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SHORT STORY SHORT STORY LITERARY

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SHORT STORY SHORT STORY LITERARY Powered By Docstoc
					SHORT STORY
 LITERARY TERMS
SHORT STORY

A type of fiction, shorter than a novel, with
 five basic parts (plot, setting, characters,
 theme, and point of view).
PLOT

The sequence of events.
CHARACTERS

Persons, animals, objects in a story.
SETTING

Time and place.
THEME

The life lesson relating to human nature.
POINT OF VIEW

The vantage point from which a story is
 told.
All about Plot…
 EXPOSITION- The beginning part of the story
  that details background to characters and
  setting.
 RISING ACTION- All of the action or events that
  lead to the climax.
 CLIMAX- The turning point, or point of highest
  emotional intensity.
 FALLING ACTION- The action that follows the
  climax working toward a resolution.
 RESOLUTION- The tying up of loose ends, or
  end of a story or conflict.
EXPOSITION

The beginning part of the story that details
 background to characters and setting.
RISING ACTION

All of the action or events that lead to the
 climax.
CLIMAX

The turning point, or point of highest
 emotional intensity.
FALLING ACTION

The action that follows the climax working
 toward a resolution.
RESOLUTION

The tying up of loose ends, or end of a
 story or conflict.
CONFLICT

A struggle between opposing forces.
  Internal – man v. himself
  External – man v. man; man v. nature; man v.
   society; man v. supernatural
COMPLICATION

The first hint of conflict.
SUSPENSE

The feeling of nervousness or excitement
 caused by the unknown, “on the edge of
 your seat.”
SURPRISE ENDING

A story with an ending that surprises or
 shocks; unexpected.
Main Characters
 Characters that are important to the plot and
  push the story along.
Minor Characters

Characters that are not really important to
 the plot and accentuate the main
 characters.
Flat Characters

Characters that we only know one or two
 things about.
Round Characters

Characters that we know many things
 about; makes them more realistic.
Static Characters

Characters that stay the same.
Dynamic Characters

Characters that change.
CHARACTERIZATION

The way an author reveals details about a
 character.
  Direct Characterization- the author tells you
   directly.
  Indirect Characterization – the author hints
   clues about a character thru (a) what a
   character says, thinks, feels, does or (b) what
   other characters comment on them.
MOTIVATION

A character’s reasons for behaving a
 certain way.
PSEUDONYM

A fake name or “pen name” of an author.
  O’Henry is a pseudonym.
ALLUSION

A reference from one piece of literature to
 another famous piece of literature, art,
 history, or music.
IRONY
The difference between appearance and
 reality.
  Situational Irony – when what the
   reader/character expects to happen doesn’t and
   the opposite does.
  Verbal Irony – when a character says one thing
   and means quite another.
  Dramatic Irony – when the reader/audience
   knows something a character does not (creates
   suspense).
1st PERSON POV

Story is told from a character in the story;
 uses the 1st person pronoun “I”; biased
 view of events.
3rd PERSON LIMITED POV

Story is told from a narrator outside of the
 story “looking in” and limited to knowing
 the thoughts and feelings of one or two
 characters maximum.
3rd PERSON OMNISCIENT POV

Story is told from a narrator outside of the
 story “looking in” but knows all – like GOD.
NARRATOR

The voice telling the story – may be a
 character and may not.
DIALOGUE

Conversation between characters (one
 character speaking to self = internal
 dialogue).
RELIABLE NARRATOR

A narrator whose story can be believed; is
 of sound mind and judgment.
ATMOSPHERE

The feeling or mood associated with a
 particular setting.
CAUSE & EFFECT

The series of linked events.
FORESHADOWING

Hints or clues that suggest an outcome.
FLASHBACK

A pause in present action to revisit the
 past.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

Language not meant to be taken literally; a
 “fancy-shmancy” way of saying something.
  Simile
  Metaphor
  Personification
  Hyperbole
  Symbolism
SIMILE

A comparison of two things using like, as,
 or than.
  Ex: Matthew was like a bear on the football
   field.
METAPHOR

A comparison of two things saying one
 thing is another; does not use like, as, or
 than.
  Ex: Matthew is a bear on the football field.
PERSONIFICATION

Giving human qualities to something non-
 human.
  Ex. The pothole ate my tire.
HYPERBOLE

A conscious exaggeration used for effect.
  Ex. It rained so hard last night, I paddled my
   canoe to school.
SYMBOLISM

Words that stand for a greater meaning.
CLIFFHANGER

A story with no ending.
HORROR FICTION

A type of fiction that involves the
 supernatural, psychological, or creepy
 aspects of life in the story.
SCIENCE FICTION

A type of fiction that deals with science,
 technology, or futuristic aspects.
SATIRE

A type of writing that ridicules an aspect of
 society.

				
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posted:1/20/2012
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