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OCCUPATION                           DESCRIPTION             TOOLS                      TECHNOLOGY             KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS            RELATED OCCUPATIONS                              ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                             apprenticeable specialties
                                                                                                               Customer and Personal        33-3041.00 Parking Enforcement Workers
53-7081.00 - Refuse and              Collect and dump
                                                                                                               Service                      49-3093.00 Tire Repairers and Changers
Recyclable Material Collectors       refuse or recyclable
                                                                                                               Transportation               53-6021.00 Parking Lot Attendants
                                     materials from
                                                                                                                                            53-7071.00 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping
Sample of reported job titles:       containers into
                                                                                                                                            Station Operators
Rolloff Truck Driver, Sanitation     truck. May drive
                                                                                                                                            53-7073.00 Wellhead Pumpers
Laborer, Garbage Man,                truck.
Swamper, Front Load Trash
Truck Driver, Recycle Driver,
Front Loader Residential Driver,
Garbage Collector, Residential
Recycle Driver, Solid Waste
49-9041.00 - Industrial                                      Hammers — Brass            Computer aided         Mechanical                   47-5021.00 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas    Maintenance Mechanic,
                                     Repair, install,
Machinery Mechanics                                          hammers;                   design CAD software    Mathematics                  49-9098.00 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance,   Compressed-Gas Plant;
                                     adjust, or maintain
                                                             Sledgehammers              Computer aided         Engineering and Technology   and Repair Workers                               Automotive-Maintenance-
Sample of reported job titles:                               Hoists — Chain falls;      manufacturing CAM      Design                       51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine              Equipment Servicer; Bakery-
                                     production and
Maintenance Mechanic,                                        Chain hoists               software — Extranet    Production and Processing    Assemblers                                       Machine Mechanic; Conveyor-
Maintenance Technician,                                      Lathes — Engine            Machine Tools Suite    Building and Construction    51-9061.00 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters,         Maintenance Mechanic;
                                     machinery or
Mechanic, Engineering                                        lathes; Turning lathes     Data base user                                      Samplers, and Weighers                           Composing-Room Machinist;
                                     refinery and
Technician, Master Mechanic,                                 Power grinders —           interface and query                                                                                  Electronic-Production-Line-
                                     pipeline distribution
Industrial Machinery Mechanic,                               Cylindrical grinders;      software —                                                                                           Maintenance Mechanic; Forge-
Machine Adjuster, Overhauler,                                Grinding wheels;           Maintenance planning                                                                                 Shop-Machine Repairer;
Industrial Electrician, Industrial                           Precision grinders         and control software                                                                                 Hydroelectric-Machinery
Mechanic                                                     Workshop presses —         Industrial control                                                                                   Mechanic; Machine Repairer,
                                                             Drill presses; Hydraulic   software — BIT Corp                                                                                  Maintenance; Machinist,
                                                             squeezers; Punch           ProMACS PLC; KEYENCE                                                                                 Linotype; Machine Fixer (Carpet
                                                             presses                    PLC Ladder Logic                                                                                     and Rug); Maintenance
                                                                                        Word processing                                                                                      Mechanic; Maintenance
                                                                                        software — Microsoft                                                                                 Mechanic; Overhauler (Textile);
                                                                                        Word                                                                                                 Pinsetter Adjuster, Automatic;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Pump Erector (Construction);
                                                                                                                                                                                             Repairer, Welding Equipment;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Pneumatic-Tool Repairer;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Pneumatic-Tube Repairer;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Powerhouse Mechanic; Stoker
                                                                                                                                                                                             Rubberizing Mechanic; Scale
                                                                                                                                                                                             Mechanic; Sewing-Machine
                                                                                                                                                                                             Repairer; Aviation Support
                                                                                                                                                                                             Equipment Repairer; Fuel-
                                                                                                                                                                                             System-Maintenance Worker;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Cooling Tower Technician;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Hydraulic Repairer; Repairer I;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Laundry-Machine Mechanic;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Hydraulic-Press Servicer; Canal-
                                                                                                                                                                                             Equipment Mechanic; Treatment-
                                                                                                                                                                                             Plant Mechanic; Pump Servicer;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Repairer, Welding Systems and
                                                                                                                                                                                             Equipment; Industrial Machine
                                                                                                                                                                                             System Technician
OCCUPATION                         DESCRIPTION            TOOLS                   TECHNOLOGY              KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS           RELATED OCCUPATIONS                              ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                       apprenticeable specialties
47-3014.00 - Helpers--             Help painters,         Ladders — Drywall       Accounting software     Building and Construction   47-2042.00 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood,
Painters, Paperhangers,            paperhangers,          stilts                  — A-Systems JobView;                                and Hard Tiles
Plasterers, and Stucco Masons      plasterers, or         Manlift or personnel    Turtle Creek Software                               47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
                                   stucco masons by       lift — Bosun chairs     Goldenseal                                          47-2082.00 Tapers 47-2141.00 Painters,
Sample of reported job titles:     performing duties of   Paint rollers — Paint   Project management                                  Construction and Maintenance
Painter Helper, Plaster Tender,    lesser skill. Duties   application rollers;    software —                                          47-2142.00 Paperhangers
Scaffold Setter, Plaster Helper,   include using,         Pressure rollers        Construction Software
Exterior Insulation and Finish     supplying or holding   Paint sprayers —        Center EasyEst;
System Installer (EIFS             materials or tools,    Airless paint guns;     Evergreen Technology
Installer), Wallboard Worker,      and cleaning work      Paint spray guns;       Eagle Bid Estimating;
Stucco Laborer                     area and equipment     Plaster spraying        On Center Quick Bid;
                                                          machines                Sage Construct
                                                          Platform lift — Swing   Spreadsheet
                                                          stages                  software — Microsoft
                                                          Temperature             Excel
                                                          humidity testers —      Word processing
                                                          Humidity indicators     software — Contractor
                                                                                  City Contractor
OCCUPATION                         DESCRIPTION             TOOLS                      TECHNOLOGY              KNOWLEDGE                          RELATED OCCUPATIONS                       ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                           apprenticeable specialties
43-5041.00 - Meter Readers,        Read meter and                                                             Customer and Personal              33-3041.00 Parking Enforcement Workers
Utilities                          record consumption                                                         Service                            43-5052.00 Postal Service Mail Carriers
                                   of electricity, gas,                                                       Public Safety and Security         45-4023.00 Log Graders and Scalers
Sample of reported job titles:     water, or steam.                                                           English Language                   47-2042.00 Floor Layers, Except Carpet,
Meter Reader, Customer Field                                                                                  Computers and Electronics          Wood, and Hard Tiles
Representative, Meter Reading                                                                                 Mathematics                        49-9091.00 Coin, Vending, and Amusement
Clerk, Water Inspector, Water                                                                                 Transportation                     Machine Servicers and Repairers
Meter Reader, Field Technician,                                                                               Administration and                 53-7071.00 Gas Compressor and Gas
Fieldman, Meter Reader                                                                                        Management                         Pumping Station Operators
Inspector, Utility Service                                                                                    Education and Training             53-7073.00 Wellhead Pumpers
Worker, Water Service
47-2131.00 - Insulation            Line and cover          Filtering machinery                                Building and Construction          47-2042.00 Floor Layers, Except Carpet,   There are 2 recognized
Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and       structures with         — Air filtering devices;                           Transportation                     Wood, and Hard Tiles                      apprenticeable specialties
Wall                               insulating materials.   Filtered vacuum                                    Education and Training             47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile       associated with this occupation:
                                   May work with batt,     cleaners                                           Production and Processing          Installers                                Cork Insulator, Refrigeration Plant;
Sample of reported job titles:     roll, or blown          Hazardous material                                 Customer and Personal              47-2082.00 Tapers                         Insulation Worker
Insulation Installer, Installer,   insulation materials.   protective apparel —                               Service                            47-2142.00 Paperhangers
Insulator, Insulation Estimator,                           Hooded protective                                  Mathematics                        51-9195.07 Molding and Casting Workers
Retrofit Installer, Insulation                             suits; Protective suits
Mechanic, Warehouse                                        Metal cutters — Sheet                              Skills
Insulation Worker                                          metal cutters                                      Installation — Installing
                                                           Power saws —                                       equipment, machines, wiring,
                                                           Reciprocating saws                                 or programs to meet
                                                           Shears — Asbestos                                  specifications.
                                                           cutters; Scissors                                  Monitoring —
                                                           Staple guns —                                      Monitoring/Assessing
                                                           Hammer staplers;                                   performance of yourself, other
                                                           Pneumatic staplers;                                individuals, or organizations to
                                                           Stapling guns                                      make improvements or take
                                                           Utility knives — Batt                              corrective action.
                                                           knives; Knives                                     Equipment Selection —
                                                           Analytical or                                      Determining the kind of tools
                                                           scientific software —                              and equipment needed to do a
                                                           North American                                     job.
                                                           Association NAIMA 3E
                                                           Project management
                                                           software — CMSN
                                                           FieldPAK; Comput-
                                                           Ability MIKE 2000;
                                                           Turtle Creek Software
                                                           BidMagic Insulation

47-2132.00 - Insulation            Apply insulating        Filtering machinery        Analytical or           Mathematics                        47-2042.00 Floor Layers, Except Carpet,
Workers, Mechanical                materials to pipes or   — Air filtering devices;   scientific software —   Building and Construction          Wood, and Hard Tiles
                                   ductwork, or other      Filtered vacuum            North American          Mechanical                         47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile
Sample of reported job titles:     mechanical systems      cleaners                   Insulation              Customer and Personal              Installers
OCCUPATION                         DESCRIPTION            TOOLS                      TECHNOLOGY              KNOWLEDGE                    RELATED OCCUPATIONS                           ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                        apprenticeable specialties
Insulator, Mechanical Insulator,   in order to help       Hazardous material         Manufacturers           Service                      47-2082.00 Tapers
Insulation Mechanic, Industrial    control and maintain   protective apparel —       Association NAIMA 3E    Public Safety and Security   47-2142.00 Paperhangers
Insulator, Insulation Helper,      temperature.           Hooded protective          Plus                    Education and Training       51-9195.07 Molding and Casting Workers
Insulation Worker, Mechanic                               suits; Protective suits    Project management      Administration and
Insulator, Commercial                                     Metal cutters — Sheet      software — CMSN         Management
Insulator, Heat and Frost                                 metal cutters              FieldPAK; Comput-       Design
Insulator, Insulation Installer                           Power saws —               Ability MIKE 2000;
                                                          Reciprocating saws         Turtle Creek Software
                                                          Sewing machines —          BidMagic Insulation
                                                          Industrial sewing          Estimating
                                                          Shears — Scissors
                                                          Staple guns —
                                                          Hammer staplers;
                                                          Pneumatic staplers;
                                                          Stapling guns
                                                          Utility knives — Batt
                                                          knives; Knives

49-9051.00 - Electrical Power-     Install or repair      Conduit benders —          Electronic mail         Customer and Personal        47-3013.00 Helpers--Electricians              There are 6 recognized
Line Installers and Repairers      cables or wires used   Cable benders; Hand        software — Email        Service                      49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and    apprenticeable specialties
                                   in electrical power    benders; Hydraulic         software                Mechanical                   Related Repairers                             associated with this occupation:
Sample of reported job titles:     or distribution        benders; Power             Inventory               Building and Construction    49-2095.00 Electrical and Electronics         Cable Installer-Repairer; Cable
Lineman, Journeyman Lineman,       systems. May erect     benders                    management              Public Safety and Security   Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and        Splicer; Line Erector; Line
Electrical Lineworker,             poles and light or     Power drills —             software                Education and Training       Relay                                         Maintainer; Line Repairer; Trouble
Lineworker, Power Lineman          heavy duty             Concrete drills; Gas       Office suite software   Transportation               49-9012.00 Control and Valve Installers and   Shooter II
                                   transmission towers.   drills; Hammer drills;     — Microsoft Office                                   Repairers, Except Mechanical Door             Related Occupations
                                                          Hydraulic drills           Spreadsheet
                                                          Saws — Buck saws;          software
                                                          Hacksaws; Hand saws;       Word processing
                                                          Keyhole saws               software
                                                          Voltage or current
                                                          meters — Current
                                                          leakage meters; Digital
                                                          recording amp meters;
                                                          Digital voltmeters DVM;
                                                          Insulator testers
                                                          Wire or cable cutters
                                                          — Cable cutters;
                                                          Hydraulic cutters;
                                                          Insulated cable cutters;
                                                          Ratchet cutters

49-9012.00 - Control and Valve     Install, repair, and   Adjustable wrenches        Analytical or           Mechanical                   49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and    There are 6 recognized
Installers and Repairers, Except   maintain mechanical    — Crescent wrenches        scientific software —   Public Safety and Security   Related Repairers                             apprenticeable specialties
Mechanical Door                    regulating and         Impact wrenches —          Emerson FIRSTVUE                                     49-2095.00 Electrical and Electronics         associated with this occupation:
                                   controlling devices,   Hydraulic wrenches;        Value Sizing                                         Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and        Electric-Meter Repairer; Gas-
Sample of reported job titles:     such as electric       Power wrenches             Data base user                                       Relay                                         Regulator Repairer; Electric-Meter
Valve Technician, Measurement      meters, gas            Saws — Hacksaws;           interface and query                                  49-3042.00 Mobile Heavy Equipment             Installer I; Gas-Meter Mechanic I;
Technician, Meter Technician,      regulators,            Hand saws; Keyhole         software — Data entry                                Mechanics, Except Engines                     Meter Repairer; Gas Utility Worker
Electric Meter Technician,         thermostats, safety    saws                       software                                             49-3053.00 Outdoor Power Equipment and        Related Occupations
Instrument and Electrical          and flow valves, and   Screwdrivers —             Project management                                   Other Small Engine Mechanics
Technician (I & E Technician),     other mechanical       Insulated screwdrivers;    software —                                           49-9011.00 Mechanical Door Repairers
Instrument Technician, Control     governors.             Phillips head              Maintenance record
OCCUPATION                     DESCRIPTION   TOOLS                       TECHNOLOGY             KNOWLEDGE                    RELATED OCCUPATIONS                           ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                           apprenticeable specialties
Valve Technician, Instrument                 screwdrivers;               software
and Controls Technician,                     Robertson                   Spreadsheet software
Instrument, Control and                      screwdrivers; Straight
Electrical Technician (ICE                   screwdrivers
Technician), Maintenance                     Slip or groove joint
Technician                                   pliers — Groove-joint
                                             pliers; Slip-joint pliers
                                             Taps or dies — Dies;

49-9021.01 - Heating and Air                                                                    Mechanical                   49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and    There are 5 recognized
Conditioning Mechanics and                                                                      Customer and Personal        Related Repairers                             apprenticeable specialties
Installers                                                                                      Service                      49-3051.00 Motorboat Mechanics                associated with this occupation:
                                                                                                Engineering and Technology   49-3052.00 Motorcycle Mechanics               Heating-and-Air-Conditioning
                                                                                                Design                       49-3053.00 Outdoor Power Equipment and        Installer-Servicer; Furnace
                                                                                                Building and Construction    Other Small Engine Mechanics                  Installer-and-Repairer, Hot Air;
                                                                                                Mathematics                  49-9012.00 Control and Valve Installers and   Furnace Installer; Oil-Burner-
                                                                                                Sales and Marketing          Repairers, Except Mechanical Door             Servicer-and-Installer; Air and
                                                                                                Computers and Electronics    49-9021.02 Refrigeration Mechanics and        Hydronic Balancing Technician
                                                                                                Education and Training       Installers
                                                                                                                             49-9031.00 Home Appliance Repairers
                                                                                                                             49-9094.00 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
OCCUPATION                          DESCRIPTION   TOOLS                     TECHNOLOGY              KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS               RELATED OCCUPATIONS                             ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                    apprenticeable specialties
51-8021.00 - Stationary                           Gas welding or            Data base user          Mechanical                      51-2021.00 Coil Winders, Tapers, and
Engineers and Boiler Operators                    brazing or cutting        interface and query     Engineering and Technology      Finishers
                                                  apparatus — Gas           software — Data entry   Administration and              51-4072.00 Molding, Coremaking, and
Sample of reported job titles:                    brazing equipment;        software; Database      Management                      Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and
Boiler Operator, Stationary                       Oxyacetylene welding      software                Public Safety and Security      Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Engineer, Operating Engineer,                     equipment                 Facilities              Physics                         51-4122.00 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing
Plant Utilities Engineer, Utility                 Pneumatic sanding         management              Chemistry                       Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
Operator, Fireman, Plant                          machines —                software — Building     Mathematics                     51-7041.00 Sawing Machine Setters,
Operator, Stationary Steam                        Descalers; Sandblasters   management system                                       Operators, and Tenders, Wood
Engineer, Boiler Engineer,                        Pressure indicators       software;               Skills                          51-8013.00 Power Plant Operators
Boiler Tender                                     — Bourdon tubes;          Computerized            Equipment Maintenance —         51-8092.00 Gas Plant Operators
                                                  Manifold test gauges;     maintenance             Performing routine              51-9012.00 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying,
                                                  Pressure gauges           management system       maintenance on equipment        Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters,
                                                  Screwdrivers —            CMMS software           and determining when and        Operators, and Tenders
                                                  Phillips head             Graphics or photo       what kind of maintenance is     51-9032.00 Cutting and Slicing Machine
                                                  screwdrivers; Straight    imaging software —      needed.                         Setters, Operators, and Tenders
                                                  screwdrivers              Graphics software       Repairing — Repairing           51-9071.07 Precious Metal Workers
                                                  Taps or dies — Dies;      Spreadsheet             machines or systems using       51-9196.00 Paper Goods Machine Setters,
                                                  Taps                      software — Microsoft    the needed tools.               Operators, and Tenders
                                                                            Excel                   Operation Monitoring —
                                                                            Word processing         Watching gauges, dials, or
                                                                            software — Microsoft    other indicators to make sure
                                                                            Word                    a machine is working
                                                                                                    Operation and Control —
                                                                                                    Controlling operations of
                                                                                                    equipment or systems.
                                                                                                    Troubleshooting —
                                                                                                    Determining causes of
                                                                                                    operating errors and deciding
                                                                                                    what to do about it.
                                                                                                    Installation — Installing
                                                                                                    equipment, machines, wiring,
                                                                                                    or programs to meet
                                                                                                    Equipment Selection —
                                                                                                    Determining the kind of tools
                                                                                                    and equipment needed to do a

51-8013.00 - Power Plant                                                                            Mechanical                      49-3031.00 Bus and Truck Mechanics and          There are 3 recognized
Operators                                                                                           Public Safety and Security      Diesel Engine Specialists                       apprenticeable specialties
                                                                                                    Computers and Electronics       51-4011.00 Computer-Controlled Machine          associated with this occupation:
Sample of reported job titles:                                                                      Chemistry                       Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic               Hydroelectric-Station Operator;
Auxiliary Operator, Control                                                                                                         51-8021.00 Stationary Engineers and Boiler      Power-Plant Operator; Turbine
Operator, Operations and                                                                            Skills                          Operators                                       Operator
Maintenance Technician (O & M                                                                       Operation Monitoring —
Technician), Unit Operator,                                                                         Watching gauges, dials, or
Power Plant Operator, Boiler                                                                        other indicators to make sure
Operator, Control Center                                                                            a machine is working
Operator, Control Room                                                                              properly.
OCCUPATION                        DESCRIPTION             TOOLS                    TECHNOLOGY                KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS             RELATED OCCUPATIONS                         ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                       apprenticeable specialties
Operator, Operations and                                                                                     Operation and Control —
Maintenance Gas Turbine                                                                                      Controlling operations of
Technician, Plant Control                                                                                    equipment or systems.
Operator                                                                                                     Equipment Maintenance —
                                                                                                             Performing routine
                                                                                                             maintenance on equipment
                                                                                                             and determining when and
                                                                                                             what kind of maintenance is

13-1051.00 - Cost Estimators      Prepare cost            Desktop computers        Accounting software       Mathematics                   13-1023.00 Purchasing Agents, Except
                                  estimates for           Notebook computers       — Choice Job Cost;        Engineering and Technology    Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products
Sample of reported job titles:    product                 Personal computers       Cost accounting           Economics and Accounting      13-1031.01 Claims Examiners, Property and
Estimator, Cost Estimator,        manufacturing,          Personal digital         software; Intuit          Computers and Electronics     Casualty Insurance
Estimator Project Manager,        construction            assistant PDAs or        QuickBooks; National      Administration and            13-1032.00 Insurance Appraisers, Auto
Project Manager, Construction     projects, or services   organizers — Personal    Job Cost software         Management                    Damage
Estimator, Cost Analyst, Design   to aid management       digital assistants PDA   Analytical or             Design                        13-2031.00 Budget Analysts
Consultant, Operations            in bidding on or        Tablet computers         scientific software —     Production and Processing
Manager, Sales Engineer           determining price of                             Construction              Building and Construction
                                  product or service.                              Management Software
                                  May specialize                                   ProEst; QSM SLIM;
                                  according to                                     Resources Calculations
                                  particular service                               Incorporated SoftCost;
                                  performed or type                                WinEstimator WinEst
                                  of product                                       Financial analysis
                                  manufactured.                                    software — Cost
                                                                                   estimation software;
                                                                                   CPR International
                                                                                   Visual Estimator; IBM
                                                                                   Costimater; Softstar
                                                                                   Costar COCOMO II
                                                                                   Project management
                                                                                   software — Assured
                                                                                   Software JPP; Galorath
                                                                                   SEER-SEM; Sage
                                                                                   Software Sage Master
                                                                                   Builder; Xactware
                                                                                   Spreadsheet software
                                                                                   — Apple AppleWorks;
                                                                                   Corel QuattroPro; IBM
                                                                                   Lotus 1-2-3; Microsoft

49-9044.00 - Millwrights          Install, dismantle,     Gauges or inspection     Computer aided design     Mechanical                    49-3011.00 Aircraft Mechanics and Service   There are 4 recognized
                                  or move machinery       fixtures — Dial          CAD software —            Building and Construction     Technicians                                 apprenticeable specialties
Sample of reported job titles:    and heavy               indicators; Sheave       Autodesk AutoCAD          Design                        49-9042.00 Maintenance and Repair           associated with this occupation:
Millwright, Maintenance           equipment               gauges; Taper gauges;    software; SolidWorks                                    Workers, General                            Machinery Erector; Millwright;
Mechanic, Maintenance             according to layout     Telescoping gauges       CAD software                                            51-2011.00 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces,    Millwright; Automated Equipment
Millwright                        plans, blueprints, or   Hammers — Ball peen      Office suite software —                                 Rigging, and Systems Assemblers             Engineer-Technician
                                  other drawings.         hammers; Claw            Microsoft Office                                        51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine
                                                          hammers; Dead-blow                                                               Assemblers
                                                          hammers; Steel                                                                   51-4041.00 Machinists
OCCUPATION                       DESCRIPTION            TOOLS                      TECHNOLOGY             KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS           RELATED OCCUPATIONS                      ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                               apprenticeable specialties
                                                        Hoists — Chain falls;
                                                        Chain hoists; Overhead
                                                        hoists; Tuggers
                                                        Levels — Carpenters'
                                                        levels; Electronic
                                                        levels; Laser levels;
                                                        Precision levels
                                                        Micrometers — Depth
                                                        micrometers; Inside
                                                        micrometers; Outside
                                                        micrometers; Small
                                                        hole gauges
                                                        Milling cutters — End
                                                        mills; Vertical milling
                                                        Punches or nail sets
                                                        or drifts — Center
                                                        punches; Drift pins;
                                                        Hole punches; Transfer
                                                        Workshop presses —
                                                        Arbor presses; Drill
                                                        presses; Magnetic drill
                                                        presses; Press brakes

47-2121.00 - Glaziers            Install glass in       Files — Bastard files;     Computer aided         Building and Construction   47-2041.00 Carpet Installers
                                 windows, skylights,    Half moon files; Round     design CAD software    Mathematics                 47-3011.00 Helpers--Brickmasons,
Sample of reported job titles:   store fronts, and      files                      — D-CALC FACADE        Mechanical                  Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and
Glazier, Installer               display cases, or on   Glass cutters —            4000                                               Marble Setters
                                 surfaces, such as      Automatic cutting          Facilities
                                 building fronts,       tables; Center punches;    management
                                 interior walls,        Side cutters; Wheel        software — Work
                                 ceilings, and          cutters                    order software
                                 tabletops.             Grinding or polishing      Project management
                                                        machines — Automatic       software — American
                                                        diamond wheel edgers;      Glazing Software AGS
                                                        Glass routers; Polishing   WindowPricer; Bid
                                                        machines; Portable air     Master software;
                                                        routers                    Constructive
                                                        Levels — Builders'         Computing QuickEST
                                                        levels; Laser levels;      Windows
                                                        Spirit levels
                                                        Platform lift —
                                                        Platform lifts; Self-
                                                        propelled elevated work
                                                        platforms; Swing
                                                        Power saws — Cutoff
                                                        saws; Glass saws;
                                                        Power miter saws;
                                                        Reciprocating saws
                                                        Screwdrivers — Flat
                                                        screwdrivers; Phillips
                                                        head screwdrivers;
OCCUPATION                        DESCRIPTION             TOOLS                        TECHNOLOGY               KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS            RELATED OCCUPATIONS                            ASSOCIATED recognized
                                                                                                                                                                                            apprenticeable specialties
                                                          Robertson screwdrivers
47-2211.00 - Sheet Metal          Fabricate, assemble,    Hammers — Ball peen          Computer aided           Mechanical                   51-2021.00 Coil Winders, Tapers, and
Workers                           install, and repair     hammers; Bumping             design CAD software      Mathematics                  Finishers
                                  sheet metal             hammers; Setting             — Autodesk AutoCAD       Building and Construction    51-4021.00 Extruding and Drawing Machine
Sample of reported job titles:    products and            hammers                      software; Parametric     Design                       Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and
Sheet Metal Mechanic, Sheet       equipment, such as      Metal cutters —              Technology               Production and Processing    Plastic
Metal Worker, Journeyman          ducts, control          Aviation snips; Hand         Pro/ENGINEER                                          51-4033.00 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing,
Sheetmetal Worker, HVAC           boxes, drainpipes,      notchers; Power              software; UGS NX; XY                                  and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators,
Sheet Metal Installer (Heating,   and furnace casings.    notchers; V-notchers         Soft Sheet Cutting                                    and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Ventilation, and Air              Work may involve        Punches or nail sets         Suite                                                 51-4035.00 Milling and Planing Machine
Conditioning Sheet Metal          any of the following:   or drifts — Center           Computer aided                                        Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and
Installer), Sheet Metal           setting up and          punches; Prick               manufacturing CAM                                     Plastic
Apprentice, Field Installer,      operating fabricating   punches; Punches;            software — Applied                                    51-4111.00 Tool and Die Makers
HVAC Technician (Heating,         machines to cut,        Rotary punches               Production ProFab;                                    51-9141.00 Semiconductor Processors
Ventilation, and Air              bend, and               Sequential forming           JETCAM Expert; Striker                                51-9195.07 Molding and Casting Workers
Conditioning Technician), Sheet   straighten sheet        machines — Bar               Systems SS-Profile;
Metal Installer, HVAC Sheet       metal; shaping          folders; Beading             WiCAM PN4000
Metal Specialist (Heating,        metal over anvils,      machines; Spiral duct        Data base user
Ventilation, and Air              blocks, or forms        machines; Wiring             interface and query
Conditioning Sheet Metal          using hammer;           machines                     software — Data entry
Specialist), Sheet Metal Layout   operating soldering     Shears — Power               software
Mechanic                          and welding             shears; Ring and             Spreadsheet
                                  equipment to join       circular shears;             software
                                  sheet metal parts;      Squaring shears;
                                  inspecting,             Unishears
                                  assembling, and         Workshop presses —
                                  smoothing seams         Drill presses; Hand
                                  and joints of burred    brakes; Power presses;
                                  surfaces.               Rivet presses

47-4011.00 - Construction and                             Circuit tester —             Compliance software      Building and Construction    13-2021.02   Appraisers, Real Estate           There are 5 recognized
Building Inspectors                                       Circuit analyzers;           — Automated permit       Engineering and Technology   17-2111.01   Industrial Safety and Health      apprenticeable specialties
                                                          Continuity testers;          system software;         Customer and Personal        Engineers                                      associated with this occupation:
Sample of reported job titles:                            Electrical circuit testers   NorthWest Builders       Service Mathematics          33-2021.01   Fire Inspectors                   Inspector, Building; Boiler and
Building Inspector, Engineering                           Force or torque              Network Plan Analyst;    Public Safety and Security   53-6051.01   Aviation Inspectors               Pressure Vessel Inspector; Field
Technician, Construction                                  sensors — Force              OptaSoft Commercial      Design                       53-6051.08   Freight and Cargo Inspectors      Tech Concrete/Masonry Insp; Field
Inspector, Engineer, Associate                            gauges; Torque meters        Building Inspector       Mechanical                                                                  Tech Soil/Asphalt Inspect; Field
Architect, Construction Project                           Levels — Automatic           Data base user           Law and Government                                                          Tech Steel/Weld/Fireprof Insp
Supervisor, Inspector, Plumbing                           levels; Electronic           interface and query      Physics
Inspector, Building Code                                  levels; Lock levels;         software — Database
Administrator, Building                                   Optical levels               software; Real estate
Mechanical Engineer                                       Liquid leak detectors        and tax software
                                                          — Refrigerant leakage        Map creation
                                                          detectors; Ultrasonic        software — ESRI
                                                          leak detectors               ArcView; Trimble
                                                          Measuring wheels for         Digital Fieldbook
                                                          distance — Distance          Spreadsheet
                                                          wheels; Map wheels           software — Microsoft
                                                                                       Word processing
                                                                                       software — Inspection
                                                                                       Depot Home Guide
                                                                                       System; Microsoft
                                                                                       Word; New
                                                                                                       apprenticeable specialties
                                   construction inspection
                                   form software;
                                   Residential home
                                   inspection form
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and
coordination of people and resources.
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their
interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and
evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production
of various goods and services.
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-
atomic structures and processes.
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and
sales control systems.
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.

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