Free weekly_ by wuzhenguang


                                           today                                                                                                Free
                                                                                                                                               weekly!                                      Jelle Cleymans, p.16

NOVEMBER 05 2008                                 i           N°54               i           i N D E P E N D E N T N E W S W E E k ly                    i      W W W. f l a N D E R S T O D ay. E U

                                                                                                                                                                                  Erkenningsnummer P708816

landscapes of war
ninety years ago, the guns fell silent on the Western Front. But what happened after
that? not many people are aware of the extraordinary story of reconstruction and
renewal in the land known as Flanders Fields
Denzil Walton                               Front. In Flanders, the front line             town of Ypres, and past Mesen to       relative safety behind the front line destruction. In this long, narrow

F    or most of the First World             extended from Nieuwpoort on the                the French border. Its width varied    and see the German army moving stretch of West Flanders, more
     War, Allied and German                 coast, along the banks of the previ-           from two to 10 kilometres, so that     in relative peace on the other side. than half a million soldiers were
     forces were involved in                ously picturesque River IJzer, past            on a clear day a Belgian soldier         The land in between, however,
trench warfare along the Western            Diksmuide, around the medieval                 would have been able to stand in       was a monstrous hell of death and                   Continued on page 4

                                                                                                                 Belgium in the top five of nations with highest tax
                                                                                                                 low threshold for top rate adds to tax burden
                                                                                                                 Alan Hope                                     the Netherlands at 52%, and equal with

                                                                                                                 B   elgium remains one of the world’s         Austria and Japan. The average for all
                                                                                                                     top five nations for the tax burden       countries studied was 28.8%.
                                                                                                                 placed on individuals, according to a            Top rates came down on average by 2.5%
                                                                                                                 study carried out by economic consult-        over the period studied, with wide vari-
 Arts                                Active                                Living                                ants KPMG. The study looked at top tax        ations. France cut its rate from 48.1% to
                                                                                                                                                               40%, Germany from 48.5% to 45%, while
                                                                                                                 rates and thresholds, and concluded that
 Sex! Outrage! Passion! Dance-       Belgium would pretty much             Is that beer really Belgian?          Belgium not only has a higher top rate, but   Italy and Spain both cut top rates from
 theatre show Otango comes from      shrivel up and die without one of     Welcome to the first in a four-part   also a lower threshold above which the top    45% to 43%.
 Argentina, but the whole idea       chocolate’s key ingredients: sugar.   series that introduces the best       rate applies.                                    The study also points to the “significant
 developed right here in Flanders    The Sugar Museum in Tienen scoops     of the officially certified Belgian      Top-rate taxation has remained constant    new development” involving the introduc-
                                     up amazingly unexpected facts         Family Brewers                        at 50% for the duration of the period stud-   tion of flat-rate taxes in Europe, mainly
                                                                                                                 ied, from 2003 to 2008. That puts Belgium     in Central and Eastern Europe. The latest
                                                                                                                 behind Denmark at 59%, Sweden at 55%,                               Continued on page 6
 10                                  11                                    13

      Feature 1, 4-5                News 3, 6                Business 7-8                    Arts 9-10               Active 11              Living 13            Agenda 14-15            Interview 16
2 i                                                                                                                                                          F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8

EDITOR’S NOTES                                                                                                  FACE OF FLANDERS                                                                 TALKING DUTCH
                                                                                                                                                                                                 notes on language
 Met onze jongens aan de IJzer


 E    ighty years ago, Clemens De
      Landtsheer made a film about
 the First World War in Flanders
                                                      The movie’s impact was enor-
                                                   mous; it was screened more than
                                                   400 times in cinemas across
 titled Met onze jongens aan de                    Flanders and provided De Landt-
 IJzer, or With Our Boys on the                    sheer with the funding to create
 Yser. He based it on old footage                  the Flandria Film production
 from the war taken by the French                  company.
 and Belgian armies, combined                         The Royal Film Archives in
 with images from sentimental                      Brussels owns a colour version of                                                                                                             voorrang
 war movies of the time. The end                   the 1933 movie, which was fully
 result wasn’t exactly propaganda,
 but it wasn’t straight documen-
                                                   restored in 1991. To mark the
                                                   90th anniversary of the Armi-                                                                                                                 One urbanBrusselsthathospitaltothat had rounds
                                                                                                                                                                                                     was of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               myth used do the
                                                                                                                                                                                                 special ward for injured foreign drivers. These
 tary either.                                      stice, the archive has brought out
    De Landtsheer was a Flemish                    a new DVD of the film and its                                                                                                                 were not just those who came from drive-on-
 nationalist who served as Secre-                  original soundtrack, along with                                                                                                               the-left countries but mainly people who were
 tary of the IJzer Committee, and                  several other films by De Landt-                                                                                                              not at home with the Belgian right-of-way
 his aim in making the film was to                 sheer. It comes with subtitles in                                                                                                             rules. A couple of beds were also reserved for
 show the suffering of the Flemish                 English and a commentary on                                                                                                                   foreign pedestrians who thought that zebra
 soldiers in the trenches at a time                its political significance by three                                                                                                           crossings were for pedestrians.
 when the military leaders were                    scholars from Ghent University.                                                                                                               All nonsense of course, though foreign
 almost entirely drawn from the                       Met onze jongens aan de IJzer
 French-speaking elite. Inevitably,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 drivers should be forewarned about the
 he occasionally allowed his polit-
                                                   might not be the most factual of                                                                                                              voorrangsregels _ the right-of-way rules
                                                   films, but it provides a fascinating                                                                                                          on Belgian roads, which, unless the road is
 ical enthusiasm to blur his objec-                insight into a key period in Euro-
 tivity, creating a film that used                                                                                                                                                               marked otherwise, always give priority to
                                                   pean history when the Flemish
 the horrors of trench warfare to                  were struggling for equal rights                                                                                                              drivers to your right, no matter how small
 further the Flemish movement.                     with French speakers.                                                                                                                         the road.
 But who can blame him for doing                                                                                                                                                                 Until recently, als je al gestopt was, was je
                                                                                                                Paul Janssen
                                                   Derek Blyth
 so at a time when the Belgian                                                                                                                                                                   de voorrang van rechts kwijt _ if you had
 government flatly refused to                                                                                                                                                                    already stopped, you no longer had right of
 provide grieving Flemish parents
 with gravestones of their sons
 inscribed in Dutch?
                                                                                                                F    or its 25th anniversary, Eos Sciences magazine polled 6,300 people
                                                                                                                     to find “Belgium’s greatest scientist”. The honour went to Paul
                                                                                                                                                                                                 way. This resulted in court cases where the one
                                                                                                                                                                                                 said: Hij had geen voorrang, edelachtbare, hij
                                                                                                                Janssen, a Flemish chemist who has developed medicines that have                 was gestopt _ he had no right of way, your
                                                                                                                saved millions of lives across the world.                                        honour, he had stopped; to which the other
                                                                                                 Getty Images

                                                                                                                   Born in Turnhout in 1926, Janssen studied chemistry, biology and
                                                                                                                physics in Namur and in 1951 earned a degree in medicine from Ghent              would retort: Niet waar, ik had alleen maar
                                                                                                                University with a specialisation in pharmacology. The world of medi-             afgeremd _ Not true, I had only slowed down.
                                                                                                                cine was very different in those days, and many doctors caused more              Now the law is different: wie stopt, behoudt
                                                                                                                damage than the disease itself. Often the choice for many patients was           de voorrang van rechts _ he who stops keeps
                                                                                                                to either wait for spontaneous healing or let nature run its course.             the right of way from the right. This explains
                                                                                                                   This was still the situation when Janssen began his career. Work-             why you may sometimes see two cars stopped
                                                                                                                ing part time at Ghent University, he created his own drug research              at a junction with the drivers warily eyeing
                                                                                                                company with a loan of 50,000 francs (€1,250) from his father. He                each other.
                                                                                                                met a great deal of resistance from colleagues, but criticism faded              The word voorrang comes from voor and rang
                                                                                                                after he discovered ambucetamide, an anti-spasmodic treatment for                _ fore or first, and position or rank. Other
                                                                                                                the relief of menstrual pain.                                                    voor words include voordeel _ advantage
                                                                                                                   In 1956, he gave up his part-time job to set up the company Jans-
                                                                                                                sen Pharmaceutica. Two years later, he developed haloperidol, an                 (“first part”); voorsprong _ head start
                                                                                                                anti-psychotic for the treatment of schizophrenia. There followed a              (“jump ahead”); voorbeeld _ example (“first
                                                                                                                steady stream of successful drugs, such as domperidone, Imodium                  picture”); voorpagina _ front page; voorlopig
                                                                                                                                                                                                 _ provisional (“running ahead”); voorkomen
                                                                                                                and miconazole, which established Janssen as one of the world’s lead-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 _ prevent (“come first”); voornaam _ first
 Cover                                                                                                          ing pharmaceutical companies.
                                                                                                                   As well as being a brilliant scientist, Janssen was a successful busi-        name; voorspelling _ prediction or prophecy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 My favourite voor word is voorbode _ a
 M     ike Sheil took the photograph on the cover of this issue near
       Bayernwald looking west, with the low hill of Kemmelberg
 in the background and the Croenart Chapel Cemetery in the fore-
                                                                                                                nessman who gradually expanded his company into other countries.
                                                                                                                He had a firm belief in the role of medicine in alleviating poverty and
                                                                                                                in 1985 set up the first Western pharmaceutical factory in China.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 forerunner or an omen (“messenger ahead”).
                                                                                                                                                                                                 You can cast your mind back some months and
 ground.                                                                                                           The company’s expansion plans eventually took it to the moon,                 think of some precursors of the present crisis
                                                                                                                when Lomotil, a medication for treating diarrhoea, was used in the               _ voorbodes van de huidige crisis. Or when
 online                                                                                                         Apollo space programs. Janssen became a Baron in 1990 but contin-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 the clocks change back again, you can look
                                                                                                                ued his groundbreaking work, turning his attention to AIDS. In 1995,
                                                                                                                together with Belgian scientist Paul Lewi, he founded the Centre for             out for swallows _ zwaluwen, de voorbodes
                                                                                                                Molecular Design to harness the powers of supercomputers in devel-               van de lente _ the heralds of spring. The word
                                                                                                                oping new treatments for AIDS.                                                   may look vaguely familiar. It gives us the
      Flanders Today                                                                                               Over the years, Janssen Pharmaceutica has developed over 80
                                                                                                                medicines, including five that made it onto the list of essential medi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 English word “foreboding”, meaning a feeling
                                                                                                                                                                                                 that something bad is going to happen, yet
                                                                                                                cines drawn up by the World Health Organization – more than any                  in Dutch voorgevoel (“fore feeling”) would
      independent newsweekly                                                                                    other company.                                                                   probably be used.
      Editor: Derek Blyth                              1180 Brussels                                               Janssen died in Rome in 2003 while attending celebrations to mark             Voorrang is often used with public services:
      Deputy editor: Lisa Bradshaw                     Tel.: 02.373.99.09 _ Fax: 02.375.98.22                   the 400th anniversary of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. Two                 Wie werkt krijgt voorrang bij een sociale
      News editor: Alan Hope                           E-mail:                       years later, the pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson, which
      Agenda: Sarah Crew                               Subscriptions: France Lycops
                                                                                                                                                                                                 woning in Antwerpen _ Those who work get
                                                                                                                had acquired Janssen Pharmaceutica, founded the Dr Paul Janssen
      Picture research: Esther Bourrée                 Tel: 02.373.83.59                                        Award for Biomedical Research.                                                   priority for social housing in Antwerp. Wie
      Prepress: Nancy Temmerman                        E-mail:                      Janssen’s contributions to medicine and humanity have won                     dicht bij school woont, krijgt voorrang _ Those
      Contributors: Marie Dumont, Stéphanie Duval, Advertising: Evelyne Fregonese                               him over 80 awards and 22 honorary doctorates. The only one that                 who live close by a school get preference.
      Sharon Light, Alistair MacLean, Marc Maes,       Tel. 02.373.83.57                                        eluded him was the Nobel Prize, though many colleagues believed he               Some even argue that voorrang van links
      Ian Mundell, Anja Otte, Monique Philips,         E-mail:                     deserved it. Nobel Prize winner Sir James Black once said: “The great-           is veel veiliger _ right of way from the left
      Saffina Rana, Leander Schaerlaeckens,            Verantwoordelijke uitgever: Derek Blyth                  est of us all, Dr Paul, didn’t get it. Perhaps he did too much so that his       is much safer; others want to scrap the rule
      Steven Tate, Christophe Verbiest, Denzil Walton,                                                          work couldn’t be easily summarised in a sentence or two. All I know              _ voorrang afschaffen. Whatever happens,
      Rory Watson                                                                                               is that his life’s work was Nobel Prize worthy.”                                 if you don’t want to end up in that mythical
      Project manager: Pascale Zoetaert                                                                         Stefano Siggia                                                                   ward, or worse, remember that the tram
      Publisher: VUM                                                                                                                                                                             always has right of way: de tram heeft altijd
      NV Vlaamse Uitgeversmaatschappij
      Gossetlaan 28, 1702 Groot-Bijgaarden                                                                      online                                                                           voorrang, ook op voetgangers _ even over
      Editorial address: Waterloosesteenweg 1038                                                                                                            pedestrians.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Alistair MacLean
NEWS                                                                                                                                               F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 3

                                                                                                                                                                                                  FIFTH COLUMN

                                                                                                                                                                                                 Yes, he can
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Someof readers maypopsIs up inawhy Jean-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Marie Dedecker
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 almost every
                                                                                                                                                                                                 issue Fifth Column. this personal
                                                                                                                                                                                                 quirk of your correspondent? Well, not
                                                                                                                                                                                                 really. Jean-Marie Dedecker seems to be
                                                                                                                                                                                                 unavoidable. On that count, only Barack
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Obama does better these days.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Dedecker, whose successful Lijst Dedecker
                                                                                                                                                                                                 drives his political opponents to despair,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 again dominated a relatively quiet week in
                                                                                                                                                                                                 politics. For starters, he made the cover of
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Humo, one of Flanders’ most widely-read
                                                                                                                                                                                                 publications. Known for its humorous art
                                                                                                                                                                                                 work, the magazine portrayed him as
                                                                                                                                                                                                 a devil with two horns and a diabolical
                                                                                                                                                                                                 grin. In the interview, Dedecker said some
                                                                                                                                                                                                 remarkable things. I have a scandal ready
                                                                                                                                                                                                 for the 2009 elections, he warned. This
                                                                                                                                                                                                 means that Dedecker knows about some
PHOTO OF THE WEEK l JAN FABRE An art installation by Jan Fabre consisting                       is the latest in a line of perishable works by Fabre, following dead beetles hung from the       kind of dishonesty (possibly corruption),
of onions and potatoes suspended within condoms has provoked protests among museum              Royal Palace and a work composed of Ganda ham wrapped around pillars at a University of          yet he prefers to keep silent until the time
visitors because the produce has begun to rot. Visitors to the Museum for Contemporary Art      Ghent building. The Antwerp museum bought the idea for the work some years ago. For the          is right for him to cash in politically.
(Muhka) in Antwerp have complained about the smell of the work by Fabre, arguably the           installation, vegetables and contraceptives were hung by museum staff themselves.                Questioned about this in the discussion
most famous contemporary Flemish artist. The installation, entitled “Spring is on the Way”,                                                                                                      programme Phara, Dedecker found
                                                                                                                                                                                                 himself in his favourite position – on his
                                                                                                                                                                                                 own, confronting three journalists and
                                                                                                                                                                                                 a writer. This is the establishment, in his
                                                                                                                                                                                                 eyes. Dedecker, who after all is a former
                                                                                                                                                                                                 judo coach, enjoys a good fight.
THE WEEK IN FLANDERS                                                                                                                                                                             Other politicians can only dream of that
                                                                                                                                                                                                 kind of exposure. When Vlaams Belang
                                                                                                                                                                                                 held its party congress on Sunday, half
Wednesday 29 October                             late payments, according to a study by         for September, there was some e200               existing species were developed by Belgian
                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the quotes that made the TV news
l The Brussels prosecutor’s office launched      Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.         billion in credit lines available – more         plant breeders.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 were about...Dedecker. Again. This is, of
an investigation into allegations that the       Half of all bills are paid after 30 to 60      than last year at this time. l The federal
                                                                                                                                                 Monday 3 November                               course, no coincidence. The reason Vlaams
board of Fortis Bank knowingly spread            days, and 20% only after 60 days. l The        government was reported to be looking
                                                                                                                                                 l A liberal police union has described as       Belang feels compelled to underline
false information regarding its financial        number of car jackings is falling faster in    into a financial rescue for troubled aircraft
                                                                                                                                                 “scandalous” a petition being circulated by     the difference between itself and Lijst
situation. This follows claims that the impact   Wallonia than in Flanders, according to        manufacturer Soneca. This follows a request
                                                                                                                                                 senior police officers in the Brussels-Elsene   Dedecker is because it is losing votes to
of the American mortgage crisis was known        figures from the federal police. Whereas       from French-speaking parties hoping for
                                                                                                                                                 zone, calling for support for police chief      Dedecker. A couple of weeks ago, a similar
long before it was admitted. l People in         there were 511 in Flanders and 508 in          a quid pro quo for the capital injection
                                                                                                                                                 Guido Van Wymersch, who is currently            scene was to be found at the congress of
Flanders pay on average e1,000 more              Wallonia in 2003, the numbers have             of e3.5 billion in the mainly Flemish
                                                                                                                                                 under investigation for fraud. l Police         SP.A, a completely different party in all
for a funeral than people in Wallonia,           dropped to 344 in Wallonia and 452 in          KBC bank. l Vlaams Belang MP Frank
                                                                                                                                                 have reopened an investigation into the         respects, but one that is also losing voters
according to consumer rights organisation        Flanders. Police promise the crime would       Vanhecke could be prosecuted for racism
                                                                                                                                                 bags used to wrap the body of murdered          to Dedecker.
Test-Aankoop. l A Leuven chef won first          remain “a top priority”. l A 34-year-old       if the European Parliament follows the
                                                                                                                                                 student Annick Van Uytsel, who disappeared      For years Vlaams Belang, and its
prize at the International Chinese Cookery       son of restaurant owners from Eindhout has     advice of its own judicial committee and lifts
                                                                                                                                                 in April 2007 on her way home to Diest          predecessor Vlaams Blok, never lost
Competition in Beijing. Peh-Fo Pak of the        been named the world’s best beer-pourer.       his parliamentary immunity. Vanhecke is
                                                                                                                                                 from a party in Schaffen. They include a        an election. The international media
Ming Dynasty restaurant won gold medals          Tommy Goukens won this year’s Stella           alleged to have sanctioned the publication
                                                                                                                                                 rare sort of grey sack made from recycled       flocked to tell the story. And, although
in two categories for his seafood platter        Artois World Draught Master, organised by      of a racist opinion in a party pamphlet in
                                                                                                                                                 material, which, if identified, could help      Vlaams Belang was banned to the
and his lamb chops with courgette flowers.       the Leuven-based brewer InBev, defeating       Sint-Niklaas.
                                                                                                                                                 lead to the killer. l A man overpowered a       opposition benches because of its extreme
l A decision by the Antwerp police chief         a dozen international competitors. l The
                                                                                                Weekend 1 and 2 November                         customer in the safety-deposit room of an       programme on immigration, Flanders was
to make officers wear fluorescent vests          mayor of Bilzen in Limburg province called
                                                                                                l The government is considering sending          ING bank in Overijse and walked out with        seen by the outside world as a nasty, little,
over their uniforms risks turning them into      for Maastricht to close its coffee shops in
                                                                                                a battalion of troops to Congo to take part      44 kg of gold worth some e800,000. The          racist region. The Belgian press, too, was
“walking targets,” union representatives         an effort to tackle “drugs tourism” in the
                                                                                                in a possible EU peace-keeping force in the      victim, aged 37, said the robber had his        once fascinated by Vlaams Belang. Take
said. The original plan was for the vests        border area. “Maastricht is Europe’s biggest
                                                                                                North-Kivu region. But the move would go         hand in his pocket as if holding a gun. l       Filip Dewinter’s speech at the congress last
to be worn in traffic situations, but that       drugs supermarket. Shut the store down,”
                                                                                                against a decision by the parliamentary          Jazz critic and teacher Juul Anthonissen,       Sunday. His appeal for fiscal disobedience
has now been extended to include other           said Johan Sauwens. l Belgium has 2,500
                                                                                                commission investigating the Rwanda              known for his reviews in De Standaard and       (refusing to pay the taxes that flow to
interventions. l One Belgian in four has         advisers working in politicians’ private
                                                                                                massacre, which resolved never again to          his classes at the conservatories of Ghent      Wallonia) would once have filled the
sleep problems, according to a survey by         offices, compared to only 1,250 in France,
                                                                                                send Belgian troops to a former colony           and Brussels, has died at the age of 77.        newspapers for days on end. Now it was
research organisation Ipsos. Complaints          a country with six times the population,
                                                                                                following the massacre of 10 paratroopers.       Anthonissen also organised concerts and         treated as a pathetic attempt to get some
include inability to fall asleep and waking      according to a study by think-tank Itinera.
                                                                                                l Fourteen prisoners have committed              festivals and was responsible for bringing      attention.
too early, the study said. l The town of         Friday 31 October                                                                                                                               The international press has yet to discover
                                                                                                suicide in Belgian jails so far this year,       jazz giants such as Charlie Mingus and Keith
Kasterlee in Antwerp province is to ban                                                                                                                                                          Jean-Marie Dedecker. The story he tells is,
                                                 l October was the hardest month ever           more than in the whole of 2007, the justice      Jarrett to Flanders.
the sale of beer, glühwein and genever                                                                                                                                                           of course, less easy. He strongly believes
                                                 for the Bel-20, the index of major stocks      ministry confirmed. l Belgium produces
at its annual Christmas market this year,                                                                                                                                                        in the free market economy and in
                                                 traded on the Brussels stock exchange. In      half of the total European production of
following a serious brawl that took place                                                                                                                                                        personal liberty. He discloses scandal after
                                                 four weeks, the 20 top-quoted stocks lost      chrysanthemums, which are widely used
during last year’s festivities. “We want to                                                                                                                                                      scandal, embarrassing many of his political
                                                 about a quarter of their value. l There is     on 1 November in Catholic countries to
bring back a cosy Christmas atmosphere,”
said mayor Ward Kennes.
                                                 no shortage of credit in Belgium despite       decorate graves. The typical ball-shaped                         Breaking news                   opponents. And, somehow, he seems to be
                                                 the global financial crisis, according to      flower is grown in 400 ha of open land                      for breaking news see                everywhere these days. Him, and Barack
Thursday 30 October                              Febelfin, which represents the financial       and 21 ha of greenhouses, producing 11.5                           Obama.
l One business in 10 has problems with           sector. According to the latest figures        million plants a year. Some 90% of all                      under “press room”                   Anja Otte
                            4 i                                                                                                                               F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8

In Flanders Fields Museum

                      Home sweet home: Nissan huts provided temporary accommodation for many families

                      Continued from page 1                       Museum in Ypres (or Ieper in                    Chielens. “I know of houses on the   River IJzer and the two lakes that                                killed everything living in their
                                                                  Dutch). “One farmer returned to                 outskirts of Ypres with sheds in     provided water to Ypres were                                      path, including livestock and
                      killed, wounded or went missing.            his farm, found absolutely noth-                their back gardens that were built   contaminated. Local breweries                                     vegetation. The Belgian Ministry
                      Tens of thousands of civilians were         ing recognisable and committed                  in 1919.”                            came to the rescue by drilling deep                               of Agriculture provided new seeds
                      forced to flee for their lives, and         suicide. Another man from Ypres                   Other families took over aban-     holes and pumping up clean water,                                 and plants, while farmers in the
                      villages, farms, woods and fields           couldn’t find a trace of his farm               doned Nissen huts – the prefab-      which they used both for brewing                                  Netherlands – particularly from
                      were totally devastated. When               until he spotted a tap to an under-             ricated, portable buildings devel-   and to provide potable water to                                   the province of Limburg – donated
                      peace was finally restored 90 years         ground water pipe that he had                   oped by Major Peter Nissen of the    local inhabitants.                                                cattle, horses and chickens. Slowly
                      ago, on 11 November, 1918, virtu-           installed in 1914. It was the only              Royal Engineers in 1916. At least       The next task was to redevelop                                 but surely, new life began to return
                      ally nothing was left of the origi-         thing remaining of his property.”               100,000 of them were produced in     and restock the land. This was                                    to the Devastated Lands.
                      nal landscape. The area became                The first priority was to build               the First World War as temporary     necessary not only in the war zone                                   Still, working in Flanders Fields
                      known as the Verwoeste Gewesten             temporary accommodation. Scat-                  barracks for soldiers. The Belgian   itself but up to 10 kilometres on                                 in the early 1920s was a danger-
                      – the Devastated Lands.                     tered around the battlefields were              government also provided some        either side. One of the reasons                                   ous occupation. It has been esti-
                         What happened next is a                  huge dumps of wood and scrap                    people with temporary wooden         was the extensive use of chlorine,                                mated that a quarter of the one
                      remarkable story of the perse-              iron, which were used to construct              huts.                                phosgene and mustard gases in                                     billion projectiles fired during the
                      verance and opportunism of the              basic huts and sheds. “Amazingly,                 The availability of clean drink-   the region. These poisonous gases                                 First World War failed to explode
                      Flemish people. After the Armi-             some of them still exist today,” says           ing water was a problem. The         were not only fatal to humans but                                 and remained live. Farm labour-
                      stice, two action plans were hast-                                                                                                                                                                 ers were constantly being maimed
                      ily formulated. The first was to                                                                                                                                                                   or killed by unexploded shells
                                                                                                                                                                                             In Flanders Fields Museum

                      retrieve, identify (if possible) and                                                                                                                                                               and rockets. It was apparent that
                      bury the bodies of the soldiers                                                                                                                                                                    the initial clean-up operation had
                      who had died on the front. Many                                                                                                                                                                    been too superficial.
                      of these had been left unburied for                                                                                                                                                                   “Around this time some clever
                      years, and all clues as to their iden-                                                                                                                                                             opportunists appeared on the
                      tity had been lost. Others who had                                                                                                                                                                 scene,” says Chielens. “They would
                      been buried in temporary graves                                                                                                                                                                    perform a service of ‘deep digging’.
                      were exhumed and laid to rest in                                                                                                                                                                   For a fee they would thoroughly
                      permanent cemeteries.                                                                                                                                                                              dig out a hectare of land, remove
                         The second task was to level                                                                                                                                                                    all the shells and proclaim it as
                      the ground. The British Army’s                                                                                                                                                                     clean. A number of family fortunes
                      Chinese Labour Corps played a key                                                                                                                                                                  were made in this way.”
                      role in this. Initially shipped over                                                                                                                                                                  Scrap metal merchants also
                      from China to support the fighting                                                                                                                                                                 amassed great personal wealth by
                      soldiers by digging trenches and                                                                                                                                                                   going from battlefield to battlefield
                      latrines, they stayed in Flanders                                                                                                                                                                  collecting shells and selling the
                      after 1918 to help clean up the war                                                                                                                                                                iron and copper. Both jobs were
                      zone and did not return to China                                                                                                                                                                   fraught with danger and frequently
                      until 1920.                                                                                                                                                                                        led to workers losing limbs, if not
                         German prisoners of war were                                                                                                                                                                    their lives.
                      also put to work. Trenches, craters                                                                                                                                                                   With the land beginning to yield
                      and shell holes were filled in, and,                                                                                                                                                               its first crops and livestock increas-
                      at some point, it was declared                                                                                                                                                                     ing in numbers, farm buildings
                      that civilians could be allowed to                                                                                                                                                                 could be rebuilt. Often the same
                      return to the war zone. But they                                                                                                                                                                   architect would be commissioned
                      were warned to expect the worst.                                                                                                                                                                   to build a number of farms and
                         “It would have been an extremely                                                                                                                                                                would simply use the same design.
                      traumatic return – a nightmare                                                                                                                                                                     The result is clearly visible today
                      scenario,” says Piet Chielens, coor-                                                                                                                                                               around Ypres, where the farm
                      dinator of the In Flanders Fields           Living in the ruins: the whole of Ypres was reduced to rubble                                                                                          buildings tend to look alike. In
                                                                                                                                          F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 5

Poperinge and Abele, a few kilo-                and could fairly easily set up home

                                                                                         05 things to do
metres to the east and, therefore,              elsewhere.
out of the immediate war zone,                     It was a similar story with the
the farms are more varied. You can              towns and villages along the front
even find 17th- and 18th-century                line. The town of Ypres was totally
farmsteads in these regions.                    destroyed during the war, and its        01 Visit the In Flanders Fields Museum                                  04 Explore Diksmuide
   A deeper examination of the                  17,000 citizens had no choice but
population statistics of Flanders               to flee. After the war it was rebuilt,   The In Flanders Fields Museum in Ypres is one of the most               “Town Link” is a three-kilometre walk around the West Flanders
Fields before and after the war                 but by 1930 one third of its popu-       impressive museums in Belgium, engaging the visitor with                town of Diksmuide, described in a free route map from the
reveals some interesting anom-                  lation were not the original inhab-      personal stories of real people from the war period. You can follow     Diksmuide tourist office in the town square. It leads you to 16
alies. “Around half of the farms                itants.                                  a particular person – soldier or civilian – through the events of the   information panels that explain details of the town’s past and show
rebuilt in the war zone in the 1920s               “They were the builders, masons,      war, and, in some cases, they actually speak to you. There are also
were not actually reconstructed by              carpenters and architects who had                                                                                the appearance of the townscape before, during and after the war.
the original families,” says Chie-              come from elsewhere in Flanders          touch-screens, multimedia presentations, original film clips and        Halfway you can take a short diversion to the European Peace
lens. “West Flanders was known                  to help reconstruct Ypres,” says         exhibitions focusing on topics such as the media and the war, music     Domain, which consists of the IJzer Tower, the Pax Gate and the
for its rich agricultural land, and,            Chielens. “They liked what they          and war, and war art.                                                   Crypt. The IJzer Tower is a 22-floor museum focusing on the daily
despite the devastation and the                 had helped to rebuild and settled                                                 struggles of Flemish soldiers during the First World War. Its current
unexploded shells, its potentially              here. You can’t blame them. Before                                                                               temporary exhibition is Animals in War.
rich pickings attracted Flemish                 the war Belgium was the second
farmers from agriculturally poorer              biggest industrial power in Europe.      02 Listen to the Last Post                                    
parts of Flanders to come here and              Afterwards, its industrial capacity      Every evening at exactly 20.00, all traffic under the Menin Gate
settle.” This naturally leads to the            was largely destroyed. Rebuilding        Memorial in Ypres is stopped by a local policeman, and local            05 Read a novel
question: where did the original                Ypres was an opportunity for long-       buglers perform the Last Post – the traditional salute to the
farmers go?                                     term work.”                                                                                                      Sebastian Barry’s A Long, Long Way, which was short-listed for
   “During the war, thousands of                   In 1967, the final annex to the       fallen soldier. This simple but moving ceremony has been carried        the 2005 Man-Booker prize, tells the story of 18-year-old Willie
farm labourers evacuated from the               Cloth Hall in Ypres was finished,        out since 1928, although it was suspended during the German             Dunne, who leaves Dublin, his family and the girl he plans to
war zone emigrated to Normandy,”                marking the end of the “Period of        occupation of 1940 to 1944. The tradition was transferred during        marry to enlist in the Allied forces. It’s 1914, and he arrives
explains Chielens. “They already                Reconstruction” of the Verwoeste         the war years to Brookwood Barracks in England and restored on          in Flanders to encounter violence on a scale he could not have
had contacts there, as both areas               Gewesten. Unfortunately, it was          the day after liberation in September 1944.
had a thriving flax industry. After             not quite the end of the trauma:                                                                                 imagined. Barry grippingly describes Willie’s personal struggles
1918, they simply decided to                    in 2007 a farmer was killed by a                                                                                 and the harsh consequences of war. In the second battle of Ypres
stay in Normandy. Many French                   90-year-old unexploded shell.                                                                                    in April, 1915, poison gas is used for the first time. Based on
farms would have been short of                     Each year, nearly 300 tons of         03 Cycle the Peace Route                                                eye-witness accounts, Barry describes the aftermath: “The hole
manpower as their young men had                 rusting bombs, grenades, mortars         This 45-kilometre cycle route starts in Ypres and takes in many         was filled with bodies. Their faces were contorted like devils’ in a
joined up and perished in the war.              and shells are unearthed. About                                                                                  book of admonition, like the faces of the truly fallen, the damned,
                                                                                         of the key sites of interest related to the First World War. The
So I’m sure they would have been                one in 20 contains poison gases
welcomed.”                                      that are still potent enough to kill.    highlights include Palingbeek, Hill 60 and Hill 62, which were          and the condemned. Horrible dreams hung in their faces as if the
   It has been estimated that around            Despite all the efforts over the past    all locations of major strategic significance to the armies of both     foulest nightmares had gripped them and remained visible now
50,000 farmers and farm labour-                 90 years, a part of the legacy of this   sides. It also passes a number of military burial sites, such as        frozen in direst death. Their mouths were ringed and caked with
ers left the war zone between 1914              horrendous episode in European           Tyne Cot Cemetery in Zonnebeke, the German Soldatenfriedhof in          a greeny slime, as if they were the poor Irish cottagers of old,
and 1918. Of these, about 25,000                history still remains buried in the      Langemark and Essex Farm Cemetery. It was at Essex Farm – an            who people said in the last extremity of hunger had eaten of the
never returned, but happily settled             soil.                                    Advanced Dressing Station – that Canadian John McCrae wrote             very nettles in the fields. And still the echo, foul in itself, of that
down in France. Such a population
movement was made easier by the
                                                                                         his famous “In Flanders Fields” poem. Maps are available at local       ferocious stench hanging everywhere.”
fact that most of them would have               online                                   tourist offices.                                              
been tenants and not landowners,      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           In Flanders Fields Museum

Flanders fields: the poisoned land was hardly fit for growing food
6 i
         NEWS                                                                                                            F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8

 Belgium’s eco-footprint grows, reports WWF
                                                                                                                               B    elgium’s ecological footprint is growing despite

                                                                                                                                    increased environmental awareness, although the
                                                                                                                               country is not among the worst performers in the EU,
                                                                                                                               according to the latest biannual Living Planet Report
                                                                                                                               published by the WWF, the global conservation organisa-
                                                                                                                                  A country’s ecological footprint is defined as the amount
                                                                                                                               of resources it uses compared to the area of productive land
                                                                                                                               and sea available to produce those resources. Some nations
                                                                                                                               – particularly those in the poorer parts of the developing
                                                                                                                               world – are net contributors. Others – mainly developed
                                                                                                                               Western countries with a massive appetite for resources –
                                                                                                                               are net debtors. The world’s demand for resources, taken
                                                                                                                               as a whole, first exceeded its ability to supply them in the
                                                                                                                               1980s, and the global deficit has been growing ever since.
                                                                                                                                  A table of countries with the largest footprint – and
                                                                                                                               therefore the largest net deficit – is led by the United Arab
                                                                                                                               Emirates, the US and Kuwait. Then comes Denmark, with
                                                                                                                               Belgium in 17th place, behind EU nations Estonia, Ireland,
                                                                                                                               Greece, Spain, the Czech Republic, the UK and Finland.
                                                                                                                               To put the matter in simple terms: each Belgian requires
                                                                                                                               5.1 hectares of land to produce the things we consume, but
                                                                                                                               we have access on average to only 1.1 ha.
                                                                                                                                  At the other end of the scale, the lowest consumers are
                                                                                                                               Haiti, Afghanistan and Malawi – predictably, among the
                                                                                                                               poorest countries in the world. Belgium also scores highly
                                                                                                                               on the scale of water consumption, reaching nearly 2,000
                                                                                                                               cubic metres per person per year. The figure includes not
                                                                                                                               only water used directly in domestic consumption, but also
                                                                                                                               the water required to produce and manufacture imported
  Rich countries consume more than they can produce                                                                            goods, which in Belgium’s case is much higher.

 November brings 5 changes you shouldn’t ignore                                                                                                                     Journalist
 N   ew rules came into force on 1 Novem-
     ber, and the country went digital on                                                                                                                                 ouglas De Coninck, an
 3 November                                                                                                                                                               investigative    journal-
                                                                                                                                                                    ist with De Morgen (see Flan-
 1 certificate will rate themustexisting house.
     An energy certificate
     provided when selling an
                                 now be

                            house’s energy
                                                                                                                                                                    ders Today, 29 October) has
                                                                                                                                                                    been acquitted by a court in
                                                                                                                                                                    Dendermonde of charges
 consumption on a scale of one to 100 and                                                                                                                           that he leaked the contents of
 give tips on improving the score. It must be                                                                                                                       a confidential investigation
 issued by a recognised expert at a cost of                                                                                                                         file. De Coninck was accused
 €200.                                                                                                                                                              together with Chris De Vlee-
 2    The rail authority NMBS will give priority
      to online sales of international rail tickets.
 Special counters for international tickets will
                                                                                                                                                                    schauwer, whose brother
                                                                                                                                                                    Peter was murdered in 1996
                                                                                                                                                                    in what the family maintains
 now only be available in five stations: the three                                                                                                                  was an inside job involving
 main Brussels stations, Liege and Antwerp.                                                                                                                         fellow Brussels police offic-
 Another 34 will sell international tickets at                                                                                                                      ers. De Vleeschauwer was also
 their domestic counters, and a further 69 will                                                                                                                     acquitted.
 issue tickets ordered online.                                                                                                                                         “As well as saying there had
 3     103 major rail stations will provide acces-
       sibility help to people of limited mobility,
 including wheelchair users.
                                                                                                                                                                    been no crime,” De Coninck
                                                                                                                                                                    told Flanders Today. “The
                                                                                                                                                                    judge in the case made it clear
 4     A pre-nuptial agreement can now be
       authenticated by a notary without the
 need to go to court as was previously the case.
                                                                                                                                                                    that she thought the way the
                                                                                                                                                                    investigation had been carried
                                                                                                                                                                    out over the last 12 years was
 Existing agreements may now be in conflict Antwerp station will be one of only five keeping an international ticket desk                                           disastrous. And that’s the
 with new laws on succession.                                                                                                                                       point I was making in my
 5     Free-to-air analogue TV signals have around 60,000 of them – who used an aerial speaking public channels to now use a digital
       been scrapped, forcing the last viewers – to watch the two Flemish- and two French- decoder. Cable viewers are not affected.

 Eastern Europe leads on low taxes
 Continued from page 1                                          gives it the lowest personal tax rate of the 27 EU member      at a rate based on national income tax – anywhere up to
                                                                states.”                                                       11% for residents, or a flat rate of 7% for non-residents. In
 country to convert is Estonia, where rates fell from 26%         The thresholds at which those rates come into force are      addition, married couples file joint tax declarations except
 in 2003 to a flat 21% in 2008. The study also cites Slovakia   as important as the tax rates themselves, and Belgium          in the year in which they were married, or if they are living
 (38% down to 19%), Lithuania (33% to 24%), and Roma-           scores badly on that point, too. The low threshold is only     apart.
 nia (40% to 16%).                                              €32,960, though still higher than Hungary (€9,375), Malta
   “In 2007 Romania was the lowest rate in the EU,” the         (€19,693) and Poland (€33,442). By contrast, top rates
 study comments, “but it has since been overtaken by the        in Germany are only triggered when income reaches
 Czech Republic, which this year introduced a flat rate tax     €250,000 and in Switzerland at $549,434.                       online
 set at 15%, and by Bulgaria, whose new flat rate of 10%          The report also notes that municipalities levy local taxes
BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 7

 New licence will guarantee Deurne’s future as business airport
 F     lemish environment minister Hilde Crevits

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Edwin Vanoverschelde
       has issued a new licence for the airport at
       Deurne, outside Antwerp, which aims to cut
 the number of training flights in an effort to tackle
 the persistent problem of noise nuisance.
   The new permit takes the place of another issued
 in 2004, which was declared void last May by the
 Council of State because of the lack of an environ-
 mental impact report. It contains three main meas-
 ures, which a spokesperson for the ministry said
 would allow Deurne “to develop further as a busi-
 ness airport of regional importance.”
   The number of training flights will be cut to
 23,000 in 2009, to 21,000 in 2011 and to 19,500 in
 2013. After 2014, the limit will be reduced to 8,000
 to allow advanced training of pilots learning to fly
 on Instrument Landing System, for which Ostend
 and Deurne are equipped.
   There will also be a ban on “touch and go” land-
 ings on Sundays and public holidays, a technique
 which involves planes taking off immediately after
 landings. The airport will also increase the fees
 charged for landings and take-offs. According to
 Crevits, Deurne charges less than other competing
 airports, so the fees will go up as part of a strategy
 to limit flights to those using Antwerp as a final

Van Quickenborne opposed to new rules for small companies

E      nterprise minister Vincent
       Van Quickenborne has
       expressed opposition to a
proposed new EU measure that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      balance-sheet and deposit it with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the National Bank, as they are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      now. The obligation would then
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      apply to just 62,000 businesses
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          would vary widely in the informa-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tion given.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The issue was due to come up
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          this week in the European Parlia-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               general David Szafran. Experience
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in different states in the US showed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               that it would become impossible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               to compare accounts across the
would exempt many small busi-                                                                                                                                                                                         across the country.                 ment, and Van Quickenborne said      EU if the uniformity of the present
nesses from the requirement to                                                                                                                                                                                          According to an EU working        he would be encouraging Belgian      system was lost.
publish annual accounts. “It makes                                                                                                                                                                                    group that helped prepare the       MEPs to present a counter-pro-         The government, meanwhile,
no sense to bring in less transpar-                                                                                                                                                                                   proposal, the removal of the need   posal. “I’m an advocate of simpli-   bases much of its statistics on the
ency,” he said.                                                                                                                                                                                                       for an annual balance-sheet would   fication,” he said. “But annual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          accounts are a useful instrument     information provided by compa-
  The measure concerns busi-                                                                                                                                                                                          save the average business about
nesses employing fewer than 20                                                                                                                                                                                        €1,200 a year.                      that you would do better not to      nies in their annual submission,
people with an annual turnover                                                                                                                                                                                          Opponents of the plan point       throw overboard.”                    according to a spokesperson for
of less than €2 million. This would                                                                                                                                                                                   out that information may still         The Institute of Auditors has     Unizo, the representative group
apply to about 253,000 businesses                                                                                                                                                                                     have to be provided to sharehold-   also criticised the proposal. “The   for the self-employed. “If we have
across the country, according to                                                                                                                                                                                      ers, employees and others. And,     administrative burden on compa-      to fill out all sorts of surveys at the
estimates. They would no longer                                                                                                                                                                                       unlike at present, there would be   nies will not be reduced, but will   request of the government, then
be obliged to compile an annual                                                                                                                                                                                       no standardised form, so reports    in fact increase,” said secretary-   we’re no closer to home,” he said.      Vincent Van Quickenborne

     NOVEMBER 05 2008
                                                      I          N°54               I          I N D E P E N D E N T N E W S W E E K LY
                                                                                                                                                                                             Jelle Cleymans, p.16

                                                                                                                                                                 W W W. F L A N D E R S T O D AY. E U

                                                                                                                                                                                    Erkenningsnummer P708816
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     Landscapes of war                                                                                                                                                                                              Flanders Today
     Ninety years ago, the guns fell silent on the Western Front. But what happened after
     that? Not many people are aware of the extraordinary story of reconstruction and
     renewal in the land known as Flanders Fields                                                                                                                                                                   Subscription Department                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Waterloosesteenweg 1038 _ 1180 Brussels _ Belgium
     Denzil Walton                    Front. In Flanders, the front line town of Ypres, and past Mesen to relative safety behind the front line destruction. In this long, narrow

     F    or most of the First World extended from Nieuwpoort on the the French border. Its width varied and see the German army moving stretch of West Flanders, more
          War, Allied and German coast, along the banks of the previ- from two to 10 kilometres, so that in relative peace on the other side. than half a million soldiers were
          forces were involved in ously picturesque River IJzer, past on a clear day a Belgian soldier          e land in between, however,
     trench warfare along the Western Diksmuide, around the medieval would have been able to stand in was a monstrous hell of death and                       Continued on page 4

                                                                                                                   Belgium in the top five of nations with highest tax
                                                                                                                   Low threshold for top rate adds to tax burden
                                                                                                                   Alan Hope                                     the Netherlands at 52%, and equal with

                                                                                                                       elgium remains one of the world’s         Austria and Japan.       e average for all
                                                                                                                       top ve nations for the tax burden         countries studied was 28.8%.
                                                                                                                   placed on individuals, according to a            Top rates came down on average by 2.5%
                                                                                                                   study carried out by economic consult-        over the period studied, with wide vari-
      Arts                                Active                               Living                              ants KPMG. e study looked at top tax          ations. France cut its rate from 48.1% to
                                                                                                                                                                 40%, Germany from 48.5% to 45%, while
                                                                                                                   rates and thresholds, and concluded that
      Sex! Outrage! Passion! Dance-       Belgium would pretty much           Is that beer really Belgian?         Belgium not only has a higher top rate, but   Italy and Spain both cut top rates from
      theatre show Otango comes from      shrivel up and die without one of   Welcome to the first in a four-part   also a lower threshold above which the top    45% to 43%.
      Argentina, but the whole idea       chocolate’s key ingredients: sugar. series that introduces the best      rate applies.                                      e study also points to the “signi cant
      developed right here in Flanders    The Sugar Museum in Tienen scoops of the officially certified Belgian         Top-rate taxation has remained constant    new development” involving the introduc-

                                          up amazingly unexpected facts       Family Brewers                       at 50% for the duration of the period stud-   tion of at-rate taxes in Europe, mainly
                                                                                                                   ied, from 2003 to 2008. at puts Belgium       in Central and Eastern Europe. e latest
                                                                                                                   behind Denmark at 59%, Sweden at 55%,                               Continued on page 6
      10                                  11                                   13

           Feature 1, 4-5                News 3, 6                Business 7-8                  Arts 9-10              Active 11              Living 13            Agenda 14-15            Interview 16

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8 i
        BUSINESS                                                                                                                                     F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8

                                                           Flemish government attacked over bookkeeping
                                                           T      he Flemish government              would then be entrusted to public        concluded. It set standards for its    for the government were being

                                                                  failed to show the proper          or, in some cases, private agencies.     own institutions that were much        “covered up”. But Van Meche-
                                                                  level of care when it reor-          The Court of Audit likened this        lower than those required of the       len described his budget as “rein-
                                                           ganised in 2006, according to the         reorganisation to the restructur-        private sector, and even then those    forced concrete”.
                                                           federal Court of Audit in a report        ing of a business, to which strict       were sometimes not met.                  Van Mechelen also denied a
                                                           last week.                                procedures are applied by the law          Flemish budget and finance           claim by the court that the finan-
                                                             The Flemish government began            – including the mandatory publi-         minister Dirk Van Mechelen
                                                           in 2006 to implement its Better           cation of a report on the compa-         described as “a lot of baloney” a      cial situation of the Flemish Public
Chemicals l Solvay                                         Management Policy (BBB), which            ny’s financial state, together with a    claim by the Court of Audit that       Institutions (VOI) was not clear.
Chemical company Solvay wrote off e256                     essentially split the tasks of policy     report by an external auditor.           the region’s budget was in fact less   “All the figures are delivered every
million in the third quarter, the value                    creation and execution. Govern-             But the Flemish government             “rose-coloured” than it was being      year in a report and as an annex to
of its shares in bank and insurer Fortis.                  ment departments would draw               failed to meet the standards             made to appear. According to the       the budget,” he told the Flemish
That helped push profits down to e292                      up policy lines, and the execution        expected of a business, the court        court, various “negative elements”     parliament.
million. Solvay has held the Fortis shares
in question since before the Second World
Enterprise l SMEs
Around 1,000 entrepreneurs applied for a
start-up loan last year to go into business
for themselves, the minister for small
businesses Sabine Ruelle announced. The
total amount administered in loans came
to e14.9 million.
Cinema l Utopolis
Cinema chain Utopolis has decided not
to appeal a decision by the Competition
Council to allow Kinepolis to go ahead
with expansion plans without waiting
for approval. “Its’ not for us to take
this struggle any further,” a Utopolis
spokesman said. The company said it was
surprised that the Council had made no
ruling about Kinepolis’ dominant position
in the market.
Retail l Ikea
Unions representing staff at home
furnishings chain Ikea carried out picketing
actions at all six stores in the country, in
protest at management plans to introduce
a system of collective bonuses.
Retail l Carrefour
Unions at supermarket giant Carrefour
kept 10 hypermarkets closed last week
as part of an ongoing protest at pay and
working conditions imposed on staff at the
company’s new hypermarket in Bruges.
Imaging l Agfa-Gevaert
The Mortsel-based imaging technology
group made a net loss in the third quarter
of e13 million, the company announced.
                                                                                All you need to know about the
Sales in the same period fell by 6% to
e741 million. The company blamed the
                                                                               benefits of the Belgian tax system
results on the economic slow-down.
Banking l KBC
Leuven-based bank-insurer KBC received
a government-backed capital injection of
e3.5 billion. The bail-out takes the form
of shares sold to the government, which                                              Take advantage of our ING Expat Convenience Services
carry a coupon giving a premium of 10%
over dividend in 2009 and 15% in the
years after.
                                                                                       For expatriates living in Belgium, the tax system      we can provide all the help you need to maximise
Drugs l UCB                                                                            offers many bene ts but there is nothing you need       scal bene ts while you live here and even after
The pharmaceuticals group has received                                                 to know about making those arrangements. That’s        you leave for another country. ING’s Expat Services
the approval of the US Food and Drugs                                                  a task for the ING Financial Services experts. Based   have 40 years of experience to help make your
Administration to market its epilepsy                                                  on our knowledge of international tax regulations,     stay in Belgium as nancially smooth as possible.
medication Vimpat, following similar
approval by European authorities in
Real estate l Cofinimmo
The country’s largest property company
registered a 31% increase in rental income
in the first nine months of the year, with
total net profits up 17.1% to e77.2

                                                             275x205_ING_Expat_Livre_UK.indd 1                                                                                                           4/11/08 2:54:47 PM
ARTS                                                                                                                 F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 9


Full circle
The FotoMuseum presents the first retrospective of Gerald Dauphin
Kevin Gerard Walsh                  famous fashion photographers                                                                                                                      of peep-shows and boarded up

                                                                                                                                                          Gerald Dauphin/FotoMuseum
T      he archives of Antwerp Irving Penn and Richard Avedon.                                                                                                                         businesses in the Bowery.
       photographer          Gerald Like many other artists in 1960s                                                                                                                     At first, some of the work seems
       Dauphin were donated to and ’70s New York, Dauphin’s work                                                                                                                      too much a typical styling of the
the city’s photography museum is inspired by and records Ameri-                                                                                                                       era, but this is deceptive, and they
after his death in December of last ca’s contemporary social and polit-                                                                                                               repay with careful gazing. Some of
year. It hasn’t taken long for the ical upheavals. The Stonewall era,                                                                                                                 the street portraits recall the work
museum to cull a selection of the for instance, is documented with                                                                                                                    of Diane Arbus, but, while there
best for the wonderful new exhibi- archly amused drag queens, the                                                                                                                     is certainly an overlap in subjects,
tion Gerald Dauphin: 360°.          Annual NYC Dyke March and the                                                                                                                     Dauphin views people with a
   As the title                                        very first gay                                                                                                                 greater warmth and humanity.
show is some-
                        eing a solidly Brussels’ pride
                        boy, Antwerp’s FotoMu- in Christopher
thing of a seum was a bit of a discov- Street.
                                                                 parade                                                                                                                  A modest colour shot of a young
                                                                                                                                                                                      couple, stopped in the street, their
                                                                                                                                                                                      fashion gloriously 1970s, best
panorama       of ery for me. A very contempo-           While the per-                                                                                                               demonstrates this sensitivity. It
Dauphin’s life as rary, elegant space, it is only 10 sonal becomes                                                                                                                    has echoes of Arbus’ iconic 1963
a photographer, minutes’ walk due south from political and,                                                                                                                           street portrait “Teenage couple
including the the cathedral. Don’t hesitate to in retrospect,                                                                                                                         on Hudson Street, N.Y.C”, but
high points of spend some time in the book- h i s t o r i c a l ,                                                                                                                     while Arbus’ photo can seem like
his work in the shop, which boasts an excellent D a u p h i n                                                                                                                         a confrontation, Dauphin’s shot
United States range. With Antwerp’s contem- remained sensi-                                                                                                                           invites sympathy and connection.
in the 1960s, porary art museum (MUKHA) tive to the indi-                                                                                                                                This generosity towards the
his photos of practically next door, Waalse viduality of the                                                                                                                          subjects is also typified by a beau-
c o n t e m p o - Kaai is well served by cafés and people demand-                                                                                                                     tifully gentle portrait of Char-
rary artists and restaurants. It’s an easy full day ing withdrawal                                                                                                                    lotte Rampling. While most of
selections     of of Antwerp culture. KGW              from Vietnam,                                                                                                                  Dauphin’s work is black and white,
his     commer-                                        greater      gun                                                                                                               the Kodak Yellow series provides
cial work. Indeed, the first photo- control or the right to strut down                                                                                                                bursts of saturated primary
graph you see is one of a cheque the street in sequins and false                                                                                                                      colours, with the mustard yellow
to Dauphin for $100 from Avant eyelashes. The underbelly of this                                                                                                                      of Kodak’s logo brought to the
Garde Media, dated 1 November, social upheaval is also depicted:                                                                                                                      fore. The fact that it’s a commercial
1969 – presumably for an early New Yorkers with their backs                                                                                                                           commission, with recognition of
New York commission.                literally turned on the tragic clash                                                                                                              corporate identity a primary goal,
   Dauphin went to America in of begging and luxury on Fifth Gerard Dauphin’s work spans decades, but 1960s and ‘70s New York shines like a beacon to                                 does not serve to make the work
1966, where he worked for the Avenue, or the pathetic seediness social photographers                                                                                                  any less valuable.
                                                                                                                                                                                         It’s refreshing to see that, while
                                                                                                                                                                                      the documentary and political

                                                                        Worlds without end
                                                                                                                                                                                      nature of the Flemish photog-
                                                                                                                                                                                      rapher’s work is to the fore, the
                                                                                                                                                                                      commercial aspect of his career
                                                                                                                                                                                      is not neglected as somehow less
                                                                                                                                                                                      authentically artistic. Playful fash-
                                                                        two additional shows make the                                                                                 ion shoots are represented along-
                                                                                                                                                                                      side grittier black-and-white real-
                                                                        FotoMuseum irresistible this month                                                                            ism, and dotted throughout are
                                                                                                                                                                                      exquisite portraits and candids of
                                                                        R    unning concurrently with the Gerald Dauphin show at the Foto-
                                                                             Museum is the first retrospective of Brussels photographer
                                                                        Marie-Françoise Plissart. Works in A World Without End range from her
                                                                                                                                                                                      artists and performers – includ-
                                                                                                                                                                                      ing a shot of Salvador Dali that
                                                                                                                                                                                      manages to be both iconic and
                                                                        atmospheric and enigmatic photo novel Right of Inspection, via her reso-                                      oddly sad.
                                                                        nant portraits of Kinshasa and its people, to her most recent work, includ-                                      There is also a very strong series
                                                                        ing Brussels, China and the Trans-Siberian express.                                                           of jazz greats in portraits and
                                                                           Plissart, who has had a varied career (including a spell as a taxi driver                                  mid-performance, including Ella
                                                                        – and this special insight into Brussels by night is reflected in her work),                                  Fitzgerald, lost in her music, and
                                                                        is known as a very open and approachable woman, both considered and                                           Chet Baker, captured in strik-
                                                                        relaxed. Her work reflects this as it explores the possibilities of documen-                                  ing chiaroscuro hunched over the
                                                                        tary reportage and fiction, the natural and the architectural, colour and                                     keyboard, tense with concentra-
                                                                        black and white.                                                                                              tion.
                                                                           She is also a bit of a formal innovator, with dizzying bird’s eye shots from                                  The exhibition includes parts
                                                                        tall buildings, which give a new perspective on Brussels, not to mention                                      of Dauphin’s archive itself, with
                                                                        Kinshasa. The massive composite grid with the street life of Congo’s capi-                                    stacks of box files and detailed
                                                                        tal in the foreground, sweeping back to panoramic views of the city, is a                                     annotations on yellow legal pads
                                                                        highlight.                                                                                                    that give a brief glimpse into the
                                                                           But my personal favourites from A World Without End are the master-                                        choices made before the final
                                                                        fully lit images of disused industrial buildings that render them as myste-                                   image. There are also many inti-
                                                                        rious as cathedrals, and landscapes shot through grids of factory windows.                                    mate shots of fellow artists of the
                                                                        One cannot fail to be impressed by her vertigo-inducing self portrait,                                        contemporary Antwerp scene,
                                                                        balancing a heavy, large-format camera on the ledge of a skyscraper while                                     such as writer Hugo Claus and
                                                                        buffeted by the wind. Photography as adrenaline sport?                                                        designer Paul Ibou, who says that
                                                                           Also showing at the FotoMuseum, but just until 7 December, is Star-                                        “Gerard Dauphin made photo-
                                                                        ing Back, which showcases the photography of French filmmaker Chris                                           graphs with his eyes, not with a
                                                                        Marker, perhaps best known for the influential 1962 film La Jetée. For this                                   camera”.
                                                                        show, Marker has assembled around 200 still images spanning nearly six
                                                                        decades: faces both anonymous and famous that the 87-year-old has seen                                        Until 4 January, FotoMuseum,
                                                                        during his worldwide travels, as well as images of political protest, such as                                 Waalse Kaai 47, Antwerp
                                                                        the May 1968 and Vietnam War demonstrations. The exhibit is enriched
                                                                        with recent works and includes the 2005 video installation “Owls at Noon”,
 Like a bird in the sky: Marie-Françoise Plissart                       a meditation on the 20th century’s suffering through war.                                                     online
    10 i
            ARTS                                                                                                                             F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8


    Just what the documentarian ordered
    Flemish production house Savage Film debuts its finest
    Lisa Bradshaw                         Langendonck. “The director was

“   W           e were working on a       really touched by the situation.
                project in which the      His own mother died when he
                main character died.      was young, and he didn’t really
    That’s the thing with making          have a father figure. In Serbia, he
    documentaries. You can’t control      encountered all these people who
    reality.”                             were struggling a bit with the same
      Despite never having picked         problem – fathers who aren’t there,
    up a camera, Bart Van Langen-         parents who were killed during the
    donck knows plenty about docu-        war, young people really living on
    mentary filmmaking; his Brus-         their own trying to deal with the
    sels-based company Savage Film        situation.”
    has produced several in only two         Wild Beast, meanwhile, follows
    years.                                a young man who lives and works
      “I stumbled into film,” he          around the film studios of Heng-
    shrugs. That’s a lucky thing for      dian – the Hollywood of China.
    many young Flemish filmmak-           The man’s past is in fact riveting:      Above, Wild Beast; right, producer Bart Van Langendonck
    ers working on hard-to-finance        he left his homeland in the north
    documentaries and first features.     when he was 15, at one point             the dance company full time as                project-by-project basis.
    Savage has concentrated on docu-      getting lost in a blizzard in the        general manager.                              Despite the compe-
    mentary projects, three of which      mountains. Filmmaker Jeroen Van             That’s where he took his first steps       tition and dwindling
    are on show this month at Bozar.      der Stock recreates past true events     towards film production: choreog-             funds from local televi-
    “I like them,” says Van Langen-       as the story unfolds.                    rapher Vandekeybus also makes                 sion broadcasters, the
    donck simply. “When I’m flipping         Bram Van Paesschen also debuts        experimental films. Van Langen-               company is adding to
    through the TV, I usually get stuck   his new film Pale Peko Bantu at          donck worked with an outside                  its project list every day.
    on a documentary.” There’s not a      Bozar. It’s the first in a trilogy       production company and eventu-                “I’ve been lucky that
    lot of money for documentary film-    about life in the Congo. “He has         ally left Ultima Vez to become a              most of my projects
    making in Flanders, which tends       a very personal approach to his          founding partner of the produc-               have been financed,” the
    to favour fiction productions. But    subjects and spends a lot of time        tion company CCCP. Finally, he                producer says. He notes
    Van Langendonck knows a good          with them,” explains Van Langen-         struck out completely on his own              the valuable funding
    thing when he sees it. “When I        donck. “He gets things out of them       in 2006 with Savage Film.                     from the Flemish Audio-
    get an interesting documentary        that you don’t usually see in docu-         In the coming year, Savage will            Visual Fund, as well as
    project, I can’t refuse it.”          mentaries.”                              produce its first fiction features –          from the European Commission’s         Apparently, I managed to make it
      Checking out the line-up at            Van Langendonck worked in             Van Langendonck is in pre-pro-                Media Programme, which provides        more personal.” He pauses. “So I
    Bozar, that’s easy to understand.     music management and concert             duction on three, with all first-time         monies specifically for film           guess passion is the rule to make
    The directors have crossed the        promotions in the 1980s. The             feature directors. This includes              projects in the development stage.     it work.”
    world finding personal stories that   company he worked for also               Vandekeybus’ first full-length                   Media Programme funding is
    don’t make it into Western Europe     took on management for Wim               movie, Galloping Mind, which will             “kind of hard to get,” admits Van      Lost in Transition screens on 13
    any other way. Lost in Transition,    Vandekeybus’ dance company               be shot in Brazil.                            Langendonck. “I learned that I got     November, Wild Beast and Pale
    by Thom Vander Beken, tells the       Ultima Vez when it was still in             There are a number of small                it because I was passionate about      Peko Bantu screen on 16 Novem-
    story of Serbian youth who live       its infancy, never realising that        production houses in Flanders                 my projects and about the direc-       ber at Bozar, Ravensteinstraat 23,
    in refugee camps on the outskirts     its first production would make          with only a handful of employ-                tors that I was working with. There    Brussels,
    of Belgrade. “I didn’t even know      Vandekeybus         internationally      ees, just like Savage Film, where             are a lot of rules and forms to fill
    about these camps of Serbs who        famous overnight. In 1994, Van           Van Langendonck makes up half                 out with European funders, and         online
    used to live in Croatia,” says Van    Langendonck went to work for             the staff. He hires more help on a            you end up repeating yourself.


     Labour of lust
     an irrational mix of macho and emotion, the tango continues to enchant
     Leo Cendrowicz                                   Belgium has always had a keen feel for                  says. “I didn’t want to just offer a tourist    ing various steps in a spontaneous manner,

     I    ronic as it might sound, the tango is     the dance: in April, Brussels hosts its annual            trip. I wanted a show that would express        as determined by the lead.
          by far the most macho of dances. In       Tango Festival, an event that has a major                 the art and culture of the tango.”                 But the tango is also an urban phenome-
          the sizzling Otango, slinking provoca-    international cachet. But Otango is not a                    The story starts in the Buenos Aires’        non, and Otango tries to express the dance’s
     tively across Flanders this month, the men     dance demonstration. “It was very impor-                  harbour, as night falls on an old café, the     own story through the show. “This is a meta-
     might have taken a testosterone shower for     tant for us to have a real story to tell, but             first of six scenes, 60 costumes, rousing       phor for life in the city,” says dancer Melina
     all their proud pouting and chest puffing.     to tell it through dance and music,” Tilkin               music and bewitching footwork.                  Brufman. “The essence of tango is Buenos
     And the women, while exuding come-and-                                                                              The tango itself originated in       Aires, even though the city has changed. It’s
     get-me poses from the other side of the                                                                           Buenos Aires among poor immi-          a cultural legacy. The most iconic elements,
     stage, inevitably succumb to this animal                                                                          grants, with the men often dancing     like the bordello, have disappeared, which
     preening after a smouldering exchange of                                                                          together – indeed, these homoerotic    means tango now has a new form.”
     glances.                                                                                                          undercurrents are reflected in            Brufman says that while salsa is excit-
        Passion and sensuality are the leitmo-                                                                         Otango. The tango quickly moved        ing and bolero is romantic, the tango has a
     tifs of Otango. Importing some of Argenti-                                                                        to the bordellos, where it evolved     much stronger emotional connection. “You
     na’s most accomplished tango dancers, the                                                                         to take on elements from differ-       cannot fake it,” she insists. “There is lust,
     show tells a story of love found and lost in                                                                      ent immigrant influences, and          there is a physical element, but there is also
     the barrios of Buenos Aires in 1910.                                                                              even today there is a good deal of     deep emotion, many emotions: love, fear,
        First dreamed up four years ago by                                                                             confusion and overlap between the      sadness, joy.”
     Belgian Olivier Tilkin, the show is only now                                                                      styles. Tango is still heavily based
     taking its bow in Europe. “It may seem odd                                                                        on improvisation: while there are      11 November _ 1 December across Flanders
     to have a Belgian link to a Latin American                                                                        patterns or sequences of steps
     phenomenon,” says Tilkin. “But passion is      A mix and match of partners is one of the many delights of the     used to teach the dance, it evolves    online
     international.”                                sexy Otango                                                        mostly on the dance floor, combin-
ACTIVE                                                                                                                                           F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 1 1

sweet talk
Welcome to the wonderful – and often surprising – world of sugar
Denzil Walton                                   sor Zucchero and the animated

H         ave you ever been by car to           members of his Sugar Parliament.
          Tienen in the autumn? If              In one room, music-lovers of all
          so, you have probably got             ages tap their toes to 50 clips of
stuck behind a slow-moving trac-                songs containing the word “sugar”.
tor pulling a trailer loaded to the                The surprises start early on: the
brim with white, carrot-like root               Flemish sugar beet industry has
vegetables. They are sugar beets.               its roots in Napoleon’s struggles
The next time it happens, you                   against the United Kingdom. In
might like to dwell on a startling              1807, the British began a block-
statistic. Six million tons of sugar            ade of France, which prevented
beets are transported on the public             the import of sugar cane from
roads around Tienen every year.                 the Caribbean. To prevent cries
   Tienen – the Sugar City – is                 of “Mon dieu, pas de sucre!”,
therefore the place to go to find               sugar beet quickly developed as
out about sugar. More specifically,             the perfect alternative. By 1812,
its Sugar Museum will answer all                Frenchman Benjamin Delessert
your many sugar-related ques-                   had developed an industrial proc-
tions.                                          ess to extract sugar from the beets,
   You are led around by a highly               and by the end of the Napoleonic
informative and entertaining                    wars, over 300 sugar beet mills
audio guide available in Dutch,                 were up and running.
                                                   Since Belgium was annexed                     Chill out, it’s not real: Tienen’s Sugar Museum presents information with an appetising flair
English, French and German. You
will discover the history of sugar              to France, the rich loam soils of
                                                the fields around Tienen were                    first growing season, it produces                  I also learned that when sugar                  get from the museum: collectors of
beet in Flanders, how it’s grown,
                                                used intensively for cultivating                 a large (1-2 kg) storage root,                   beet is refined, is doesn’t just lead             sugar packaging are called glyco-
harvested and processed and a
                                                                                                 which contains 15-20% sucrose by                 to sugar but also to “sugar treacle”.             philes – but only if the pack is
thousand-and-one uses for sugar.                sugar beet. It’s a biennial plant,
                                                                                                 weight. If not harvested, the root               This is a significant by-product                  complete with its contents. If they
Children will probably love the                 which means it takes two years to
                                                                                                 uses the nutrients to produce flow-              that can be recycled into citric acid.            just keep the packaging without
touch-screens, introducing Profes-              complete its life cycle. During its
                                                                                                 ers the following year.                          (And I always thought citric acid                 the sugar, they are called paragly-
                                                                                                    Until the 1960s, sugar beet was               came from citrus fruits!) Citric                  cophiles. These -ophiles organ-
                                                                                                 harvested manually – an opera-
 Tienen’s “other” museum                                                                         tion that required thousands of
                                                                                                 seasonal workers. The museum
                                                                                                                                                  Collectors of sugar packaging are
                                                                                                                                                  called glycophiles – but only if the
 I  n 10 AD, a Roman commander stood on top of the Wijngaardberg
    overlooking Tienen and decided it would be a pleasant place to set
 up camp. It was, and the Romans stayed for 300 years. Between 1997
                                                                                                 has a fascinating video inter-
                                                                                                 view with a former labourer who
                                                                                                 describes the back-breaking work.                pack still contains the sugar
 and 2003, a 30-hectare site was excavated – one of the biggest archae-                          Thankfully, a horse was used to
 ological digs ever undertaken in Flanders. Unearthed were over                                  pull a device that lifted the roots              acid has various applications, such               ise frequent meetings around the
 1,400 graves, a temple to Mithras and a potter’s workshop. Many of                              out of the ground, but after that it             as flavouring or preservative in                  world to exchange and exhibit
 the items discovered are on display in the Toreke Museum in Tienen,                             was nothing but toil and sweat for               the food industry. It’s also used in              their collections – some of which
 which is next to the Sugar Museum.                                                              the team of workers.                             pharmaceuticals and cosmetics,                    have acquired the status of works
    The displays give a particularly fascinating glimpse into various                               One labourer would follow the                 plus in the photography, cement                   of art.
 rituals of the Romans. For example, pots were found containing                                  horse and shake the soil from the                and textiles industries.                             At the end of your visit, the
 the seeds of Atropa belladonna, the deadly nightshade, the berries                              beets, laying them in neat rows; a                  Another film shows a sugar artist              Museum Café on the ground
 of which are hallucinogenic – and toxic in large quantities. Roman                              second would use a beet hook to                  at work as he melts the grains,                   floor is strategically positioned
 priests are believed to have used the drug in sacrificial ceremonies.                           separate the leaves from the root; a             pours the syrup into carefully                    to refresh your flagging energy
 In the Mithras temple, the bones of 270 chickens, lambs and pigs                                third worker forked the beets into               constructed and often complicated                 reserves. Next door, local prod-
 were found that had been sacrificed to the gods during the summer                               the back of a cart. The worker in                moulds and forms the most amaz-                   ucts can be purchased. If you have
 solstice. Probably the most striking is the life-size reconstruction of a                       the video says that if he was doing              ing structures. Some of these are                 a sweet tooth, you will be spoilt for
 burial chamber found in a recently discovered tumulus.                                          the first job, he found it easier to             on display in the museum, which                   choice.
                                                                                                 crawl on his hands and knees                     organises regular sugar art compe-
 online                                                                                          over the fields rather than walk                 titions.                                                                        bent over double. He estimated he                   Finally, here’s another example                online
                                                                                                 crawled five kilometres a day.                   of the incredible information you       

                                                            At the intersection, turn left. As the road curves to the    right. Follow the path over the canal to a road and turn      Turn right onto Briekestraat, with La Brique Military

                                                            right, the Ieper-IJzer Canal opens up in front of you.       left, where you continue straight ahead to bike route         Cemetery on the right. At the intersection, turn left,
                                                            Take the left bank, where there is a well-maintained         64, which leads out into farmland.                            cross the N313, and then finish the ride by continuing
                                                            bike path. The trees that line the route here make for       The route crosses several roads here, and at one              straight to the Menin Gate, a poignant reminder that
                                                            an idyllic bit of cycling.                                   point even passes through a dairy farm. Eventually,           the cemeteries just passed represent only a fraction of
                                                            The past is never far away in Ypres. The canal itself        the steeple of the church in Langemark rises on the           the true loss of life. The gate commemorates more than
                                                            was a scene of major fighting after the first gas attack     horizon. You come to a sign discussing local wildlife,        55,000 Commonwealth soldiers who fought around
                                                            in 1915, with the Germans occupying the slightly             where you turn right onto Groenstraat, following the          Ypres and still have no known grave.
                                                            higher right bank and the allies the left. After one         signs for bike route 26. You’ll be led along Ieperstraat
                                                            kilometre, you come to the John McCrae Memorial on           and Briekestraat and back into the past. Though no sign
 In Flanders Fields                                         the right, a preserved bunker marking the area where
                                                            McCrae, a Canadian medic and poet, was killed in
                                                                                                                         marks it, the area you are pedalling through is where
                                                                                                                         gas was first used in the war, against French troops

 T  his is a route of contrasts along the Ieper-IJzer canal 1918. Paper poppies line the dank space and a plaque         in 1915. The slight incline, almost imperceptible on a
                                                                                                                                                                                         15 kilometres
    and then through the fields of West Flanders, where commemorates his most famous poem: “In Flanders                  bicycle, represents the “high ground” for which so many
 the past and present rest side-by-side. Begin in Ypres by Fields”.                                                      were killed.                                                    Difficulty:
 taking Diksmuidsestraat north from the Grote Markt.        Continuing along the canal, the past fades away;             Soon there will be signs for the Minty Farm Cemetery, a         Easy. Good bike paths and flat terrain leave you
 The cloth hall that dominates the square dates originally Clydesdales graze in verdant fields, cows mill about on       detour to the left. To end the ride, stay on Briekestraat       free to enjoy the scenery
 from the 13th century, though it was completely            dairy farms, kayaks work their way through the water.        past the Divisional Collecting Post, Belle Alliance and
 destroyed during the First World War and rebuilt over      Nothing seems farther away than war. Just over two           New Irish Farm cemeteries. Cross the major road with
                                                                                                                                                                                         One hour
 the following 50 years according to the original plans.    kilometres further, the path crosses the canal to the        care and enter a calm residential area.
                                         We create Shapes

                                         Your body is your temple, and it needs to be
                                         tended to in the best manner possible. It is
                                         the finest and most valuable instrument ever
                                         created, but it also has to harmonize with the
                                         inner you. We believe in exercise that shapes
                                         and strengthens both body and soul.

World Class Health Academy Brussels     Fitness Center Diegem               Fitness Center Berchem   Health Academy Antwerp
Renaissance Hotel, Rue du Parnasse 19   Pegasus Park, De Kleetlaan 5b-5c    Belpairestraat 20        Gerard le Grellelaan 10
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LIVING                                                                                                                                F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 1 3


Never be fooled again
Many authentic Belgian beers now carry a quality label

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Photos by Ben Caudron
Robyn Boyle

E      ver been surprised to find
       out, after praising your all-
       time favourite “Belgian” beer,
that it is in fact brewed by a multi-
national in some other country?
These kinds of disappointments
are best avoided, but that is made
difficult with the current trend that
has many a foreign brew market-
ing itself as a “Belgian Style Ale”.
   Thankfully, a non-profit organi-
sation called Belgian Family Brew-
ers (BFB) has created a special
label to protect and promote truly
Belgian beers. The label, repre-
sented by a tricolour BFB logo
indicative of the national flag,
guarantees a unique product from
an independent Belgian brew-
ery that has met certain quality
standards. To obtain a BFB label,
the brewery must be continuously
active and in the hands of the same
family for at least 50 years, which
must be single-handedly in charge
of the commercialisation of its
beer. The family may not bottle
their brew under any other name
or label.
   Launched in November of last
year, BFB now counts 11 member          Pick your poison: Antoine Bosteels is a seventh-generation brewer with a BFB quality label
breweries, nine of which are
located in Flanders. In this series     by, antique horse-drawn carriages               ale, amber in colour with a dense,             ment in the neck of the bottle,        “In the early 1990s, we knew we
that celebrates the first anniversary   are parked, as if waiting patiently             creamy head, a sweet, malty aroma              which is then frozen and the sedi-     wanted to create a new beer that
of the label, we’ll introduce you to    for the brewery’s next promo-                   and only a slightly bitter finish.             ment expelled.                         was blonde, re-fermented in the
a new member every week this            tional event. Here I was greeted by                Deus Brut des Flandres, mean-                  After more than 12 months of        bottle and made up of different
month. The first: Bosteels Brewery      seventh generation brewer Antoine               while, is a Bosteels speciality beer           this high-maintenance condition-       kinds of grain,” he says. “After
in Buggenhout.                          Bosteels who runs the business                  so unique that it is often mistaken            ing, the result is a golden, highly    three years of testing, we ultimately
   The Bosteels family has been         alongside his father, Ivo Bosteels.             for a bottle of sparkling wine. “At            carbonated brew with a thick,          chose the three-grain combination
brewing beer for over 200 years            Even with the brewery’s enor-                a large brunch with my extended                meringue-like head. Its aroma,         of wheat, barley and oats.”
in the small village not far from                                                       family several years ago, each                 both spicy and fruity, hints at the       All that was left to do was choose
                                        mous success, Antoine speaks
Dendermonde in East Flanders.                                                           table had a selection of wines and             very high alcohol content (11.5%).     a name. While leafing through a
                                        modestly about their three famous
The brewery still looks a lot like                                                      Champagnes to choose from, with                Served in flute glasses, Deus          book on the brewer history of the
the quaint brick farmstead that         niche beers: Pauwel Kwak, Deus
                                        Brut des Flandres and Tripel                    each bottle chilled on ice,” explains          makes for an excellent aperitif and    region, Antoine happened across
physician JB Bosteels bought for                                                        Antoine. “As a brewer, of course, it           is certainly worthy of its own ice     an ancient recipe created by a
his family back in 1791 (the “estab-    Karmeliet. At no other brewer in
                                        the world will you find three more              struck me that there was no beer               bucket at the most elegant social      Carmelite Monastery in Dender-
lished” date we see on their labels                                                     available, despite the fact that we            gatherings.                            monde in 1679. The three-grain
today).                                 divergent beers in terms of origin,
                                        style, appearance and flavour.                  also have 75 cl bottles. That’s when              Talk about saving the best for      recipe was almost identical to the
   It was the doctor’s son, Joseph                                                      I thought to take our beer produc-             last: Tripel Karmeliet has recently    one Bosteels Brewery had formu-
Bosteels, who began brewing                Kwak, to begin with, is histor-
                                        ically linked to the region. In the             tion one step further, to make it              drawn a lot of media attention after   lated. Hence the name, leaving
beer at the site in 1843, an ideal                                                      more exclusive.”                               being awarded the title “World’s       Antoine to move on to other things,
complementary activity to his role      late 18th century, Pauwel Kwak
                                        was a brewer and innkeeper of                                                                                                         like making the drawings for the
as Buggenhout’s mayor. His sons,                                                                                                                                              label and designing the glass.
in turn, hired the famous Ghent         De Hoorn in Dendermonde.
                                        “His Kwak beer was very popu-                                                                                                            The glass alone is so voluptuous
architect Louis Minard (as in the                                                                                                                                             and self-assured, one can’t help but
Minardschouwburg in Ghent)              lar among locals, in particular the
                                        many coachmen who would stop                                                                                                          have high expectations of the beer.
to design the family residence in                                                                                                                                             And Tripel Karmeliet delivers. It
1859.                                   there for a rest,” explains Antoine.
                                        “This being the time of Napoleon,                                                                                                     pours golden yellow with a very
   Through the years, the white-                                                                                                                                              prominent, billowy white head.
washed house has been beautifully       a law was passed that required
                                                                                                                                                                              Citrus fruits, vanilla and spices are
restored with maximum respect           coachmen to stay with their horse
                                                                                                                                                                              very present in both aroma and
for the original, neo-classical         and carriage at all times.”
                                                                                                                                                                              taste, while the wheat provides for
style. The listed house and several        Since the coachmen could no                                                                                                        a refreshing crispness going down.
free-standing buildings encircle        longer go inside for a drink, Kwak                                                                                                    Not too much notion of the high
a spacious inner courtyard. Close       designed a glass that would bring                                                                                                     alcohol content (8.4%), but what
                                        the drink to the coachmen. The                  “There are more old boozers than old doctors”: words to live by from Bosteels         makes the biggest impression is its
                                        tall, skinny glass with a bulb at                                                                                                     unprecedented oaty creaminess.
                                        the bottom came with a wooden                      After much research, the brewer             Best Ale” from the international          “Our products are for tasting,”
          Discover                      handle that, when fixed to the                  finally chose a partner in France to           consumer magazine Beers of the         Antoine explains, “which means
      more Flemish
                                        carriage, allowed the coachmen to               help create Deus. The beer begins              World. Last August, the maga-          you don’t drink them standing up
                    rs in               continue to enjoy their favourite               its fermentation at Bosteels before            zine led a blind tasting in London     in a pub. You have to really take
     speciality bee                     beer, even while underway. “The                 travelling to the Champagne                    where a panel of judges agreed that    your time to enjoy them, seated
                   ries on
    our ongoing se                      foot was added later so that the                region for further maturation.                 Tripel Karmeliet was the best in its   around a table with friends.”
    Belgian Family
                                        glass could be placed on a table,               What ensues is a complex proc-                 class, among hundreds of entries.
                                        but historically it was a hanging               ess whereby the bottles are placed                The story of the beer’s origin
      this month                        glass,” adds Antoine. Kwak is a                 horizontally and rotated periodi-              is also exceptional, and one that online
                                        strong (8.4% alcohol), full-bodied              cally so as to collect the yeast sedi-         Antoine clearly enjoys telling.
14 i
           AGENDA                                                                                                                     F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8

                                          Brussels                                  Luchtbal Cultuurcentrum                  NOV 11 Ma Rain + Luka Bloom Ron
       Classical & New Music              Bozar (Paleis Voor Schone Kunsten)        Columbiastraat 8; 03.543.90.30,          Sexsmith NOV 12 Stereolab                                Dance
                                          Ravensteinstraat 23; 02.507.82.00,
Antwerp                                                                             NOV 11 20.30 The Last Poets                                                       Antwerp
Amuz                                                                                                                         Ursulinenstraat 25; 02.502.57.34,        Stadsschouwburg
Kammenstraat 81;             NOV 9 20.00 Les Arts Florissants in Les   Brussels                                                                          Theaterplein 1; 0900.69.900,
                                          Indes galantes, opera-ballet by Rameau,                                  
NOV 9 15.00 Andrassy Trio: Graupner,                                                Ancienne Belgique                        NOV 10 21.00 The Magnetix + Jack of
Mozart, Süssmayr, Druschetzky             conducted by William Christie
                                                                                    Anspachlaan 110; 02.548.24.24            Hearts + Hell*Zo                         NOV 5 20.00 Boris Eifman Ballet in
                                                                                    NOV 5 20.00 Trust NOV 6 20.00                                                     Tchaikovsky, choreographed by Boris
Queen Elisabeth Hall                      Vorst-Nationaal
                                                                                    De Heideroosjes. Kora NOV 7 18.30        VK Club                                  Eifman
Koningin Astridplein 26; 0900.26.060      Victor Rousseaulaan 208; 0900.00.991
                                          NOV 8-9 20.00 Carmina Burana by           Screening of film Joy Division + Kevin   Schoolstraat 76; 02.414.29.07
NOV 8 20.00 Wim Mertens Ensemble                                                    Hewick + Section 25 & Peter Hook         NOV 7 20.15 Black Sheep + TBA +
                                          Carl Orff and El Amor Brujo by de
                                                                                    + afterparty with DJs. NOV 8 20.00       Guerilla Poubelle                        KVS Bol
Bruges                                    Falla, with the Sofia National Opera
                                                                                    Cocoon NOV 9 20.00 Cold War Kids                                                  Lakensestraat 146;,
Concertgebouw                             conducted by Borislav Ivanov
                                          NOV 11 20.00 Nabucco by Verdi with
                                                                                    NOV 10 19.30 Roots Manuva + GZA          Ghent                          
‘t Zand 34;,                                                           NOV 11 20.00 Black Kids. Elbow           Capitole                                 NOV 11-13 20.00 Nine Finger, dance/                      the Sofia National Opera, conducted by
                                          Borislav Ivanov                                                                    Graaf van Vlaanderenplein 5;             performance by Fumiyo Ikeda,
NOV 5 20.00 Critical Band, tribute to                                               Bozar (Paleis Voor Schone Kunsten)       0900.69.00                               Benjamin Verdonck and Alain Platel (in
American composer James Tenney by         Ostend                                    Ravensteinstraat 23; 02.507.82.00,       NOV 10 20.00 Tom Helsen                  English)
Bl!ndman and Champ d’Action                                               
                                          Kursaal (Casino)
                                                                                    NOV 12 20.00 Tracy Chapman
Brussels                                  Monacoplein; 0900.69.900,                                                          Charlatan
                                                                                                                             Vlasmarkt 6;
Bozar (Paleis Voor Schone Kunsten)                          Halles de Schaerbeek
Ravensteinstraat 23; 02.507.82.00,        NOV 7 20.00 Nabucco by Verdi with                                                  NOV 12 20.00 These Arms Are Snakes       Antwerp
                                                                                    Koninklijke Sinte-Mariastraat 22;        + Russian Circles                              the Sofia National Opera, conducted by                                                                      Antwerpen X
NOV 7 20.00 Belgian National              Borislav Ivanov                           NOV 10 20.00 Pendulum                                                             Berchem, Antwerpse Ring; 070.344.555,
                                                                                                                             De Centrale                    
Orchestra, conducted by Walter Weller,
                                                                                                                             Kraankindersstraat 2;,
with Karin Adam, violin: Dvorak,                      Jazz & blues                  Koninklijk Circus
                                                                                                                                                                      Until DEC 13 Daens: The Musical,
Glazunov                                                                            Onderrichtsstraat 81;                                                extended by popular demand (in Dutch
NOV 8 20.00 Bamberger Symphoniker,        Antwerp                                                                            NOV 12 20.00 The Datsuns + El Guapo      with French surtitles)
                                                                                    NOV 7 20.00 Rokia Traoré + Bai
conducted by Jonathan Nott, with                                                                                             Stuntteam + The Chart Birds
                                          Queen Elisabeth Hall                      Kamara Jnr
Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano:             Koningin Astridplein 26; 0900.26.060      NOV 11 20.00 Chuck Berry                                                          Klokhuis Theatre
Schönberg, Berg, Varèse, Bartók                                                                                              Vooruit                                  Parochiaanstraat 4; 0495.31.76.87,
                                          NOV 5 20.00 Herbie Hancock Sextet
NOV 9 11.00 Muriel Sarlette, oboe;                                                  Le Botanique                             St Pietersnieuwstraat 23; 0900.26.060,
Caridad Galindo, piano: Britten,          Brussels                                  Koningstraat 236;                            Until NOV 8 20.15 British American
Poulenc, Skalkottas, Chong, Poot,         Flagey                                    Concerts at 20.00:                       NOV 7 20.00 Daniel Johnston              Theatre Society in Last of the Red Hot
Kalliwoda.                                Heilig Kruisplein; 02.641.10.20,          NOV 5 Syd Matters + Mariée Sioux.        NOV 8 21.00 The Slackers                 Lovers by Neil Simon (in English)
                                                             Volcano + Why? NOV 7 Metronomy           NOV 12 20.00 Slow Club + Confuse
De Munt                                   NOV 7 12.30 Robin Verheyen,               + Ladytron. Lang Horne Slim +            the Cat                                  Stadsschouwburg
Muntplein;,                  saxophone; Aki Rissanen, piano            Dead Science + Shearwater NOV 8          Hasselt                                  Theaterplein 1; 0900.69.900,                             NOV 12 20.15 Youth Jazz Orchestra         White Rainbow + Valet + Jackie O                                        
NOV 7 20.30 Femke Sonnen and Yuri                                                   Motherfcker NOV 9 Sky Larkin +           Muziekodroom
                                                                                                                                                                      NOV 7-9 Supervrouw by Els de
Higashida, violin; Luk Nielandt, oboe;    Jazz Station                              Lovvers + Los Campesinos. Sam Sparro     Bootstraat 9;
                                                                                                                                                                      Schepper, one-woman show (in Dutch)
Ludmilla Tschakalova, harpsichord:        Leuvensesteenweg 193-195;                 NOV 10 Cursive. The Ting Tings           NOV 6 20.00 Warren Suicide + T
Marais’s Sonnerie de Sainte-Geneviève     02.733.13.78                                                                       Raumschmiere                             Ardooie
du Mont-de-Paris, Couperin’s Concerts
                                          NOV 5 20.30 Greg Houben Trio NOV
                                          6 20.30 Jazz Station Big Band: Bob         Don’t miss this week                    Kortrijk
                                                                                                                             De Kreun
                                                                                                                                                                      Cultuurkapel De Schaduw
                                                                                                                                                                      Wezestraat 32; 0479.80.94.82,
                                          Mintzer special concert NOV 7 20.30                                                                               
Flagey                                    Thomas Champagne Trio NOV 8 18.00                                                  Jan Persijnstraat 6;,
                                                                                                                                              NOV 7 20.30 Psychosis by Sarah Kane
Heilig Kruisplein; 02.641.10.20,          Electric Miles Project NOV 12 20.30                                                                                         (in English)                             Pascal Mohy Trio                                                                   NOV 6 20.00 Flip Kowlier
NOV 7 20.15 Brussels Philharmonic:                                                                                           NOV 8-9 Sonic City Festival: Zu,         Brussels
Mendelssohn, Brahms, Shostakovich         Sass’n Jazz                                                                        Candy Hank
                                                                                                                             NOV 13-14 Tom Helsen                     Kaaistudio’s
NOV 9 11.00 Frederick Haas, ‘Hemsch’      Koningsstraat 241;                                                                                         Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Vaakstraat 81;
harpsichord: Rameau                       NOV 5 20.30 SM’s Steady Wednesdays                                                 Leopoldsburg                   ,
NOV 10 20.00 New World Concert:           NOV 6 & 13 20.30 Nicolas l’Herbette                                                                                         NOV 6 20.30 LEX, written and staged
Charlemagne Orchestra for Europe,         Experience + Jam Session                                                           CC Leopoldsburg
                                                                                                                             Kastanjedreef 1;,           by Peter Verhelst (in English, Latin and
conducted by Bartholomeus-Henri                                                                                                                                       Hebrew with Dutch surtitles)
Van de Velde: Strauss’ Four Last Songs,   Sounds Jazz Club                                                         
Dvorak’s Symphony No 9, op 95             Tulpenstraat 28; 02.512.92.50,                                                     NOV 7 20.15 Jerez-Texas
                                                                                                                             NOV 8 20.15 Guido Belcanto               The Warehouse Studio Theatre
20.15 Ictus Quartet: Webern,                                                                                                           Waelhemstraat 69a;
Stravinsky, Ligeti, Steen-Anderson        NOV 8 21.00 Geezer Young and The                                                   Leuven                                   NOV 11-15 20.00 Brussels Shakespeare
                                          Witness                                                                                                                     Society in Will and the Ghost by Aoise
Royal Music Conservatory                                                                                                     Het Depot
                                                                                                                             Martelarenplein 12;         Stratford, Extracts from Hamlet and
Regentschapsstraat 30;       The Music Village                                                                                                           Extracts from Macbeth
NOV 5 20.00 La Risonanza, conducted       Steenstraat 50; 02.513.13.45                                                       Concerts at 20.00:
by Fabio Bonizzoni, with Roberta          Concerts at 20.30:                                                                 NOV 5 Ma Rain + Luka Bloom NOV
                                                                                     Johannette Zomer &                      6 Hermano NOV 10 Tony Joe White
Invernizzi, soprano: Purcell, Handel      NOV 6 Folk-Tassignon Quartet NOV                                                                                            Theater Tinnenpot
NOV 11 20.00 Jerusalem String Quartet     7 Ivan Paduart NOV 8 The Cotton City       Fred Jacobs                             NOV 11 Kane
                                                                                                                                                                      Tinnenpotstraat 21;,
with Martin Fröst, clarinet: Beethoven,   Jazz Band NOV 11 Fréquences Jazz           16 November, 15.00,                     Stuk                           
Smetana, Brahms                           NOV 12 Siân Pottock                        Augustinus Muziekcentrum                Naamsestraat 96;            NOV 8 20.00 Martin De Jonghe,
Sint-Marcuskerk                           Ghent                                      (Amuz), Kammenstraat 81,                NOV 7 22.00 Nononoise Live               comedy (in Dutch)
de Frélaan 72; 02.331.37.14,              Vooruit                                    Antwerp. Tickets from                   NOV 12 22.30 Perverted + Grant Hart
                                                                                                                                                                      Opwijk                          St Pietersnieuwstraat 23; 0900.26.060, or
                                                                                                                                                                      Cultureel Centrum
NOV 7 19.30 Sophie Gourlet, flute;                                                                                  World, folk                 Kloosterstraat 7;
Florian Noack, piano: Schubert, Sancan,
Reinecke, Medtner
                                          NOV 6 20.00 Henry Threadgill

                                               Pop, rock, hip-hop, soul
                                                                                     T    he English lute song is all
                                                                                          the rage these days, ever
                                                                                     since Sting got a lute as a present
                                                                                                                                                                      NOV 6 20.30 Woest, solo performance
                                                                                                                                                                      by Tom Lanoye (in Dutch)

                                                                                     and recorded some songs by              Waalse Kaai 14;,
Grenslandhallen                           Antwerp
                                                                                     the Elizabethan master John
                                                                                                                                                     Visual arts
Gouv. Verwilghensingel 70; 0900.69.900                                                                                       NOV 6 20.30 Monica Salmaso (Brazil)
                                          Lotto Arena                                                                                                                 Aalst
                                          Schijnpoortweg 119; 0900.26.060
                                                                                     Dowland. The programme for              NOV 7 20.30 Asere (Cuba)
NOV 10 20.00 Nabucco by Verdi with
                                          NOV 12 19.00 Amon Amarth +                 this concert is somewhat more           NOV 9 20.30 Cristobal Repetto, tango     De Werf Cultural Centre
the Sofia National Opera, conducted by                                               recent, featuring works by                                                       Molenstraat 51;
                                          Mastodon + Trivium + Slayer
Borislav Ivanov                                                                      Henry Purcell, Robert Johnson           Brussels                                 Until NOV 23 Van Propo tot nu, show
                                          Sportpaleis                                and Henry Lawes, the latter of          Sounds Jazz Club                         on the theme of art in a social and
                Opera                     Schijnpoortweg 119; 0900.26.060            whom was sent by Charles II to          Tulpenstraat 28; 02.512.92.50,           political context, with works by Marcel
                                          Until NOV 8 20.30 Night of the Proms,                                                        Mariën, Panamarenko, Roger Somville,
Antwerp                                                                              Italy and France to check out the       NOV 5 22.00 Caribe Con K _ Los           Marcel Broodthaers and Roger Raveel,
                                          classical/pop line-up with Simple
Stadsschouwburg                           Minds, Live, Sinéad O’Connor, John
                                                                                     latest advances in composition          Soneros del Barrio, Caribbean music      among others. Half the show takes place
Theaterplein 1; 0900.69.900,              Miles and more                             – so seriously were these things        NOV 6 22.00 Antonio Segura               at Stedelijk Museum ‘t Gasthuys, Oude                                                                     taken in those days. The lutenist       ‘Flamenko Project’                       Vismarkt 13
NOV 6 20.00 Verdi’s Nabucco by the        Borgerhout                                 is Fred Jacobs, who gives master
Sofia National Opera, conducted by        Hof Ter Lo                                                                         The Music Village                        Antwerp
                                                                                     classes in the Netherlands and
Borislav Ivanov                           Noordersingel 30; 03.543.90.30             is much in demand all over              Steenstraat 50; 02.513.13.45             Until DEC 7 Broodthaers & friends,
                                          NOV 9 16.45 Carnifex + Whitechapel                                                 NOV 13 20.30 Rey Cabrera invites         works by Belgian artist Marcel
                                                                                     Europe. The singer is Dutch             Moune a Case                             Broodthaers shown with works by
Vlaamse Opera                             + Protest the Hero + Architects +
Frankrijklei 3;              Despised Icon + Unearth + Parkway          soprano Johannette Zomer                                                         Panamarenko, Robert Filliou, Bernd
NOV 7-18 20.00 The Rape of                Drive                                      (photo), who has worked exten-          Wolubilis                                Lohaus, Guy Rombouts and Walter
Lucretia by Benjamin Britten, a new       NOV 10 20.00 ‘Heidenfest 2008’:            sively with Belgian conductors          Paul Hymanslaan 251; 02.761.60.30,       Swennen
co-production with Operastudio            Finntroll + Primordial + Eluveitie +       Philippe Herreweghe and René                           Until JAN 4 The order of Things, group
Vlaanderen, conducted by Elgar            Equilibrium + Catamenia + Manegarm         Jacobs.                                 NOV 5 20.30 Pari Maleki & Konya          show questioning the use of archival
Howarth                                   NOV 12 20.00 Tricky                                                                Ensemble (Iran)                          images
AGENDA                                                                                                                               F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8 i 1 5

Extra City                                   Van Poucke, Jimmy Kets, Stephan            Deurle                                       Mechelen
Tulpstraat 79; 0484.42.10.70
Until NOV 16 Mother’s Day,
                                             Vanfleteren, Tim Dirven and Tony
                                             Leduc, among many others
                                                                                        Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens                       Cultuurcentrum                               Get your tickets now for...
                                                                                        Museumlaan 14;,                 Minderbroedersgang 5;,
audiovisual installation by Smadar                                                                
Dreyfus                                      ING Cultural Centre                        Until NOV 23 CAP.MAX, installation           Until NOV 23 Honorons Honoré,
                                             Koningsplein 6; 02.547.22.92               in the museum’s garden by Emilio             tribute to 19th-century French
Fotomuseum                                   Until MAR 15 Oceania: Signs of Ritual,                                                  caricaturist Honoré Daumier, with
Waalse Kaai 47;                 Symbols of Authority, sculptures,                                                       works by contemporary Belgian artists
Until DEC 7 Chris Marker: Staring                                                       Until NOV 30 Projections and shadow
                                             masks, artefacts, weapons and
                                                                                        puppetry by American artist Kara
Back, photography by French                  utilitarian objects from Melanesia,
filmmaker Chris Marker                       Polynesia and Micronesia                                                                Kasteel van Bouchout, Meise
Until JAN 4 Gérald Dauphin,                                                             Until NOV 30 Photography and
                                                                                        sculpture by Belgian artist Kris Martin      Botanical Garden
retrospective of work by the Antwerp         ISELP                                                                                   Nieuwelaan 38; 02.260.09. 20
photographer (1938-2007)                     Waterloosesteenweg 31; 02.504.80.70        Ghent                                        Until FEB 1 Plantenportretten (Plant
Until JAN 4 Een wereld zonder einde          Until NOV 29 Hymne, installation by                                                     Portraits), watercolours by the garden’s
(A World Without End), retrospective         Claude Lévèque                             Caermersklooster
                                                                                        Vrouwebroersstraat 6;           illustrators
of work by Belgian photographer              Until NOV 29 La Concubine,
Marie-Françoise Plissart                     photographs by Stephanie Friedli           Until DEC 21 Glans en duister (Glossy        Ostend
                                                                                        and Dark), photographs by Eric
Middelheim Museum
                                             Until NOV 29 Jewellery by Isabelle
                                                                                        Standaert                                    Kunstmuseum Aan Zee                          Creativity World Forum
                                             Carpentier and ceramics by Marie-                                                       Romestraat 11;,
Middelheimlaan 6; 03.827.15.34               Agnès Marlair                              Until DEC 21 Harold Lloyd, tribute
                                                                                                                                                                                  19-20 November, Lotto Arena,
Until DEC 14 Rodin: Balzac, story of                                                    to the famous American actor and
                                                                                                                                     Until DEC 15 In the Cherished                Antwerp. Register at
a masterwork, tribute to the French          Instituto Cervantes                        director (1893-1971)                                                            
                                                                                                                                     Company of Others, drawings,
sculptor’s famous work                       Tervurenlaan 64; 02.737.01.90                                                           sculpture, paintings and installations by

                                             Until NOV 15 Amor/Desamor, video           Design Museum
                                                                                        Jan Breydelstraat 5;
                                                                                                                                     Marc Camille Chaimowicz, shown with             nspiration can strike us at
Modemuseum (MoMu)                            works on the theme of love by 28                                                        works by international artists
Nationalestraat 28; 03.470.27.70,                                                       Until JAN 26 100 years Demeyere,                                                             any moment, but can we
                                             Spanish artists                                                                             stylish cooking utensils by the Belgian      Tervuren                                     become more creative if we try
Until FEB 8 Maison Martin Margiela           Jewish Museum of Belgium                   manufacturer.                                Royal Museum for Central Africa              harder? “Boost Your Inspiration
“20” The Exhibition, celebrating the         Minimenstraat 21; 02.512.19.63             Until JAN 26 Retrospective of German         Leuvensesteenweg 13; 02.769.52.11            Quotient” is the theme of the
20th anniversary of the fashion house        Until DEC 28 Inedit, Idel Ianchelevici’s   jewellery designer Hermann Jünger            Until AUG 31 Omo: People & Design,           fifth Creativity World Forum in
established by the famous Antwerp            sculptures photographed by Stephen         (1928-2005)                                  Hans Silvester’s photographs of south-       Antwerp, a conference of crea-
designer                                     Sack                                                                                    western Ethiopia’s nomadic tribes and        tive buzz by pros in business,
                                                                                        Dr Guislain Museum                           objects from the museum’s collection
Ardooie                                                                                 Jozef Guislainstraat 43;,
                                                                                                                                                                                  the arts, design, media, tech-
Cultuurkapel De Schaduw                      Poelaertplein; 02.512.19.63                            Ypres                                        nology, policy and communi-
Wezestraat 32; 0479.80.94.82,                Until NOV 21 Corpus Delicti,               Until APR 12 The Game of Madness:            In Flanders Fields Museum                    cations. Among several notable                            contemporary installations, sculpture,     On Lunacy in Film and Theatre,               Grote Markt 34;                 lecturers are Dan Heath, author
NOV 7 20.30 Photos by Tilde De               photographs and video by various           representations of madness in film,          Until NOV 12 Off the record, work by         of the critically acclaimed
Wandel                                       artists (            plays, paintings and contemporary art,       artist-in-residence Wendy Morris             Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas
Bilzen                                                                                  with work by James Ensor, Jan Fabre,                                                      Survive and Others Die; Steve
Landcommanderij Alden Biesen
                                             La Fonderie – Brussels Museum of
                                             Labour and Industry
                                                                                        Hugo Claus, Fernand Khnopff and Dirk
                                                                                        Braeckman, among many others
                                                                                                                                          Festivals & special events              Wozniak, co-founder of Apple;
Kasteelstraat 6;                Ransfortstraat 27; 02.410.99.50
                                                                                                                                                                                  and Monty Python alum John
Until DEC 14 Limburg in ‘t geweer, 300                                                                                               Antwerp                                      Cleese (photo), who is now
                                             Until DEC 7 Sous les palmiers: la          Museum of Fine Arts                          De Boekenbeurs: Huge annual Flemish
years of military history in Limburg         mine (Under the Palm Trees: The                                                                                                      apparently in the motivational
province, with paintings, drawings,                                                     Fernand Scribedreef 1 – Citadelpark;         book fair with six themed days and
                                             Mine) photographs of miners in   ,                 book signings by dozens of authors,          speaker biz. They are joined by
weapons and models                           Morocco during the 1960s, by Charles       Until JAN 18 Giambattista Piranesi,          including Anne Provoost, Dimitri             poets, artists, professors and
Bruges                                       Henneghien                                 prints by the Italian architect and artist   Verhulst, Kristien Hemmerechts, Lieve        entrepreneurs for a complete
Arentshuis                                                                              (1720-1778)                                  Blancquaert and Tom Naegels                  experience from all sides of
                                             Le Botanique                                                                            Until NOV 11 at Antwerp Expo, Jan
Dijver 16;
                                             Koningstraat 236;                                                                                                       inventiveness. You will also
Until DEC 7 Günter Brus, retrospective                                                  Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst          Van Rijswijcklaan 191
                                             Until NOV 30 Habeas Corpus, group          (SMAK)
                                                                                                                                                                                  have the opportunity to “pimp
of the avant-garde Austrian on his 70th                                                                                    ,
                                             show on the theme of the body, with        Citadelpark;,                                                                up your idea” with the help of
                                             contemporary paintings, drawings,                                  De Nachten: Two-day music and                members of the Addict Lab. All
Groeningemuseum                              videos and sculpture                       Until JAN 3 Faux Jumeaux (False              literary festival in association with        disciplines are welcome, from
Dijver 12;                                                                 Twins), carte blanche to Belgian artist      Boekenbeurs, featuring authors Arnon         cooking to advertising.
Until DEC 31 Leuven Loans, 15th-             Museum voor Architectuur De Loge           Michel François                              Grunberg and Samir El-Youssef and
and 16th-century paintings and               Kluisstraat 86; 02.642.24.71,              Until JAN 18 Anyth_=, paintings by           performances by Girls in Hawaii,
woodcarvings from Leuven’s Van der                                 Werner Mannaers                              Arsenal, Els Mondelaers and many
                                             Until DEC 21 Belgïe 58, drawings,                                                                                                   Masarat Palestine Festival: Theatre,
Kelen-Mertens museum                                                                    Until NOV 23 Coming People, work by          more
                                             photographs, documents, furniture                                                       Desguinlei 25,             dance, debates, poetry, music and film
Until JAN 4 Stradanus: Artist at                                                        young artists
                                             and more showcasing the significant                                                     NOV 7-8 at deSingel, Desguinlei 25,         Until 18 JAN at Halles de Schaerbeek,
the Medici Court, retrospective of
Bruges-born artist Johannes Stradanus,       architectural and decorative forms of                                                   and Petrol, d’Herbouvillekaai 25            Bozar and other locations in Brussels
                                                                                        Witte Zaal
with paintings, drawings, prints and         the 1958 style in Belgium                                                                       ,
                                                                                        Posteernestraat 64;,
                                             Royal Museum of Art and History
                                                                                        Until DEC 6 Moments in Time, show
                                                                                                                                     Bruges                                      Working Title Festival: First edition
Brussels                                     Jubelpark 10; 02.741.72.11
                                                                                        exploring the relationship between           The Messenger: Multidisciplinary            of festival by WorkSpaceBrussels, with
Argos _ Centre for Art and Media             Until MAR 8 Continental Superstar,
                                                                                        time, image and the surrounding space        festival on immigration and                 performances by young international
Werfstraat 13;,                 16 mechanical organs from the Ghysels                                                   international culture with exhibitions,     artists                            collection, with recreated dance floor,    Hasselt                                      theatre, dance, film, debates and           NOV 8-16 in venues across Brussels
Until JAN 3 Interstitial Zones, 15 artists   bar and lighting                                                                        readings                          
offer a critical alternative to the mass                                                Gasthuisstraat 11;              Until DEC 10 across Bruges
media’s coverage of modern history           Royal Museum of Fine Arts                                                                      65 Years Paul Claes: Tribute to the
                                             Regentschapsstraat 3; 02.508.32.11,        Until JAN 4 Ten dans gevraagd
                                                                                        (Invitation to Dance), dance costumes                                                    Belgian author with Luc Devoldere (in
Bibliotheca Wittockiana                                                                             Brussels                                    Dutch)
                                             Until JAN 4 Meunier in Séville, 80         by fashion designers and artists from
Bemelstraat 23; 02.770.53.33                                                            1920 to the present day                      BRONKSfestival: International               NOV 7 20.00 at Passa Porta, A
Until FEB 28 25 Years of Passion             paintings made in Spain in 1882 and                                                     performances for children in Dutch and      Dansaertstraat 46
Shared, the Wittockiana collection of        1883 by 19th-century Belgian artist                                                     without dialogue                  ,
                                             Constantin Meunier                         Z33
fine, hand-crafted book bindings since                                                                                               NOV 8-11 at venues across Brussels
                                             Until JAN 18 Landscapes and portraits      Zuivelmarkt (Beguinage) 33;
the Renaissance
                                                                                                                           ,                 Leuven
                                             by Belgian artist Lismonde                                                                                                          Playground Festival: Performances,
                                             Until JAN 25 Breuk en erfenis              Until JAN 4 The Great Exhibition             Brussels Non European Art Fair:
deBuren                                                                                                                                                                          projects and installations by
Leopoldstraat 6;,               (Separation and Heritage), show            Part 1: Europe, a project by Ives Maes       Sculpture, masks, fetishes, weaponry,
                                                                                        linking world exhibitions to science                                                     visual artists, theatre makers and                               marking the European Union’s French                                                     jewellery and ethnic objects
                                             Presidency, with 1970s works by French     fiction                                                                                  choreographers
Until DEC 12 World One Minutes                                                                                                       NOV 6-9 at Pierre Bergé & Associates,       Until NOV 7 at Stuk, Naamsestraat 96
Brussels, the best one-minute videos         artists                                                                                 Grote Zavel 40
                                             Until FEB 15 CoBrA, major
                                                                                        Maaseik                                                                        ,
from 90 countries                                                                                                                    02.504.80.30
                                             retrospective on the 60th anniversary of   Maaseik Museum                                                                 
De Elektriciteitscentrale European           the foundation of the Cobra movement       Lekkerstraat 5;                 Het Grote Ongeduld!: Short film
                                                                                        Until MAR 31 The Terracotta Army of                                                      Ostend
Centre for Contemporary Art                                                                                                          festival presenting all the final works
Sint Katelijneplein 44;         Saint Michael and St Gudula                Xi’an: Treasures of the First Emperors       from the Belgian film schools, followed     Tokyo Drums: Japanese music show
Until JAN 11 Réfléchir le monde              Cathedral                                  of China, 14 life-size sculptures of         by an after-party in Kultuurkaffee          NOV 8 20.00 at Kursaal (Casino),
(Reflecting the World), photographs,         Sinter-Goedeleplein;          warriors from the world-famous               NOV 12 19.00 at the Free University of      Monacoplein
video and installations by                   Until NOV 24 Septiformis, paintings,       Terracotta Army shown with 200               Brussels’ Aula Q, Pleinlaan 2               0900.69.900,
contemporary French artists on the           photographs, installations and video       artefacts from the Qin and Western           02.629.23.25,
occasion of the European Union’s             work by several artists                    Han dynasties                                                                            Passchendaele
French Presidency                                                                                                                    Homo Universalis: Tijs Goldschmidt          WWI Anniversary: Commemoration
                                             Thüringen Lander Representation in         Machelen-Zulte                               and Joël De Ceulaer discuss biology,        of the 90th anniversary of the end of
Flemish Parliament                           Brussels                                   Het Roger Raveelmuseum                       evolution and the role of Darwin, as        World War One including ceremony at
IJzerenkruisstraat 299; 02.552.40.43         Square Vergote 39; 02.737.04.05            Gildestraat 2-8; 09.381.60.00                well as art and literature (in Dutch)       18.00 followed by torchlit procession
Until DEC 20 Screenworlds,                   Until NOV 7 European Insights, the         Until FEB 22 Ensor & Raveel: Kindred         NOV 6 20:00 at deBuren, Leopoldstraat       and concert
contemporary Flemish photography,            dynastic relations between Belgium and     Spirits, drawings and paintings by the       6                                           NOV 10 in and around Passchendaele
with work by Carl De Keyzer, Caroline        the duchies of Saxe Coburg and Gotha       Belgian artists                    ,      
16 i
          LIVING                                                                                                                              F L A N D E R S T O D AY i N O V E M B E R 0 5 , 2 0 0 8


Jelle Cleymans                                                                                 What’s the show like?                  in the Netherlands, nobody would had a band that toured all over
Jelle Cleymans is one of the stars of the hit musical Daens                                    When my sister and I were small, know what I was talking about. I Flanders. My dad played with
and is also staging his own show – with his mom.                                               my mother made up poems, think it’s too Flemish.                            [Flemish singer] Guido Belcanto
                                                                                                                                                                           and for years with [children’s char-
                                                                                               because we took part in speaking Do you have ambitions
                                                                                               competitions. It bothered her that outside of Flanders? The                 acters] Samson and Gert. My
                                                                                               the children always chose the same                                          mother worked a lot in the theatre
                                                                                               poems, so she went off and wrote West End or Broadway, for                  and a lot on TV, so I was brought
                                                                                               her own, which she loved doing – instance?                                  up in that world. I fell into the pot
                                                                                               she used to work with the Royal If I have any international ambi- when I was young, like Obelix.
                                                                                               Youth Theatre in Antwerp, so she tion, it’s about the Netherlands. I And my sister, too. She plays piano,
                                                                                               had a real feel for what children have a love of the Dutch language. she’s into theatre and films.
                                                                                               like to see and hear. We won those I write lyrics, always in Dutch. Were they showbiz parents,
                                                                                               competitions quite often, in part I like to sing in Dutch, I feel
                                                                                               because the poems were so orig- comfortable, it suits me perfectly. pushing you on to follow in
                                                                                               inal. For years I said to her, you I can never remember English their footsteps?
                                                                                               ought to do something with these lyrics, and I’ve got a terrible accent On the contrary. In those days,
                                                                                               poems. Then I got the idea to take in English. Of course you can take if we got a request to take part
                                                                                               some and set them to music.            lessons to get over that. But I just in something, my parents would
                                                                                                  Most people know me from don’t have the feeling I’m bringing first of all ask, is that really what
                                                                                               Spring, that’s pop music for chil- anything to the lyrics.                  you want to do? We had to stay
                                                                                               dren and young people. I wanted                                             in school and study at the same
                                                                                               to make a different kind of music I just thought, you’re                    time, so we’d be asked, how are
                                                                                               for children because Spring is really someone who started                   you going to combine this job
                                                                                               commercial. I wanted to make very early, full of energy,                    with homework, with exams. Are
                                                                                               music with acoustic guitar, double always busy with two or                  you ready to give up a huge part
                                                                                               bass, accordion, with everything three things at a time. Isn’t              of your free time? And one rule
                                                                                               sounding really folky. I think we’ve Flanders a little small for            was, you can do whatever you like,
                                                                                               succeeded in that. It’s not kids’                                           but if your schoolwork is suffer-
                                                                                               music, it’s children’s poems set to
                                                                                                                                      you?                                 ing, that’s the end of it. And that
                                                                                               music, and the two go together If you could add in the Nether- worked, because then you know
                                                                                               really nicely.                         lands, that would be okay. It’s a why you have to do your best in
                                                                                                                                      tough question. You ask, would school – because you want to carry
                                                                                               You’re doing this while                you like to play Broadway; yeah, on doing those things! I think that
                                                                                               appearing in Daens, and the the desire is certainly there, but to was a good rule.
                                                                                               two are very different.                make that a reality is the difficult
                                                                                               It’s funny to be playing one evening part. We Flemings are by nature What do the children think
                                                                                               for 1,800 people and then do a chil- less explorer types; we go off less of our new beard? I was a bit
                                                                                               dren’s’ show for 60. In the last few often than other people in Europe shocked when I saw you. It’s
                                                                                               years, I’ve mostly worked for chil- in search of adventure.                 not the look we’re used to.
                                                                                               dren, so Daens is something else – You’re on stage with your                It’s for Daens. I’ve had some reac-
                                                                                               really for adults. I was a bit anxious mom, and your dad is you             tions, but Daens is really alive in
                                                                                               about that, in case people might                                            Flanders right now, and people
                                                                                               not accept that there was someone booking agent. How is it to

                                                                                                                                                                           know what I’m working on, and
    f you want to talk to Jelle Cley-         him after the opening show.                      in the show who had performed work with them?                               they automatically make the
    mans, you need to get in line                                                              mostly for kids. It’s been a great Great fun. We have a really friendly connection. My girlfriend likes it;
    behind the kids – from wide-              How was your opening                             challenge for me to play in such a relationship, which I think is neces- that’s the most important thing.
eyed toddlers who saw him on                  night?                                           production.                            sary if you work together so much. Interview by Alan Hope
Ketnet, to blushing teenagers who             It was nice. We noticed it was a                       Daens is a really Flemish story, Whenever I accept a project, I call
remember him from children’s                  little bit too short. We need to have            and this is the first time in Flanders them immediately to ask what they Daens runs until 13 December
soap Spring. He’s now 23 and                  five minutes or so more. Other                   a musical has been put on with think or how I should approach it. at Antwerpen X. Surfplank naar
appearing in the smash hit Daens:
                                              than that, everything worked. It’s               only Flemish actors. Normally It’s great to do something like that de maan plays a number of dates
The Musical, as well as touring in                                                             there are Dutch people who come with your parents.                          throughout Flanders into next year.
Een surfplank naar de maan (A                 difficult to make something for                  here to work, but not for this. I                                           See
Surfboard to the Moon), a musi-               children because they’re so honest.              also think it would be difficult for You grew up in a showbiz               for tickets.
cal show for children. He plays               The minute it’s not fun anymore,                 this show to travel to the Nether- family.
opposite his mother, Karin Jacobs,            they go off fidgeting in their seats             lands because, while every Flem- My father is a musician, and my
whose poems he set to music.                  and talking. But there was none of               ing knows the story, if tomorrow mother is an actress and singer. online
Flanders Today caught up with                 that.                                            I were to mention the Priest Daens When they were still married they

 what they’re saying in Flanders                                                                                                            CreativityWorldForum BrusselsJazz
 Tough times ahead                            Dangerous driving?                               Leaving Belgium                              Orchestra     GiambattistaPiranesi
 “This temporary government is unable         “Do I blame anyone for what happened?            “I’ve been here for a year and a half now,
 to find an agreement on broad lines of
 principle. If we don’t make some tough
                                              Yes. The driver of the bus. It’s irresponsible
                                              to drive so fast. We are going to discuss the
                                                                                               and I’d really like to have stayed longer.
                                                                                               Belgians are impressive, diplomatic and
                                                                                                                                            WeekvandeSmaak Radioboeken
 choices in the months to come, there’ll be   possibility of taking legal steps.”              friendly. They never get angry. I’ve never
 no point going on into 2011.”
                                              Relative of tourists involved in a
                                                                                               heard a raised voice since I was here.”      Goudwerk
 Karel De Gucht                               bus crash in Egypt, in which six                 Sam Fox
 Belgian foreign minister in an               Belgians died                                    US Ambassador to Belgium                     next week in Flanders Today
 interview with La Libre Belgique                                                              preparing to pack his bags

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