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Biometrics What is it

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					Biometrics
 Members:
 Cordaro, Justin
 Manigrassi, Matthew
 Nawa, Joseph
 To, Vy
 Tracy, Michael
      Biometrics: What is it?
         Human recognition based
          on physical characteristics
         Used in Identity Access
          Management (IAM), Access
          Control, and Surveillance
         Used as a replacement for
          passwords




Courtesy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biometrics, 2009; http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_biometrics, 2005
      Biometric Classes
         Characteristics divided into
            two main classes:
               Physiological
               Behavioral




Courtesy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biometrics, 2009
      Business Drivers
         Entry Control
         ATMs
         Government Programs
         Combination of iris
            recognition, fingerprint
            analysis, and voice
            recognition




Courtesy http://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02/biometrics/now.html, 2001
      Parameters and Functions
        Parameters:                                            Functions:
           Acceptability                                          Identification
           Circumvention                                          Verification
           Collectability
           Performance
           Permanence
           Uniqueness
           Universality




Courtesy http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_biometrics, 2009
When will it be ready?
 Voice and Face Verification
    Banking
    aren’t ready yet
 Iris Scanning
    most accurate
    Most expensive
 Finger Scanning
    14th century by Joao De Barros
    is accurate and most popular
    has some issues
Key Risks
 Encourage crimes-Malaysia’s example
 Fake Fingerprint :
  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E20lHqbWqN4
Technologies Biometrics May
Replace
 Keys
 Tokens
-Biometrics are never lost or stolen
 Passwords
 Pin Numbers
-Biometrics can never be forgotten
COMPANIES USING BIOMETRICS
           Devon Bank                                 YMCA
            (Wheeling, IL)                 (Various Locations in California)
 A full-service bank chain operating    The YMCA is a nonprofit community
  in Chicago and its suburbs.             service organization.
Devon Bank
 Devon Bank integrated the US
  Biometrics multi-authentication security
  products.
     Fingerprint recognition


 Goal : Increasing security and adding
  convenience to everyday tasks for its
  employees.

 Success: US Biometrics is making
  employee access to entryways,
  networks, and software easier and
  faster. It has also improved customer
  identity security and securely
  addressed risk assessment procedures
  required by regulators.
YMCA
 The YMCA was faced with the problem
   of approximately 200 children waiting in
   line for about 45 minutes each day to
   sign-in for their YMCA after school
   programs.

 Goal: Integrating Bio-TimeClock to
   reduce the long waiting time.
    Bio-TimeClock is a PC-based
      fingerprint software for
      employee/customer time data
      capture.

 Success: Bio-TimeClock decreased the
   waiting time from 45 minutes to 15
   minutes. It also identified the children's’
   attendance and what program they were
   attending.
Who does biometrics threaten?
 The security industry is the most threatened by new
  developments in physiological identification due to the
  advance of computer processing and the reduction in
  the price of biometric technology.

 Any employee who works in an industry that relies on
  human interactions could be replaced by the
  implementation of a biometrics system.
   Banking, Retail, Security Personnel
  Brown Doug, Biometrics Not Just Fantasy Anymore, Inter@ctive Week, Vol. 7 Issue
     38, p104, 1/2p
Industries threatened by Biometrics
 Security
    International Border Security and Control
    Airport Security
    Private Security – Temples own Allied Barton
 Key and Locksmith – There are 250 million registered vehicles
  and 125 million homes in the U.S., all of which require keys to
  access.
 Issuers of personal identification cards
    Licenses, Passports, Credit Cards
   Shifrin Tash, Biometric standards will cover ID cards, Computer Weekly; 9/6/2005,
      p18-18, 1/6p
Integration is Key.The rise of computers in the
                                         
 Although the advancement of                workplace illustrates that business’
  biometrics may make some                   can easily implement new
  industries obsolete, the majority of       technology that will cut costs, boost
  business’ will benefit if they can         productivity, and decrease the
  successfully adopt these emerging          workforce.
  technologies.
                                          As the industry continues to grow
 As biometrics become less                  exponentially the workers that are
  expensive and more user friendly,          at the front lines of service
  business’ must learn to integrate          industries will be the most
  this technology or risk becoming           threatened by the emergence of
  unprofitable.                              physiologically interactive
                                             machines.
Will It be Successful?
Biometrics offer the highest security,
  convenience, speed, and efficiency compared
  to any other form of authentication.
The US Government is currently spending 1
  billion dollars to create a biometric database.
  The market size in Germany for biometrics will
  increase from 12million € in ‘04 to 377 € in
  ‘09.
Successful(continued)
 Keeping in mind the advantages over current forms of
  authentication and the expenditure by the power countries
  of the world to develop this technology, we believe it will
  absolutely be a success and will be the main form of
  authentication in the next 5-10 years.
 Our conclusion is not unfounded: An overwhelming majority
  of IT bosses -11 out of the 12-man silicon.com CIO Jury IT
  user panel--predicted biometrics will overcome the current
  technical and standards issues to be a more user-friendly
  and secure alternative to passwords.
References
   "Biometrics." CIPPIC. http://www.cippic.ca/biometrics/
   "Biometrics: Will Digital Fingerprints, Iris Scans and Speaker Recognitio Soon Replace passwords and PIN"
    ZD NetAsia. http://www.zdnetasia.com/insight/security/0,39044829,39311372,00.htm.
   Brown Doug, Biometrics Not Just Fantasy Anymore, Inter@ctive Week, Vol. 7 Issue 38, p104, 1/2p
   Courtesy http://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02/biometrics/now.html, 2001
   Courtesy http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_biometrics 2009

   Daniels, Rhianna. “ Bank integrates biometrics for physical, logical acccess.” Security Director News. April 14,
    2009. http://www.securitydirectornews.com/?p=article&id=sd200904Q4Ebzs.
   “Fingerprint Technology for YMCA®Time and Attendance.” M2SYS Accelerated Biometrics.
    http://www.m2sys.com/casestudies/Golden-State-YMCA-Case-Study.pdf. Case Study Done by the company
    M2SYS (No Author). Accessed on 4/20/2009
   "Individual Biometrics." CTL. http://ctl.ncsc.dni.us/biomet%20web/BMIndividuals.html
   Mccue, Andy. "Will biometrics replace passwords and PINS?" ZD NetAsia. Feb. 21, 2006.
    http://www.zdnetasia.com/insight/security/0,39044829,39311372,00.htm.
   Salex, Negar "Biometrics far from ready when it comes to authentication." SC Magazine. May 23, 2008.
    http://www.securecomputing.net.au/News/112019,biometrics-far-from-ready-when-it-comes-to-
    authentication.aspx
   Sawyer, Robert. "Are Biometrics Ready For Showtime?" Amalog. 2001.
    http://www.amag.com/documents/AMAG_Are_Biometrics_Ready_Article.pdf
   Shifrin Tash, Biometric standards will cover ID cards, Computer Weekly; 9/6/2005, p18-18, 1/6p
   Yu, Eileen. "Facing Biometrics' limits" CNET. http://news.cnet.com/Facing-biometrics-limits/2100-1029_3-6086777.html

				
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