Two-Way Radio by ppabhw

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									Two-Way Radio


The two-way radio is called a two-way radio because it can both transmit as well as receive signals. Unlike
the ordinary radio, the two-way radio also allows you to speak into a station, while transmitting messages
from that station to several other two-way radio users within that geographical area. There is always a
central control room from where the transmissions are relayed to all the two-way radios in that area, and
users on the field can speak into their own sets to relay messages back to the station. These messages may
also be heard by other two-way radio users in the area.


This is the common two-way radio that we see on television, such as in the series Cops. They are the ones
that are used by security services, including the police. However, the option of one user being able to listen
to what other user is saying may not always be used for confidentiality purposes. Generic messages from the
station can be heard, and every user can speak to the station, but in most cases, they cannot speak with each
other over the radio.


In typical slang, the two-way radio is also called a walkie-talkie. The ham radio is quite different from the
two-way radio. Ham radios do not have a station; they allow people to speak with each other.


Contrary to popular belief, the two-way radios are not an American invention. The first two-way radios (the
form that is being used nowadays) were developed by Frederick William Downie, a Senior Constable with
the Victoria Police of Australia. This department was also the first to use these radios in their cars, which
vastly improved their methods of communicating while on the move. Just a little tidbit - the first two-way
radios used in the world were in the Lancia Police Cars of the Victoria Police. They would occupy half of
the car, leaving only the driver's seat empty. Now, imagine that!


Today, of course, the technology of wireless communication has advanced tremendously. In the general
sense, the two-way radios work on two frequencies, one for sending, one for receiving. In order to activate
the sending, you have to 'push talk button' or in order to activate the receiving, you have to 'press transmit
button'. Most two-way receivers will have one of these functions in default, and you will need to press a
button for activating the other function.


The following are some of the popular kinds of two-way radios that are used today:-
Single Channel and Multichannel Radios - Most conventional two-way radios operate on one channel at a
time, which is selected initially by the people who are using the radio. Some radios are multichannel, and
because of that, they can be put to multiple uses.
Trunked Radios - In trunked radios, the user does not select the channel, but the radio itself picks up the
right frequency. On these radios, several communications can occur on one physical channel. Apart from
these, there are several walkie-talkies that are used for recreational purposes, especially by children. Some
newer and sophisticated versions of the walkie-talkies have entered the market, like the 40 channel CB
radios, which are popularly used by adults who want to conduct two-way conversations. Theoretically
speaking, even the cell phones used today will qualify as two-way radios because they also allow two-way
communication between two people by using two different frequencies. You can even invite other people to
join a communication on the cell phone through a conferencing option.


All two-way radios have a range of operation. They can be used within this range. Some recent radios are
capable of sending and transmitting information over longer distances, but this might be subject to
legislation within the area. The use of radios is strictly controlled by governmental laws in most areas of the
world.


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