Physics - CP

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					Physics – College Preparatory
Motion in a Straight Line    1. Examine the relationship between velocity and acceleration.

                             2. Distinguish vector quantities, such as velocity and
                                displacement, from scalar quantities such as distance and
                                speed.

                             3. Demonstrate the ability to calculate average velocity.

                             4. Calculate velocity, acceleration, and displacement for a
                                variety of situations using standard acceleration equations.

                             5. Demonstrate the units of measure and precision by using an
                                appropriate measuring device for an application.

                             6. Examine motion in free-fall.

                             7. Explore why all objects are accelerated equally by gravity.

                             8. Use acceleration of gravity in conjunction with standard
                                acceleration equations.

                             9. Explore the relationship of vectors.

                            10. Show an ability to add vectors using both the graphical
                                method and mathematical method.

                            11. Examine the addition of forces and be able to solve force
                                vector problems.

Graphical Analysis of        1. Plot position-time graphs.
Motion
                             2. Interpret position-time graphs to calculate velocity and
                                direction.

                             3. Plot velocity-time graphs.

                             4. Interpret a velocity-time graph.

                             5. Investigate the meaning of the area under the curve and
                                calculate the displacement from such a graph.

Examine Kinematics           1. State Newton’s three laws of motion and display an
                                understanding of their applications.

                             2. Use Newton’s second law in problem solving.

                             3. Distinguish between mass and weight.
                           4. Use fundamental force to explain and make predictions about
                              motion changes in systems.

                           5. Interpret graphs in order to plot the path an object follows. Be
                              able to transfer this information from one type of graph to
                              another.

                           6. Formulate an experimental design to test a given mechanics
                              hypothesis.

Principles of Momentum     1. Perform investigations into behavior of objects.

                           2. Formulate relationships between momentum and impulse.

                           3. Examine the law of conservation of momentum and use it in
                              collision analyses.

Motion in Two Dimensions   1. Investigate projectile motion.

                           2. Explain that the path of a projectile is a trajectory.

                           3. Examine the independence of vertical and horizontal
                              velocities of a projectile.

                           4. Demonstrate the centripetal acceleration of objects in circular
                              motion.

                           5. Describe the motion of satellites in terms of their velocities in
                              orbit.

Universal Gravitation      1. Investigate of universal gravitation.

                           2. Demonstrate how Kepler’s laws resulted in Newton’s law of
                              gravitation.

                           3. Calculate the weight of an object and the acceleration due to
                              gravity using Newton’s law of gravitation.

                           4. Demonstrate that the gravitational force is proportional to the
                              masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance
                              between the two objects.

Work and Power             1. Examine work and power.

                           2. Calculate work done by a force.

                           3. Demonstrate that work is dependent upon the force and the
                              distance of an object.
                              4. Investigate how simple machines affect the work done on a
                                 system.

                              5. Explain and calculate M.A.,I.M.A., and the efficiency of a
                                 simple machine.

                              6. Analyze collisions of particles in one dimension to determine
                                 unknown masses or velocities, and calculate how much kinetic
                                 energy is lost in a collision.

                              7. Identify those situations in which work is done and is not
                                 done.

Principles of Total Energy    1. Investigate the principles of total energy conservation in
Conservation in Systems          systems.

                              2. Explore energy and its conservation.

                              3. Define kinetic and potential energy.

                              4. State and apply the law of conservation of energy.

                              5. Examine thermal energy systems.

                              6. Convert Celsius to Kelvin temperature.

                              7. Define temperature and distinguish it from thermal energy.

                              8. State the laws of thermodynamics.

                              9. Define entropy.

                             10. Calculate potential and kinetic energies for different locations
                                 for a free falling object.

                             11. Show that the law of conservation of energy is used to predict
                                 the outcome of a mixing.

                             12. Predict the final temperature of a mixture.

                             13. Calculate and use specific and latent heats.

Principles of Electricity     1. Investigate the basic principles of electricity and
and Magnetism                    magnetism.

                              2. Explore the basic properties of electrostatics.

                              3. Describe the characteristics of charged objects.

                              4. State the differences between conductors and insulators.
                               5. State Coulomb’s Law and how the force depends on amount
                                  of charge and charge separation.

                               6. Examine electric currents.

                               7. Define an electric field and explain how to measure it.

                               8. Solve problems relating field, force, and charge.

                               9. Investigate electrical circuits.

                              10. Draw series and parallel circuits.

                              11. Demonstrate Ohm’s Law and how it relates voltage, current,
                                  and resistance.

Principles in Fluid Statics    1. Investigate the basic principles in fluid statics and dynamics.
and Dynamics
                               2. Understand the determinates of fluid pressure and buoyancy.

                               3. Become familiar with Pascal’s principles and Bernoulli’s
                                  Principle.

Characteristics of Light       1. Analyze and discuss characteristics of light and sound.
and Sound
                               2. Describe the principles of waves and energy transfer.

                               3.. Demonstrate that waves transfer energy without transferring
                                  matter.

                               4. Distinguish between different types of waves.

                               5. Distinguish between a wave and a pulse.

                               6. Define wavelength, frequency, period, and amplitude.

                               7.. Use an equation that relates speed, wavelength and frequency.

                               8. Examine sound waves.

                               9. Describe how the speed of sound is dependent on the
                                  temperature and relative density of the medium.

                              10. Define Doppler shift.

                              11. Explore resonance.

                              12. Investigate the characteristics of light.

                              13. Recognize that light is an electromagnetic wave.
                            14. Recognize that light travels in straight lines

                            15. State the speed of light and use it to solve problems.

                            16. Define diffraction of light.

                            17. Examine the properties of reflection and refraction.

                            18. Sate the law of refraction.

                            19. State Snell’s Law and be able to solve refraction situations.

                            20. Explain total internal reflection.

                            21. Investigate the characteristics of light using mirrors and
                                lenses.

                            22. Describe the images produced by plane, concave, and convex
                                mirrors.

                            23. Distinguish between real and virtual images.

                            24. Diagram the location of images.

                            25. Calculate the location of images using the ray equation and
                                ray diagrams.

                            26. Study the atomic structure.

                            27. Describe the model of an atom.

                            28. Explore fission, fusion, mass/energy transformation

                            29. Explain radioactive decay.

                            30. Consider fundamental particles, and the standard model.

NOTES:

  1. Open-ended, hands-on labs employing appropriate technologies will be integrated
     throughout the above curriculum. An extensive laboratory investigation sequence is a
     key component of this curriculum.

  2. College Preparatory Conceptual Physics will follow the same content objectives listed
     above. The key differences between the CP course, and the conceptual CP course are the
     textbook used (Paul Hewitt’s Conceptual Physis), a reduction in depth of mathematics
     employed in situational analysis and problem solving, and in the rigor of tests, lab
     investigations and end of term exams.

				
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