Private For Profit Prisons FINAL

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Private For Profit Prisons FINAL Powered By Docstoc
					By Jill Schnall and Tim DiPaolo
Introduction
 States are contracting private prisons to
  take prisoners from public prisons
  mainly to relieve overcrowding
 States pay certain amount to firms for
  each prisoner in the private prison
  depending on security level
 Corrections Corporation of America vs.
  GEO group Inc. (Wackenhut
  Corrections)
History
•   early 1980s
•   The Justice Assistance Act of 1984
•   1985 first state-level private-prison contract
    was signed in KY
•   1990 Illinois expressly forbid prison
    privatization
•   1998 NC ended contractual arrangement
    with CCA for operation of 2 facilities CCA
    had built
History Cont.
 1998 Corrections Corporation of America
  charged
 1999 2 CCA prisons in NM had stabbings
  and deaths
 2002 TN Supreme Court in Memphis
  Publishing Company vs. Cherokee
  Children and Family Services
History Cont.
   2005 Prison Legal News sued GEO group
    for non-compliance with FL laws on public
    records
   2007 Friedmann v. CCA – PLN sued due to
    non-compliance with 2002 court decision
   CCA unwilling to comply with Freedom of
    Information Act
   2002-2008, 85 CCA employees were
    charged with crimes
   2007 Proposed H.R. 1889
For Private Prisons
   Prevent overcrowding
   Save tax payer dollars
   Not a new idea
   Contractual and legal safeguards to ensure
    quality
   Contract can be terminated for
    mismanagement
For Private Prisons Cont.
 Financial incentives help to maintain order
  and security
 Many studies show that some privately run
  prisons have a higher quality of service and
  level of performance
 Freedom to set their own budget and
  design their own facilities
 Provide healthcare, education, and rehab
Against Private Prisons
   Savings are a result of lower quality
    services (food, medical care, basic needs)
   Lower levels of staff and training
   Misplacement of inmates
   Doing justice should be the government’s
    job
   Profit motives cause operators to cut
    corners
Against Private Prisons
Cont.
 Officials in private prisons report the
  behavior of prisoners to state authorities
 States often do not oversee prisoner
  transfers in privatized prisons
 Gaining power may cause private
  companies to have influence over
  corrections policy
Corrections Corporation of
America (CCA)
   Innovative, efficient, cost effective, forward-
    thinking correctional solutions
   Helps Economy
     Pays sales taxes and property taxes
     Pays utility payments and construction costs.
     Creates jobs for an average of 200 skilled
       tradespersons on new construction projects
     Employs hundreds of new professionals
     Revitalizes existing local businesses and helps
       establish new ones
CCA Cont.
   Helps Community
     Community Relations Committees
     Supports a variety of causes and organizations
      ○ Habitat for Humanity, the American Cancer
         Society, March of Dimes, the American Red
         Cross
   Variety of rehabilitation/education programs
     addictions treatment, GED preparation/testing,
      post-secondary studies, life skills, employment
      training, recreational options & work
      opportunities
American Federation of State, County
and Municipal Employees (AFSCME)
 Prison run on taxpayers' expense
 Gets lower quality of services
   Understaffed, unqualified and poorly trained
    corrections personnel
 Public workers are laid off
 Corruption scandals
 “preserve quality public services, ensure that
  public service employees are treated fairly and
  hold elected officials accountable to the public”
AFSCME Cont.
   Supports H.R. 2305 – Public Safety Act
     End taxpayer-supported privatization
 Corporations care more about profit than
  public safety and security
 Fundamental government responsibility
Table 3. Number of State or Federal Prisoners in Private Facilities, 2000-
2008
                         Number of Prisoners
 Year            Total   Federal State    Percent of
                                          All Prisoners
2000             87,369 15,524 71,845 6.3%
2001             91,828 19,251 72,577 5.8%
2002             93,912 20,274 73,638 6.5%
2003             95,707 21,865 73,842 6.5%
2004             98,628 24,768 73,860 6.6%
2005             107,940 27,046 80,894 7.1%
2006             113,697 27,726 85,971 7.2%
2007             123,942 31,310 92,632 7.8%
2008             128,524 33,162 95,362 8.0%
Average annual
change 2000-07 5.1%      10.5% 3.7% :
Percent change
2007-08          3.7%    5.9%     2.9%    :
Source: Sabol, William J., Heather C. West, and Matthew Cooper,
Prisoners in 2008, Appendix Table 18.
Note: Figures are as of December 31 for each calendar year.
Evidence/Statistics For Private
Prisons
 Prison population is expected to grow
  13% in 2011
 States are expected to spend $27.5
  billion on new inmates
 CCA controls 87,000 beds at 65
  institutions
 2009 – net income of CCA was $42.5
  million
Evidence/Statistics:
Against Private Prisons
   Arizona
     49% more assaults on staff members
     66% more inmate on inmate assaults
     53% turnover rate of employees
     Starting wages 23.4% lower
     Higher position wages 39.4% lower
Recent Developments
   July 3 2010 prisoners escape from AZ private
    prison
   2010 SB 1070 (Arizona Immigration Law)
   Nov 2010 AZ state audit found private prisons
    cost taxpayers per inmate $55.89 per day
    while public prisons $48.13 a day
   Prop. 19 in CA
   Nov 2010 Walnut Grove, the Walnut
    Correctional Authority and GEO group vs.
    Dennis Earl Holmes
   2010 PA Judge pleads guilty
Green Party
 Private prisons should be illegal
 Prisons treat people as their product
 Provide worse service than government
  run facilities
 Profits come from understaffing
Arnold Schwarzenegger’s View
      on Private Prisons
 In favor of private prisons
 Public Prisons are too crowded
 Government spends too much money on
  prisons
 Cut costs on prisons
Terry Goddard
   5-point plan to improve prison security
     1. immediate review of location and security risk
      posed by all violent prisoners in AZ
     2. immediate re-assignment of violent prisoners
      currently in minimum and medium security prisons
     3. immediate security review of all private prisons
      in state
     4. delay the assignment of future violent prisoners
      to private prisons until step 3 is complete
     5. Appoint a blue-ribbon commission to investigate
      facility where escape occurred and fine the
      company
Additional Information
 http://www.correctionscorp.com/
 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29142654
  /
Works Cited
   2001, By. "Prisons, Privatization, And Public Values." Restructuring Local Government.
    Web. 03 Nov. 2010.
    <http://government.cce.cornell.edu/doc/html/PrisonsPrivatization.htm>.
   "About Us | Corrections Corporation of America." CCA. Web. 03 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.correctionscorp.com/about/>.
o   "AFSCME - AFSCME Corrections United: 10 Years of Federal Legislative Advocacy ."
    American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). N.p., n.d.
    Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.afscme.org/workers/6590.cfm>.
o   "AFSCME - Corrections." American Federation of State, County and Municipal
    Employees (AFSCME). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.afscme.org/workers/67.cfm>.
o   Anderson, George M.. "Prisons for Profit." America Magazine . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov.
    2010. <http://www.americamagazine.
   Buduson, Sarah. "Audit: Private Prisons Cost Slightly More - Phoenix News Story -
    KPHO Phoenix." 4 Nov. 2010. Web. 04 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.kpho.com/news/25628062/detail.html>.
   "CCA." CCA. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.correctionscorp.com/home/>.
   Chittum, Ryan. "Captive Customers." Columbia Journalism Review. 2 Nov. 2010. Web.
    4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.cjr.org/the_audit/captive_customers.php>.
   Friedmann , Alex. Personal interview. 8 June 1926.
   Gainsborough, Jenni. "The Truth About Private Prisons | | AlterNet." Home | AlterNet.
    15 Dec. 2003. Web. 04 Nov. 2010. <http://www.alternet.org/story/17392/>.
   Geoffrey, Segal November. "Private Prisons Save Money, Boost Productivity." Reason
    Foundation. 17 Nov. 2003. Web. 04 Nov. 2010. <http://reason.org/news/show/private-
    prisons-save-money-boo>.
   Goldmacher, Shane. "Private Prisons Operator Opens Wallet for Lawmakers - Los
    Angeles Times." Featured Articles From The Los Angeles Times. 22 Apr. 2010. Web.
    04 Nov. 2010. <http://articles.latimes.com/2010/apr/22/local/la-me-0423-prisons-donor-
    m>.
   "II. SOCIAL JUSTICE." Green Party of the United States. 21 Sept. 2004. Web. 05 Nov.
    2010. <http://www.gp.org/platform/2004/socjustice.html#1001998>.
   Jackson. "Suit: Inmate Died Lacking Med Care Hattiesburg American." 4 Nov. 2010.
    Web. 04 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.hattiesburgamerican.com/article/20101104/NEWS01/11040341>.
   "Jobs We Do." AFSCME. Web. 4 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.afscme.org/workers/6590.cfm>.
   Kirchhoff, Suzzane M. "Economic Impacts of Prison Growth." Congressional Research
    Service. 13 Apr. 2010. Web. 4 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41177.pdf>.
   Powers, By Ashley. "Report Details Security Flaws at Arizona Private Prison - Los
    Angeles Times." Featured Articles From The Los Angeles Times. 20 Aug. 2010. Web.
    04 Nov. 2010. <http://articles.latimes.com/2010/aug/20/nation/la-na-prison-escape-
    20100820>.
   "Prison Privatization." Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies.
    Facts On File News Services, 1 Sept. 2000. Web. 20 Sept. 2010.
    <http://www.2facts.com/article/i0200620>.
   "Private Prisons Do Not Save Money." AFSCME. Web. 4 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.afscme.org/publications/2550.cfm>.
   "Privatization." AFSCME. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.afscme.org/issues/76.cfm>.
   Rubinkam, Michael. "Former Pa. judge charged in juvenile justice scandal agrees to
    plead guilty | San Francisco Examiner ." San Francisco Examiner. N.p., n.d. Web. 7
    Nov. 2010. <http://www.sfexaminer.com/nation/92435229.html>.
   Seckler, Jim. "Mohave Daily News News Local Meeting on Private Prisons Canceled."
    Mohave Daily News Front. 4 Nov. 2010. Web. 04 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.mohavedailynews.com/articles/2010/11/04/news/local/doc4cd25af56f1088
    15949909.txt>.
   Smith, Phil. "Private Prisons: Profits of Crime." Web. 20 Oct. 2010.
    <http://mediafilter.org/mff/prison.html>.
   Steele, Tom. "Talk of the Town: Private Prison Statistics Raise Alarm." The Daily
    Courier. 19 Jan. 2010. Web. 4 Nov. 2010.
    <http://prescottdailycourier.com/main.asp?SectionID=36&SubSectionID=73&ArticleID=
    76844&TM=73783.91>.
   Weisenthal, Joe. "This Is The Company That's Desperate To Keep Marijuana Illegal In
    California." Business Insider. 1 Nov. 2010. Web. 04 Nov. 2010.
    <http://www.businessinsider.com/corrections-corp-of-america-prop-19-2010-10>.

				
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