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					Data of Students' Reading Comprehension Scores

   No         Student's Codes   Gender   Pre-Questioning   CorrectWP    Scores WP
        1.          Al            1            1                    8           40
        2.          A2            1            1                   10           50
        3.          A3            1            1                    7           35
        4.          A4            1            1                    7           35
        5.          A5            1            1                    9           45
        6.          A6            1            1                   12           60
        7.          A7            1            1                   12           60
        8.          A8            1            1                    8           40
        9.          A9            1            1                    9           45
        10.        A10            1            1                    9           45
        11.         All           1            1                   10           50
        12.        Al2            2            1                   10           50
        13.        A13            1            1                    9           45
        14.        A14            1            1                   10           50
        15.        Al5            1            1                    6           30
        16.        A16            2            1                    8           40
        17.        A17            2            1                    8           40
        18.        A18            1            1                   11           55
        19.        A19            1            1                    8           40
        20.        A20            1            1                   10           50
        21.        A21            2            1                    9           45
        22.        A22            2            1                    6           30
        23.        A23            2            1                   10           50
        24.        A24            2            1                   11           55
        25.        A25            2            1                   11           55
        26.        A26            2            1                    8           40
        27.        A27            2            1                   10           50
        28.        A28            2            1                    5           25
        29.        A29            2            1                    9           45
        30.        A30            2            1                    7           35
        31.        A31            2            1                   12           60
        32.        A32            2            1                   10           50
        33.        A33            2            1                   10           50
        34.        A34            2            1                   10           50
        35.         B1            1            2                   11           55
        36.         B2            1            2                    7           35
        37.         B3            2            2                    5           25
        38.         B4            1            2                    9           45
        39.         B5            1            2                   10           50
                         2




40.   B6    1   2    6       30
41.   B7    1   2    7       35
42.   B8    2   2    7       35
43.   B9    2   2    8       40
44.   B10   2   2    5       25
45.   B1l   1   2    7       35
46.   B12   1   2    8       40
47.   B13   1   2    8       40
48.   B14   1   2    4       20
49.   B15   2   2    5       25
50.   B16   1   2    4       20
51.   B17   1   2    5       25
52.   B18   2   2    4       20
53.   B19   2   2    5       25
54.   B20   2   2    4       20
55.   B21   1   2    8       40
56.   B22   1   2    8       40
57.   B23   2   2    9       45
58.   B24   2   2    8       40
59.   B25   2   2    7       35
60.   B26   2   2    6       30
61.   B27   1   2    6       30
62.   B28   1   2    8       40
63.   B29   1   2    8       40
64.   B30   2   2    7       35
65.   B31   2   2    5       25
66.   B32   2   2    5       25
67.   B33   1   2   10       50
68.   B34   1   2   10       50
                                                                                                      3




Explore
Pre-Questioning

                                              Cas e Proce ss ing Sum m ary

                                                                                   Cases
                                                                 V alid            Mis sing               Total
                              Pre-Ques tioning                N     Percent      N      Percent     N       Percent
 Reading Comprehens ion       With Pre-Questioning             34 100.0%           0        .0%      34     100.0%
                              Without Pre-Ques tioning         34 100.0%           0        .0%      34     100.0%




                                                   Tes ts of Norm ality
                                                                                     a
                                                                Kolmogorov-Smirnov               Shapiro-Wilk
                                Pre-Ques tioning              Statistic  df     Sig.      Statistic    df     Sig.
 Reading Comprehens ion         With Pre-Questioning             .170     34    .014         .953       34    .148
                                Without Pre-Ques tioning         .156     34    .035         .940       34    .062
   a. Lillief ors Signif icance Correc tion




                                 Tes t of Hom ogeneity of V ar iance

                                                                  Levene
                                                                  Statistic      df 1      df 2     Sig.
 Reading Comprehens ion           Based on Mean                        .756          1         66   .388
                                  Based on Median                      .624          1         66   .433
                                  Based on Median and
                                                                          .624      1    65.800      .433
                                  w ith adjusted df
                                  Based on trimmed mean                   .805      1         66     .373



Gender
                                     Cas e Proce ss ing Sum m ar y

                                                                        Cases
                                                      Valid             Mis sing              Total
                                  Gender           N    Percent       N      Percent       N    Percent
 Reading Comprehension            Female            36 100.0%           0        .0%        36 100.0%
                                  Male              32 100.0%           0        .0%        32 100.0%
                                                                                                 4




                                        Tes ts of Norm ality
                                                                    a
                                                Kolmogorov-Smirnov                Shapiro-Wilk
                                Gender        Statistic  df     Sig.       Statistic    df     Sig.
 Reading Comprehens ion         Female           .133     36    .107          .963       36    .266
                                Male             .155     32    .050          .936       32    .058
   a. Lillief ors Signif icance Correc tion



                               Tes t of Hom ogeneity of V ar iance

                                                               Levene
                                                               Statistic     df 1      df 2     Sig.
 Reading Comprehens ion         Based on Mean                     1.974          1         66   .165
                                Based on Median                   1.790          1         66   .185
                                Based on Median and
                                                                  1.790         1    65.955     .185
                                w ith adjusted df
                                Based on trimmed mean             1.961         1         66    .166



Univariate Analysis of Variance
            Betw e e n-Subjects Factors

                                 V alue Label          N
 Pre-Ques tioning    1.00      With
                                                        34
                               Pre-Ques tioning
                     2.00      Without
                                                        34
                               Pre-Ques tioning
 Gender              1.00      Female                   36
                     2.00      Male                     32



                     Tes ts of Be tw e en-Subje cts Effects

 Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehension
                      Ty pe III Sum
 Sourc e              of Squares         df        Mean Square       F          Sig.
 Correc ted Model        2591.196a             3       863.732      10.768      .000
 Intercept            106396.556               1    106396.556    1326.476      .000
 PQ                      2230.179              1      2230.179      27.804      .000
 Gender                   283.008              1       283.008       3.528      .065
 PQ * Gender              243.809              1       243.809       3.040      .086
 Error                   5133.437             64        80.210
 Total                116125.000              68
 Correc ted Total        7724.632             67
   a. R Squared = .335 (Adjus ted R Squared = .304)
                                                                                                                     5




Estimated Marginal Means
1. Pre-Questioning
                                             Es tim ate s

 Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehension
                                                                   95% Conf idence Interval
 Pre-Ques tioning                     Mean        Std. Error     Low er Bound Upper Bound
 With Pre-Questioning                45.441           1.536            42.373         48.510
 Without Pre-Ques tioning            33.947           1.547            30.858         37.037

                                                    Pairw ise Com paris ons

 Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehens ion


                                                                Mean                                95% Conf idence Interval f or
                                                                                                                        a
                                                             Dif f erence                                   Dif f erence
                                                                                               a
 (I) Pre-Ques tioning          (J) Pre-Questioning                (I-J)    Std. Error      Sig.    Low er Bound Upper Bound
 With Pre-Questioning          Without Pre-Questioning             11.494*     2.180       .000           7.139           15.848
 Without Pre-Questioning       With Pre-Questioning               -11.494*     2.180       .000         -15.848           -7.139
 Based on estimated marginal means
   *. The mean dif f erenc e is signif icant at the .05 level.
    a. A djustment f or multiple comparis ons : Leas t Signif icant Dif f erenc e (equivalent to no adjus tments).




                               Univariate Te sts

 Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehens ion
                  Sum of
                 Squares           df       Mean Square             F          Sig.
 Contras t       2230.179             1        2230.179          27.804        .000
 Error           5133.437            64          80.210
 The F tests the ef f ec t of Pre-Ques tioning. This test is based on the
 linearly independent pairw ise comparis ons among the es timated
 marginal means.



2. Gender
                                  Es tim ate s

 Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehension
                                              95% Conf idence Interval
 Gender         Mean        Std. Error      Low er Bound Upper Bound
 Female        41.741           1.495             38.755         44.728
 Male          37.647           1.586             34.478         40.816
                                                                                                    6




                                     Pairw ise Com parisons

  Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehension


                                 Mean                                    95% Conf idence Interval f or
                                                                                              a
                              Dif f erence                                        Dif f erence
                                                                  a
  (I) Gender   (J) Gender          (I-J)      Std. Error   Sig.         Low er Bound Upper Bound
  Female       Male                   4.094       2.180    .065                 -.260           8.449
  Male         Female                -4.094       2.180    .065                -8.449            .260
 Based on estimated marginal means
   a. A djustment f or multiple comparisons: Least Signif icant Dif ferenc e (equiv alent to no
      adjustments).

                          Univariate Tes ts

  Dependent V ariable: Reading Comprehension
                Sum of
               Squares       df      Mean Square        F             Sig.
  Contras t     283.008        1         283.008      3.528           .065
  Error        5133.437       64          80.210
 The F tests the ef f ect of Gender. This test is based on the linearly
 independent pairw is e comparisons among the es timated
 marginal means.



                                  3. Pr e-Ques tioning * Gender

  Dependent Variable: Reading Comprehension
                                                                        95% Conf idence Interval
  Pre-Ques tioning            Gender       Mean      Std. Error       Low er Bound Upper Bound
  With Pre-Questioning        Female      45.588         2.172              41.249         49.928
                              Male        45.294         2.172              40.955         49.633
  Without Pre-Ques tioning    Female      37.895         2.055              33.790         41.999
                              Male        30.000         2.312              25.380         34.620



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