; Sea Buckthorn
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Sea Buckthorn


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									                                 Sea Buckthorn


Sea buckthorn is a deciduous winter-hardy shrub with yellow to orange 6 to 8 mm small
berries, which remain on the shrubs throughout the winter . Sea buckthorn reaches 2 to 5
m in height. The sea buckthorn?s leaves are alternate and narrow are silver-grey colored.
The small, yellow flowers appear in spring before leaves. Both male and female sea
buckthorn plants are needed for fruit production.
Sea buckthorn is used for land reclamation and to prevent soil erosion because of its
extensive root system and its ability to fix nitrogen and other nutrients.

Parts used
The sea buckthorn berries are used to make juice but also bark and leaves are used for the
production of pharmaceuticals or to make sea buckthorn tea. Sea buckthorn oil is produced
from the fruits and seeds.

Isorhamnetin, Flavonoids, Carotenoids, Phytosterols

Medicinal properties
Although sea buckthorn has other benefits, it is most frequently used for the treatment of
diseases of skin and digestive tract. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbiological
activity, relieves pain and promotes tissue regeneration. Sea buckthorn oil is traditionally
used to treat vaginal mucositis, cervical erosion, radiation damage, burns, ulcers and skin
damage. Recent studies have shown that sea buckthorn may also improve heart health.

Wound healing
The best know but also most studied property of sea buckthorn is the improvement of
wound healing. Topical treatment of wounds with extracts or oil from sea buckthorn
relieves pain and accelerates wound healing. Animal studies showed that sea buckthorn
stimulates the healing of gastric ulcers.

Heart health
Flavonoids are linked to a lower risk of heart disease. Studies on humans show no or only
a small effect of sea buckthorn on heart health parameters.

Other facts
The berries have very high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E and flavonoids.
The vitamin C level of 3600 ppm is about 10 times higher than that of oranges. The
seabuckthorn berries are also rich in vitamins B1, B2, K and P. Because of sea buckthorn's
thorny nature, it is becoming popular for planting to deter trespassing animals and people.

Other names
Espino Falso, Oblebicha, Olivella Spinosa, Sallow Thorn, Duindoorn, Seabuckthorn

Source: http://www.phytochemicals.info/plants/sea-buckthorn.php

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