Physics – College Preparatory Motion in a Straight Line 1. Examine the relationship between velocity and acceleration. 2. Distinguish vector quantities, such as velocity and displacement, from scalar quantities such as distance and speed. 3. Demonstrate the ability to calculate average velocity. 4. Calculate velocity, acceleration, and displacement for a variety of situations using standard acceleration equations. 5. Demonstrate the units of measure and precision by using an appropriate measuring device for an application. 6. Examine motion in free-fall. 7. Explore why all objects are accelerated equally by gravity. 8. Use acceleration of gravity in conjunction with standard acceleration equations. 9. Explore the relationship of vectors. 10. Show an ability to add vectors using both the graphical method and mathematical method. 11. Examine the addition of forces and be able to solve force vector problems. Graphical Analysis of 1. Plot position-time graphs. Motion 2. Interpret position-time graphs to calculate velocity and direction. 3. Plot velocity-time graphs. 4. Interpret a velocity-time graph. 5. Investigate the meaning of the area under the curve and calculate the displacement from such a graph. Examine Kinematics 1. State Newton’s three laws of motion and display an understanding of their applications. 2. Use Newton’s second law in problem solving. 3. Distinguish between mass and weight. 4. Use fundamental force to explain and make predictions about motion changes in systems. 5. Interpret graphs in order to plot the path an object follows. Be able to transfer this information from one type of graph to another. 6. Formulate an experimental design to test a given mechanics hypothesis. Principles of Momentum 1. Perform investigations into behavior of objects. 2. Formulate relationships between momentum and impulse. 3. Examine the law of conservation of momentum and use it in collision analyses. Motion in Two Dimensions 1. Investigate projectile motion. 2. Explain that the path of a projectile is a trajectory. 3. Examine the independence of vertical and horizontal velocities of a projectile. 4. Demonstrate the centripetal acceleration of objects in circular motion. 5. Describe the motion of satellites in terms of their velocities in orbit. Universal Gravitation 1. Investigate of universal gravitation. 2. Demonstrate how Kepler’s laws resulted in Newton’s law of gravitation. 3. Calculate the weight of an object and the acceleration due to gravity using Newton’s law of gravitation. 4. Demonstrate that the gravitational force is proportional to the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two objects. Work and Power 1. Examine work and power. 2. Calculate work done by a force. 3. Demonstrate that work is dependent upon the force and the distance of an object. 4. Investigate how simple machines affect the work done on a system. 5. Explain and calculate M.A.,I.M.A., and the efficiency of a simple machine. 6. Analyze collisions of particles in one dimension to determine unknown masses or velocities, and calculate how much kinetic energy is lost in a collision. 7. Identify those situations in which work is done and is not done. Principles of Total Energy 1. Investigate the principles of total energy conservation in Conservation in Systems systems. 2. Explore energy and its conservation. 3. Define kinetic and potential energy. 4. State and apply the law of conservation of energy. 5. Examine thermal energy systems. 6. Convert Celsius to Kelvin temperature. 7. Define temperature and distinguish it from thermal energy. 8. State the laws of thermodynamics. 9. Define entropy. 10. Calculate potential and kinetic energies for different locations for a free falling object. 11. Show that the law of conservation of energy is used to predict the outcome of a mixing. 12. Predict the final temperature of a mixture. 13. Calculate and use specific and latent heats. Principles of Electricity 1. Investigate the basic principles of electricity and and Magnetism magnetism. 2. Explore the basic properties of electrostatics. 3. Describe the characteristics of charged objects. 4. State the differences between conductors and insulators. 5. State Coulomb’s Law and how the force depends on amount of charge and charge separation. 6. Examine electric currents. 7. Define an electric field and explain how to measure it. 8. Solve problems relating field, force, and charge. 9. Investigate electrical circuits. 10. Draw series and parallel circuits. 11. Demonstrate Ohm’s Law and how it relates voltage, current, and resistance. Principles in Fluid Statics 1. Investigate the basic principles in fluid statics and dynamics. and Dynamics 2. Understand the determinates of fluid pressure and buoyancy. 3. Become familiar with Pascal’s principles and Bernoulli’s Principle. Characteristics of Light 1. Analyze and discuss characteristics of light and sound. and Sound 2. Describe the principles of waves and energy transfer. 3.. Demonstrate that waves transfer energy without transferring matter. 4. Distinguish between different types of waves. 5. Distinguish between a wave and a pulse. 6. Define wavelength, frequency, period, and amplitude. 7.. Use an equation that relates speed, wavelength and frequency. 8. Examine sound waves. 9. Describe how the speed of sound is dependent on the temperature and relative density of the medium. 10. Define Doppler shift. 11. Explore resonance. 12. Investigate the characteristics of light. 13. Recognize that light is an electromagnetic wave. 14. Recognize that light travels in straight lines 15. State the speed of light and use it to solve problems. 16. Define diffraction of light. 17. Examine the properties of reflection and refraction. 18. Sate the law of refraction. 19. State Snell’s Law and be able to solve refraction situations. 20. Explain total internal reflection. 21. Investigate the characteristics of light using mirrors and lenses. 22. Describe the images produced by plane, concave, and convex mirrors. 23. Distinguish between real and virtual images. 24. Diagram the location of images. 25. Calculate the location of images using the ray equation and ray diagrams. 26. Study the atomic structure. 27. Describe the model of an atom. 28. Explore fission, fusion, mass/energy transformation 29. Explain radioactive decay. 30. Consider fundamental particles, and the standard model. NOTES: 1. Open-ended, hands-on labs employing appropriate technologies will be integrated throughout the above curriculum. An extensive laboratory investigation sequence is a key component of this curriculum. 2. College Preparatory Conceptual Physics will follow the same content objectives listed above. The key differences between the CP course, and the conceptual CP course are the textbook used (Paul Hewitt’s Conceptual Physis), a reduction in depth of mathematics employed in situational analysis and problem solving, and in the rigor of tests, lab investigations and end of term exams.
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