Marriage License State of Kentucky

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					Marriage State by State Analysis

Alabama

         Constitutional Amendment 774
         http://www.legislature.state.al.us/CodeofAlabama/Constitution/1901/Constitution
         1901_toc.htm
         (a) This amendment shall be known and may be cited as the Sanctity of Marriage
         Amendment.
         (b) Marriage is inherently a unique relationship between a man and a woman. As
         a matter of public policy, this state has a special interest in encouraging,
         supporting, and protecting this unique relationship in order to promote, among
         other goals, the stability and welfare of society and its children. A marriage
         contracted between individuals of the same sex is invalid in this state.
         (c) Marriage is a sacred covenant, solemnized between a man and a woman,
         which, when the legal capacity and consent of both parties is present, establishes
         their relationship as husband and wife, and which is recognized by the state as a
         civil contract.
         (d) No marriage license shall be issued in the State of Alabama to parties of the
         same sex.
         (e) The State of Alabama shall not recognize as valid any marriage of parties of
         the same sex that occurred or was alleged to have occurred as a result of the law
         of any jurisdiction regardless of whether a marriage license was issued.
         (f) The State of Alabama shall not recognize as valid any common law marriage
         of parties of the same sex.
         (g) A union replicating marriage of or between persons of the same sex in the
         State of Alabama or in any other jurisdiction shall be considered and treated in all
         respects as having no legal force or effect in this state and shall not be recognized
         by this state as a marriage or other union replicating marriage.

Alaska

         Article 1, Section 25 of the Alaska State Constitution
         http://www.legis.state.ak.us/cgi-
         bin/folioisa.dll/acontxt/query=*/doc/%7B@21%7D?
         “Section 1.25 - Marriage.
         To be valid or recognized in this State, a marriage may exist only between one
         man and one woman.”

Arizona

         No Defense of Marriage Amendment
         Arizona Code, Title 25-125
         http://www.azleg.state.az.us/search/oop/qfullhit.asp?CiWebHitsFile=/ars/25/0012
         5.htm&CiRestriction=marriage&CiBeginHilite=%3Cb%3E&CiEndHilite=%3C/b
         %3E&CiHiliteType=Full
      “A valid marriage is contracted by a male person and a female person with a
      proper marriage license who participate in a ceremony conducted by and in the
      presence of a person who is authorized to solemnize marriages and at which at
      least two witnesses who are at least eighteen years of age participate.”

Arkansas

      Constitution of the State of Arkansas, Amendment 83, Sections 1-3
      http://www.sos.arkansas.gov/ar-constitution/arcamend83/arcamend83.htm
      Ҥ 1. Marriage consists only of the union of one man and one woman.
      § 2. Legal status for unmarried persons which is identical or substantially similar
      to marital status shall not be valid or recognized in Arkansas, except that the
      legislature may recognize a common law marriage from another state between a
      man and a woman.
      § 3. The legislature has the power to determine the capacity of persons to marry,
      subject to this amendment, and the legal rights, obligations, privileges, and
      immunities of marriage.”

California

      California Family Code, Section 300
      http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-
      bin/waisgate?WAISdocID=30033129601+2+0+0&WAISaction=retrieve
      “Marriage is a personal relation arising out of a civil contract between a man and
      a woman, to which the consent of the parties capable of making that contract is
      necessary. Consent alone does not constitute marriage. Consent must be
      followed by the issuance of a license and solemnization as authorized by this
      division, except as provided by Section 425 and Part 4 (commencing with Section
      500).”

Colorado

      Colorado Constitution, Article II, Section 31
      “Only a union of one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a
      marriage in this state.”

      Colorado Code, Section 14-2-104
      http://198.187.128.12/colorado/lpext.dll/Infobase4/22f84/22fbf/22fc1/22fe9/2300
      c?f=templates&fn=fs-main-doc.htm&q=marriage&x=Advanced&2.0#LPHit1
      “(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) of this section, a marriage is
      valid in this state if:
      (a) It is licensed, solemnized, and registered as provided in this part 1; and
      (b) It is only between one man and one woman.”

Connecticut:
     None
Delaware

        Delaware Code Title 13, Chapter 1, Subchapter 1, Section 101
        http://delcode.delaware.gov/title13/c001/sc01/index.shtml
        “(a) A marriage is prohibited and void between a person and his or her ancestor,
        descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, niece, nephew, first cousin or between
        persons of the same gender.”

Florida

        Anticipated for 2008 Ballot: Florida Marriage Protection Amendment
        http://election.dos.state.fl.us/initiatives/fulltext/pdf/41550-1.pdf
        “Inasmuch as marriage is the legal union of only one man and one woman as
        husband and wife, no other legal union that is treated as marriage or the
        substantial equivalent thereof shall be valid or recognized.”

Georgia

        Georgia State Constitution: Article I, Section IV
        http://sos.georgia.gov/ELECTIONS/constitution_2007.pdf
        “(a) This state shall recognize as marriage only the union of man and woman.
        Marriages between persons of the same sex are prohibited in this state.
        (b) No union between persons of the same sex shall be recognized by this state as
        entitled to the benefits of marriage. This state shall not give effect to any public
        act, record, or judicial proceeding of any other state or jurisdiction respecting a
        relationship between persons of the same sex that is treated as a marriage under
        the laws of such other state or jurisdiction. The courts of this state shall have no
        jurisdiction to grant a divorce or separate maintenance with respect to any such
        relationship or otherwise to consider or rule on any of the parties respective rights
        arising as a result of or in connection with such relationship.”

Hawaii:

        Article 1, Section 23 of the Hawaii State Constitution:
        http://www.hawaii.gov/lrb/con/conart1.html
        “The legislature shall have the power to reserve marriage to opposite-sex couples.
        [Add HB 117 (1997) and election Nov 3, 1998]”

Idaho

        Constitution of the State of Idaho: Article III, Section 28
        http://www3.state.id.us/cgi-bin/constretr?sctid=003030328.K
        “A marriage between a man and a woman is the only domestic legal union that
        shall be valid or recognized in this state.”

        Idaho Statutes: Title 32, Chapter 2
           http://www3.state.id.us/cgi-bin/newidst?sctid=320020001.K
           “Marriage is a personal relation arising out of a civil contract between a man and
           a woman, to which the consent of parties capable of making it is necessary.”

Illinois

           Illinois Compiled Statutes. Chapter 750-5, Part II, Section 212
           http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs4.asp?DocName=075000050HPt%2E+II&
           ActID=2086&ChapAct=750%26nbsp%3BILCS%26nbsp%3B5%2F&ChapterID
           =59&ChapterName=FAMILIES&SectionID=63066&SeqStart=2700&SeqEnd=5
           600&ActName=Illinois+Marriage+and+Dissolution+of+Marriage+Act%2E
           “(a) The following marriages are prohibited:
           (5) a marriage between 2 individuals of the same sex.”


Indiana

           Indiana Code, Title 31, Article 11, Chapter 1, Section 1
           http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title31/ar11/ch1.html
           “(a) Only a female may marry a male. Only a male may marry a female.
           (b) A marriage between persons of the same gender is void in Indiana even if the
           marriage is lawful in the place where it is solemnized.”

Iowa

           Iowa Code. Chapter 595, Section 2
           http://coolice.legis.state.ia.us/Cool-
           ICE/default.asp?category=billinfo&service=IowaCode
           “1.) Only a marriage between a male and a female is valid.”

Kansas

           Constitution of the State of Kansas, Article 15 Section 16
           http://skyways.lib.ks.us/KSL/ref/constitution/art15.html
           “(a) The marriage contract is to be considered in law as a civil contract. Marriage
           shall be constituted by one man and one woman only. All other marriages are
           declared to be contrary to the public policy of this state and are void.
           (b) No relationship, other than a marriage, shall be recognized by the state as
           entitling the parties to the rights or incidents of marriage.”

Kentucky

           Kentucky Constitution, Section 233A
           http://www.lrc.ky.gov/Legresou/Constitu/233A.htm
        “Only a marriage between one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized
        as a marriage in Kentucky. A legal status identical or substantially similar to that
        of marriage for unmarried individuals shall not be valid or recognized.”

        Kentucky Revised Statutes, 402.005
        http://www.lrc.ky.gov/KRS/402-00/005.PDF
        As used and recognized in the law of the Commonwealth, "marriage" refers only
        to the civil status, condition, or relation of one (1) man and one (1) woman united
        in law for life, for the discharge to each other and the community of the duties
        legally incumbent upon those whose association is founded on the distinction of
        sex.”

        Kentucky Revised Statutes, 402.020
        http://www.lrc.ky.gov/KRS/402-00/020.PDF
        “Marriage is prohibited and void…between members of the same sex.”

Louisiana

        State Constitution of Louisiana, Article XII, Section 15
        http://senate.legis.state.la.us/Documents/Constitution/Article12.htm#%A715.%A0
        %A0Defense%20of%20Marriage
        “Marriage in the state of Louisiana shall consist only of the union of one man and
        one woman. No official or court of the state of Louisiana shall construe this
        constitution or any state law to require that marriage or the legal incidents thereof
        be conferred upon any member of a union other than the union of one man and
        one woman. A legal status identical or substantially similar to that of marriage for
        unmarried individuals shall not be valid or recognized. No official or court of the
        state of Louisiana shall recognize any marriage contracted in any other
        jurisdiction which is not the union of one man and one woman.”

Maine

        Maine Statutes. Title 19-A, Part 2, Chapter 23, Section 650
        http://janus.state.me.us/legis/statutes/19-A/title19-Asec650.html
        “A. The union of one man and one woman joined in traditional monogamous
        marriage is of inestimable value to society; the State has a compelling interest to
        nurture and promote the unique institution of traditional monogamous marriage in
        the support of harmonious families and the physical and mental health of children;
        and that the State has the compelling interest in promoting the moral values
        inherent in traditional monogamous marriage.”

        Maine Statutes. Title 19-A, Part 2, Chapter 23, Section 701
        http://janus.state.me.us/legis/statutes/19-A/title19-Asec701.html
        “Prohibited marriages; exceptions
        1. Marriage out of State to evade law. When residents of this State, with intent to
        evade this section and to return and reside here, go into another state or country to
      have their marriage solemnized there and afterwards return and reside here, that
      marriage is void in this State
      1-A. Certain marriages performed in another state not recognized in this State.
      Any marriage performed in another state that would violate any provisions of
      subsections 2 to 5 if performed in this State is not recognized in this State and is
      considered void if the parties take up residence in this State
      5. Same sex marriage prohibited. Persons of the same sex may not contract
      marriage.”

Maryland

      Maryland Statutes Family Law § 2-201
      http://mlis.state.md.us/cgi-win/web_statutes.exe
      Only a marriage between a man and a woman is valid in this State.

      Maryland Statutes Family Law § 2-502
      http://mlis.state.md.us/cgi-win/web_statutes.exe
      (a) In this section, "foreign marriage" means a marriage ceremony:
      (1) performed outside this State; and
      (2) in which 1 or both of the parties were or are citizens of this State.
      (b) Each clerk shall keep a foreign marriage record book in the clerk's office. The
      clerk shall record a foreign marriage when presented with either:
      (1) a certificate of marriage signed by the individual who performed the marriage
      ceremony; or
      (2) an official certified copy of a marriage record.
      (c) On request, the clerk shall provide, under the seal of the court, certification of
      a foreign marriage in the same manner as the clerk issues certification of a
      marriage ceremony performed in this State.

Massachusetts

      Same sex marriage is legal

Michigan

      Constitution of Michigan, Article 1 Section 25
      http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(kkos1o3cgvzkgz2ebgqqomnz))/mileg.aspx?pag
      e=getObject&objectName=mcl-Article-I-25
      “To secure and preserve the benefits of marriage for our society and for future
      generations of children, the union of one man and one woman in marriage shall be
      the only agreement recognized as a marriage or similar union for any purpose.”

      Michigan Revised Statutes, Section 551.1
      http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(n5wjmc450ltfoqnjjwnyrw45))/mileg.aspx?page
      =getobject&objectname=mcl-551-
      1&queryid=18542883&highlight=marriage%20AND%20man%20AND%20wom
      an
      “Marriage is inherently a unique relationship between a man and a woman. As a
      matter of public policy, this state has a special interest in encouraging, supporting,
      and protecting that unique relationship in order to promote, among other goals,
      the stability and welfare of society and its children. A marriage contracted
      between individuals of the same sex is invalid in this state.”

Minnesota

      A Constitutional Amendment has been proposed:
      http://www.revisor.leg.state.mn.us/bin/bldbill.php?bill=S3500.0.html&session=ls
      84

      Minnesota State Statutes 517.01
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/Minnesota.cfm?StateID=23
       “Marriage a civil contract. Marriage, so far as its validity in law is concerned, is a
      civil contract between a man and a woman, to which the consent of the parties,
      capable in law of contracting, is essential. Lawful marriage may be contracted
      only between persons of the opposite sex and only when a license has been
      obtained as provided by law and when the marriage is contracted in the presence
      of two witnesses and solemnized by one authorized, or whom one or both of the
      parties in good faith believe to be authorized, so to do. Marriages subsequent to
      April 26, 1941, not so contracted shall be null and void.”

Mississippi

      Mississippi Code, § 93-1-1
      http://michie.com/mississippi/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-h.htm&cp=
      “Any marriage between persons of the same gender is prohibited and null and
      void from the beginning. Any marriage between persons of the same gender that
      is valid in another jurisdiction does not constitute a legal or valid marriage in
      Mississippi.”

      Mississippi Constitution, Article 14, Section 263A
      http://michie.com/mississippi/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-h.htm&cp=
      “Marriage may take place and may be valid under the laws of this State only
      between a man and a woman. A marriage in another State or foreign jurisdiction
      between persons of the same gender, regardless of when the marriage took place,
      may not be recognized in this State and is void and unenforceable under the laws
      of this State.”

Missouri

      Missouri Constitution, Article I, Section 33
      http://www.moga.mo.gov/const/A01033.HTM
     “That to be valid and recognized in this state, a marriage shall exist only between
     a man and a woman.”

     Missouri Revised Statutes, Section 451.022
     http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c400-499/4510000022.htm
     “1. It is the public policy of this state to recognize marriage only between a man
     and a woman.
     2. Any purported marriage not between a man and a woman is invalid.
     3. No recorder shall issue a marriage license, except to a man and a woman.
     4. A marriage between persons of the same sex will not be recognized for any
     purpose in this state even when valid where contracted.”


Montana

     Montana Constitution, Article XIII, Section 7
     http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/Constitution/XIII/7.htm
     “Only a marriage between one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized
     as a marriage in this state.”

Nebraska

     Nebraska State Constitution, Article I-29
     http://uniweb.legislature.ne.gov/legaldocs/view.php?page=c0101029000
     “Only marriage between a man and a woman shall be valid or recognized in
     Nebraska. The uniting of two persons of the same sex in a civil union, domestic
     partnership, or other similar same-sex relationship shall not be valid or recognized
     in Nebraska.”

Nevada

     Nevada State Constitution, Article 1, Section 21
     http://www.leg.state.nv.us/Const/NvConst.html#Art1Sec21
     “Sec: 21. Limitation on recognition of marriage. Only a marriage between a
     male and female person shall be recognized and given effect in this state.
     [Added in 2002. Proposed by initiative petition and approved and ratified by the people at the 2000 and 2002 general
     elections.]”


New Hampshire

     New Hampshire Revised Statutes Chapter 457
     http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/xliii/457/457-mrg.htm
     § 1. Marriages Prohibited
     Men. - No man shall marry his mother, his father's sister, mother's sister,
     daughter, sister, son's daughter, daughter's daughter, brother's daughter, sister's
     daughter, father's brother's daughter, mother's brother's daughter, father's sister's
     daughter, mother's sister's daughter, or any other man.
      § 2. Marriages Prohibited
      Women. - No woman shall marry her father, her father's brother, mother's brother,
      son, brother, son's son, daughter's son, brother's son, sister's son, father's brother's
      son, mother's brother's son, father's sister's son, mother's sister's son, or any other
      woman.
      § 3. Recognition of Out-of-State Marriages
      Every marriage legally contracted outside the state of New Hampshire, which
      would not be prohibited under RSA 457:1 or RSA 457:2 if contracted in New
      Hampshire, shall be recognized as valid in this state for all purposes if or once the
      contracting parties are or become permanent residents of this state subsequent to
      such marriage, and the issue of any such marriage shall be legitimate. Marriages
      legally contracted outside the state of New Hampshire which would be prohibited
      under RSA 457:1 or RSA 457:2 if contracted in New Hampshire shall not be
      legally recognized in this state. Any marriage of New Hampshire residents
      recognized as valid in the state prior to the effective date of this section shall
      continue to be recognized as valid on or after the effective date of this section.

New Jersey
      None

New Mexico
     None

New York
     None

North Carolina

      North Carolina General Statutes Chapter 51. Marriage. Article 1.
      http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/HTML/ByChapter/Chapt
      er_51.html
      Ҥ 51-1. Requisites of marriage; solemnization. A valid and sufficient marriage is
      created by the consent of a male and female person who may lawfully marry,
      presently to take each other as husband and wife, freely, seriously and plainly
      expressed by each in the presence of the other, either: (1) a. In the presence of an
      ordained minister of any religious denomination, a minister authorized by a
      church, or a magistrate; and b. With the consequent declaration by the minister or
      magistrate that the persons are husband and wife; or (2) In accordance with any
      mode of solemnization recognized by any religious denomination, or federally or
      State recognized Indian Nation or Tribe.
      § 51-1.2. Marriages between persons of the same gender not valid. Marriages,
      whether created by common law, contracted, or performed outside of North
      Carolina, between individuals of the same gender are not valid in North
      Carolina.”

North Dakota
       North Dakota Constitution, Article 11, Section 28
       http://www.legis.nd.gov/constitution/const.pdf
       “Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman. No other
       domestic union, however denominated, may be recognized as a marriage or given
       the same or substantially equivalent legal effect.”

       North Dakota Century Code. Chap. 14, § 03.
       http://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t14c03.pdf
       § 03-01. What constitutes marriage - Spouse defined.
       Marriage is a personal relation arising out of a civil contract between one man and
       one woman to which the consent of the parties is essential. The marriage relation
       may be entered into, maintained, annulled, or dissolved only as provided by law.
       A spouse refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.
       § 03-08. Foreign marriages recognized - Exception.
       Except when residents of this state contract a marriage in another state which is
       prohibited under the laws of this state, all marriages contracted outside this state,
       which are valid according to the laws of the state or country where contracted, are
       valid in this state. This section applies only to a marriage contracted in another
       state or country which is between one man and one woman as husband and wife.

Ohio

       Ohio Constitution, Article 15 Section 11
       http://www.legislature.state.oh.us/constitution.cfm?Part=15&Section=11
       “Only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or
       recognized by this state and its political subdivisions. This state and its political
       subdivisions shall not create or recognize a legal status for relationships of
       unmarried individuals that intends to approximate the design, qualities,
       significance or effect of marriage.”

       Ohio Revised Code, 3101.01
       http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3101.01
       “(1) Any marriage between persons of the same sex is against the strong public
       policy of this state. Any marriage between persons of the same sex shall have no
       legal force or effect in this state and, if attempted to be entered into in this state, is
       void ab initio and shall not be recognized by this state.
       (2) Any marriage entered into by persons of the same sex in any other jurisdiction
       shall be considered and treated in all respects as having no legal force or effect in
       this state and shall not be recognized by this state.
       (3) The recognition or extension by the state of the specific statutory benefits of a
       legal marriage to nonmarital relationships between persons of the same sex or
       different sexes is against the strong public policy of this state. Any public act,
       record, or judicial proceeding of this state, as defined in section 9.82 of the
       Revised Code, that extends the specific statutory benefits of legal marriage to
       nonmarital relationships between persons of the same sex or different sexes is
      void ab initio. Nothing in division (C)(3) of this section shall be construed to do
      either of the following:
      (a) Prohibit the extension of specific benefits otherwise enjoyed by all persons,
      married or unmarried, to nonmarital relationships between persons of the same
      sex or different sexes, including the extension of benefits conferred by any statute
      that is not expressly limited to married persons, which includes but is not limited
      to benefits available under Chapter 4117. of the Revised Code;
      (b) Affect the validity of private agreements that are otherwise valid under the
      laws of this state.”

Oklahoma

     Oklahoma State Constitution, Section II-35
     http://www.lsb.state.ok.us/
     “A. Marriage in this state shall consist only of the union of one man and one
     woman. Neither this Constitution nor any other provision of law shall be construed
     to require that marital status or the legal incidents thereof be conferred upon
     unmarried couples or groups.
     B. A marriage between persons of the same gender performed in another state shall
     not be recognized as valid and binding in this state as of the date of the marriage.
     C. Any person knowingly issuing a marriage license in violation of this section
     shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.”

Oregon

      Oregon Constitution, Article XV, Section 5a
      http://www.leg.state.or.us/orcons/orcons.html
      “It is the policy of Oregon, and its political subdivisions, that only a marriage
      between one man and one woman shall be valid or legally recognized as a
      marriage.”

      Oregon passed HB 2007 (Effective Date: January 1, 2008), which established a
      domestic partnership system. The text of the bill may be found here:
      http://landru.leg.state.or.us/07reg/measures/hb2000.dir/hb2007.en.html

Pennsylvania

      Pennsylvania Statutes. Title 23, Chapter 17, Section 1704.
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/Pennsylvania.cfm?StateID
      =38
      It is hereby declared to be the strong and longstanding public policy of this
      Commonwealth that marriage shall be between one man and one woman. A
      marriage between persons of the same sex which was entered into in another state
      or foreign jurisdiction, even if valid where entered into, shall be void in this
      Commonwealth.
Rhode Island
      None
South Carolina

      South Carolina Constitution, Article XVII, Section 15
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/South_Carolina.cfm
      “A marriage between one man and one woman is the only lawful domestic union
      that shall be valid or recognized in this State. This State and its political
      subdivisions shall not create a legal status, right or claim respecting any other
      domestic union, however denominated. This State and its political subdivisions
      shall not recognize or give effect to a legal status, right or claim created by
      another jurisdiction respecting any other domestic union, however denominated.
      Nothing in this section shall impair any right or benefit extended by the State or
      its political subdivisions other than a right or benefit arising from a domestic
      union that is not valid or recognized in this State. This section shall not prohibit or
      limit parties, other than the State or its political subdivisions, from entering into
      contracts or other legal instruments.”

      South Carolina Code of Laws. Title 20, Chapter 1, Section 15
      http://www.scstatehouse.net/code/t20c001.htm
      “A marriage between persons of the same sex is void ab initio and against the
      public policy of this State.”


South Dakota

      South Dakota Constitution, Article XXI, Section 9
      http://legis.state.sd.us/statutes/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&Statute=0N-
      21-9
      “Only a marriage between a man and woman shall be valid or recognized in South
      Dakota. The uniting of two or more persons in a civil union, domestic partnership,
      or other quasi-marital relationship shall not be valid or recognized in South
      Dakota.”

      South Dakota Statutes, Title 25, Chapter 1, Section 1
      “Marriage is a personal relation, between a man and a woman, arising out of a
      civil contract to which the consent of parties capable of making it is necessary.
      Consent alone does not constitute a marriage; it must be followed by a
      solemnization.”

Tennessee

      Constitution of the state of Tennessee, Article XI, Section 18
      “The historical institution and legal contract solemnizing the relationship of one
      man and one woman shall be the only legally recognized marital contract in this
      state. Any policy or law or judicial interpretation purporting to define marriage as
        anything other than the historical institution and legal contract between one man
        and one woman is contrary to the public policy of this state and shall be void and
        unenforceable in Tennessee. If another state or foreign jurisdiction issues a license
        for persons to marry and if such marriage is prohibited in this state by the
        provisions of this section, then the marriage shall be void and unenforceable in
        this state.”

Texas

        Texas Constitution, Article 1, Section 32
        http://tlo2.tlc.state.tx.us/txconst/sections/cn000100-003200.html
        (a) Marriage in this state shall consist only of the union of one man and one
        woman.
        (b) This state or a political subdivision of this state may not create or recognize
        any legal status identical or similar to marriage.

Utah

        Utah Constitution, Article I Section 29
        http://www.livepublish.le.state.ut.us/lpBin22/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-
        j.htm&2.0
        (1) Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman.
        (2) No other domestic union, however denominated, may be recognized as a
        marriage or given the same or substantially equivalent legal effect.

        Utah Code, 30-1-2
        http://www.livepublish.le.state.ut.us/lpBin22/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-
        j.htm&2.0
        “The following marriages are prohibited and declared void…[marriages] between
        persons of the same sex.”

Vermont
     Vermont Statutes, Title 15, Chapter 1, Section 8.
     http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=15&Chapter=001&Secti
     on=00008
     “Marriage is the legally recognized union of one man and one woman.”


Virginia

        Virginia Constitution, Article 1, Section 15-A
        “That only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in
        or recognized by this Commonwealth and its political subdivisions. This
        Commonwealth and its political subdivisions shall not create or recognize a legal
        status for relationships of unmarried individuals that intends to approximate the
        design, qualities, significance, or effects of marriage. Nor shall this
      Commonwealth or its political subdivisions create or recognize another union,
      partnership, or other legal status to which is assigned the rights, benefits,
      obligations, qualities, or effects of marriage.”

Washington

      Revised Code of Washington 26.04.010
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/Washington.cfm?StateID=
      47
      Marriage contract -- Void marriages. (1) Marriage is a civil contract between a
      male and a female who have each attained the age of eighteen years, and who are
      otherwise capable. RCW 26.04.020 (c) When the parties are persons other than a
      male and a female. (3) A marriage between two persons that is recognized as
      valid in another jurisdiction is valid in this state only if the marriage is not
      prohibited or made unlawful under subsection (1)(a), (1)(c), or (2) of this section.

West Virginia

      West Virignia Code 48-2-603
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/West_Virginia.cfm?Stat
      eID=48
      Certain acts, records, and proceedings not to be given effect in this state. A public
      act, record or judicial proceeding of any other state, territory, possession or tribe
      respecting a relationship between persons of the same sex that is treated as a
      marriage under the laws of the other state, territory, possession, or tribe, or a right
      or claim arising from such relationship, shall not be given effect by this state.

Wisconsin

      Wisconsin Constitution, Section 13 of Article XIII
      http://www.legis.state.wi.us/rsb/05JR-030.pdf
      “Only a marriage between one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized
      as a marriage in this state. A legal status identical or substantially similar to that
      of marriage for unmarried individuals shall not be valid or recognized in this
      state.”

Wyoming

      Wyoming Statutes 20-1-101
      http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/Marriage50/Wyoming.cfm?StateID=50
      “Marriage is a civil contract between a male and a female person to which the
      consent of the parties capable of contracting is essential.”

				
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Description: Marriage License State of Kentucky document sample