Harvard Law School (PowerPoint download) by dandanhuanghuang


									Harvard Law School

         Bernard Koteen
Office of Public Interest Advising

1L Job Search Strategy: Domestic
                Next 3 Years
•   Figure out what you want to do
•   Demonstrate commitment to public service
•   Develop marketable skills
•   Build a track record in particular areas
•   Have a coherent story
•   Find good mentors/faculty/recommenders
•   Get into networks
    What Employers Are Looking For At Graduation
• Practical work experience in public interest
      – Clinics count
      – Some employers will look for experience in their particular practice
        setting/issue area (e.g., environmental law, prosecution or defense)
• Interpersonal skills
      – Work well as part of a team
      – Likeable colleague
      – Important to convey the above (and energy!) in interviews
• Writing skills
      – Not just traditional legal writing, but also audience/methods
•    Multicultural facility
•    Initiative
•    Creativity
•    Language
•    Client contact (for some positions)
• Exposure to different practice settings and
  types of lawyering
• 2-month trial
• No constraints
• Develop experience/skills/network
          Job Search Considerations
• Practice Setting
   – Nonprofit vs. government vs. private public interest, etc.
• Issue Area
   – Education, environment, criminal, etc.
• Type of Work
   – Litigation vs. policy vs. transactional vs. advising
   – Impact-oriented vs. client-oriented
• Work Environment
   –   Small vs. large
   –   Formal vs. informal
   –   Building on experience you have already/branching out?
   –   Structure/supervision
• Game Plan/Overall Strategy
   – Balance summers vs. term-time options
 Job Search Considerations Cont’d
• Skill Development
   – Federal government: research and writing
   – Legal services: client interaction, cultural
     competency, language
   – Public defense: oral advocacy, research and
     writing, work with indigent clients
   – Prosecution: trial experience, oral advocacy
   – Nonprofit: research and writing, fundraising,
     community outreach, language
• Soft Skills
   – Interpersonal skills key
            State of the Market
• Public sector lagging behind private sector in
• BUT, mostly good news for law students
  bringing their own summer funding
  – Many organizations anticipate hosting more
    unpaid law students this summer
     • A few exceptions
            Practice Area Growth
• Civil Legal Services: Bankruptcy, Consumer, Disability,
  Employment, Immigration, Healthcare, Housing, and Public
• Federal Government: Consumer Protection, Energy, Antitrust
  & Immigration
• Public Defender: Juvenile Defense, Immigration, & Appellate
• Local Prosecutor: Cybercrime, Elder Abuse, & Non-Violent
• Nonprofit: Disability, Education, Environment (Climate
  Change/Water Rights), Healthcare, Housing, & Immigration
If you have no idea what you want
              to do…

•   Events (including webcasts)
•   Specialty guides/resources
•   Wassersteins and other visitors/alumni
•   Self-assessment exercises
 Once you have some ideas (or if
        you are stuck)…
• Meet with an OPIA advisor to develop an
  individual game plan
• Create your personal job search timetable
• Develop a list of organizations to target
  – No more than two types
  – Evaluations in OPIA job search database
            Researching Employers:
              General Resources
• OPIA database (w/student evaluations)
   – Geography, issue area, practice setting, type of work
   – Search by “organization,” not “position”
• PSLawNet
   – Geography, issue area, practice setting, type of work
• OPIA website links
• Fellow students
   – Who worked where
   – Student-to-student job fair
   – Personal contacts
• Alumni mentors
   – Alumni Advising Network
• Faculty
   – OPIA faculty guide
                   Researching Employers:
                     Specific Resources
• OPIA specialty guides
   – Issue area and practice setting based (note: some listings outdated)
• Federal government
   –   Arizona Government Honors and Internship Handbook
   –   NALP guide to Federal Government Employment
   –   Westlaw Federal Careers for Attorneys resource
   –   OPIA administrative law guide
   –   Leadership directories
• State and local government
   –   PSLawNet state and local government resource
   –   OPIA guide to state and local government
   –   Georgetown OPICS Attorney General guide
   –   Leadership directories
• Nonprofits
   – Arizona public policy guide
   – NLADA website
   – Idealist
• Employer websites
                         Finding a Job
• Independently pursue employers of interest
    • OPIA database (remember: search by organization, not position)
• Respond to postings (note: only a small fraction of summer positions are
    – Weekly jobs email every Thursday
    – OPIA database (position search will bring up postings)
    – PSLawNet
• Spring Interview Program
    – Run by OCS
    – OPIA advertises public service employers
    – Interviews in February/March
• Job Fairs
    – MA Consortium: January 26-27, 2012
• Networking
    –   Alumni (OPIA, AAN)
    –   Wassersteins
    –   Events
    –   Faculty
• Approximately 20-25 employers, depending on
  geographic/practice setting flexibility/preexisting
• Timing
   – Deadlines to pay attention to:
      • Federal government (including DOJ/USAOs): apply by the
        December holidays (does not need to be Dec. 1)
      • National nonprofits (e.g., ACLU, CCR, etc.): apply by the December
        holidays (does not need to be Dec. 1)

• Follow up
         Application Materials
• Resume
  – Webcast
  – “Job Search Toolkit” includes tips and samples
• Cover letter
  – “Job Search Toolkit” includes tips and samples
• OPIA drop-off service available for review
  – Only submit after revising per OPIA
  – 4-5 business days
              Other Materials

• Writing sample (5-10 pages)
• References
  – Professional v. academic
• Transcripts
• Note: interviews often critical
• Split summers
• Rolling offers
  – Do not reneg on an accepted offer
• Security clearances
• Online presence
• Professionalism
• Apply for summer funding
   – Deadline: December 16, 2011 (don’t need to finalize plans until
     April 2012)
   – SPIF is mix of:
        • Law school grants
        • Work-study
        • Auction funds (don’t forget to work for the auction)
   – Last year, $6,500 cap
   – 519 students funded last summer
• HLS supplemental funding
   –   Chayes fellowships
   –   HRP fellowships
   –   Heyman fellowships
   –   Alumni and other summer fellowships
• Use PSLawNet to identify additional summer funding
 Beyond Your Summer: Other Ways to
    Build Public Sector Experience

• Student practice groups
• Pro bono program
• Clinicals and externships (including
  independent clinicals/winter term)
• Research assistantships/writing projects
• Journals
            Keeping Up to Date
•   Weekly emails and archives
•   OPIA events calendar
•   1L timetable
•   OPIA jobs database profile

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