Historically Black Colleges and Universities - Tripod by dfhdhdhdhjr

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									Historically Black Colleges and
        Universities
      HBCU’s with an Religious
             Affiliation
Background information about the
Education of African Americans
• 1800-1861
  – Understood the value of an education
  – Most educated blacks lived in the north
  – Some educated in the south in secret
  – Early education done through the church
  – Various religious organizations created
    schools to educate blacks
  – 1827, seminary created for black women in
    Georgetown
  Supporters behind the education

• Very few black children were allowed to
  attend public schools
• Various religious organizations
• Most free blacks were apart of the church
• Used this connection to help created
  schools for black children
• Black churches a strong factor
  – Help build the schools and supply the
    teachers
Connection the creation of HBCU’s

• The connection that you will see between
 these schools and HBCU’s is that these
 religious organizations would not only help
 fund some of the HBCU’s but also provide
 them with leadership and teachers both
 black and white.
          Society 1896-1954

• Race relations
  – End of the Civil War
  – Reconstruction period
  – Southern Whites still angry over the war and
    seeing blacks in leadership positions
  – Aftermath of the Reconstruction period
            Society 1896-1954
• Laws
  – Emancipation Proclamation
  – Morrill Land Grant Act 1862, 1890
  – Separate but equal doctrine
     • Affected northern initiations as well
     • Southern institutions set up scholarships for black
       students
     • Missouri ex rel. Gaines vs. Canada (1938)
         – Force southern states to give more resources to HBCU
          Society 1896-1954

• Effects on HBCU’s
  – Helped create additional HBCU’s
  – Provide an educational outlet for blacks
  – Highly intelligent black students were able to
    grow within a supportive environment
  – Lack of funds (buildings, research, etc)
                   HBCU’s

• 1865-1877
• 106 2-4 year public and private institutions
  – Majority of HBCU’s created during this period
  – Individual, agencies such as the Freedman
    Aid, and religious organizations
  – Media coverage limited to black northern
    newspapers
  – Land grant
     • Booker T. Washington philosophy
                      HBCU’s
The Missions and Goals
– Determine by the individuals or groups funding the
  institution
– Initiations funded by Northern industrial leaders
    • Agriculture
    • Skill labor work
   Mr. Washington idea of leadership is teaching others to be self
    sufficient. Developing the knowledge about being proficient
    in a specific type of work or activity
                      HBCU

• Religious Affiliation
  – Involvement came from various religious
    organizations
  – Mostly Northern religious organizations
     • American Missionary Association
     • Southern Education Society of the Methodist
       Episcopal Church
     • Most blacks were educated at these private
       institutions
                       HBCU

• Effect on student life
  – Usually surrounded by various churches
  – Sunday Morning
  – Very conservative
     • No coed housing (opposite sex no even allowed in
       the building at anytime)
     • No alcohol
                     Influence
• Curriculum
• W.E.B. DuBois (educated at Harvard)
  – Liberal, science, black leaders, culture
  – Classical liberal education (like most other institutions
    during this period)
  – Trained to be teachers, preachers and professionals
  – Some trained students solely to become clergymen
     • Morehouse
                   Funding

• Investors
  – The church that it was affiliated with
  – Mostly northern religious organizations
  – Local black population
     • Provided free labor and other resources
                Examples

• Spellman College - 1881
  – The school was founded by the Women’s
    American Baptist Home Mission Society.
  – The missionaries’ intent was to convert blacks
    to Christianity
  – The missionaries believed that black
    intellectuals could help achieve political and
    economic freedom for blacks
  – Liberal Arts curriculum
                 Example

• Bennet College - 1873
  – United Methodist Church Related
  – Founded by new free slaves
  – Funding mostly came from the black church
    members
                Conclusion

• Impact
  – Award 1/3 of all B.A. to African Americans
  – 42% of all blacks awarded PhD came from a
    HBCU
  – Lincoln University in Pennsylvania graduates
    20% of black doctors and 10% of Lawyers in
    the U.S.
            Life at a HBCU

• Student Life
  – HBCU’s asked refugee scholars from Germany
    to teach at HBCU’s.
  – From Swastka to Jim Crow
               Additional facts
• Fisk University – 1st HBCU to be awarded
    university status in 1967
•   Howard – chartered by the Federal government
    in 1867
•   North Carolina Central University – first state
    supported liberal arts institution in 1923
•   Tuskegee Univ – produce the most black
    engineers.
•   Cheyney Univ – 1st HBCU created in 1837
•   Wilberfore Univ – 1st to have a black president.
                HBCU Quiz

• States
  – AL, AR, CA, DE, DC, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MD,
    MI, MS, MO, NY, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX,
    VI, VA, WV

  All of them
Questions/Comments

								
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