The aesthetic purpose of this assignment is for the beginning photographer to take
notice of the different possibilities that movement can bring to a photograph. The control
of “movement” is another factor that distinguishes an ordinary snapshot from that of a
professional quality photograph. Movement can determine many visual qualities of a
photograph, for example “time” or “action.” Controlling the amount of “blur”, “stop
action” or “panning” in a photograph is considered to be one of the “Creative Controls”
in the picture taking process. The tool on the camera that controls movement is the
“shutter speed.” Blur: is actually capturing your subject on film and the image of the
subject appears to be out of focus and blurred, but everything else in the photograph is
sharp. This effect is possible through the use of slow shutter speeds, normally 1/30 to 1
second. The slower the shutter speed = to increase blur. It is possible to have too long of
a shutter speed for the subject being photographed and in this example you would not
even capture an image of your subject on film because the subject is moving too fast to
be registered on the film. Your camera must be placed on a tripod to avoid camera
shake. Stop Action: is the elimination of blur and produces a sharp image were the
subject appears to be frozen in time. This is accomplished by using fast shutter speeds
1/125 to 1/1000 or faster. Camera shake is not a problem because of the fast shutter
speeds. Panning: Keeps a moving subject sharp and the subject appears to be frozen in
time but the background will be very blurred. To accomplish this, the photographer must
move the camera in the same direction and at the same speed of the subject while
shooting. Use shutter speeds of 1/15 to 1/60.
**Factors other than shutter speeds that control movement:
(1) “speed” how fast is the subject moving.
(2) “distance” how far the subject is away from the camera.
(3) “angle” direction in which the subject is coming into the frame of the image.
NOTE: Camera shake is caused by the actual movement of the camera when the
camera‟s shutter is fired; this happens when the shutter speed goes below the “standard
shutter speed” based on the size of the lens. The “standard shutter speed” for any lens is
the size of the lens under “1/”, for example if the lens on your camera is a 50mm lens then
your “standard shutter speed” will be 1/60, if your lens size is 135mm then you “standard
shutter speed” would be 1/125.
Which shutter speed will allow the most blur? 1/_____.
Which shutter speed will stop the most movement? 1/____.
How fast should your shutter speed be not to get camera shake using a 200mm lens?
The technical purpose of this assignment is to use the theory “Reciprocity.” Remember
reciprocity is the “equal” exposure of a negative for the purpose of “creative control.”
The term we use for the actual adjustment to our exposure is called an “Equivalent
Exposure.” This time the shutter speed will be the determining factor when deciding on a
correct exposure, NOT the Fstop/aperture.
This assignment is open for your interpretation: your photographs can have people or a
person, or the subject could be an object. But the one item that must be present in each
and every photograph is movement control. You can use „shutter priority mode‟ or
manual mode for this assignment. Use ISO100 outside, or ISO400 if indoors.
What To Turn In:
1. (1)-8X10 inch print dry mounted on 11X14 inch mounting board.
2. Contact sheet printed to "base+fog".
3. Negatives in a protector sheet.
4. The technical data sheet completely filled out correctly
5. All of the above in an envelope with your name, A4, and ART141 clearly marked.
(EX. Smith_A4, ART 141)
DUE DATE: November 10