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Observation

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					Observation

        Preschool Child
Why Observe Children?
• Oldest method of conducting research.

• Most of what is known about child growth
  and development is the result of some form
  of observation.

• Data gathered from formal observation has
  been used to establish developmental
  norms.
• To decide which interpretation is most
  accurate, you need to observe the same
  child on several occasions over a period
  of time.

• Information must be non-evaluative

• Labeling should be avoided.
Narrative Form
• Simplest form

• Step One – describe behavior in detail as it
  occurs.

• Completed during the actual observation.

• Step Two – interpreting, occurs after the
  observation takes place.
Checklist

• Specific behaviors to look for while
  observing a child.

• You can quickly record the presence
  or absence of a behavior.
Rating Scales

• Used a record the degree to which a
  quality or trait is present.

• Easy to do and requires little time to
  complete.
 General Tips to Follow
• Read through the entire form before you
  begin starting.

• Observe a child in many situations.

• CONFIDENTIALITY

• Avoid talking to children or other individuals
  during the observations.
Seven Steps to an Observation

1. Determine the goal/Purpose of the
    observation.

2. Notice
    *Length of time
    *Who is involved

3. Watch the activity-Do not participate.
4. Sit in one place.

5. Record only what you observe-not
  what you feel or think.

6. Watch only one person.

7. Read through the observation before
  you start.
Descriptive & Interpretive
• Descriptive             • Interpretive
  • Objective               • Explain the
    statements                observed behavior
                              and give it meaning.
  • Describe only
    observable actions      • Need to use the
                              understanding of
  • Recorded                  growth and
    information is non-       development to
    evaluative                make the
                              interpretations.
 Descriptive or Interpretive?
1. Jose opened the door and ran outside.
      *Answer: Descriptive
2. Mark left the block building area
    because he wasn’t interested.
      *Answer: Interpretive
3.Mrs. Thomas, the teacher, called each
   child’s name.
      *Answer: Descriptive
4. When the bunny was taken out of the
   box, the children were so excited that
   they screamed.
     *Answer: Interpretive
5. The teacher aide said, “I like how
   quietly you are sitting.”
     *Descriptive
6. The volunteer asked each child to name
   one color.
     *Descriptive
7. May cried because she could not speak
   English.
     *Interpretive
8. Kris hit Jane because she was in the
   way.
     *Interpretive
9. Wendy tipped over her glass of milk.
     *Descriptive
10. Maurice put the rabbit in the cage,
    shut the door, and closed the lock.
      *Descriptive
11.Tunde walked across the room and sat next
   to Judy.
      *Descriptive
12.Sandy was confused by the teacher’s
   directions so she took another cookie.
      *Interpretive

				
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posted:1/21/2012
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