"History of HBL"
HBL established operations in Pakistan in 1947 and moved its head office to Karachi. Our first international branch was established in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 1951 and Habib Bank Plaza was built in 1972 to commemorate the bank’s 25th Anniversary. With a domestic market share of over 40%, HBL was nationalized in 1974 and it continued to dominate the commercial banking sector with a major market share in inward foreign remittances (55%) and loans to small industries, traders and farmers. International operations were expanded to include the USA, Singapore, Oman, Belgium, Seychelles and Maldives and the Netherlands. On June 13, 2002 Pakistan's Privatization Commission announced that the Government of Pakistan had formally granted the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) rights to 51% of the shareholding in HBL, against an investment of PKR 22.409 billion (USD 389 million). On February 26, 2004, management control was handed over to AKFED. The Board of Directors was reconstituted to have four AKFED nominees, including the Chairman and the President/CEO and three Government of Pakistan nominees Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Pakistan's founding father, realized the importance of financial intermediation while he was campaigning for the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. He persuaded the Habib family to establish a commercial bank that could serve the Indian Muslim community. His initiative resulted in the creation of Habib Bank in 1941, with HO in Bombay (now Mumbai), and fixed capital of 25,000 rupees. The bank played an important role in mobilizing funds from the Muslim community to finance the All-India Muslim League's campaign for the establishment of Pakistan. Habib Bank also played an important role in channeling relief funds to the people hurt in the communal riots and violence that preceded the departure of the British from India. After Pakistan was born in 1947, Habib Bank, at the urging of Governor-General Jinnah, moved its headquarters to Karachi, Pakistan's first capital. This gave Karachi its first commercial bank of the newly formed Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The Habib family owned and managed the bank until the Pakistan government nationalized it on 01 January 1974. 1951 HBL opened the first of 3 branches in Sri Lanka. 1952 HBL established Habib Bank (Overseas). 1956 HBL opened first of 5 branches in Kenya. 1957 or 1958 HBL opened a branch in Aden. 1961 HBL opened the first of what would become 6 branches in the UK. 1964 HBL opened the first of 4 branches in Mauritius and a branch in Beirut. 1966 HBL opened the first of 8 branches in the UAE. 1969 HBL opened first of 3 branches and an OBU in Bahrain. However, HB’s branch in Aden is nationalized. 1971 HBL opened an OBU in Singapore and a branch in New York. 1972 HBL opened the first of 11 branches in Oman. HBL constructed Habib Bank Plaza in Karachi to commemorate the bank’s 25th Anniversary. 1974 The government of Pakistan nationalized HBL and HBL merged with Habib Bank (Overseas). 1975 HBL opened a branch in Belgium. HBL also merged with Standard Bank, a Pakistani bank. 1976 HBL opened a branch in the Seychelles, the first of two branches in Bangladesh, and a branch in the Maldives. 1979 HBL opened a branch in the Netherlands. 1980 HBL opened a branch in Paris and another in Hong Kong. 1981 HBL established Nigeria Habib Bank with 40% ownership. HBL also opened a representative office in Teheran. 1982 HBL opened a branch in Khartoum. 1983 HBL opened branch in the Karachi EPZ and a branch in Istanbul. 1984 HBL established Habib American Bank in New York with a branch each in Manhattan and Queens, and a US International Banking Facility. HBL also opened a branch in California. 1987 HBL opened in Australia. 1991 The Habib Group established a separate private bank, the Bank AL Habib, after private banking was re-established in Pakistan. HBL opened a branch in the Fiji Islands, and took over the Pakistani branches of failed bank, BCCI. 1992 In Nepal HBL acquired 20% of Himalayan Bank. 1995 HBL established a representative office in Cairo. 1990s HBL established Habib Finance (Australia), and Habib Finance International Limited, Hong Kong. 2000 HBL established Habib Canadian Bank. 2002 On June 13, 2002 Pakistan's Privatization Commission announced that the Government of Pakistan had granted the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED), a subsidiary of the Aga Khan Development Network, rights to 51% of the shareholding in HBL, against an investment of PKR 22.409 billion (USD 389 million).  2003 HBL received permission to open a branch in Afghanistan. 2004 On February 26, the Government of Pakistan handed over management control of Habib Bank to AKFED. The Board of Directors was reconstituted to have four AKFED nominees, including the Chairman and the President/CEO and three Government of Pakistan nominees. 2006 HBL sold the operations that it had established in Fiji in 1991 to Bank of South Pacific HBL Plaza in Karachi