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									      Partial results of the
  implementation of the project

         ECOREG
for the pilot County – Suceava and
     opportunities for regional
              expansion
The main activities developed during
            the project
   1.   Project management
   2.   Monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness
   3.   External audit
   4.   Introductory Seminar
   5.   Communication and dissemination actions at the beginning
        of the project (roll-up banner, website)
   6.   Identification of focal points
   7.   Interactive selection of focal points
   8.   Training in industrial ecosystems & biological theories of
        organizational systems
The main activities developed during
            the project

9. Visited companies as focal points of the project
10. Dissemination of the interim results at regional level
11. Participation at international events dedicated for ETAP and industrial
symbiosis
12. Identification and characterization of entities capable of being
interconnected
13. Integrating different sustainability tools tailored for industries and local
specific
14. Technical visits to the selected relevant industries in UK
15. Networks to seek synergies with other projects / initiatives help
16. Pre-feasibility analysis of the flows that will be interconnected
           Reported period
1st of February 2009 – 30th of October 2010
                 Project Team

• Ministry of Environment and Forests (coordinating
  beneficiary)

• International Synergies Ltd. Great Britain (partner beneficiary)


• National Research Institute - Bucharest ECOIND
  Development for Industrial Ecology (partner beneficiary)


• Ecological Group for Cooperation - GEC Bucovina (partner
  beneficiary)
Implementation Area
Suceava County – pilot County
       Northeast Region
    Activity 1


Project Management
           1. Project management

• Project management is an ongoing activity that takes place at all
  stages of the project.


• It was established a Project Implementation Unit (PIU) at the focal
  area level - Suceava, with the local partner GEC Bucovina, and
  the Project Management Unit (PMU), organized within Consortium
  Coordinator - Ministry of Environment and Forests.
            1. Project Management


• Working arrangements are in communication (working meetings
  and conferences on Yahoo Messenger) to identify and resolve all
  operational issues arising during project implementation so that
  any failures are avoided. Mutual information are promptly and
  simultaneously by all partners.
   1. Project management




Management meeting – project team – Suceava, GEC
         headquarter, February 2009
   1. Project management




Management meeting – project team – Suceava, GEC
         headquarter, February 2009
  1. Project management




Project team meeting, after completing the Introductory Seminar
            Suceava, Gloria Complex, February 2009
  1. Project management




Project team meeting, after completing the Introductory Seminar
            Suceava, Gloria Complex, February 2009
  1. Project management




Project team meeting, after completing the Introductory Seminar
            Suceava, Gloria Complex, February 2009
  1. Project management




Project team meeting, after completing the Introductory Seminar
            Suceava, Gloria Complex, February 2009
              1. Project management


Two members of the project team from GEC Bucovina, with the project
Manager from the Ministry of Environment and Forests participated in
training regarding reporting requirements and implementation of the LIFE +
program ( technical and financial reports), and issues relating to visibility
requirements - Budapest, March 2009;
1. Project Management




Project Manager presenting ECOREG application -
      LIFE + Training, Budapest, March 2009
          1. Project management



In April 2009, at INCD ECOIND partner headquarter from Bucharest,
took place a team training of senior expert of the project, on
the work of "facilitator", which carries out the project; was
presented the UK experience ISL Carried out in the international
program of industrial synergies and the British Government's national
program - NISP;
         1. Project management
At GEC Bucovina headquarter, the project team organized and
established the responsibilities for each team member for the
organization of the first workshop of industrial symbiosis




         GEC Bucovina headquarter, Suceava, May 2009
            1. Project management


At the headquarter of GEC Bucovina - the project team is analyzing
the deployment of the first workshop of industrial symbiosis, the extent
participation of the invited companies, forms filled volume, the expected
volume of synergies identified for each group of participating companies;
the project team propose optimization measures of the organization of the
following industrial symbiosis workshops ;
             1. Project management




The project team analyzes the results of the first industrial symbiosis workshop ,
                     Suceava, GEC headquarter, May 2009
             1. Project management




The project team analyzes the results of the first industrial symbiosis workshop ,
                     Suceava, GEC headquarter, May 2009
             1. Project management




The project team analyzes the results of the first industrial symbiosis workshop ,
                     Suceava, GEC headquarter, May 2009
             1. Project management




The project team analyzes the results of the first industrial symbiosis workshop ,
                     Suceava, GEC headquarter, May 2009
          1. Project management

In order to provide conciliation and validation of the resulting
solutions from the synergies identified was organized a PAG (Project
Advisory Group) meeting. PAG members have been contacted
previously, they were presented the project objectives and mission of
its members in implementing PAG. Establishing formal meeting held
on 21 May 2009, at the Environmental Protection Agency
headquarters in Suceava.
           1. Project management


In   the   first   session,   each   group   member   presented
himself, then the company he represents.
Participants of the project team presented the first results from
processing the forms and the evaluation questionnaires
completed by the participating companies in the first
workshop of industrial symbiosis.
             1. Project management




Images from the inaugural meeting of the PAG - Environmental Protection Agency,
                             Suceava, May 2009
             1. Project management




Images from the inaugural meeting of the PAG - Environmental Protection Agency,
                             Suceava, May 2009
             1. Project management




Images from the inaugural meeting of the PAG - Environmental Protection Agency,
                             Suceava, May 2009
             1. Project management

Each participant reported on the localities where they were traveling, on public
institutions and companies visited, the results of steps. These meetings were
held with technical character.
Regularly   at GEC Bucovina headquarter were held workshops for team
members information on the progress of the project implementation, problems
encountered, solutions identified and the action plan for the next period.
           1. Project management

ISL partners provided the Romanian team with a consistent
set   of   examples     of   case   studies       that   show   concrete
examples      of      implementation     of        the    concept     of
industrial synergy in previous projects (NISP).


They have been studied, both to understand the philosophy
approach to project objectives and to identify concrete ways
of implementing the examples in the UK, in practical situations in the
area of implementation.
          1. Project management
Regularly (weekly, bi-monthly) are organized conferences by
connecting    all    the   team   members    on   Yahoo,    the   mutual
information regarding the progress of the activities         is achieved
and the members plan the activities to address the new steps of
implementation.
During the management meeting of the consortium held in
July 2009, at the Ministry of Environment and Forests headquarter,
the   participants    discussed   specific   aspects   of   finding   new
synergies and broaden the scope of the project and in other counties
in Northeast Region .
    Activity 4


Introductory Seminar
           4. Introductory Seminar


•   Date: 26.02.2009
•   Location: Suceava.
•   Number of participants: over 150 persons.
•   Objective: The official launch of the project, informing the
    representatives of business and public institutions on the
    project and expected results, presentation of the concept
    of industrial symbiosis, presenting British experience
    (NISP national program).
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar
4. Introductory Seminar




Materials designed and distributed to participants:
                    Invitation
4. Introductory Seminar




Materials designed and distributed to participants:
               Presentation folder
4. Introductory Seminar




        ECOREG Poster
4. Introductory Seminar




       Participation diploma
              Activity 5

Communication and dissemination actions
    at the beginning of the project
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project
The ECOREG project site          was   published    in   April   2009   at:
http://www.nisp-ecoreg.ro.

It was developed by the consortium coordinator (Ministry of
Environment            and       Forests).     The        website
includes information about the project activities, press releases
and media publicity activities, and also information on the
concept of industrial symbiosis.

An important section of the site is dedicated to successful case
studies regarding the implemented synergies resulted from the industrial
symbiosis workshops.

On partner sites are posted         information    regarding     the   main
events of the project ECOREG.
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project
By    participating   on    various events,   team  members      had
presented ECOREG application objectives, the implementation area, the
beneficiaries and expected results.

In    May     2009,    the  team    members      from    GEC    Bucovina
attended the International Symposium “Clean Water, Healthy People ",
organized by the Center for Ecological Consulting Manchester, with the
participation of European Environmental Bureau, based in Brussels.
GEC Bucovina and ECA Galati are members of the European
Environmental Bureau.

With this occasion GEC Bucovina presented the ECOREG project, the
objectives,      the     result      and       the     sponsors.
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




   The project team from GEC Bucovina viewing the ECOREG project website
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




      The project presentation from the International Symposium
           “Clean Water, Healthy People , Galaţi, May 2009
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project
   The meeting with the Great Britain Ambassador – Mr. Robin
                                Barnett
The Great Britain Ambassador in Romania made a working visit in
Suceava County, on which occasion he met with the ECOREG project
team.
They presented the objectives, the implementation team, expected
results, the implementation stage.
The event was hosted by the Environmental Protection Agency
Suceava.
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project
At the end of the meeting, Robin Barnett ambassador declared:
“The ECOREG project is a great example of the public and the private
environment cooperation, involving the nongovernmental organizations.
The project represents an opportunity in the actual economic context,
specially for small companies. It's an example of which must be done to
reach a sustainable economic development ”
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
5. Communication and dissemination
actions at the beginning of the project




     The meeting with the UK Ambassador in Romania Mr. Robin Barnett
          (May 2009, Environmental Protection Agency Suceava.)
        Activity 6

Identification of focal points
        6. Identification of focal points


In     order    to     identify    possible     focal      points    there     were
conceived and submitted letters of presentation of the principles
of industrial symbiosis.
They    were    sent   by   mail    or   in   person      by   the   project   team
members, during their travel in the county for sending questionnaires for the
identification and selection of potential focal points.
Below there are images from April 2009 when the project team
members visited potential focal points in Suceava: SC FACOS SA, ACET, SC
MONDECO SRL, SC TERMICA SA, to present the project (financing, objectives,
results) and co-opting representants of these companies in the PAG.
       6. Identification of focal points



The activity of identifing potential focal points continued in the coming
months,     increasing    the    activity   area   and    the    number
of organizations involved in the project.


The project started with the approach of Suceava County, proposing
to carry out its expansion in North-Eastern Region, respectively
Botosani, Iasi, Neamt, Bacau, Vaslui.
6. Identification of focal points




           SC FACOS SA visit, Suceava
6. Identification of focal points




      The conference room from SC ACET SA, Suceava
6. Identification of focal points




   The meeting with the experts from SCMONDECO SRL, Suceava
6. Identification of focal points




         The SC TERMICA SA visit, Suceava
6. Identification of focal points




  The ECOREG team visitin the Sauwdust power plant from Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




  The ECOREG team visitin the Sauwdust power plant from Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




    The ECOREG team visitin the Power Plant from Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




 ECOREG team at the headquarter of Dorna EcoHouse from Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




   The Dorna EcoHouse principal presenting the Eco Passive concept
6. Identification of focal points




    ECOREG team was received by the Mayor of Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




               Paul Knuckle (ISL partner, UK)
    receiving the medal with the emblem of Vatra Dornei
6. Identification of focal points




The ECOREG team with the environment responsible from Termica SA,
                   In the waste dumps area.
6. Identification of focal points




  The ECOREG team at the ecological incinerator MONDECO
          6. Identification of focal points


ECOREG team at MONDECO
During the visits were discussed concrete
   aspects     with   the   economic       agents
   regarding industrial symbiosis.
Were   discussed      specific   issues       on
   identified synergies in the workshops,
   working on their progress and possible
   new industrial synergies (eg, providing
   heat   to    the   complex     Iulius    Mall,
   located in the neighborhood or the fruit
   and vegetable greenhouses located in
   the Suceava River floodplain)
6. Identification of focal points




In the picture GEC team discussing with SC Termica SA, at its headquarter
6. Identification of focal points




In the picture GEC team discussing with SC Termica SA, at its headquarter
    6. Identification of focal points




              Image from Symmetrica Vereşti headquarter,
ECOREG team members the representants of Symmetrica Vereşti and Termica SA
    6. Identification of focal points




              Image from Symmetrica Vereşti headquarter,
ECOREG team members the representants of Symmetrica Vereşti and Termica SA
         6. Identification of focal points




GEC team visiting the “Galina Rosso” farm, discussing the synergies identified at Dorohoi workshop
         6. Identification of focal points




GEC team visiting the “Galina Rosso” farm, discussing the synergies identified at Dorohoi workshop
         6. Identification of focal points




GEC team visiting the “Galina Rosso” farm, discussing the synergies identified at Dorohoi workshop
6. Identification of focal points




     GEC team with the representants of Adonis Farm
6. Identification of focal points




             SC Ritmic SRL
6. Identification of focal points




          The Treatment Plant Rădăuţi
6. Identification of focal points




           GEC team at Adonis Farm
6. Identification of focal points




          GEC team at Radio Tel Rădăuţi
6. Identification of focal points




          GEC team at Radio Tel Rădăuţi
6. Identification of focal points




            Radio Tel Rădăuţi
6. Identification of focal points




            Radio Tel Rădăuţi
6. Identification of focal points




            SC Rom Carpat SRL
6. Identification of focal points




            SC Tauzend Mark SRL
6. Identification of focal points




             SC Evalex SRL
6. Identification of focal points




           ECOREG team at EGGER
6. Identification of focal points




   Images from the Vama and Câmpulung area companies meeting
6. Identification of focal points




   Images from the Vama and Câmpulung area companies meeting
         6. Identification of focal points




ECOREG team discussing possible synergies resulting from the closure of the tailings dump Călimani
6. Identification of focal points




          Operation of sulfur Călimani
6. Identification of focal points




         ECOREG team at Rădăuţi City Hall
          Activitatea 7

Interactive selection of focal points
7. Interactive selection of focal points

This activity is an ongoing process that began in 2009 and
continues until project completion in 2011, in order to select
the participating units in the project and to identify optimal connections
between companies, so the effects of the applying principles of the
ECOREG       project   will   be   as   visible   and   attracted   to   the
project beneficial for organizations.
7. Interactive selection of focal points
For      this       activity      were      carried   out     visits     to
administrative and economic institutions in Suceava county, to identify
resources that can be harnessed through synergies and their advisers on the
principles of industrial symbiosis.


It was made a detailed analysis of available data, regarding the demand /
supply of resources.


Were held discussions and meetings with GAP members, managers of some
top companies in the area where they operate, in order to supervise the
proposed use of the synergies identified.
          Activitatea 8

Training in industrial ecosystems &
 biological theories of organizational
               systems
    8.Training in industrial ecosystems &
biological theories of organizational systems

The main workshops of the project were:

        •   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop - Suceava
        •   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop– Vatra Dornei.
        •   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop– Rădăuţi
        •   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop– Dorohoi
        •   Mini-workshop Termica – Suceava
        • Regional seminar to disseminate the partial
          results - Bacau, November 2010
   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
            Suceava, 2009
• Date: 20.05.2009;
• Location: Suceava;
• Number of participants : 41 economic agents from
  Suceava and 2 from Neamţ County, divided in 5 groups,
  which one guided by a “facilitator”;
• Results: there were 181 available resources
  (waste wood, plastic, paper, textiles, leather goods,
  building materials, waste water, packaging, logistics,
  consulting services, storage facilities) and 91 were
  identified synergies.
     Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
              Suceava, 2009
    (The workshop from Suceava was the first of its kind held in the Project ECOREG -
     Applying the principles of industrial ecosystems in regional development ", funded
    by the European Union LIFE +.)
•   the beginning of the event: the workshop started with a brief presentation of
    the abstract concept of industrial symbiosis, specific examples of resources
    / needs and specific instructions for carrying out work in the actual
    workshop
•   informative-consultative session : presentations covered the first part of
    the event, commented on powerpoint presentations.
•   Working session: the workshop was actually focused on identifying and
    promoting      synergies,     as      the     innovative,    environmentally
    friendly, socially beneficial          impact, reducing the economic
    crisis, were prepared examples of synergy, records with possible
    resources that can exploit.
•   conclusins: open discussions, proposals, suggestions, socialactivities.
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009




            Images from Suceava workshop, May 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009




            Images from Suceava workshop, May 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009




            Images from Suceava workshop, May 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009




            Images from Suceava workshop, May 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009




            Images from Suceava workshop, May 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009

                                   Fisa “OFERTA”
      Ofer resursa / serviciul / expertiza                                                       Sunt interesat de resursa / serviciul /
                                                                                                               expertiza
      Cod
                Nume Organizatie            S.C. “ABC”                                                                 Nume
                                                                                                 Organizatie (Cod)               Cantitate
      Nume Delegat                                                                                                    delegat

                       Popescu Ion – 0721 23 45 67                                              PaletMod             Marin      800buc
      Resursa disponibila
          Paleti lemn (dimensiuni EU). Necesita
                                                                                                Patrauti
                      reconditionare                                                            Ambalajul-           Vicol      800buc
      Disponibil anual (precizati: tone, m3, Gcal. kWh, ha, m2, etc)                            Suceava
                                     800 buc/an
      Locatie

                                            Patrauti
                       Bifati lunile din an cand resursa oferita este disponibila
                                                                                            D
      I
                                                                                            D
      I
                                                                                            e
      a
          Feb    Mar         Apr      Mai     Iun      Iul     Aug     Sep      Oct   Nov   c
      n
                                                                                            e
      a
                                                                                            c
      n
                                                                                            .




      Coloana stanga se completeaza cu o singura resursa.
      Fisa circula pe la toti participantii.
      Cel interesat isi completeaza datele in tabel (v. si verso)

                                                             Example of have form
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop, Suceava, 2009


                                   Fisa “CERERE”
      Solicit resursa / serviciul / expertiza                                                    Pot oferi resursa / serviciul / expertiza
                                                                                                                       Nume
      Cod       Nume Organizatie S.C.                “ABC”                                       Organizatie (Cod)
                                                                                                                      delegat
                                                                                                                                  Cantitate

      Nume Delegat
                                                                                                Energy                 Ion        2400
                       Popescu Ion – 0721 23 45 67
      Resursa solicitata
                                                                                                                                 Gcal/an
                                                                                                CalorImpex           Stan        1200
                                   Energie termica
                                                                                                                                 Gcal/an
      Necesar anual (precizati: tone, m3, Gcal. kWh, ha, m2, etc.)

          1500 Gcal/an apa la min 90oC sau abur
                        max 3 bar
      Locatie

                                            Patrauti
                       Bifati lunile din an cand resursa oferita este disponibila
                                                                                            D
      I
                                                                                            e
      a   Feb    Mar         Apr      Mai     Iun      Iul     Aug     Sep      Oct   Nov
                                                                                            c
      n
                                                                                            .




      Coloana stanga se completeaza cu o singura resursa.
      Fisa circula pe la toti participantii.
      Cel interesat isi completeaza datele in tabel (v. si verso)


                                                                     Example of want form
           Atelierul de lucru
     Vatra Dornei, decembrie 2009
• Date: 16.12.2009
• Location: Vatra Dornei
• Number of participants:42 economic and social agents in
  Suceava County
• Results : there were 123 available resources (waste
  wood, plastic, paper, textiles, leather goods, building
  materials, water waste, packaging, logistics) and 32
  were identified synergies.
     Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
           Vatra Dornei, 2009
•   At the beginning of the event, short speeches were given by public
    authorities who also sent their greetings to the event participants and
    organizers.The greetings were sent from Vatra Dornei city hall (Sutodoc
    Nicolai).

•   In the first part of the event, informative session – advisory, were presented:
    Ecoreg project team for implementation of the EU Life + Programme,
    objectives and expected results. Also, detailed concepts of the industrial
    symbiosis and NISP Programme of the UK.

•    The presentations covered the first part of the event, commented on the
    powerpoint presentations     (in attractive formats, exciting) and were
    supported by: Iulia Degeratu project manager (Environment and forest
    Ministry), Beatrice Ştefănescu (GEC Bucovina), Paul Knuckles (ISL UK),
    Lucian Constantin (INCD ECOIND Bucureşti).
     Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
           Vatra Dornei, 2009
•   In the second part, working session, of the workshop was actually focused
    on identifying and promoting synergies, innovative solutions,
    environmentally friendly, socially beneficial impact that minimizes the
    economic crisis through which the Romanian economy in general and
    regional (north eastern Romania), in particular.

•   Participants were given lists of supply and demand RESOURCES for
    filling.They were assisted by trained facilitators: Mihai Ştefănescu (INCD
    ECOIND Bucharest), Lucian Constantin (INCD ECOIND Bucharest), Ionuţ
    Muşetoiu (Environment and Forest Ministry), Loreta Cauteş (GEC),
    Constantin Filote (GEC).

•   Participants were ensured during the whole work, coffee, selection of teas,
    mineral water, juices.
  Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
     Vatra Dornei, 2009 objectives

Promoting new approaches to waive the traditional
 way    of   seeing    waste       as   useless   material,
 disturbing, making them participants in the design
 of the workshop - "resources. "
  Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
     Vatra Dornei, 2009 objectives
Promoting the concept of industrial symbiosis, which
 means not only the recovery of waste, but all
 resources,      materials,     management,        excess
 production   capacity    or   storage    of   equipment,
 logistics specialists, specialized expertise in any field,
 etc..
  Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
     Vatra Dornei, 2009 objectives

Identification through civilized dialogue and common work
   in teams, by all participants in the event, of the new
   solutions, some innovative, based on the experience of
   the project team ECOREG experts, representatives of
   public institutions responsible for environmental
   protection.
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
         Vatra Dornei, 2009




      Images fromVatra Dornei workshop, December 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
         Vatra Dornei, 2009




      Images fromVatra Dornei workshop, December 2009
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop from
         Vatra Dornei, 2009




      Images fromVatra Dornei workshop, December 2009
  ECOREG poster,
Vatra Dornei Workshop
       Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
                Rădăuţi, 2010

• Date: 9.06.2010
• Location: Rădăuţi
• Number of participants: 71 economic and social agents in
  Suceava County
• Results: there were 158 available resources (waste wood,
  plastic, paper, textiles, leather goods, building materials,
  waste water, packaging, logistics, consulting services,
  storage facilities) and 69 were identified synergies.
    Industrial Symbiosis Workshop Agenda
                 Rădăuţi, 2010
•   The manifestation in Radauti was the third of its kind, organized within the
    "ECOREG- Application of industrial ecosystems in regional development, founded by
    the European Union’s LIFE +.

•   At the beginning of the event, short speeches were given by public authorities who
    also sent their greetings to the event participants and organizers. The greetings were
    sent to: the City Hall Radauti (Andrei Martinescu, Mayor counselor Radauti) ,
    Suceava Environmental Protection Agency (Iluţă Cocriş, interim executive director)
    and Employers private SMEs, Branch Suceava (Michael Deliu, Chairman).

•   In the first part of the event were presented: Ecoreg project team for implementation
    of the EU Life + Programme, objectives and expected results. Also, detailed concepts
    of the industrial symbiosis and NISP Programme of the UK.

•   In the second session of the workshop was actually focused on identifying and
    promoting synergies, innovative solutions, environmentally friendly, socially beneficial
    impact that minimizes the economic crisis through which the Romanian economy in
    general and regional (north eastern Romania), in particular.
     Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
              Rădăuţi, 2010
•   Participants were given lists of supply and demand RESOURCES identified
    by the project team from the workshops of Suceava (May 2009) and Vatra
    Dornei (December 2009).

•   Also, participants were provided lists of possible use of resources, grouped
    by category.

•   At the end of this working session, all participants were served lunch, during
    which they continued socializing, establishing contacts and discussions.

•   The hall had the necessary facilities for audio-video equipment, projection
    screen
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
         Rădăuţi, 2010




    Images from Rădăuţi workshop, June 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
         Rădăuţi, 2010




    Images from Rădăuţi workshop, June 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
         Rădăuţi, 2010




    Images from Rădăuţi workshop, June 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
         Rădăuţi, 2010




    Images from Rădăuţi workshop, June 2010
ECOREG posters EN and RO versions
   Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
           Dorohoi, 2010
• Date: 6 July 2010.
• Locaţion: Dorohoi, Botoşani County.
• Number       of     participants:   84      economic
  and social agents in Suceava County
• Results: there were 158 available resources
  (waste wood, plastic, paper, textiles, leather goods,
  building materials, waste water, packaging, logistics,
  consulting services, storage facilities) and 69 were
  identified synergies.
     Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
             Dorohoi, 2010
•   The manifestation in Dorohoi was the fourth of its kind, organized within the "Ecoreg -
    Application of industrial ecosystems in regional development, founded by the
    European Union’s LIFE +.
•   At the beginning of the event, short speeches were given by public authorities who
    also sent their greetings to the event participants and organizers. The greetings were
    sent to: Suceava Environmental Protection Agency (Iluţă Cocriş, interim executive
    director) , Botosani Environmental Protection Agency (Mateciuc Eugen , deputy
    chief).
•   The presentations covered the first part of the event, commented on the powerpoint
    presentations (in attractive formats, exciting) and were supported by: Iulia Degeratu
    (project manager, Ministry of Environment and Forests), Beatrice Stefanescu (GEC
    Bucovina), James Woodcock (ISL UK), Lucian Constantin (Bucharest ECOIND).
•   In the second part, working session, of the workshop was actually focused on
    identifying and promoting synergies, innovative solutions, environmentally friendly,
    socially beneficial impact that minimizes the economic crisis through which the
    Romanian economy in general and regional (north eastern Romania), in particular.
 Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
         Dorohoi, 2010
Participants were given lists of supply and demand of resources
identified by the project team from Suceava Workshops (May 2009), Vatra
Dornei (December 2009) and Radauti (June 2010).

Participants were provided lists of possible uses of resources, grouped by
category (to facilitate the process of designing cards with "demand" and
"supply" of participating companies.

Information about the resources of any kind (including waste),
or   surplus,    whether  they   search,   represented    the  starting
point in identifying new business opportunities throughout the Dorohoi
Workshop, July 2010.

Participants   were     assisted    by     experts     from   the  project
team to identify any resources that surplus (supply, output) leaving
the company / institution and / or entail excessive cost or in many cases
create problems for storage, transport ,neutralization etc
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
        Dorohoi, 2010




      Images from Dorohoi workshop, July 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
        Dorohoi, 2010




      Images from Dorohoi workshop, July 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
        Dorohoi, 2010




      Images from Dorohoi workshop, July 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Workshop
        Dorohoi, 2010




      Images from Dorohoi workshop, July 2010
ECOREG poster, Dorohoi workshop,
          July 2010
                 Mini-Workshop
                 Suceava, 2010
• Date 7.07.2010.
• Location: Suceava City Hall.
• Număr participanţi: 30 persons (employees from SC
  Termica SA, ACET SA, representatives of construction
  companies and material transport, sanitation employees in
  companies,     public    officials in   the   municipality
  of Suceava, the project team).
• Objetives: organizing a formal framework to discuss the
  progress on the issue of synergies from the waste dumps
  Termica SA and newly identified synergies
                   MiniW-orkshop
                   Suceava, 2010
•   The manifestation from Suceava was the fifth of its kind, organized within
    the "Ecoreg - Application of industrial ecosystems in regional
    development, funded by the European Union LIFE +.

•   This event was a "mini-workshop" and assumed the participation of a
    limited number of guests, and discuss achieving synergies identified on a
    smaller field of activity.

•   Basically, the main objective of the workshop was to mobilize better the
    firms in Suceava and the surrounding area, covering the construction
    activity (default pickling works, demolition, etc.), to transport and store
    waste liabilities arising from these activities, the deposits of slag and
    tailings from TERMICA SA in case of closure, with the 2011 period. At
    TERMICA SA the sole shareholder is Suceava CityHall.
                         Mini-Workshop
                         Suceava, 2010
•   The possibility that TERMICA SA to achieve its target of closing time
    deposit liabilities using waste from demolition, was identified by the
    Ecoreg project team in spring 2009, soon after launching the Ecoreg
    project (February 2009, Suceava). From that moment, the project team
    followed the progress of identified synergies, the practical way they have
    developed and evolved.

•   The purpose of organizing the workshop was to provide the framework
    within which participants can discuss and evaluate, together with team
    members, the fastest solutions, efficient and inexpensive to the problem
    faced by TERMICA and, meantime, construction firms, performing
    etching of asphalt, demolition, etc. - and do not have a solution for
    storage of material derived from this work.
              Mini-Workshop
              Suceava, 2010
• In this mini-workshop, ECOREG team put in contact
  the construction companies and Termica SA, with
  the purpose to use the construction materials be
  to close the Termica cells by 2011.
Mini-Workshop Suceava, 2010




    Images of Suceava Mini-workshop, July 2010
Mini-Workshop Suceava, 2010




    Images of Suceava Mini-workshop, July 2010
Mini-Workshop Suceava, 2010




    Images of Suceava Mini-workshop, July 2010
Mini-Workshop Suceava, 2010




    Images of Suceava Mini-workshop, July 2010
              Activity 9

Visited companies as focal points of the
                project
9. Visited companies as focal points of
              the project

  This activity is foreseen in the project implementation since the
  second half of 2009 and aims to monitoring progress in
  implementing the synergies identified in the workshops of industrial
  symbiosis.



  It is an ongoing activity that continues after the first identification
  of synergies, with Form and resources (request /offer) processing.
           Activity 11

Participation at international events
 dedicated for ETAP and industrial
              symbiosis
          11. Participation at international
          events dedicated for ETAP and
                industrial symbiosis

     It       envisages   the   participation    of    team      members
with presentations and communications, actions of disseminate of
the interim results in international events and other events with wide
visibility.


     It is an ongoing activity that requires both elements of interactivity
with other professionals / programs / projects and communication of
project results.
              Activitatea 12

Identification and characterization of entities
        capable of being interconnected
12. Identification and characterization of
entities capable of being interconnected


       Activity field                                        Companies
                                                             number
       Timber industry                                       37
       Heat production                                       5
       Auto service, industrial equipment                    12
       Electronics, retail                                   14
       Hazardous waste treatment and waste oil processing    3
       Beverages                                             12
       Mining industry                                       11
       Construction materials                                14
       Infrastructure works                                  2
       Food industry                                         18
       Waste collection and landfilling                      7
       Pulp and paper industry                               1
       Tanneries and textiles                                8
       Sanitation                                            8
       Local administration                                  34
       Hospitals                                             7
       Education units (schools, universities)               12
       Transport                                             4
       Cosmetics                                             1

               Companies involved in synergies distribution fields
12. Identification and characterization of
entities capable of being interconnected




    Graph of the distribution fields of companies involved in synergies
12. Identification and characterization of
entities capable of being interconnected


   Among the potential synergies identified through Industrial
Symbiosis Workshops, only certain processes / streams / wastes could
be selected through a detailed analysis later in order to
characterize and improve.

    Partnerships already concluded or which will be established based
on symbiotic criteria will improve the effectiveness of each partner by the
detection of waste markets, its principal or secondary products.

    ECOREG project encourages businesses to look beyond traditional
markets for business opportunities, punctuate the economic benefits of
this approach in order to stimulate economic development with
environmental compliance, by reconsidering the "waste“ as "resource".
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS
Establishing synergies is not the simple identification of the potential
collaboration between two companies.
This implies a lot of work: the managers of both companies involved
in synergy identified must be visited and convinced with pencil on
paper, that it is beneficial synergy, in a period of economic
contraction.

(Managers have other emergencies (unpaid salaries, debts, unable
to attend the auctions because debt contracts outstanding, and
unpaid work or deliveries, redundancy talks with unions - where,
etc..).

There are companies where the manager is also the accounting and
driver and a lawyer and technologist, and all commodities and this is
because he can not afford to pay specialists.
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS


Synergies contribution at improving the economic situation of
the companies must be significant and explained to the
managers in detail, with intelligent arguments.

(No manager will be concerned with the implementation of
synergies, because in this way he will not pollute the environment or
will reduce their consumption. With the environment pollution and
the uneconomic consumed resources, managers could manage
somehow until now.
The manager must be convinced of the profit that he could get from
a synergy.)
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS

Project is not limited to simple synergies, obvious, such as
sawdust valorification or superior capitalization of construction
debris landfill.

(ECOREG team experts have expertise and have already provided
solutions for superior recovery of waste and secondary resources
(for ex., for the lamps burned for electrical equipment collected from
plants for waste food and drinks which can be used in biogas For
agricultural recovery or ash as additives for cement and concrete
recipes or materials during cold chains, etc.).
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS

Identifying and designing complex synergies is requiring
multiple materials tests, and waste characterization.

(Are harmful, can be transported on public roads, what precautions
must be taken, should be packaged as such could be neutralized,
who could legally make such operations, the operators are trained
and authorized to do so?
The process requires testing of technologies (at ECOIND INCD),
wastewater flows are necessary analysis, balance sheets,
developing solutions).
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS
Regarding the resources that could be the object of a synergy,
frequent offers in pilot county - Suceava are: wood and wood
waste.
Their sustainable use is not in combustion, even if they are
renewable fuels, but in the recovery by generating added value.

(For example, using waste wood for particle board or other
purposes was identified at Egger Company from Radauti and
Romanel Company from Vatra Dornei; unfortunately, these
companies do not take timber products besides from forests
managed sustainably (this is the firms policy, very healthy and
for long term).
 CONCLUSIONS AND COMMENTS

Most wood waste manufacturers from the pilot county don`t have
certificates supporting that the wood comes from forests managed
sustainably, so their waste rot on the roadsides or, at best, are
burned in the center.

There were organized awareness raising for wood waste producers,
so they know what can be done and so the waste they provided can
become interesting for intensive companies like those mentioned).

Experts have already prepared materials about the formalities that a
wood waste producer would have to meet to certify the origin of the
timber as the formalities which forest owners must comply.
        PILOT ACTIONS PROPOSED


         Identified need                          Solution
The       Industrial    Synergies      Organizing a National Virtual
Workshops participants have            Centre for Industrial Synergies
called for a point of information,     (to    promote    the    project
where to find the data already         ECOREG interim results and
communicated to other partners         finding new synergies.)
and learn about the other
partners offer and if their offer is
interesting for other companies.
        PILOT ACTIONS PROPOSED
         Identified need                           Solution
Access to all companies and           Promoting         the     following
institutions interested in using a    categories of information:
common website to promote             -Contact      of    companies      /
knowledge and offers / demand         institutions (which have signed
for resources and / or industrial     an agreement to accept the
synergies      in    progress     /   post)
completed.                            - offer or request for resources
                                      -the      results    of    contacts
                                      (synergies in progress or
                                      completed)
                                      - Case studies.
                                      Organizing a virtual forum for the
                                      request and the need for
                                      reusable       resources         in
                                      companies and institutions
       PILOT ACTIONS PROPOSED
        Identified need                     Solution
Media coverage of interim and Editarea de “noutăţi” în cadrul
final results of the ECOREG Editing the "news" in the Virtual
project.                      Centre for Industrial Synergies,
                              as an electronic publication type
                              newsletter dedicated to the
                              promotion of the project results
                              with    information    such     as
                              technological            solutions,
                              examples of good practice, case
                              studies, events.
       PILOT ACTIONS PROPOSED
        Identified need                        Solution
Stimulating with support actions   Facilitating    the     experience
and exchange performance           exchange between companies,
management      in   terms    of   institutions, participation at the
industrial application of the      events organized within the
concept of synergy.                project or by other organizations


                                   Promote    models     of  good
                                   practice identified by applying
                                   the principles of industrial
                                   synergies.
       PILOT ACTIONS PROPOSED

        Identified need                        Solution
Facilitation of the meetings        Organization    of   workshops
between       academics       and   devoted to areas of activity,
corporate sectors of activity and   involving universities profile,
innovative areas of interest.       development-research institutes
                                    and interested companies.


                                    Organizing national and regional
                                    events    dedicated    to    the
                                    promotion of the industrial
                                    synergies concept.
                         SWOT ANALYSIS
         (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
                for ECOREG project implementation
           in the northeast development area of Romania



Strengths:

• the existence of well-trained human resources, relatively young and
  with possibilities to quickly adapt to European requirements;

• the existence of three universities that have as basic concerns in
  addition to education, scientific research, invention and
  technological innovation;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania


Strengths:

• The existence of Agriculture Research Station (in the areas of: fruit
  growing, viticulture, fishing, sheep, crops and forestry, and the Bank
  of Genetic Resources of Suceava (unique in South East Europe) -
  the expertise of specialists and researchers provide high value
  professional, scientific recognition;

• The existence of basic infrastructure for research, development,
  innovation and transfer technology (in the NE Region are activating
  79 operating units, about 12% of the national total);
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania


Strengths:

• the existence of potential development fields, including innovation,
  such as food industry, construction machinery and equipment, light
  industry (knitwear, garments, footwear), organic agriculture industry,
  IT sector renewable energy, tourism, crafts;

• the existence of fixed and mobile telecommunications infrastructure
  and a well developed high coverage;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania


Strengths:

• The area location on E85 European route which runs through the
  region of north-south segment of the Pan-European Corridor IX
  (highway Sofia - Chernivtsi) and its intersection with the linking of
  Moldova and Transylvania;

• The existence of the bus railway providing passenger and freight
  traffic through Moldova, Transylvania, Republic of Moldova and
  Ukraine;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania


Strengths:

• The existence of the three international airports (Bacau, Iasi and
  Suceava, serving and Botosani), requirements for air cargo and
  passenger transport, customs services on demand;

• The Suceava Bazaar existence, a big shopping center in the area
  (draws a huge number of small merchants, including Republic of
  Moldova and Ukraine);
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania


Strengths:

• natural resources (fertile land, meadows, metal ores and non-metal,
  hardwood and softwood forests, mineral springs (over 100 sources
  in 30 localities), thermal springs, clay, sand and quartz sand, ballast,
  etc..)

• historical monuments and medieval art, including some owned by
  the UNESCO - are major tourist attractions;

• natural reserves and landscapes of great beauty;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Strengths:
• fertile land, natural lakes, rivers and streams (attractive crop,
   livestock, fish, fruit, viticulture - is a tradition in these areas);

• spaces available for business development (administrative offices,
  warehouses, halls resulting from privatization and restructuring (eg.,
  mining);

• operation (in Piatra Neamt) of the ADR NE (implementation and
  funding of regional and local development programs);
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Weaknesses:

• agricultural land degradation: water        erosion,   wind   erosion,
  landslides, soil chemical pollution;

• inefficient agriculture and excessively fragmented agricultural area;

• insufficient funding from public and private investment;

• low level of investments in modernization and new technologies,
  especially for passenger public transport and freight infrastructure;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Weaknesses:

• insufficient collaboration between research centers / universities and
  businesses to use research results and technology transfer to
  achieve the economic environment;

• the acute crisis of employment (without immediate prospects of
  resolution);

• an important segment of the population affected by poverty and
  social exclusion;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Weaknesses:

• small number of investors, avoiding this area due to the distance
  from the capital and poor infrastructure;

• sewerage systems and water supply in cities are outdated or
  nonexistent in most rural settlements;

• lack of cultural activities in most communities, with effects on youth
  training;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania
Weaknesses:

• uncontrolled deforestation, reaching the negative critical limit in
  environmental impacts;

• poor management of waste;

• absence of an organized network of agricultural market, farmers are
  forced to sell their own products or sell to "middlemen" at very low
  prices, leading to a very large gap between the prices of raw
  agricultural products sold by farmers to processors and price
  leather;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Weaknesses:

• the vulnerability of local communities exposed to floods, manifested
  by the weak capacity to absorb the effects of the phenomenon of
  recovering after its passage;

• insufficient access to grants available to companies through
  regional, sectoral and European programs

• the foreign investment reducing in North East Region;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Weaknesses:

• low level of entrepreneurial and innovative culture at the level of
  SMEs;

• the gap between the North-East and other developing regions (per
  capita gross domestic product is only 68.39% of the national level);

• insufficient exchange of experience, information and collaboration
  within the business environment at regional level;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:
• Romania is a member of the European Union, bringing new sources
  of investment, including Structural and Cohesion Funds, foreign
  direct investment, etc..

• Romania adopted the legislation and environmental standards in
  line with the communitarian acquis;

• market liberalization and modernization of business models;

• infrastructure development business e-commerce / e-government;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• growing of innovation importance in European policies, regional and
  local

• availability of resources and local conditions: skilled labor, natural
  resources, historical and cultural monuments, folk traditions;

• rehabilitation and development of the regional tourism through
  public and private investment;

• opportunities for financing investment projects by national and
  European funds, regional and structural
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• raising the awareness of the business role in economic
  development districts and regions;

• the possibility business environment development as a result in the
  construction of industrial parks and business incubators science;

• SME sector dynamics growth;

• development of electronic commerce and e-business market;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• possibility of developing regional trade due to location on the
  longest land border of the European Union,

• increasing number of the implemented projects in North - East,

• existence of PAG to identify innovative projects in regional business
  environment, encouraging the development of growth poles.
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• the existence of a national development strategy which includes
  conclusions and recommendations of the European sustainable
  development strategies (Lisbon and Gothenburg) and of the 6th
  Environment Action Programme, to ensure the conservation,
  protection and improving the environment and human health
  protection the sustainable use of natural resources;

• granting of transitional periods to comply with relevant directives in
  the water sector, by 2015, respectively2018;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• improving infrastructure, waste        management   and   efficient
  management of their development;

• support the programs co-financed by the European Union - ISPA
  PHARE and MUDP;

• development and organic farming;

• motivational prices for organic products;

• encouraging sustainable water use;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania
Opportunities:

• ensuring sustainable use of natural habitats, wild flora and fauna, as
  well as reconstruction of damaged systems, providing financial
  support for Natura 2000 sites;

• information campaigns on protected areas and their importance;

• information / awareness of local communities regarding the access
  funding opportunities for sustainable development (eg the
  Environment Fund Administration program to protect water
  resources, integrated water supply, treatment, sewage and
  treatment, released October 5, 2010 );
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Opportunities:

• promoting measures and actions for prevention, preparedness,
  protection and response to natural hazards - floods, droughts,
  landslides and earthquakes, in order to limit and eliminate the
  effects they produce on people and property of any kind;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:

• agricultural land and forest      degradation,   lack   of     technical
  development project basis;

• lack of programs to play in fallow land and degraded forest;

• reduced willingness of companies to achieve the expenditure in
  purchasing new technologies, mainly due to financial implications;

• reduced competitiveness for firms in the region on the European
  market;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:

• migration of skilled and specialized labor from the North East region
  of Romania to other regions and countries;

• increasing the number of people who work in subsistence
  agriculture, the lack of conversion of redundant programs or
  employment of young people in productive activities or services;
• nonexistent structures that integrate regional innovation systems;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:
• lack of coherence and coordination between different sectoral and
  regional policies with economic development implications;

• increasing volumes of imported products on the Romanian market;

• low level of Romanian exports;

• crease in piracy and economic crime in general;

• weak involvement of regional and central government in solving the
  problems of local communities;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:

• increasing   development     disparities   between    Romania's
  development regions;


• unbalanced development between East country and other
  developing regions, chronic underdevelopment concentrated in the
  North East, there were significant intraregional disparities;


• higher exposure to North Eastern Development Region competition
  on global markets;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:



• socio-economic decline of many large urban centers and reduce
  their role in the development of adjacent areas;


• floods in recent years have highlighted both the weaknesses of the
  techniques used for flood protection and response capacity for the
  management of the phenomenon;
                    SWOT ANALYSIS
    (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)
            for ECOREG project implementation
      in the northeast development area of Romania

Threats:



• pronounced depopulation, demographic phenomena with negative
  impact on socio-economic development of rural communities: an
  aging population (high percentage of the population aged over 60),
  aging workforce, high mortality (15.2 ‰ to 9.7 ‰ in urban areas with
  very high infant mortality rates and wide variations between
  regions), low birth rates;


• Climate change.
                    Thank you!

Ecological Group for Cooperation - GEC Bucovina


Adress: Suceava, str. Doamna Maria Voichita nr. 1
Headquarter: str. Nicolae Balescu, nr. 1, parter
Tel: 0230-531996
Fax: 0230-523365
Mobil phone: 0722-387525 / 0744-774858
E-mail: gecbucovina@rdslink.ro
website: www.gecbucovina.ro

								
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