Why oh Why Alcohol????
1. Get in Groups
2. Each person present your thoughts on
Why people drink. Then as a group
a. Is this a bad reason why …why not
b. Is this an acceptable reason why …why not
c. What is the biggest danger related to this
3. As a group pick one of the explanations
and put it on the board.
Four Theories of Alcohol Use
1. Anxiety Theory… use to escape.
2. Power Theory…use to show power over self or
3. Counter Culture…Do the opposite of what
4. Social Setting…Peer Pressure
Alcohol: A drug that is found in beer, wine and
liquor that causes intoxication.
Intoxication: The physical and mental changed
produced by drinking alcohol.
Effects of Alcohol
1 Alcohol is Bi-Phasic
A. Depressant to CNS
B. Stimulant to digestive system.
2.Alcohol is a Vasodilator..
Hands and feet lose heat.
3.Alcohol is an effective Tranquilizer
Types of Alcohol
1. Ethyl …Grain alcohol…alcoholic
2. Methyl…wood alcohol…causes
blindness and death.
How alcohol is Made
1. Fermentation …. Wine 14%-28 proof
A. Sparkling Wines….carbonation
B. Fortified wines…Distilled alcohol
2. Brewing….Beer 4%...8 Proof
40% up to 200 Proof
Alcohol irritates the mouth, throat, esophagus
It makes the heart work harder
It makes the body lose heat
Causes the liver to work harder
Slows down the nervous system
After just 2 drinks a person loses the ability to
make good decisions, pay attention, follow
complex thoughts and cope with difficult
Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
Heart – Irregular heartbeat, high blood
pressure, enlargement of the heart
Immune system- diminished immune
Small intestine- decreased ability to
Alcohol causes a anemia, or a decrease in red
blood cells (their job is to carry oxygen to the
Cirrhosis of the liver
– Cirrhosis is a disease that replaces healthy liver
tissues with scar tissue, making it harder for the liver
to filter properly
Shrunken brain and damaged brain cells
Gender : Females process alcohol up to
15% slower than males.
Beer 4% - 5.5% Wine 14% - 30%+
Whiskey 40% +
What it is diluted with…
Medical Condition Medication Reaction
How Fast it is consumed
How Fast it leaves the
– Anesthetic effect
(Blood Alcohol Concentration)
BAC – is the amount of alcohol a person has in
their blood, commonly expressed as a
(Table 1, pg 244)
– The act of drinking 5 or more drinks in one sitting
– 8 or more drinks in 1 hour can negatively effect the
areas of the brain that control breathing and heart
rate. If the brain and heart stop to work as a result
we have what is called alcohol poisoning or alcohol
overdose. (this can be fatal)
Alcohol and the Brain
Outer Layer: Anxiety Reduced
Loss of Inhibitions
.001 BAC for DUI under 21 years
.03 BAC Restraint and Judgment
.04 BAC Skin Flushed
.06 BAC uncoordinated and
Back of Brain: Motor Center
– Increased Physical
– Thinking skills impaired
– Increased Speech Impaired
– Reaction time decreases
– Vision Blurred
– .08 BAL DUI level in Illinois
Mid Brain: .16 BAL
– Double Vision
– Staggering and loss of Balance
Center of the Brain .30-.50 BAL
– Sleep-Coma- No Pain sensation
– Skin clammy
– Pupils Dilated
– .50 Repertory Paralysis- Death
Alcohol and the Body
1. Absorption…alcohol passes from the digestive
tract to the circulatory tract.
Alcohol is NOT digested
2. Oxidation…in the liver
30 mins to 3 hrs per oz.
liver filters about 1 drink per hour
3. Excretion…co2 and h20 are released in breath
1. Kidneys: Alcohol is a diuretic. Dehydration.
2. Cirrhosis of the Liver, Jaundice and Death.
3. Bleeding ulcers… GI issues.
5. Heart Arrhythmia
6. Reproductive Problems
7. Pregnancy Problems. Fetal Alcohol
8. Nerves system, Muscular system
An illness in which there is a preoccupation
with and a loss of control over the
consumption of alcohol.
Alcohol abuse – Drinking too much alcohol,
drinking it too often, or drinking it at
Alcoholism – a disease that causes a person
to lose control or his or her drinking
4-10 Adults have problems related to
6-10 Teens have problems related to Alcohol
Jellineks 4 Phases of
months to 2 years…increased tolerance
Prodromal Phase ( Warning Signs)
Sneaking, Gulping, Blacking out
6 mo -4-5 yrs
Crucial Phase …Loss of Control…Morning
Chronic Phase … Begins early…Tremors
Types of Alcoholics
Beta …Medical problems due to
Gamma…Most common. Loss of
Delta…psychological and physical
Page 248 4 stages
Page 249 4 risk factors
Alcoholism and Families
Guilty Feelings as if it is their faults
Unpredictable Behavior by the alcoholic
Neglect or Isolation kids feel left out
Protecting the Alcoholic, we enable them or help
them out of negative consequences
Ignoring one’s own needs to sacrifice for the
Alcoholism affects society
– Car wrecks, drownings, other accidents that kill both
drinkers and NON-DRINKERS
– Violence (murder, family violence child abuse, rape
Alcohol and alcoholism does not just affect that
person it affects everyone!
With the right support and treatment alcoholics
can be treated to help beat ALCOHOLISM!
A.A. The person with the drinking problem.
ALA-NON : Family and friends of the
ALATEEN: Teens who have family or Friends
with a drinking problem.