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ACUPUNCTURE FOR TREATMENT Abstract Eastern medicine that focuses on the use of natural elements has been ogled by the western world. One of the approaches of Eastern medicine is acupuncture. Acupuncture is mostly done because it is cheap, effective and has no side effects. Acupuncture is used between the lan for analgesia, aesthetics, pengatasan drug addiction and treatment of disease. Acupuncture has some basic theory originally been developed in China. I. Preliminary In the world of medicine, there are two types of treatment, ie treatment of western and eastern medicine. Western medicine, based on the development and practice of medicine is going on and applicable in the western world (Europe and America). This treatment focuses on the use of chemicals. On the other hand, Eastern medicine evolved in Asia, particularly China. Treatment how east it is more focused on the use and utilization of natural elements, such as pemijitan (acupreasure), pricking (acupuncture / acupuncture), heating (moksibasi) as well as therapy with a concoction of leaves (herbal treatment). Eastern medicine experts, usually claiming that the treatment they are doing is natural and free from side effects. Acupuncture, done by sticking a needle in a particular body part, and the stabbing is expected to happen a certain impact. This impact will only occur when the stabbings done at the right point, and the lack of impact at all when the stabbings done not at the right point. II. Origins of Acupuncture II.1. Name, Meaning, and Basic Acupuncture The word acupuncture comes from the Greek, namely acus which means needle piercing and meaningful punctura. In the English language be to puncture, while the origin of the word in Chinese is cenciu. The word was later adapted into the Indonesian language into acupuncture or acupuncture. Acupuncture is a treatment which is done by sticking needles in specific points on the body of the patient. Its purpose is to restore the body's balance system so that patients can be healthy again. The basic idea is to balance the system in the body known as homeostasis, which suggests the existence of the universe, earth and human beings can survive because of the laws of nature that always leads to a balance. If people follow the rules in the equilibrium of natural law means we will run a healthy life, whereas if humans do not follow the law or against the balance of nature, means it will hurt. All of these natural phenomena are always paired opposite dynamic in nature, but form a unity, like day and night, hot and cold, solid and liquid, light and dark, right and left, husbands and wives, men and women, and so on . If the opposing elements that come together and build a harmony then generally healthy balance is achieved. II.2.Akupunktur and Community Indonesia Acupuncture can be said already has the role, function, and became one of the components received at the public health system if it meets the following requirements: 1. Based on the science and can be developed openly 2. Acupuncturists have a minimum standard of competence In 1982, the ministry formed subkonsorsium acupuncture as well as working partners Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health in formulating government policy in terms of curriculum of the educational system of acupuncture. Moreover, it also formulates various system upgrading for teachers / educators and testing practices must be followed by acupuncture education institutions in Indonesia. Acupuncturists unity of Indonesia (pivot) which is the sole forum for professional acupuncturists in Indonesia since 1986. From then also enacted that acupuncturists who have a desire to open a practice required to have a license to practice from the local Health Department. Permission is granted after the practice in question has: • National Diploma Acupuncture • Letter of recommendation from the pivot • Other common terms, such as ID cards, letter of good conduct, and passport photo. 3. Acupuncture services can reach the community 4. Acupuncture is not contrary to the conventional treatment Acupuncture treatment used for the following purposes: • Acupuncture anesthesia / acupuncture for analgesia, acupuncture is used to relieve pain, among others, on Rheumatism, migraines, and neuralgia • Acupuncture in the field of aesthetics (beauty acupuncture) • Acupuncture penganggulangan in the field of drug addiction (drug abuse), indicating that acupuncture is an alternative to biomedical Panel and Hauser (1973) states that acupuncture treatment is a supporter and as a weapon to fight various diseases feeling of pain (acupunctur is a supplement, another weapon in the war againist dieses and pain), while according to Ressang (1977) states that acupuncture not only as a alternative medicine but also function as an additional way pad konvensiional treatment (acupuncture onnly is not an alternative but an additive to conventional medicine). 5. Acupuncture and acupuncture services are always monitored III. Basic Theory of Acupuncture III.1.Theory Yin-Yang Yin-Yang theory is a conception of Taoist view of life that are universal. This theory states that all phenomena in the universe has two aspects the opposite and in pairs, namely Yin and Yang. Which means bright and Yin means dark. Yin-Yang include phenomena such as cold-hot, dark-light, weak-strong, in-out, passive-active, moist-dry, bottom-up, women-men, and others. Yin-Yang phenomenon is not absolute, but relative. In certain circumstances can be changed to Yin Yang, or vice versa can be turned into a Yin Yang. All phenomena can be parsed to infinity in the aspect of Yin and Yang. Yin-Yang theory is used to analyze the phenomenon can be observed in the universe. All these aspects have two pairs and opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang. Yin and Yang mutually dependent, mutually limiting, eating each other, and always in a state of dynamic change to ensure balance. Traditional Chinese Medicine to apply the principle of Yin-Yang is to explain the physiological function and pathological changes, as well as guidance in the diagnosis and therapy. 1. Yin-Yang Against Each Other Means that all phenomena in the universe has two opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang, and supervise each other cope. For example: heat (Yang) can eliminate the cold (Yin), the cold can lower the temperature. In normal circumstances, the function of organs in a state of balance of Yin-Yang, is regulated through opposing nature of Yin and Yang. Yin-Yang balance disorders cause disease syndrome. The weakness or excess syndromes Yin means cold, excess Yang or Yin deficiency syndrome means heat. 2. Yin-Yang, The Mutual Depending Which means no without Yin. Existence depends on the existence of Yin Yang, otherwise there is no Yin without Yang, Yin existence depends on the existence of Yang. Yin-Yang in Nature: Yin-Yang Earth-Sky Women-Men Night-Day Moon-Sun Low-High Heavy-Light Declining trend, increased tendency Movement downward-upward movement Moving quietly Yin-Yang in the Human Body: THE YIN- Interior-Exterior Front-Rear The top of the bottom- Bone-Skin Organ-Organ in the outer Blood-Qi Inhibition-Stimulation Deficiency-Excess In the human body, Yin suggests substensi nutrients, Which shows the functional activity of organs of the body. The activity is driven by substance Yin. In other words, Yin is the basic ingredient to ensure the activity. Existence of nutritional substances requiring Yin Yang activities, such as Yang-spleen activity. 3. Yin-Yang Eating Each Other Means activities that occur Yin consumption process, or, Yin Yang consumed to produce. In contrast, consumed to produce the Yin Yang. 4. Yin-Yang Mutual Change The relationship between Yin and Yang is not static and dynamic to ensure a balance of Yin- Yang. In certain circumstances, can be turned into a Yin Yang or Yin Yang can turn into. Application of Theory of Yin-Yang in Chinese traditional medicine: 1. Yin-Yang and the Structure of Organic Organs can be divided into two opposite aspects, namely Yin and Yang. According to traditional Chinese medicine, the organs of the body is divided into an organ of Zang and Fu organs. Zang organs are heart, lungs, spleen, liver, and kidneys; that is Yin. Fu organ is the gall bladder, stomach, small intestine, colon, bladder, and san-jiao; which is Yang. Any organ can be distinguished in Which can be distinguished in the Yin and Yang. Cardiac activity is Yin and Yang are the heart, kidneys are the organs of Yin and kidney function is Yang. 2. Yin-Yang and Physiological Functions Physiological function based on the coordination of Yin-Yang organs. The functional activity depends on the presence of nutrients Yin, otherwise the activity is a driving force to generate nutrient Yin in other words, without the function of the organ of Zang-Fu, food can not be converted into nutrients Yin. Yin-Yang balance is to ensure the health and lives of the human body. 3. Yin-Yang and Pathological Changes According to traditional Chinese medicine, diseases caused by a disturbance of balance between Yin in the body. Which are hot, dry, and consume Yin. Which begs the syndrome of excess heat, yin deficiency, and dried. Conversely, the weakness Which begs the cold syndrome, an excess of Yin, and humid. Yin is cold and moist. Excess Yin and Yang can suppress the cold and damp cause the syndrome. Conversely, lack of Yin and Yang can not control the hot and dry syndrome. 4. Yin-Yang as a Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy The disease occurs due to an imbalance between Yin and Yang in the body organs. Knowing and analyzing impaired balance Yin-Yang is a basis of differentiation syndrome illnesses, while restoring the balance of Yin-Yang is the basis of traditional Chinese medicine therapies. III.2. The theory of Wu-Xing The theory of Wu-Xing looked five elements wood, fire, earth, metal, and water as the basic building blocks of the universe and essential materials for everyday life. In accordance with the theory of Yin-Yang, five elements are in a state perbahan dynamic and interdependent. Understanding simple-Xing Wu was later developed into a complex theory. Wu-Xing theory combined with the theory of Yin-Yang and used to understand the disease syndrome, also to uphold the way of therapy. 1. The relationship between the Five Elements and the Five Zang Organs Five elements wood, fire, earth, metal, and water is classified into five Zang organs. According to equation properties, timber belonging to the liver, is developing free, not like a key, and highly flammable. Fire classified as cardiac, are hot and rising. Land belonging to the spleen, nurturing life. Water classified as kidneys, are cold and flows downward. Metals belonging to the lungs, are declining and clean. 2. The relationship between the Five Elements In accordance with the theory of Yin-Yang, five elements are closely related to each other, support each other and restrict each other to ensure the balance of the universe. Application of the theory of Wu-Xing in Chinese traditional medicine and the Yin-Yang theory is used to understand the physiological, pathological changes, and used as a guide for diagnosis and therapy. Timber trees will grow well in fertile soil and adequate water. Meaning, if a healthy liver spleen and kidneys normal. Liver classified timber, flammable and becomes hot. Means, stagnation of Qi (vital energy) out easily turn into heat-and fire-heart heart. Fire-heart easily disrupt the function of the heart and other organs. IV. Advantages Treatment with Acupuncture When compared, the treatment according to modern medical science with the use of acupuncture, the acupuncture treatment has several advantages, namely: 1. Simply Effective The main indications of acupuncture is to cover all areas, namely infectious disease, physical illness, khemis, biological, nutritional, and allergies, neuropsikopati, surgical, genekologi, childhood disease, osteoarthropati, skin diseases, ENT, eye diseases, oral diseases, and anesthesia . According to WHO (1979), a disease that can be treated with acupuncture and mennunjukkan good results, can be seen in the list below, this observation is based on clinical experience. a. Upper respiratory tract • Acute sinusitis • Acute rhinitis • Flu • Acute tonsillitis b. The respiratory system • Acute Bronchitis • Asthma bronchiale (most effective in children and patients without complications) c. Disorders of the eye • Acute Konjunktivis • Retinitis centralist • Myopia (in children) • Cataract (without complications) d. disturbances in the mouth • Toothache, post extraction pain tooth • ginggivitis • Acute and chronic pharyngitis e. Gastrointestinal Disorders • Spasm of the esophagus and cardia • Hiccups • Gastroptosis • Acute and Chronic Gastritis • Excess gastric acid • khronik duodenal ulcer (pain relief) • Acute duodenal ulcer (without complications) • Acute and chronic colitis • Acute bacillary dysentery • Constipation • Diarrhea • Ileus paralitikus f. Disturbance neurologic and musculoskeletal • Headaches and migraines • Trigeminal Neuralgia • Facial palsy (early stage, in 3 to 6 months) • Perese from stroke • Peripheral neuropathy • Sequele of poliomyelitis (early stage, within 6 months) • Disease minere • neurogenic bladder dysfunction • Nocturnal enuresis • intercostal neuralgia • syndrome cervicobranchial • Frouzen shouder, tennis elbow • Sciatica • lower back pain • Osteoarthritis 2. Economical To perform the treatment with acupuncture, no complicated and expensive equipment required. 3. No Potential Side Effects Treatment with acupuncture does not cause side effects, which on treatment uses drugs frequently encountered side effects. Treatment with acupuncture benefits obtained setting function of the body as a whole, whereas treatment with drugs aimed at disease process or symptoms. Acupuncture can affect many receptors and working on the meridians and collaterals, thus acupuncture can treat various diseases. V. Summary Progression and development of Eastern medicine has been running and started ogled by the western world. Exposure of small paper can hopefully give a little understanding of one of the elements of Eastern medicine.
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