How to Write an English Sonnet

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How to Write an English Sonnet Powered By Docstoc
					              How to Write an English Sonnet
Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare                        Useful terminology:
                                                      Stanza
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?               Rhyme scheme
Thou art more lovely and more temperate               Quatrain
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May          Couplet
And summer's lease hath all too short a date
                                                      Syllables
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                                      The Foot
And every fair from fair sometime declines            Iamb
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd       Pentameter
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
When in eternal lines to time thou growest
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
                    What is a Stanza?
   Stanza                                Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
       In poetry, stanza refers to a
        grouping of lines, set off by a   Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
        space, that usually has a set     Thou art more lovely and more temperate
        pattern of meter and rhyme.
        See also line, meter, rhyme.      Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
                                          And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                                          Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                                          And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                          And every fair from fair sometime declines
                                          By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                                          But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                                          Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                                          Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                                          When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                                          So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                          So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
       The Proper Rhyme Scheme?
      English (Shakespearian) Sonnet:
   Rhyme Scheme           Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
      abab/cdcd/efef/gg
                           Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
                           Thou art more lovely and more temperate
                           Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
                           And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                           Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                           And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                           And every fair from fair sometime declines
                           By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                           But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                           Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                           Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                           When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                           So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                           So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
   Quatrain                       Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
       A Sonnet has 3 quatrains
       A four-line stanza         Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
                                   Thou art more lovely and more temperate
                                   Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
                                   And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                                   Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                                   And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                   And every fair from fair sometime declines
                                   By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                                   But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                                   Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                                   Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                                   When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                                   So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                   So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
                 What is a Couplet?
   Couplet                         Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
       A Sonnet has 1 couplet      Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
       Two consecutive lines of    Thou art more lovely and more temperate
        poetry that usually rhyme   Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
        and have the same meter.    And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                                    Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                                    And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                    And every fair from fair sometime declines
                                    By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                                    But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                                    Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                                    Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                                    When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                                    So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                    So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
                           Syllables?
    Syllables
                                     Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare

       Shall I com-pare thee to a   Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
        sum-er´s day = 10            Thou art more lovely and more temperate
                                     Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
        syllables
                                     And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                                     Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                                     And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                     And every fair from fair sometime declines
                                     By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                                     But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                                     Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                                     Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                                     When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                                     So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                     So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
                                           Foot
   Foot                                          Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
        The metrical unit by which a line of
         poetry is measured. A foot usually       Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
         consists of one stressed and one or
         two unstressed syllables. An iambic      Thou art more lovely and more temperate
         foot, which consists of one              Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
         unstressed syllable followed by one      And summer's lease hath all too short a date
         stressed syllable ("away"), is the
         most common metrical foot in
         English poetry. A trochaic foot          Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
         consists of one stressed syllable        And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
         followed by an unstressed syllable
         ("lovely"). An anapestic foot is two     And every fair from fair sometime declines
         unstressed syllables followed by one     By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd
         stressed one ("understand"). A
         dactylic foot is one stressed syllable
         followed by two unstressed ones          But thy eternal summer shall not fade
         ("desperate"). A spondee is a foot       Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
         consisting of two stressed syllables
         ("dead set"), but is not a sustained     Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
         metrical foot and is used mainly for     When in eternal lines to time thou growest
         variety or emphasis. See also iambic
         pentameter, line, meter.
                                                  So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                                  So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
                                   Iamb?
   An iamb, or iambic foot, consists of   Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare
    one unstressed syllable followed by
    a stressed syllable.)                  Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
                                           Thou art more lovely and more temperate
                                           Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May
                                           And summer's lease hath all too short a date

                                           Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines
                                           And often is his gold complexion dimm'd
                                           And every fair from fair sometime declines
                                           By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd

                                           But thy eternal summer shall not fade
                                           Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest
                                           Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade
                                           When in eternal lines to time thou growest

                                           So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
                                           So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
          Iambic Pentameter?

   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iambic
    _pentameter
   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iambic
    _pentameter

				
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