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DAFTAR ISI

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					                                       TABLE OF CONTENT


APPROVAL OF THE THESIS ADVISORY COMMITTEE ...................                                                    iii

APPROVAL OF THE THESIS EXAMINING COMMITTEE ................                                                      iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .............................................................................                     v

ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................   vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS ...............................................................................               viii

LIST OF TABLES .........................................................................................         xi

LIST OF FIGURES .......................................................................................         xii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS .........................................                                     xiii

LIST OF APPENDICES ...............................................................................              xv


TABLE OF CONTENTS..............................................................................                   ii
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION................................................................                           1
           1.1. Background of the Study ................................................                          2
           1.2. Problem of the Study ......................................................                       2
           1.3. Objective of the Study ....................................................                       3
           1.4. Assumption .....................................................................                  3
           1.5. Hypothesis ......................................................................                 4
           1.6. Delimitation of the Study ...............................................                         5
           1.7. Limitation of the Study...................................................                        5
           1.8. Significance of the Study ...............................................                         5
           1.9. Clarification of the Key Terms .......................................                            6

CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE .........................                                                8
                        2.1 The Essence of Reading .................................................         8
                        2.2 Reading Comprehension ................................................           8
                        2.3 Schemata Theory Background and Knowledge in Reading 10
                        2.4 Cognitive Factors in Reading ......................................... 11
                             2.4.1 Perception ............................................................ 11
                             2.4.2 Memory ................................................................ 13
                             2.4.3 Attention .............................................................. 13
                             2.4.4 Cognitive Style .................................................... 12
                        2.5 Reading as a Process of Predicting ................................ 14


                                                   viii
                 2.6 Some Factors that Influence Students’ Reading
                     Comprehension Achievement ........................................                      14
                      2.6.1 The Internal Factor ...........................................                  14
                      2.6.1.1 Motivation ........................................................            15
                      2.6.1.2 Interest ..............................................................        15
                      2.6.2 The External Factor ..........................................                   16
                      2.6.2.1 Reading Material ..............................................                16
                      2.6.2.2 Teacher of Reading ...........................................                 16
                 2.7 Questioning Strategies ...................................................              16
                 2.8 Pre-questioning ..............................................................          17
                 2.9 Kinds of Pre-questioning ...............................................                18
                 2.10Kinds of Questions in Reading Comprehension ............                                19
                 2.11The Differences between Male and Female in Learning
                     Attitudes and Reading Habit .........................................                   21
                      1.11.1 Learning attitudes .............................................                21
                      1.11.2 Reading Habit...................................................                21

CHAPTER III. METHOD AND PROCEDURES ......................................                                    23
                 3.1 Data ................................................................................   23
                      3.1.1 The Data Needed ................................................                 23
                      3.1.2 Criteria for the Admissibility of the Data ..........                            23
                      3.1.3 Data Collection and Data Processing Procedures                                   23
                 3.2. Instrumentation............... ..............................................          24
                      3.2.1. Instrumentation Development ............................                        24
                      3.2.2. Instrumentation Try out .....................................                   25
                      3.2.3. Instrumentation Validity ....................................                   27
                      3.2.3.1 Construct validity...............................................              27
                      3.2.3.2 Content Validity................................................               28
                      3.2.4. Instrumentation Reliability ................................                    29
                 3.3. Population and Sample ..................................................               35
                     3.3.1. Population ...........................................................           35
                     3.3.2. Sample .................................................................         35
                 3.4. Research Methodology .................................................                 36
                     3.4.1. Research Method .................................................                36
                     3.4.2. Variables of the Study .........................................                 38
                     3.4.3. Data Analysis Procedure .....................................                    38
                 3.5. Validity of the Study .....................................................            40

CHAPTER IV RESULT OF THE STUDY .................................................                             42
                4.1 Description of the Data .....................................................            43
                4.2 Test of the Statistical Analysis Requirements .................                          45
                    4.2.1 Test of Normality and Homogeneity of
                            Treatments (with pre-questioning and without
                            pre-questioning) .................................................               45


                                                ix
                 4.2.2 Test of Normality and Homogeneity of
                       Students’ Gender ..................................................           47
           4.3 Result of the Data Analysis ..............................................            48
               4.3.1 Testing hypothesis I .............................................              49
               4.3.2 Testing hypothesis II .........................................                 52
               4.3.3 Testing hypothesis III .........................................                55

CHAPTER V DISSCUSSION, CONCLUSION, AND SUGGESTION
         5.1 Discussion ........................................................................     57
         5.2 Conclusion .........................................................................    60
         5.3 Suggestion ..........................................................................   62


REFERENCES




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