Elements of Literature Sixth Course The by pengxuezhi


									             The Restoration
     Introduction to the Literary Period

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 Key Concept: Order and Reason

 Key Concept: Social Classes

 Key Concept: Values and Beliefs

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                Key Concept:
              Order and Reason
History of the Times
• In 1660, after twenty years of civil war and
  Puritan dictatorship, England is ready for
  stability and the return of Charles II.
• Five years later, London suffers an outbreak of
  plague, and the Great Fire ravages city in 1666.
• The Glorious Revolution of 1688 enables William
  and Mary to take the throne without bloodshed.
• Parliament becomes more powerful; a two-party
  system emerges. The Age of Reason ushers in
  era of scientific and rational thought.
                 Key Concept:
               Order and Reason
Literature of the Times
• Restoration literature is influenced
  by French classical ideas.
• The emphasis on cleverness, or wit,
  is intended for the upper classes.
• Writers Alexander Pope and Jonathan
  Swift use satire in their works.
• Journalism emerges as a new form
  of writing.
• Neoclassical writers revive standards of order
  found in classical literature of ancient Rome.
                Key Concept:
                Social Classes
History of the Times
      • The social order of Restoration England
        was based on the class system.
      • The hereditary nobility at the top of the
        system indulged in elegance and excess.
      • The poor lived in sewage-strewn streets or
        rat-filled tenements. Children had to work.
      • Industrialization created overcrowded
        slums and wretched working conditions.
      • Physicians served only the rich. Seventy-
        four percent of children died before age 5.
                  Key Concept:
                  Social Classes
Literature of the Times
• After the return of Charles II,
   English writers were receptive
   to French wit and literary taste.
• The most successful literary
   form was the drama. Lavish
   theater dramas reflected the
   sophistication of Charles’s court.
• On the stage, the comedy of manners
  appealed to men and women of fashion.
• The novel finds an audience in the middle class.
                  Key Concept:
                Values and Beliefs
 Literature of the Times
• As the state religion, the Anglican
  church dominated religious life.
• Protestants who remained outside
  the Anglican church were known
  as Dissenters.
• Prominent writers of this period were
  Roman Catholics and Dissenters.
• Many were denied public office and
  university education despite ample
The End

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