Geography… by ewghwehws



           What is it?

-Comes from a Greek word that means the
“Earth’s Description.”
-The science of studying the earth as a
home for humans.
Geography & Me…

  Why would I need Geography?

  •Reading maps
  •Vacations or moving
  •Terrain awareness
Geography and the Sharks

  How are directions given on water?

 Latitude- The distance North or South of
  the Equator

 Longitude- The distance east or West of
  the Prime Meridian.
 In what ways can you
 describe the size of Georgia?
Georgia is the 24th largest state in the
Area: 59,489 square miles
Greatest width: 250 miles
Greatest length: 315 miles
2nd largest state in southeast.
How can you describe the
location of Georgia?
  States: (Surrounding)
 Alabama, Florida, Tennessee, North
   Carolina, South Carolina

  Bodies of water:
 Atlantic Ocean
All states are divided into
Georgia has 159 counties

Smallest: Clark
Largest: Ware

In what county is the Geographic center of
  Georgia located?
 Twiggs County
From North to South
How does the physical geography change in the
 state from north to south?

Flat Plains-Mountains
In the Middle?

The elevation in Georgia increases the farther
  north you travel.

Why are elevation and physical
 characteristics of a state good things to
5 Geographic Regions of GA.

  Appalachian Plateau
  Blue Ridge
  Ridge and Valley
  Piedmont
  Coastal Plains
Appalachian Plateau
  Smallest region
  Located in north west corner of the state
  Consist of 2 mountain plateaus- Lookout
   Mt. and Sand Mt.
  Made up of 2 counties- Dade & Walker
  Referred to as TAG Corner because you
   can see Tennessee, Alabama , and
   Georgia from Lookout Mt.
  Start of the Appalachian Trail
            Blue Ridge
 Home to the highest and largest mountains
  in Georgia
 Highest mountain in Georgia located here-
  Brasstown Bald
 The Mountains are responsible for much of
  the precipitation in the state by blocking in
  the warm air from the Gulf
 Cities located in this region…Helen,
  Cleveland, and Blairsville
Ridge and Valley

 Narrow ridges and low open valleys
 Flat and fertile farm land
 Polk to Barrow Counties north toward
  Chattanooga, TN
 Dalton, GA “Carpet Capital of the World”
 Begins in the foothills and goes to the central
  part of the state.
 Piedmont- “foot of mountains”
 Approx. ½ of the state’s population lives
 Was the cotton belt in antebellum days.
 Largest cities are Atlanta, Athens, and
Coastal Plains
 Occupies 3/5ths of state, Largest region
 Divided into the Inner Plains and Outer
 Inner Plains- a majority of agriculture in
  the state in this area
 Outer Plains- does not have well drained
  soil. Okefenokee Swamp located here
 Consists of Marshes and barrier islands
 Fall Line

 Separates Coastal Plain and Piedmont
 From Columbus on west through Macon and
 Many Waterfalls
 Many mining operations
 large deposits of minerals like Kaolin
 Okefenokee Swamp
 Located in near Folkston and Waycross in
  the outer coastal plains.
 Largest swamp in the State.
 Covers ½ million acres.
 Name means “Land of the trembling earth”
 Home to many endangered species
            Barrier Islands
 The barrier Islands protect the mainland and
  marshes the erosion caused by wind and
 Barrier Islands-Jekyll, St. Simons,
  Cumberland, etc.
Climate and Weather

  Climate- refers to weather in a region
   over a period of time
  Weather-refers to day-to-day changes in
   temp, precipitation, wind, etc.
  Average temp of GA is approx. 65
            Air Quality

 Ozone is a protective layer in the upper
  atmosphere that reduces the suns harmful rays
 When ozone layer is low it can be harmful
  (Smog) to human health
 Transportation contributes to the ozone
  problem especially in urban areas
 Alternate fuel sources may reduce this problem

  Snow from Mts. melts and provides
   runoff to the lakes, rivers and streams
   that feed the state.
  GA averages 42-76 in. of rain per year
   according to the region
  1994 Flood occurred when it rained 23 in.
   In one week.
 Affects the weather patterns in GA
 Warm months wind comes from the Gulf
  and the Atlantic
 Cold air from Canada and Alaska
 Wind Currents: a continuous movement or
  flow of air.
 Explorers use the Trade Winds to sail
  toward the New World and returned home
  on the Westerlies.
Ocean Currents

    71% of world is covered in water
    5 main oceans:
    Atlantic
    Pacific
    Artic
    Antarctic
    Indian

  Created when warm waters (80+)
   transform heat energy into strong winds
   and heavy waves.
  Hurricane season is from June-Nov
  Hurricane strength is measured from 1-5
  Level 5- 155 mph winds and 18ft+ waves

  GA has average of 19 tornadoes per year
  Most damaging are referred to as maxis-
   200mph+ winds
  Appear and end suddenly
  Highly unpredictable
  Tornado season from March-July
 Georgia has 12 principal river
 Savannah River
 Chattahoochee River
 Flint River
 Altamaha River
Savannah River

  Indian Name: Isondega- “Blue
  314 miles long
  Major sea port at Savannah
  Flows directly into Atlantic Ocean
Chattahoochee River

  Indian Name- “River of painted rock”
  436 miles long
  Pollution has made it one of the 10 most
   polluted rivers in the nation
Flint River

  Runs through Albany
  256 miles long
  Empties into Lake Seminole
Altamaha River

 Indian Name: “Chief’s Lodge”
 Empties into Atlantic Ocean at Darien, GA
 Georgia has NO large natural lakes
 6 artificial lakes that provide recreation,
  reservoirs, hydroelectric power
 6 lakes-
 Lake Allatoona,
 Carter Lake,
 Lake Lanier,
 Lake Walter George,
 West Point Lake,
 Lake Seminole
  Flora and Fauna
 Flora refers to natural vegetation of the land
 Fauna refers to the animal life of the land
                 Trees and Plants
 GA has twice the national average of land
  covered in trees
 The most well-known trees-Pecan and Peach
 Pine trees for pulp production
 Kudzu vine brought to America from Japan to
  stop soil erosion; not effective
Georgia Wildlife

  Mammals
    Over 40 species found in GA
    Whitetail Deer was almost extinct in early
     1900’s, but is now found in all 159 counties
  Birds
    Home to the Bald Eagle
    Quail, Dove and Brown Thrasher*

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