Alcohol …………

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					     Why oh Why Alcohol????
1. Get in Groups
2. Each person present your thoughts on
    Why people drink. Then as a group
  a. Is this a bad reason why …why not
  b. Is this an acceptable reason why …why not
  c. What is the biggest danger related to this
3. As a group pick one of the explanations
    and put it on the board.
Four Theories of Alcohol Use
1. Anxiety Theory… use to escape.
2. Power Theory…use to show power over self or
3. Counter Culture…Do the opposite of what
      authority wants.
4. Social Setting…Peer Pressure

Alcohol: A drug that is found in beer, wine and
  liquor that causes intoxication.
Intoxication: The physical and mental changed
  produced by drinking alcohol.
    Effects of Alcohol
1 Alcohol is Bi-Phasic
   A. Depressant to CNS
   B. Stimulant to digestive system.

2.Alcohol is a Vasodilator..
      Hands and feet lose heat.
3.Alcohol is an effective Tranquilizer
       Types of Alcohol
1. Ethyl …Grain alcohol…alcoholic

2. Methyl…wood alcohol…causes
   blindness and death.
        How alcohol is Made
1. Fermentation …. Wine 14%-28 proof
     A. Sparkling Wines….carbonation
     B. Fortified wines…Distilled alcohol
2. Brewing….Beer 4%...8 Proof

3. Distillation…Whiskey
       40% up to 200 Proof
       Short-Term Effects

Nausea          Reduced

                reaction time
               Poor vision
               Blackout
Loss of
               Coma
 judgment and
               Death
 self control
   Alcohol irritates the mouth, throat, esophagus
    and stomach
   It makes the heart work harder
   It makes the body lose heat
   Causes the liver to work harder
   Causes dehydration
   Slows down the nervous system
   After just 2 drinks a person loses the ability to
    make good decisions, pay attention, follow
    complex thoughts and cope with difficult
    Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
 Heart – Irregular heartbeat, high blood
  pressure, enlargement of the heart
 Immune system- diminished immune
  system function
 Small intestine- decreased ability to
  absorb vitamins
 Alcohol causes a anemia, or a decrease in red
  blood cells (their job is to carry oxygen to the
 Brain Damage
 Cirrhosis of the liver
    – Cirrhosis is a disease that replaces healthy liver
      tissues with scar tissue, making it harder for the liver
      to filter properly
   Shrunken brain and damaged brain cells
   Hepatitis
   Liver cancer
           Effect Factors
   Body Weight
   Gender : Females process alcohol up to
    15% slower than males.
   Proof:
   Beer 4% - 5.5% Wine 14% - 30%+
    Whiskey 40% +
   What it is diluted with…
   Medical Condition Medication Reaction
    Medications neutralized
         Effects Continued
 How Fast it is consumed
 How Fast it leaves the
 Hangover-*Withdrawal
   – Time
   – Anesthetic effect
     (Blood Alcohol Concentration)
 BAC – is the amount of alcohol a person has in
  their blood, commonly expressed as a
 (Table 1, pg 244)
 Binge Drinking
    – The act of drinking 5 or more drinks in one sitting
    – 8 or more drinks in 1 hour can negatively effect the
      areas of the brain that control breathing and heart
      rate. If the brain and heart stop to work as a result
      we have what is called alcohol poisoning or alcohol
      overdose. (this can be fatal)
  Alcohol and the Brain
Outer Layer: Anxiety Reduced
  Loss of Inhibitions
  Emotions Surface
  .001 BAC for DUI under 21 years
  of age.
  .03 BAC Restraint and Judgment
  .04 BAC Skin Flushed
  .06 BAC uncoordinated and
Back of Brain: Motor Center
– Increased Physical
  performance impaired
– Thinking skills impaired
– Increased Speech Impaired
– Reaction time decreases
– Vision Blurred
– .08 BAL DUI level in Illinois
       Mid Brain: .16 BAL
 – Double Vision
 – Staggering and loss of Balance

Center of the Brain .30-.50 BAL

 – Sleep-Coma- No Pain sensation
 – Skin clammy
 – Pupils Dilated
 – .50 Repertory Paralysis- Death
         Alcohol and the Body
1. Absorption…alcohol passes from the digestive
    tract to the circulatory tract.
             Alcohol is NOT digested

2. Oxidation…in the liver
    30 mins to 3 hrs per oz.
    liver filters about 1 drink per hour

3. Excretion…co2 and h20 are released in breath
    and urine.
         Medical Complications
1. Kidneys: Alcohol is a diuretic. Dehydration.
2. Cirrhosis of the Liver, Jaundice and Death.
3. Bleeding ulcers… GI issues.
4. Pancreatitis
5. Heart Arrhythmia
6. Reproductive Problems
7. Pregnancy Problems. Fetal Alcohol
8. Nerves system, Muscular system
   An illness in which there is a preoccupation
    with and a loss of control over the
    consumption of alcohol.
   Alcohol abuse – Drinking too much alcohol,
    drinking it too often, or drinking it at
    inappropriate times.
   Alcoholism – a disease that causes a person
    to lose control or his or her drinking
   1-10 Drinkers
   4-10 Adults have problems related to
   6-10 Teens have problems related to Alcohol
      Jellineks 4 Phases of
  months to 2 years…increased tolerance
Prodromal Phase ( Warning Signs)
  Sneaking, Gulping, Blacking out
     6 mo -4-5 yrs
Crucial Phase …Loss of Control…Morning
Chronic Phase … Begins early…Tremors
       Types of Alcoholics
Alpha…psychological dependance
Beta …Medical problems due to
Gamma…Most common. Loss of
Delta…psychological and physical
Epsilon…Binge drinking.
Page 248 4 stages
Page 249 4 risk factors
        Alcoholism and Families
   Guilty Feelings as if it is their faults
   Unpredictable Behavior by the alcoholic
   Violence
   Neglect or Isolation kids feel left out
   Protecting the Alcoholic, we enable them or help
    them out of negative consequences
   Ignoring one’s own needs to sacrifice for the
   Alcoholism affects society
    – Car wrecks, drownings, other accidents that kill both
      drinkers and NON-DRINKERS
    – Violence (murder, family violence child abuse, rape
      and assault)
   Alcohol and alcoholism does not just affect that
    person it affects everyone!

   With the right support and treatment alcoholics
    can be treated to help beat ALCOHOLISM!
      Alcoholics Anonymous
A.A. The person with the drinking problem.

ALA-NON : Family and friends of the

ALATEEN: Teens who have family or Friends
 with a drinking problem.

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