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					CAC Exam Preparations and
     Thoughts, 2011
        March, 2011

         Tom Babb
      DPR/CAC Liaison
California Environmental Protection

Cal/EPA brings together all major
environmental agencies under one roof:
 Pesticide Regulation (Structural Board)
 Toxic Substances Control
 Air Resources Board
 Water Resources Control Board
 Office of Environmental Health
  Hazard Assessment
    Cal/EPA Goals

Set priorities based on risk
Use best, most consistent science
Enforce the law fairly and uniformly
Open up the regulatory process
View environmental protection and
economic progress as complementary goals
Focus on pollution prevention
        DPR Vision and Mission

Mission: To protect human health and the
environment by regulating pesticide sales and use,
and by fostering reduced-risk pest management
         What Is a Pesticide?

Substances that kill or control pests
A pest might be an insect, fungus, weed, rodent,
mite, bacteria, virus – in short, any plant, animal
or microorganism that causes damage or economic
losses, or transmits
or produces disease
In California, adjuvants
are also classified as
pesticides and must be
 How Many? How Much?
Registered pesticide products?
   About 13,000 products
Active ingredients (including adjuvants)?
   About 1,000
Pounds of pesticide active ingredients sold?
   From 560 to 740 million
    pounds each year,
    including sanitizers,
    industrial and
    home-and-garden products
    Federal, State and Local

No pesticide can be used if not federally
registered by U.S. EPA
States may set up parallel registration
system and may have requirements
stricter than U.S. EPA’s
   States can review for state-specific conditions (for
    example, climate, cropping patterns,
    environmentally sensitive areas)
   States can cancel registrations
    on state-specific grounds
Federal, State and Local

U.S. EPA has exclusive authority
over pesticide labeling
   But states may refuse to register
    a product if label does not meet
    its standards
“The label is the law”
 Pesticide Regulation: History
First laws: 1901 & 1911
1921: Registration required
1940’s: Regulations to limit drift
1950’s: First limited use reporting
1970’s: Worker protection rules
1980’s: Risk assessment, toxic air contaminants,
ground water protection
1990: Full use reporting
1990s to date: Pesticide risk in air (fumigant and
VOC controls) and water
   DPR Structure
Executive Office
   Enforcement
   Environmental Monitoring
   Pest Management and Licensing
   Worker Health and Safety
   Registration
   Product Compliance
   Medical Toxicology
     DPR Program and Staffing

$79 million budget, funded by regulatory fees
About 400 employees, including more than 30
toxicologists and more than 60 environmental
Field enforcement
augmented by
about 275 inspector
biologists working for
commissioners in
all 58 counties

Endangered Species            Surface Water
Methyl Iodide                 Regulations
Fumigants, generally          Kettleman City
VOC                           IPM Grants
Air Monitoring Network        IPM Innovators
Ground Water Regulations      Food Safety
        NEPA         PREC, PMAC
    DPR: Integrated Network of Programs

Pesticide product evaluation and registration,
and risk mitigation, for public health and
Encouraging reduced-risk pest management
Licensing to assure competent users
Use enforcement and permitting
   County Agricultural Commissioners
Continuous evaluation!
 Continuous Evaluation - Environmental

Conducts monitoring to determine the
environmental fate of pesticides
 Air
 Soil

 Ground and surface water

 Foliage
 Continuous Evaluation: Human Exposure

Occupational settings:
   Worker reentry, mixer handler, applicators
   Air exposures
    mostly from fumigants
   Enforcement of tolerances
Collects and analyzes illness data to determine how
future occurrences can be prevented
Continuous Evaluation: Risk

Comprehensive risk assessments
 Human health, dietary, air
 Peer-reviewed by OEHHA

More than 70% of agricultural pesticides
(in pounds used) have gone through risk

Impose or amend regulations
Change permit guidance
Registration decisions
 Cancellation statutory hurdle:
  “Uncontrollable adverse effect”
 Leads to developing control measures
  rather than overcome cancellation hurdles
 Methyl Iodide
Typical Registration Process
Risk: toxicity x exposure
 Risk Assessment (toxicity)

 Risk Mitigation (exposure)

Registration Decision
    County Partnership

County agricultural commissioners under
DPR oversight & guidance
Counties assess compliance with pesticide
laws and regulations
Investigate pesticide incidents and illnesses
Administer permit program for restricted
Collect pesticide use reports
        Challenges and Opportunities

 Air
    VOCs (Fumigants, non-fumigants), MeI, Chloropicrin,
     Air monitoring network
 Surface and Ground Water
    Preventing runoff into waterways (Cu, surface water regs,
     dormant spray regs), Pest. Contamination Prevention Act
 Enforcement
    Equal compliance (ERR), key functions of Enf. Branch
 Worker Health and Safety
    Closed systems, PPE, PISP
      Mill Assessment Disbursement

Counties reimbursed for:
   Pest   control activities
   Costs

   Workload

   Performance
  Mill Assessment Disbursement
Reimbursement for prior year work
July - June

Mill collection period
March - February

Disbursement made
April 1
        Criteria Items & Apportionment

    DPR & CACs jointly develop regulations
    specifying criteria which currently include:
   Inspections    3%       Expenditures      3%
   Licensees      3%       Pounds of         3%
                             Pesticides used
   Applicator     3%
    certificates            Permits & Sites   21%
   Work Hours     3%       Population        21%
   Lines of       40%

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