Art and Architecture in Central Middle Ages

Document Sample
Art and Architecture in Central Middle Ages Powered By Docstoc
					  ART AND
ARCHITECTURE
In Central Middle Ages
    翻译071 孙颖琼
ART AND ARCHITECTURE
• The most extraordinary buildings of the Middle
  Ages were the churches
• Toward the end of the 11th century Romanesque
  罗马式的
• in the mid-12th century , in the next few
  centuries , Gothic哥特式的
  Romanesque Architecture
• The most characteristic feature is the round arch (拱门)
• Doors, windows, vaults(地下室),supports the ceiling,
  tunnel(隧道)-like appearance
• Large, with thick stone walls to hold the weight
• Inside the church, the walls were decorated with paintings
  of important religious scenes or events
• Outside, many Romanesque churches had three portals(入
  口), or doorways
• The central one was the main entrance
Pisa Cathedral
     Gothic Architecture
• Churches built in the Gothic style are higher and more
  compact than Romanesque churches
• pointed arches rather than round ones
• do not have walls that bear the weight of the vault , flying
  buttresses飞供
• The inside looks delicate, the outside looks like a
  porcupine箭猪 bristling with flying buttresses
• In this way Gothic churches express a mystery
• The Gothic style became popular for city churches,
  especially large cathedrals
Milan Cathedral . .
               Other Arts
• Sculpture played an important role in both Romanesque
  and Gothic churches
• the scenes on Romanesque columns(圆柱) are often
  carved in relief—that is, they are not fully three-
  dimensional or carved in the round
• Gothic sculpture, in contrast, is usually freestanding and
  fully three-dimensional
• Gothic sculpture is much animated and
  lifelike/Romanesque is stylized and linear
Comparison of the two styles of church building


                     Romanesque                 Gothic
                      churches                 churches
       Time          1000 to 1150AD          1150 to 1250AD

    Arch shape             round                  pointed

    Wall to hold        have walls           no wall but flying
                                                buttresses
    the weight
     Sculpture        1、not fully three-    1、freestanding and
                    dimensional/carved in fully three-dimensional
                         the round           2、 animated and
                   2、 stylized and linear1         lifelike



       Others           three portals        Inside differs from
                                                   outside

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:22
posted:1/15/2012
language:
pages:11