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									Wildlife of Karnataka
              ……A brief account
St.Joseph’s college (Autonomous)
        Lalbagh road ,Bangalore




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         INTRODUCTION
• The state of Karnataka located in
  South India has a rich diversity of flora
  and fauna.
• It has a recorded forest area of
  38720 km² which constitutes 20.19%
  of the total geographical area of the
  state.
These forests support 25% of the
elephant population and 10% of the
tiger population of India.

The mountains of Western Ghats
which are in the western region of
Karnataka are a biodiversity hotspot.


                                        5
• The state bird =Indian Roller

• The state animal =Indian Elephant

• The state tree =Sandalwood

• The state flower =Lotus
The state bird =Indian Roller
The state animal =Indian Elephant




                                    8
The state tree =Sandalwood




                             9
The state flower =Lotus




                          10
5 national parks of KARNATAKA




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       ANSHI NATIONAL PARK
• This park is present in the Uttara Kannada
  district and spreads over an area of
  250 km².
• The altitude varies from 27 meters (89 ft)
  to 927 meters (3,041 ft) , and
  temperatures from 15°C to 35°C.
• Average annual rainfall is about
  4,700 millimeters.
       ANIMALS FOUND HERE
• MAMMALS found include elephant, gaur,
  sambar, spotted deer, barking deer,
  mouse deer, slender Loris, tiger, jungle
  cat, black panther, leopard cat, small
  Indian civet, sloth bear, Malabar giant
  squirrel and giant flying squirrel.
• The Snakes found are King cobra, python,
  cobra, rat snake, viper and krait
GAUR
      BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK
• It is situated within Chamarajanagar
  district covering an area of over 800 km²
  and adjoins the states of Tamil Nadu and
  Kerala.
• In 1973, Bandipur became one of the first
  of India's Tiger Reserves and became a
  part of Project Tiger.

• In 1974, intention was declared under the Wildlife
  Protection Act to notify it as a National Park.
      ANIMALS FOUND HERE

• Mammals found here are :Elephant
  Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, Mouse
  deer, Common giant flying squirrel,
  Tiger, Leopard, Common palm civet,
  Sloth bear, Striped hyena ,Golden
  jackal, Ruddy mongoose, Smooth
  Indian otter, Indian pangolin.
NEEDS NO INTRODUCTION: THE TIGER
• Reptiles like Marsh crocodile, Indian pond
  terrapin, Starred tortoise, Common Indian
  monitor, Indian chameleon, Skinks,
  Spectacled cobra, Russell's viper, Common
  krait, Indian python, Checkered keelback,
  Green whip snake, Common Indian
  bronzeback and Trinket snake are found
  here.

                                           18
BANNERUGHATTA NATIONAL PARK
• It is located in Bangalore district and
  covers over 115 km² of area.
• Altitude varies from 740 meters (2,428 ft)
  to 1,034 meters (3,392 ft), temperature
  from 20° to 35°C and the average annual
  rainfall is 700 millimeters (28 in).
• It is also a popular tourist destination for
  those who are in Bangalore.
      ANIMALS FOUND HERE

• Mammals in the park include leopard,
  gaur, elephant, jackal, fox, wild pig,
  sloth bear, sambar, spotted deer,
  barking deer, common langur, bonnet
  macaque, porcupine and hare.
Leopard




          21
    KUDREMUKH NATIONAL PARK
• Spread over an area of 600.32 km² it encompasses
  regions in the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi
  and Chikmagalur.

• Altitude varies from 134 meters (440 ft) to
  1,892 meters (6,207 ft).

• The park has a pleasant climate, with temperatures
  ranging from 17° to 28°C.

• Annual rainfall on an average is 4,000 millimeters
  (157 in) .
        ANIMALS FOUND HERE
• Mammals in the park include tiger, leopard,
  wild dog, jackal, lion-tailed macaque,
  common langur, sloth bear, gaur, sambar,
  spotted deer, barking deer, Malabar giant
  squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine and
  mongoose.
• Bird species in the park include the Malabar
  trogon, great pied hornbill, Malabar whistling
  thrush and imperial pigeon.
Lion-tailed macaque




                      24
THE GIANT SQUIRREL
A FROG OF THE WESTERN GHATS
   NAGARHOLE NATIONAL PARK
• Also known as Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole)
  National Park gets its name from the
  Nagara Hole (Snake River in Kannada)
  which runs eastwards through its centre.

• The park covers an area of about
  575 km².
        ANIMALS FOUND HERE

• Some of the species of mammals
  found in this park are Elephant, Gaur,
  Sambar, Chevrotain or Mouse deer,
  Four horned Antelope, Giant fruit bat,
  Tiger, Leopard, Jungle cat, Rusty
  spotted Cat, Common palm civet, Sloth
  bear and Flying fox, the largest Indian
  Bat.
SAMBAR




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• Reptiles include Marsh crocodile, Indian
  pond terrapin, Star tortoise, Forest
  calotes, Southern green calotes, Skinks,
  Spectacled cobra, Russell's viper, Common
  krait, Indian python, Checkered keelback,
  Green whip snake, Common Indian
  bronzeback, Flying snake, Wolf snake and
  Trinket snake.

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Marsh crocodiles




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WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES IN
       KARNATAKA
     Arabithittu Wildlife Sanctuary
• It is located in Mysore district.

• This park consists of eucalyptus and sandalwood
  plantations.
• Leopard, fox and spotted deer are some of the
  animal species found here




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Spotted deer




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       Adichunchanagiri Peacock
              Sanctuary
• It is located in Mandya district.

• This was created mainly for the conservation of
  peacocks.




                                                    35
THE PEACOCK
    Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple
          Wildlife Sanctuary
• It is located in the Chamarajanagar
  district.
• Some of the species of flora found here
  are Anogeissus latifolia, Grewia Tilaefolia
  and Syzygium cumini.
• Species of mammals include elephants,
  tigers, leopards, sloth bear, gaur, barking
  deer and sambar.
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Sloth bears




              38
      Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
• It is located between the Chikkamagaluru
  and Shimoga.
• Common species of flora include
  Lagerstromia Lanceolata and Careya
  arborea.
• Mammals include tiger, leopard, elephant,
  gaur, slender loris and pangolin.
• Among the bird species found here are
  rubythroated bulbul, shama, Malabar
  whistling thrush and paradise flycatcher.
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slender loris




                40
    Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary

• It is in Coorg (Kodagu) district.
• The evergreen forests in this sanctuary include
  species like Cinnamomum zeylancium, Cedrela
  toona and Alstonia scholaris.
• Bamboos are dominant here and include species
  like Bambusa bambos and Dendrocalamus
  strictus.
• Mammals include elephant, gaur, tiger, jungle
  cat, bonnet macaque and Nilgiri marten

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Nilgiri marten




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       Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
• It is in Uttara Kannada district .

• Common tree species found here are Dalbergia
  latifolia, Terminalia paniculata, T. Tomentosa
  and vitex altissima.
• Mammal species include elephant, gaur, wild
  pig, slender loris, Malabar giant squirrel and
  barking deer.


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Malabar giant squirrel




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   Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary
• It is in Udupi district.

• Some of the tree species found here are
  Dipterocarpus indicus, Calophyllum tomentosum
  and Hopea parviflora.

• Slender loris, lion-tailed macaque, sambar and
  chital are some of the animals found here.


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Chital




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  MORE WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES
• Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary: in Kodagu district

• Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located
  in Udupi district.

• Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary: It is spread across
  the districts of Bangalore, Mysore and Mandya.

• Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located in
  Shimoga district
• Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary: This is located in
  Bellary district.

• Ghataprabha Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located
  in Belgaum district .

• Melukote Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located in
  Mandya district.

• Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located in
  Mysore district
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• Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located in
  Kodagu district.

• Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary: This is located
  in Dharwad district.

• Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary: This is
  located in Shimoga district.




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Bird sanctuaries




                   50
          Attiveri Bird Sanctuary
• This is located in Uttara Kannada district and is
  spread over 2.23 km².

• White ibis, little cormorant, pied kingfisher,
  common grey hornbill are some of the bird
  species found here.




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Pied kingfisher




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          Gudavi Bird Sanctuary
• This is located in Shimoga district and is spread
  over 0.73 km².

• 191 species of birds are recorded here including
  white ibis, pheasant-tailed jacana, purplr
  moorhen and little grebe.




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Pheasant-tailed jacana




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     Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
• This is located in Mysore district and is spread
  over 0.67 km².

• This sanctuary is a haven for birds like
  cormorants, darter, white ibis, great stone
  plover, cliff swallow, spoonbills, lesser whistling
  teal and kingfishers.



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Spoonbills




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     Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary:
• This is located in Shimoga district and is based
  on a small island on the Tunga river.

• It is mainly visited by migratory birds like
  Median Egret (Egretta Intermedia), the Little
  Cormonant (Phalacrocoorax Niger), and the
  Darter or Snake Bird (Aninga nufa).[



                                                     57
Median Egret




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            Kaggaladu Heronry
• This is located in Tumkur district .

• It is one of the largest painted storks sanctuary
  in South India.

• Some of the birds that nest here are painted
  storks, grey herons, pelicans, black stilts and
  ducks


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Painted storks




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        Kokkare Bellur Pelicanry
• This is located in the town of Kokkare Bellur in
  Mandya district .

• It is a haven for avian species like Grey or Spot-
  billed Pelican and Painted Stork.




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Spot-billed Pelican




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          Other bird sanctuaries
• Bankapura Peacock Sanctuary:
This is located in Haveri district This sanctuary
 was created mainly for the conservation of
 peacocks.


• Bonal Bird sanctuary:
This is located in (Gulbarga District)near Surpur
  about 180 km from Gulbarga city.


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DEAR VISITOR ,

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OUR email id   : kannadainfomedia@gmail.com
• There is a lot of Wild life to see in
  Karnataka. Hopefully, you will be able
  to go to a few of these places while
  you are in Karnataka
THANK YOU

								
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