Romes Would-Be Emperor Benito Mussolini Mussolini as a Child by ewghwehws

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									Benito Mussolini
Rome’s Would-Be Emperor
Mussolini as a Child
•   Mussolini was born to a poor rural family in 1883.

•   As a child, Mussolini was wild, aggressive, and hyperactive. He was expelled from multiple
    schools

•   In his own words, Mussolini described himself as “not a good boy”




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     Young Mussolini
•   Later, Mussolini was both charismatic and a bully

•   As a young man, Mussolini travelled Europe. He learned about various radical socialist
    theories

•   Mussolini relocated often, saying just ahead of debts, the husbands of married women with
    whom he had had affairs, and the hand of justice




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    Mussolini in WWI
•   By his mid-1920s, Mussolini was married and the editor of a socialist newspaper. He quickly
    lost patience with intellectuals, however, and left the formal socialist movement

•   WWI seemed like a great opportunity for Mussolini. He enlisted and saw combat in the Alps.




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    Mussolini in WWI
•   Mussolini spent two years in the trenches. War, Mussolini decided, was “the only way that a
    contry can become great ... the only way that a man can become complete...”

•   He also said that “war is to man what maternity is to woman'
                    After WWI
•   When the war was over, Mussolini returned to a devastated Italy. There was chaos, wars,
    and hunger.

•   In this chaos, Mussolini felt he could gain the “glory and wealth” that he craved
          Ideas Forming
•   Mussolini's politics had now swung from extreme left to extreme right

•   He spoke of the rebirth of the glory of Rome

•   Many of Mussolini's ideas were shaped by his first mistress, Martherita Sarfatti
                 The Fasces
•   Mussolini took the ancient symbol of a fasces. This was derived from ancient Rome. This
    symbol represented the authority of Roman law. Originally, the sticks were used for beating
    prisoners and the axe was used for decapitation




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                         “Il Duce”
•   In 1919, Mussolini organized his fascist army to overrun the socialist thinkers that he had
    previously supported. This show of force was known as “chivarious violence”

•   At this time, Mussolini became known as “Il Duce” or “The Duke”

•   By 1922, Mussolini seized power. On October 22nd, 26,000 of his fascist supporters, known
    as blackshirts, marched into Rome and seized the city. Those in power have no choice but to
    appoint Mussolini as Italy's new Prime Minister. He is 39 years old.

•   Mussolini will rule Italy as a fascist for 20 years
    Mussolini’s Early
•
        Reign
    In Mussolini's early years, the shattered Italian economy is rebuilt at great speed and its army
    was restored

•   In June 1923, the government passed a law that essentially turned Italy into a single-part
    state

•   Early in his time as Prime Minister, Mussolini survived multiple assassination attempts. One
    of these was made on October 31st 1926. The would-be assassin, a 15-year old boy named
    Anteo Zamboni, was lynched on the spot




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        War in Ethiopia
•   In an effort to build a “New Roman Empire”, Mussolini invaded Etheopia in 1935. By May
    1936, the Emperor of Ethiopia was in exile and the nation was called Italian East Africa

•   The victory is decisive for the Italians. The Ethiopians are exposed to weapons they have
    never seen, most notably poison gas.

•   This victory was Mussolini’s moment of greatest glory. Following a victory speech in Rome, a
    group made up largely of his blackshirts called him back to wave to the crowd on ten separate
    occasions. In this speech, Mussolini said: “at last Italy has her empire ... the Italian people
    have created an empire with their blood. They will fertilize it with their work. They will defend it
    against anyone with their weapons. Will you be worthy of it?"

								
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