The Twelve Labors of Heracles

					The Twelve Labors of Heracles

     A PowerPoint Presentation by:
           Eyanna Gruver
          Elizabeth Farrell
             Sarah Spess
How did the labors come about?
• Heracles was born from the          • When Heracles had come of
  unfaithfulness of Zeus.               age, and already proved himself
• Hera, Zeus’ wife, decided to          as a holder of heroic strength, he
  take revenge on Zeus because of       was nearly driven mad by Hera.
  this.                               • She made him so crazy that he,
• As revenge, she put two snake         in a fit of anger, killed his own
  ito baby Heracles’ crib. But          children.
  Heracles had superhuman             • To atone for this crime, he was
  strength and was able to strangle     sentenced to perform a series of
  them.                                 tasks, or "Labors", for his cousin
• Hera was even angrier after her       Eurystheus, the king of Tiryns
  plan failed, and decided that to      and Mycenae
  make up for her failure, she
  would make Heracles’ life
  miserable.
 The First Labor
• As his first Labor, Heracles was challenged to kill the
  Nemean lion.
• This was no easy feat, for the beast was supernatural
  and it was more of a monster than an ordinary lion.
  Its skin could not be penetrated by spears or arrows.
• Heracles blocked off the entrances to the lion's cave,
  crawled into the close confines where it would have
  to fight the lion face to face.
• Heracles throttled it to death with his bare hands.
• Ever afterwards he wore the lion's skin as a cloak and
  its gaping jaws as a helmet.
 The Second Labor
• After seeing that Heracles returned, King Eurystheus
  issued the second Labor.
• Heracles was to seek out and destroy the monstrous and
  many-headed Hydra.
• Some said that the Hydra had 8 or 9 heads while others
  said it had 10,000 heads. All agreed, however, that as
  soon as one head was beaten down or chopped off, two
  more grew in its place.
• Heracles sought out the monster in its lair and brought it
  out into the open. But then the fight went in the Hydra's
  favor. It twined its many heads around the hero and tried
  to trip him up. It called on an ally, a huge crab that also
  lived in the lair. The crab bit Heracles in the heel and
  further hindered his attack.
 The Second Labor (continued)
• Iolaus, who had driven Heracles to Lerna in a chariot,
  looked on in worry as his uncle became entangled in the
  Hydra's snaky heads.
• In response, he grabbed a burning torch and dashed into
  the battle. Now, as soon as Heracles cut off one of the
  Hydra's heads, Iolaus was there to char the wounded neck
  with flame. This kept further heads from sprouting.
• Finally Heracles sliced off the one head that was
  supposedly immortal and buried it deep beneath a rock to
  prevent it from further regeneration.
 The Third Labor
• The third Labor was the    • Taking careful aim with
  capture of the Cerynitian    his bow, he fired an arrow
  hind.                        between the tendons and
• Though a female deer, this   bones of the two forelegs,
  animal had golden horns.     pinning it down without
  It was sacred to Artemis,    drawing blood.
  goddess of the hunt, so    • All the same, Artemis was
  Heracles dared not wound     displeased, but Heracles
  it.                          dodged her wrath by
• He hunted it for an entire   blaming his taskmaster,
  year before running it       Eurystheus.
  down on the banks of the
  River Ladon in Arcadia.
 The Fourth Labor
• The fourth Labor took Heracles back to Arcadia in
  quest of an enormous boar, which he was challenged
  to bring back alive.
• While tracking it down he stopped to visit the centaur
  Pholus and ask him where the boar was. He was not
  saying a word. Then, Pholus was examining one of
  the hero's arrows when he accidentally dropped it on
  his foot. Because it had been soaked in poisonous
  Hydra venom, Pholus told Heracles everything.
• Heracles finally located the boar on Mount
  Erymanthus and managed to drive it into a
  snowbank, immobilizing it.
• Flinging it up onto his shoulder, he carried it back to
  Eurystheus .
 The Fifth Labor
• Eurystheus was very pleased with himself for
  dreaming up the next Labor, which he was
  sure would humiliate his heroic cousin.
  Heracles was to clean out the stables of King
  Aegeus in a single day.
• Augeas had huge herds of cattle which had
  deposited their manure in such quantity over
  the years that a thick aroma hung over the
  entire Peloponnesus.
• Instead of employing a shovel and a basket as
  Eurystheus imagined, Heracles diverted two
  rivers through the stableyard and got the job
  done without getting dirty.
 The Sixth Labor
• The sixth Labor pitted Heracles against the
  Stymphalian birds, who inhabited a marsh near Lake
  Stymphalus in Arcadia.
• It was said that the Stymphalian birds feasted on human
  flesh.
• Heracles could not approach the birds to fight them -
  the ground was too swampy to bear his weight and too
  mucky to wade through.
• Finally he resorted to some castanets given to him by
  the goddess Athena. By making a racket with these, he
  caused the birds to fly away.
• Before they got too far, Heracles brought them down by
  the dozens with his arrows
The Seventh Labor
• Queen Pasiphae of Crete had        • The bull was an easy
  been “inspired” by a vengeful        opponent, as all the hero had
  god to fall in love with a bull.     to do was overpower it, and
• Pasiphae's husband was               then ship it back to the
  understandably eager to be           mainland
  rid of the bull, which was
  also destroying the Cretan
  countryside, so Heracles was
  assigned the task as his
  seventh Labor.
The Eighth Labor
• Next Heracles was instructed   • In another, they satisfied
  to bring Eurystheus the          their appetites on the hero's
  mares of Diomedes.               squire, a young man named
                                   Abderus.
• These horses dined on the
  flesh of travelers who made    • In any case, Heracles soon
  the mistake of accepting         rounded them up and herded
  Diomedes' hospitality.           them down to sea .
• In one version of the myth,    • Once he had shown them to
  Heracles pacified the beasts     Eurystheus, he released
  by feeding them their own        them. They were eventually
  master.                          eaten by wild animals on
                                   Mount Olympus.
The Ninth Labor
• The ninth Labor took Heracles to the land of the Amazons,
  to retrieve the belt of their queen for Eurystheus' daughter.
• The Amazons were a race of warrior women.
• Heracles recruited a number of heroes to accompany him
  on this expedition.
• As it turned out, the Amazon queen, Hippolyte, willingly
  gave Hercules her belt, but Hera was not about to let the
  hero get off so easily.
• The goddess stirred up the Amazons with a rumor that the
  Greeks had captured their queen, and a great battle ensued.
• Heracles escaped from this battle and made off with the
  belt.
The Tenth Labor
• As his next labor, Eurystheus   • Geryon was killed as well,
  ordered the hero to bring him     and Heracles drove the herd
  the cattle of the monster         back to Greece
  Geryon.
• Geryon had three heads
  and/or three separate bodies
  from the waist down. His
  watchdog, Orthrus, had only
  two heads.
• The hound Orthrus rushed at
  Heracles as he was making
  off with the cattle, and the
  hero killed him with a single
  blow from his wooden club.
The Eleventh Labor
• As his eleventh labor, Heracles      • These were kept in a grove
  was told to retrieve the apples of     surrounded by a high wall and
  the Hesperides                         guarded by Ladon, a many-
• The Hesperides were nymphs             headed dragon.
  entrusted by the goddess Hera        • Heracles had been told that he
  with certain apples which she          would never get the them
  had received as a wedding              without the aid of Atlas. He
  present.                               found Atlas and Atlas agreed to
                                         help, but only if Heracles would
                                         hold a pillar after he defeated
                                         the dragon with arrows.
                                       • Atlas retrieved the apples, and
                                         whist doing this, he realized
                                         how nice it was to not live with
                                         strain. He was reluctant to come
                                         back, but Hercules tricked him
                                         into it.
The Twelfth Labor
• As his final Labor, Heracles was    • The greater challenge was
  instructed to bring the hellhound     Cerberus, who had razor teeth,
  Cerberus up from Hades.               three (or maybe fifty) heads, a
• Heracles had some trouble             venomous snake for a tail and
  getting past the Charon the           another swarm of snakes
  Boatman, because in order to          growing out of his back.
  enter the Underworld, you had       • The creature began to lash at
  to be dead and have a coin            him, but fortunately, the hero
  under your tongue.                    was wearing his trusty lion's
• Heracles’ fierceness had                     <>
                                        skin, which was impenetrable.
  convinced Charon to take him        • Heracles eventually choked
  over the river.                       Cerberus into submission and
                                        dragged him to Tiryns, where he
                                        received due credit for this final
                                        Labor.
Works Cited List
• “Labor Two: The Hydra.” Myth Web. 19
  Feb. 2009
                                h
  <http://www.mythweb.com/‌ ercules/‌ erch
  04.html>.
• “The 12 Labors of Heracles.” Perseus
  Project. 2009. 18 Feb. 2009
                                 J         1
  <http://library.thinkquest.org/‌ 001598F/‌
  2_labors_of_heracles.htm>.

				
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