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					Olivier Messiaen
    1908-1992
                          Timeline
   1908 – Born in Avignon (December 11)
   1914 – Father joins army/moves with mother and
    brother to Grenoble
   1919 – Family moves to Paris/studies at the Paris
    Conservatoire with Dupré, Dukas, Emmanuel, and
    Widor
   1931 – Becomes organist at the church of La
    Trinité in Paris
   1932 – Marries Claire Delbos
   1936 – “La Jeune France”
   1937 – Birth of son, Pascal/O Sacrum Convivium!
   1939 – Called to military service as medical
    auxiliary
   1940 – Taken prisoner of war/Quatuor pour la fin
    du temps
   1944 – Wrote “Technique de mon langage
    musical”
   1959 – Death of first wife
   1961 – Marries Yvonne Loriod
   1966 – Becomes professor of composition at Paris
    Conservatoire
   (lots of composing/teaching until…)
   1992 – Messiaen dies (April 28)
              O Sacrum Convivium
                        O Sacred Banquet

   O sacrum convivium,               O sacred banquet,
    in quo Christus sumitur:           in which Christ is received,
    recolitur memoria passionis        the memory of His Passion is
    eius;                              renewed,
    mens impletur gratia et            the mind is filled with grace,
    futurae gloriae nobis pignus       and a pledge of future glory is
    datur.                             given to us.
O sacred banquet! in which Christ is received:
the memory of His Passion is renewed; the mind is filled with grace,
the mind is filled with grace. O sacred, sacred…
sacred, sacred, O sacred banquet, in which Christ is received,
the mind is filled with grace, and a pledge of future glory
is given to us, Alleluia.
O sacred, sacred banquet!
                              Bibliography
   Hill, Peter, ed. The Messiaen Companion. Portland: Amadeus P, 1994.
   Glasow, E Thomas, trans. Olivier Messiaen: Music and Color, Conversations with Claude
    Samuel. Portland: Amadeus P, 1986.
   Johnson, Robert S. Messiaen. Berkely and Los Angeles, CA: University of California P,
    1975.
   Hill, Peter and Nigel Simeone. Messiaen. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 2005.
   "O Sacred Banquet (O Sacrum Convivium)." Society of St. Pius X, District of Great Britain.
    2005. 19 Apr. 2006 <http://www.sspx.co.uk/prayers.php?id=203>.
   "Olivier Messiaen." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 24 Apr 2006, 09:36 UTC. 26 Apr
    2006, 09:04
    <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Olivier_Messiaen&oldid=49894440>.
   London Sinfonietta. "O Sacrum Convivium!" By Olivier Messiaen. Rec. Aug. 1990.
    Messiaen: Trois Petites Liturgies. Virgin Classics Limited.

				
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