OCC Tractor Safety 2004 by dfhdhdhdhjr

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									Tractor Safety
             Introduction
Tractor accidents can result in serious
injuries or death. Over 50 percent of
tractor-related deaths are caused by
tractor roll-overs. Other fatalities include
falls, run-overs, crushes, and PTO
entanglement.
This training program is designed to
address basic safe-operating procedures
to help minimize the risk of accidents.
             Objectives
Types of incidents
Tractor operator responsibilities
Tractor safety
What is a ROPS
What is a PTO
What is Lock Out/Tag Out
Additional safeguards
    Importance of Safety
Annually, 300 to 400 tractor-related
deaths occur on U.S. farms. Over 50
percent of tractor-related deaths are
caused by tractor roll-overs. A roll bar or
roll-over protective structure and seat belt
usage could have prevented all of these
deaths. Other fatalities include falls, run-
overs, crushes, and PTO entanglement.
An additional 65 fatalities were attributed to
pinning between the bucket and frame or
between the loader lift arms and frame, but
no loader type was identified. A number of
these fatalities may have involved skidsteer
loaders.
Types of Tractor Injury-Incidents

 There are several types of tractor mishaps that result in
 injury. Common mishaps are:
    By-pass starting
    Front-end loader incidents
    Rearward tractor rollovers
    Sideways tractor rollovers
    Falls from tractors
    Tractor runovers
    Caught-between crushing
    PTO stub shaft entanglements
           CONCLUSIONS

These fatal incidents suggest that employers
  and workers may not fully appreciate the
hazards associated with operating or working
near loaders and tractors, the need to follow
 safe work procedures, or the consequences
   of bypassing interlocks and other safety
                   features.
                Tractor Operator
                Responsibilities
There are eight primary responsibilities a
tractor operator must meet whenever the
tractor is used. They are:
    Conduct proper maintenance
    Conduct pre-operation checks
    Avoid injury-incident situations
    Maintain safety features
    Use tractor as intended
    Refuel safely
    Start and stop safely
    Adjust the tractor for safety
           Tractor Safety
Stay off steep slopes
Hitch only to appropriate hitch points
Do not tow loads too heavy for tractor
When stopped
   Engage brake securely
   Use parking lock
Turn tractor off before leaving seat
      Manuals

An operator’s manual
must be provided by
the manufacture.
Contains
   Safe operation of
    machine
   Proper servicing of
    that machine.
   Why Might There Be A Standard
   For The Placement Of Controls?
To allow for
uniformity between
machines

Allows for better
operation of the
machine

Easier shutdown in
emergency                   WWW.fordnewholland.com


situations.
            Safe Operation
Use special caution on
slopes, slow down for all
turns and stay off the
highway whenever
possible.

Keep your hitches low and
always on the drawbar.
Otherwise, your tractor
might flip over backwards.

Keep wheels spread wide
whenever possible.
              Safe Operation
Never Pop the clutch or
practice unsafe maneuvers.

Never hitch to the axle or other
high point.

Never attach a post or log to
the rear wheels when the
tractor is stuck in the mud.

Disengage the power take-off
when it's not in use.
                 Safe Operation
• When you shut down
  your tractor:
  •   Put the PTO lever in neutral
      and lower attachments to
      the ground.
  •   Always shut off engine, set
      the park brake(s) and
      remove key.
  •   Whenever possible, park on
      level ground.
Rollover Protective Structure
           (ROPS)
Cab or frame that provides a safe environment.
Designed to prevent death or minimize injury.
Are standardized.
    ASAE and OSHA certified
    Must pass a series of crash tests
    Are legally required on tractors manufactured after
     1985
                Safe Operation
    The Rules of Tractor
    Safety

     Use ROPS and seat belt
      whenever and wherever
      applicable.

     Do not wear the seat belt if
      the ROPS is folded.
Roll-over Protection
System (ROPS)

Seat belts with the
use of ROPS

                       WWW.cdc.gov
  Retrofit Older Tractors
        with ROPS

Depends on model
Check with
manufacturer
Check on cost
      Never Attempt a
      Makeshift ROPS!

Too many variables   May be worse than
  Metal strength    nothing
  Mounting

                     Will not protect a
False sense of       driver in a rollover
security
What is a PTO?
 Power Take-Off



What is the PTO used for?
 To operate implements and
 equipment that run off a propelling
 shaft.
 Power Take-Off
 (PTO) Systems:

   Mechanism for
 transferring power
between a tractor and
    implements.
           PTO Injuries

Responsible for 15 – 20% of all tractor-
related injuries

Often result in the amputation of fingers,
toes or limbs
  Engage Power Gradually

Start equipment from the cab.

Make sure no one is near the PTO!

Never allow untrained personnel to
operate a PTO!
Disengage PTO And Turn Off
      Tractor Before:

       Dismounting
       Cleaning
       Repairing
       Adjusting
Driving on Public Roads

        May be necessary to get
        from site to site.

        To provide safety to the
        operator and other road
        users, specific standards
        have been set for road
        travel.
   When Traveling On Public
           Roads:
Turn lights and flashers on
Display Slow-Moving Vehicle (SMV) sign
appropriately
Keep buckets to front-loaders low to the
ground
Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem

• Why use a slow moving
  vehicle (SMV) emblem?
     It’s the law!
     Warns other traffic that you are a SMV
     Cautions other drivers to slow down
          SMV Emblem Law
   Equilateral triangle      Clearly displayed
                               rear and center

   14 inches high
                              Placed point up

   Fluorescent orange        Lower edge at least
                               2-ft. and not more
   Red reflective             than 6-ft. above
                               ground
    border
Do Not Allow Additional Riders!
What is Lockout/Tagout?

   Defined protocol for appropriate
    shutdown of equipment and machinery.

   Prevents injury from unexpected
    energy release.
        Lockout

   The placement of a lock or a block on
    an energy-isolating device to prevent
    the operation of the machine or
    equipment being serviced.
         Tagout

   Attachment of a warning tag to a
    switch, valve, or other energy isolating
    device indicating that the equipment is
    being serviced and is inoperable until
    the tagout device is removed.
Wear Job-Appropriate Clothing

 Wear snug fitting clothes
     Loose clothes can become entangled


 Avoid synthetic materials
     Synthetics often don’t tear, and pull limbs in
      more easily
  Shields and Guards

Keep PTO shielded and guarded

Replace shields after maintenance

Test driveline guards
Additional Safety Precautions

1. Never step over a rotating shaft!

2. Always walk around the tractor!

3. Use a driveline specific to your tractor

4. Prevent drawbar stress
Tractor Accidents Can Be Costly
    Questions or concerns?
Contact…
 Michael Schmidt, CHMM
 Manager of Environmental Health and
 Safety
 Phone: 248-232-4234
 Fax: 248-232-4254
 maschmid@oaklandcc.edu

								
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