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Cold War Arms Race

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					Space Race: 1957
               Russia Launches
                “Sputnik” the first
                manmade satellite
                in space.
Space Race:
Space Race:
               Sputnik makes
                Americans
                nervous.
               Is Russia Smarter
                than us? Can they
                launch a missile
                from up there?
Space Race 1958
 To compete the
  USA creates NASA.
 National
  Aeronautics and
  Space
  Administration
Cold War Arms Race:


Which side could make the most
           weapons?
Cold War Arms Race:
Cold War Arms Race:
               “You cannot
                simultaneously
                prevent and
                prepare for war." -
                -Albert Einstein
Cold War Arms Race:
 "I know not with
  what weapons
  World War III will
  be fought, but
  World War IV will
  be fought with
  sticks and stones."
  -- Albert Einstein
History of “Nukes”
                 From 1945-1949
                  USA was the only
                  nation to have
                  Nuclear Bombs.
History of “Nukes”
                 1949- USSR tests
                  first A-bomb.
1952- USA tests first Hydrogen
bomb
                  Hydrogen bombs
                   were hundreds of
                   times more
                   destructive than
                   the A-bombs
                   dropped on Japan.
1952- USA tests first Hydrogen
bomb on a small island in the
pacific
History of “Nukes”
 In the 1950’s
  Britain, France,
  and the USSR all
  have nuclear
  weapons.
Nuclear Holocaust-
 World leaders realize the clash
  between the superpowers could
  destroy mankind.
CUBA
        Cuba is only 90
         miles away from
         Florida.
        It is a prime spot
         for a nation to
         threaten the USA
CUBA-
 1959 Fidel Castro
  leads a communist
  revolution in Cuba
 He is on the side of
  the USSR
CUBA
 Castro was a very
  good speaker.
 He is still in power
  today.
Bay of Pigs
               USA funds a
                military operation
                to overthrow
                Castro.
               It is unsuccessful
Bay of Pigs
               USSR builds missile
                sites in Cuba.
 Fidel Castro and
  Nikita Khrushchev

 “Homies”
Cuban Missile Crisis
                  President Kennedy
                   orders a blockade
                   to stop Soviet
                   ships entering
                   Cuba.
                  The world is
                   minutes away from
                   Nuclear War
Cuban Missile Crisis
                  Nikita Khrushchev
                   the leader of USSR
                   backs down.
                  Removes missiles
                   from Cuba
                  USA removes
                   Missiles from
                   Turkey, near the
                   USSR border
Cuba-
         Alliance for
          Progress:
         To strengthen Latin
          America from
          Communism Kennedy
          gives 20 billion to
          many nations.
COLD WAR SCOREBOARD
 NATO:                WarsawPact
 USA                  USSR
 Western Europe       Eastern Europe
  (Marshall Plan)       (nations that border
 West Germany          USSR)
 Greece/Turkey        East Germany
  (Truman Doctrine)    China
 South Korea          North Korea
 South Vietnam        North Vietnam
 Latin America        Cuba (after 1959)
  (Alliance for
  Progress)
Domino Theory-
                  If one area falls to
                   communism, areas
                   near it will fall, like
                   dominoes.
                  This is taking
                   Containment to the
                   next level.
Domino Theory- In Asia
Vietnam-1954
 Communist Ho Chi
  Minh leads a
  revolution.
 Colonial power
  France is kicked
  out of Vietnam
Vietnam-1954
 Very Similar to Korea.
 North Vietnam –Communist (USSR)
 South Vietnam-non Communist(USA)
Vietnam 1960
                15,000 American
                 troops are put into
                 South Vietnam
Vietnam 1960
Vietnam 1964-Gulf of Tonkin
Bombing

                  Gulf of Tonkin
                  American Ships are
                   bombed by North
                   Vietnam.
Vietnam 1965-1973
Vietnam 1964-Gulf of Tonkin
bombing

                  President Johnson
                   increases troop
                   levels
Vietnam 1964
 American troops
  were not trained
  properly to fight in
  the Jungle.
Vietnam 1965-1973
Vietnam 1965-1973
 The protest
  movement gains
  momentum
 Hippies Rejoice.
Vietnam 1965-1973
Vietnam 1965-1973-flower-power
Vietnam- 1973
 A cease fire agreement is signed
 Communists overtake south Vietnam
  and Cambodia within 2 years
 50,000 Americans die in Vietnam

				
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