ACUPUNCTURE FOR TREATMENT
Eastern medicine that focuses on the use of natural elements has been ogled by the western
world. One of the approaches of Eastern medicine is acupuncture. Acupuncture is mostly done
because it is cheap, effective and has no side effects. Acupuncture is used between the lan for
analgesia, aesthetics, pengatasan drug addiction and treatment of disease. Acupuncture has some
basic theory originally been developed in China.
In the world of medicine, there are two types of treatment, ie treatment of western and eastern
medicine. Western medicine, based on the development and practice of medicine is going on and
applicable in the western world (Europe and America). This treatment focuses on the use of
chemicals. On the other hand, Eastern medicine evolved in Asia, particularly China. Treatment
how east it is more focused on the use and utilization of natural elements, such as pemijitan
(acupreasure), pricking (acupuncture / acupuncture), heating (moksibasi) as well as therapy with
a concoction of leaves (herbal treatment).
Eastern medicine experts, usually claiming that the treatment they are doing is natural and free
from side effects. Acupuncture, done by sticking a needle in a particular body part, and the
stabbing is expected to happen a certain impact. This impact will only occur when the stabbings
done at the right point, and the lack of impact at all when the stabbings done not at the right
II. Origins of Acupuncture
II.1. Name, Meaning, and Basic Acupuncture
The word acupuncture comes from the Greek, namely acus which means needle piercing and
meaningful punctura. In the English language be to puncture, while the origin of the word in
Chinese is cenciu. The word was later adapted into the Indonesian language into acupuncture or
Acupuncture is a treatment which is done by sticking needles in specific points on the body of
the patient. Its purpose is to restore the body's balance system so that patients can be healthy
The basic idea is to balance the system in the body known as homeostasis, which suggests the
existence of the universe, earth and human beings can survive because of the laws of nature that
always leads to a balance. If people follow the rules in the equilibrium of natural law means we
will run a healthy life, whereas if humans do not follow the law or against the balance of nature,
means it will hurt. All of these natural phenomena are always paired opposite dynamic in nature,
but form a unity, like day and night, hot and cold, solid and liquid, light and dark, right and left,
husbands and wives, men and women, and so on . If the opposing elements that come together
and build a harmony then generally healthy balance is achieved.
II.2.Akupunktur and Community Indonesia
Acupuncture can be said already has the role, function, and became one of the components
received at the public health system if it meets the following requirements:
1. Based on the science and can be developed openly
2. Acupuncturists have a minimum standard of competence
In 1982, the ministry formed subkonsorsium acupuncture as well as working partners Ministry of
Education and Ministry of Health in formulating government policy in terms of curriculum of the
educational system of acupuncture. Moreover, it also formulates various system upgrading for
teachers / educators and testing practices must be followed by acupuncture education institutions
Acupuncturists unity of Indonesia (pivot) which is the sole forum for professional acupuncturists
in Indonesia since 1986. From then also enacted that acupuncturists who have a desire to open a
practice required to have a license to practice from the local Health Department. Permission is
granted after the practice in question has:
• National Diploma Acupuncture
• Letter of recommendation from the pivot
• Other common terms, such as ID cards, letter of good conduct, and passport photo.
3. Acupuncture services can reach the community
4. Acupuncture is not contrary to the conventional treatment
Acupuncture treatment used for the following purposes:
• Acupuncture anesthesia / acupuncture for analgesia, acupuncture is used to relieve pain, among
others, on Rheumatism, migraines, and neuralgia
• Acupuncture in the field of aesthetics (beauty acupuncture)
• Acupuncture penganggulangan in the field of drug addiction (drug abuse), indicating that
acupuncture is an alternative to biomedical
Panel and Hauser (1973) states that acupuncture treatment is a supporter and as a weapon to fight
various diseases feeling of pain (acupunctur is a supplement, another weapon in the war againist
dieses and pain), while according to Ressang (1977) states that acupuncture not only as a
alternative medicine but also function as an additional way pad konvensiional treatment
(acupuncture onnly is not an alternative but an additive to conventional medicine).
5. Acupuncture and acupuncture services are always monitored
III. Basic Theory of Acupuncture
Yin-Yang theory is a conception of Taoist view of life that are universal. This theory states that
all phenomena in the universe has two aspects the opposite and in pairs, namely Yin and Yang.
Which means bright and Yin means dark.
Yin-Yang include phenomena such as cold-hot, dark-light, weak-strong, in-out, passive-active,
moist-dry, bottom-up, women-men, and others. Yin-Yang phenomenon is not absolute, but
relative. In certain circumstances can be changed to Yin Yang, or vice versa can be turned into a
Yin Yang. All phenomena can be parsed to infinity in the aspect of Yin and Yang.
Yin-Yang theory is used to analyze the phenomenon can be observed in the universe. All these
aspects have two pairs and opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang. Yin and Yang mutually
dependent, mutually limiting, eating each other, and always in a state of dynamic change to
ensure balance. Traditional Chinese Medicine to apply the principle of Yin-Yang is to explain
the physiological function and pathological changes, as well as guidance in the diagnosis and
1. Yin-Yang Against Each Other
Means that all phenomena in the universe has two opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang, and
supervise each other cope. For example: heat (Yang) can eliminate the cold (Yin), the cold can
lower the temperature.
In normal circumstances, the function of organs in a state of balance of Yin-Yang, is regulated
through opposing nature of Yin and Yang. Yin-Yang balance disorders cause disease syndrome.
The weakness or excess syndromes Yin means cold, excess Yang or Yin deficiency syndrome
2. Yin-Yang, The Mutual Depending
Which means no without Yin. Existence depends on the existence of Yin Yang, otherwise there
is no Yin without Yang, Yin existence depends on the existence of Yang.
Yin-Yang in Nature:
Declining trend, increased tendency
Movement downward-upward movement
Yin-Yang in the Human Body:
The top of the bottom-
Organ-Organ in the outer
In the human body, Yin suggests substensi nutrients, Which shows the functional activity of
organs of the body. The activity is driven by substance Yin. In other words, Yin is the basic
ingredient to ensure the activity. Existence of nutritional substances requiring Yin Yang
activities, such as Yang-spleen activity.
3. Yin-Yang Eating Each Other
Means activities that occur Yin consumption process, or, Yin Yang consumed to produce. In
contrast, consumed to produce the Yin Yang.
4. Yin-Yang Mutual Change
The relationship between Yin and Yang is not static and dynamic to ensure a balance of Yin-
Yang. In certain circumstances, can be turned into a Yin Yang or Yin Yang can turn into.
Application of Theory of Yin-Yang in Chinese traditional medicine:
1. Yin-Yang and the Structure of Organic
Organs can be divided into two opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang. According to traditional
Chinese medicine, the organs of the body is divided into an organ of Zang and Fu organs. Zang
organs are heart, lungs, spleen, liver, and kidneys; that is Yin. Fu organ is the gall bladder,
stomach, small intestine, colon, bladder, and san-jiao; which is Yang.
Any organ can be distinguished in Which can be distinguished in the Yin and Yang. Cardiac
activity is Yin and Yang are the heart, kidneys are the organs of Yin and kidney function is
2. Yin-Yang and Physiological Functions
Physiological function based on the coordination of Yin-Yang organs. The functional activity
depends on the presence of nutrients Yin, otherwise the activity is a driving force to generate
nutrient Yin in other words, without the function of the organ of Zang-Fu, food can not be
converted into nutrients Yin. Yin-Yang balance is to ensure the health and lives of the human
3. Yin-Yang and Pathological Changes
According to traditional Chinese medicine, diseases caused by a disturbance of balance between
Yin in the body. Which are hot, dry, and consume Yin. Which begs the syndrome of excess heat,
yin deficiency, and dried. Conversely, the weakness Which begs the cold syndrome, an excess of
Yin, and humid.
Yin is cold and moist. Excess Yin and Yang can suppress the cold and damp cause the
syndrome. Conversely, lack of Yin and Yang can not control the hot and dry syndrome.
4. Yin-Yang as a Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy
The disease occurs due to an imbalance between Yin and Yang in the body organs. Knowing and
analyzing impaired balance Yin-Yang is a basis of differentiation syndrome illnesses, while
restoring the balance of Yin-Yang is the basis of traditional Chinese medicine therapies.
III.2. The theory of Wu-Xing
The theory of Wu-Xing looked five elements wood, fire, earth, metal, and water as the basic
building blocks of the universe and essential materials for everyday life. In accordance with the
theory of Yin-Yang, five elements are in a state perbahan dynamic and interdependent.
Understanding simple-Xing Wu was later developed into a complex theory. Wu-Xing theory
combined with the theory of Yin-Yang and used to understand the disease syndrome, also to
uphold the way of therapy.
1. The relationship between the Five Elements and the Five Zang Organs
Five elements wood, fire, earth, metal, and water is classified into five Zang organs. According
to equation properties, timber belonging to the liver, is developing free, not like a key, and highly
flammable. Fire classified as cardiac, are hot and rising. Land belonging to the spleen, nurturing
life. Water classified as kidneys, are cold and flows downward. Metals belonging to the lungs,
are declining and clean.
2. The relationship between the Five Elements
In accordance with the theory of Yin-Yang, five elements are closely related to each other,
support each other and restrict each other to ensure the balance of the universe.
Application of the theory of Wu-Xing in Chinese traditional medicine and the Yin-Yang theory
is used to understand the physiological, pathological changes, and used as a guide for diagnosis
Timber trees will grow well in fertile soil and adequate water. Meaning, if a healthy liver spleen
and kidneys normal. Liver classified timber, flammable and becomes hot. Means, stagnation of
Qi (vital energy) out easily turn into heat-and fire-heart heart. Fire-heart easily disrupt the
function of the heart and other organs.
IV. Advantages Treatment with Acupuncture
When compared, the treatment according to modern medical science with the use of
acupuncture, the acupuncture treatment has several advantages, namely:
1. Simply Effective
The main indications of acupuncture is to cover all areas, namely infectious disease, physical
illness, khemis, biological, nutritional, and allergies, neuropsikopati, surgical, genekologi,
childhood disease, osteoarthropati, skin diseases, ENT, eye diseases, oral diseases, and
According to WHO (1979), a disease that can be treated with acupuncture and mennunjukkan
good results, can be seen in the list below, this observation is based on clinical experience.
a. Upper respiratory tract
• Acute sinusitis
• Acute rhinitis
• Acute tonsillitis
b. The respiratory system
• Acute Bronchitis
• Asthma bronchiale (most effective in children and patients without complications)
c. Disorders of the eye
• Acute Konjunktivis
• Retinitis centralist
• Myopia (in children)
• Cataract (without complications)
d. disturbances in the mouth
• Toothache, post extraction pain tooth
• Acute and chronic pharyngitis
e. Gastrointestinal Disorders
• Spasm of the esophagus and cardia
• Acute and Chronic Gastritis
• Excess gastric acid
• khronik duodenal ulcer (pain relief)
• Acute duodenal ulcer (without complications)
• Acute and chronic colitis
• Acute bacillary dysentery
• Ileus paralitikus
f. Disturbance neurologic and musculoskeletal
• Headaches and migraines
• Trigeminal Neuralgia
• Facial palsy (early stage, in 3 to 6 months)
• Perese from stroke
• Peripheral neuropathy
• Sequele of poliomyelitis (early stage, within 6 months)
• Disease minere
• neurogenic bladder dysfunction
• Nocturnal enuresis
• intercostal neuralgia
• syndrome cervicobranchial
• Frouzen shouder, tennis elbow
• lower back pain
To perform the treatment with acupuncture, no complicated and expensive equipment required.
3. No Potential Side Effects
Treatment with acupuncture does not cause side effects, which on treatment uses drugs
frequently encountered side effects.
Treatment with acupuncture benefits obtained setting function of the body as a whole, whereas
treatment with drugs aimed at disease process or symptoms.
Acupuncture can affect many receptors and working on the meridians and collaterals, thus
acupuncture can treat various diseases.
Progression and development of Eastern medicine has been running and started ogled by the
western world. Exposure of small paper can hopefully give a little understanding of one of the
elements of Eastern medicine.