DAILY NEWS BULLETIN AND SA EDITORIAL COMMENT 20001208 - DOC 7

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					WEEKEND NEWS BULLETIN No 233
SATURDAY
22 August 2009

– ELECTRONIC & PRINT MEDIA –
COMPILED BY THE OPERATIONS CENTRE,
DEPT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & COOPERATION
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA


INDEX

PRESIDENCY; INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

PRES ZUMA WRAPS UP ANGOLA TRIP
PRES ZUMA VISITS FORMER ANTI-APARTHEID BASE IN ANGOLA

AFRICA & MULTILATERAL

ZIMBABWE PM URGES EMERGENCY FUNDING TO HALT SWINE FLU

ECONOMY

END OF SOUTH AFRICAN RECESSION IN SIGHT BUT NOT SOON: ANALYSTS
NEW HOPE IN SCIENCE
'1 IN 3 SOUTH AFRICAN SCIENTISTS A WOMAN'
ACSA ACCUSED OF TENDER FRAUD

SECURITY

HLULA MSIMANG IS EKURHULENI SE NUWE METROHOOF
SOUTH AFRICAN MINISTER TO DECIDE ON APARTHEID HIT-SQUAD KILLER'S
PAROLE
GOVERNMENTS WARNED TO PREPARE FOR SECOND WAVE OF H1N1

SPORTS

MALCOLM KLASSEN DEFENDS IBF BELT IN FIRST STATESIDE FIGHT
MCLAREN BIDS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN SELECTION

FEATURES; OPINIONS; ANALYSIS

OIL FIRST, HUMAN RIGHTS LATER

CONTENTS

THE CONTENTS, WORDING AND TERMINOLOGY OF ALL ITEMS ARE THOSE
OF THE ACCREDITED SOURCES AND DO NOT REFLECT DEPARTMENTAL OR
GOVERNMENTAL POLICY. STORIES MAY BE EDITED FOR CLARITY AND
LENGTH.

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PRESIDENCY; INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

PRES ZUMA WRAPS UP ANGOLA TRIP (AFP, 20090821) - South African
President Jacob Zuma wrapped up his visit to Angola on Friday with a clutch of new
deals that analysts said would lay the groundwork for closer ties between two key
regional players. Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos hailed the two-day
visit as a "new era in bilateral relations", while President Zuma said the new trade
partnerships would "change the economic landscape of southern Africa". The deals
covered everything from sports to industry, notably a partnership between Angolan
state oil company Sonangol and South Africa's parastatal Petro SA for refining oil.
The two leaders also discussed the electricity supply from the Inga hydroelectric
plant in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). But President President
Zuma did not leave with everything he had hoped for and proposals for easing visa
requirements and establishing a bilateral commission were left unsigned. Business
leaders and analysts however hailed the visit as a major step toward reviving
relations that had cooled under former president Thabo Mbeki, as the two nations
feuded over how to handle the crisis in Zimbabwe and the conflict in Congo. The
tensions left South African companies out of lucrative reconstruction jobs following
the end of Angola's civil war in 2002, while China, Brazil and Western countries vie
for a slice of the rapidly growing economy powered by oil and mining. Hoping to
catch up, President Zuma brought along more than 100 business leaders -- the
largest business delegation on a presidential trip since the end of apartheid. "There's
a lot of energy, a lot of interest, a lot of commitment here at the moment, things are
on the boil," said Jose Severino, president of the Association of Angolan Industry.
"Angola has many, many natural resources and then we see on the South African
side, there are potentials, like know-how, capital and management, and from this we
can create excellent partnerships to further enhance the growth of our country."
Roland Henwood, a foreign affairs expert at the University of Pretoria, said President
Zuma's visit was just the first step in reviving ties. "What we have seen is an attempt
to cement ties and get South Africa involved in what is one of the most important
countries in southern Africa," he said. "He (Mr Zuma) laid the foundation at least for
further talks" on their differences, Henwood added. Mr Zuma was set to return to
South Africa later in the day.

PRES ZUMA VISITS FORMER ANTI-APARTHEID BASE IN ANGOLA (SAPA,
20090821) - South African President Jacob Zuma made an emotional pilgrimage
Friday to a former anti-apartheid guerrilla camp in Angola where he laid a wreath and
paid tribute to fallen comrades. Angola's ruling MPLA (Popular Movement for the
Liberation of Angola) was a key ally of President Zuma's African National Congress
during the struggle against white minority rule with many ANC members sheltered
and trained in Angola. "This is to remind us where we come from and encourage us
to work harder for the goals for which many lost their lives," President Zuma said,
speaking ahead of his journey to Kibaxi in Bengo Province, north of Luanda. While
the visit has focused on boosting trade, the two countries' historical relationship has
also played an important role with Zuma taking every opportunity to thank Angola
and the MPLA for their support for the ANC. On Thursday President Zuma laid
wreaths at a memorial of Angola's first president Agostinho Neto and then at the
grave of "an unknown" soldier who died in Angola's liberation struggle with the
Portuguese. Ahead of President Zuma's arrival at the site, Themba Kubheka, South
African Ambassador to Angola, told Angolan National Radio: "This is an emotional
visit for us. "We came to say to our people that are buried here in this part of the

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world, to say to them what they fought and died for has been achieved." After Kibaxi,
President Zuma was due to return to Luanda for lunch and an official leaving
ceremony before flying back to South Africa later in the afternoon. The two countries
have signed a number of bilateral deals, including an oil cooperation pact, aimed at
boosting trade and economic exchange.

PRES ZUMA WISHES MUSLIMS WELL OVER RAMADAN (www.news24.com,
20090821) - Democratic Alliance leader Helen Zille joined President Jacob Zuma in
wishing the Muslim community well on Friday during the month of Ramadan. "I would
like to wish all Muslims a blessed fast during this period of reflection, self-discipline,
sacrifice, and empathy with those who are less fortunate," Ms Zille said. President
Zuma said that the period of fasting for Muslims was regarded as a time of deep
introspection and a strengthening of the bonds of the family and community. "In a
time of economic difficulty, when we are challenged to alleviate the plight of the poor,
our nation is indeed privileged to have within it a community - who through the act of
fasting - dedicates itself to the poor, the hungry and the homeless," President Zuma
said in a statement. "This is a lesson and an example for South Africans for all
faiths."

AFRICA & MULTILATERAL

ZIMBABWE PM URGES EMERGENCY FUNDING TO HALT SWINE FLU (SAPA,
20090821) - Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai on Friday called for
emergency funding to help the nation combat swine flu, after five students contracted
the disease in the eastern town of Mutare. "The recent outbreak of swine flu calls for
national                                                                  emergency
funding to respond," Tsvangirai told a doctors conference in Harare. "We don't want
a repeat of the cholera experience of last year," Mr Tsvangirai said, but did not
indicate how the cash-strapped government would find the additional money. More
than 2,400 people died of cholera over the last year, and UN officials have warned
that the deadly but preventable disease is likely to erupt again. The confirmation of
the A(H1N1) virus has heightened fears about Zimbabwe's health system, which has
been decimated by a decade of economic free-fall. Doctors at state hospitals have
been on strike for the last week demanding better salaries and the restoration of US
dollar allowances that were withdrawn last month by the government and aid
agencies. Mr Tsvangirai urged doctors to return to work, saying the government was
trying to address their concerns.


ECONOMY

END OF SOUTH AFRICAN RECESSION IN SIGHT BUT NOT SOON: ANALYSTS
(www.citizen.co.za, 20090821) - Major world economies are pulling themselves out
of recession, but regional powerhouse South Africa is lagging behind the global
recovery, though analysts say the end may be in sight. South Africa’s economy
contracted by 3.0 percent in the second quarter, a less dramatic drop than the first
quarter’s 6.4 percent dive.
“The end of the recession is in sight. The degree of decline we saw in the second
quarter is better than the previous one,” said Jac Laubscher, Sanlam group
economist. He said the economy would continue to stabilise during the rest of the
year, but that recovery would only begin in the second half of 2010. If South Africa is
slow to recover, it was also slow to see the effects of the financial turmoil that roiled

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the world last year. With sound banks and sober state spending, South Africa
weathered the first months of the financial crisis, until reduced global demand finally
took a toll on its mining and manufacturing exports -- the two biggest sectors of the
economy. South Africa officially entered recession in May, its first in 17 years.
The first quarter decline was driven by a record fall in manufacturing, which shrank
22 percent, hit hard by the slow demand for exports and poor consumer spending. In
the second quarter, manufacturing clawed back but still declined 10.9 percent.
Mining showed slim growth of 0.3 percentage points in the three months to June,
also better than the previous posting but coming off more than a year of heavy
declines. Housing, retail and vehicle sales have plunged since the beginning of the
year. ABSA Capital Research predicts that finance, real estate and business
services will struggle for the rest of the year. “Falling company profits and the
deflation in domestic house price growth continue to weigh on the industry’s ability to
contribute a sizable proportion to overall GDP growth,” the bank said. The recession
has hammered South Africa’s already grim employment outlook, with 724,000 jobs
lost between the second quarter last year and the same period this year, according
to the government. The official unemployment rate has barely budged, moving from
23.5 percent to 23.6 percent, only because hundreds of thousands of disillusioned
workers have stopped looking for jobs and are no longer counted in the workforce.
Huge government infrastructure projects and a construction boom tied to the 2010
FIFA World Cup have helped keep a floor under the economic fallout. The
construction industry is one of the few that has consistently seen positive growth
despite the downturn. Business Unity South Africa, which represents businesses,
said despite signs of a global recovery, the turnaround remains tentative. “The speed
and extent of recovery are still subject to a high degree of uncertainty,” the group
said.
“The economy is lagging behind these international developments and hence the
continued recession here.”

NEW HOPE IN SCIENCE, (www.pretorianews.co.za, 20090821) – World Bank
research states that over the next two decades there will be as many as one billion
new jobs, worldwide, in science, engineering and technology. While the old
economy based on extractive industries and resources will continue to shed jobs,
many more jobs that are new will be created in the new economy based on service
and knowledge. “So, we invest in science to ensure that South African have the best
opportunities to fill those new jobs,” stated Naledi Pandor, Minister of Science and
Technology recently. “This Department of Science and Technology (DST) budget is
R4.2 billion. However, the DST does not manage the whole science budget. The
Department of Trade and Industry also invest in science (nuclear energy, small
enterprise development) and Department of Higher Education and Skills invest in
science at universities as part of the higher education budget. The DST has
designed a technology localisation strategy that will provide tailor-made technology-
assistance package to companies that are potential suppliers to original equipment
manufacturers or their first-tier suppliers. “The first area of focus are the foundry
industry, as part of Eskom and Transnet infrastructure programmes, and the
electronics industry in relation to the mass rollout of set-top boxes that will be
required as we moved to digital broadcasting. “Our best policy is to protect and
promote our investment in science, to make it easier for students and entrepreneurs
to exploit their patents and to form companies, and to provide a regulatory regime
which SME companies find it beneficial to commercialise their ideas. “The key to
achieving sustainable economic development and long-term success for South
Africa lies in our ability to use science and technology to create wealth. “If we build

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on our recent success in expanding investment in research and experimental
development, we will be able to build new industrial processes that are both locally
innovative and internationally competitive. “Most local innovation is technology
upgrading of core processes – most of our enterprises operate far below the
technological frontier – rather than basic research that is internationally competitive.
Yet both create jobs in industry and manufacturing. “Our future growth (more jobs,
greater wealth) lies in increased research and development, accruing new patents
and trademarks, developing new technologies for transforming traditional industries,
creating new products, training and developing an acute knowledge of markets and
their new needs,” concluded Minister Pandor.

'1 IN 3 SOUTH AFRICAN SCIENTISTS A WOMAN' (www.news24.com, 2009-08-
22)- Only one in three published South African scientists is a woman, Science and
Technology Minister Naledi Pandor said on Friday."... and she is younger and less
qualified than her male colleagues," she said at an award ceremony in
Johannesburg for women in science.” Our strategies must begin at primary school
level because girls and women are usually not encouraged to be scientists. "The
minister noted that parents, teachers and universities "actively" discouraged girls
from the science, engineering and technology field. "Girls and women are not
supposed to be good at maths or science. And it shows in the studies of
performance... Boys do better, because they are encouraged to do better. "She
explained that girls needed focused support and mentoring to get into the male-
dominated field. "We need interventions to manage career flexibility for women in
science. We need interventions in favour of developing women in research.” Minister
Pandor said some practical measures, such as equipment grants, postgraduate
grants, research fellowships and special conferencing funding were already in
place.”Many of these initiatives are aimed, rightly so, at young researchers in
general, but we have to make certain that they include a focus on attracting women
to take up these programmes. "The National Advisory Council on Innovation had a
committee focusing on women in science, engineering and technology, and the
National Research Foundation ran a Women in Research programme.The
foundation offers small grants to undergraduates, who had research potential and
are in their third or fourth year of study."However, much more must be done," said
Pandor. She said without incentives supporting and recognising women in research,
significant change was unlikely to take place.

ACSA ACCUSED OF TENDER FRAUD (www.iol.co.za, 20090822)-Airports
Company South Africa (Acsa) has been accused of fraud after tenders were
awarded to companies which had neither the skills nor the equipment to do what
they were contracted to. Last month Baggage Protection Services, which had been
shrink-wrapping passengers' luggage at OR Tambo International Airport since 2006,
filed papers in the Johannesburg High Court to force Acsa to disclose how and why it
awarded the tender. In the papers it claimed Urban Innovative Management Services
had been registered as a close corporation only a month and a half after it was
awarded the tender, and received VAT clearance only four days after being told it
had been successful. It was also claimed Urban had no experience with baggage-
wrapping and had no infrastructure or adequate equipment to render the service. In
fact, Urban had apparently asked another company, Lock Up and Go Luggage -
Luggage Wrap whether Urban could buy its machines. All three parties will appear in
court this week. In May, Acsa came under fire for awarding a tender for shuttling
passengers between OR Tambo and the long-term parking to a company that did not
have enough buses to perform the service. Gauteng Coaches and Mega Bus said

                                                                                       5
they were considering legal action against Acsa after Vuda, which won the tender,
approached them in an attempt to hire the vehicles it needs. In the third instance
construction company Grinaker-LTA has accused Acsa of fraud after over the
contract to build the new King Shaka Airport in Durban. Neil Cloete, managing
director of Grinaker-LTA, told Beeld newspaper last month that it would be asking
the court to force Acsa to provide the winning company's tender documents. In 2007
Acsa signed the R6.8 billion contract with the Ilembe consortium to build the new
international airport at La Mercy north of Durban. At the time the Indiza consortium,
led by Grinaker-LTA, lost its application for an interim interdict to prevent the deal
being signed. Judge Jan Hugo ruled its tender had materially deviated from some of
the requirements. Indiza then applied for a review of the tender process. The matter
is now set down for next month. Acsa spokesman Solomon Makgale said it was not
unusual for companies that lost tender bids to go to court."Going to court is the best
way to resolve these kind of disputes. It's not that we like to going to court; we are
simply responding to the disputes that have been raised," he said.


SECURITY

HLULA MSIMANG IS EKURHULENI SE NUWE METROHOOF-(www.beeld.com,
20090822)-Die voormalige metropolisiehoof van Tshwane is as die nuwe Ekurhuleni-
metropolisiehoof aangestel.Beeld verneem vertroulik dat mnr. Hlula Msimang
vandeesweek in sy nuwe pos begin het as plaasvervanger vir die omstrede mnr.
Robert McBride, wat einde September verlede jaar afgedank is, twee maande
voordat sy kontrak sou verval. Mnr McBride was tóé met spesiale verlof hangende ’n
dronkbestuur- en bedrogsaak ná ’n motorongeluk in 2006. Me. Ntombi Mekgwe,
Ekurhuleni-burgemeester, het toe besluit om nie sy kontrak te hernu nie. Mnr
Msimang (42) was destyds ’n agent vir die Nasionale Intelligensie-agentskap (NIA)
en die geheimediens.Hy is die seun van mnr. Mendi Msimang, die voormalige
tesourier van die ANC, en dr. Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, voormalige Minister van
Gesondheid.Hy het sy pos as Tshwane se metropolisiehoof in Junie verlede jaar as
gevolg van “herstrukturering” verloor. Sy kontrak was veronderstel om eers in 2010
te verval. Sy kontrak is verlede jaar uit die bloute opgeskort vir die heraanstelling van
die omstrede komm. Mpho Mmutle as Tshwane se nuwe strategiese hoof vir
gemeenskapsveiligheid. Mnr Msimang se kontrak sou eers aanstaande jaar eindig.
Hy het aan Beeld gesê hy oorweeg regstappe teen die raad, maar gerugte het later
die ronde gedoen dat hy ná onderhandelings met ’n goue handdruk vort is. Tshwane
het nooit vrae hieroor beantwoord nie.Opposisiepartye was kwaai omgekrap nadat
Tshwane se bonusse-verslag onthul het dat Msimang 93% gekry het in die
hersiening van sy prestasie vir die 2006-’07-geldjaar. Die DA wou weet waarom
Msimang dan gepos is as dit nie weens swak prestasie was nie.Msimang was nie
gister beskikbaar vir kommentaar nie.Verskeie bronne in die Ekurhuleni-metroraad
het aan Beeld bevestig dat Msimang reeds Maandag in sy nuwe pos begin het. Daar
word verwag dat Mekgwe sy aanstelling amptelik tydens volgende week se
raadsvergadering sal aankondig. Mnr. Prince Hamnca, Mekgwe se woordvoerder,
het gister aan Beeld gesê Mekgwe sal “binnekort amptelik aankondig wie dié stad se
nuwe metropolisiehoof is”.




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SOUTH AFRICAN MINISTER TO DECIDE ON APARTHEID HIT-SQUAD KILLER'S
PAROLE(www.sabcnews.co.za, 20090822)- Correctional Services Minister,
Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula says she will decide within a week whether to release
Butana Almond Nofemela on parole, following a recommendation by the Correctional
Services Council that the apartheid hit squad killer be released. Nofemela was
sentenced to death in 1986 for the murder of farmer Johannes Lourens near Brits.
The sentence was later changed to life imprisonment. He also confessed to killing
human rights lawyer Griffiths Mxenge in 1981.Nofemela, once an African National
Congress (ANC) cadre, had his parole application turned down by former
Correctional Services Minister Ngconde Balfour last year. He was granted amnesty
by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for his confession which led to the
exposure of the Vlakplaas police hit squad.The Correctional Services Council
recommends that Nofemela be placed on parole subject to him being referred to an
appropriate agency to prepare for reintegration. The council also recommends that
he undergoes the usual pre-release programmes and that he not be in possession of
or have access to fire-arms. But Mxenge’s younger brother, Mava, says he would not
accept any of the parole recommendations, saying if they had a choice as a family
they would let Nofemela 'rot in jail' as what he did to them was unforgivable. The
ANC has said the parole board has a right to make a recommendation and that the
party will respond once the decision is taken.

GOVERNMENTS WARNED TO PREPARE FOR SECOND WAVE OF
H1N1(www.sabcnews.co.za, 20090822)-The World Health Organisation (WHO) has
warned governments worldwide to be prepared for a possible second wave of the
swine flu virus. The warning comes as South African authorities confirm the ninth
death in Gauteng. The latest victim is reportedly a 53-year-old Johannesburg man.
Now that the northern hemisphere is headed for its winter season - there are fears
the H1N1 influenza may reinvent itself. The WHO says like all influenza viruses, the
H1N1 has the advantage of surprise. The health body says countries worldwide
should prepare for a second or even a third wave or spread. “What we'll see is that in
the next season - if you like- that the virus may obviously re-appear and become the
dominant virus, so you can then have your first wave and then that can be followed
by your second wave of this part of pandemic strain,” says National Institute for
Communicable Disease’s (NCID) professor Adrian Puren. Of the nine confirmed
deaths in South Africa, three were pregnant women. The NICD says there have
been over 3 000 confirmed cases of swine flu across the country. Most of these were
mild cases. Government says it will be intensifying its public campaigns soon.
“Where we are at this stage - we are obviously expanding on our multimedia
campaign, that is doing very well and what is also important to note is that we are in
the process,” says Department of Health spokesperson, Fidel Hadebe. Globally the
situation seems to be getting worse. About 1 800 people have died since April - most
of these deaths occurred in the Americas. South African authorities however say
there is no indication that the situation here is spiralling out of control.


SPORTS

MALCOLM KLASSEN DEFENDS IBF BELT IN FIRST STATESIDE FIGHT-
(www.sapa.org.za, 20090821)-Malcom Klassen fights for the second time outside his
native South Africa Saturday when he puts his International Boxing Federation super
featherweight title on the line against Robert Guerrero. Klassen, who fought in
London in 2002, will be making his first defence of the title that he won for a second

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time with a seventh-round technical knockout of compatriot Cassius Baloyi in April.
He had claimed the belt for the first time with a split decision victory over Gaiy St.
Clair in 2006, but relinqished it by split decision against Mzonke Fana in his first
defence. Since that defeat, Klassen is 4-0, all victories inside the distance, and he
says he hasn't made the trip to Texas to see that streak end."For me to come to
Houston from South Africa and leave my title here is not going to happen," Klassen
said. "That will never happen." Klassen is counting on his first fight in the United
States to be a springboard to fame in North America.

MCLAREN           BIDS          FOR        SOUTH           AFRICAN         SELECTION-
(www.sapa.org.za,20090822)-Ryan Mclaren will be released from his county
contract with Kent at the end of the current season and will now focus his attentionon
playing international cricket for South Africa. The 26-year-old all-rounder has notified
Cricket South Africa of his intention to relinquish his Kolpak status and will be
available for potential Proteas' selection from the beginning of October.He will play
for the Diamond Eagles in all three domesticprofessional competitions - the
SuperSport Series, the MTN Domestic Championship and the Standard Bank
Domestic Pro20 - and is also in
their squad for the Champions League tournament to be played in India in October.
McLaren, who was a team mate of Proteas' players Hashim Amla and Imraan Khan
when the South African team finished runners up to Australia in the 2002 under-19
World Cup in New Zealand, is a quality all-rounder who was identified at a young
age as a potential future international. In his last full season in South Africa in 2006-
07 he was the second leading wicket taker in the SuperSport Series with more than
50 dismissals and has regularly taken more than 50 first-class wickets since joining
Kent. South African Cricketers' Association CEO Tony Irish commented that "Itis
obviously good news that yet another player is returningand committing to a cricket
future in South Africa on Mclarens decision to make himself available for SA
selection.

FEATURES; OPINIONS; ANALYSIS

OIL FIRST, HUMAN RIGHTS LATER, By Niren Tolsi and Mandy Rossouw
(MAIL&GUARDIAN ONLINE, PAGE 6, 20090821) - The spectre of human rights
violations in Angola's oil-rich Cabinda enclave is overshadowing President Jacob
Zuma's first official state visit, which started in Luanda on Wednesday. A Human
Rights Watch report published earlier this year found that in Cabinda at least 38
people arrested by Angolan military between September 2007 and March 2009 were
subjected to "torture and cruel or inhumane treatment in military custody, and …
denied due process rights, as well as a fair trial". The detainees were accused of
being part of a separatist movement, the Liberation Front for the Enclave of Cabinda
(Flec). This year's report is first-hand, field-based information and reveals a
"disturbing pattern of human rights violations during pre-trial detention of people
accused of state-security crimes in Cabinda". Cabinda is responsible for more than
half the country's oil output, which saw Angola's economy grow by 26% in 2006 and
17.6% in 2007. The report, entitled "They put me in the hole: military detention,
torture and the lack of due process in Cabinda", is based on events between
September 2007 and March this year. It found that most people known to have been
"arbitrarily arrested" during that period "were subjected to lengthy incommunicado
detention, torture and lack of due process". The official Angolan line is that a peace
agreement signed in 2006 had ended the conflict in Cabinda. But a diplomatic insider
based in Angola said that "there are still outbreaks of violence in Cabinda and every

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time there is a guerrilla attack, the people pay the price". He said that attacks had
occurred this year. South Africa's trade and industry minister, Rob Davies, skirted
the issue when questioned about it by the Mail & Guardian, saying that South Africa
would rely on Africa's Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) to raise "these issues if they
exist". Angola is a participant in Nepad's APRM and Davies said that Angola should
be allowed to address the issue through that mechanism. Human Settlements
Minister Tokyo Sexwale said that allegations of human rights violence perpetrated by
Angola's military in Cabinda have "never been an issue raised in [South Africa's]
Cabinet". Sexwale, who used to have mining, infrastructure and trade and logistics
business interests in Angola, said the country was a democracy. "South Africa never
visits dictatorships. Angola is not a dictatorship," he said. He pointed to the recent
state visit by United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton as further proof of
Angola's democratic credentials. "The US also [doesn't] visit dictatorships. They
effect regime change," Sexwale said. While Zuma's state visit is about re-
establishing links with Angola after frosty relations between the two countries during
former president Thabo Mbeki's tenure, it is also about money and oil. Zuma aims to
ensure, through a visit that includes 11 Cabinet ministers and a business delegation
of 170, that the two countries "tap into a real potential relationship in all spheres into
the economic, political and social spheres". Ms Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, Minister
of International Relations and Cooperation, has emphasised Angola's "fuel security"
and the opportunities the country's reconstruction -- almost destroyed by a 27-year
civil war -- presents for South African companies. Given that another big investor in
Angola is China, the policy of which towards the countries where it operates is one of
"non-interference", questions will be raised about South African's modus operandi in
Angola. Mashabane was at pains to emphasise that the partnership between the
countries is one with the potential to "keep democratic ideals in the region". Asked
about human rights abuses in Cabinda, Zuma's office referred the M&G to the
International Relations Department. Lisa Rimli, a researcher on Angola for Human
Rights Watch, told M&G the abuses were no deterrent to companies and countries
that wanted to do business with Angola. "They are more concerned about stability
than human rights. President Juan Eduardo dos Santos, having been in power for 30
years, guarantees stability and that is important to those seeking investment
opportunities." She said the Angolan government tried to protect its image by
keeping a tight lid on information. "Press freedom is restricted and it appears that
views on this have hardened since elections." A journalist was recently given a
three-month suspended jail sentence for publishing an opinion piece that criticised
Dos Santos's failure to deliver on government promises. The Africa Cup of Nations
is due to take place in Cabinda in 2010 and the Angolan government wants to step
up operations against insurgent groups to ensure the smooth running of the event.
Rimli said there had been increased movements of military helicopters between the
provincial capital and the interior, which the military had said were "training
exercises". Access to information about Cabinda's interior was restricted. "This
prevents us and local civil society from following up on alleged disappearance and
abuse cases." Rimli said she expected public protests to increase, because the
Angolan government had made extravagant promises before the recent elections
"and now has to face a global economic downturn as well". "They promised to build
a million houses, but in fact 3 000 houses have been destroyed in an area the
government said was intended as a public space. "About 15 000 people lost their
homes and have nowhere to go. This has even stirred up emotions in the ruling
MPLA," she said. The government blames public protests on the opposition parties,
claiming they are manipulating people to resist the authorities.


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SA NEWSPAPER WEBSITES:
The DNB is sourced i.a. from the following newspaper websites:
www.bday.co.za - Business Day
www.sabcnews.com          - SABC News
www.mg.co.za      - Mail and Guardian
www.suntimes.co.za        - Sunday Times
www.citizen.co.za - The Citizen
www.iol.co.za             - Cape Times            Pretoria News      Saturday
Star
     The Star     The Argus           The Daily News    Business Report
     The Mercury Cape Times           Sunday Tribune Sunday Indepnt
www.news24.com - Beeld                      Die Burger        Volksblad
                  Natal Witness             Rapport           City Press

The DNB was compiled by Operations Centre After Hours Personnel: R Bhayat




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