Personal_ Social_ and Emotional Development

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					Personal, Social, and Emotional
        Development
           Psychology I
        Personal, Social, and Emotional
                Development
•   Physical Development:                  •   Individual (personal) Development: Erik Erikson
     – Preschool years                          – Preschool years
     – Elementary school years                      • Trust vs. Mistrust
     – Adolescence and brain development            • Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
                                                    • Initiative vs. Guilt
                                                – Elementary and Middle school years
                                                    • Industry vs. Inferiority
                                                – Adolescence
                                                    • Search for identity
                                                               Identity difussion
                                                               Identity foreclosure
                                                               Moratorium
                                                               Identity achievement
                                                – Adulthood: beyond school years
                                                    • Intimacy vs. Isolation
                                                    • Generative vs. Stagnation
                                                    • Integrity vs. Despair
          Personal, Social, and Emotional
                  Development
•   Social and Cultural Development: Bronfenbrenner
     – Bioecological model
            • Microsystem
                   Families
                          Divorce
                          Parenting styles
                          Culture and parenting
                   Peers
                          Peer cultures
                          Problems with peers
                          Peer aggression (bullies, relational aggresion, victims)
                          Social skills
                          Children with disabilities
                   Teachers
                          Academic and personal caring
                          Teachers and child abuse

            • Mesosystem
            • Exosystem
            • Macrosystem
                       Individual (personal) Development


Physical Development     Social and Cultural Development


                       Emotional and Moral Development
• What memories and feelings do you have
 about your school life? What kind of
 friendships did you establish? Did you have
 any fears? If so, what kind?
Physical Development
The Preschool Years

          • Gross-motor skills




          • Fine-motor skills:
            coordination, small
            movements
                       Adolescence
• Puberty (sexual maturation, but
  psychologically immature)

• Advantages and
  Disadvantantages (boys, girls)

• Concern about bodies (anorexia
  and bulimia)

• Brain development
  (computational skills, behavior
  control, sleep, and nutrition)
Individual (personal) Development
Erikson’s psychosocial theory emphasized the
  emergence of the self, the search for identity,
  the individual’s relationships with others, and
  the role of culture throughout life.
     The Preschool Years:
Trust, Autonomy, and Initiative

                • Trust vs. Mistrust

                • Autonomy vs. Shame
                  and doubt

                • Initiative vs. Guilt
   The Elementary and Middle School
      Years: Industry vs. Inferiority

• Preoperational 
  concrete operational
  thinking

• Trust new adults, act
  autonomously, initiate
  actions

• Industry vs. Inferiority
Adolescence: The Search for Identity
                  • Abstract thinking, understanding
                    others’ perspectives.

                  • Identity vs. Role confusion

                  • Identity statuses:
                      – Identity diffusion: “x”
                      – Identity foreclosure: “whatever
                        my father says”
                      – Identity moratorium: “i know,
                        but not now”
                      – Identity achievement: “now I
                        want this… Maybe I’ll change
                        later”
 Adulthood: Beyond the School Years

• Intimacy vs. Isolation

• Generativity vs.
  Stagnatation

• Integrativity vs. Despair
Social Development
Microsystem: Families
           • Different types of families
           • Divorce
           • Parenting styles:
              – Authoritarian parents: low
                warmth, high control
              – Authoritative parentes: High
                warmth, high control
              – Permissive parents: high
                warmth, low control
              – Rejecting / Neglecting
                parents: low warmth, low
                control
Mycrosystem: Peers
         • Peer cultures
         • Problems with peers: the
           different peer / prosocial
           behaviors.
         • Peer aggression:
             – Instrumental aggression
             – Hostile aggression
                 • Overt aggression
                 • Relational aggression
         • Bullies
         • Relational aggressions: verbal
           attacks
         • Victims: low-self esteem / highly
           emotional and hot-tempered
         • Social skills
         • Children with disabilities
Microsystem: Teachers
           • Academic and Personal
             caring

           • Teachers and Child
             Abuse

				
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