Evolutionary Psychology A New Branch Of Scientific Thinking

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Evolutionary Psychology: A New Branch Of Scientific Thinking

Evolutionary psychology is a scientific field which examines human behavior through the social and natural
sciences. The point of this examination is to determine how human behavior, as well as mental ability and
emotional capacity, may have resulted from evolutionary pressures. Just as evolutionary biology seeks to
determine how the organs of the body may have changed over great spans of time in response to physical
stimuli, evolutionary psychology seeks to understand how the human mind developed as humans
experienced changing environments and climates.

This analysis of human thinking is called the adaptationist approach. The influence of the evolutionary
approach in the general field of psychology is increasing. However, proponents of this approach suggest that
it is not so much a sub discipline of psychology as it is a branch of a whole new field which examines human
life from the adaptationist viewpoint. The theories created by evolutionary psychologists are noe used by
many experts in completely distinct fields of study, such as economy, law and politics.

However, evolutionary psychology is not without its critics. Some question its validity and criticize its apparent
lack of testability, a crucial pillar of scientific thinking. Others accuse evolutionary psychologists of overlooking
non-adaptive explanations for much of human behavior.

Philosophy has long viewed the human mind as containing a broad range of inclinations. Religious viewpoints
have often shared perspectives on this question with philosophy, merely differing in their reasoning for such
inclinations’ existence. The evolutionary psychologist suggests that many of these inclinations, such as lust
and greed, developed through human adaptation to life. These inclinations are present in people as much as
they were necessary for human communities to use them in order to acquire sustenance and breed offspring
worthy of the challenges of a primitive world.

Evolutionary psychology is a young field. It arose in response to the publication of Charles Darwin’s The
Origin of Species. This book was the first well-known publication to assert that the living creatures presently
on the planet evolved from creatures in the past which were distinguished by different physical
characteristics. It was an immediately controversial suggestion but it has since come to be accepted by most
scientists as the most likely explanation for the appearances of modern animals and the distinct physiology of
fossil remains.

Since psychology itself was still in its infancy in the late 19th century, it took some time for these two new
scientific approaches to come together in one strikingly new approach to studying human behavior. In the
1960’s, studies of animal sociology were the first to begin suggesting some of the foundational ideas in
evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary biology became a textbook topic in the 1970’s. The following decade
saw the development of a mature view of the adaptationist approach to human behavioral studies.

Evolutionary psychology is still a new branch of science and has much to do in order to establish itself. While
many scientists agree that the theories of this field sound elegant, they are simultaneously concerned about
the difficulty in proving them. There is no question, however, that it has found valid use in various branches of
human study and life.

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Description: Psychology is a science that encompasses many fields and has a wide variety of real world application. Before learning its methods of application, however, it is important to understand the definition of psychology and what it entails.