Docstoc

Aim How was Mesopotamia a civilization

Document Sample
Aim How was Mesopotamia a civilization Powered By Docstoc
					Aim: Why did the first civilization
   develop in Mesopotamia?


     Do Now: If you could choose to
   live anywhere in the U.S. or world,
     where would you live and why?
• How did Mesopotamia get its
  name?
• What does this say about
  Mesopotamia?
• Why did people choose to live
  there?
      Mesopotamia
• “Land between the rivers”
EARLY CIVILIZATIONS


          1




   1 = Mesopotamia
 Label the following geographical
 features on your map:
1. Fertile Crescent

2. Tigris and Euphrates
   Rivers

3. Mediterranean Sea
     Geographic Features


• Rivers
• Open plains
• Arid
       Present Day Country



Iraq
Importance of location by a river
 • Fertile land for farming
 • Irrigation systems
 • Trade and communication
What does a society need to
 have in order to be called a
       “civilization”?
1.   Cities
2.   Government
3.   Organized religion
4.   Job specialization
5.   Social classes
6.   Arts and architecture
7.   Public works
8.   Writing
•Ur, Babylon, Kish, Erech

                      1. Cities
  2. Government




•Hammurabi’s Code
     3. Organized religion




•Ziggurats: pyramid like temples
     3. Organized religion




•Polytheism: belief in many gods
                             4. Job
                          Specialization




•Artisan: Craftsman (weaver, carpenter)
5. Social Classes
            Priests/Nobles
               Warriors
              Merchants
           Peasant farmers
                Slaves
    6. Art and Architecture




•Painting         •Step Pyramids
Standard
  of Ur
        Economic Structure
• Irrigation led to:
   • Trade and commerce
• Trade led to:
   • Barter system (no money used)
                        7. Public
                          Works




•Irrigation Systems


       •Defense Walls
Wall Street
           8. Writing




•Cuneiform: wedge shaped writing
• Reason for writing system
 • Keep track of buying and selling
 • Scribes kept accurate records of
   business transactions by writing
   on clay tablets
Advances in learning and technology

          Number
          system
         based on
            60
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/
player/kids/people-places-kids/iraq-
mesopotamia-kids.html
    “Sumerian City Planning”

• What do city planners have to take
  into account when mapping out a
  city?

• How does the geography shape the
  actions of city planners?
  Hanging Gardens of Babylon




According to accounts, the gardens were built to cheer up King
Nebuchadnezzar's homesick wife, Amyitis. Amyitis, daughter of
the king of the Medes, was married to Nebuchadnezzar to create
an alliance between the nations. The land she came from,
though, was green, rugged and mountainous, and she found
the flat, sun-baked terrain of Mesopotamia depressing. The king
decided to recreate her homeland by building an artificial
mountain with rooftop gardens.
              Epic of Gilgamesh

• Tells the story of a
  great flood

• How did geography
  shape life during
  this time?


    Teaches story that only gods are immortal.
    Humans have to deal with the pain of death.
• Why was Mesopotamia
   called the “Cradle of
       Civilization”?
         Summary
• Why were the people of
  Mesopotamia able to build a
  great civilization?

• At what point does a
  civilization become an
  empire?
             Key Vocabulary
•   City-states
•   Polytheistic - believed in many gods
•   Ziggurats – pyramid like temples
•   Ruler – enforced law, collected taxes,
    maintained irrigation systems
•   Cuneiform – wedge shaped writing
•   Social structure
•   Trade
•   Theocracy – government based on
    divine authority

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:1/14/2012
language:simple
pages:38