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Alcohol

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					           Alcohol
A depressant drug found in wine, beer,
and liquor. It can change the physical
         and emotional state.
        Alcohol Effects on Body
   Irritation of mouth, throat, esophagus, and
    stomach. Nausea and vomiting
   Blood vessels dilate so heart works harder
   Lose body heat making the person feel warm
    and look flushed
   Makes liver work harder (can only break down 1
    drink per hour)
   Can cause dehydration
    Functioning Levels of the Brain
   1. Intellectual
    Function
   Reasoning
   Standards
   Morals
   This keeps you from
    saying or doing the
    right things. Alcohol
    makes you less
    inhibited.
         2. Emotional Function
   Emotions are in
    charge
   Laugh
    uncontrollably (cry,
    angry, act wild)
   Intellect controls
    emotion but not the
    intellect is
    depressed.
             3. Motor Function
   Balance impaired
   Judgment impaired

   Alcohol has depressed
    the part of the brain
    that controls motor
    skills
      4. Semi-voluntary Function
   We can consciously
    control these functions
    but so can the body.
    Alcohol depresses the
    body’s ability to
    control them.
   Swallow – drooling
   Blink – red eyes
         5. Involuntary Functions
   These are functions
    that the body controls.
    Once alcohol has
    effected this level, the
    body is not capable of
    controlling these.

   Digestion
   Libido
             6. Vital Functions
   Death will occur if
    these functions are
    depressed
   A period of
    unconsciousness or
    coma will occur as a
    body’s response.

   Respiratory
   Cardio
         Short Term Effects
 Nausea
 Vomiting            Poor vision
 Dehydration         Memory loss

 Loss of judgment    Blackout

  and self-control    Coma

 Reduced reaction    Death
  time
            Long Term Effects
   Brain: shrunken brain, dead brain cells
   Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach: bleeding,
    cancer
   Heart: Irregular heart beat, enlargement ,
    anemia
   Immune System: diminished function
   Liver: Hepatitis, cirrhosis, cancer
   Small Intestine: decreased ability to absorb
    vitamins
               Alcohol Terms
   Blood Alcohol Content (BAC)-concentration
    of alcohol in a person’s blood.
   BAC of 0.08 – a person is legally impaired
   BAC of 0.02 – under 21
   Binge Drinking-drinking 5 or more drinks in
    one sitting
   Alcohol Poisoning-8 or more in an hour causes
    areas of the brain that control breathing and
    heart rate to become dangerously depressed
                   Alcoholism

   A disease that causes a person to lose control of
    their drinking behavior.
   Physically and emotionally addicted to alcohol.
   Suffer physical symptoms when they do not have
    alcohol.
   Develops over time but no one knows exactly how
    long of time. Everyone is different.
   Develops in stages.
    Stages Leading to Alcoholism
   Problem Drinking- drinker cannot drink
    alcohol in moderation or at appropriate times.
   Tolerance- Drinker needs more alcohol to
    produce the same effect.
   Dependence- Drinker’s body needs alcohol to
    function normally.
   Alcoholism- Drinker has lost control of his
    drinking behavior.
      Risk Factors for Alcoholism
   AGE-Teens that begin drinking early are more
    likely to develop alcoholism
   SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT-Hanging out
    with friends that drink may influence a person to
    drink.
   GENETICS-Alcoholism tends to run in
    families
   RISK-TAKING PERSONALITY-People that
    are impulsive are at greater risk for alcoholism
     Warning Signs of Alcoholism
   Drinking to deal with           Drinking more for the
    anger, frustration,              same high
    disappointment                  Drinking alone
   Changing friends,               Drinking to get drunk
    personal habits, interests      Experiencing memory
   Being defensive about            lapses as a result of
    drinking                         drinking alcohol
   Feeling depressed
    Alcoholism Affects the Family
   Guilty feelings
   Unpredictable behavior
   Violence
   Neglect and isolation
   Protecting the alcoholic
   Ignoring one’s own needs
        Alcohol and Pregnancy
Heavy drinking during pregnancy can lead to fetal
 alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Children with FAS have various physical
 deformities and mental retardation. FAS is the
 leading preventable cause of mental retardation
      Alcoholism Affects Society
   ACCIDENTS THAT KILL
   MURDER
   FAMILY VIOLENCE, ABUSE, RAPE
   MORE SICKNESS (like tobacco)
   TREATING ALCOHOL ABUSE
          Alcoholism Treatment
   Alcoholism is as disease that can be treated
   Hardest part is overcoming withdrawal from
    alcohol: extreme nervousness, headaches, chills,
    nausea, seizures, uncontrollable shakes.
   Inpatient; outpatient treatments
   AA involves 12 step recovery
   Al-Anon and Alateen- programs providing
    treatment and support to the families of
    alcoholics
             Teens and Alcohol
   No. 1 cause of death among teens is motor
    vehicle accidents; most of which are alcohol
    related.
   All driving skills are impaired by alcohol
     Slows reaction time
     Affects your vision
     Makes you drowsy
     Reduces your coordination
     Affects your judgment
         Teens and Alcohol
 The  law: illegal to drink under age 21
 Get home safe and sober:

   Don’t drink

   Plan ahead; DD

   Parent’s pick-up

   Call a cab
         Myths & Facts about Alcohol…
           Myths                                   Facts
You cant get as drunk from       A bottle of beer, glass of wine, & a wine
beer, wine or wine coolers       cooler all have around the same amount
as you can from “hard            of alcohol as a shot of “hard liquor”.
liquor” like vodka and           There for they are just as intoxicating.
scotch
Alcohol cant be as               Not everyone show the effects of alcohol
dangerous as illicit drugs       in the same way. Even people who seem
because it is easily available   completely sober are dangerous drivers if
to people over the age of        they have been drinking
21.
A person who looks and           Even though alcohol is a legal drug for
acts sober is sober              Americans over 21, when it is abused it is
                                 just as dangerous as many illicit drugs
 Your Future at Risk
Drinking and Jail
Drinking and Sexual Activity

Drinking and Driving

Drinking and Teen Brains

				
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posted:1/14/2012
language:English
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