales in ag bags, $18 each.
  loose hay or sawdust in              nice condition, single axle,            Volume discount available. East
  excellent shape. $300.00 or          $2,000. Fairfax (802) 849-              Montpelier (802) 456-8700
  best reasonable offer. 802-          6853 (2/20)                             evenings. (2/20)
  485-8266 ir (2/20)                                                Hay – 1st cut mixed grass, 4x4
                                     Farm Proper ty /
                                      arm Property                             round bales, several grades, up
Four chicken feeders, 4 foot long,   Farmland                                  to 400 available. Located on
  $7.00 each; Grimm syrup                                                      Fisher Road, Orwell, The
  press 8” excellent shape, $900.    WANTED: Farm within 50 miles              Bumps (802) 948-2946 (2/
  or best offer; old manure            of Montpelier VT. Need 100              20)
  bucket with 100 ft. of track,        Acres open good well drained
  was in use in old stable barns,      pasture soils, barn, barn yard,       General
  excellent shape $350.; scale,        manure storage, large house,
  floor model, will weigh up to        machine shed, off the beaten          Come live on a working hilltop
  300 lbs., $25. Morse Hillside        path. Have outgrown current             grass farm with great views and
  Farm, Westford (802) 878-            facility and need to upgrade.           wilderness trail access. Three
  3096 (2/20)                          802/426-4086 (leave message)            bedroom farmhouse for rent.
                                       or e-Mail                               Prefer tenants willing and able
Case 770 tractor, diesel, 65 pto (2/20)              to do some farm work in
  hp, with HD loader, 7 ft.                                                    exchange for rent. Horse
  bucket, $5,700. Pallet forks,      Feed                                      boarding available. $1000/
  3pt or loader mounted $425.                                                  month, utilities included.
  Fork lift forks with mast $150.    Large, solid, good quality organic        Contact Bruce at 434-7732
  Rutland Town (802) 236-               (not certified) square-baled hay.      (2/6)
  4917 (2/20)                           Most never wet. Call for
                                        information anytime, but 8:00        Goats
Milkroom equipment and 2”               a.m. is best. Plainfield 454-
  pipeline. Call Brookfield             7888 (2/6)                           14 Alpine goats, $100-$250 each
  (802) 276-3742 (2/20)                                                         or package deal: 5 are 3-year
                                     Corn Silage $25/ton. Hay $3/bale.          olds nursing kids and have
Kicker for New Holland 273             Delivery available. Liberty Hill         registration papers; 5 are 2-year
   Baler, excellent condition,         Farm, Rochester. 802-767-                olds and able to be registered; 4
   might fit on other New              3926. (2/6)                              are 1-year olds Boer X and San
   Holland model? $700                                                          Clemente X goats. Need to sell
   Contact Jonathan, 218 Town        Hay for sale: 1st cut $2.00 a bale;        as soon as possible. Walpole
   Farm Road, Hardwick, VT             2nd cut $3.00 a bale. Call 537-          NH 603-756-9619 (2/6)
   05843 (2/20)                        2435 (2/6)
                                     Corn Silage $25/ton. Hay $3/bale.       Nubian, purebred does (2), about
Knight 3300 mixer wagon, scales,       Delivery available. Liberty Hill        10 months old, $165. each
  good shape $5500 or BO.              Farm, Rochester 802-767-                obo. Nubian/Oberhasli cross
  Monroe, NH (603) 638-                3926. (2/6)                             does, about 9 months old,
  2647 (2/20)                                                                  $145. each obo. Call Lincoln
                                     Hay – 2nd cut round bales for sale,       (802) 453-7138 (2/6)
Five Kubota L-Series tractors, all     $15 each. Danby (802) 293-
   with loaders, 4 wheel drive         5837 (2/6)                            Three registered Alpine milkers,
   and very low hours, 29 to 43                                                bred for March and April to
   horsepower $13,000 to             Corn Silage – 1200-1500 tons,             excellent bucks, $150. each.
   $20,000. Jim Tucker,                good quality, well packed in            Andover (802) 875-3159 (2/
   Springfield, VT (802) 885-          bunk - $30 per ton. Also, First         6)
   4669 (2/20)                         and Second Cut Haylage, good
                                       quality, stored in ag bags, $30       Dairy Goats for Sale: 8 does, mix
Fisher 8’ snowplow, power angle,       per ton. Call 988-2959 (2/6)            breed alpine/nubian x and
   modified to mount on Farmall                                                nubian x, they are bred/
   H. tractor, $300 or b.o.; Sears   Organic first cut grass hay, analysis     exposed. 2 yrs. old coming into
   gas powered cement mixer            available. $2 dollars per bale.         2nd lactation. (802) 626-4641
   $75 or b.o. Cabot (802) 563-        Fairfield 933-4592 (2/6)                (leave message) (2/20)
Januar y 30, 2004
 anuary                                                                                                        5

                                       Sap buckets, 12 quart, covers and          front pans, stainless steel hood,
2 registered Angora goat pregnant         spouts sets. Assorted brands            inline preheater, stack and stack
   does, 4 and 5 years old. Easy          (Leader, King, Wheeling,                base, excellent grates, two
   to handle $150 each, must go           Warner). Clean and stored               burners, bricked and blankets.
   together. Nice fleece, good            inside during off season. Asking        Can deliver. Harlow’s Sugar
   blood lines. One registered            $8.00 per set. Houle Home-              House, Putney, VT 05346 –
   Angora goat buck, 3 years old          stead, Irasburg (802) 754-              Tel. (802) 387-5852 (2/20)
   and very easy to handle, also          2012 (2/6)
   good blood lines, proven                                                    Evaporator 2 ½’ x 8’, arch, pans,
   $200 or will trade for a colored    Bucket washer $250; 3 cone                stainless, 4 yrs. old, and new
   Angora buck. One unregis-             canner, holds 2 barrels, $90;           smokestack, $2,000. Also, other
   tered 100% Border Leicester           275 gal. SS bulk tank, $300;            sugaring equipment, call for
   ram, cream colored, 3 yrs old,        500 gal plastic horizontal              description and prices. W.
   very nice fleece, easy to handle.     transport tank, $275; misc.             Danville (802) 563-2025
   Phone (802) 748-4583 or               mainline fittings, make an offer;
   (802) 626-8349 or e-mail:             8x10 vacuum shed, includes            Wanted               2hp and 1.5hp vacuum pumps
   (2/20)                                with moisture trap, large belly       Wanted: Two 16.9 x 24 tractor
                                         releaser with 3/4hp Grundfos            tires to fit backhoe. Will pay
Horses                                   pump, UV light & cartridge              reasonable. J.S. Dow, WRJ
                                         filter. Self contained and ready        (802) 295-1771 (2/6)
Hackney pony 6 years old,                to use, just hook up main lines,
  beautiful bay, excellent               $3,000. Call (802) 276-3227           Wanted: Pony saddle, good
  conformation and dispostion,           (2/6)                                   condition. (802) 287-2002 (2/
  rides and drives $1600.00.                                                     6)
  Western saddle black with            Springtech Reverse Osmosis
  silver tacks and lace with breast       Machine. Mint condition, 160         Wanted: PTO one row potato
  plate $150.00. Brookfield               gals/hr. Used 1 year, still on         digger call Geo 802-763-7446.
  802-276-3413 (2/6)                      100% warranty for 1 more year,         (2/6)
                                          60% on the second year.
English saddle, 18”, with irons.          Enough supplies for 1 more           Wanted: Delaval automatic milk
  NICE! $100. cash. Call                  maple season. Winterized. 3            pipeline washing unit and air
  Underhill Ctr. 899-3450 (2/             tanks included: 550 gal. poly          injectors call 802-247-3362 .
  6)                                      cylinder, 300 ga. open                 (2/6)
                                          Rubbermaid, and a 350 gal.
Pigs                                      truck transport tank. $4,500.        Wanted: Kohler engine, 8 or more
                                          Williamstown (802) 433-1098            horsepower, electric start.
Piglets: Mixed breed piglets              (2/6)                                  Rutland Town (802) 236-4917
   $45.00. (1) intact male. Sows:                                                (2/6)
   Proven sows of various ages         1200 gal. galvanized holding tank
   and breeds $165 each Boar:            w/metal frame, excellent              Wanted: Gooseneck overdeck
   Proven with great conforma-           condition, $600. 1000 gal.              trailer, 12K to 14K rating with
   tion. Gentle with the ladies.         horizontal poly tank w/3 hoops,         electrical brakes & loading
   $145.00 Lincoln 802-453-              shut-off, and hose, used in a 1-        ramps. Grand Isle 372-4593
   7138 (2/6)                            ton dump truck, perfect                 (2/6)
                                         condition, $800. Williams
R abbits                                 Farm, Cornwall (802) 462-             Wanted: Tractor, JD 2020D or
                                         2470 (2/6)                              2030D in very good condition.
French Lops – purebred young                                                     Call (802) 457-2501 (2/6)
   adults, broken and solid does       Grimm sap buckets, covers and
   $50, bucks $35. Will have              spouts, approximately 250,           Wanted: Milk stool, metal, three
   babies soon. (802) 476-3331            some 12 qt., some 16 qt.               legs, to fit under Jersey cow.
   (2/20)                                 Asking $1.50 per tap. Grimm            Underhill Ctr. 899-3450 (2/
                                          6 barrel, round gathering tank,        6)
Sheep                                     asking $200. Manchester
                                          (802) 362-1856 (2/6)                 Wanted: Beehives to place or rent
Dorset Ram, 3 ½ yrs old, healthy,                                                in an organic berry field for
  gentle, stocky build, sires nice     For Sale or Trade: Sap storage, 29”       pollination. Call (802)893-
  lambs. Need new blood in the            tall x 56” wide x 11’ 11” on           2963 (2/6)
  flock, will sell for $125. or           143” long, old style wood
  trade for another Dorset ram.           frame. In very good condition,       Wanted: Working square baler,
  Barnet (802) 592-3088 (2/6)             always inside and clean and            270 New Holland or Massey or
                                          coated. Will sell or trade for 16”
Katahdin: Registered breeding             block wood. Call evenings
  stock. New bloodlines to New            (802) 244-7534 (2/6)
  England. Sires include triplet
  born, twin raised ram from           Leader 2x4 “Vermonter” evapora-
  2003 NSIP Proven Katahdin               tor with six feet of stack,
  Sire Trait leading flock. Bred          stainless steel one-piece baffled
  and selected to produce and             pan, and 325 gallon plastic
  raise multiple market lambs             pickup truck sap tank. Good
  exclusively on forage.                  shape – stored under cover off- , N.                 season. $1,199. for both.
  Pomfret, 295-3211. (2/20)               Chuck in White River at 295-
                                          1456 (2/6)
Sugaring Equipment
                                       30 – 5-gallon epoxy syrup drums
Woodsplitter for sapwood. Will            used once and cleaned. Like
  split four foot long wood.              new. $5. each or best offer.
  Three point hitch. Good                 Robert Colton, Pittsfield (802)
  condition $1200. North                  746-8901 (2/20)
  Bennington 802-447-3781
  (2/6)                                Maple Syrup Evaporator, 5’x14’
                                         raised blue, two 4’ stainless
6                                                                                                                                    Januar y 30, 2004

    similar. Don’t want to pay
    much, for 9N. Call (802) 333-
    9252 (2/6)                                                              Agrivew Hay & Forage Directory
                                                                             grivew               irector
                                                                                          Forage Directory
Wanted: Snow plow, frame and             Addison County                                                                                                           former dairy, high quality.
  electric controls to fit ’95 Jeep                                              Chittenden County                                                                $3.00 per bale. Walden Farm,
  Wrangler, ’95 –’03 fits. Also          Addison - Hay: round bales, June                                               Orange County                             533-7095. (10/1)
  right side metal door for same.          cut, fertilized. $75 a ton at         Colchester - 500 tons +/- corn
  Call Art anytime – Hartland              barn. Also, 2nd cut big square          silage: will sell in three (3)       Brookfield - For Sale or Equal         North Troy - Large wrapped round
  (802) 436-2772 (2/20)                    bales, processed. 759-2336.             separate lots, $20 per ton. Jeff       Value Trade: 1,500 square bales        bales of excellent certified
                                           (8/1)                                   Senesac 655-2862. (7/                  of hay, both last year and this        organic hay. Mixed grasses and
Wanted: Old barn beams for                                                         15)                                    year’s hay. Price is $1.50 a bale      alfalfa: 1st cut, $22.00 a bale; 2nd
  spring addition to house. Also         Bridport - Hay: large square bales,                                              or trade for equal value heifers       cut, $25.00 a bale. Quantity
  small manure spreader. Call               2nd cut, alfalfa/grass mix. $40/     Hinesburg - Standing hay, 20             or cows. Contact Tom Kidder            discounts. Square bales, approx.
  (802) 948-2782 (2/20)                     650 lb bales. 758-2682. (12/           acres. Free. 482-2294. (7/15)          at 276-3477. (8/15)                    45 lbs., certified organic, $2.25
                                            1)                                                                                                                   per bale. Delivery available.
Wanted: India Blue Peahens;                                                      Hinesburg - Round bales for sale:      Brookfield – 20 acres standing           988-4384, leave message. (10/
  Golden and Silver Seabright            Cornwall – Hay – good quality,            excellent quality, $10 each. You        corn. Lloyd Baker 276-3119.           1)
  Bantams. Call No. Haverhill,             clean 1st cut square bales. $1          pick up. 482-2305. (8/1)                (10/15)
  NH (603) 787-7070 (2/20)                 each. 462-3462. (11/1)                                                                                              North Troy – 1st and 2nd cut
                                                                                 Hinesburg – 5000 bales 1st cut, $2     Brookfield – 1st and 2nd cut hay,        haylage, stored in Ag Bag, $30
Wanted: Haybine, side delivery           Cornwall – 1st and 2nd cut hay for        per bale, quantity discount.            400 lbs, round bales. Stored          per ton. Corn silage, 1200-
  rake, and square baler in good           sale. Excellent quality, no dust,       300 bales 2nd cut, $2.75.               under cover. Leonard A.               1500 tons, good quality, well-
  condition for personal use (not          $1.75-$2.50 per bale. Good              Mulch hay, $1. 482-2376.                Herold, 276-3101. (11/1)              packed in bunk. $30 per ton.
  farming) at a reasonable price.          quality 4x4 round bales, $5-            (11/1)                                                                        988-2959. (1/9)
  Call (802) 244-8580 (2/20)               $12. Can deliver to most areas                                               Chelsea – Square baled hay, 1st
                                           for small fee. 462-2732. (11/         Hinesburg – Hay: clover, timothy         cut, large bales, $2.00/bale.        Westfield – 700 tons of good
Wanted: Small airblast orchard             15)                                     and trefoil mix. Baled without         Call Bonnie at 685-7733 or             quality corn silage . Well
  sprayer for 300+ tree orchard.                                                   getting wet. 4 X 4 round bales,        685-4821 days Monday thru              packed in 3 bunks. 744-2427.
  Must work with 18hp or less at         Lincoln – Premium 1st cut grass           $15 each. Last years, $7.50            Thursday; 684-2292 nights              (10/15)
  PTO (JD 750 tractor) in good              mix, $2/bale. 2nd cut grass            each. Delivery available or            and weekends and all day
  condition. Please call Eric (802)         mix, $3/bale. 1st cut round            loaded on your truck. 482-             Friday. (11/1)
  425-3357 (2/20)                           bales (in plastic), $20/bale.          2699 or 482-2556. (11/1)                                                    Rutland County
                                            Mulch hay, $1/bale. Delivery                                                Fairlee – 450 tons corn silage &
Wanted: New Holland 368 or 371              available. 453-4033. (8/15)          Richmond - 50 + acres standing            haylage mix, $30/ton. 150           Benson - 200 round bales for sale,
  tank-flail spreader for parts.                                                    corn silage. Price negotiable.         tons haylage $30/ton. Truck-          June/July cut hay. $10 per bale.
  Cabot (802) 563-2715 (2/20)
                                         Orwell - 5 X 5 round hay bales,            Call 434-7088. (9/1)                   ing available. 333-4840. (7/          537-3411. (8/1)
                                           good quality mixed hay, cut                                                     15)
Wanted: Blacksmith forge and
                                           mid-June, $20 per bale. 948-          St. George – Quality Hay &                                                    Benson - 4 X 4 hay bales, priced at
  tools to set up small home shop.
                                           2357 or email                             Mulch, square bales. Call          Randolph Center- Mulch hay for           $5, $10, and $15 per bale.
  Morrisville (802) 888-7955.
                                                  evenings or leave message with       sale: delivery possible. 728-          537-2271. (9/15)
                                           (8/1)                                     Gerry Guillemette at 802-862-        5413 or email
                                                                                     3741. (10/15)               or            Benson - Hay, large round bales, 1st
                                         Starksboro - Winter Rye Seed for                                        (8/15)               cut, $5.00-$7.50-$10.00 537-
                                            sale: Vermont Grown. $6.50/          Westford – hay: large square bales,                                             2271 (12/12)
                                            Bu. Lewis Creek Farm,                  $2.00 a bale out of barn. Easy       Randolph Center - Corn silage and
                                         453-4591. (8/1)                           access. 879-4269. (10/1)               3rd cut haylage available out of     Danby - 2nd Cut round bales for
                                                                                                                          the field. Large and small             sale, $15 each. (802) 293-
Vermont producers top
 ermont producers                        Vergennes - 4 X 4 round bales,          Williston – Late 1st cut hay, $1.50/     quantities to fill or top off your     5837
corn silage division                        double net wrapped, processed          bale. Mulch hay, $.75/bale.            forage needs. Every load
                                            1st cut (2003), $15 a bale.            Delivery available. 310-4840.          weighed. 1st and 2nd cut 3 X 3       Fair Haven - 4X4 mixed grass hay
    CLARENDON, VT.-- Proved to              Also 2nd cut square bales, alfalfa     (11/1)FRANKLIN COUNTY                  X 8 processed square bales.             bales, cut in June and July
be the winner’s circle for two silage       & grasses, $2.50 per bale. 759-                                               Quality for beef, heifers, horses       2003, $15/bale. 537-2271.
producers who recently claimed top          2176. (10/15)                        Fairfield - Organic, first cut grass     or dairy TMR. Call for pricing.         (7/15)
honors at the World’s Forage Analy-                                                 hay. Analysis available. $2.00        Delivery available for all feed.
sis Superbowl in Madison, Wis.           Whiting: First and second cut              per bale. 933-4592 (1/9)              Lincoln Custom Cropping.             Florence – First cut dry round hay
    “The hybrid offers higher digest-     square bale horse & livestock                                                   Cell: 802-793-1206.                     bales. Stored under cover. $20-
ibility with a lower lignin content,      hay, 40 to 50 pound bales.                                             (9/1)                $30 Delivery available. Call
which results in more energy avail-
able to the cow,” says Ted                Mulch hay. Delivery available                                                                                           483-2362. (10/1)
Grembowicz, winner of the Dairy           in New England ad eastern              Grand Isle County                      Tunbridge - 1st and 2nd cut round
Corn Silage division. “I have used        New York or pick up at the                                                      bales: dry & wrapped baleage.        North Clarendon - High Moisture
BMR hybrids for the past five years       farm. Large quantity available.        Isle La Motte – Hay – 1st cut grass.     $20 to $30 depending on                Shell Corn (H.M.S.C.) loaded
and they’ve helped me raise milk pro-     Popoma Farm (802) 623-6220                 $2/bale. Also mulch hay,             quality. 889-5512. (9/1)               on truck in field. 773-6837 or
duction by 4 to 5 pounds per cow          or (11/15)                 $1.50/bale. Call weekdays at                                                cell phone 345-2193. (10/1)
per day and also allowed me to de-                                                   828-5435 or evenings and           Washington - 3500 good quality
crease grain costs.”                                                                 weekends at 928-3471. (11/1)         square bales, $2 a bale in barn.     Pawlet - Corn silage in bunker,
    Grembowicz Farm milks 75 Hol-        Caledonia County                                                                 883-2235. (11/1)                       $20/ ton. Deer Flats Farm 645-
steins with a 24,500 pound rolling                                               Grand Isle - Dry hay, 2003, round                                               0405. (7/1)
herd average. They raise grain corn,     Barnet – Second crop wrapped              bales (5’x5 1/2'). Grand Isle,
grass hay, corn silage and soybeans
on 650 acres.                              round bales, $20. Square bales,         Vermont location. To inspect         Orleans County                         Rutland - 300 tons haylage, $20/
    The Grand Champion First               $2.00 633-3927. (10/15)                 hay call 253-4515 or 479-                                                     ton. 747-3057 or 345-2229.
Time Entrant, Cash Ruane, has                                                      7841. (1/9)                          Albany - 400 round bales for sale        (8/1)
planted Mycogen Fulltime Forage          Peacham – Dry round bales                                                         on our farm in Albany, Vt.           Hay and Forage Di-
hybrids for the past three years.           (under cover), wrapped, 1st &                                                  The price is $12/bale. Our            ectory
                                                                                                                                                                rector y Continued
    The C. Ruane Farm operation             2nd cutting. Square bales, 2nd       Lamoille County                           phone number is 802-755-
consists of Cash; his wife, Karen; and      cutting. For information call                                                  9918 (1/17)                         Washington County
his daughter, a high school senior.         592-3356. (11/15)                    Jeffersonville - 4 X 4 wrapped
They own 127 head with a milking                                                    round silage bales, certified       Derby - 1st & 2nd cut wrapped          Barre - Organic 2nd cut hay….free.
string of 58. Most of the herd are       South Ryegate - 30# square bales,          organic or conventional. Triple       round bales. Also, mixed alfalfa       479-9683. (9/1)
Holsteins, with 10 percent Brown           dry, 1st cut, $1.75 at barn.             wrapped. Milk hay, $25 per            and grass wrapped round bales
Swiss. Ruane farms 189 acres raising
grass hay, high moisture shell corn,       Mulch by the truckload, $1.00            bale. Heifer hay, $18 per bale.       with 18% protein. 766-2677.          East Montpelier – Hay – Good
BMR corn silage and soylage (soy-          each, we load – you transport.           Forage analysis results available     (10/1)                                  quality, first cut, round bales in
beans as forage).                          Steve, 584-4450. (8/15)                  on all feed. Mountain Road                                                    ag bags, $18 each. Volume
                                                                                    Farm, 644-5138. (9/15)              Greensboro - 2nd cut square bales,        discount available. 456-8700
Januar y 30, 2004
 anuary                                                                                                                                                       7

                                                                MARKET REPORTS
                                                                 MARKET REPORT
     Wholesale Prices                                 Northampton Co-Operative Auction Association, Inc. — Januar y 27, 2004
                                                       orthampton Co-Operativ Auction Association, Inc.       anuary
         January 27, 2004
          anuary                                                Total Animals: 303                       uyers:
                                                                                     Consignors: 89 Buyers: 74
  EGGS:                                                Calves         Low       High                Cows                Low      High               Feeder Pigs         Low     High
  Prices paid per dozen for VT Grade                                                                                                                (each)              17.00   64.00
  A brown eggs delivered to retail                     45-60 lbs.   26.00       38.00               Canners             20.00    40.00
                                                       61-75 lbs. 40.00         41.00               Cutters             42.50    47.00              Lambs               Low     High
                                                       76-90 lbs. 40.00         66.00               Utility             47.50    56.25                                  95.00   185.00
  Jumbo, $1.83-1.86                                    91-105 lbs. 50.00        68.00
                                                                                                    Hogs                Low      High               Sheep               Low     High
  X-Large, $1.70-1.73                                  106 lbs & up 68.00       71.00
  Large, $1.64-1.67                                                                                                     15.00    40.50                                  49.00   110.00
                                                       Farm           70.00     120.00
  Medium, $1.30-1.33                                   Calves                                       Sows                Low      High               Goats               Low     High
  Egg market is up, supply is good                     Started        NONE                                              7.00     26.00              (each)              23.00   207.50
  and demand is good to very good.                     Calves                                       Boars               Low      High               Rabbits: $2.00 - 8.00 each
  You can find more reports                            Feeder         42.50     69.00                                   3.00                        Hay:        $1.90 - $3.60/bale
          online at                                    Calves
                                                                                                                                                    Mulch Hay: None                             Heifers        60.00     87.00               Shoats              Low      High
       marketnews.htm                                                                                                                               Straw:      None
                                                       Veal           NONE                                              32.00    70.00

   This is the web source for                          Bulls          50.25     63.00
    USDA Market News                                   Steers         81.00     84.50               All prices are per hundredweight on the hoof unless otherwise indicated.
                                                                                                                Source: Northampton Cooperative Auction Association, Inc.
   evenings                                            Rep. Heifers NONE

Marshfield – Cert. Organic hay,
  round bales, wrapped and dry.
  $15-20. Joe Lee at 426-3123
  or 426-3339. (10/15)
Plainfield – Large, solid, good        Febr uar y 7
                                        ebruar                                nesota, speaking on marginality and      more.
   quality, organic (not certified),       Beginning Cheesemaking Work-       its importance to effective business         A special children’s conference is      Grant Applications
   square-baled hay. Most never        shop at Lazy Lady Farm. Introduc-      management, while incorporating          available for young farmers ages 6-                         airy
                                                                                                                                                                         ermont Dair
                                                                                                                                                                   for Vermont Dair y
   wet. Call for information. 454-     tory workshop for people interested    information on production, health        13 which will offer farm-related
                                       in cheese making. Cost $100; RSVP      and culling for dairy producers; Dr.     workshops, games and crafts. A col-
                                                                                                                                                                    Producers’ Farm
   7888. (11/15)
                                       with $50 deposit. Lunch will be        Normand St.Pierre, from Ohio State       orful farmers market with educa-             Business Transfer
                                       served. 10:00 -2:00 Contact Laini      University, speaking on heifer man-      tional materials, organic products,          Planning are still
Windham County                         Fondiller at 802-744-6365 or email     agement; and David A. Reid, DVM,         crafts, and associated businesses and      available through the
                              for more informa-     Director of Milk Harvest, Science,       non- profit organizations will be on-
Townshend - Wrapped 5 X 4              tion.                                  and Technology, speaking on parlor       going all day. We are also happy to              Agency of
  annual rye bales, 2nd cut 5 X 4                                             efficiency. For further information,     welcome back the Cleary Brother’s               A griculture.
  wrapped bales. (413) 772-
  3732. (9/1)
                                       Febr uar y 8
                                        ebruar                                contact: Colleen S. Leonard, Dairy       Band, playing live bluegrass and old-
                                          The Gigantic WOKO Indoor            Herd Management Specialist with          time music during our lunch hours.                Deadline is
Westminster - Hay for sale: Square     Flea Market at the Champlain Val-      UVM Extension, 338 Highland                  For more information on regis-
                                       ley Exposition from 9am-4pm.           Ave., Newport, VT -5855-4867.            tration or volunteering the day of the            April 2004.
  bales. 722-9828. (9/1)
                                       Hundreds of tables and booths.         Phone (802) 334-7325 ext. 13, fax        conference contact the NOFA-VT
Whitingham - 5 ft. round bales dry     Admission is $2 at the door, chil-     (802) 334-5208 or email                  office: Northeast Organic Farming            For information,
 2nd cutting, mixed, mostly grass,     dren 12 and under free. To reserve                 Association of Vermont (802) 434-
 loaded at the farm (local delivery    space, contact Susan Petrie at (802)                                            4122 or Registra-
                                                                                                                                                                      contact Louise
 possible). The Corse Farm, 368-       878-5545           or         email    Febr uar y 21
                                                                               ebruar                                  tion forms and workshop listings are              aterman,
 7192, 7:30 AM or 6:30 PM or                         “Expressing the Culture in Ag-        also available on our website:                   Education
 leave a message. Answering                                                   riculture” is the theme behind the
 machine on 7th ring. (9/15)                                                                                                                                           dinator,
                                                                                                                                                                  Coordinator, at (802)
                                       Febr uar y 14
                                        ebruar                                22nd Annual NOFA-VT Winter
                                                                                                                                                                   828-6900 or email
                                           Third Annual Cattleman’s Con-      Conference on Saturday, Feb. 21 at
                                       ference in Walpole, Ma. Workshops      Vermont Technical College in                                                   
Windsor County
                                       include Pasture Based Beef Produc-     Randolph.
                                       tion, Preparing Beef for Dinner           The conference will spotlight
Chester – Alfalfa baleage, 4x4
  round wrapped, excellent             Demonstration, Selling Natural         the art and craft that has been in-         Integrated Crop Management for
                                                                                                                                     Cr Management
  quality 1st and 2nd cut. Call for
  information. 875-2883. (11/
                                       Beef, Maintaining Your Cattle Clip-
                                       pers, Making Ag. Stats Work For
                                                                              spired by agriculture and the rural
                                                                              landscape. The farm motif has long
                                                                                                                                         Forage Cr
                                                                                                                               Field and Forage Crops
  1)                                   You, Composting on the Farm, Judg-     been a standard for the Vermont              Learn about New Controls for Corn Rootworm and other insects,
                                       ing Feeder Calves, Mastering the Art   image. From Mary Azarian to               Oddball weeds and Brown Rot Alfalfa Disease, Mad Cow Disease Im-
Rochester - Corn Silage $25/ton.       of Electric Fencing, Beef Quality      Woody Jackson to Bread and Pup-
  Hay $3/bale. Delivery available.                                                                                      pacts on VT Farmers, Fine tune your equipment and control plans for
                                       Assurance and Certified Hereford       pet Theater, artists of all sorts have    improved profits, and discover ways to improve soil and plant health to
  Liberty Hill Farm, 802-767-          Beef. Sponsored by the New En-         helped keep this image alive
  3926.                                                                                                                 beat the weeds. Instruction, PAT Credits and lunch provided.
                                       gland Hereford Association. Located    through vivid color, costume and
Woodstock – Hay 2nd cut, 800           at the Norfolk County Agricultural     character.                                                  Feb. 10, Tuesday– Sheldon, The Abbey
  bales at $4.25. 7 ton grain bin,     High School. 9am-3pm. For infor-          Experienced farmers, gardeners,                   Feb. 11, Wednesday – Middlebury, American Legion
  $350. 457-3637 (11/15)               mation, contcat David Green at         educators and authors will offer                    Feb. 12, Thursday – Springfield, Holiday Inn Express
                                       (508) 668-0268 ext. 293.               more than 30 workshops of interest                    Feb. 13, Friday – St. Johnsbury, Black Bear Tavern
Bethel – Good quality 1st cut 4x4                                             to home gardeners, commercial
  wrapped round bales, $18.00          Febr uar y 19
                                        ebruar                                growers, dairy farmers and con-               Who: Farmers, Private Pesticide Applicators, Industry Professionals
  each, plus 100 2nd cut square           The Vermont Large Farm Dairy        cerned consumers. Topics will in-             Cost: $20 if pre-registered, $25 for Walk-ins.
  bales $2.00 each at the barn.        Conference is scheduled for Thurs-     clude: mushroom cultivation, pas-
  All bales mixed grass and clover.    day, February 19th, 2004, at the       tured pigs, biodynamic farming,           For information and to register call Ann Hazelrigg
  Also some 1st cut square bales.      Sheraton Hotel in Burlington.          green manures, biotechnology,             at (802) 656-0493 or Wendy Anderson at 828-
  (802) 234-5653 (1/23)                Speakers include Dr. John Fetrow,      wind power in Vermont, market-            3475. E-mail:
                                       DVM, MBA, University of Min-           ing, perennial production and much
8                                                                                                                                                Januar y 30, 2004

                                                                                          AG NEWS

Vermont can ‘co-exist’ in state’s agricultural community
 ermont      co-exist’
            ‘co-exist     state’
    Over the past six months, the           use of such crops as beneficial for         isolation distances specified for each    Pollination and/or Seed
Agency of Agriculture convened a            managing pests, but others, wish-           crop. Manage herbicide resistant          Set in Perennial Forages                Records
group of individuals with widely            ing to maintain a non-transgenic sta-       crops to minimize herbicide resistant                                                 Document harvest and handling
divergent views regarding the use of        tus, have legitimate cross contami-         weed development according to la-            To avoid cross-pollination of        dates, as well as any efforts taken to
genetically engineered food and for-        nation concerns which can be par-           bel.                                      perennial forages, timely harvest       minimize inadvertent cross-pollina-
age crops in Vermont. Through a             tially addressed through communi-                                                     prior to flowering or seed set is es-   tion.
series of seven meetings, agricultural      cation with neighbors and main-             Don’t Spread Transgenic                   sential to reduce the risk. There are
and legal experts from the Univer-          taining cooperative farm manage-            Seed in Shared (or Hired)                 times (especially during dry sum-       Risk
sity of Vermont, U.S.D.A., the Eu-          ment.                                       Equipment                                 mers) when alfalfa matures quickly
ropean Union and the Attorney                   This information is to help mini-                                                 and blooms earlier than expected.           Whatever you plant, know the
General’s office helped us better           mize Vermont farmers’ risk of farm-             Trucks, bins, planters, combines,     For pastures, it may be important       risks involved and the possible liabil-
understand the agronomic and legal          to-farm movement of transgenic              etc., will carry residual seeds after     to mow in early summer if flower-       ity. Consider crop insurance specifi-
underpinnings of this controversial         pollen and seeds.                           use. If you share equipment with          ing is observed.                        cally for transgenic or organic crops.
matter; the participants and visitors                                                   other farms, be aware that you may
questioned the presenters, discussed        Talk to Your Neighbors
                                                         Neighbors                      get some of their seed onto your farm     Use Physical Distance                   Ask for help
what they had heard and debated                                                         and vice-versa, you may pass along        and
possible courses of action.                     Agriculture has always been a           your seeds. Combines are particularly     Barriers to Separate                        Technical assistance providers are
    While no consensus was reached          community. Farmers now have a               difficult to get absolutely clean.        Crops                                   available to meet with farmers to as-
and serious disagreements on policy         new responsibility: to work together        When hiring cropping equipment,                                                   sist with communication and devel-
proposals remain, the Agency of Ag-         in an effort to avoid conflict and to       ask about its previous use.                   Although there is no guarantee      opment of cropping plans that will
riculture feels that it can recommend       protect the right to farm. Open and                                                   that cross-pollination won’t occur,     minimize farm-to-farm movement of
several steps that will promote “co-        honest communication is essential           Use Rotation Plans to                     keeping crops at the greatest isola-    transgenic crops. This team includes
existence” of farming practices which       before you plant crops to insure that       Keep Crops Separated                      tion distance possible reduces the      representatives from the Agency of
adopt and eschew genetically engi-          adjoining crops are unlikely to cross                                                 risk. Also, the width of border rows    Agriculture and University of Ver-
neered crops, enable consumers to           pollinate.                                      Crop rotation and planting coor-      reduces the risks for the conven-       mont Extension. Call the Agency at
choose between foods that have been             Don’t assume the farmer across          dination are crucial to prevent con-      tional farm crops. When plant           802-828-2340 with questions, or to
genetically engineered and foods that       the fence is planting transgenic            ventional and transgenic crops from       varieties have overlapping pollina-     schedule a farm visit.
have not, and provide farmers and           crops. A good line of communica-            cross pollenating.                        tion times, plant the non-GE vari-          Certified organic producers
public policy makers the data that          tion will open the discussion and               For example, if farm A grows con-     ety as far as possible from the         should, as always, consult NOFA-
they need to make thoughtful deci-          will lead to better farmer-to-farmer        ventional sweet corn and neighbor-        transgenic crop.                        VT at 802-434-4122.
sions.                                      co-existence. If there are concerns, it     ing farm B is planting transgenic field       For relatively tall crops such as
    The Agency of Agriculture’s bro-        is recommended that both farmers            corn, but both grow other crops such      corn, border rows, hedgerows or         Sources of information
chure on farmer-to-farmer co-exist-         utilize the strategies outlined below.      as mixed vegetables and hay, they         other tall annual plants such as sor-   cited
ence spells out how non-GE farms                Since the risk of cross contami-        could coordinate their rotation plans     ghum sudangrass serve as useful
and those choosing to utilize geneti-       nation through pollen movement              to minimize the risk. Again, talking      barriers.                                   Vern Grubinger, UVM Exten-
cally engineered seeds and crops can        differs for each crop species, the strat-   with your neighbor to insure that             There are no official recom-        sion
work together. Below is the summary         egies will also differ. For example,        the corns are not in abutting fields is   mendations for separating non-GE  
of the brochure.                            because field corn is cross pollinated      an easy, and cooperative way to avoid     and transgenic crops. Listed below      isolate.html
    The use of transgenic (also             by wind, its pollen can be airborne         cross-pollination.                        are suggested guidelines estab-             USDA/APHIS: Isolation Dis-
known as genetically engineered or          for some distance. Because soybeans             This solution requires flexibility    lished for production of corn to be     tances in Feet from Any Contami-
genetically modified) crops has risen       are self-pollinating, they do not rep-      and a conversation well in advance        used in crop breeding programs.         nating Source
dramatically in Vermont during past         resent significant cross-pollination        of planting time, and it is inexpen-                                        
years. In 2002, most of the                 potential.                                  sive and community-minded.                                                        ext/corn/news/articles.00/
transgenic crops used in Vermont                                                                                                  Regulations                             GEO_Issues-000309.html
were field corn, including both her-        Know the Seeds You Plant                    Use Crop Maturity to                                                        
bicide tolerant and insect resistant,                                                   Avoid Cross Pollination                      Keep up to date on applicable        publications/IFAFS/
and herbicide tolerant soybeans.                Most transgenic seed orders re-                                                   regulations pertinent to the            coexistence.html
    It is also possible that a very small   quire a contract, but it is in the best         If two farmers have neighboring       transgenic crop in question.                Martens, M-H. What can organic
amount of transgenic summer                 interest of the farmer to pay par-          cornfields and one wants to grow                                                  farmers do to reduce contamination
squash and sweet corn is grown in           ticularly close attention to seed la-       transgenic field corn while the other     Transportation and                      from genetically modified crops?
Vermont, although the data is lack-         beling. Know the classification;            wants to produce a non-GE corn            Storage                                 Mid-winter 2000 NOFA-NY News-
ing. In 2004, transgenic alfalfa and        sweet corn and summer squash with           crop, the risk of cross-pollination can                                           letter.
squash will probably be commer-             transgenic-traits may be labeled as         be reduced by using varieties with as        Clean and inspect storage spaces         Riddle, James A., “A Plan for Co-
cially available. In the years to come,     ‘insect-protected’ or ‘virus resistant’.    vastly different maturity dates as pos-   prior to use. Ensure identity pres-     Existence: Best Management Prac-
a number of other crops with                Don’t be afraid to ask if you are un-       sible.                                    ervation (“IP”) of transgenic and       tices for Producers of Bio-Tech
transgenic traits are likely to come        sure. Read and understand any li-                                                     organic crops. This includes trucks,    Crops”
on the market.                              censing agreements you sign and re-         Use Harvest And Mowing                    tarps, augers, bins, etc.
    Many Vermont farmers see the            tain copies. Regard the appropriate         Practices to Avoid Cross

                   ermont Agency       griculture   ochure
                                     Agricultur brochur         co-existence’,
                                                               ‘co-existence         “Genetic
    A copy of the Vermont Agency of Agriculture’s brochure on ‘co-existence’, titled “Genetic
                                armer-to-Farmer Guidelines
                               Farmer-to-Far                                   arm-to-Farm
                                                                 Minimizing Farm-to-Far
     Engineering Co-existence: Farmer-to-Farmer Guidelines for Minimizing Farm-to-Farm
                                  Seeds      Pollen      mont”
                Movement of ‘GE’ Seeds and Pollen in Vermont” can be found at
Januar y 30, 2004
 anuary                                                                                                                                                                 9

                                                                                       AG NEWS

Vermont’s new state veterinarians bring wealth of experience
 ermont             veterinarians       wealth
By Michael Schaefer, Editor

    When Dr. Kerry Rood made the
pilgrimage from his home in Utah
through one of Vermont’s notori-
ous 2003 snowstorms after accept-
ing the vacated Agency of Agricul-
ture State Veterinarian position of-
fered to him, he instantly second-
guessed his decision.
    “Drove into Vermont in the first
of the 2 ‘100 year’ snow storms that
we got in December and I thought
‘oh my goodness, what have I
done?’,” said Dr. Rood.
    Rood, who began his job on
December 1, hasn’t looked back
since, and recently closed on a home
in Barre for him, his wife Rachel and
his three daughters Kiersten (11),
Paige (6), Erica (3).
    Just three weeks into his new job,    Dr. Kerry Rood, Vermont State Veterinarian                                           Dr. Julie Hoberman, Vermont Associate State Veterinarian
news agencies around the world
announced the first ever reported
                                           mont State Veterinarian, is also pre-      the farm, but has since sold the dairy    versity and followed that with a vet-    such, animal health was always of
case of BSE in the U.S. and Dr. Rood
                                           paring for her tenure with the agency      and now focuses on raising beef           erinarians degree in 1997 from Kan-      special importance to me. A career
settled in for a long and thorny ten-
                                           to be filled with all things BSE and       cattle.                                   sas State University.                    in Veterinary medicine was one of
ure as Vermont’s State Veterinarian.
                                           related.                                       “I was raised in the 4-H program,         After his education, Dr. Rood        my goals for as long as I can remem-
    “I am excited to be involved in
                                               “Things are going as well as can       showing jersey cattle at the county       practiced privately both in his home-    ber.”
some exciting changes towards pre-
                                           be expected given the national situa-      and state fair,” said Dr. Rood. “I was    town in Oregon and then again in             After a BS in environmental sci-
ventive animal health,” Dr. Rood
                                           tion,” said Dr. Hoberman.                  exposed to wonderful veterinarians        Utah prior to moving out to Ver-         ence from UVM, a MS in biology
said. “One is the planning and imple-
                                               Both Drs. Hoberman and Rood            who inspired me to become one. I          mont.                                    from Yale University, and a VMD
mentation of the National Animal
                                           have extensive backgrounds and ex-         was always the family member who              Dr. Hoberman, on the other           from the Univ. of Pennsylvania, Dr.
Identification Plan/Program that
                                           perience in agricultural veterinarian      would be in charge of the veterinary      hand, grew up in both urban and          Hoberman, like Dr. Rood, took up
will be starting soon. That will be a
                                           science, and as both have relocated        visits when I got older.”                 rural areas, where she gathered in-      residence at a private practice.
huge project to assign farms premise
                                           from out-of-state, they both bring             Eventually, Dr. Rood left the         fluences from both in determining            “I worked in private practice for
identification and then later, assign
                                           new perspective to Vermont.                farm to pursue his passion in veteri-     her future as a veterinarian.            approximately two and a half years
the animals permanent ID.”
                                               Dr. Rood was born and raised on        nary science. He graduated with a             “I have always had a keen inter-     before I started pursuing a govern-
    Dr. Rood isn’t the only new face
                                           a registered Jersey dairy farm in Coos     bachelors of science degree in            est in natural and medical sciences      mental/regulatory position,” said Dr.
in the Vermont Agency of
                                           Bay, Oregon. The family operation          Bioveterinary Science and a masters       and I grew up with an array of dogs      Hoberman, who is originally from
Agriculture’s Animal Health section.
                                           included milking a 100-120 cow             in science degree in animal science/      and horses all of which I was very       Essex, Connecticut.
    Since her hiring in late fall 2003,
                                           herd twice daily. His family still owns    parasitology from Utah State Uni-         close to,” said Dr. Hoberman. “As
Dr. Julie Hoberman, Associate Ver-

USDA reports on BSE case depopulation for herd
    On Tuesday, Jan. 27, 2004,            animals depopulated                        Investigation Activities
15 animals of interest were                                                                                                    Quincy, Washington.                      that animals born on a premises
                                             · Quincy, WA - a total of 18
euthanized and sampled from the                                                                                                  · 3 were located at a facility in      within one year (before or after) of
                                          animals depopulated
Moxee, WA, facility. In addition             ·     T enino, WA - a total of 4                                                  Mattawa, Washington.                     a BSE-affected animal can be
                                                                                        At this time, 28 of the 81
to this facility, USDA has                animals depopulated                                                                    · 1 was located at a facility in       considered of significant interest to
                                                                                     animals that came from Canada
previously conducted selective                                                                                                 Moxee, Washington.                       the country reporting the BSE
                                                                                     have been located:
depopulation activities at these                     Samples taken from the                                                      · 3 are located at a facility in       detection. As such, USDA is
facilities:                               15 animals depopulated in                     · 1 of the 81 is the BSE-positive      Burley, Idaho.                           focusing on 25 of the 81 animals
    · Sunnyside, WA (bull calf            Connell, WA have tested negative.          cow and was located in the Index            · 1 is located at a facility in        also born into the birth herd of the
premises) - a total of 449 animals        All 170 samples from the index             herd in Mabton, Washington.               Othello, Washington.                     index animal. Based on normal
depopulated                               herd and the Mattawa herd have                                                                                                culling practices of local dairies,
                                                                                        · 9 of the 81 were located in the
    · Mabton, WA (index                   completed testing; results were                                                                Guidelines on bovine           USDA’s Animal and Plant Health
                                                                                     Index herd in Mabton, Washing-
premises) - a total of 131 animals        negative for BSE. The final test           ton.                                      spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)          Inspection Service estimated that
depopulated                               results for the samples taken at
                                                                                        · 3 were located at a facility in      issued by the World Organization         the Agency would be able to locate
    · Mattawa, WA - a total of 39         Boardman, OR; Quincy, WA;
animals depopulated                                                                  Tenino, Washington.                       for Animal Health (OIE), the             approximately 11 of these animals.
                                          Tenino, WA; and Moxee, WA are
    · Connell, WA - a total of 15                                                       · 6 were located at a facility in      international animal heath               APHIS has definitively located 14
                                          not yet available.
animals depopulated                                                                  Connell, Washington.                      standard setting organization, state     of these animals.
    · Boardman, OR - a total of 20                                                      · 1 was located at a facility in

           For the most up-to-date informaton concerning the BSE case in Washington, trade
                                   informaton concerning
          agreements                          information concerning                   nment’
          agreements with American beef or information concerning the federal government’s
               regulations and guidelines for slaughter, click on
10                                                                                                                                           Januar y 30, 2004

                                                                                     AG NEWS
‘The Flightpath’: News From The VT Beekeepers Assn.
     Flightpath News Fr                       Assn.
                                                                                                                              foundations should be replaced ev-      Honey monsters
             Kim Flottum
A visit with Kim Flottum                                                                                                      ery three years. Secondly, integrated
                                                                                                                              pest management means we should
                                                                                                                                                                          The genome’s publication is
                                                                                                                                                                      good news for beekeepers and
of Bee Culture Magazine                                                                                                       monitor mite levels throughout the
                                                                                                                              year and treat accordingly.
                                                                                                                                                                          victims of bee stings alike. Across
                                                                                                                                                                      the globe bees are threatened by a
                                                                                                                                                                          pesticide-resistant mite called
By Bill Mares                             Newell and Mara Gitlin and Todd                                                     Thinking of building                    varroa. The bug, which has spread
                                          Haire, with one or two or ten hives                   lightpath’
                                                                                         ‘ The Flightpath’                    a honey bee?                            from Asia, weakens the insects, mak-
    Two weeks ago, I got a chance to      are dependent upon what happens                                                         A draft version of the honey bee    ing them susceptible to fatal infec-
spent a day with Kim Flottum, edi-        to people like Richard Adee with                                                    genome has been made available to       tions. “The new information may
tor of Bee Culture in Medina, Ohio,       50,000, or Horace Bell with 30,000,        ened, but that’s economic Darwin-        the public - a move that should ben-    help researchers generate varroa-re-
the home of the A.I. Root company,        or John Miller with 10,000.                ism and it doesn’t affect me. Unfor-     efit bees and humans alike. The         sistant bee strains,” says Claire War-
which owns the magazine. It was                Why is this so? In a word, “glo-      tunately, it does, for if the big guys   honey bee (Apis mellifera) is multi-    ing, editor of the beekeeping jour-
fascinating not just to talk to Kim,      balization.” The globalization of the      go bankrupt, where will the demand       talented. It produces honey, polli-     nal Bee Craft. Such insects would
who has spent 25 years observing          honey market has brought rivers of         and money come from to pay for           nates crops and is used by research-    be healthier and produce more
and participating in the beekeeping       cheaper honey from Argentina,              research on the very mites which are     ers to study human genetics, age-       honey. It may also help us under-
industry, but to walk the floors of the   China and elsewhere into the U.S.          killing the hives of all of us? If the   ing, disease and social behaviour.      stand aggressive bee behaviour, says
factory which at one time was the         to compete with that from the West         big guys go bankrupt, then where         “Without bees and pollination, the      Gibbs..... Researchers have depos-
largest beekeeping equipment sup-         and Midwest.                               will the queen and package suppli-       entire ecosystem would crumble,”        ited the draft sequence with
plier in the world, and which now              Some producers have been able         ers go for customers? The same is        says Richard Gibbs, who led the se-     GenBank, a public database run by
has shifted its manufacturing almost      to compete by growing larger and           true for the equipment makers and        quencing effort at the Baylor Col-      America’s National Institutes of
entirely to candle-making, most of        more efficient, others have pushed         other elements of the beekeeping in-     lege of Medicine, Houston. Its ge-      Health. It will also be published on
which are not made of beeswax, but        higher end honeys. Currently, there        frastructure.                            nome is about one-tenth the size of     European and Japanese databases.
that’s another story.                     is some turmoil because of contami-            To me, Kim repeated his editorial    its human equivalent, containing        The project began in 2003, when
    From our seven or eight hours of      nation of some Chinese honey, but          urging that all beekeepers to demand     about 300 million DNA base pairs.       the US Department of Agriculture
conversation about American bee-          Kim thinks that the Chinese will           the best in breeding stock, in resis-    Because the genome is relatively        and the National Human Genome
keeping came one powerful conclu-         clean up their act and be back.            tant queens, and then be willing to      small, genes should be easy to iden-    Research Institute donated more
sion— hobbyist beekeeping is inex-             In addition, the last 20 years have   pay more to get them. Otherwise the      tify, says bee researcher Steve Mar-    than US $7 million. This is the first
tricably tied up with the future of       seen a globalization of pests, most        breeders will produce lackluster bees    tin from the University of Sheffield,   time that the amassed sequence data
the beekeeping industry in general.       notably, tracheal and varroa mites         and compete with each other on           UK. Many of these will be similar       have been made publicly available.
    While hobbyists number 75,000         and the small hive beetle. “What           price.                                   to their human counterparts, he says.
to 100,000, fulltimers are probably       happened,” asked USDA scientist                Besides his magazine duties, Kim     The bee genome may also help us             (Adapted from Bee Culture’s Catch
fewer than 1,000. Those 1,000 (plus       Tom Rinderer rhetorically, “Air-           is also president of the Eastern Api-    understand the genetics of ageing       the Buzz.)
several thousand sideliners) produce      planes happened.” And this world-          cultural Society and president of his    and social behaviour, says Martin.
more than 90% of the honey in the         wide movement of pests and diseases        county beekeepers association.           Queen bees, for example, can live          Notes from VBA winter meeting
U.S. and do all the pollination for       is likely to continue.                         Did he have two quick pieces of      five times as long as their subordi-    will be published in the next Flight
hire.                                          The hobbyist might say, well I’m      advice for us? Yes, because of the       nates. Unpicking their genes may        Path.
    Vermont hobbyists like Rae            sorry that the big guys are threat-        wide use of anti-mite chemicals, wax     help researchers understand why.

     Honey of a show
      oney      show
                  arm how
        ermont Far Sho
    A Vermont Farm Show
      visitor on Monday
     checks out the amber
    glow of the top-prized
     honey Tuesday at the
        arre Civic Center.
      Barre Civic Center.
   Among the hundreds of
       entrants in all the
   competitons, honey and
    maple sugar products
      erevery well receiv
        ever         eceived
    werever y well received
    by visitors, especially
   those who were tempted
     by the sweet nectars.
             Photo by Michael Schaefer
Januar y 30, 2004
 anuary                                                                                                                                                               11

                                                                                     AG NEWS

Checking bulbs and other February gardening tips
By Charlie Nardozzi,                      soapy water. If quite dirty, you may      visiting your feeder for months. To        move the rotten ones. Then repack        lemon-lime soda to the water may
Chairman of the                           want to pre-wash them in a bucket         minimize the spread of disease at your     them with fresh materials and don’t      not significantly increase the flower
Board of Directors                        to keep all the dirt from clogging        feeder, disinfest the feeder monthly       over water.                              life. Using a flower preservative,
Vermont Botanical Garden,                 your drains. Then, disinfest from         with a solution of one part bleach to          Check guards around trees for        available from complete garden
and Dr. Leonard Perry,                    possible disease with a 10 percent        nine parts water, then rinse thor-         any signs of mice, vole, or rabbit       stores and florist shops, is best.
Extension Professor                       bleach solution (one part bleach with     oughly with water. Clean droppings         damage. Sometimes, with a deep               Other tips for February include
University of Vermont                     nine parts water).                        off the perching area, and make sure       snow cover, animals can reach above      rotating your houseplants periodi-
                                               Remember when you are clear-         your bird food isn’t moldy.                the guards to nibble on tree bark.       cally toward the light so they don’t
                                          ing your driveway or walks with a             The same applies to heated bird-       Pack the snow down around trees so       grow lopsided. If they are actively
    Checking seed supplies, check-        snowblower this winter to direct the      baths. Don’t just top them up, but         the guards will remain effective.        growing, with all the winter light
ing stored summer bulbs, cleaning         snow away from plants. Otherwise,         clean regularly. Each time I refill, I         If you give or receive cut flowers   reflected from the snow, don’t forget
pots, and cleaning bird feeders are       the blowing ice crystals may damage       dump leftover water out, and then          this month, follow a few tips to make    to fertilize according to label direc-
some of the garden activities for this    the tender bark of young trees and        brush off any residue and rinse.           them last longer. Re-cut the ends of     tions.
month.                                    shrubs. Or, alternatively, protect            Any gladiolus, dahlias, tuberous       roses and other cut flowers under            Toward the end of the month,
    Now is a good time to take in-        plants still above the snow with a        begonias, or other summer bulbs            water. Then place the flowers in a       start slow seeds (generally the small-
ventory of your gardening supplies        wrapping of burlap.                       you have stored in the basement            clean vase filled with warm water.
for this season’s seed starting. Check         Most don’t think of cleaning their                                                                                       est ones) such as wax-leaf begonias.
                                                                                    should be checked periodically                 Change the water two or three        Use the extra day this month dur-
quantities of potting soil, containers,   bird feeders, but you should to keep      throughout the winter. If the bulbs        times a week, re-cutting the stem
and labels. Make sure and wash any        your birds from possibly getting sick.                                                                                        ing leap year to catch up on garden
                                                                                    or tubers seem shriveled, mist them        ends each time. Contrary to some
used containers from last year with       It’s midwinter and birds have been                                                                                            reading!
                                                                                    with water. If some are rotting, re-       popular opinions, adding aspirin or

              Japan End
   USDA and Japan End BSE                                                              See ‘Leahy’
                                                                                       From Page 2
               Until February
   Discussions Until February                                                       Leahy led a coalition of senators to        At several hearings last year, Leahy    ing another $7.3 million in funds
                                                                                    push for substantial funding in-           pressed USDA Secretary Ann               related to Lake Champlain. High
       USDA Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Ser-                                                             Veneman to keep the Farm Bill’s prom-    phosphorus levels in Lake
                                                                                    creases to these programs. Leahy af-
   vices J.B. Penn, Food and Drug Administration Deputy Commis-                                                                ise to New England farmers. On the       Champlain have caused algal blooms
   sioner Lester Crawford, USDA Deputy Under Secretary for Food                     terward also led the fight to ensure
   Safety Merle Pierson, and USDA Deputy Under Secretary for Mar-                   that Vermont and other New En-             Senate floor last year, Leahy and        in the Missisquoi and St. Alban’s bays
   keting and Regulatory Programs Chuck Lambert were in Japan this                  gland states receive a fair share of the   Jeffords fought to increase Vermont’s    this past summer. Last year, Ver-
   week to meet with Japan officials and discuss lifting the ban on U.S.            conservation funding by including          share of agriculture conservation        mont signed an agreement with
   beef in Japan. An agreement was not reached in these meetings, but               a “regional equity” provision in the       funding. Today, during a Senate          Quebec to reduce phosphorus in
   discussions will resume in early February. One-third of all U.S. beef            Farm Bill that guaranteed these states     hearing, Leahy thanked Secretary         Missisquoi Bay. The funding an-
   exports, worth about $1 billion, are exported to Japan. In a press               $12 million in conservation fund-          Veneman for finally meeting this         nounced today will help meet
   briefing at the American Embassy in Tokyo, Japan, this week, Penn                                                           goal.                                    Vermont’s commitment by reduc-
                                                                                    ing each year. The EQIP and other
   said that the U.S. values this market and that the U.S. wants to work                                                           “It’s good news, and I applaud you   ing phosphorus runoff from farms.
   with the government of Japan and all aspects of the industry to find             conservation programs championed
                                                                                    by Leahy are key elements of the           for implementing the regional equity         Since 1997, more than 500
   a solution so that U.S. beef can be back in the market. A transcript of
   the briefing can be found at                       “green farm bills” that Leahy has fos-     provision I wrote in the farm bill,”     farms in Vermont have used EQIP
   0035.04.html.                                                                    tered in his leadership positions on       Leahy said at Tuesday’s hearing. “The    funds to build manure management
       Japan is requesting that all animals be tested for BSE. The U.S.             the Agriculture Committee.                 $12 million to Vermont will help         systems, install buffers along water-
   position is that testing all cattle is not scientifically necessary. The             Over the past year, Leahy, joined      protect our farm land and protect our    ways and change their farming prac-
   message from the U.S. to Japan also stressed that U.S. beef is safe. A           by Sen. Jim Jeffords, has worked with      waters.”                                 tices to reduce the amount of phos-
   poll was released recently that showed that 90 percent of U.S. con-              the Administration to fully imple-             The new funds come a week after      phorus that runs off of their land
   sumers responding to survey have confidence in U.S. beef and in the                                                         Leahy announced success in secur-        into Vermont waters.
                                                                                    ment his “regional equity” provision.
   U.S. regulatory system. The same poll showed that 97 percent of the
   responders were aware of BSE.
       In other trade news related to BSE, Poland was the first country to
   reopen its borders to U.S. beef following the finding of BSE in one
   Washington state cow in late December. An updated list of trade
   actions is posted at
                                                                                                 Fiscal Year 2004 Allowances
             Need to update your hay ad?
                                                                                        Program               Technical A ssistance
                                                                                                                        Assistance                 Financial assistance              Total
          If so, e-mail
              or fax it to (802) 828-3831                                               CRP                   $40,200                             0                                  $40,200

                                                                                        EQIP                  $1,602,200                           $5,739,200                        $7,341,400
          ** Important Reminder **
                                                                                        WRP                   $15,000                              $150,000                          $165,000
               The Winter Prohibition On
               Manure Spreading Begins                                                  FRPP                  $96,600                              $2,901,600                        $2,998,200
            Dec. 15 and Lasts Through Apr. 1
                                                                                        WHIP                  $112,000                             $460,000                          $562,000
                Exceptions are granted only in
                    cases of emergency.                                                 GRP                   $194,300                             $604,000                          $798,300
           If you have questions, please contact
                                                                                        Total                 $2,060,300                           $9,844,800                        $11,905,100
          Jim Leland at the Vermont Department
              of Agriculture at (802) 828-2431.
12                                                                                                                                           Januar y 30, 2004

                                                                                   AG NEWS

                                                                            News In Brief
                                                                                 In Brief
Agency of Natural Resources
          Natural Resour                                                          than 13% of total U.S. milk production, according to
                                                                                  NMPF’s analysis.
                                                                                                                                               vide incentive payments to farmers who employ various
                                                                                                                                               conservation practices on working lands.
       Grants     Food
Offers Grants for Food                                                                The dollar loss to America’s dairy farmers will
                                                                                  average $2.6 billion per year, resulting in a total loss
                                                                                                                                               BSE Issue Spurs
Composting Programs                                                               exceeding $23.2 billion at the end of nine years. Milk
                                                                                  production is the second-largest agricultural commod-
                                                                                                                                               Legislative Pr
                                                                                                                                               Legislative Proposal
                                                                                  ity in the U.S. (after beef ), with annual farm-level
                                                                                  sales of approximately $23 billion.
    WATERBURY, VT. – The Vermont Agency of Natural Resources is                       Kozak said NMPF’s analysis is not the only one               The House and Senate returned to work this week and
offering about $50,000 in composting grants to increase composting of             raising warning flags for America’s dairy sector. Even a     several lawmakers promptly introduced legislation to ad-
food waste and other source separated organic waste in Vermont.                   report prepared for Australia’s Department of Foreign        dress issues related to bovine spongiform encephalopathy
    Public and private agencies, municipalities, institutions, organizations      Affairs in 2001 indicated that liberalized trade with        (BSE) prevention and protection. As the congressional ses-
and businesses operating in Vermont are eligible for grants. Grants are ex-       the U.S. will increase exports by “a massive 354%,” as       sion gets underway, more debate and action is expected on
pected to range from $2,000 to $10,000, but larger amounts may be ap-             “domestic users substitute away from dairy products          issues such as food safety, trade, animal identification sys-
plied for.                                                                        sourced domestically…to the now relatively cheaper           tems, and country-of-origin labeling.
    Complete applications and supporting materials are due by 4:30 p.m.,          Australian products.”                                                   Sens. Richard Durbin (D-Ill.) and Daniel Akaka
Wednesday, March 3, 2004.                                                                    Negotiations between the U.S. and                 (D-Hawaii) introduced S. 2007 which would expand
    Grants are intended to support the start-up of compost facilities that        Australian governments will convene again in                 USDA and Food and Drug Administation (FDA)
accept large quantities of food waste, including larger onsite projects. Educa-   Washington starting Jan. 19th, when Australia will           “firewalls” designed to prevent BSE. The bill provides im-
tion projects, particularly those that cover large areas or produce products      continue pressing its case for the complete elimination      provements at various steps along the pathway from farm
that are usable statewide also may be eligible. Farm-based projects that ac-      of all U.S. dairy tariffs as part of the FTA.                to table including (1) expanded definition of specified risk
cept significant quantities of food waste are encouraged. Projects that focus         The National Milk Producers Federation,                  material; (2) improved tracking of animals; (3) increased
primarily on manure composting are not eligible.                                  headquartered in Arlington, VA, develops and carries         surveillance at the farm and slaughterhouse level; (4) feed
    Compostable waste comprises between 30 percent and 60 percent of              out policies that advance the well-being of U.S. dairy
                                                                                                                                               usage record keeping; and (5) increased laboratory capac-
materials disposed of in landfills. Such disposal removes valuable nutrients      producers and the cooperatives they collectively own.
from the food web, and organics rotting in landfills contribute to green-         The members of NMPF’s 32 cooperatives produce                ity. Companion legislation (H.R. 3714) was introduced in
house gases.                                                                      the majority of the U.S. milk supply, making NMPF            the House by Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.).
    Potential applicants should discuss ideas with grant administrator, Vicky     the voice of 60,000 dairy producers on Capitol Hill                     Sens. Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) and Patrick Leahy (D-
Viens, prior to completing an application.                                        and with government agencies. For more on NMPF’s             Vt.) introduced S. 2008, the “National Farm Animal Iden-
    Additional information and copies of the request for proposals and ac-        activities, visit our Website at               tification and Records Act” (FAIR) which would imple-
companying forms may be obtained by contacting Vicky Viens at (802)                                                                            ment an electronic Nationwide Livestock Identification
241-3448, calling the Recycling Hotline at (800) 932-7100 or sending an                                                                        System for individual animals. Their bill would (1) require
e-mail to                                                Senate Approves FY04
                                                                                         Appr                                                  USDA to be able to track an animal within 48 hours and
                                                                                                                                               (2) require states to provide information and allow them to
                                                                                           Spending Bill
                                                                                  Omnibus Spending Bill
Free trade agreement could                                                                                                                     access the system. The FAIR Act would also provide federal
                                                                                                                                               assistance to farmers to offset the costs of implementing the
cost Ag. jobs, loss in revenues                                                       This week the Senate finally approved the stalled
                                                                                  FY04 omnibus appropriations bill (H.R. 2673) after
                                                                                                                                               tracking system.
                                                                                                                                                          In the House, Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.) pro-
                                                                                  Democratic lawmakers dropped their efforts to filibus-       posed H.R. 3705 to require the testing of all cattle for BSE
    ARLINGTON, VA – More than 150,000 Americans whose liveli-                     ter the measure. The massive $820 billion bill includes
                                                                                                                                               at the time of slaughter. Rep. Diana DeGette (D-Colo.)
hoods depend on a healthy U.S. dairy sector, including thousands of               seven regular spending bills for FY04, including USDA
family dairy farmers, will lose their jobs if the U.S. government agrees to a     and agriculture program funding.                             called for action on two bills she introduced last November
Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Australia that throws open America’s                         The spending legislation was approved on a        to improve food tracking and recall powers. The TRACE
markets to Australian dairy imports.                                              65 to 28 vote. Most of the “nay” votes were cast by          Act (H.R. 3547) directs USDA to develop a system to
    According to an analysis prepared by the National Milk Producers              Democratic senators who were protesting specific riders      trace meat products from animal origin to consumer. The
Federation, the surge in Australian dairy imports into the U.S. resulting         in the bill, such as provisions to delay country-of-origin   SAFER Food Act (H.R. 3546) would grant USDA and
from the FTA would force more than one-fourth of the nation’s dairy               labeling and new labor overtime rules. Both Democrats        FDA officials access to distribution records to ensure faster,
farmers out of business. In addition, more than 10% of the 1.13 million           and Republicans have criticized the bill for funding         more effective recalls and give both agencies the authority
jobs that are generated by milk production and processing activities in the       thousands of special projects. The legislation now goes      to impose civil penalties for the violation of food safety
U.S would be lost.                                                                to the president for his signature.                          laws.
    “The threat of economic devastation to rural communities across                          In addition to the two-year delay on country-         In addition, Reps. Gary Ackerman ( D-N.Y.) and Marcy
America as a result of Australian dairy imports is real. Australia’s products     of-origin labeling, the omnibus spending bill provides       Kaptur (D-Ohio) reintroduced a bill to prevent meat from
would swamp our markets and wipe out thousands of small- and                      $95.9 million for livestock monitoring and surveillance      “downed animals” from entering the human food supply.
medium-sized family farms in the process,” said Jerry Kozak, President            and $21 million specifically for the study of bovine         The legislation is similar to the interim final rule recently
and CEO of the National Milk Producers Federation. “Beyond this direct            spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). The legislation also        announced by USDA but Ackerman’s proposal would also
devastation to our nation’s dairy farmers, tens of thousands of additional        fully funds the Conservation Security Program (CSP), a
                                                                                                                                               cover swine and sheep.
jobs in veterinary care, feed sales, dairy processing, distribution and sales     new program authorized in the 2002 farm bill to pro-
would also be lost,” Kozak said.
    “The only beneficiaries of this deal will be Australia’s dairy industry, as
well as a handful of multinational processing and retail companies that can
buy wholesale products more cheaply,” Kozak said. He said U.S. consum-                                                Subscribe to Agriview
ers will not benefit because lower milk prices will not be passed on to the
public. States where dairy farmers, processors and rural communities are                  If you would like to subscribe to Agriview, or have a friend who would like to, all
most at risk include California, Florida, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, New                 you have to do is fill out the form below and return it to us with a check for $10
York, Pennsylvania, Washington and Wisconsin.
    Kozak said U.S. milk producers support liberalizing trade on a
                                                                                          made payable to: Agriview, c/o Vermont Agency of Agriculture and send it to 116
multilateral basis through World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations                    State Street, Drawer 20, Montpelier, VT 05620-2901.
because current world dairy prices are heavily distorted by international
trading practices and subsidies.                                                          Name:
 “But a bilateral agreement that includes dairy would decimate our
domestic industry by making the U.S. market a super-magnet for                            Address:
Australia’s dairy exports. The U.S. needs to focus its energies instead on
the stalled WTO negotiations to get an agreement that would cover all
nations,” Kozak said.
    If the U.S. government agrees to an Australian FTA, smaller U.S.                      City/State/Zip:
family farms would be hardest hit, Kozak said. The American dairy
marketplace – the world’s largest – would be supplied by fewer and larger                 Telephone:
U.S. farms, and by a greatly expanded volume of imports from Australia,
which is already the world’s third-largest dairy exporter. Kozak said that
Australia would be fully capable of exporting large quantities of cheese,
butter, nonfat dry milk, and other dry dairy ingredients – which would
displace their U.S.-made equivalents. Those imports will displace more

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