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					                             FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

                                          DRAFT

                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS


i.   General Introduction

1    Health

2    Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology

3    Information and Communication Technologies

4    Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies
5    Energy
6    Environment (including Climate Change)

7    Transport (including Aeronautics)

8    Socioeconomic Sciences and the Humanities

9    Space
10   Security
Annex 1:     International Cooperation Partner Countries

Annex 2:     Eligibility and Evaluation Criteria for Proposals

Annex 3:     Forms of Grant and Maximum Reimbursement Rates for Projects Funded
             Through the Cooperation Work Programme

Annex 4:     General Activities




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                                          FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

i.         General Introduction
This is the work programme for 2007 for the Cooperation Specific Programme of the 7 th Framework
Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities.

The work programme was adopted by the Commission, with the assistance of the Programme Committee,
following the adoption of the Specific Programme 'Cooperation' and the Rules for Participation and
Dissemination.

This work programme provides additional detail of the implementation of the Specific Programme, setting out
information on the priorities, objectives and policy relevance of the research topics which will be implemented
through calls for proposals in 2007.

The Cooperation work programme is structured around 10 chapters, which set out the implementation of the
research Themes. A range of issues of relevance to the Cooperation work programme as a whole are set out in
Annexes 1-4. In general, each chapter is self-standing; however, applicants are advised to read this general
introduction and the Annexes, in addition to the chapter(s) containing the research Theme(s) of interest.

In preparing this work programme, the Commission has relied on advice from a wide range of consultations,
including from the European Technology Platforms1 and from specific advice of a series of advisory groups2.
The European Technology Platforms provide a framework for stakeholders, led by industry, to define research
and development priorities, timeframes and action plans on a number of strategically important issues where
achieving Europe's future growth, competitiveness and sustainability objectives is dependent upon major
research and technological advances in the medium to long term. The advisory groups are groups of
independent, high-level, experts which have been set up by the Commission to advise on the implementation of
Community research policy in each of the ten research Themes contained in this work programme. The experts
were chosen based on their knowledge, skills and significant experience in the field of research and aligned
issues covered by the Themes. More information on the members, and the work, of the advisory groups as well
as the European Technology Platforms can be found on the Europa and CORDIS websites.

In the implementation of the Cooperation Specific Programme, attention is also paid to the working conditions,
transparency of recruitment processes, and career development as regards the researchers recruited on projects
and programmes funded, for which the Commission Recommendation of 11 March 2005 on the European
Charter for Researchers and on a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers offers a reference
framework, while respecting its voluntary nature.


Scope of Work Programme

The scope of this work programme corresponds to that defined in the Cooperation Specific Programme. The
calls for proposals planned within this work programme are those which are scheduled to be launched in 2007.
In addition each of the Themes indicates priorities for future calls.

Cross-Cutting Issues

There are several issues that are of importance to all Themes of the Cooperation Programme. These are
addressed here and, as appropriate, elaborated further in the Themes and/or in the Annexes.



1
    http://cordis.europa.eu/technology-platforms/home_en.html
2
     http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp7/advisory_en.html

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Pluridisciplinary and Cross-Thematic Research, Including Joint Calls

Cross-Thematic and pluridisciplinary research areas are fully included in this work programme, paying
particular attention to key scientific areas such as marine sciences and technologies. Such cross-Thematic
research areas are considered at the topic level, either by a centre of gravity approach with close cooperation of
the Themes involved and with the topic presented in the most relevant Theme, or by consideration of the
specific topic by both Themes. In certain fields of research, where it is clear that proposals will always contain
a high proportion of interest for one of more Themes, there is the potential for joint, and/or coordinated, calls
for proposals between one or more Themes to allow for a more focussed approach to such cross-Thematic or
pluridisciplinary research areas.


Adaptation to Evolving Needs and Opportunities

The Cooperation Programme has been designed to be responsive to the changing and evolving research needs
of European industry and policy makers. Each Theme includes a range of different research topics, including
those relevant to industrial needs, such as those identified in the strategic research agenda for the Technology
Platforms, and topics relevant to the formulation, implementation and assessment of EU policies and
regulations. In addition, 'emerging' research needs are incorporated through more 'bottom-up' research topics.
There is also provision for the inclusion of research topics related to 'unforeseen policy needs' which may
require a quick reaction, as relevant.


Dissemination, Knowledge Transfer and Broader Engagement

FP7 is working to develop a better relationship between scientists and European citizens. With this aim in mind,
the work programme will encourage activities to promote greater public engagement and dialogue in order to
involve citizens and civil society organisations in research and science policy.

The pursuit of scientific knowledge and its technical application towards society requires the talent,
perspectives and insight that can only be assured by increasing diversity in the research workforce. Therefore, a
balanced representation of women and men at all levels in research projects is encouraged. When human beings
are involved as users, gender differences may exist. These will be addressed as an integral part of the research
to ensure the highest level of scientific quality.

With the aim of encouraging young people's interest in science and science studies, account will be taken of the
possible relevance of research results for the purposes of science education. Where appropriate,
communication and dissemination strategies will address the wider audience of policy-makers, the media and
the general public (including young people), in order to promote increased understanding between the scientific
world and society at large.

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and
transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported in the Themes. In addition, CORDIS, a portal
for 'Community Research and Development Information Service', which will provide services to foster the
dissemination of knowledge and the exploitation of research results. The CORDIS portal will also provide
applicants with full details of the calls for proposals open under this work programme, together with all of the
documentation necessary to make an application.


SME Participation



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The participation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) is of particular importance in this work
programme. A special emphasis has been placed on the participation of SMEs; indeed the aim will be to enable
at least 15% of the funding of the Cooperation programme to go to SME participants. Specific research topics
of particular interest for SMEs, or specifically targeted to SMEs are highlighted in each Theme, where relevant.


Ethical Aspects

All research carried out under this work programme must respect fundamental ethical principles, and the
requirements set out in the text of the Cooperation Specific Programme. More information on the procedures
for the peer review of submitted proposals is given in the 'Guidelines on Proposal Evaluation and Project
Selection Procedures'.

The Commission is fully committed to the principles set out in the declaration on the use of human embryonic
stem cells, as set out in the annex to the Commission Communication COM(2006)548 of 26 September 2006.
This states that the Commission will maintain the practice of the Sixth Framework Programme, which excludes
from Community financial support, research activities destroying human embryos, including for the
procurement of stem cells.


Collaborative Research

This specific programme will support a range of research actions involving the active collaboration of research
teams from all sectors, including industry, SMEs, universities and other higher education institutions, research
institutes and centres, international European interest organisations, civil society organisations, and any other
legal entities. These actions will be implemented through the funding schemes: collaborative projects; networks
of excellence, research for the benefit of specific groups (in particular SMEs) and coordination support actions.
Researchers based in Associated States may take part in the cooperation programme on the same basis and with
the same rights and obligations as those based in Member States.


Joint Technology Initiatives

The Cooperation Programme foresees support for a series of Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs). The JTIs are
in fields of major European public interest, focussed on subjects identified through dialogue with industry, in
particular with the European Technology Platforms. It is intended that a legislative proposal for the first series
of Joint Technology Initiatives will be issued in due course. No funding for JTIs is included in the 2007
Cooperation work programme.


Coordination of non-Community Research Programmes

The coordination of non-Community research programmes is an important and integral part of the development
of the European Research Area. This programme builds on the success of activities carried out in the Sixth
Framework Programme. Actions foreseen in the Cooperation work programme will make use of two specific
approaches – the ERA-NET scheme and the participation of the Community in jointly implemented national
research programmes (through Article 169 of the Treaty).

Two different types of ERA-NET actions are foreseen in the Cooperation work programme. Topics for ERA-
NET proposals, falling within the scope of one of the Themes are identified specifically within the Theme
concerned. These topics will, for the most part, be the subject of a joint callERA-NET actions are of a
horizontal nature, or not directly linked to a Cooperation Theme, will be evaluated and supported jointly across

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all of the Themes. Within this context, the ERA-NET scheme may cover subjects not directly linked to the
Themes of the Cooperation programme in as far as they have a sufficient European added value. Further
information on the horizontal ERA-NET activities is given in Annex 4 to this work programme, information on
the Thematic ERA-NET activities called for in this work programme are given in the appropriate chapters and
summarised in Annex 4.

A number of initiatives for the participation of the Community in the joint implementation of national research
programmes are foreseen for the Cooperation work programme. These will be the subject of a separate
decision on the basis of Article 169 of the Treaty. Further information on Article 169 activities are given either
in the appropriate chapters of the work programme, where relevant, or in Annex 4 for Article 169 initiatives of
a horizontal nature or not directly linked to Cooperation Themes.

In addition, the Cooperation programme will also provide support to actions aiming at enhancing the
complementarity and synergy between FP7 and ongoing cooperation initiatives (e.g. COST and EUREKA),
other activities of intergovernmental research organisations, and networks and associations active at EU level.
Further information on these activities is given in Annex 4 to this work programme.




International Cooperation

International cooperation represents an important dimension of all research activities carried out in the
Cooperation programme. International cooperation in the research actions in the Cooperation Programme is
implemented in the following two ways:
 Through the opening up of research activities to researchers and research organisations from all
  International Cooperation Partner Countries (ICPC) and from industrialised countries. There is provision
  for the financing of the participation of research partners from the ICPC countries from the FP7 budget. In
  some of the topics included in the programme, the participation of particular countries is particularly
  welcomed, in areas of mutual interest, and this is clearly stated in the topic description. This participation
  may also be implemented in the form of coordinated or joint calls:

 Through specific international cooperation actions (SICA) in each Theme, which are dedicated to third
  countries in specific topics of mutual interest. Such SICA topics are clearly identified in each Theme. It
  should be noted that specific participation criteria apply to such topics (participation of a minimum of two
  Member States or Associated countries plus two targeted countries). Further information on these criteria
  is given in each Theme and also in the relevant Guide for Applicants. A list of the International Cooperation
  Partner Countries is given in Annex 1.


Risk-Sharing Finance Facility

Improving access to loans for RTD actions requires public support to overcome market deficiencies for the
financing of riskier European RTD actions. In accordance with Annex III of the Cooperation Specific
Programme, the Community will provide a contribution to the European Investment Bank (EIB). This
contribution will contribute to the Community’s objective to foster private sector investment in research,
technological development and demonstration (RTD) as well as innovation through a Community contribution
to a Risk Sharing Finance Facility (RSFF), a financing instrument established by the European Investment
Bank.

Further information on the Risk-Sharing Finance Facility is given in Annex 4 to this work programme.

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Submitting a Proposal

Proposals should be submitted in accordance with the terms set out in a call for proposals. In order to submit a
proposal, applicants should consult the following documents:

 The text of the call for proposals, as announced in the Official Journal of the European Union, and
  published on the webpage of the Theme concerned;
 This work programme; and
 The relevant Guide for Applicants
There are also a number of other useful texts, which applicants could refer to, including the Specific
Programme 'Cooperation', Rules for Participation for FP7, the Guidelines on Proposal Evaluation and Project
Selection Procedures, and the Commission Recommendation on the European Charter for Researchers and
on a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers. These documents, and other relevant background
documents, are available on the CORDIS website.

Every Member State and Associated State has appointed a set of National Contact Points (NCPs) to assist
potential applicants in writing their application to FP7 and implementing their projects. There is a NCP for
each of the Themes of the Cooperation Programme. Applicants are encouraged to make contact with the
relevant NCP from their country at an early stage in writing their application.



Evaluation Criteria and Related Issues

The 'Rules on Submission of Proposals and the Related Evaluation, Selection and Award Procedures' set out the
basic procedures to be followed by all programmes under the 7th Framework Programme.

The set of eligibility and evaluation criteria for this work programme is given in Annex 2. Any complementary
criteria, which may apply, are clearly set out in the relevant chapter of this work programme.

All proposals which deal with ethical issues and all proposals for which ethical concerns have been identified
during the evaluation process may be reviewed by a separate ethical evaluation panel, before they can be
selected for funding. Further information on this ethical review and all aspects of the evaluation procedure are
given in the 'Rules on Submission of Proposals and the Related Evaluation, Selection and Award Procedures'.

The work programmes, and consequently the calls for proposals, may specify and restrict the participation of
legal entities, according to their activity and type, or according to the funding scheme used.

Calls for proposals may involve a two-stage submission and/or a two-step evaluation procedure. When such a
procedure is employed, this is clearly stated in the call for proposals and the Guides for Applicants. More
information on two-stage submission and two-step evaluation is given in the 'Rules on Submission of Proposals
and the Related Evaluation, Selection and Award Procedures'.

In carrying out the evaluations of proposals received, the Commission may chose to send the proposals to
external experts, or to make the proposals available electronically, so that the experts may carry out their
examination and review of the proposals at their home and/or their place of work.




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                               FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP




                               Theme 4
     “Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production
                         Technologies – NMP”

                                           Provisional


                           NMP Work Programme
                                       November 24th, 2006

             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                         Table of contents

I    Context                                                                             1

II   Content of Calls                                                                    5

        Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies                                       7

        Materials                                                             18

        New Production                                                        26

        Integration of technologies for industrial applications               35

III Call for Tenders in 2007                                                           41

IV Implementation of calls 2007                                                        42

V    Indicative priorities for future call(s)                                          49

     Annex 1 List of International Cooperation Partner Countries (ICPC)                53
     Annex 2 FP7 Evaluation Criteria                                                   54
     Annex 3 Table for forms of funding in FP 7                                        57
     Annex 4



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Objective

Improve the competitiveness of European industry and generate knowledge to ensure its transformation
from a resource-intensive to a knowledge-intensive industry, by creating step changes through research
and implementing decisive knowledge for new applications at the crossroads between different
technologies and disciplines. This will benefit both new, high-tech industries and higher-value,
knowledge-based traditional industries, with a special focus on the appropriate dissemination of RTD
results to SMEs. These activities are concerned with enabling technologies which impact all industrial
sectors and many other FP7 Themes.


I      Context
I.1    Policy context
The core objective of Theme 4 “Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies
– NMP” is to fund research, development, demonstration, and coordination projects that will effectively
contribute, either on their own or by enabling further development, to the transformation of European
industry from a resource-intensive to a knowledge-intensive industry, thus meeting the challenge imposed by
the new industrial revolution and competition at global level. This transformation is essential in order to
produce, in a sustainable manner, high added value products, embedding European cultural values through
design; and this in turn is essential to not only stop the relocation of European industry, but also create new
industries, and hence growth and employment. Furthermore, it should be driven and supported by a competitive
knowledge production capacity at the global level.
The NMP Theme pursues the overall objective of enhancing the competitiveness of European industry by
generating step changes in a wide range of sectors and implementing decisive knowledge for new
applications      at    the     crossroads       between     different   technologies     and    disciplines.
Research will be focused on generating high added-value products and related processes and technologies
to meet customer requirements as well as growth, public health, occupational safety, environmental protection
prerequisites, and societal values and expectations. The competitiveness of more mature industries is also
largely dependent on their capacity to integrate knowledge and new technologies.

I.2    Approach
NMP ensures continuity with previous programmes, but it has evolved on the basis of the acquired experience
and of the challenges imposed by the needs of European industry.
Europe’s position still needs to be strengthened in the research activities related to nano-sciences,
nanotechnologies, materials and production technologies within the highly competitive global context. The
competitiveness of industry will largely depend on new knowledge and on new ways of integrating and
exploiting existing and new knowledge. Europe can benefit from its recognised leadership in specific fields and
particularly through bringing specialist disciplines together.
A key issue will be to integrate competitiveness, innovation and sustainability into the research activities
covered by the Theme as well as initiatives capable of fostering the dialogue with society at large. In addition to
taking into account the Strategic Research Agendas (SRAs) of the several European Technology Platforms
associated with this Theme 4, research has to be complemented by activities aimed at education, and skills
development and addressing the more long-term research issues underlying many technology fields.
A key element of Theme 4 is the effective integration of nano-technology, materials science, design and new
production methods, so as to achieve and maximise impacts for industrial transformation and, at the same time,
supporting sustainable production and consumption.
It is clear that with this very wide applicability, selective choices will have to be made as the Theme evolves
over the duration of the Framework Programme. The strategic approach will be strongly focused on
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demonstrable added value in EU industry arising from a proper appreciation of the potential of
nanotechnologies, materials and production technologies.
To this end Theme 4 is structured as follows:
a) Three thematic activities, Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies,
each of which requires significant new RTD efforts to generate knowledge and integrate its different
technologies for problem-solving approaches.
b) A fourth activity of “Integration” as such, which aims at developing new applications and new approaches in
different industrial sectors by combining research from the first three activities. This is a deliverable-driven
integration to generate high added value products, with particular - but not exclusive - reference to industrial
and regulatory needs and challenges identified with the European Technology Platforms. Applications in all
sectors of industrial activities and areas of application may be supported including materials sciences and
technologies, efficient health, safety and environmental (HSE) evaluation, high performance manufacturing and
process technologies, nanobiotechnology and nanoelectronics, instrumentation, etc.
In the long term, this Theme aims at capitalising on the enormous potential of nanosciences and
nanotechnologies for the creation of a true knowledge-based industry and economy. Emphasis will be
increasingly given to research helping to develop the S&T base in particular in nanosciences, nanomaterials and
nanomanufacturing.
In the medium term, the focus is on a convergence of knowledge, technologies and skills drawn from different
disciplines, exploiting application-driven scientific and technological synergies.
In both cases it will be essential to ensure the uptake of knowledge generated through effective dissemination
and use of the results.
Emerging and unforeseen needs in NMP
In line with the NMP strategy, research on emerging needs will be carried out, notably to address emerging
specific scientific and societal issues as well as new technological challenges deriving from on-going research
closely related to the activities of the Theme. Any unforeseen needs will be addressed in a flexible way and
may, for example, relate to existing and possibly modified regulations, to standardisation, to support the
transformation towards a knowledge-based industry, or to an exploration of the potential for possible ethical,
health, safety and environmental impacts arising from nanotechnologies.
SMEs
The NMP Theme is particularly relevant to SMEs of all industrial sectors due to their needs and roles with
respect to advanced technologies. SMEs can participate in each and every call for proposals implemented by
Theme 4.
In addition, dedicated calls for SME-targeted projects will be implemented in specific areas with the aim of
reinforcing the scientific and technological base of SMEs and of validating innovative solutions. SME projects
should be led by SMEs with R&D capacities and, obviously, include the participation of universities, research
centres and other industries or industrial associations as appropriate. In each project, at least 35% of the EC
contribution is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs.
International Cooperation
The increasingly important international dimension of industrial research requires a well-coordinated approach
to working with third countries and in international forums. International cooperation activities will therefore be
an important issue across the Theme, where there is clear mutual benefit in terms of knowledge generation and
market expansion. Specific actions may include:
   -   activities with industrialised countries and those having signed an S&T cooperation agreement in the
       fields of NMP, that may be implemented via coordinated calls to address objectives of mutual interest;
   -   specific initiatives to promote the participation in the NMP Theme of emerging economies and

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        developing countries to secure their access to advanced knowledge. These initiatives will consist of
        technical workshops and similar events, in particular in the fields of materials sciences and
        nanomaterials, in order to identify topics of mutual interest for future coordinated calls and other
        initiatives for fostering cooperation. Initial contacts have been established with third countries such as
        China, India and Russia.
    -   the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) scheme, which allows RTD cooperation between the
        member regions of the IMS agreement3;
    -   the development of internationally harmonised standards and nomenclature;
    -   dialogue with major countries on a “code of conduct” for the responsible and safe development of
        nanotechnology.
Initiatives to coordinate and exchange research data are encouraged (such as in the environmental, safety and
health issues for nanotechnologies), paving the way for a common understanding of regulatory needs by policy
makers across the world.
Coordination with National activities
Specific actions to coordinate programmes and joint activities conducted at national and regional level will
also be carried out through ad hoc schemes (with particular reference to ERANET and ERANET-plus) so as to
promote convergence of national research programmes and to reinforce critical mass and national as well as
technical synergies within and between the emerging European Technology Platforms. Industrial research will
benefit from the coordination of activities in areas such as metrology, toxicology, standards and nomenclature.
Actions to improve synergies between the research activities of Member States and Associated States, including
COST and Eureka, are also envisaged.
Coordination with other Themes
The cross-sectoral nature of Theme 4 – NMP – means that obvious links also exist between NMP and the other
Themes of the 7th Framework Programme under the Specific Programme “Cooperation”, in particular Health,
Food, Security, Space, ICT, Energy, Environment, Transport. Cross-thematic areas will be addressed, on the
one hand, through joint calls published jointly with other Themes, thus ensuring that the same objectives are
achieved and, on the other hand, through coordinated calls so as to address complementary objectives via a
coordinated approach. Synergy with the Specific Programme “Capacities” of the 7 th Framework Programme
will be put forward.
Funding Schemes
Theme 4 will be implemented through the following funding schemes common to FP7:
       Collaborative projects: Small or medium-scale focussed research projects and large scale integrating
        projects will be subject to separate calls. For the small or medium scale focussed research projects the
        maximum EC funding requested must not exceed € 4 million, while for large scale integrating projects
        the minimum EC funding requested must exceed € 4 million. The financial resources mobilised within
        projects will be assessed against the real work to be carried out and, therefore, a wide range of project-
        sizes (within the limits given by the thresholds mentioned above) is expected.
       Networks of excellence will be used to promote durable integration of key competencies where still
        needed, so as to support integrating research activities in strategic areas for European competitiveness.
        These Networks should show clear impacts in structuring and reinforcing research capacities in the
        fields covered by the Theme. Training is an integral part of the activities.
       Coordination and Support actions may relate to coordination and networking activities, at European and
        international, national or regional level (organisation of events, studies, where relevant, organisation and

3
 The agreement for S&T technical cooperation in the domains of IMS is between the European Community and the United States of
America, Japan, Australia, Canada, Korea, and the EFTA States of Norway and Switzerland.

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       management of joint or common initiatives); activities to support the implementation of the Theme
       (including dissemination, information and communication); activities to stimulate and encourage the
       participation of civil society organisations;
The forms of the grant to be used for the funding schemes in this part of the Work Programme are stated in
Annex 3.


Other activities within the programme
The funding of projects through the above schemes and the development of the programme will be supported
by:
       the use of appointed external experts for the evaluation of project proposals and, where appropriate, for
the reviewing of running projects;
      studies into relevant future needs of industry and society; whilst proposals for "bottom up" studies may
be submitted as Coordination and Supporting Actions, "top down" studies will be implemented through public
procurement;
     the use of external assistance (by "Project Technical Assistants") as necessary to enable detailed,
prompt, pro-active, and scientifically competent following of the projects by the Commission (to be
implemented through public procurement);
       where appropriate, the Commission will issue Calls for Tender for public procurements such as
specific studies or services required to achieve the programme objectives, particularly with regard to the
monitoring and assessment of the programme and to the promotion and dissemination of results.
       Dissemination actions: dissemination of specific project results (apart from publication / promotion on
CORDIS and as success stories) is meant to be an integral part within each project. However, in addition,
specific dissemination activities are also envisaged:
     - supporting actions implemented via calls for proposals (for "bottom up" topics) or public procurement
       (for "top down" topics): promotion of synergies, clusters of results within a given area (conferences,
       video/broadcasting, publications, prizes and awards, exhibitions and generic brokerage events, etc.);
     - publication on CORDIS: information to proposers, information on funded projects; presentation of
       project results.
      Monitoring, evaluation, and impact assessment: NMP will comply with the prevailing requirements
for monitoring, evaluation, and impact assessment. This may involve studies and surveys (implemented through
public procurement) as well as panels of nominated experts and "bottom up" inputs obtained through funded
projects and Coordination and Supporting Actions. This will include the ex-post impact assessment of NMP
projects from the 6th Framework Programme and studies of the longer term impact of Community funding of
research in certain areas / disciplines / sectors.
Given that the possibility to assess the impact of RTD funding programmes is limited by the availability of
adequate methodologies, NMP may also contribute to the development of novel or improved methodologies
aiming at the chain from RTD result to innovation to impact.
       Promoting exploitation and innovation: NMP will continue to fight the gap between the (generally
high) level of scientific-technical success of its funded projects and the (often lower) level of actual
implementation of these results (as necessary to lead to growth, competitiveness, sustainability, jobs), but will
use a wider range of tools than the Technological Implementation Plan (TIP) Seminars and Exploitation
Strategy Seminars offered to limited numbers of projects in the 5th and 6th Framework Programmes. External
assistance to identify and address possible obstacles to the future exploitation of the intended results of projects
will be offered throughout the lifetime of these and will not be limited to a fixed format. These initiatives will
be implemented through public procurement.


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      Risk Sharing Finance Facility (see annex 4): In addition to direct financial support to participants in
RTD actions, the European Community will improve their access to private sector finance by contributing
financially to the 'Risk-Sharing Finance Facility' (RSFF) established by the European Investment Bank (EIB).
The European Community contribution to RSFF will be used by the Bank in accordance with eligibility criteria
set out in the Work Programme 'Co-operation' (Annex 4). RSFF support is not conditional on promoters
securing grants resulting from Framework Programme calls for proposals, although the combination of grants
and RSFF-supported financing from EIB is possible.
In accordance with the Specific Programme 'Cooperation' which stipulates that the Community contribution to
RSFF will be funded by proportional contributions of all Themes, except Socio-economic Sciences and the
Humanities, the Commitment Appropriations for this Theme to RSFF in 2007 will be EUR 18 million. This
amount will be committed entirely in 2007.
The use of the Community Contribution from the Specific Programme 'Cooperation' will be on a 'first come,
first served' basis and will not be constrained by the proportional contribution of Themes.

Participation of women in research and gender dimension
The pursuit of scientific knowledge and its technical application towards society requires the talent,
perspectives and insight that can only be assured by taking due account of the value of women in RTD
activities and in the process of transforming the European industry. The gender issues at the level of the NMP
objectives and topics may have a particular relevance in areas such as new business and organisational models,
toxicity and risk as well as areas where industrial technologies research is aimed at medical applications e.g. in
the case of nanomedicine - diagnostics, drug-delivery or regenerative medicine. NMP is committed to
undertake specific measures (such as analysis, workshops, etc.) to ensure practical uptakes of this issue together
with industry.



II     Content of calls for proposals in 2007

The work programme content for Theme 4 – NMP presented below introduces each activity and gives a
description of the research topics for which proposals are called. The description of each topic, in addition to
the technical content and scope, includes any participation requirements (such as industrial participation, where
appropriate) as well as related expected impact(s) for the topic. It will nevertheless be the task of the proposers,
on a case by case basis, to identify in detail the expected quantitative and qualitative impacts of their project.
Each research topic specifies which funding scheme is to be used.
Priority topics to be included in future calls are described under Chapter V.
For the NMP Theme, the evaluation of proposals for Collaborative projects (including those dedicated to
SMEs) and Networks of Excellence will be organised in two stages. The rationale for this is due to the specific
nature of Theme 4 – NMP, which is multidisciplinary, cross sectoral and SME intensive, for which a “bottom-
up” approach is encouraged.
The first stage proposal should focus on the S & T content and on clear identification of the intended results,
their intended use, and the expected (economic, social, environmental, etc.) impact. It will be evaluated on the
basis of two criteria: scientific quality and expected impact. Coordinators of retained proposals in stage 1 will
be invited to submit a complete proposal that will then be evaluated against the entire set of evaluation criteria.
Theme 4 activities and related topics described below will be implemented through calls for proposals as
described in Chapter IV: Implementation of calls.




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              The multidisciplinarity of the NMP Programme and the preparation of the WP
The NMP theme within the Specific Programme "Cooperation" under FP7 has as its main strategic objective
the transformation of EU industry. It therefore focuses on a wide range of industrial sectors and on a wide range
of RTD domains.
-   The range of industrial sectors evidently covers those key sectors which concern industrial production,
    such as manufacturing and chemical processing, but it also extends to traditional sectors (construction,
    textiles, etc), which are moving up the high-technology innovation stream, and to other sectors striving to
    maintain and increase their leading position within the EU (electronics, photonics, medical equipment, etc.).
-   The RTD domains addressing the RTD challenges for a strategic industrial transformation range from (a)
    nanosciences and nanotechnologies that are becoming one of the new paradigms and enabling factors across
    virtually all fields of science and technology, to (b) materials that are rapidly acquiring the knowledge-
    based feaatures, to (c) the products/production-related technologies that are pushing towards the "factory of
    the future", something that will strongly underpin the revolution that is needed.
-   The necessary synergetic integration of RTD from these three technological domains, wherever this is
    possible, is evident to everyone.
No other FP7 Theme presents such characteristics related to practically all human endeavour. Moreover, the
sustainability concern (balance in economic growth, social well-being and benign approaches in terms of
public health, occupational safety, and environmental protection) resides at the centre of any industrial RTD
development. All the above require close attention and cooperation with several other FP7 Themes.
Furthermore, during the last few years, much effort has been spent by the stakeholders within the European
Technology Platforms (ETPs) around the definition of strategic research in about 30 EU sectors. The NMP
programme is the most involved among FP7 Themes, since it is directly related to 12 and indirectly to 4 of
these ETPs. Integrating the long-term vision that industry itself provides will greatly enhance the effectiveness
of RTD related to long-term challenges, also allowing benefits for additional sectors and other stakeholders to
be included, through the development of generic technologies.
The multidimensional elements identified above present a challenge for the preparation of a common Work
Programme for NMP. For instance, a topic appearing under one of the first three activities (N, M, P) might well
have as many integration threads as a topic under the "Integration" activity itself, while topics stemming from
the strategic vision of a particular ETP may appear either under the "Integration" activity or under any one of
the other three.




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II.1    Activity 4.1         Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies

Nanosciences and nanotechnologies are widely seen as a multi-disciplinary and integrative RTD approach
having huge potential to improve competitiveness and sustainable development across a wide range of
industrial sectors. Here the strategic objective is twofold: to generate new knowledge by studying phenomena
and manipulation of matter at the nanoscale; and to promote innovation by developing nanotechnologies that
will enable the manufacturing of new nanotechnology-based products and/or innovative delivery of services.
This will lead to a new generation of high added value, competitive products and services with superior
performance across a range of applications.
Emphasis will be placed on the exploration of new concepts and approaches for various sectoral applications,
with some emphasis during first calls on equipment related to healthcare and bioscience. This will increasingly
require the integration and convergence of emerging technologies at the nanoscale. Interdisciplinary, integrating
theoretical and experimental approaches must be promoted. The research will also address the relevant
instruments, tools, pilot lines and demonstration activities required for highly novel approaches to
nanotechnology-based manufacturing in the most promising industrial sectors.
At the same time this activity will also investigate the impact of nanotechnology on society and the relevance of
nanoscience and technology for the solution of societal problems as well as the societal acceptance of
nanotechnology. This will include research on potential ethical, public health, occupational safety and
environmental protection implications as well as safety, monitoring and sensing, metrology, nomenclature and
standards which are becoming increasingly important to pave the way for industrial applications. Specific
actions may also be launched to implement the Commission’s integrated and responsible approach as well as
the measures outlined in the associated Action Plan “Nanosciences and nanotechnologies: An action plan for
Europe 2005-2009” (COM(2005) 243).
Knowledge gaps in relation to the risk assessment of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies could currently
constitute an impediment to the smooth implementation of regulatory requirements. Coherently, actions may be
funded that will facilitate this, thus enhancing industry’s capability to provide the full benefits of
nanotechnologies, in conditions of trust of and transparency to citizens.


4.1.1          Nanosciences and converging sciences
Long-term interdisciplinary research into understanding phenomena, mastering processes and developing
leading edge research tools and techniques is vital for the future of EU industry. The main objective is to
support the development of new knowledge by studying the phenomena and manipulation of matter at the
nanoscale in order to open new horizons. The research also focuses on new structures and systems with novel
or pre-defined properties and behaviour with attention to possible applications. This involves interdisciplinary
approaches in collaborative research that may include several fields of sciences or disciplines such as:
biological sciences, physics, chemistry, electronic, engineering, mathematics, environmental related disciplines,
cognitive sciences, social sciences, etc.


NMP-2007-1.1-1         Nano-scale mechanisms of bio/non-bio interactions
Technical content / scope: A better understanding of the interactions between biological entities and
nanostructures is of central importance for functionalised materials and systems such as the development of
active surfaces with adapted biocompatibility, improved amalgamation in heterogeneous materials, effective
industrial processes, etc. The objective will be to explore the interaction mechanisms at the nano-scale between
biological systems and nanostructures (including surfaces). The expected projects should foresee upstream
interdisciplinary research on nanostructures which induce specific behaviour on contact with biological systems
and explore the interaction with and effect on these biological systems. The expected projects should pave the
way for future industrial application by enabling the design of structures which interact in a predictable and

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controllable way with biological systems; thereby improving performance of industrial processes (e.g. biocide
surfaces for industrial or clinical use, medical devices, functionalised packaging, technical and medical textiles,
bioresponsive materials, etc.). The expected projects should combine experimental and theoretical work such as
modelling of the basic processes and functional units, as appropriate.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: Consortia could include users.
Expected impact: (i) Solutions going well beyond the state of the art; (ii) substantial innovation in industry and
perspectives for new products with higher added value in various sectoral applications (e.g. marine industry,
construction, energy production, medical and hygiene applications, textiles, etc.); (iii) medium-long term
innovation in industrial processes (e.g. food industry or waste management).


NMP-2007-1.1-2         Self-assembling and self-organisation
Technical content / scope: Self-organisation is a very promising approach, in particular regarding cost-
effective up-scaling. Of central importance for applications are structures with controlled properties over
multiple scales, multi-component structures, and the connection of self-ordered systems with conventionally
produced structures and functions. The objective will be to achieve systems with predictable and controllable
properties in particular composition and physico-chemical structure. The expected collaborative projects should
foresee research for the development of nanostructures by self-assembling and self-organisation aimed at motifs
capable of generating new functionalities. Understanding the underlying processes of self-organisation and their
application to the bottom-up design of structures/materials, in particular with regard to multi-scale and multi-
component self-organising systems, should be a main topic of the activities (including appropriate computer
modelling). Combining self-organisation with other methods for controlled structuring must be part of the
exploration of concepts for future application.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: Consortia could include users.
Expected impact: (i) Solutions going well beyond the state of the art; (ii)substantial innovation in industrial
processes, such as chemistry, optics or electronics; (iii) more added value and/or lower production costs; (iv)
innovative industrial ways contributing to sustainable production and development.


NMP-2007-1.1-3               Support to networking ICPC4 researchers in nanotechnology and creation of a free
                             and open electronic archive of nanosciences and nanotechnologies scientific and
                             technical publications
Technical content/scope: The European Commission aims to avoid that a number of countries are put in the
factual impossibility of profiting from the benefits of nanotechnology. The EC strategy puts the “nano divide”
as a target to address and reduce. The expected support action should select and present scientific and technical
publications of nanosciences and nanotechnologies (made completely accessible or referred to) in an open and
freely accessible database. User-friendly tools for text mining, including support for effective use, could be
considered as well as a system of cross links. Access and information about updates and important news should
preferably be provided via an existing and well established European website. This electronic archive should be
organised to allow partner search and networking amongst researchers and stakeholders in ICPC (International
Co-operation Partner Countries) so as to facilitate research in nanotechnology and related activities such as
education or the application of research results. Networking with European researchers is encouraged in order
to facilitate the inclusion of researchers from ICPC in the FP7 calls concerning nanotechnology.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities.
Specific features: Cooperation with ICPC is encouraged. The main elements should be in existence within 12
months and the archive should be made available for general access. It should be regularly updated within a
4
    ICPC: International Cooperation Partner Country (see list in Annex 1)

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total indicative duration for this action of 4 years. Only one electronic archive support action will be funded.
The consideration of gender issues is encouraged, where appropriate.
Expected impact: (i) Dissemination of selected high quality information in countries where nanotechnology is
not yet developed; (ii) networking amongst researchers; (iii) fight against the “nano divide”; (iv) inclusivity in
the research and development in nanotechnology; (v) sustainable development; (vi) implementation of the
European Commission’s Action Plan forNanosciences and Nanotechnologies; (vii) reinforcement of the
international dimension of European research within the 7th Framework Programme; (viii) improved knowledge
of the FP7 in ICPC and facilitation of their participation in further calls for proposals.

NMP-2007-1.1-4         Development of methodology, collection and elaboration of scientific-technical and
                       socio-economic data and studies on nanosciences and nanotechnologies, including
                       risk assessment, and establishment of an observatory.
Technical content/scope: Investment in nanotechnology is rising in Europe as well as worldwide. As for all
technologies, “limits” and “risks” need to be addressed. Stakeholders need reliable and complete data in order
to take decisions such as for the allocation of funding, regulations or other initiatives. With this support action
an observatory should be established, appropriate methodology developed, data collected and analysed so as to
provide European decision makers with state-of-the-art analyses as well as dynamic assessments of
nanotechnology development and use, allowing stakeholders to understand levels of success and critical issues,
and to take actions. The expected support action could include networking of existing national activities and/or
centres, and address: research and relevant economic activities of countries and organisations with a focus on
comparing the European Research Area with other significant regions of the world; strategies and trends of
research in nanotechnology not under public funding; nanotechnology infrastructures in respect to their
availability and accessibility in Europe; market data and market potential in nanotechnology and
nanotechnological sub-areas, including products and sectors involved; road-mapping; economic and social
impact of nanotechnology, including consideration of needs for science-based communication. A roadmap of
actions, actors and timing could also be developed with the view of achieving a "safe and responsible" level of
competitiveness for the European nanotechnology-based industry. When appropriate, possible best practices
should be identified. A balanced “governing board” encompassing with equilibrium representatives of all main
EU stakeholders should be established. This action should take into account relevant existing and ongoing
activities, and be complementary to them. A user-friendly and inter-operable database that links together the
different pieces of information should be created so as to allow cross analyses and comprehensive overviews. .
It should also aim at integrating or linking, where appropriate, relevant data available from other sources, such
as specific databases on the impact of nanotechnology on public health, occupational safety, and the
environment.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities.
Specific features: The indicative duration of this action should be 4 years. Maximum grant: € 4 million. Only
one observatory and support action will be funded. Gender issues should be considered and gender-specific data
should be produced, where possible.
Expected impact: (i) Support to the European Commission and the EU Member States decision making
procedures; (ii) support to actions and work of all stakeholders: researchers, industrialists, investors and the
“civil society”; (iii) orientation for the appropriateness for dedicated European infrastructures and the possible
interest of creating poles of excellence in well identified subjects; (iv) sustainable development; (v) support to
good governance in nanotechnology; (vi) implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for
Nanotechnology.




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NMP-2007-1.1-5              ERANET Plus in nanosciences5
Technical content/scope: New development in nanotechnologies relies heavily on fundamental research in
nanosciences. Future applications of nanotechnologies will emerge thanks to the understanding of the “nano-
world” that nanosciences are presently developing through extensive exploratory fundamental research. The
aim of the ERANET Plus project is to pool the necessary financial resources from the participating national (or
regional) research programmes and the Community with a view to launching a joint call for proposals for basic
research projects in nanosciences that will be evaluated and managed jointly by the participating programmes.
The joint call should be planned with a clear focus on the interdisciplinary nature of nanosciences as well as on
the added value deriving from the cooperation at transnational level. The proposals submitted to the joint call
shall be evaluated according to a common peer review evaluation mechanism. A fixed set of broader evaluation
criteria (including excellence and European added value) shall be included in the set of common criteria to be
defined by the participants. Thematic focusing of this joint call should be commensurate with the funds
available, so as to ensure a reasonable rate of success in the call. Details on the topics covered by the call will
be decided by the participants in due time but shall be selected upon consultation with the Commission services
concerned. Topics should be wide enough to allow for interdisciplinary collaborations and, for example, could
relate to the fabrication, characterization, study and use of individual nano-objects applied to the study of
cellular processes.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions. This ERANET Plus action will be supported through
Coordination and Support Actions. The Community contribution, that will include a limited and small financial
support for the launching and management of the joint call, will essentially provide funding for topping-up the
national (or regional) contributions to the joint call budget. The total EC contribution for this ERANET Plus
project is limited to a maximum of 1/3 of the total cumulative joint call budget, up to € 8 million.
Specific features: See Annex 4. To be eligible, ERANET Plus proposals have to respond to the following
criteria:
  - a single joint call should be planned with a clear financial commitment from the participants;
  - eligible participants are programme owners or programme managers. A minimum of 5 participants from 5
     different Member or Associated States providing funding in the joint call is requested;
  - minimum financial budget of the joint call: € 5 million;
  - each project to be retained for funding shall be transnational (minimum 2 partners from different countries).
Expected impact: (i) Improve coordination and reduce overlapping in key fields of research; (ii) achieve
critical mass and ensure better use of limited resources in fields of mutual interests; (iii) share good practices in
implementing research programmes; (iv) promote transnational collaborations and new knowledge generation.



4.1.2               Nanotechnologies and converging technologies


Europe enjoys a strong position in nanosciences that needs to be translated into a real competitive advantage for
European industry. Exploration of new concepts and approaches for sectorial applications, including the
integration and convergence of emerging technologies at the nanoscale, are needed to promote the development
of an RTD-intensive European nanotechnology related industry and the uptake of nanotechnologies in existing
industrial sectors to promote the step change in industrial performance that is needed.
The main objective is to promote industrial innovation by developing nanotechnologies that will enable both
the manufacturing of new, higher performance "nano-enabled" services, products, components, devices and
systems across a range of applications and the development of totally new manufacturing processes. Whenever
appropriate, an interdisciplinary approach integrating different technologies, sciences or disciplines should be

5
    This topic is subject to a joint call for ERA-NETs across the Themes. For further information see Annex 4.

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considered including health, safety and environmental issues as well as nomenclature, metrology and
standardisation.


NMP-2007-1.2-1           Pilot lines to study, develop and up-scale nanotechnology-based processes from
                         laboratory
Technical content/scope: The transfer of promising nanotechnology research results into new industrial
technologies still represents a bottleneck. The expected projects should be focused on the scale-up of innovative
nanotechnology-based and laboratory-scale processes to pilot-line-scale for industrial application. The expected
projects should include appropriate modelling to design and predict processes and production lines. The goal is
thus to facilitate the transfer from laboratory-scale activities to larger scale processes that would open the way
for industrial production lines thereby enhancing European competitiveness. Economic aspects of the proposals
are therefore crucial and possible solutions should present a strong link to market needs. The projects could
include an assessment regarding public health and consumer protection, occupational safety and the
environment, as well as an evaluation of impacts on regulation.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: Additional activities other than research could be included as appropriate, such as metrology
for online monitoring and control, safety issues, specific education modules or the analysis of existing and
required regulations. If appropriate, accompanying life cycle assessment (LCA) studies should be performed
according to ISO 14040ff and the data should be provided according to data format and quality requirements set
up by the European Platform for LCA (http://lca.jrc.ec.europa.eu). In line with the objectives of this topic,
adequate industrial participation is recommended.

Expected impact: (i) Solutions going well beyond the state-of–the-art; (ii) stimulation and acceleration of the
industrial take-up of promising results beyond laboratory scale; (iii) new competitive industrial processes; (iv)
sustainable development.


NMP-2007-1.2-2        Equipment and methods for nanotechnology
Technical content / scope: Equipment and methods for characterisation and operations at the nanoscale are
needed in order to explore and exploit size dependent phenomena with the aim of developing innovative
materials, products, devices and processes or enhance quality control systems. The research projects should
focus on the development of instrumentation and methods for measurement, analysis and operations at the
nanoscale to characterize nano-features with improved resolution and/or increased sensitivity, based on novel
approaches or novel combinations of approaches. This is a particular challenge when the feature sizes approach
the 10 nm range or beyond. The equipment developed should be capable of working accurately, reliably and
reproducibly and it is intended to meet the performance and cost requirements at research laboratory level.
Accordingly, the proposed projects should aim at developing tools, namely instruments and/or methods and/or
their combination, including novel software both for measurement and analysis, and data handling – as
appropriate. The projects should represent a clear step ahead of the state-of-the-art. Significant technical
applications are on-line and off-line characterisation and operations at nanoscale e.g. characterisation and
quantification of measure of novel functionalities and performance, handling and treatment of samples or
positioning at atomic level.
Funding scheme: SME targeted projects
Specific features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted fields. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the

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targeted SME dominated industrial communities. Additional activities other than research could be included as
appropriate, such as metrology, pre- and co-normative activities like the development of (certified) reference
materials, safety issues, specific education modules or the analysis of existing and required regulations.
Expected impact: (i) New or improved equipment; (ii) support to the development of new nanotechnology-
based products and industrial processes, to their tailoring of properties and reliability.


NMP-2007-1.2-3          Analysis of the ethical, regulatory, social and economic environment of
                        nanomedicine
Technical content / scope: Nanotechnology will have a large impact on medicine and will add a new
dimension to many ethical, regulatory, social and economic issues in this area. This support action should make
a survey of existing relevant documents in the field, analyse the implications above looking at mid to long-term
impacts of nanomedicine and foresee scenarios on the possible consequences for the citizens, society,
economics and social structures, including costs of future health care (foresight). A “round table” involving
scientists, experts on ethical, regulatory, social and economic issues, patient groups, regulatory agencies, health
insurance, policy makers and company representatives should be established based upon existing activities.
With a view of contributing to future strategic decisions responsive to the needs of all stakeholders, the round
table will help to define the requirements of the patient and society as well as the regulatory, social and targeted
communication frameworks, which will be an important requirement for successfully introducing new
nanomedical innovations to the market. Conclusions should be drawn and recommendations should be issued.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities.
Specific features: Maximum duration: 12 months. Gender issues should be considered.
Expected impact: (i) Support to stakeholders’ decision making concerning nanomedicine: public authorities,
industry, researchers and citizens; (ii) support to good governance in nanotechnology; (iii) support to the safe,
integrated and responsible approach as laid down in "Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies: An action plan for
Europe".

NMP-2007-1.2-4        Coordination in nanometrology
Technical content/scope: Nanosciences and nanotechnologies are rapidly growing on the one hand due to their
great potential in terms of developing new products and processes, and on the other hand due to the continuous
development of analytical and manipulation equipment that make operating at the nano-scale possible.
However, challenges are also great, in particular since many researchers and industries are involved, and
precision, accuracy, repeatability and reproducibility of measurement, analysis and methods are not yet reliably
consolidated. A Europe-wide effort is therefore required bringing together interested leading centres. This will
allow precious synergy to be achieved in Europe and valuable output for the scientific and industrial
communities. This coordination action should address the identification and co-ordination of top-class activities
carried out in Europe in the field on nanometrology and particularly for the (i) characterisation of reactions,
materials, mechanisms, structures and systems at the nano-level, and (ii) performance assessment and
improvement of methodology, operational praxis and use of equipment. Aspects focusing on measuring health,
safety and environmental impact of nanotechnology do not need to be specifically considered within this
coordination action. Further issues such as nomenclature, specific metrology, harmonisation work and pre-
normative research for potential standards, (certified) reference materials, intellectual property rights should be
addressed, as well as dedicated education and training, and the service to industry and particularly to SMEs.
This action should take into account relevant existing and ongoing activities, and be complementary to them.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at coordinating research activities.
Specific features: Collaboration with CEN TC 352 is encouraged and appropriate exchange of information at
international level may also be considered.


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Expected impact: (i) Capacity building in Europe in nanometrology; (ii) improved reliability of measurement
and analysis at the nano-level; (iii) support to the development of new nanotechnology-based products and
industrial processes, to their reliability, safety and future commercialisation on the global market; (iv) support
to research and regulation; (v) sustainable development; (vi) implementation of the European Commission’s
Action Plan for Nanotechnology; (vii) elements relevant to establishing the creation of one (or more) leading
pole(s) of excellence that will be able to support industrial activities, in particular benefiting high-tech SMEs.


NMP-2007-1.2-5         Examining capacity building in nanobiotechnology
Technical content/scope: The field of nanobiotechnology is an extremely rapidly growing research area.
Challenges are big, in particular since nanobiotechnology greatly benefits from an interdisciplinary
("converging") approach, including (i) various scientific and technical disciplines, (ii) entrepreneurship for
transforming new knowledge into value-added technologies (often with the creation of new SMEs), and (iii)
societal, ethical and regulatory considerations in order to correctly cope with European people's expectations
and concerns. Ancillary aspects can also play a critical role to achieve or fail to achieve success at European
level, such as nomenclature, specific metrology, harmonisation work for potential standards, (certified)
reference materials, intellectual property rights as well as dedicated education and training, and the service to
industry and particularly to high-tech SMEs. Therefore, the involvement of actors with expertise in many
aspects is needed in order to develop nanobiotechnology successfully and timely, and this requires a Europe-
wide effort. The support action should explore the definition, establishment and further development of a
European scale infrastructure on nanobiotechnology, and the establishment of a realistic roadmap. It will also
address the identification of top-class activities carried out in Europe, assessing their positioning with respect to
the international scene.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities.
Specific features: Maximum duration: 12 months.
Expected impact: (i) Capacity building in Europe in nanobiotechnology; (ii) support for the development of
new nanobiotechnology-based products and industrial processes, for their reliability, safety and future
commercialisation on the global market; (iii) implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for
Nanotechnology; (iv) elements relevant to establishing the creation of one (or more) leading pole(s) of
excellence that will be able to support industrial activities, in particular benefiting high-tech SMEs.



4.1.3          Health, Safety and Environmental Impacts

The main objective is to support the scientific assessment of the potential health, safety and environmental risks
associated with nanotechnology-based materials and products at the earliest possible stage. This involves the
generation of quantitative data on toxicology and ecotoxicology and methodologies for generating data. Test
methods, exposure assessment and risk assessment methods may need to be developed or modified to be
applicable to nanomaterials, as well as methodologies for life cycle analysis. In addition, analytical methods
might not be fully suitable and therefore also the development of suitable devices and instruments for
measurement are addressed. Research activities will thus contribute to close the knowledge gap, providing the
basis for meeting regulatory requirements and, if need be, developing new requirements, conducive to a safe,
responsible and sustainable development.


NMP-2007-1.3-1           Specific, easy-to-use portable devices for measurement and analysis
Technical content / scope: Risk assessment is based on appropriate characterisation of materials, hazard and
monitoring and assessment of exposure. At present, there are few relevant studies on exposure to engineered
nanoparticles, but it is believed that the greatest potential for human exposure over the next few years will be in

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the workplace. Gathering relevant and objective data on real exposure by allowing for background distinction at
the workplace for industrial processes (e.g. production of nanoparticles, particularly when present in aerosols)
represents a challenge and needs the development of appropriate personal measurement systems. The objective
of the expected collaborative projects would be to develop and validate affordable, portable, adequate sampling
and measurement equipments for monitoring working environments (i.e. quantification and characterisation of
airborne nanoparticles in particular). These devices and methodologies for routine and non-routine exposure
measurements should show an adequate degree of specificity, accuracy, user-friendliness and moderate
production costs and produce data suitable for their use in exposure modelling systems.
Funding scheme: Large scale integrating projects
Specific features: Additional activities other than research should be included as appropriate, such as safety
issues, specific education modules or the analysis of existing and required regulations. In line with the
objectives of this topic, adequate industrial and SME participation is recommended.
Expected impact: (i) Safety of new nano-materials and -systems, and of nanotechnology-based products and
services; (ii) safe and cost-effective minimisation of the exposure of workers when manufacturing nano-scale
entities; (iii) sustainable and responsible development; (iv) support to research and regulation; (v)
implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for Nanotechnology.


NMP-2007-1.3-2          Risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles on health and the environment
Technical content / scope: The understanding of the safety, environmental and human health implications of
nanotechnology-based materials and products is important worldwide. Reinforced cooperation has been
initiated on this matter with the USA and in particular between the European Commission and the USA
Environmental Protection Agency. It is advantageous to share and harmonize the research effort to increase
efficiency and prevent any duplication of effort, also since it addresses pre-competitive questions. This research
will create a reliable and sound foundation for the assessment of the safety of nanotechnology-based products
and encourage nanotechnological advances that can address the needs of citizens and contribute to sustainable
development objectives. Projects under this call should be related to engineered nanoparticles and should
address one or more topics in the following areas: hazard characterisation, exposure, toxicology, main
endpoints of and health effects of engineered nanoparticles; testing; monitoring/detection of engineered
nanoparticles in the various environments (excluding the development of equipment); environmental and
biological fate, transport, and transformation of nanoparticles. The interdisciplinary research should contribute
to better understanding of toxicokinetics, cellular and molecular mechanisms, behaviour and fate, bio-
persistence, biokinetics, to understand fundamentally the exposure, behaviour, mechanisms, consequences and
potential effects to various endpoints of nanoparticle-biological entities interactions.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: Cooperation with the USA research teams is strongly recommended, possibly through
balanced participation EU-USA in each project. EU funding for US participants is not foreseen within the
present call. Gender issues should be considered, where appropriate.
Expected impact: (i) Better in vitro or in vivo methodologies for the regulatory demands for the safety
assessment of nanotechnology products, (ii) better understanding of the impact of the nanoparticles on health,
safety and the environment; (iii) future definition of appropriate measures, where needed; (iv) safe and cost-
effective minimisation of the exposure of workers; (iv) sustainable and responsible development; (v) support to
research and regulation; (vi) implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for Nanotechnology;
(vii) reinforcement of the international dimension of European research within the 7th Framework Programme.


NMP-2007-1.3-3        Scientific review of the data and studies on the potential impact of engineered nano-
                      particles on health, safety and the environment


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Technical content / scope: Data on environment, safety and health effects of engineered nanoparticles need to
be periodically reviewed in order to exploit the results and duly orient future research and risk management
actions. In particular, a focus on nanomaterials that are likely to be produced and used in higher quantities is
needed. Specific attention should be paid to carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic (CMR) properties, as well as
problematic properties for the environment (like persistence or bioaccumulation). The support action(s) should
collect and assess published scientific and technical data, perform a critical review to provide a state-of-the-art
overview of current knowledge, produce detailed report(s) on the toxicological profiles and identify remaining
uncertainties. Dynamic processes could also be considered e.g. agglomeration or de-agglomeration and other
unintended reactions or interactions with surrounding media. The nanoparticles addressed with the present call
are: (i) fullerene and derivates, (ii) nanotubes and derivates, (iii) metals and (iv) oxides. Conclusions should be
drawn and recommendations should be issued, for research or for other initiatives.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities.
Specific features: Maximum duration: 12 months. Consortia are encouraged to be multidisciplinary, including
expertise in areas of toxicology and eco-toxicology. Gender issues should be considered, where appropriate.
Expected impact: (i) Better understanding of the impact of nanoparticles on health and the environment, and
definition of future actions; (ii) sustainable and responsible development.; (iii) support to research and (iv)
support to regulatory measures and implementation of legislation.

NMP-2007-1.3-4          Creation of a critical and commented database on the health, safety and
                        environmental impact of nanoparticles
Technical content / scope: A free access database (including tools) established at European level is needed to
allow a comprehensive analysis of published data. This support action aims at creating a database on
environment and health effect, which should include physicochemical characterization and properties of
nanomaterials, explosion risks, hazard information like acute and chronic toxicity, toxicokinetics, ecotoxicity,
bioaccumulation, exposure information throughout the life cycle of nanomaterials, environmental fate of
nanoparticles, results from in vitro studies (such as cell and tissue penetration, potential circulatory effects,
mutagenicity and genotoxicity, where the case), in vivo studies and occupational epidemiological studies. The
database should be useful to identify potential risks with nanomaterials for workers, consumers or public at
large. It should contain structured information from research papers and provide tools for text mining,. The
database could serve the needs of users with different profiles (general public, scientific community, regulators)
and also contain a collection of research papers with their metadata (paper source, authors, date, etc.). The
database should be at European level and allow integration with other European related databases such as those
related to chemicals, food or pharmaceutical and medical products. Moreover, it could also serve as interface
with similar non-EU databases. A balanced “governing board” encompassing representatives of all main EU
stakeholders should be established. Activities should take into account existing and ongoing EU projects of a
similar nature, and be complementary to them or based upon them. Access to the database and consolidated
information of the results of the analyses, updates and methodology should be provided appropriately.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at supporting research activities. Only one database
and support action will be funded.
Specific features: Main elements should be created within 12 months and the database should be made
available. It should be regularly updated within a total indicative duration for this action of 4 years. Activities
should take into account existing and ongoing relevant initiatives involving the creation of databases. Gender
issues should be considered, where appropriate.
Expected impact: (i) Better understanding of the impact of nanoparticles on health and the environment, and
definition of future actions; (ii) safe and responsible development and use of nanotechnology; (iii) support to
research and regulation; (iv) support to regulatory measures and implementation of legislation; (v)
implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for Nanotechnology; (vi) support to good
governance in nanotechnology.


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NMP-2007-1.3-5          Coordination in studying the environmental, safety and health impact of
                        engineered nanoparticles and nanotechnology based materials and products
Technical content / scope: Knowledge regarding the toxicological and ecotoxicological profile of
nanomaterials as well exposure data should be integrated to the rapid development of the technology and
sufficient data should be available for a proper risk assessment. Existing standard test methods have been
developed under current regulatory regimes for traditional chemicals and may need adjustment to be applied to
nanomaterials. An effort is therefore needed to develop adequate methodologies, taking advantage of the latest
scientific and technical evidence across all relevant disciplines. Collaboration among research groups and
coordination of research efforts will increase efficiency, which may more rapidly lead to adoption of
standardised and validated methods essential for regulatory activities. The expected coordination action should
address amongst others but not exclusively, the following activities:
     Coordination in establishing and performing test strategies and methods for toxicity and ecotoxicity
        with a view to develop efficient test systems and tiered testing approaches for nanomaterials;
     Coordination in studying possibilities to develop quick screening methods for (eco)toxicity, in vitro
        models and predictive models for (eco)toxicity for nanomaterials, in particular focussing on properties
        like carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, reprotoxicity, bioaccumulation and persistence;
     Coordination in approaching risk assessment tools for nanotechnology-enabled products, including
        modelling, exposure scenario development and life-cycle analysis;
     Coordination in developing risk assessment methodology for assessing environmental and health effects
        of nanomaterials and for performing impact assessments.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at coordinating research activities.
Specific features: None
Expected impact: (i) Synergy, increased efficiency and effectiveness in the European research activities in this
field; (ii) better understanding of the impact of nanoparticles on health and the environment, and definition of
actions; (iii) safe and responsible development and industrial use of nanotechnology; (iv) support to regulatory
measures and implementation of legislation (v) support to industrial decision making, to EU research and to
other EU policies; (vi) implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan for Nanotechnology; (vii)
creation of one (or more) leading pole(s) of excellence that will be able to support industrial activities, in
particular benefiting high-technology SMEs.




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II.2   Activity 4.2          Materials

Added value materials with higher knowledge content, new functionalities and improved performance are
increasingly critical for industrial competitiveness and sustainable development. According to the new models
of the manufacturing industry, it is the materials themselves which are becoming the first step in increasing the
value of products and their performance, rather than the production steps.
Research will focus on developing new knowledge-based multifunctional surfaces and materials with tailored
properties and predictable performance, for new products and processes targeting a wide range of applications.
This requires the control of intrinsic properties, processing and production, taking into account potential
impacts on health, safety and the environment throughout their entire life-cycle.
Emphasis will continue to be placed on new advanced materials and systems obtained using the potential of
nanotechnologies and biotechnologies and/or “learning from nature”, in particular higher performance nano-
materials (e.g. nanocomposites), bio-materials, artificial materials with electromagnetic properties not found in
nature, and hybrid materials, including design and control of their processing, properties and performance. A
multidisciplinary approach will be fostered, involving chemistry, physics, engineering sciences, theoretical and
computational modelling and increasingly the biological sciences.
Materials characterisation, design methods and simulation techniques are also essential to better understand
materials phenomena, in particular the structure–property relationships at different scales, to improve materials
assessment and reliability including resistance to aging, and to extend the concept of virtual materials for
materials design. The integration of nano-molecular-macro levels in chemical and materials technologies will
be supported for developing new concepts and processes such as in catalysis, and in process intensification and
optimisation. Issues related to process development and scaling-up and industrialisation of high added value
materials will also be addressed, as these are essential in many sectors of European industry.
Materials are key for today's technological advances and therefore their applications are highly relevant to all
the other FP7 Themes. Theme NMP mainly focuses on advanced materials design, development and
processing, while other Themes are more concerned with research related to the use of materials in their
respective fields of application.



4.2.1 Mastering nano-scale complexity in materials

The frontiers of materials research have been taken to the next level by the availability of technologies allowing
the tailoring of material structure at the nanoscale and by the development of material systems made up of
components with nanoscale dimensions. Materials based upon these concepts began to emerge with the study of
low dimensional structures such as thin-films and interfaces and now encompass a wide range of material
research areas, from nanostructured particles to nanostructured composites, coatings and membranes. The key
objective is to tailor, at the nanoscale, novel material systems with radically new or enhanced properties and
performance based upon our improved understanding of materials nanostructure.

NMP-2007-2.1-1        Nanostructured polymer-matrix composites
Technical content / scope: Nanostructured composite materials are emerging as an area with great promise, in
particular in the case of polymeric matrices having, for example, nanostructured clays and ceramics as fillers.
These polymer nanocomposites exhibiting radically enhanced properties require a lower filler loading than
composites using traditional fillers, resulting in markedly improved performance at a lower density. Major areas
where research is required are the chemical interaction of nanofillers with the polymer host as well as the
composite processing with uniform dispersion (e. g. in exfoliation) and the thermal stability of polymer
nanocomposites using, for instance, layered silicates and carbon nanotubes or nanofibres as nanoinclusions.
Approaches are expected to consider the combinations of matrices and potential reinforcing nanoelements with

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different chemistry, size, shape and properties, as well as the processing techniques, in order to obtain radically
enhanced mechanical and physical performance, based on a thorough understanding of the fundamental
mechanisms. Attention should also be paid to the life cycle analysis, to the safety issues related to the use of
nanofillers, and to the cost effectiveness of the nanostructured composite materials in comparison to the
materials currently used.
Funding scheme: Large scale integrating projects.
Special features: Industrial leadership is expected. This research area is particularly well suited for cooperation
with Third Countries (e.g. United States, Russia, China, India).
Expected impact: Nanostructured composites have the potential for enhanced product characteristics, such as
improved thermal stability and fire retardancy, biocompatibility, increased mechanical strength and improved
barrier properties for many industrial areas, including the biomedical, optoelectronics, construction, maritime
and automotive sectors, where improved performance at a reduced cost and weight are important.


NMP-2007-2.1-2        Nanostructured coatings and thin films
Technical content/scope: The advent of nanotechnology has enabled tailoring the structure of coatings and
films at the nanoscale, subsequently producing a radical enhancement of their performance. Research is
required for the development of nanoreinforced ceramic and metallic coatings and their processing technologies
in order to produce major improvements regarding high strength, high ductility, adhesion or excellent impact
resistance. The projects should consider the development of novel nanostructured coatings and thin films with
markedly enhanced properties such as high hardness, chemical inertness (e.g. oxidation, corrosion), UV
resistance, bioresistance and improved wear behaviour, as well as the study of novel structures, surface
modification, multilayers, and a new generation of solid lubricants and tribological materials. Electronics and
photonics applications are not included. The proposals should deal with safety and life-cycle issues and include
an evaluation of the cost effectiveness of the nanostructured materials.
Funding scheme : Small or medium scale focused collaborative projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required.
Expected impact: Nanostructured coatings and thin films are crucial for a variety of industrial uses, such as
improved tribological materials for the mechanical industry in e.g. engine parts and drilling tools, and for new
multifunctional films with wide applicability.


NMP-2007-2.1-3        Characterisation of nanostructured materials
Technical content/scope: The field of nanostructured materials has witnessed quite remarkable progress in
recent years, with many different types of nanomaterials being synthesized for potentially wide industrial
applications. Advanced characterisation methods to determine their structure and properties are essential for the
development and processing of these nanostructured materials. Moreover, many new characterisation
techniques are not well known or are unaffordable for SMEs active in nanomaterial production. European-wide
efforts are needed to compile the characterisation techniques that are in use or should be developed to support
further nanomaterial development, in particular, the design of intrinsically safe nanomaterials. The coordination
actions should focus on the identification and co-ordination at European level of dissemination and
development actions to allow researchers and nanomaterial producers, in particular SMEs, to be well aware of
the state-of-the-art in characterisation tools for nanostructured materials. Harmonisation work for potential
standards in the field of characterisation of nanostructured materials should also be considered.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions aiming at coordinating research activities.
Special features: None
Expected impact: Dissemination of novel techniques and preparation of standards in the field of nanomaterials
characterisation. For example, it is very common for nanoparticles to be characterised only in terms of particle
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size (SEM) and reactivity (specific surface) with no consideration of the structure-properties relationship at the
relevant length scale. This is even more pronounced if nanocomposites, hybrid systems and interface behaviour
are considered. Increased take up of nanomaterial characterisation methods beyond using just particle size and
reactivity would be expected in particular for SMEs. Development of, or preparatory work for, new standards in
the field of characterisation of nanostructured materials.



4.2.2 Knowledge-based smart materials with tailored properties

Smart materials, which provide a wide spectrum of enhanced functionalities and have the potential to replace
whole devices, are having an enormous impact in today’s modern world. Advances in smart materials have
already started to find their way into industrial applications, but there are still immense possibilities to achieve
improved functionality by further tailoring the material properties in many areas, from shape memory alloys
and electroactive polymers to photochromic materials and tunable dielectrics. The main objective is to design
novel knowledge-based smart materials with tailored properties, releasing their potential for enhanced and
innovative applications.

NMP-2007-2.2-1        Organic materials for electronics and photonics
Technical content/scope: Organic materials are starting to release their huge potential in the electronics and
photonics industry. New developments in polymer based electronics and photonics (e.g. flexible display
technology and lighting), and related photovoltaic innovations, rely to a large extent on new organic materials
development. Research should focus on enhancing the materials performance and, in particular, on enabling
further progress on low cost processing and large area challenges. Projects should aim at the development of
nanostructured organic multifunctional materials with tailored electronic, optical and sensing properties, to be
used in applications such as flexible organic devices for electronic labels, electronic paper, optoelectronic
devices, light emitting diodes, solar cells, displays and stimuli-responsive materials (sensors and actuators). In
particular, controlling the structure of materials at the nanometer scale is important to increase carrier mobility,
spectral (emission and absorption) tuning, interface matching, life-time improvement and reliability. Material
processing technologies warranting attention include patterning, multilayering, self-assembly, molecular
separation and recognition, vapour growth techniques, selective laser treatment, and deposition at surfaces and
interfaces leading to low cost and low temperature solutions (e.g. soft-lithography, dip-pen lithography, self-
assembled monolayers and molecular imprinting).
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Special features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
Expected Impacts: Competitiveness of the electronics and photonics industry, for example utilising the
potential of roll-to-roll technologies for processing large areas. The development of cost effective organic
electronic and photonic devices competitive in performance to alternative technologies is expected.
Developments in photovoltaics for energy applications would also bring, for instance, an increase in efficiency
and improvement in stability, e.g. by controlling self-thermal degradation.


NMP-2007-2.2-2        Nanostructured materials with tailored magnetic properties
Technical content/scope: Magneto-opto-electronics is an emerging field with radically new technologies that
exploit the electron charge as well as the magnetism of its spin for the realisation of novel devices.
Understanding magnetic phenomena in the nanoregime and their coupling to optical and electronic
phenomena is still in its infancy, but presents a huge potential for the information society. Research should
deliver solutions beyond the current state-of-the-art in technology areas such as spintronics, magnetic data
storage/processing, photonics and sensors for medical applications. The nanostructured materials targeted

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include molecular nanomagnets, magnetic nanoparticles, complex geometries like core-shell structures,
engineered highly polarized spin sources, systems where the manipulation of magnetization is carried out by
electric fields, current, or light, magnetoresistive or magnetostrictive materials and diluted magnetic
semiconductors.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required.
Expected impacts: Relevance in technological fields like magnetic data storage and processing, scanners,
spintronics, photonics, sensors for medical and other applications.

NMP-2007-2.2-3         Advanced material architectures for energy conversion
Technical content/scope: The development of new energy converters (solar, thermo-electrical,
electrochemical) involves increasingly complex material architectures in order to control, in particular, the
specific surface area, porosity, reactivity, cyclability and durability of such devices. Research should aim at
radically new materials and synthesis approaches based upon the control of complex architectures, e. g. made
with quantum dots, nanocomposites, thin-films, mesoporous 3-D architectures, carbon and inorganic nanotubes,
aerogels and ionogels. The materials developed should provide improved efficiency and competitive
cost/efficiency ratios for example in applications for supercapacitors, stacks, solar cells and high performance
batteries.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required.
Expected impact: The complex architectures developed should have the potential to be integrated into
functional devices (e.g. stacks, super-capacitors, solar-cells and batteries).



4.2.3 Novel biomaterials and bioinspired materials

Biomaterials are nowadays essential for improving human health and quality of life. Originally foreseen with an
aim to minimise rejection by the host organism, they have now entered a new stage in which they can be
designed with bioactive properties, exchanging stimuli with the surrounding tissue and inducing specific
cellular reactions. Bioinspired materials, on the other hand, take advantage of the knowledge that nature has
been optimising over millions of years. Man-made material solutions can now take inspiration from the most
complex naturally-organised chemical and biological structures (e.g. from the nanoworld of proteins to
macroscopic structures of bone, shell and enamel). The main objective should be to achieve radical innovations
in state-of-the-art biomaterials and to design highly performing bioinspired materials learning from natural
processes.

NMP-2007-2.3-1           Highly porous bioactive scaffolds controlling angiogenesis for tissue engineering
Technical content/scope: In recent years biomaterials based on porous scaffolds have proved to be effective
for bone and cartilage regeneration, showing that they are very promising for medical applications, in particular
in the treatment of spinal disorders. However, existing biomaterials are not able to control cell differentiation
and to achieve angiogenesis and cannot be adequately injected into the body. Therefore, there is the need to
design highly porous but structurally sound bioresorbable tissue-engineered scaffolds able to be functionalized
and to have direct influence on cells behaviour. Bioactive scaffolds are also required for the engineering of
other complex tissues (e.g. nervous, ocular, visceral, nephrological-urological, vascular). The focus should be
on advanced bioactive scaffolds enabling internal growth of tissue and the site specific delivery of bioactive
signalling factors (temperature, pH, concentration, internal stimuli, etc). The approaches are expected to include

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issues such as delivery devices (e.g. injection), remodelling of large bone defects and improved tissue-
biomaterial interfaces .
Funding scheme: Large scale integrating projects.
Special features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
Expected impact: Medical applications (bones, joints, blood vessels etc.) improving health and quality of life,
using biomaterials which are able to control cell differentiation and can be successfully injected into the body.
Competitiveness of the European biomaterials industry.



4.2.4 Advances in chemical technologies and materials processing

Discoveries of new materials with tailored properties and advances in their processing are the rate-limiting
steps in product development in many industrial sectors. Tomorrow’s technology is in fact imposing
increasingly stringent requirements on chemical technologies and materials processing. Materials chemistry has
the potential to continue making substantial contributions to many fields, including modern plastics, paints,
textiles and electronic materials, through the understanding of fundamental chemical interactions and processes.
The key objective is to radically improve materials by increasing knowledge in materials chemistry and
chemical processes, in particular at the nanoscale, e.g. in areas such as nanostructured catalysts and inorganic-
organic hybrid systems, and to make progress in the field of environmentally friendly, flexible and efficient
materials processing.

NMP-2007-2.4-1        Flexible efficient processing for polymers
Technical content/scope: Increasing energy and raw material costs are changing the worldwide market for
polymeric materials and for plastic processing. Alternatives to current plastic processing, e.g. involving natural
feed stocks, are expected to become increasingly competitive. Flexible polymer processing using energy
efficient curing methods (e.g. microwaves) and a diversity of raw materials are essential for radical innovation
in the sector. New processing methods for speciality polymers which are radically more cost efficient because
of resource savings are also required. The projects should focus on finding flexible and energy-efficient
processing approaches with a smart use of materials (saving resources and tailored to the application) in an
environmentally friendly manner. Research is needed on highly energy efficient processes (e.g. integrating
treatment, compounding, cleansing and processing, precise microprocessing with lasers) and use of alternative
energy sources for plastics processing and polymeric materials (e.g. UV, microwave, optical microprocessing).
Polymer nanocomposite processing is excluded.
Funding scheme: SME-targeted projects.
Special features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted fields. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the
targeted SME dominated industrial communities.
Expected impacts: In today’s global market, polymer processing in Europe needs to be highly efficient and
flexible to keep up with competition from other parts of the world and the pressures on supply of energy and
raw material resources. New polymer processing methods, e.g. using natural feed stocks and renewable
resources, are expected to be developed that are cost effective and require a smaller amount of resources.



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NMP-2007-2.4-2         Nanostructured catalysts with tailor-made functional surfaces
Technical content/scope: Innovative sustainable chemical processes having higher energy efficiency and
ideally 100% selectivity, require the development of a new generation of catalytic materials with tailored
functionality at the surface. Interdisciplinary efforts including from advanced characterisation and modelling to
reactivity and kinetics, are expected to enable the mastering of highly complex catalytic processes on the basis
of a controlled sequence of surface reactions and of active sites. Structuring the catalyst in terms of nano-
reactors and hierarchically organised nano-structures will allow control of the multiscale factors determining
reactivity and exploring new functional properties. The focus should be on long term highly innovative research
combining these aspects and able to integrate homo-, bio- and heterogeneous catalytic concepts to realise novel
catalytic materials.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required.
Expected impact: Achieving zero-waste emissions, selective and highly efficient chemical reactions, new bio-
mimicking catalytic transformations, new clean energy sources, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and
improving water and air quality are some of the challenges for the future. Overcoming these challenges will be
of crucial importance for the environment, social and economic development and the future industrial
competitiveness in Europe as more than 80 % of the processes in the chemical industry depend on catalytic
technologies. The development of innovative sustainable chemical processes having higher energy efficiency
and close to 100% selectivity is expected.


NMP-2007-2.4-3         Renewable materials for functional packaging applications
Technical content / scope: Innovative renewable materials (e. g. wood or vegetable based) and their
ecoefficient processing are required to provide novel entirely-renewable functional packaging solutions for a
global market. Important drivers for innovation using life-cycle approaches in these renewable packaging
materials are cost reduction, improved functionality, higher flexibility and prolonged shelf life of packaged
consumer goods like seafood by improved barrier (e.g. active, antimicrobial, permselective, intelligent
adaptive) performance. Smart features such as displays or sensors can be incorporated into packaging materials
using ink and printing technologies that allow for low production costs. The focus should be on the design and
processing of innovative, renewable packaging materials as well as on the interactions between different types
of renewable materials, e.g. in multilayer packaging, using the latest developments in nanotechnology. Special
emphasis should be put on material performance (e.g. functionality, surface strength, moldability, chemical and
microbiological safety, biodegradability, hydrostability, moisture resistance and microbiological immunity).
Materials processing should display low emissions, reduce the use of chemicals, but enhance the use of “green”
biotechnological alternatives in the manufacture and treatment of packaging materials and printing inks.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required.
Expected impact(s): From product storage and distribution to waste disposal and environmental degradation of
packaging materials. Packaging is a high volume business close to the consumer where demands for a
sustainable transformation will continue to increase. A contribution towards the overall target of reducing
greenhouse gases and the dependency on petroleum resources is expected.



4.2.5          Using engineering to develop high performance knowledge-based materials

The design of knowledge-based materials relying upon an accurate control of their properties can take
advantage of highly performing modern engineering methods and powerful computer-based tools. The shift

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towards a higher knowledge-intensive industry demands radical innovation in materials for enhanced
performance under increasingly challenging application conditions. Engineering tools, associated with
modelling and simulation approaches often based on multi-scale methods, can help include the microscopic
structure and properties into materials design, in order to construct more reliable high performance materials,
based on an accurate prediction of their in-service behaviour and life-cycle analysis. The key objective is to use
advanced engineering in order to design new material systems for specific highly-demanding applications,
incorporating microstructural information with a view to enhancing performance.

NMP-2007-2.5-1        Novel materials tailored for extreme conditions and environments
Technical content/scope: Materials especially tailored for extreme conditions and environments, which are
resistant to very high or very low temperatures, radiation, high pressures, high electromagnetic fields, damaging
chemical reactions such as corrosive or oxidizing environments, biodegradation, or several of these conditions
at the same time, are becoming increasingly important in a variety of industrial fields. Research should focus on
radical innovations in the properties and processing of bulk or surface treated materials designed for extreme
environments, based on an enhanced understanding of materials degradation. Composite materials, metallic
materials, and engineering ceramics need further development, but also new alternatives are sought for wide
industrial applications (e.g. turbines, engines, aerospace and maritime applications, machinery, sensors and the
chemical industry).
Funding scheme: Large scale integrating projects.
Special features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
Expected impact - Novel materials for extreme environments can offer increased durability of surfaces and
products (e.g. in energy production, chemical or petrochemical industry and aerospace applications),
contributing to a decrease in the risk of industrial hazards and an increase in safety. Step changes in the
understanding of materials degradation mechanisms in extreme environments are expected.

NMP-2007-2.5-2        Modelling of microstructural evolution under work conditions and in materials
                      processing
Technical content/scope: Modelling of material performance has nowadays become a very powerful tool,
complementing experimental research. The simulation of the microstructural evolution of materials properties
and phenomena that determine the macroscopic material response under working conditions and during
materials synthesis and processing (e.g. in hot deformation, mixing, injection moulding, filament processing,
laser processing, near to shape production) can enable the achievement of major improvements in materials
design and life cycle assessment. Modelling approaches are expected to build on the link between
microstructural evolution and specific macroscopic material properties and take advantage of the new multi-
scale approaches. Essential reduction of costs and energy consumption for new materials development and
industrial processing is expected. The experimental validation of the modelling approaches is also expected to
be part of the projects.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects.
Special features: Industrial participation is required. This research area is particularly well suited for
cooperation with Third Countries (e.g. United States, Russia, China, India).
Expected impact: Increase of the competitiveness of European industry, by developing validated predictive
models aimed at reducing the efforts required for the development of new materials, including newly emerging
nanostructured materials, for flexible production of knowledge-based products.




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II.3   Activity 4.3          New production

A new approach to manufacturing is required for the transformation of EU industry from a resource intensive to
a sustainable knowledge-based industrial environment and will depend on the adoption of totally new attitudes
towards the continued acquisition, deployment, protection and funding of new knowledge and its use, including
towards sustainable production and consumption patterns. This entails creating the appropriate conditions for
continuous innovation (in industrial activities and production systems, including design, construction, devices,
and services) and for developing generic production “assets” (technologies, organisation and production
facilities as well as human resources, while also meeting overall industrial safety and environmental
requirements. These production assets will come together in “Factories made in Europe” with European
standards.
The research will focus on a number of strands: the development and validation of new industrial models and
strategies covering all aspects of product and process life-cycle; adaptive production systems that overcome
existing process limitations and enable new manufacturing and processing methods; networked production to
develop tools and methods for co-operative and value-added operations at a global scale; tools for the rapid
transfer and integration of new technologies into the design and operation of manufacturing processes; and the
exploitation of the convergence of the nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies to develop new products
and engineering concepts and the possibility of new industries.
Particular attention should be paid to promoting activities which support the adaptation and integration of
SMEs to the new needs of the supply chain as well as to giving an impulse to the creation of high tech SMEs.



4.3.1          Development and validation of new industrial models and strategies
The key objective is the development of concepts for “knowledge-based factories as products”, which are
capable of adapting themselves continuously to the requirements and tasks of changing market requirements or
changing product- and production technologies. This involves the development and validation of new
manufacturing and business models covering all aspects of product and process life-cycle, including but not
limited to a full risk assessment at each critical stage of the life cycle, enhancing the European industries
opportunities to compete and grow in the global market place. The research also focuses on the integration of
reconfigurable technical systems and processes with factory level systems; integration of technical intelligence
from sensors and actuators; and efficient systems networks based on standards. The scope includes discrete
manufacturing and process industries, as well as construction and its associated industries.

NMP-2007-3.1-1         Beyond Lean Manufacturing – New Industrial Models for Product and Process Life
                       Cycle
Technical content / scope: The main objective is to develop a new European production model, which takes
the Lean Manufacturing paradigm further by incorporating the relevant parts from the European manufacturing
culture (including sustainability objectives), standards and technology. This production model should apply
human resources and technological factors for optimal leanness and agility (as the demand for customised
products is increasing) and to maximise value creation throughout the product life cycle. Among key
development issues are: tool and methodological support for a production model which balances reactivity and
efficiency; solutions supporting continuous adaptation which integrate the systems and processes of suppliers
and customers (based on European “standards” and open architectures); tools for dynamic systems and process
modelling providing improved synchronisation between reality and model; tools for highly responsive
manufacturing systems design, delivering systems with optimum complexity. Deliverables will take the form of
pilot implementations, demonstrating the new model and the developed tools in an industrial setting,
formulating effective strategies for the adoption of new production models and clarifying also potential (non-
technical) barriers. Synergies, coordination and collaboration with the ICT thematic priority and in particular
Objective 3.3.2.3 (Networked Embedded and Control Systems), will be sought, where appropriate.
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Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: The topic is aimed at industrially driven projects with significant demonstration, technology
transfer and training elements. Funded proposals are collectively expected to cover a number of manufacturing
sectors (with distinctive life cycles), such as: automotive, machinery, minerals and white goods sectors,
effectively integrating the key players of the supply chain throughout the product life cycle. Point solutions, or
partial solutions, e.g. proposals focussing on process modelling alone are excluded.
Expected impact: The new production model is expected to allow companies to change their strategic and
product focus quickly in response to market trends and demands and to develop distinct core competencies.
Wide scale application of the new model and tools is expected to increase the added value and productivity
throughout, and in particular in the SME elements of the supply chain, through increased production capability,
capacity and responsiveness, improved manufacturability, quality, usability, reliability and product life-cycle
management as well as decrease in raw materials and energy consumption.


NMP-2007-3.1-2         New added-value user-centered products and product services
Technical content/scope and deliverables: The objective is to improve the long term competitiveness of the
European manufacturing industry by adopting more user driven innovation modes that allow for integration of
customers and users into all phases of the value adding chain. The markets increasingly demand customised
products that fulfil not only one but several criteria for customisation ranging from strict technical functionality
to emotional aspects, to improved quality of life, public health, safety and environmental protection, while
imposing short delivery times. On the other hand, a continuous shift of business is taking place towards product
services, capable of fulfilling specific users’ demands. Customers and users must therefore have flexible means
for participating in the creation phase of product-service systems and these solutions must be seamlessly
integrated with production scheduling, highly advanced manufacturing process technologies, delivery logistics
etc. Companies also need to adopt new organisational solutions and develop specific skills for realising
continuous interaction with customers.
The research should therefore focus on the synergistic integration of the diverse aspects of this production
model, including: customer interface facilitating assisted product and product service creation; data flows and
standards for product data; manufacturing technologies capable for the automated production of products in
small to single piece batches integrating user characteristics needs and desires, delivered just in time. This
includes the integration of the manufacturing of the piece itself as well as its decoration, surface treatments
and/or the addition of functionalities linked to the digital world.
Deliverables will take the form of pilot implementations in an industrial setting, covering consumer products
oriented sectors and demonstrating the feasibility of the concept.
Funding scheme: SME -targeted projects
Specific features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted sectors. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the
targeted SME dominated industrial communities. Proposals only focussing on product-service design issues are
excluded (covered by topic NMP-2007-3.3.-1). The consortia should include all the key players in the product
supply chain (although this is an SME dedicated topic, OEMs falling outside the SME definition are
nevertheless eligible to participate.)
Expected impact: Strategic impacts for the SME manufacturers include: realisation of maximum value at
minimum time through knowledge management; capability to operate flexible and interdisciplinary product
teams as well as testing and validating cooperative and strategic partnership arrangements, creating new
business opportunities; creating total management of customers-based innovation processes. A positive

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contribution to sustainability is also expected as overproduction can be avoided (products manufactured on
demand) and due to longer product lifespan.

NMP-2007-3.1-3         Integrated risk management in industrial systems
Technical content / scope: The value chain based production activities have become more complex with more
interrelations and interdependencies, and with new technologies and materials that introduce new risks in a
changing environment, while at the same time society is becoming more risk averse. The shift to a new safety
paradigm is therefore required. The main target is the development of integrated methodologies for risk
assessment and management addressing complexity (including multi-hazard and natural-technological hazard
situations), multifunctional use of space and increasing population densities with the aim of reducing overall
risk and detrimental impact to society. Approaches should be based on societal cost-benefits to reduce impact
on human health and environment. Integration of new safety concepts related to technical, human (ergonomics),
organisational and cultural aspects and building on-line risk assessment that will continuously monitor the
interactions in the industrial systems during their Life Cycle will lead to a new safety paradigm and radical
health and safety improvement.
Deliverables include integrated approaches and solutions for the total safety of industrial systems and networks
especially of those with serious potential impact in terms of injuries, casualties and economic loss, or in terms
of societal concerns. Cost-efficient technical and organisational solutions for known problems to reduce risks of
hazardous processes or products will be developed, including preventive and protective technologies, user-
adaptive intelligent systems, human-centred design production systems, risk-based methodologies, impact
assessment on the economy, society, the environment and health, systems for data collection, new monitoring
techniques and methods, new training methods and technologies addressing the increasing needs for
competencies, transfer of new knowledge, and life long learning systems of the workers and managers
responsible for safe operations.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: The topic is aimed at projects driven by industry and service-to-industry companies, with
significant demonstration elements. Funded proposals are collectively expected to cover a number of industrial
sectors and involve main stakeholders. Projects are expected to create a leverage effect through successful
technology demonstration, technology transfer, underpinning standardisation and training activities.
International collaboration, in particular within the IMS scheme, is encouraged.
Expected impact: New models for industrial systems that take into account interdependencies during the
design and operation phases will be transformed in safety technologies, standards and services that will
generate a new lead market for Europe. Wide adoption of the new health and safety paradigm based on
integrated approaches and solutions will bring by 2020 significant progress towards accident-free networked
production through structured, self-sustainable, self-organising, knowledge-based and self-regulated safety
programmes in all industrial sectors impacting social sustainability6. The adoption of this new safety paradigm
will improve industry competitiveness as well as transforming Europe towards a more risk informed and
innovation accepting society.




6
 Research efforts will be underpinning EU policies on industrial safety, mainly the Health and Safety at Work directive (89/391/EEC
12/6/1989) and the HSW action plan (COM(2002) 118 final), the Major Accidents Seveso II directive (96/82/EEC 9/12/1996), the
Explosive Atmospheres ATEX directive (99/92/EC), and the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control IPPC directive( 96/61/EC
24/9/1996).


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4.3.2          Adaptive production systems

The key objective is to develop production systems and elements for knowledge-based factories through
holistic manufacturing engineering concepts. The systems should automatically and continuously adapt
production resources and processes in an optimal way with respect to business and production objectives as
well as market and technical conditions. Adaptive production systems integrate innovative processes, overcome
existing process limitations and handle the transfer of manufacturing know-how into totally new manufacturing
related methods. The research focus is on agility, adaptability and anticipation for flexible, small or even single
batch oriented production; resource efficient, sustainable production processes; integration of affordable
intelligent technologies and process control for optimal production; modular architecture concepts, adaptation
of existing manufacturing equipment and resources and implementation of changes related to radically new
technologies. The scope includes discrete manufacturing and process industries, supporting also the trend
towards miniaturisation, as well as construction. Synergies, coordination and collaboration with the ICT
thematic priority and in particular Objective 3.3.2.3 (Networked Embedded and Control Systems), will be
sought, where appropriate.

NMP-2007-3.2-1         Rapidly configurable machines and production systems
Technical content / scope: The main objective is to create radically new, self-adaptive machine structures with
online self-optimisation based on mechatronic concepts. The knowledge-based intelligent modules can feature
multi-layer control, sensing and actuator structures with a high level of redundancy which guarantees a high
level of reliability and allows optimal performance of a production system under different conditions.
Innovation lies in moving from current ‘assembled’ sensor, actuator and control system architectures towards
mechatronic knowledge-based systems.
The research should initially focus on the development of "adaptronic" modules and interfaces and their
integration in intelligent manufacturing equipment through the development of active intelligent components
(integrating, as appropriate, sensors, actuators, control, mechanical structures); development of tools for
integrated/embedded optimised system configuration based on mechatronic modelling and simulation with
respect of the resulting performance (including damping characteristics, working envelope, etc.). Deliverables
include (i) tools and methods for an adaptive, mechatronic manufacturing system and components modelling,
set-up and use; (ii) prototype adaptronic modules and applications of their usage in machines and production
systems.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: Proposals are expected to be industrially led and to include component manufacturers and
OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) for ensuring market take-up of the new technologies. Proposals are
also expected to take into account relevant standardisation and interoperability issues.
Expected impact: New generation of products helping European instrument manufacturers and machine
builders to stay ahead of the competition. Reduction of time needed for reconfiguration and maintenance,
yielding a significant increase in productivity for small batch production. Better process control allowing a
considerable reduction in resources consumption (both energy and raw materials).


NMP-2007-3.2-2        Process intensification in chemicals production
Technical content / scope: New research enabling safe and sustainable chemicals production must cover a
much broader range of production scales and production applications, and development must move from
individual devices to complete integrated production systems. Widespread application of intensified production
requires devices operating under a broad range of conditions and truly novel synthetic routes for more effective
production. Issues both in scale-down for ‘ultra’ small-scale production of extremely high value-added products
early on in the development stages (pharmaceuticals for clinical trials, etc.), as well as scale-up for ‘precision
engineering’ of product end–use properties (such as droplet and grain–size distributions, crystalline

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polymorphism, isomeric ratios, etc.) for high-tonnage sectors through locally targeted process control
(integrated sensors and actuators) need to be addressed.
Research should initially target a new generation of extremely flexible, high–performance process equipment,
developed through integration of self–adapting materials (shape–change alloys to create ‘intelligent’ valves,
piezo–electric components, etc.), having the long-term goal of developing programmable chemical reactors
whose local operating conditions adapt automatically and real-time to changes in feed composition, operating
conditions, product specifications, etc. Another major challenge is the invention of methods for the continuous
processing of highly viscous and/or solids–containing process fluids in intensified devices, as well as the
development of dedicated, small, continuous processes at a reduced cost.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: The ultimate goal will be the integration of technologies within large scale projects for an
intensified and safe and flexible chemical factory.
Expected impact: The funded projects are expected to enhance the sustainability of chemicals production in
areas such as: resources use minimisation & improved eco-efficiency and increased safety. This will be the
result of the development of concurrent process- product engineering methods, coupled with the emergence of a
new generation of equipment manufacturers, capable of producing the required devices and standardised
components at affordable costs. In the longer term a substantial drop in capital expenditure for new plant and/or
for retrofit of high–performance intensified devices into existing infrastructure can be expected.



4.3.3         Networked production


The key objective is to support highly dynamic networked production through the development of tools and
methods for co-operative and value-added operations for global production capability, including the design and
innovation of high value-added products. Collaborative design, identification and verification of manufacturing
requirements of all involved parties, determination and specification of processes as well as ICT systems are
among the required key competencies. The research focus is on design innovation, network configuration,
partner identification & partner development, networking, ramp-up, operation, optimisation and support for
advanced decision-making. Synergies, coordination and collaboration with the ICT thematic priority will be
sought, where appropriate.


NMP-2007-3.3-1        Innovative customer-driven product-service design in a global environment
Technical content / scope: Intelligent customer driven innovation focuses on the integration of customer
influence in the design and development process and the related demands of the manufacturing and logistic
processes. Moreover, multi-site and multi-nation product development is becoming more and more an
international business. Companies will design products, including the production systems and even factories
themselves, for customers all over the world. They will also develop and manufacture these products with
partners and suppliers from all the continents. Intelligent customer-driven innovative product-service design in
a global environment is set for new challenges, such as culture specific customer preferences, location specific
production technology and logistics, round the clock 24-hour collaborative development, different cultures,
attitudes and procedures for participating companies. The expected deliverables are: validated tools for cost-
effective and rapid creation, management and use of complex knowledge-based product-services that combine
the customer-driven approach with enablers for competitiveness at internationally networked locations; tools
facilitating collaborative design in temporary partnerships; and new business and management processes in
virtual company networks around the world.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects


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Specific features: Proposals should take note of the available de-facto standard design tools and avoid
unnecessary re-development. The consortia should include lower tier suppliers, the majority of which are
SMEs. The topic is a precursor for future large-scale collaborative projects addressing product creation and
production in non-hierarchical company networks. International collaboration, in particular within the IMS
scheme, is encouraged.
Expected impact: Considerable reduction of time-to-market for new products is expected in the next 5-7 years,
for example in the machinery and white goods sectors, with a significant positive influence on product quality
and improved business relations in a global context. The funded projects will also enable SMEs to achieve the
critical mass required to compete for major orders, and to focus on needs for mass customisation of products in
the 21st century.



4.3.4          Rapid transfer and integration of new technologies into the design and operation of
               manufacturing processes

The key objective is the development of knowledge-based engineering capacities drawing on in-depth
understanding of the behaviour of machines, processes and systems. This allows enterprises, in particular
SMEs, to respond quickly to changes in a dynamic environment through integration of knowledge from all
fields of manufacturing – from manufacturing networks up to the individual components of a production
system. Knowledge-based manufacturing aims at innate transfer and protection of knowledge as well as the
utilisation of a wide range of tools for integration of new technologies into the design and operation of new
manufacturing processes as quickly and efficiently as possible. The research focus is on the development of
advanced engineering concepts through knowledge sharing and knowledge distribution and through the
integration of modelling, simulation and virtual production tools. The scope includes discrete manufacturing
and process industries, as well as construction.

NMP-2007-3.4-1          Rapid manufacturing concepts for small series industrial production
Technical content / scope: The Rapid Manufacturing (RM) concept is based on solid freeform manufacturing
technologies for the direct automated production of bespoke parts and products in small to medium size batches
(without resorting to specific moulds and tools). The RM processes are not yet established in the production
environment, so currently there exist only very few process solutions of RM parts for the market need of
bespoke parts and appliances. RM is a multidisciplinary field requiring close interaction between design,
material, technology and ICT. Implementation of RM concepts will enable the transition from mass production
to the personalised/customised, for instance in the field of micro-nano fabrication, need-oriented and eco-
efficient manufacturing requirements of the future. The research should focus on innovative RM processes with
integrated materials design and simulations to be run prior to building the actual personalised part to guarantee
functionality, process optimization, repeatability and “first time right”, sustainable manufacturing.
Funding scheme: SME–targeted projects
Specific features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted sectors. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the
targeted SME dominated industrial communities. For this topic, the proposals should address diverse industrial
sectors and the consortia should include technology and service providers as well as end-users ranging from the
individual to large OEMs. The proposals should include significant demonstration elements, showing the
viability of this new technology in conventional production chains for more than one industrial sector.


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Expected impact: It is expected that the removal of technical barriers will open the way for wide-scale
introduction and approval of rapid manufacturing technologies in the market place for high value added
products (replacing 5-15% of the conventional production techniques within the next 5-10 years), in a wide
range of sectors, such as automotive, aerospace, instruments, spare parts, consumer goods and Micro-Electro-
Mechanical Systems (MEMS), significantly shortening the processing time and time-to-market.

NMP-2007-3.4-2          Innovative pathways in synthesis - improving efficiency by smart synthesis, design
                        and reduction of the number of reaction steps
Technical content / scope: Innovative pathways in synthesis cover the whole range of chemistry, including
novel transformations, application and production of alternative feedstocks, new reaction media and reaction
conditions (such as environmentally friendly solvents, supercritical conditions), and/or innovative cheaper,
shorter or more benign pathways to known products. They should not be treated in isolation but integrated in a
holistic manner with equally advanced reaction engineering concepts. Novel synthetic pathways could therefore
benefit, especially from advances in catalysis and process intensification.
The development focus should be given to the reduction of the number of intermediate reactions steps. The
production of fine chemicals involves usually the generation of very complex molecules with very high value
via a series of intermediate steps. In addition, each step may generate undesired side-products. Aiming at
ecoefficiency and optimal use of intermediate reageants, the reduction of reaction steps could for example be
tackled using the latest state-of-the-art synthetic routes, such as introducing catalytic steps instead of
stochiometric ones and circumventing the necessity to protect and deprotect functional groups in organic
synthesis.
Funding scheme: Small or medium-scale focused research projects
Specific features: Taking into account the portfolio of EU projects currently under execution, the area of ionic
liquids is not seen as a priority in this call.
Expected impact: The main impacts are at the level of environment and quality of life, with a significant
reduction of wastes and energy consumption. In addition, traditional economy of scales and reduction in capital
investment are expected in the long run.



4.3.5         Exploitation of the convergence of technologies

The key objective is to stimulate the creation of new industries by facilitating the design, engineering and
manufacturing of the next generation of high value-added products, exploiting the opportunities, integration and
convergence of, for example, micro- ,nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies. The research focus is on the
application of basic research results for the development of new manufacturing processes for new science based
products in order to create potentially disruptive products and production systems. Environmental technologies,
adaptive and functional materials, cognition based control, intelligent mechatronic systems and process
technologies are examples of possible application fields and there is a strong focus on micro and
nanomanufacturing. Synergies, coordination and collaboration with the ICT and Bio thematic priorities will be
sought, where appropriate.

NMP-2007-3.5-1        Processes and equipment for high quality industrial production of 3-dimensional
                      nanosurfaces
Technical content / scope: The objective is to up-scale and stabilise "surface functionalisation" processes with
respect to throughput, yield, quality and cost efficiency. The focus is on 3-dimensional nanostructuring at the
surface or the fabrication of surface structures with typical dimensions or phases smaller than 100nm on various
solid materials, e.g. metals, ceramics, glasses, semiconductors and polymers. The structure can be

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topographical, presenting designed nanostructures (e.g. pores, pillars, gratings) tailored for a specific
application resulting in outstanding properties, and may also involve coatings having phase modulations, crystal
sizes, embedded particles in the mentioned range. Technology convergence of top down and bottom up for new
hybrid methods of manufacturing may be envisaged. The research activities should focus on increasing the
quality/reliability of the structuring processes (e.g. polymer self-assembly, sol-gel texturation, lithography and
etching, moulding, hot embossing imprint, high velocity spraying, laser based coating, PVD, PE-CVD)
supported by the joint co-development of appropriate quality measures, including surface characterization
equipments and procedures, online control and online control systems. Deliverables should include systematic
material design, conception and design of production equipments, contamination control and quality assurance.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: Priority will be given to proposals considering the holistic, clean manufacturing system and
should clearly demonstrate how nanosurfaces can be processed to a high quality by nanostructuring and
coating. Consortia should be supported by the relevant end-user groups in the nano-micro-manufacturing value
chain.
Expected impact: A clear strategic contribution to establishing a European high value added nano-
manufacturing industry is expected. New, cost efficient production methods will improve/extend the lifetime
and quality of products in high market value segments in industries such as aeronautics, automotive, space,
electronics, energy and off-shore deep-sea.

NMP-2007-3.5-2         Production technologies and equipment for micro-manufacturing
Technical content / scope: The proposed work should extend the range of microfabrication process capabilities
to encompass a wider range of materials and geometric forms, by defining processes and related process chains
that can satisfy the specific functional and technical requirements of new emerging multi-material products in
the medical/surgical, transport, biotechnology and consumer products sectors. In addition, the compatibility of
materials and processing technologies throughout the manufacturing chains needs to be ensured.
The research focus should be on developing and characterising high throughput processes for length scale
integration (micro/nano) and the manufacture of components and devices with complex 3D features. Example
technologies to be investigated either individually or in combination are: Technologies for direct- or rapid
manufacturing; micro-injection moulding; microtooling production, single part manufacturing, energy assisted
machining and micro-replication technologies, replication together with methods for qualification and
inspection, and functional characterisation that are integrated into "easy and fast" on-line control systems.
Deliverables should include processes which demonstrate significantly higher production rates, accuracy, and
enhanced performance/quality, creating capabilities for the serial manufacture of micro components and/or
miniaturised parts incorporating micro/nano features in different materials. Processes should also provide a
higher flexibility for seamless integration into new micro/nano manufacturing platforms.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: Proposals must have a clear industrial involvement and a holistic process chain lifecycle
coverage with adaptive applications to different types of products and industrial sectors.
Expected impact: The proposed research is expected to show a clear strategic contribution to establishing a
European nano- and µ-manufacturing industry, enabling the transfer of laboratory scale manufacturing
processes to an industrial scale for the cost effective, automated and high quality manufacturing of new
products with new features made possible from research in nano- and µ-science and –technology.




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II.4   Activity 4.4          Integration of technologies for industrial applications

The integration of knowledge and technologies of the three areas of research above is essential in order to speed
up the transformation of European industry and its economy, while adopting a safe, socially responsible and
sustainable approach. The research will focus on new applications and novel, step-change solutions responding
to major challenges, including the RTD needs identified by the different European Technology Platforms.
This research should enable and sustain the knowledge-based transformation of current industrial sectors and
the development of new science-based sectors through the integration of new knowledge from nano-, materials-
, and production technologies in sectoral and cross-sectoral applications. The RTD approaches and objectives
applied by the partners should lead to results (products, processes, methods, etc.) and impacts which must
observe the guidelines of the sustainable development paradigm, namely the public health, worker safety,
environmental protection and the societal dimensions, including governance concerns (public awareness and
acceptance). Furthermore this research work must constitute an opportunity for Europe to consolidate the
optimal normalisation and standards needed.
Several cross-cutting dimensions could be considered while handling the vast array of sectors and applications
and could further inspire the emergence of topics:
- Transforming traditional industry, which faces the challenge of low-cost competition. It should increase its
  productivity through new processes, high-added value products and new business models;
- Fostering scale-intensive and specialized suppliers industry through the adoption and integration of new
  advanced technologies thus enabling the improvement of its leadership in the global market;
- Promoting Science-based Industry which will play a key role in establishing a high-value European
  industry. It will need the integration of most of the advanced technologies dealt with in Nanotechnologies,
  Materials and Production activities, enabling the development of new, high value, products and services,
  processes and even leading to new industries.
- Towards a sustainable supply industry is another key objective in supporting product & productivity
  innovation, especially for sectors with a large environmental footprint.


NMP-2007-4.0-1        Advanced wood-based composites and their production
Technical content / scope: The market price on standard technology wood-based products is increasingly
driven by low labour cost countries that have short timber harvesting cycles. The difference in production costs
is so significant that improving production efficiency is not sufficient alone to maintain the competitiveness of
the European forest-based industry. A strategy for success is to develop new high added value products
produced by new resource efficient production concepts.
Wood as a natural and abundant composite can form the basis for a completely new industry based on
intelligent recombination of specific physical properties such as heat insulation, conductivity and mechanical
strength and shape in engineered wood products (EWP). For example, replacing lignin with silicon, geofiller or
ceramics in the wood nano-structure, chemical grafting of cellulose or environmentally friendly chemical
densification can yield radically new product properties. New wood and bio-fiber polymer composites (e.g.
transformation of wood fibres and thermoplastic resins into wood polymer composites throughout plastic
processing, injection moulding, extrusion or pultrusion) show high potential for construction, furniture and
packaging applications. The ambitious research objectives include adaptive production concepts for new
composites based on wood fibres, cellulose, lignin, or hemicelluloses, and their derivatives; manufacturing
technologies such as moulding, shaping, compounding, melt blowing and electro-spinning; new manufacturing
methods for sheet structures and converting operations that enable paper to replace non-renewable materials;
engineering concepts for cellulose processing, e.g. melting and solid-state processing.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects


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Specific features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
Although this is not a dedicated SME topic, a significant SME participation is nevertheless expected.
Expected impact: The expected strategic impacts include: (1) placing sustainability at the forefront of cost
control and competitive advantage as well as emphasising its role in industry's social responsibility, and (2)
addressing Health and Safety issues for both the worker and the consumer through promotion of intrinsically
better technologies. More specifically, funded proposals are collectively expected to develop several new
product families based on new production concepts that exploit the potential of wood-based composites across
a variety of applications in the health, electronics and food sectors, as well as in the fields of construction,
furniture, packaging, speciality papers, vehicles and textiles.


NMP-2007-4.0-2         Application of new materials including bio-based fibres in high-added value textile
                       products
Technical content / scope: Intensified research and development efforts, especially from the SME segment of
the textiles industry, are required for reinforcing Europe’s leadership in the technical textiles field and for
establishing the EU as the global lead market for application of innovative textile products. Enhanced fibre
properties are the key for improving the properties of these new products and applications in terms of weight
performance ratios, strength, durability, flexibility, bio-degradability, energy-efficiency, insulation, temperature
and moisture management, permeability, self-cleaning and self-healing. The new materials targeted by the topic
are based on natural and bio-based fibres, speciality fibres and fibre-composites.
The research should concentrate on bulk fibres with new or significantly improved properties, novel fibres with
tailored functionalities for special applications, natural fibres and bio-based fibres; new processing and
production concepts include the development of environmentally friendly and energy-efficient processing and
surface modification of fibres, yarns and fabrics to enhance manufacturing of textile- and composite-based
innovative products. Deliverables will include the fibre innovation itself, the development of new products and
application areas and competitive new processing and production concepts. The main application areas targeted
are transport systems, energy systems, agri- and aquaculture, food and packaging applications, machines and
other durable equipment, sports and leisure, furniture, home textiles and other similar consumer application
sectors.
Funding scheme: SME-targeted projects
Specific features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted sectors. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the
targeted SME dominated industrial communities. Smart textiles with embedded systems such as sensors and
actuators as well as developments with the main applications in building and construction, medical and
protective clothing domains are excluded from this call.
Expected impact: The expected strategic impacts include: (1) promoting Innovation and the ability of
European Textile SMEs to use the results of research; (2) founding market competitiveness on knowledge and
added value through highly specific customisation to address specific high-tech markets ideally suited to
European Textile high-tech SMEs. More specifically, replacement of currently used traditional textile and non-
textile materials in the targeted application areas by at least 20% and an acceleration of currently projected
growth rates for technical textile application areas by at least 10% over the next 5 to 10 years.


NMP-2007-4.0-3        Multifunctional materials for future vehicles



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Technical content/scope: The design, processing and a more intelligent use of new multifunctional materials,
together with improvements in production technologies, are essential in order to combine mobility,
sustainability, reliability and safety in future light vehicle design and manufacturing. High added value
components with improved performance and tailored properties would strengthen in particular the
competitiveness of the automotive industry. These new multifunctional materials, developed in particular with
the help of modelling methods, would combine classical with new properties, such as self healing of damage
caused by abrasion and wear, variable strength or sensor properties, may contain micro-encapsulated inclusions
and would be able to self-adapt their range of properties depending on the requirements during application. A
sensing functionality of self-healing materials should enable them to sense their internal state and their external
environment, so that they can detect their healthiness or their reduced functionality at specific locations and
trigger the self-healing mechanisms. Multifunctional materials should also allow the triggering of safety
mechanisms, e.g. based upon the state of the driver. New high performance materials and components should
be investigated that contain an inherent ability to be active and reactive through the integration of sensors or
actuators (e.g. active materials inside matrix materials, touch sensitive plastics, biodegradable parts with slow
surface and fast core).
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects.
Specific features: Industry participation is essential and SME participation is encouraged.
Expected impact: Maintaining the competitiveness of the automotive and other transport industries.
Multifunctional, high performance materials should be developed that can adapt their range of properties
depending upon their requirements during application, for example in self-healing (abrasion or wear). These
high performance materials should be developed at acceptable costs to allow incorporation into vehicle
development and maintain worldwide competitiveness of European transport industries.

NMP-2007-4.0-4         Substantial innovation in the European medical industry: development of
                       nanotechnology-based systems for in-vivo diagnosis and therapy (in coordination
                       with topic HEALTH-2007-A-1.2.4.1-7 and HEALTH-2007-A-1.1.2.0-3 in Theme 1
                       "Health")
Technical content / scope: Within the objective of reinforcing the competitiveness of European industry
addressing healthcare and/or medical equipment, proposals are called for with the aim of developing
nanotechnology-based targeted delivery systems for in-vivo diagnosis and/or therapy for cardiovascular
diseases or neurodegenerative conditions or cancer. They should demonstrate high specificity, efficacy,
biocompatibility, and the capacity to cross biological barriers if needed. Where meaningful, research on the
combination of diagnosis and therapy (theranostics) in multi purpose systems is encouraged. This call addresses
only human healthcare.
Activities should include tests of the in vitro and in vivo behaviour and the fate of the systems (including
absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion analysis, toxicity, allergic or inflammatory induced
response, and biocompatibility), to fundamentally understand the behaviour and pharmacokinetics. Linked
animal testing should be kept to the minimum needed and should be replaced by in vitro testing wherever
possible. Strong industrial participation is encouraged.
Funding scheme: Large scale integrating projects.
Specific features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
Activities others than research could be included as appropriate, such as specific education modules, pre- and
co-normative activities, or the analysis of existing and required regulations. Gender issues should be
considered, where appropriate.
Expected impact: (i) Better and more reliable diagnostics and/or therapy; (ii) delivery of improved health care
to citizens and/or livestock; (iii) increased competitiveness of European industry in this high value added and
fast growing field.



                                                                                         November 28th 200640
                                   FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

NMP-2007-4.0-5        Resource efficient and clean buildings
Technical content / scope: The construction industry, as a major industrial sector, must provide a significant
contribution to the reduction of resources consumption and to a wider use of renewable resources. The main
objective of the topic is to reduce raw materials resources & energy consumption and environmental impact of
buildings during their entire life-cycle (80% of energy consumption occurs during service-life).
The main development issues and targets are: new concepts, technologies, design tools and business models for
“intelligent buildings”, able to significantly reduce or even meet their own energy consumption; improvement
of the building energy performance (through cladding and ventilation technologies, sensors and pervasive
computing systems, utilisation of embedded renewable energy sources…) at building and at district levels.
Developments are also required in new and improved materials and structures to improve the indoor
environment as well as resource and climate, energy consumption conversion and storage capacities of
buildings. Deliverables include the development, integration and demonstration of the above concepts e.g. for
apartment buildings, offices, hospitals, schools, factories or airports. This topic will be executed in
collaboration with and complementary to the Environment (including Climate change) thematic priority in
relation to technologies for the built environment and cultural heritage.
Funding scheme: Large-scale integrating projects
Specific features: In line with the objectives of this topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.
The activities under this topic could benefit from the participation of ICPC partners.
Expected impact: As more than 40% of all energy consumption is due to domestic and service sectors, apart
from the direct economic benefits, the topic contributes significantly towards meeting the Kyoto protocol
obligations and would reduce Europe’s reliance on imported energy.

NMP-2007-4.0-6         Innovative added-value construction product-services
Technical content / scope: Buildings retrofitting and maintenance is one of the key activities for the 2.5
million SMEs in the construction sector. The aim is to modernise these traditional SMEs by developing new
construction knowledge-based services improving their competitiveness with crucial impact on employment
and growth, while ensuring that the SMEs are able to meet all health, safety and environmental requirements.
The main development issues and targets are: The development of knowledge-based construction processes and
products deployable by SMEs (in terms of investment costs and human resources), especially for the retrofit,
refurbishment and maintenance of buildings; new manufacturing systems (e.g. robots and automation) and ICT
infrastructures and tools to develop ubiquitous SMEs access to competitive knowledge; development of new
“full” services with a high added value for clients The deliverables are expected to include tools, strategies,
services and technologies to ensure a better satisfaction of the end users together with reduction of materials
and energy consumption. This topic will be executed in collaboration with and complementary to the
Environment (including Climate change) thematic priority in relation to technologies for the built environment
and cultural heritage.
Funding scheme: SME-targeted projects.
Specific features: SME dedicated collaborative projects are specifically designed to encourage SME
participation in research and innovation representing the complete value added of the targeted sectors. Research
and innovation activities need to be covered by the projects. In each project, at least 35% of the EC contribution
is expected to be allocated to the participating SMEs. The projects will be led by SMEs with R&D capacities
but the coordinator does not need to be an SME. The participating SMEs should have the decision making
power in the project management. The output should be for the benefit of the participating SMEs and the
targeted SME dominated industrial communities.
Expected impact: Knowledge-based upgrading and retrofitting of the existing building stock has the potential
for significant reduction in resources consumption (energy, water, raw materials). The construction sector
achieves a new image of innovation and quality, creating new business opportunities and offering attractive
working conditions.

                                                                                        November 28th 200641
                                           FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP



NMP-2007-4.0-7          ERANET on Construction7
Technical content / scope: The Era-net on Construction aims at stepping up coordination of research
programmes in the fields of construction and operation of buildings. A step towards this aim is identifying RTD
priorities in view of implementing joint initiatives, including joint calls.
A specific aspect which could be taken into account relates to the definition of reliable decision-support
systems able to demonstrate an optimal balance between sustainability and operational costs of buildings.
Funding scheme: Coordination and support actions
Specific features: See Annex 4. Only ERANET eligible partners can participate. The minimum number of
participants is set at three independent legal entities managing publicly funded national or regional
programmes, each of which is established in a Member or Associated state and no two of which are established
in the same member or associated state. The participation of new Member States is particularly encouraged.
Eligibility requirements are found in the footnote 8..
Expected impact: This activity is expected to improve cooperation and set the basis for long-lasting
cooperation in the field; to address in a coordinated way issues of common interests, whose socio-economic
relevance is recognised at global level (such as: energy and resource saving; safety; waste reduction etc.);
capitalise the experience of joint calls and coordinated activities with a view to setting up a transnational
European programme in the field, by for example the preparation of an Era-Net Plus.

7
    This topic is subject to a joint call for ERANETs across the Themes.
8
  Eligibility requirements: Activities developed within the ERA-NET scheme consist of Coordination and Support Actions
networking research programmes carried out at national or regional level, towards their mutual opening and the
development and implementation of joint activities.
"Research programmes carried out at national or regional level” should be understood as entire research programmes, or parts of such
programmes, or similar initiatives. Such programmes should have all of the following characteristics:
a) be strategically planned (i.e. be composed of number of research projects focused on a defined subject area or set of problems, that
are scheduled to run for a set period of time and that have a co-ordinated management) ; and
b) be carried out at national or regional level; and
c) either be financed or managed directly by national or regional public bodies, or by structures (e.g. agencies) closely related to or
mandated by public authorities
For ERA-NET consortia, the minimum number of participants has been set at three independent legal entities financing (programme
owners) or managing publicly funded national or regional programmes, each of which is established in a Member State or Associated
country, and no two of which are established in the same Member State or Associated country; It should be stressed that research
organisations or scientists are NOT eligible ERA-NET participants. Eligible partners for ERA-NET projects are exclusively contained
in the following list :
 Programme owners are typically national/regional ministries/governments responsible for defining, financing or managing
  research programmes carried out at national or regional level.
 Programme “managers” (such as research councils or funding agencies) are other national or regional organisations that
  implement research programmes.
 Programme owners (typically national/regional ministries/governments) which do yet not have a running or fully fledged research
    programme at the moment of submitting an ERA-NET proposal, but which are planning and have committed to set up such a
    programme, are also eligible if their participation is well justified and adds value to the overall programme coordination. This
    approach shall help and encourage countries or regions having less diverse research programmes (in particular new Member
    States) to be integrated in the ERA-NET scheme under FP7.
In addition to the above minimum number of key participants, other organisations may participate :
 Bodies operating at European level (e.g. European Economic Interest Group (EEIG) or any legal entity established in a Member
  State or Associated State according to its national law and which is made up of independent legal entities) which are managing
  publicly funded national or regional research programmes from at least two different Member or Associated States if their
  participation is well justified and adds value to the overall programme coordination.
 Other legal entities (e.g. charities) managing research programmes if their participation is well justified and adds value to the
  overall programme coordination.


                                                                                                         November 28th 200642
                                      FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

III       Calls for Tenders in 2007


         Project Technical Assistants (PTA)

      Subject:    External assistance to enable detailed, prompt, pro-active, and scientifically competent
                  following of the projects by the Commission
      Procedure: Open or restricted call for tenders in 33 lots, each corresponding to a topic within this work
                 programme.
      Contracts: 33 framework contracts, implemented by specific agreements specifying the projects to be
                 supported, the tasks, and the allocation of resources.
      Timing:     Early 2007 (contracts to be in place before the first projects start)
      Budget:     Maximum of € 2.7 million to assist with the projects, to be funded from the 2007 budget
                  (estimate based on 110 projects with an average duration of 4 years, requiring an assistance of
                  an average of 10 days and 2 travels per year).


Ex-post evaluation and impact assessment of RTD funding in the NMP area

      Lot 1:      Ex-post evaluation and impact assessment for a sample of 200 completed projects of NMP-FP6
                  (projects selected through stratified sampling on the basis of the PQI scores)
      Lots 2 to 5: 4 separate longer term impact assessments of Community funding of research in certain areas /
                   disciplines / sectors where a significant number of projects has been funded over the last 10
                   years (these areas could for example be: construction, machine tools, biomaterials,
                   nanomaterials)
      Lot 6:      External assistance to the detailed quantitative and qualitative analysis of the data produced by
                  previous and current evaluation and impact assessment exercises
                  (this analysis will involve a focus group of which the expert members will be appointed and
                  paid separately by the Commission, using the expert groups procedure)

 Procedure: Open call for tenders in 6 lots
 Contracts:      6 service contracts (of 2 years for lot 1; of 1 year for lots 2 to 5; of 3 years for lot 6)
 Timing:         launch at the start of FP7
 Budget:         1.450.000 € (850.000 € for lot 1; 75.000 € for each of lots 2 to 5; 300.000 € for lot 6)


         Exploitation Strategy and Innovation Consultants (ESIC)

      Subject:    External assistance to identify and address possible or actual obstacles to the future or
                  imminent exploitation of the intended or already achieved results of projects
                  (including exploitation related risk analysis at an early stage of the project; generic awareness
                  raising and training sessions; project-specific seminars; first-line innovation helpdesk)


      Procedure: Open call for tenders

                                                                                               November 28th 200643
                               FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

Contract:   Framework contract for 4 years, implemented using specific agreements and order forms
Timing:     launch at the start of FP7
Budget:     maximum € 100.000 in 2007 (the need will increase in later years, as the existing contract for
            Exploitation Strategy Seminars will end).




                                                                                 November 28th 200644
                                  FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

IV      Implementation of calls 2007

IV.1    Indicative budget (Million €)

                                                                                 2007*




          1st calls         Large P.                                             200.00
                            Small P.                                             104.77
                            SME-targeted P.                                       44.00
                            SCA                                                   15.00
                            ERANET Plus ***
                            - Evaluation (3.5)
       Other activities     - Calls for tenders (2.5)
                                                                                  6.00

                            - Cordis (0.78)
  General Activities (see   - Eureka/ research organisations
       Annex 4)             (0.09)                                                29.49
                            - Cost (3.38)
                            - ERANET (7.1)
                            - RSFF (18.14)

 TOTAL                                                                           399.26
* Under the condition that the preliminary draft budget for 2007 is adopted without modifications by the budget
authority. An amount for the 2008 budget is expected to be added to these calls for which a new financing
decision to cover the budget for that year will be requested at the appropriate time.
** of which up to € 2.5 mio to be allocated to topic: NMP-2007-4-7 ERANET on Construction, which is
implemented via a joint call as detailed in Annex 4.
*** ERANET Plus will be implemented via a joint call as detailed in Annex 4.




                                                                                      November 28th 200645
                                            FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

IV.2       Calls for proposals NMP-2007

      Call Title: Theme 4 – NMP - Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production
       Technologies
      Call identifier: FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1
      Date of publication: 22 December 20069
      Closure date: For Large scale integrating projects - first stage: 2 May 2007 at 17.00 (Brussels local time)10
      Topics called:
          Activity/ Area                                        Topics called                       Funding Schemes

Nanotechnologies and                 NMP-2007-1.2-1 Pilot lines to study, develop and up-
converging technologies              scale nanotechnology-based processes from laboratory
Health, Safety and                   NMP-2007-1.3-1 Specific, easy-to-use portable devices
Environmental Impacts                for measurement and analysis
Mastering nano-scale                 NMP-2007-2.1.1 Nanostructured polymer-matrix
complexity in materials              composites

Knowledge-based smart                NMP-2007-2.2-1 Organic materials for electronics
materials with tailored              and photonics
properties
Novel biomaterials and bio-          NMP-2007-2.3-1 Highly porous bioactive scaffolds
inspired materials                   controlling angiogenesis for tissue engineering
Using engineering to develop         NMP-2007-2.5-1 Novel materials tailored for extreme
high performance knowledge-          conditions and environments
based materials                                                                                          Large scale
                                                                                                         integrating
Development and validation of        NMP-2007-3.1-1 Beyond lean manufacturing – new                        projects
new industrial models and            industrial models for product and process life cycle
strategies                           NMP-2007-3.1-3 Integrated risk management in
                                     industrial systems
                                     NMP-2007-3.5-1 Processes and equipment for high
Exploitation of the                  quality industrial production of 3-dimensional
convergence of technologies          nanosurfaces
                                     NMP-2007-3.5-2 Production technologies and
                                     equipment for micro-manufacturing

                                     NMP-2007-4.0-1 Advanced wood-based composites and
                                     their production
                                     NMP-2007-4.0-3 Multifunctional materials for future
                                     vehicles
Integration of technologies for
industrial applications              NMP-2007-4.0-4 Substantial innovation in the
                                     European medical industry: development of
                                     nanotechnology-based systems for in-vivo diagnosis
                                     and therapy (in coordination with topics HEALTH-2007-
                                     A-1.2.4.1-7 and HEALTH-2007-A-1.1.2.0-3 of Theme 1
                                     "Health" )
                                     NMP-2007-4.0-5 Resource efficient and clean
                                     Buildings
      Evaluation procedure: For Large scale integrating projects the evaluation shall follow a two-stage procedure. The first stage
       proposal, of a maximum of 10 pages (font size 12) should focus on the S&T content and on clear identification of the intended

9
    The Director-General responsible for the call may publish it up to two months prior to or after the envisaged date of publication.
10
     Where the envisaged date of publication is either advanced or delayed, the deadline may be adjusted accordingly

                                                                                                            November 28th 200646
                                             FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

       results, their intended use and the expected impact (economic, social, environmental, etc.) and 2 additional pages to describe the
       consortium and the estimated financial resources involved. It will be evaluated on the basis of two evaluation criteria, i.e.:
       scientific quality and expected impact. Stage 1 proposals will be evaluated remotely. Stage 1 proposals shall be submitted at the
       closure date mentioned above. Coordinators of retained proposals in stage 1 ("go" proposals) will be invited to submit a complete
       proposal that will be then evaluated against the entire set of evaluation criteria. The closure date of the second submission will be
       specified in the invitation to submit the complete proposal. The indicative closure date is: 04 October 2007.
      Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable: Evaluation Stage 1 proposals: May/June 2007; Evaluation stage 2 proposals:
       October 2007. Evaluation results: estimated to be available within two months after the closure date. A reserve list of projects
       might be established.

      Indicative budget: 200 M€ in 200711. An amount for the 2008 budget is expected to be added to these calls for which a new
       financing decision to cover the budget for that year will be requested at the appropriate time.

      Consortia agreements: Participants are required to conclude a consortium agreement.
      Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation:

       For large scale integrating projects the minimum EC funding requested must exceed € 4 million.

       In line with the objectives of each topic, adequate industrial participation is recommended.

       For this call, implemented via a two stage procedure, the following criteria and thresholds are applied:

       - Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 1 proposals:

       Stage 1 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following two criteria: S/T quality and Impact. For each criterion marks
       from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the minimum thresholds as
       follows:

                                                                                    Minimum threshold
                            S/T quality                                                    4/5
                              Impact                                                       3/5
                    Overall threshold required                                            8/10


       - Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 2 proposals:

       Stage 2 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following three criteria: 1. S/T quality; 2. Implementation; 3. Impact. For
       each criterion marks from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the
       minimum thresholds as follows:

                                                                                    Minimum threshold
                            S/T quality                                                   4/5
                        Implementation                                                    3/5
                              Impact                                                      4/5
                    Overall threshold required                                           12/15

       See also Annex 2: Eligibility and evaluation criteria for proposals.

          Forms of grant and maximum reimbursement rates for projects funded through the Cooperation work programme are
           given in Annex 3




11
     Under the condition that the preliminary draft budget for 2007 is adopted without modifications by the budget authority.

                                                                                                             November 28th 200647
                                             FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

Call Title: Theme 4 – NMP - Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies

      Call identifier: FP7-NMP-2007-SMALL-1

      Date of publication: 22 December 200612

      Closure date: For Small or medium-scale focused research projects - first stage: 02 May 2007 at 17.00 (Brussels local time)13

      Topics called:
           Activity/ Area                                   Topics called                           Funding Schemes

                                       NMP-2007-1.1-1 Nano-scale mechanisms of bio/non-
Nanosciences and converging            bio interactions
sciences                               NMP-2007-1.1-2 Self-assembling and self-organisation
Health, Safety and                     NMP-2007-1.3-2 Risk assessment of engineered
Environmental Impacts                  nanoparticles on health and the environment

Mastering nano-scale                   NMP-2007-2.1-2 Nanostructured coatings and thin
complexity in materials                films
                                       NMP-2007-2.2-2 Nanostructured materials with
Knowledge-based               smart    tailored magnetic properties
materials   with            tailored   NMP-2007-2.2-3 Advanced material architectures for
properties                             energy conversion

Advances in chemical                   NMP-2007-2.4-2 Nanostructured catalysts with
technologies and materials             tailor-made functional surfaces                               Small or medium-
processing                             NMP-2007-2.4-3 Renewable materials for functional               scale focused
                                       packaging applications                                        research projects
Using engineering to develop           NMP-2007-2.5-2 Modelling of microstructural
high performance knowledge-            evolution under work conditions and in materials
based materials                        processing
                                       NMP-2007-3.2-1 Rapidly Configurable Machines and
Adaptive production systems            Production Systems
                                       NMP-2007-3.2-2 Process Intensification in Chemicals
                                       Production
Networked production                   NMP-2007-3.3-1 Innovative Customer-Driven
                                       Product-Service Design in a Global Environment
Rapid transfer and integration         NMP-2007-3.4-2 Innovative Pathways in Synthesis -
of new technologies into the           Improving efficiency by smart synthesis, design and
design and operation of                reduction of the number of reaction steps
manufacturing processes

      Evaluation procedure: For Small or medium-scale focused research projects the evaluation shall follow a two-stage procedure.
       The first stage proposal, of a maximum of 10 pages (font size 12) should focus on the S&T content and on clear identification of
       the intended results, their intended use and the expected impact (economic, social, environmental, etc.) and 2 additional pages to
       describe the consortium and the estimated financial resources involved. It will be evaluated on the basis of two evaluation
       criteria, i.e.: scientific quality and expected impact. Stage 1 proposals will be evaluated remotely. Stage 1 proposals shall be
       submitted at the closure date mentioned above. Coordinators of retained proposals in stage 1 ("go" proposals) will be invited to
       submit a complete proposal that will be then evaluated against the entire set of evaluation criteria. The closure date of the second
       submission will be specified in the invitation to submit the complete proposal. The indicative closure date is 13 September 2007.




12
     The Director-General responsible for the call may publish it up to two months prior to or after the envisaged date of publication.
13
     Where the envisaged date of publication is either advanced or delayed, the deadline may be adjusted accordingly

                                                                                                             November 28th 200648
                                            FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

      Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable: Evaluation Stage 1 proposals: May/June 2007; Evaluation stage 2 proposals:
       October 2007. Evaluation results: estimated to be available within two months after the closure date. A reserve list of projects
       might be established.
      Indicative budget: M€ 104.77 in 200714. An amount for the 2008 budget is expected to be added to these calls for which a new
       financing decision to cover the budget for that year will be requested at the appropriate time.

      Consortia agreements: Participants are required to conclude a consortium agreement.
      Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation.

       For the small or medium scale focussed research projects the maximum EC funding requested must not exceed € 4 million.

       For this call, implemented via a two stage procedure, the following criteria and thresholds are applied:

       - Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 1 proposals:

       Stage 1 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following two criteria: S/T quality and Impact. For each criterion marks
       from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the minimum thresholds as
       follows:

                                                                                    Minimum threshold
                            S/T quality                                                    4/5
                              Impact                                                       3/5
                    Overall threshold required                                            8/10


       - Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 2 proposals:

       Stage 2 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following three criteria: 1. S/T quality; 2. Implementation; 3. Impact. For
       each criterion marks from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the
       minimum thresholds as follows:

                                                                                    Minimum threshold
                            S/T quality                                                   4/5
                        Implementation                                                    3/5
                              Impact                                                      3/5
                    Overall threshold required                                           12/15


       See also Annex 2: Eligibility and evaluation criteria for proposals

          Forms of grant and maximum reimbursement rates for projects funded through the Cooperation work programme are
           given in Annex 3.




14
     Under the condition that the preliminary draft budget for 2007 is adopted without modifications by the budget authority.


                                                                                                             November 28th 200649
                                           FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP


Call Title: Theme 4 – NMP - Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies

    Call identifier: FP7-NMP-2007-SME-1

    Date of publication: 22 December 200615

    Closure date: For SME -targeted projects - first stage: 02 May 2007 at 17.00 (Brussels local time) 16

    Topics called:


        Activity/ Area                                         Topics called                       Funding Schemes

Nanotechnologies and               NMP-2007-1.2-2 Equipment and methods for
converging technologies            nanotechnology
Advances in chemical               NMP-2007-2.4-1 Flexible efficient processing for
technologies and materials         polymers
processing

Development and validation of
new industrial models and          NMP-2007-3.1-2 New added-value user-centred
                                                                                                      SME-targeted
strategies                         products and product services
                                                                                                        projects
Rapid transfer and integration     NMP-2007-3.4-1 Rapid manufacturing concepts for
of new technologies into the       small series industrial production
design and operation of
manufacturing processes
                                   NMP-2007-4.0-2 Application of new materials
Integration of technologies for    including bio-based fibres in high-added value textile
industrial applications            products
                                   NMP-2007-4.0-6 Innovative added-value construction
                                   product-services


    Evaluation procedure: For SME -targeted projects the evaluation shall follow a two-stage procedure. The first stage proposal, of
     a maximum of 10 pages (font size 12) should focus on the S&T content and on clear identification of the intended results, their
     intended use and the expected impact (economic, social, environmental, etc.) and 2 additional pages to describe the consortium
     and the estimated financial resources involved. It will be evaluated on the basis of two evaluation criteria, i.e.: scientific quality
     and expected impact. Stage 1 proposals will be evaluated remotely. Stage 1 proposals shall be submitted at the closure date
     mentioned above. Coordinators of retained proposals in stage 1 ("go" proposals) will be invited to submit a complete proposal
     that will be then evaluated against the entire set of evaluation criteria. The closure date of the second submission will be specified
     in the invitation to submit the complete proposal. The indicative closure date is: 04 October 2007.

    Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable: Evaluation Stage 1 proposals: May/June 2007; Evaluation stage 2 proposals:
     October 2007. Evaluation results: estimated to be available within two months after the closure date. A reserve list of projects
     might be established.
    Indicative budget: M€ 44 in 200717 . An amount for the 2008 budget is expected to be added to these calls for which a new
     financing decision to cover the budget for that year will be requested at the appropriate time.
    Consortia agreements: Participants are required to conclude a consortium agreement.

    Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation:
     At least 35% of the EC contribution will be allocated to the participating SMEs.
     For SME targeted projects no upper or lower limits in EC contribution are applied.

15
   The Director-General responsible for the call may publish it up to two months prior to or after the envisaged date of publication.
16
   Where the envisaged date of publication is either advanced or delayed, the deadline may be adjusted accordingly
17
   Under the condition that the preliminary draft budget for 2007 is adopted without modifications by the budget authority.


                                                                                                             November 28th 200650
                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

For this call, implemented via a two stage procedure, the following criteria and thresholds are applied:

- Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 1 proposals:

Stage 1 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following two criteria: S/T quality and Impact. For each criterion marks
from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the minimum thresholds as
follows:

                                                                             Minimum threshold
                     S/T quality                                                    4/5
                       Impact                                                       3/5
             Overall threshold required                                            8/10

- Evaluation criteria and thresholds for stage 2 proposals:

Stage 2 proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following three criteria: 1. S/T quality; 2. Implementation; 3. Impact. For
each criterion marks from 0 to 5 will be given, with the possibility of half-point scores. Successful proposals must pass the
minimum thresholds as follows:

                                                                             Minimum threshold
                     S/T quality                                                   4/5
                 Implementation                                                    3/5
                       Impact                                                      3/5
             Overall threshold required                                           12/15


See also Annex 2: Eligibility and evaluation criteria for proposals

   Forms of grant and maximum reimbursement rates for projects funded through the Cooperation work programme are
    given in Annex 3.




                                                                                                      November 28th 200651
                                          FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

Call Title: Theme 4 – NMP - Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies

    Call identifier: FP7-NMP-2007-CSA-1

    Date of publication: 22 December 200618

    Closure date: 5 June 2007 at 17.00 (Brussels local time) 19

    Topics called:


        Activity/ Area                                   Topics called                            Funding Schemes

                                   NMP-2007-1.1-3 Support to networking ICPC
                                  researchers in nanotechnology and creation of a free
                                  and open electronic archive of nanosciences and
Nanosciences and converging       nanotechnologies scientific and technical publications
sciences
                                  NMP-2007-1.1-4 Development of methodology,
                                  collection and elaboration of scientific-technical and
                                  socio-economic data and studies on nanosciences and
                                  nanotechnologies, including risk assessment, and
                                  establishment of an observatory
                                  NMP-2007-1.2-3 Analysis of the ethical, regulatory,
                                  social and economic environment of nanomedicine
Nanotechnologies and
converging technologies            NMP-2007-1.2-4 Coordination in nanometrology

                                  NMP-2007-1.2-5 Examining capacity building in                    Coordination and
                                  nanobiotechnology                                                 support actions
                                  NMP-2007-1.3-3 Scientific review of the data and
                                  studies on the potential impact of engineered
                                  nanoparticles on health, safety and the environment
Health, Safety and
Environmental Impacts
      NMP-2007-4.1.3-4            NMP-2007-1.3-4 Creation of a critical and
                                  commented database on the health, safety and
                                  environmental impact of nanoparticles
     NMP-2007-4.1.3-5             NMP-2007-1.3-5 Coordination in studying the
                                  environmental, safety and health impact of engineered
                                  nanoparticles and nanotechnology based materials and
                                  products
Mastering nano-scale              NMP-2007-2.1-3       Characterisation of nanostructured
complexity in materials           materials
    Evaluation procedure: For Coordination and support actions the evaluation shall follow a single stage procedure.
    Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable: Evaluation: June 2007. Evaluation results: estimated to be available within
     two months after the closure date.
    Indicative budget: 15 M€ in 200720 (including up to € 2.5 million to be allocated to topic: NMP-2007-4-7 ERANET on
     Construction, which is implemented via a joint call as detailed in Annex 4). A reserve list of projects might be established.

    Consortia agreements: Participants are encouraged but not required to conclude a consortium agreement.
    Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation:
     The topic NMP-2007-4.4-7 ERA –Net on Construction follows the participation requirements foreseen for the ERANET scheme
     as detailed in Annex 4.



18
   The Director-General responsible for the call may publish it up to two months prior to or after the envisaged date of publication.
19
   Where the envisaged date of publication is either advanced or delayed, the deadline may be adjusted accordingly
20
   Under the condition that the preliminary draft budget for 2007 is adopted without modifications by the budget authority.


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                                          FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

    The evaluation criteria and thresholds to be applied to Coordination and Support Actions under this call are given in Annex 2.
   Forms of grant and maximum reimbursement rates for projects funded through the Cooperation work programme are given
    in Annex 3.




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ERANET and ERANET Plus topics


The two topics to be implemented via ERANET and ERANET Plus under Theme 4 – NMP - Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies,
Materials and new Production Technologies are included in the single ERANET joint call and are described in Annex 4. These two
topics are shown below:
                  Activity/ Area                                        Topics called

Nanosciences and converging sciences                NMP-2007-1.1-5    ERANET Plus in nanosciences
Integration of technologies for industrial          NMP-2007-4.0-7 ERANET on Construction
applications




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V        Indicative priorities for future call(s)


4.1      NANOSCIENCES & NANOTECHNOLOGIES



4.1.1    Nanosciences and converging sciences

     Understanding the working of cells
     Converging sciences at the nanoscale
     Mimicking nature
     Nanoscale motors and machines
     Deeper understanding of the mechanisms governing the perception of taste and assimilation of
      nutrients
     Qualifying human resources for nanotechnology industry
     Development of methodology, collection and elaboration of scientific-technical and socio-economic
      data and studies on nanosciences and nanotechnologies, including risk assessment
     Evolution of ethical, legal and social aspects linked to nano- and converging sciences

4.1.2    Nanotechnology and converging technologies

     Novel nanobiotechnology-based processes
     Development of cost-effective nanotechnology-based solutions for protecting valuable goods –
      projects, in cooperation with ICPC third countries
     Joint call with Theme "Science in Society"
     Stimulating debates and building targeted communication strategies between stakeholders and the
      public on nanotechnology research and its societal implications
     Realisation and circulation in Europe of an EuroNanoTruck and diffusion of information
     Citizens' conference on acceptable N&N
     Coordination in nanobiotechnology
     Converging Technologies for Clean Water

4.1.3    Health, Safety and Environmental Impacts

     Research projects (possibly in cooperation with third countries)
     Environmental and health impact of nanoparticles and nanotechnology based materials and products
     Exposure information throughout the life cycle of nanomaterials, including development of
      measurement equipment for environmental samples, environmental species exposure and data
      generation
     Critical survey of available data for new chemicals
     Updating risk assessment methods and strategies
     Development of test methods, physico-chemical properties, hazard information




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4.2      MATERIALS

     Nanostructured membrane materials
     Processing and upscaling of nanostructured materials
     Non-Si,Ge based semiconductors for electronics and photonics
     Nanostructured Metamaterials
     Advanced implants for critical organs such as heart, liver and pancreas
     Biomimetic gels and polymers for tissue repair in arthritis and osteoporosis
     Development of medical adhesives for joining tissue and wound sealing
     Development of novel green solvent systems
     Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials
     Radical advances in the processing of multifunctional films and tapes
     Functionally graded materials
     Metallic foams
     Modelling of interfaces for high performance materials design


4.3      NEW PRODUCTION

     Monitoring the implementation progress of European strategic initiatives in industrial technologies
     New Consumer Oriented Business Models
     Self-learning Production Systems
     Improving Quality and Reliability of Intensified Components and Devices
     Application of Alternative Forms of Energy for Process Intensification
     Process intensification in Metals Production
     Industrialisation through new integrated processes
          - Industrialized interoperable production systems for off-site and on site production
     Scalable Control Systems for Adaptive and Responsive Factories
     Manufacturing systems and technologies for 3D production of mass customised products based on
      flexible materials
     Intelligent complex manufacturing systems and equipment for processing and handling biological
      materials in the food industry (with Theme 'Food')
     Supply Chain Integration and Real-Time Decision Making in Non-hierarchical Manufacturing
      Networks
     Interoperability of Technical and Business Solutions in Production Networks
     Knowledge-based Manufacturing – Integration of Heterogeneous Data and Enhancement of Human
      Interactions in Manufacturing Environment
     Rapid Design and Virtual Prototyping of Factories
          - Development of a Virtual Factory Framework Concept
          - Development of Specific Plant and Product/Process Modelling, Simulation and Virtual
             Prototyping Tools within the Virtual Factory Context
          - Integration of VR/AR Technologies in the Virtual Factory
     Purification and Formulation Engineering for Added Value Products (non food).
          - Formulation of designed products with defined particulate structure- High-throughput tools for
          formulation engineering
     Development of new visualization, virtual reality and communication tools, advanced ICT systems
      and multi-dimensional integrated data models for the assessment of the built environment
     Advanced Product Engineering Forum to support the development of sustainable processes for
      targeted and tailored products, such as, intelligent microencapsulated formulations
     Robotics for Crop/Forestry Management
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     Volume production process chains for high throughput micro-manufacturing
     Handling and Micro-assembly processes for multi-functional multi-material meso-micro devices
     Manufacturing of Nanosurfaces by Surface Functionalisation and Nanolayering

4.4             INTEGRATION

     Transnational co-operation among NCPs
     Development of new sustainable manufacturing, monitoring and management systems
     New business models, advanced methodologies and technologies for innovative tooling industry
     High Performance Systems and Processes Adapting to Increasing Demands in Future Manufacturing
      Industry
           - High performance machines and materials processes
     High Value Added (HVA) Shoes for Quality of Life, Health and Environment
     Innovative Concepts and Processes for New High Added Value Mineral-based Products
     Multifunctional construction materials
     Integration of Technologies for Intensified Sustainable Chemical Processes
     Robust Miniaturised Sensors and In-line Analyser Technology
     Sustainable Management of Transports and Utilities Networks
     Integrated life-cycle assessment cost-efficient systems for easy-to-maintain networks
     Methods/tools for the management of transport & utilities networks in order to improve the
      serviceability, security and lifetime of the structures
     Industrial Scale Implementation of Process Intensification Strategies
     Closer Integration of the Forestry Value Chain through Converging Technologies
     New Generation of High Brilliance Lasers and Beam Delivery Equipment for Industrial Applications

     Functionalisation of textiles & related processes covering wet finishing processes, lamination, coating,
      plasmas
     Technologies for a sustainable, increased self-sufficiency in resources
     Advanced personal protective equipment and devices
     Micro- and Nano Manufacturing Systems and Platforms and
           - Knowledge-based Fabrication - Manufacturing Systems Design, Modelling and Simulation
             Tools
           - Equipment and Tools Integration into Intelligent scalable adaptable manufacturing systems
             and platforms
           - New Flexible, Modular and Networked System Architectures for Knowledge-based
             Manufacturing
     Advances in Human – Robot Interactions in Industrial Applications
     Reducing the environmental footprint of minerals and metals processing
     Technologies for Healthy, Safe, Accessible and Stimulating Indoor Environments
     Retrofit and upgrade of existing underground constructions
     Bioproduction of Green Forest Based Chemicals and Materials
     Advanced technologies for structural safety and extension of service life
     New textile products for innovative technical applications resulting from combination in
      advancements in fibre and fibre-composite materials and textile formation -yarn and fabric form in
      combination with polymer coating- and functionalisation technologies.
     Scale-Free Manufacturing of Steel and other Metals (ESTEP)
     New Strategies and Technologies for Mineral Resources Transformation
     Substantial innovation in the European medical industry: Development of new types of targeted
      delivery systems for cancer treatment
     Catalysts and processes for the sustainable production of fuels
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   Advanced materials for fuel cells and hydrogen storage

Nanomedicine
 Support to novel industrial development of nanotechnology-based functional in-vivo imaging
  techniques
 Innovation in industrial technologies and systems for in-vitro diagnostics targeting infectious diseases
  (possibly with ICPC )
 Support to industrial competitiveness in delivering therapeutic agents for inflammatory conditions
  related to diabetes or auto-immune conditions, and nephropathy
 Support to industrial competitiveness in cancer treatment

Nanoelectronics
 Joint call with IST on nano-electronics and –photonics

Nano – and converging technologies for energy
 Development of nanotechnology-based routes for the fixation of CO2
 Use of nanoparticles as new solid fuels or additives to existing fuel
 Direct production of electricity, alcohols or hydrocarbons

Nano- and converging technologies for security
 Nanotechnology-based portable sensing devices for security
 New nanotechnology-based protecting and functional textiles

Nanotechnology for agriculture and fish farming
 Development of nano-encapsulation technologies for supporting agricultural and fishery industry

ERANET topics

      Trans-national cooperation for new innovative products in the forest-based value chains
      ERANET in Materials for Energy Applications
      ERANET+ in Materials
      ERANET+ in "Nanomedicine"
      ERANET+ Impact on public health, occupational safety and the environment
      ERANET + in Micro and Nano manufacturing (successor of NMT ERA Net)
      ERANET + in Manufacturing (successor of MANUNET ERA Net)
      ERANET + in Construction




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Annex 1 - List of International Co-operation Partner Countries (ICPC)
ACP *                       Cuba                EASTERN                       Bosnia-
                            Dominica            EUROPE AND                     Herzegovina
- AFRICAN                   Dominican           CENTRAL ASIA                  Former
   Angola                   Rep.                (EECA)                         Yugoslav
   Benin                   Grenada               Armenia2                    Republic of
   Botswana                Guyana                Azerbaijan2                 Macedonia
   Burkina-Faso            Haiti                 Belarus2                    (FYROM)***
   Burundi                 Jamaica               Georgia2                   Montenegro
   Cameroon                Saint Kitts and       Kazakhstan                 Serbia3
   Cape Verde               Nevis                 Kyrgyz                -------------------------
   Central African         Saint Lucia            Republic              *In    the « Specific
    Republic                                                              international
                            Saint Vincent         Moldova2              cooperation actions»,
   Chad                     and Grenadines        Russia1**             Africa can also be
   Comoros                 Suriname              Tajikistan            considered as a region
   Congo                   Trinidad and          Turkmenistan          on its own, while the
    (Republic)               Tobago                Ukraine1,2            Caribbean      countries
   Congo                                          Uzbekistan            can also participate
    (Democratic          - PACIFIC                                        with Latin American
    Rep. of)                Cook Islands        LATIN AMERICA            and      the     Pacific
   Côte d’Ivoire           Timor Leste                                  countries with Asia.
                                                   Argentina1
   Djibouti                Fiji                  Bolivia               **For participation in
   Equatorial              Kiribati              Brazil1**             the            « Specific
    Guinea                  Marshall              Chile1                international
   Eritrea                  Islands                                      cooperation      actions»
                                                   Colombia
   Ethiopia                Micronesia,                                  each of Brazil, China,
                                                   Costa Rica
   Gabon                    Federal States of                            India and Russia may
                                                   Ecuador
   Gambia                  Nauru                                        be            considered
                                                   El Salvador           individually as a region
   Ghana                   Niue
                                                   Guatemala             on its own. Thus, the
   Guinea                  Palau
                                                   Honduras              required 2 or more
   Guinea-Bissau           Papua New
                                                   Mexico1               partners can be located
   Kenya                    Guinea                                       in these countries.
                                                   Nicaragua
   Lesotho                 Solomon                                      However, in this case,
                                                   Panama
   Liberia                  Islands                                      at least 2 different
                                                   Paraguay
   Madagascar              Tonga                                        partners from different
                                                   Peru
   Malawi                  Tuvalu                                       provinces,        oblasts,
                                                   Uruguay               republics or states
   Mali                    Vanuatu
                                                   Venezuela             within Brazil, China,
   Mauritania              Samoa
                                                                          India or Russia are
   Mauritius                                    MEDITERRANEAN            necessary.
   Mozambique           ASIA
                            Afghanistan         PARTNER
   Namibia                                      COUNTRIES (MPC 2         *** On 16/12/2005 the
   Niger                   Bangladesh                                   Former        Yugoslav
                                                   Algeria
   Nigeria                 Bhutan                                       Republic of Macedonia
                            Burma/                Egypt1
   Rwanda                                                                (FYROM) became a
                             Myanmar               Jordan                Candidate      Country.
   Sao Tome and
                            Cambodia              Lebanon               FYROM is not an
    Principe                                       Libya                 associated country to
   Senegal                 China1**
                                                   Morocco1              FP7 and thus remains a
   Seychelles              India1**                                     target    country   for
                                                   Palestinian-
   Sierra Leone            Indonesia                                    International
                                                    administered
   Somalia                 Iran                                         Cooperation Specific
                                                    areas
   South Africa1           Iraq                                         Actions.
                                                   Syrian Arab
   Sudan                   Lao People's
                                                    Rep.
   Swaziland                Democratic
   Tanzania                 Republic              Tunisia1
   Togo                    Malaysia
                                                 WESTERN
   Uganda                  Maldives
                                                 BALKAN
   Zambia                  Mongolia
                                                 COUNTRIES
   Zimbabwe                Nepal
                                                 (WBC)
                            Oman                  Albania
- CARIBBEAN                 Pakistan
   Barbados                Philippines
   Belize                  Sri Lanka           2
                            Thailand               These countries are
                                                                          3
                            Vietnam             also part of the           Including Kosovo as
1
  Signed an agreement                            European                 defined by UNSC
                            Yemen
with the EC covering                             Neighborhood Policy      resolution 1244 of 10
Science & Technology                             (ENP).                   June 1999



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                        Annex 2 - Eligibility and Evaluation Criteria for Proposals

Eligibility criteria

A proposal will only be considered eligible if it meets all of the following conditions:

             It is received by the Commission before the deadline given in the call text.

             It involves at least the minimum number of participants given in the call text.

             It is complete (i.e. both the requested administrative forms and the proposal description are present)

             The content of the proposal relates to the topic(s) and funding scheme(s), including any special
              conditions, set out in those parts of the relevant work programme

Other eligibility criteria may be given in the call text.

Evaluation criteria

The evaluation criteria against which research proposals will be judged are set out in article 15 of the Rules for
Participation. For the 'Cooperation' specific programme these are:

        scientific and/or technological excellence;
        relevance to the objectives of these specific programmes21;
        the potential impact through the development, dissemination and use of project results;
        the quality and efficiency of the implementation and management.

Within this framework, the work programmes will specify the evaluation and selection criteria and may add
additional requirements, weightings and thresholds, or set out further details on the application of the criteria.

The purpose of this annex is to set out such specifications. Unless otherwise indicated in the relevant parts of
this work programme, the criteria, weightings and thresholds given here will apply to all calls for proposals.

Proposals will be evaluated in line with the Commission rules on proposal submission, evaluation, selection and
award22.

A proposal which contravenes fundamental ethical principles, fails to comply with the relevant security
procedures, or which does not fulfil any other of the conditions set out in the specific programme, the work
programme or in the call for proposals shall not be selected. Such a proposal may be excluded from the
evaluation, selection and award procedures at any time.

The arrangements for a particular call will be set out in the relevant Guide for Applicants.



21
   Relevance: A proposal may be partially relevant if it addresses only marginally the topic(s) of the call, or if only part of the
proposal addresses them. Such conditions will be reflected in the evaluation of the first criterion (‘S/T excellence’). The degree to
which a proposal is relevant to the objectives of a call will be reflected in the evaluation of the third criterion ("impact"). Proposals
that are clearly not relevant to a call ("out of scope"), will be rejected on eligibility grounds before the evaluation.
22
   [reference]

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                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP




                       1. Scientific and/or             2. Quality and efficiency of               3. The potential impact
                          technological                the implementation and the                        through the
                            excellence                         management                               development,
                             (award)                             (selection)                       dissemination and use
                                                                                                      of project results
                                                                                                           (award)


All funding            Soundness of concept,             Appropriateness of the                     Contribution, at the
                        and quality of objectives          management structure and                    European [and/or
schemes                                                    procedures                                  international level], to the
                                                                                                       expected impacts listed in
                                                          Quality and relevant experience of          the work programme under
                                                           the individual participants                 relevant topic/activity

Collaborative          Progress beyond the               Quality of the consortium as a             Appropriateness of
                        state-of-the-art                   whole (including complementarity,           measures for the
projects                                                   balance)                                    dissemination and/or
                       Quality and effectiveness         Appropriateness of the allocation           exploitation of project
                        of the S/T methodology             and justification of the resources to       results, and management of
                        and associated work plan           be committed (budget, staff,                intellectual property.
                                                           equipment)

Networks of            Contribution to long-term         Quality of the consortium as a             Appropriateness of
                        integration of high quality        whole (including ability to tackle          measures for spreading
Excellence              S/T research                       fragmentation of the research field,        excellence, exploiting
                                                           and commitment towards a deep               results, and disseminating
                       Quality and effectiveness          and durable institutional                   knowledge, through
                        of the joint programme of          integration)                                engagement with
                        activities and associated                                                      stakeholders and the public
                        work plan                         Adequacy of resources for                   at large.
                                                           successfully carrying out the joint
                                                           programme of activities

Co-        CA              Contribution to the           Quality of the consortium as a             Appropriateness of
                            co-ordination of high          whole (including complementarity,           measures for spreading
ordination                  quality research               balance) [for SA: only if relevant]         excellence, exploiting
& support                                                                                              results, and dissemination
actions                     Quality and                  Appropriateness of the allocation           knowledge, through
                             effectiveness of the          and justification of the resources to       engagement with
                             co-ordination                 be committed (budget, staff,                stakeholders, and the public
                             mechanisms, and               equipment)                                  at large.
                             associated work plan
              SA       Quality and effectiveness
                        of the support action
                        mechanisms, and
                        associated work plan

Research for           Innovative character in           Quality of the consortium as a             Appropriateness of
                        relation to the state-of-the       whole (including complementarity            measures envisaged for the
the benefit of          artt                               and balance)                                dissemination and/or
specific                                                                                               exploitation of project
groups                 Contribution to                   Appropriateness of the allocation           results, and management of
                        advancement of                     and justification of the resources to       intellectual property
                        knowledge / technological          be committed (budget, staff,
                        progress                           equipment)

                       Quality and effectiveness
                        of S/T methodology and
                        associated work plan
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                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP




Notes:



   1. Evaluation scores will be awarded for each of the three criteria, and not for the sub-criteria. Each criterion will be
      scored out of 5. No weightings will apply. The threshold for individual criteria will be 3. The overall threshold,
      applying to the sum of the three individual scores, will be 10.

   2. The second column corresponds to the selection criteria in the meaning of the financial regulation [ref] (article
      115). They also will be the basis for assessing the 'operational capacity' of participants. The remaining criteria and
      sub-criteria correspond to the award criteria.

   3. For the evaluation of first-stage proposals under a two-stage submission procedure, only the sub-criteria in italics
      apply.




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     Annex 3 - Forms of Grant and Maximum Reimbursement Rates for Projects Funded
                        Through the Cooperation Work Programme
Forms of Grant

The FP7 'Rules for Participation' propose three potential forms of grant for the Community financial
contribution: reimbursement of eligible costs, flat rate financing including scale of unit costs, and lump sum
financing. In this work programme, for all funding schemes, the reimbursement of eligible costs (including the
different options for flat rates on indirect costs as established in Article 32 of the Rules for Participation) will be
the only form of grant used.

Two exceptions to this will apply. Pursuant to Article 30 of the Rules for Participation, participants from
international cooperation partner countries (see Annex 1) may choose to opt for lump sum financing.

In addition, the Community financial contribution to ERA-NET PLUS actions may combine the reimbursement
of eligible costs with flat rates, in accordance with Annex 4 point 2.2.2.. Further information on this is given in
the ERA-NET Guides for Applicants.

Maximum Reimbursement Rates

The upper limits foreseen in the Rules for Participation (Article 33) for the Community financial contribution
are summarised in the following table.

                                      Non-profit public bodies,                 All other organisations
                                   secondary and higher education
                                      establishments, research
                                      organisations and SMEs
 Research and                                   75%                                       50%23
 technological
 development activities
 Demonstration activities                         50%                                     50%
 Coordination and support                        100%24                                  100%2
 actions
 Management,         audit                        100%                                    100%
 certificates and other
 activities25




23
   For security related research and technological development activities, (Chapter 10 of this work programme) the Community
financial contribution may reach a maximum of 75% in the case of the development of capabilities in domains with very limited
market size and a risk of 'market failure' and for accelerated equipment development in response to new threats. Further information
is given in Chapter 10.
24
   For ERA-NET PLUS actions the specific conditions as set out above apply.
25
   Including, inter alia training in actions that do not fall under the funding schemes for training and career development of
researchers, coordination, networking and dissemination (as set out in Article 33(4) of the Rules for Participation).

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Annex 4 - General Activities

In this annex, the activities which are funded across the Programme are presented. These activities concern in
particular the following:

Dissemination, knowledge transfer and broader engagement

      1. The CORDIS services

Co-ordination of non-Community research programmes

      2.   The horizontal ERA-NET scheme
      3.   Research organisations in the EU
      4.   Strengthened coordination with EUREKA
      5.   Scientific and technological cooperation activities carried out in COST

Risk-Sharing Finance Facility

      6. Contribution to the European Investment Bank (EIB)


A4. 1 THE CORDIS SERVICES

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and
transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported for all thematic areas. This will be
implemented by means of CORDIS, a portal for "Community Research and Development Information Service,
which will provide services to foster the dissemination of knowledge and the exploitation of research results.
The costs for these activities, which are listed below, for 2007 will be a maximum of 7 million €26. The
activities will be implemented through an administrative arrangement with the Office for Official Publications
of the European Communities (OPOCE).

The description below is indicative. The precise content will be further negotiated and laid down in Service
Level Agreement(s) to be agreed upon before 1 January 2007.

The CORDIS activities for the Framework Programmes will be:

          CORDIS Online (editorial, news, promotion)

               o Setting-up the Europa CORDIS site, focusing on all activities of the Framework Programmes.

               o Editorial support (e.g. animation, coordination, guidance) to Information Providers from the
                 various EU services funded by the Framework Programmes to populate and update the CORDIS
                 information services.

               o Editorial activities to inform on the implementation of the Framework Programmes, in particular
                 the launch of the first calls for proposals.


26
     To be taken from the Themes in the Co-operation Programme on a pro-rata basis.

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       o Daily production of CORDIS news (average of six per day) on events, information relating to
         the Framework Programmes (e.g. call for proposals).

       o Editorial support (e.g. animation, coordination, guidance) toward national and regional contact
         points (cf. ERA links, ERAwatch, NCP – National contact points) of the Framework
         Programmes.

       o Governance via editorial committees and advisory groups.

       o Promotion and marketing activities of the CORDIS services in various conferences, exhibitions
         and official events focusing on R&D.

   Publications (CORDIS Focus, news and supplements)

       o Production of the CORDIS Focus bulletin:

                 CORDIS Focus News : monthly editions in six languages

                 CORDIS Focus Results supplement: 10 editions in one language

                 CORDIS Focus – Thematic supplement: 10 editions in appropriate number of languages
                  (up to six) according to target audience

                 CORDIS Focus – SME supplement: two editions in six languages

       o Printing and dissemination to subscribers, including management of distribution list, user
         surveys (dissemination mainly using CORDIS electronic notification service, print on demand
         and cost recovery for additional copies).

       o Production of posters, flyers, and factsheets.

   Value added information services for the Framework Programmes

       o Corrective and evolutive maintenance of the core services offered as part of CORDIS for
         supporting the Framework Programmes:

                 Front end for the Framework Programme expert registration system

                 Front end to the Framework Programme call and management services

                 Front end to Framework Programme preparation of proposals and their submission

                 Web content management environment for empowerment of Information Providers

                 News, News Express, Events, press releases, and CORDIS wire

                 Online Forum

                 RAPIDUS and electronic notification system

                 Data warehouse containing public project data (contacts, project titles and abstracts,
                  partners, public results, and acronyms) regularly fed from a unique data provider
                  (eventually the FP7 common data warehouse)


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                  Archives

                  RSS and web services for syndication with upstream and downstream partners

                  Search engine, improvement of search strategies, display, accessibility and handling of
                   results

       o Improved ergonomics, accessibility (e.g. WAI compliance) and usability of the CORDIS
         website.

   EU Bookshop - CORDIS (Collection of EU funded R&D reports and publications)

       o Collection of R&D reports and publications; for FP7 this is subject to model grant agreement
         provisions.

       o Catalogue and production of bibliographical notices for each R&D report and publication.

       o Upload of resulting notices and publications in the EU Bookshop catalogue and repository.

       o Customise a Corporate EU Bookshop dedicated to R&D reports and publications.

       o Feeding R&D publication records into other electronic dissemination systems.

   Operational service (hosting, monitoring, user support)

       o Hosting the CORDIS website and all associated services, including telecommunication.

       o Monitoring (internal and external) of the CORDIS service to ensure availability, stability,
         performance and security in conformance with CORDIS SLA – Service Level Agreement.

       o Provide user support to end users, information providers and a first level help desk for the
         Framework Programmes.

       o Perform user satisfaction surveys.

       o Provide statistics on usage, response time, availability, and updates, for each of the services
         hosted by CORDIS.



   Integration of Editorial and Framework Programme Back Office:

       o Encompassing all communication content, created by CORDIS, the DGs, their subcontractors
         and project coordinators

       o Allowing this editorial material to be promoted to other sites – both the Directorates General
         own sites and the Thematic Portals to be established on the Europa home page, including the
         SIR portal

       o Ensuring that all 'external' content (e.g. from a Directorate General's own subcontractor) is
         validated by EC staff before publication




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The tentative timetable for calls for tenders is as follows :

- CORDIS Online (editorial, news, promotion)                    Last quarter 2007
- Value added information services for FP7                      Last quarter 2007
- Operational service (hosting, monitoring, user support)       Third quarter 2007




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A4. 2 THE ERA-NET SCHEME
The objective of the ERA-NET scheme is to develop and strengthen the coordination of national and regional
research programmes through two specific actions:
             –      'ERA-NET actions' - which provide a framework for actors implementing public research
                    programmes to step up the coordination of their activities. This will include support for new
                    ERA-NETs as well as for the broadening and deepening of the scope of existing ERA-NETs, e.g.
                    by extending their partnership, as well as opening mutually their programmes;

             –      'ERA-NET Plus actions'- In a limited number of cases, additional EU financial support can be
                    provided to facilitate joint calls for proposals between national and/or regional programmes.

Under the ERA-NET scheme, national and regional authorities identify research programmes they wish to
coordinate or open up mutually. The participants in these actions are therefore programme 'owners' (typically
ministries or regional authorities defining research programmes) or programme 'managers' (such as research
councils or other research funding agencies managing research programmes).

The networking and mutual opening of research programmes require a progressive approach. The ERA-NET
scheme therefore has a long-term perspective and it is flexible in order to allow for the different ways in which
public research funding is organised in different Member or Associated States.

A4.2.1 Approach

As a result of the ERA-NET scheme, concrete progress has been made in reducing fragmentation across the
European Research Area (ERA) during FP6 . All Member and Associated States participate actively in the
scheme:
          Some 70 ERA-NET actions have been funded (through Coordination Actions), involving hundreds of
           national research programmes27.
          These ERA-NET actions cover a large range of research fields such as transport, energy, environment,
           industrial technologies, plant and human health, astrophysics and social sciences. In addition, several
           ERA-NET actions have been set up to address more horizontal topics such as international
           cooperation, SMEs, the promotion of gender balance in research and metrology. [For a full list of
           projects, see http://cordis.europa.eu/coordination/projects.htm].

During 2006, a series of focused workshops gathered representatives of running ERA-NET actions and other
stakeholders. Their reports were instrumental in drawing up this section of the Work Programme. A group of
experts will summarise the main findings and recommendations of these reports in a report to be published by
the end of 2006.




27
      ERA-NET actions cover both national and regional research programmes. To avoid repetition, the term 'national research
     programme' will be used in this section to refer to both national and regional research programmes.

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Under FP7, the ERA-NET scheme is continued and reinforced:
        New ERA-NET actions will be supported;
        Existing ERA-NET actions may re-apply to receive Commission support to expand further and/or
         reinforce their integration.
        In a new module, called "ERA-NET Plus", the Commission will support the organisation of joint calls
         between national research programmes by “topping-up” joint trans-national funding with Community
         funding.

In contrast to FP6, the ERA-NET scheme is no longer a 'stand-alone' action in FP7. It is an implementation
tool, which will be used mainly in the context of the Cooperation specific programme, but also in the Parts of
the Capacities Programme28.

Where the actions are of a horizontal nature or are not directly linked to the Cooperation themes, they will be
supported jointly across all of the themes.


A4.2.2 Content of Calls 2007

Proposals to set up ERA-NET actions may be submitted for any topic relevant to the objectives of the
Framework Programme, provided the criteria to qualify as an ERA-NET action are met. This covers all themes
under the Cooperation and Capacities programmes as well as actions of a horizontal nature, or those not directly
linked to the Cooperation Themes.

Regarding ERA-NET Plus, calls for proposals in 2007 will be limited to activities or topics which are specified
in the Cooperation Programme or in Parts of the Capacities Programme. In preparing the work programme
update for 2008, the possibility for ERA-NET Plus calls to also address activities or topics which are of a
horizontal nature or are not directly linked to any Theme under the Cooperation and Capacities programmes
will be reconsidered.

A single joint call for the ERA-NET scheme is foreseen. This includes two submission routes:
 one for proposals which refer to activities or topics defined for ERA-NETs / ERA-NET 'Plus' in this Work
  Programme (or in the Capacities Work Programme) at the level of its various themes;

 the other is for proposals which address questions of a horizontal nature, or are not directly linked to the
  Cooperation themes (excluding ERA-NET 'Plus' in this case).




28
   Since both the Cooperation and the Capacities Specific Programmes foresee the use of ERA-NET / ERA-NET Plus, 'Cooperation
 themes' will be used in this Work Programme to cover themes in the Cooperation and Parts of the Capacities Specific Programmes.


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A4.2.2.1 Activity: ERA-NET actions (Topic ERANET.2007.1)

Eligibility / Funding Scheme

The aim of ERA-NET actions is to network research programmes carried out at national or regional level, with
a view to their mutual opening and the development and implementation of joint activities

"Research programmes carried out at national or regional level” refers to entire research programmes, parts of
such programmes or similar initiatives. Such programmes shall have all of the following characteristics:

a) be strategically planned (i.e. be composed of number of research projects focused on a defined subject area
or set of problems, that are scheduled to run for a set period of time and that have a co-ordinated management);
and

b) be carried out at national or regional level; and

c) either be financed or managed directly by national or regional public bodies, or by structures (e.g. agencies)
closely related to, or mandated by, public authorities.

Activities under the ERA-NET scheme will be established by means of Coordination and Support Actions
(CSA). In contrast to FP6, specific support actions to prepare for full ERA-NET actions will not be available.
However, Cooperation Themes may call for specific supporting CSAs to prepare ERA-NET proposals for well
defined topics.

The Community contribution shall take the form of a grant consisting of a reimbursement of the eligible costs
related to the action.

The minimum number of participants in an ERA-NET consortium is three independent legal entities which
finance or manage publicly funded national or regional programmes. Each of these must established in a
different Member State or Associated country.

Eligible partners for ERA-NET actions are:
      Programme owners: typically national ministries/regional authorities responsible for defining, financing
       or managing research programmes carried out at national or regional level.
      Programme 'managers' (such as research councils or funding agencies) or other national or regional
       organisations that implement research programmes under the supervision of the programme owners.
      Programme owners (typically national ministries/regional authorities) which do not have a running or
       fully fledged research programme at the moment of submitting an ERA-NET proposal, but which are
       planning, and have committed, to set up such a programme, are also eligible if their participation is well
       justified and adds value to the overall programme coordination. As such, countries or regions which
       have less diverse research programmes (in particular new Member States and candidate associated
       countries) will find their involvement in the ERA-NET scheme greatly facilitated.


Please note that research organisations or universities which are not programme owners or managers are not
eligible partners for ERA-NET actions.

In addition, other private legal entities (e.g. charities) which manage research programmes may participate if
their participation is well justified and adds value to the overall programme coordination.

Participants are encouraged, as appropriate, to adopt a global approach in their proposals, involving also non-
European research programmes in the activities undertaken by ERA-NET actions.


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        Sole participants (as referred to in Article 10 of the Rules for Participation) may be eligible if the above-
        mentioned specific criteria for eligible ERA-NET partners are respected. A sole participant shall
        explicitly indicate which of his 'members' forming a sole legal entity, is either a programme owner or
        programme manager in the proposed action and indicate for these members, the respective
        national/regional programmes which are at the disposal of the proposed ERA-NET action.


Technical content/scope

ERA-NET actions can cover the networking of national research programmes in all fields of science and
technology, including multi- and trans-disciplinary fields of research.

The networking of programmes may involve several levels of cooperation and coordination, depending on the
degree of maturity of the network. The use of the ERA-NET scheme should make this evolution possible and
should be respectful of a step-by-step approach.

In this respect, a four step approach covering the following activities could be envisaged:

(1) information exchange;
(2) Definition and preparation of joint activities;
(3) Implementation of joint activities;
(4) Funding of joint trans-national research.

ERA-NET actions should be ambitious and should aim to reach level 4. They should result in concrete progress
towards the opening up of, or cooperation between, the participating research programmes. The cooperation
should be sustained, such that it will continue beyond the duration of the ERA-NET action itself. To ensure
this:

       ERA-NETs launched under FP6 wishing to submit a new proposal under FP7 must include a strong
        coordination action, directly focusing on steps 3 and 4. As such, these proposals shall aim to broaden
        the partnership and/or deepen the coordination between the relevant national programmes in the
        concerned field. In particular, a global approach including non-European research programmes is
        encouraged.
       New ERA-NET actions, which address topics that were not covered in FP6, should address steps 1 to
        3 as a minimum, but are encouraged to aim at the 'four step approach' described above.


Activities funded

Activities eligible for funding correspond to the four steps identified in the 'technical content/scope section
above. More specifically, these include:

(i) Information exchange

This steps aims to gather information on the structure and programmes covered by each national research
system. It could also improve communication, develop better reciprocal knowledge and promote trust-building
among programme owners or managers in similar scientific and technological areas through a mutual learning
process, and the systematic exchange of information and good practices.

(ii) Definition and preparation of joint activities

This key part of the action should analyse the information gathered in step 1 and identify the type of
cooperation and the areas which will be addressed.

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This step should aim to actively prepare and define activities under steps 3 and 4.

It should result in an Action plan, which sets out common strategic issues and prepares for a concrete
implementation of joint activities.

(iii) Implementation of joint activities

Experience from FP6 has shown that much of the added value in co-ordinating national programmes is gained
by trying to implement joint activities, even if in a pilot form.

ERA-NET actions are therefore encouraged to develop and implement, from an early stage in the project,
common, joint, strategic activities such as:

- Clustering of nationally-funded research projects, to develop complementarities or mutual reinforcement of
ongoing nationally-funded research programmes.

- Multinational project evaluation procedures (common evaluation criteria and methods of implementation).
This could contribute in the long-term to the integration of evaluation practices across national research systems
(covering proposal, project and programme evaluation).

- Schemes for joint training activities, such as co-supervised theses and international PhD schemes, to help
support a wider cooperation in research.

- Schemes for the mutual opening of facilities or laboratories in one country for scientists from another.
- Converging schemes for programme monitoring and evaluation, including joint monitoring or evaluation.
- Schemes for personnel exchange, in the context of the above activities.
- Specific cooperation agreements or arrangements between participating programmes. These would prepare the
ground for further trans-national research programmes and ensure that legal barriers are removed.




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(iv) Funding of joint trans-national research

The strongest form of programme networking implies the funding and implementation of a joint programme of
trans-national research projects or actions. This is likely to involve the setting-up of a common strategy, a joint
work programme, common (mutually open) or joint calls for proposals or tenders, a common trans-national
evaluation system and a common plan for dissemination of results or experiences. In such schemes, projects
funded out of a common or joint call for proposals should involve at least two teams from two different
countries.

In this step, other ways of implementing joint research actions could also be developed or explored. For
example, a complex or very ambitious research agenda could be divided in various parts, which are each
addressed through differentiated national calls. Results would then be shared.


Expected Impact

The ERA-NET scheme aims to reduce the fragmentation of the European Research Area by increasing
coordination between national research programmes across the EU Member and Associated States.

ERA-NET actions allow Member States and Associated states to avoid overlap between their programmes and
to develop expertise from mutual learning.
In general, ERA-NET actions should not cover very limited research areas. They should not overlap with other
ongoing ERA-NET actions or create further fragmentation. Complementarities to, or coordination with FP7
activities should be ensured where possible.

ERA-NET actions will result in concrete co-operation between research programmes, such as their networking,
their mutual opening and the development and implementation of joint programmes and activities.

The scheme will also enable national or regional systems to collectively take on tasks that they would not have
been able to tackle independently.

ERA-NET actions are expected to have a lasting impact. The co-operation developed should provide reliable
indications that it could continue beyond the Community funding.

Furthermore, it would be an advantage if the lessons learnt and knowledge gathered are disseminated in the
European Research Area with a particular focus on new Member States.

In addition to the general impact described above, more specific expected benefits of ERA-NET actions
include:

      Achieving critical mass, to ensure the better use of scarce resources;
      Joining forces to provide common answers to common research problems;
      Addressing global issues, common to many EU Member or Associated States;
      Addressing specific geographical issues common to a number of EU Member or Associated States;
      Developing common governance principles (e.g. with respect to ethics, good practices);
      Bring together national programmes which deal with cooperation with third countries, and enable them
       to speak with a 'single voice';
      Adopt a global approach, including non-European research programmes, to the activities covered by
       ERA-NET actions.


A4.2.2.2 Activity : ERA-NET PLUS actions

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Under ERA-NET Plus actions, the Commission provides an incentive to the organisation of joint calls between
national or regional research programmes by 'topping-up' joint trans-national funding with Community funding.

These actions require programme owners or programme managers from at least 5 different Member or
Associated States to plan a single joint call with a clear financial commitment from the participating national or
regional research programmes.


Technical content/scope

A joint call will be organised, common to ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus actions.

In 2007, ERA-NET Plus proposals may be submitted only to the predefined topics for ERA-NET Plus in the
Cooperation specific programme or in Parts of the Capacities Programme.


Funding Scheme

As for ERA-NET actions, ERA-NET Plus actions will be supported through Coordination and Support Actions.

The Community will top up the total of the national contributions to the joint call with additional funding for
RTD activities. The Community contribution will be limited to a maximum of 1/3 of the total contributions to
the joint call budget (i.e. if an action plans a joint call for 9 M€, national programmes must commit at least 6
M€. If the proposal is selected, the Commission will award up to 3 M€ to also cover eligible coordination
costs). The combined national/regional and Community contributions to the joint calls have to exceed 5 M€.

The Community will also financially support the activities linked to the preparation and the coordination of the
joint call29. This support should be a limited part of the Commission grant mentioned above.

The Community contribution shall take the form of a grant, which will combine the reimbursement of eligible
costs (covering the activities linked to the preparation and coordination of the joint call) with a flat rate (topping
up the joint call budget). The total duration of a given ERA-NET Plus action and of the resulting projects
should normally not exceed 5 years.

Specific Eligibility criteria for ERA-NET Plus actions

ERA-NET Plus proposals must meet the following eligibility criteria:
        a single joint call should be planned with a clear financial commitment from the participating national or
         regional programmes30;
        eligible participants are the same as for ERA-NET actions with the exception that, programme owners
         which do not have yet a running or fully fledged research programme at the moment of submitting a
         proposal, are not eligible for ERA-NET Plus actions. Furthermore, a consortium must include
         programme owners or programme managers from at least 5 different Member or Associated States;
        the same additional participants as for ERA-NET actions are eligible, beyond the number of 5 minimum
         programme owners or managers;
        the total planned budget of the joint call shall have a minimum financial volume of 5 million €;


29
  NB : No further supporting cost will be eligible once a "selection decision" has been taken by the consortium as a result of the joint
 call.
30
  Proposals must demonstrate that national research programmes are committed to support the call. Selected proposals will have to
 provide evidence that a commitment has been made by the relevant research programmes.

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      a common peer review mechanism for evaluating the proposals submitted to the joint call shall be
       foreseen;
      each project financed out of the joint call shall be trans-national (i.e. minimum of two partners from
       different countries);
      a fixed common set of general evaluation/selection criteria (excellence, European added value, etc.)
       should be part of the common evaluation criteria of the joint call organised by the national
       programmes.

Detailed rules for participation in the funded trans-national projects shall be defined by the call organisers
themselves (e.g. participating national programmes).


Special cases : ERA-NET Plus in the field of Metrology and Baltic sea research

The Commission will provide its financial support to EURAMET (the legal entity to be set up for the
implementation of an ERA-NET Plus action in the field of Metrology) in order to bridge the gap between the
"iMERA" ERA-NET project and a joint European research and development programme in the field of
Metrology (the science of measurement) to be implemented on the basis of Article 169 of the Treaty.

The Commission will also provide a financial support to BONUS (Baltic Organisations Network for Funding
Science EEIG - the legal entity to be set up for the implementation of the ERA-NET Plus action in the field of
Baltic Sea Research) in order to bridge the gap between the "BONUS" ERA-NET project and a joint European
programme in the field of Baltic Sea research to be implemented on the basis of Article 169 of the Treaty.

This support will be provided in the form of two Coordination and Support Actions to be implemented in
accordance with Article 14a of the Rules for participation and dissemination of the Seventh Framework
Programme:
 A Community grant to the ERA-NET Plus in the field of Metrology will be 21 million €, to be committed in
  2007. This financial support will be provided through a grant which will be paid on the basis of a grant
  agreement between the Commission and EURAMET (the legal entity to be set up for the implementation of
  ERA-NET Plus project in the field of Metrology).

 A Community grant to the ERA-NET Plus in the field of Baltic sea research will be 9 million €, to be
  committed in 2007. This financial support will be provided through a grant which will be paid on the basis of
  a grant agreement between the Commission and BONUS (Baltic Organisations Network for Funding
  Science EEIG - the legal entity to be set up for the implementation of ERA-NET Plus project in the field of
  Baltic sea research).

These actions will be subject to the same eligibility and evaluation rules mentioned for ERA-NET Plus
activities in this annex.


Expected Impact

ERA-NET Plus actions aim to facilitate the launching of joint calls for proposals between EU Member or
Associated states, based on its European added value. In special cases, they may also facilitate the transition of
an ERA-NET towards an Article 169 initiative, where the criteria for the latter are met.

The EU added value will be a critical criterion to evaluate the impact of ERA-NET Plus actions and will
depend on the area/topic covered by the research programmes participating in the joint call. Therefore the
following criteria should help to identify the impact of ERA-NET Plus actions offering best prospects for
sufficient European added value:

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 Relevance to EU objectives: The field of the potential topic should be of major interest for the Community
  as a whole.

 Framework Programme relevance: As regards 'objective': Demonstration that an ERA-NET Plus action
  in that topic shall allow the Community to reach one of its objectives: enhance coordination of national
  programmes. As regards “content”: The field of the potential topic shall be covered by the Framework
  Programme both in terms of scientific content and of budget allocation.

 Pre-existing basis: The ERA-NET Plus action should build on a pre-existing basis or coordination
  experience between national programmes in the topic identified.

 Critical mass: ERA-NET Plus actions will enable national programmes to address together with the
  Community programmes research areas, that due to the nature of the field are better addressed jointly or
  fields which would/could not have been addressed independently.

 Instrument relevance: Demonstration that ERA-NET Plus is the most appropriate instrument to allow the
  achievement of the Framework Programme goals in terms of non Community programme coordination (i.e.:
  avoiding fragmentation, etc.). Demonstration that implementing an ERA-NET Plus action in a given field is
  more appropriate to coordination goals than other FP7 funding


ERA-NET Plus actions are expected, where appropriate, to facilitate the development of a more global
approach to the topics addressed, involving also non European research programme.

ERA-NET Plus actions are expected to have a lasting impact. The co-operation developed should provide
reliable indications that it could continue beyond the joint call supported by the Community funding.


A4.2.3: Support for programme coordination and cooperation in the context of the European Research
Area.
The main objective of the ERA-NET scheme is to contribute, by both structuring effects and economies of
scale, to the development and growth of the European Research Area (ERA). This further development of ERA
is expected to greatly benefit from facilitating measures with and between relevant organisations, which are the
natural interlocutors for the coordination and cooperation of non-Community research programmes. To meet
this objective, a limited number of studies, conferences, workshops, etc. will be supported through relevant
calls for proposals, or calls for tenders as required.

For 2007 the following calls for proposals and calls for tenders are foreseen:

A4.2.3.1 Call for tenders for studies analysing the contribution to, and expected impact on, ERA
resulting from the ERA-NET scheme

Expected impact
To use the results and findings from the ERA-NET scheme and resulting activities (e.g. joint calls, joint
exploitation of the achievements of projects eventually selected through the scheme) in defining new research
policy objectives and intermediate performance targets for FP7.
Scope
Analyse the contribution of the ERA-NET scheme and resulting activities (e.g. joint calls) to the development
and growth of the European Research Area, with a particular focus on:
 Developing common, trans-national research programmes.



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 Developing common practices for the governance and the management of national/regional research
  programmes.
 Facilitating the mobility of EU researchers and programme managers across EU and associated countries.
 Designing common strategies for the exploitation of project-derived achievements and assistance to spin-
  offs.
 Moving the ERA towards integration and/or differentiation of research agendas
 Bringing European research closer to policy-makers across all organisational levels (local, regional,
  national, Community, international).

The call for tenders will define the objectives, and possibly entities admitted to tenders, in detail.
Funding scheme: Purchase of services and/or goods via Coordination and Support actions
Budget for A4.2.3.1: 0.6 Million €




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A4.2.3.2 Call for proposals for well targeted conferences and other support actions reviewing the process
of research programme integration (Topic ERANET.2007.2)

Expected impact
The selected conferences and other support actions will provide an opportunity for the main public actors
engaged in designing and deploying the broad structures and functions supporting the ERA to meet. This could
include events focussing on progress reviews as well as those focusing on the creation of added value from
inter-governmental cooperation in research via the coordination, cooperation and integration of national and/or
regional programmes.
Scope
Support for conferences, seminars, coordination and cooperation activities and other support actions which aim
to promote the roles of national and regional actors in building the ERA. Only events and actions designed to
deliver clear and usable results to further support policy-making in the context of ERA may be considered.
Proposals must be of a horizontal nature (i.e. cutting across several themes in the Cooperation Specific
Programme or Parts of the Capacities Programme), or not directly linked to the themes.
Funding scheme: Coordination and Support Actions. The planned event should be at least 6 months after the
closing date of the call in order to allow sufficient time to complete all procedures for the funding to be in
place.
Open in call: FP7-ERANET- 2007- RTD
Budget for A4.2.3.2: 0.4 Million €




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                                                 CALL FICHE

Call title: ERA-NET / ERA-NET PLUS Call 2007
Call identifier: FP7-ERANET-2007-RTD
 Date of publication: 22 December 2006
 Closure date: 31/7/07
Indicative budget for 2007:

   An overall budget of up to 45.4 M€ (inclusive of theme-linked, horizontal or indirectly linked activities) is
   foreseen for the joint ERA-NET call. It will cover two types of activities/topics.

1. A total of 10.4 M€ is foreseen for actions of a horizontal nature or not directly linked to cooperation themes,
to be apportioned between ERA-NET (10.0 M€) earmarked for proposals of a horizontal nature or not directly
linked to cooperation themes and for Conferences/Support Actions (0.4 M€).

              Table 1: Actions of a horizontal nature or not directly linked to cooperation themes
      Activity/ Area                                    Topics called             Funding Schemes
                                                                                  and Budget
      A4.2.2.1 ERA-NET actions                 Topic ERANET.2007.1                 Coordination     and
                                               ERA-NET proposals referring to Support           Actions
                                               thematic priorities or of a (Coordinating)
                                               horizontal nature (i.e. cutting
                                               across several themes in the 10 M€
                                               Cooperation               Specific
                                               Programme       or     Parts    in
                                               Capacities), or not directly
                                               linked to Cooperation Themes.
      A4.2.3.2 Conferences        and    other Topic ERANET.2007.2                 Coordination     and
      support actions                          Support actions reviewing the support            actions
                                               process of research programme (Supporting)
                                               integration being of a horizontal
                                               nature (i.e. cutting across 0.4 M€
                                               several     themes      in    the
                                               Cooperation               Specific
                                               Programme       or     Parts    in
                                               Capacities), or not directly
                                               linked to Cooperation Themes




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                                 FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

2. A sum of up to 34 M€ is foreseen in this joint call for ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus actions identified by
cooperation themes in this workprogramme.

                Table2 – Overview of Activities and Topics mentioned in Cooperation Themes
                         which are part of the FP7-ERANET-2007 –RTD joint call.
  THEME/Activity       Topic identifier                 TITLE                    Budget
                COOPERATION SPECIFIC PROGRAMME                                    (M€)
1. HEALTH
1.2.4. Other major    HEALTH-2007 ERA-NET for optimisation of use of
                                                                                    2
diseases              B-1.2.4.1.5 Cancer Register
2. KBBE
                                  ERA-NET for Coordination of
2.1.2. Sustainability KBBE-2007
                                  Agricultural Research in the                      1
& plant health        1.2.07
                                  Mediterranean
                                  ERA-NET for Coordination of
2.1.3. Optimised      KBBE-2007
                                  European research in the area of                  1
animal welfare        1.3.02
                                  animal health
4. NMP
                      NMP-2007    ERA-NET-Plus project on basic
4.1.5 Nanosciences                                                                  8
                      4.1.1-5     research in nanosciences.
4.4.1 NMP - Cross-    NMP-2007                                                    Up to
                                  ERA –NET on Construction
sectoral applications 4.4.7                                                        2.5
5. ENERGY
                                  Stepping up the cooperation of
5.7 Smart Energy      ENERGY-     national and regional research
Network               2007 7.3.3  activities on Smart Power Grids
                                  (ERA-NET).
                                  Optimise EU action through a better
                                                                                  Up to
5.10 Horizontal       ENERGY-     coordination of the international
                                                                                   7.5
Programme Actions     2007 10.0.3 cooperation initiatives of the EU and
                                  Member States (ERA-NET).
                                  Fostering coordination between natio-
5.10 Horizontal       ENERGY-
                                  nal and European energy RTD stra-
Programme Actions     2007 10.0.4
                                  tegies and programmes (ERA-NET).
6. ENVIRONMENT (Including Climate Change)
6.1.2 Environment     ENV-2007
                                  ERA-NET for environment and health
and Health            1.2.3.1
6.3.2. Protection,
                                                                                 Up to 4
Conservation and      ENV-2007    ERA-NET for the preservation of the
enhancement in        3.2.2.1     tangible cultural heritage
cultural heritage
7. TRANSPORT (Including Aeronautics)
7.2.6 Cross-cutting SST-2007 ERA-NET Transport II, Surface
                                                                                 Up to 3
activities          6.7      transport
8. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SCIENCES AND THE HUMANITIES
                             A limited number of ERA-NET and
8.8. Strategic      SSH-2007
                             ERA-NET Plus actions in all the                        5
Activities          8.8.6
                             Theme



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                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

 Evaluation procedure :
   – The general evaluation criteria and sub-criteria (including weights and thresholds) for the different
     funding schemes are set out in annex 2 to this work programme
   – The evaluation will follow a single stage procedure.
   – Proposals will not be evaluated anonymously.
   – Proposals may be evaluated remotely.

 Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable:
- Evaluation in September 2007
- Opening of negotiations in November 2007
- Selections from January 2008
- Contracts from February 2008

 Consortia agreements:
Consortia Agreements are recommended, particularly for ERANET Plus actions.

 The forms of grant and maximum reimbursement rates which will be offered are specified in Annex 3 to the
  Cooperation work programme.
 Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation:

- The minimum number of participating legal entities required, for all funding schemes, is set out in the Rules
for Participation.

- See parts on eligibility of participants in the description of the activity.

- For the evaluation of ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus proposals, the general criteria and thresholds applicable
to Coordination and Support Actions given in Annex 2, are modified as follows:

   1. Scientific and/or technological excellence - Quality of coordination (Threshold 4/5 instead of 3/5)
    The management should be supported by a suitable governance structure involving the participating
     organisations at an appropriate level.

   2. Quality and efficiency of the implementation (Threshold 3/5)
    In reference to the applicable work programme, does the proposed ERA-NET / ERA-NET Plus action
     pool the necessary resources between national programmes and the Community and does it represent
     the most appropriate type of public funding for this pre-defined area?

   3. Potential impact (Threshold 3/5)
    The participants should be the key actors within their national or regional research systems.
    The ERA-NET activities should lay the foundations for a durable cooperation between the partners
     involved.
    Is there a clearly identified and agreed European added value through a variable geometry approach?
                                                                                               (end of call fiche)
For information purposes, Table 3 below provides an overview of calls for ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus
actions made by other Themes in Cooperation and some Parts in Capacities. Some of these may take
advantage of the evaluation of the joint call foreseen in September 2007 to have a simultaneous evaluation.

             Table 3 – Other Activities and Topics calling for ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus actions
  THEME/Activity               Topic                          TITLE                  Budget
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                               FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

                        identifier
              COOPERATION SPECIFIC PROGRAMME                                 (M€)
        3. ICT
3.6.2: ICT for
                      ICT-2007        ERA-NET in the field of ICT for
Environment &                                                                1.5
                      3.6.2.2         environmental sustainability
energy
  10. SECURITY
10.7 : Security
                      SEC-2007        Transparency and networking amongst
Research                                                                      3
                      7.4             Member States (ERA-NET).
coordination
               CAPACITIES SPECIFIC PROGRAMME                                 (M€)
      1. INFRASTRUCTURE
3. Accompanying    INFRA-2007   ERA-NET supporting cooperation for
                                                                              10
Measures           3.1.1        Research Infrastructures in all S&T fields
       6. INTERNATIONAL
          COOPERATION
                                ERA-NET - Supporting the
3.1 ERA-NET in     INCO-2007    coordination of national policies and
INCO               ERA-NET      activities on international S&T
                                cooperation
                                                                              11
                                ERA-NET Plus - Supporting the
3.2 ERA-NET Plus   INCO-2007    coordination of national policies and
in INCO            ERA-NET Plus activities on international S&T
                                cooperation




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A4.3: SUPPORT FOR COORDINATION AND COOPERATION WITH AND BETWEEN INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND
OTHER HIGH-LEVEL SCIENTIFIC AND RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS IN THE EU, IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ERA.

Intergovernmental organisations which perform and/or fund research (e.g. EIROforum and its Members 31),
cooperation initiatives (e.g. COST, EUREKA), other representative organisations involving networks or
associations of academies or research organisations as well as professional societies 32, are all crucial actors in
the research tissue of the EU. The further development and growth of ERA will therefore require stimulation
and intensification of coordination and cooperation initiatives with and between these relevant organisations.
To meet this objective, support to activities, studies, conferences, workshops, etc. will be supported through
relevant calls for proposals or calls for tender as required.

For 2007: the following calls for proposals and calls for tenders are foreseen:

A4. .3.1 Call for proposals for well targeted conferences and other support actions to support
coordination and cooperation with and between intergovernmental and other high-level scientific and
research organisations in the EU in the context of the ERA.

Call title: Coordination and Cooperation in context of ERA
Call identifier: FP7- ERARESORG- 2007-1-RTD
 Date of publication: 22 December 2006
 Closure date: 31/5/07
Indicative budget for 2007: 200.000,00 €

 Topics called:
        Activity/ Area                                       Topics called                 Funding Schemes
        A4.3.1 Support actions                      Topic ERARES.2007.1               Coordination    and
                                                    Support     for      conferences, Support Actions
                                                    seminars,    coordination    and
                                                    cooperation activities and other
                                                    support actions which have as
                                                    objective to contribute to the
                                                    realisation     and       further
                                                    development of ERA.
 Evaluation procedure :
     – The evaluation criteria and sub-criteria (including weights and thresholds) for the different funding
       schemes are set out in annex 2 to this work programme; modifications are indicated further below in this
       chapter
     – The evaluation will follow a single stage procedure.
     – Proposals will not be evaluated anonymously.
     – Proposals may be evaluated remotely.

 Indicative evaluation and contractual timetable:
- Evaluation in July 2007

31
   EIROforum is the partnership of Europe's seven largest intergovernmental research organisations (CERN, EFDA,EMBL, ESA,
ESO, ESRF, ILL)
32
   Examples of such networks, associations or societies could be EuroHORCS, EARTO, Academia Europa, ALLEA, EARMA, etc.

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                                   FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

- Opening of negotiations in September 2007
- Selections from November 2007
- Contracts from January 2008

 Consortia agreements:
Consortia Agreements are not required


 The forms of grant which will be offered are specified in Annex 3 to the Cooperation work programme.


 Particular requirements for participation, evaluation and implementation:

- See parts on eligibility of participants in the description of the activity under A4.3.1 in the work programme.


- For the evaluation of proposals for these support activities the general criteria and thresholds applicable to
Coordination and Support Actions given in Annex 2, are modified as such :

   1. Scientific and/or technological excellence - Quality of coordination (Threshold 3/5)
    Contribution to the co-ordination of high quality research and the development of ERA
      Quality and effectiveness of the support action mechanisms, and associated work plan

   2. Quality and efficiency of the implementation and the management (Threshold 3/5)
     Appropriateness of the allocation and justification of the resources to be committed (budget, staff,
       equipment)


   3. Potential impact (Threshold 3/5)
   The participants should be the actors at European level.
   The proposals should address structural and strategic issues related to research policy such as governance,
      research management, de-fragmentation of research at European level and other relevant cross-cutting
      issues and to foster actions to strengthen the ERA.
    The support activities should contribute to lay the foundations for a durable cooperation or coordination
     between the partners involved.
    Measures for spreading excellence, exploiting results, and dissemination of knowledge should be
     appropriate for the type of action envisaged.

The overall threshold has to be 10/15.



A4 3.2 Call for tenders for studies to support coordination and cooperation with and between
intergovernmental and other high-level scientific and research organisations in the EU, in the context of
the ERA.

Expected impact
Increase effectiveness and efficiency of cooperation and coordination at EU level, and between the above-
mentioned organisations in the context of a reinforcement of the ERA.
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                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

Scope
These studies will be designed to allow the identification of areas in which cooperation with and between the
above-mentioned organisations might be set up or improved; to identify gaps and bottlenecks in such
collaborations; to develop methodologies of cooperation, etc.
The call for tenders will define the objectives, and possibly entities admitted to tenders, in detail.
Funding scheme: Purchase of services and/or goods via Coordination and Support actions
Budget for A4.3.2 300.000 €
Overall budget for A4.3.1 and A4.3.2: 500.000 €


A4. 4 STRENGTHENED COORDINATION WITH EUREKA

The Specific Cooperation Programme will support coordination activities aimed at increasing
complementarities and synergy between EUREKA and the Framework Programme in areas of common
interest. The Community is a member of EUREKA.

The following activities are foreseen:

        creating and strengthening synergies between the Framework Programme and EUREKA in order to
         carry out initiatives across the full spectrum of the research and innovation cycle in a complementary
         and/or cooperative manner;

        continuing the exchange of technical information, mainly in the stimulation of 'brokerage events',
         notably for the benefit of research and innovation in SMEs and the exchange of expertise in project and
         impact evaluation.

Funding from the Commission (by means of a Coordination and Support Action33) within this Specific
Programme consists of about 2 million € for the duration of the Seventh Framework Programme, as a
contribution to the budget of the EUREKA Secretariat.


A4. 5 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT IN COST

COST is a long-standing, bottom-up mechanism that facilitates coordination and exchanges between nationally
funded scientists and research teams in a variety of research fields. During the Sixth Framework Programme,
COST underwent significant reforms as a result of which it can now contribute cost-effectively to research
coordination within the European Research Area.

The Community’s funding34 to COST under FP7 is specified in the Cooperation Specific Programme, of which
a first instalment of 30 million € is foreseen in 2007. This financial support will be provided through a grant
which will be paid on the basis of a grant agreement between the Commission and the European Science
Foundation, the legal entity designated by COST as its implementing agent and communicated to the
Commission by the General Secretariat of the Council.



33
   A Coordination and Support Action will be implemented in accordance with Article 14a of the Rules for participation
and dissemination of the Seventh Framework Programme.
34
   As Coordination and Support Action to be implemented in accordance with Article 14a of the Rules for participation
and dissemination of the Seventh Framework Programme.
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                                  FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

Reinforced coordination among the activities of the European Science Foundation, COST and the Framework
Programme will also be sought in areas of common interest. The partnership between the Commission and
COST will be further developed.

A4. 6 RISK-SHARING FINANCE FACILITY

In accordance with Annex III of the Specific Programme, the Community will provide a contribution to the
European Investment Bank (EIB). This contribution will contribute to the Community’s objective to foster
private sector investment in research, technological development and demonstration (RTD) as well as
innovation through a Community contribution to a Risk-Sharing Finance Facility (RSFF), a financing
instrument established by the European Investment Bank.

Private investment in research and innovation in Europe is below the level necessary to achieve the ambitions
of the Lisbon agenda and the Barcelona objective. In addition to grants, other mechanisms are being
increasingly used to leverage private investment by firms, to mobilise the financial markets and to diversify
funding sources for European RTD actions.

Improving access to loans for RTD actions requires public support to overcome market deficiencies for the
financing of riskier European RTD actions.

A4.6.1 Approach

The Community will provide a contribution (Coordination and Support Action) to the EIB for RSFF. The Bank
will be the sole beneficiary of this Community action. Pursuant to a decision by the EIB Board of Directors,
endorsed by the Bank’s Governors on 9 June 2006, the EC contribution will be matched by an equivalent
amount from the EIB (up to EUR 1 billion). The Governors approved the immediate appropriation from the
Bank’s surplus of EUR 250 million for RSFF operations.

In accordance with this Work Programme part, the Commission and the EIB will conclude an Agreement,
defining terms and conditions related to RSFF and, in particular, to the use of the Community contribution in
RSFF.

As the interest builds up and financing applications emerge, the EIB will launch the appraisal of potential
projects according to its usual rules and criteria.

International Co-operation

In accordance with the provisions of the Specific Programme, the EIB may only use the Community
contribution to RSFF to cover risk of operations limited to those borrowers or beneficiaries of guarantees from
legal entities from third countries other than Associated countries who participate in FP7 projects and whose
costs are eligible for Community funding.

Dissemination actions

Throughout 2007 the EIB will continue an intensive awareness raising campaign which has been launched with
the Community financial assistance in 2006.

RSFF will involve development of financial engineering solutions adapted to the needs of European RTD
actions. Such solutions will be implemented and tested by the EIB and its financing partners.

Case studies of such solutions, i.e. risk-sharing arrangements with financing partners and new products
developed specifically for RSFF will be published on the EIB dedicated RSFF web-site.

                                                                                      November 28th 200686
                                  FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP


A workshop for representatives of the banking sector in Member States and Associated countries will be held in
the 2nd quarter of 2007 to disseminate such financial engineering solutions and seek other co-operation
opportunities.

Contacts with potential clients

The launch of RSFF dedicated website and other awareness raising activities started in 2006 are expected to
result in applications for financing from promoters of European RTD actions. In parallel, the EIB loan officers
will launch contacts with highly research intensive companies explaining the existence of new financing
options made possible by RSFF.

Addressing the financing needs of the Technology Platforms and Joint Technology Initiatives

Having identified in 2006 the most dynamic and active Technology Platforms the Commission and the EIB will
continue to follow their individual development and monitor the implementation of their strategic research
agendas to search for financing needs which the Bank could address. In some cases customised products,
individual or wholesale, will be developed, if necessary in co-operation with other financial institutions.

The Commission and the EIB will follow the development of Joint Technology Initiatives, advising the
stakeholders on options available to optimize their financing packages. This may involve bridge financing as
well as individual customised financing solutions, specifically adapted to the financing needs.

Implementation arrangements for SMEs

The EIB can only be directly involved in operations with financing requirements in excess of EUR 7.5 million.
Smaller requests will be directed to financing partners established in Member States or Associated countries
with whom the EIB has or will develop risk sharing arrangements, including Framework Facilities designed to
provide intermediated financing, to smaller projects, notably those promoted by SMEs.

A Framework Facility is a line of credit advanced by the EIB to banks or other intermediary institutions which
on-lend the proceeds to finance small and medium-size investments.

The deployment of Risk-Sharing Framework Facilities across the EU will be staged, involving, during an initial
phase, a limited number of leading EIB partner banks, based in Member State or Associated countries
representing a significant RSFF market potential and operating through important EU-wide networks. In a
subsequent phase, a more wide-spread coverage of EU markets will be achieved by approaching, in a
systematic manner, other financing partners throughout the EU, in view of setting up Risk-Sharing Framework
Facilities covering respective markets.

Risk-Sharing Framework Facilities will be set up either through the introduction of risk sharing arrangements in
existing credit lines or through new facilities or intermediaries. Alternative framework financing concepts could
also be envisaged.

Governance

RSFF will be managed by the EIB in accordance with its own rules and procedures, with due regard to terms
and conditions of the Agreement between the Commission and the Bank. RSFF implementation and in
particular the use of the Community Contribution will be supervised by a Steering Group, consisting of three
representatives, at the Director level, from the Commission and the Bank respectively.

A4.6.2 Selection of Projects for Financing and the Eligibility Criteria

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                                     FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP


The EIB has been recognised as a beneficiary of the Community action in the Council and Parliament decision
adopting the 7th Framework Programme.

In accordance with the principles established in the Specific Programme the EIB will use the Community
contribution on a "first come, first served basis," as provisions and capital allocation within the Bank to cover
part of the risks associated with its operations supporting eligible European RTD actions.

The EC contribution to RSFF may only be used to support activities which can be classified as "fundamental
research", "industrial research" or "experimental development" as defined in the Community Framework for
State Aid for Research and Development and Innovation (to be adopted by the Commission). Prototypes and
pilot projects, which are part of "experimental development", may be eligible if they fulfil the conditions
specified therein. Innovation activities intended to prepare the commercial use of research results (such as
training, technology management and transfer) are eligible if they are linked to and complementary to research,
technological development and demonstration activities, the later constituting the bulk of any eligible European
RTD action.

The Agreement with the Bank will comprise a list of investment costs consistent with the above mentioned
definitions in the Community Framework for State Aid for Research and Development and Innovation.

The Agreement with the Bank will also comprise a list of exclusions from financing with support of the
Community contribution, reflecting political agreement between the Commission; the Member States and the
European Parliament as documented in the Seventh Framework Programme and the Specific Programme
"Cooperation".

A4.6.3 The Commission Right to Object to the Use of the Community Contribution

The Commission has a right to express its opinion on each and every financial operation proposed by the EIB to
its Board for decision under (Article 21 of the EIB Statute). Where the Commission delivers an unfavourable
opinion, the EIB Board may not grant the loan or guarantee concerned, unless it votes unanimously in its
favour, the Commission nominee abstaining. Should the Bank proceed with financing despite the Commission's
negative opinion the Community contribution to RSFF may not be used.

In accordance with Rules of Participation, the Commission may object, in duly justified cases, the use of the
Community contribution for provisioning and capital allocation against a loan or a guarantee proposed by the
EIB. If such a case arises the Commission may conduct an independent, internal or external, review of such a
case.

TABLE - INDICATIVE RSFF BUDGET FOR 2007-2013:

Table                         2007      2008    2009     2010      20A4     2012      2013

Commitment Appropriations
(under this Work Programme)   160       0       120      120       200      160       40




All Themes of this Work Programme will contribute on a proportional basis, except the Socio-economic
Sciences and the Humanities theme, which does not contribute to RSFF




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                                   FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

In compliance with Annex II to the 7th Framework Programme, the Community financial contribution to RSFF
from the abovementioned contributing Themes of the Cooperation Programme will be of an amount of up to
EUR 400 million until 2010.

This planning will be revised, and if appropriate, adapted each year, taking into account the evolution of
demand for RSFF operations and the results of the evaluation of the Council and the European Parliament
under the procedure described in Article 7(2) of the 7th Framework Programme on the basis of a report by the
Commission containing information on the participation of SMEs and universities, the fulfilment of the FP7
selection criteria, the duration of the authorisation procedure, the project results, and the funding distribution.
The Community financial contribution to RSFF from the Cooperation Programme may reach a maximum
amount of EUR 800 million for 2007-2013.

Subject to necessary budgetary approvals, the first payment to the EIB will be made in the first quarter of 2007.

From 2009 on it is foreseen to proceed annually with an equal amount of commitment and payment of the
Community contributions to RSFF, based on an the EIB's activity and forecast report and its request for the
amount of the contribution estimated necessary for the following year. Following mid-term evaluation,
however, the payment may be made in (several) instalments to ensure the maximum match between funds paid
to the EIB and used for provisions and capital allocation.

A4.6.4 Community Contribution to RSFF in 2007 and 2008

In order to send a strong signal of the Community commitment to RSFF in line with the mandate from the
Council the Commission will commit, in 2007, an amount of EUR 160 million for the period 2007-2008.

A4.6.5 Process for Recovering and Reallocating Unused Community Funds

In order to mitigate the risk of accumulation of unused funds the multi-annual planning will be adjusted on the
basis of reports including pipeline report (summary of information on projects considered for financing) and
demand forecasts. Amounts committed but not paid to the EIB – i.e. not needed for the operations of RSFF –
will be reallocated to other activities of the contributing themes.

Notwithstanding the above and unless the Council adopting the 8th Framework programme decides otherwise
the Commission will recover from the Bank any unused funds of the Community contribution (including
interest and income) which on the 31 December 2013 have not been used or committed to be used or are
required to cover eligible costs




                                                                                         November 28th 200689
                                  FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: NMP

A4.7 FINANCIAL OVERVIEW FOR GENERAL ACTIVITIES FOR 2007

The following provides a financial overview for 2007 of the activities which are funded across the Cooperation
Programme:

                       Activity                      Funding for 2007
               A4.1 CORDIS                                7 Meuro
               A4.2 ERA-NET scheme                       41 Meuro
                                                broken down as follows:
               A4.2.2.1 ERA NET Actions         10 Meuro
               A4.2.2.2 ERA-NET Plus to         21 Meuro (EURAMET)
               named beneficiaries              9 Meuro (BONUS)
               A4.2.3.1 Call for tender         0.6 Meuro
               A4.2.3.2 Call for support        0.4 Meuro
               actions
               A4.3 RESEARCH                               0.8 Meuro
               ORGANISATIONS/ A4.4
                      EUREKA
               A4.5 COST                                  30 Meuro
               A4.6 RSFF                                 160 Meuro
                          Total:                        238,8 Meuro




                                                                                      November 28th 200690

				
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