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Poetry

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					Poetry
Add the following
literary terms to
    your notes:
 Types of
Poetry…….
Narrative Poetry
 A verse of poetry
 that tells a story.
Dramatic Poetry
   A verse of poetry
that relies heavily on
  dramatic elements
 such as monologue
     or dialogue.
Lyric Poetry
A highly musical
poetry verse that
  expresses the
 emotions of the
    speaker.
    Sonnet
   A 14-line poem,
  usually in iambic
  pentameter, that
 follows one of the
number of different
  rhyme schemes.
      Ode
 A lofty lyric poem
on a serious theme.
 Free Verse
Poetry that avoids
  use of regular
 rhyme, rhythm,
meter, or division
  into stanzas.
 Elegiac Lyric
       Poem that
     expresses a
speaker’s feelings of
 loss, often because
   of the death of a
 loved one or friend.
     Image
   The vivid mental
  picture created in
the reader’s mind by
    the language.
Techniques
of Poetry….
      Meter
   The rhythmical
pattern of the poem.
      Foot
 The unit of rhythm
    consisting of
strongly and weakly
 stressed syllables.
   Pentameter
5 units of rhythm
within a poem;
consists of 5 stressed
syllables and 5
unstressed syllables
Iambic Pentameter
 A poetic foot containing one
  weakly stressed syllable
  followed by one strongly
    stressed syllable for a
    succession of 5 times.
Example: “afraid” The weakly
 stressed syllable is the first
           syllable.
    Stanza
The basic unit of a
poem; length can
      vary
     Couplet
 A form of stanza within a
          poem.
  2 Lines -“couple”; often
rhymes, but doesn’t have
        to rhyme.
   Quatrain
A stanza containing
     four lines.
 Does not have to
       rhyme.
   Sestet
A 6 lined stanza
within a poem.
   Octave
An 8 lined stanza
 within a poem.
Techniques
 of Poetry
Sound…..
   Rhythm
A pattern of beats
and stresses in a
 line of verse or
      prose.
    Rhyme
 The repetition of
sounds at the ends
    of words
  End Rhyme
The use of rhyming
words at the ends of
       lines
Internal Rhyme
The use of rhyming
words within lines
   Alliteration
The repetition of initial
 consonant sounds.
 Example: Sally sold
   seashells at the
     seashore.
  Assonance
 The repetition of
  vowel sounds.
Example: …molten
 golden notes…
Onomatopoeia
  The use of words or
phrases that sound like
the items to which they
         refer.
Examples: Buzz, Hiss,
Boo, Bam, Pow, Zoom
    I hope you
enjoyed reading
and learning the
 terminology of
      Poetry

				
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posted:1/20/2012
language:English
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