Lowering the Boom

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					                                                  National Aeronautics and Space Administration

                                                                        Volume 47 Issue 4                     Dryden Flight Research Center                                           July 29, 2005

Lowering the Boom
■  NASA works to find ways
of reducing noise generated
by exceeding sound barrier
By Jay Levine
X-Press Editor
   As neighbors of Edwards Air Force
are well aware, supersonic jets cause a
thundering boom that shakes walls and
windows with a deep rumble, startling
pets and humans alike.
   Dryden is leading a NASA effort to
study ways of dramatically reducing those
boom-related annoyances, which occur
when an aircraft travels faster than the
speed of sound.
   As part of that effort, an aircraft dem-
onstrator will showcase technologies
designed to reduce the noise associated
with sonic booms. In first stages of the
experiment, a group of NASA and univer-
sity researchers made complex recordings
of sonic booms that will be replicated in
a laboratory setting for a closer look a
their effects.
   “These tests are part of the research
                                              EC05 0124-13                                                                                                                 NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
work to establish what is an acceptable
                                              Dryden volunteers sit beneath the flight path where an F/A-18 created a sonic boom. The 18 volunteers were helping researchers to determine whether detailed
boom,” said Bob Meyer, Sonic Boom
                                              recordings of the sonic boom could be used to accurately simulate the real thing.
Mitigation Demonstration project man-
ager at Dryden. “The next step is to see
if a demonstrator vehicle can achieve that
level of boom.” The project is part of
NASA’s Vehicle Systems program.
   “Concept-exploration studies are
underway (see accompanying story) to
investigate designing and building a
piloted aircraft that is expected to fly by
late 2008,” he added. “The aircraft is
anticipated to be in the 30,000-pound
range and we expect to release a request
for proposals this fall.”
   The demonstrator aircraft is expected
to fly at speeds of from 1.4 to 1.8 Mach.
For comparison, the European Con-
corde aircraft traveled at speeds of about
Mach 2, but the supersonic portion of         EC05 0124-24                                  NASA Photo by Tom Tschida        EC05 0124-39                                  NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
                                              Anthony Atchley, a Pennsylvania State University researcher, checks the mi-   At front, from left, Dryden volunteers Candace Mertes, Liz Kiffling and Kirk
See Sonic Boom, page 2                        crophones used to make detailed recordings of sonic booms.                    Caldwell take notes during the experiment. Pennsylvania State University re-
                                                                                                                            searcher Kathy Hogdon is in the background.

NASA grants fund industry research on sonic boom
 By Gray Creech and Kathy Barnstorff/Elvia Thompson                                                   “NASA plans to develop a request for proposals to design and build a low sonic
 Dryden Public Affairs and Langley/NASA Headquarters Public Affairs                                 boom demonstrator using the information provided by the teams,” said Bob Meyer,
    Together with several industry teams, NASA is studying how to design and build                  Sonic Boom Mitigation Demonstration Project manager at Dryden.
 an aircraft that could demonstrate technology to lessen the noise and window-rattling                A NASA grant was awarded to American Technology Alliances to fund the studies, which
 effects of supersonic flight.                                                                       will be conducted by four industry teams. The teams include solo endeavors by Boeing
    Preparations for NASA’s planned Sonic Boom Mitigation Project include a study                   Phantom Works, Long Beach, Calif., and Raytheon Aircraft, Wichita, Kan. Northrop
 of concept feasibility and design requirements for a prototype technology demonstra-               Grumman, El Segundo, Calif., is working with Gulfstream Aerospace, Savannah, Ga., and
 tion airplane that could reduce the startling “sonic boom” when an aircraft exceeds
 the speed of sound.                                                                                See Study, page 3


    Explorer School teachers                      NASA honors Dryden teams,                            X-43A recognized with                                Planetary Flight Vehicles
    explore Dryden, page 3                        individuals, page 4                                  speed record, page 6                                 highlighted in X-tra (insert)
 News                                                                      Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                                            July 29, 2005

Center Director’s column News
New business processes will pay off
   During NASA Administrator Michael
Griffin’s recent visit to Dryden, he expressed
                                                        I am sure
                                                     many of you
                                                                                                          we are adapting our business processes to
                                                                                                          include reimbursable activities. In some
                                                                                                                                                               at NASA
his personal support for aeronautics and             are uncomfort-
                                                                                                                                                               NASA awards
                                                                                                          cases, we have experienced growing pains.
urged us to “hang on” while he tries to              able with the re-                                    If you observe problems with these or
gain support for a revitalized aeronautics           sult, which you
                                                                                                                                                               CEV contracts
                                                                                                          other processes, please take the time to
effort. He also encouraged us to align our           may perceive                                         pass your observations on to the process
work with what the Agency and the nation             as changing                                          owners.
need. Where we have unique capabilities              our traditional                                          For example, with new reimbursable                  Two eight-month contracts, each
that match the country’s needs, we should            flight research                                      projects a Resource Authorization Directive          worth approximately $28 million, have
make them available.                                 mission. But                                         – or RAD – may not have been assigned                been awarded by NASA for work on the
   Fortunately, what we have been doing              we must adapt                                        at a project’s outset. If you are working            Crew Exploration Vehicle. The con-
aligns well with this wise counsel. Our              to the current                                       on such a project, you should charge your            tracts, one to Lockheed Martin Corp.
primary objective has been to retain our             fiscal climate                                       time to a planning RAD until the new                 and the other to the team of Northrop
capability to perform our flight research             until there is re-      Center Director                                                                   Grumman Corp. and The Boeing Co.,
                                                                             Kevin L. Petersen            project is established. Please contact your
mission for NASA and the nation. To that             newed support                                        supervisor if you are unsure of the correct          will support a July 2006 review of the
end, we have sought customers outside                for more tradi-                                      charging code.                                       engineering systems for the CEV.
of NASA and have secured for Dryden                  tional flight research. Meanwhile, because                We also need to ensure that our new pro-            During this contract period, in ad-
considerable reimbursable work (work in              new projects always present technical chal-          cesses are documented in our document master         dition to performing sustained engi-
which we are reimbursed with non-NASA                lenges, if we tackle them with our usual             list so that everyone can easily learn the correct   neering in support of the CEV review,
funds for work done for others). In the              vigor and enthusiasm we will continue to             steps to follow. The Management Systems of-          contractors will continue to develop
process, though, we have had to focus on             advance aeronautical knowledge and lay the           fice, headed by Carol Reukauf, needs to make          designs for NASA’s next-generation
doing those things the customers want. This          groundwork for future advanced projects.             sure all the processes fit together appropriately.    vehicle for human space flight and
means that in some cases we have had to                 Our transition to the new NASA and                So if you are the owner of a recently added or       demonstrate ability to manage cost,
respond to specific customer requirements,            other reimbursable projects demanded                 altered process, please provide the new or cor-      schedule and risk.
which may be more “test” than “research”             that the Center make significant changes              rected documentation to Carol.                          Results of NASA’s Exploration Sys-
oriented. We also have needed to find ways            to our organization and our processes.                   In these ways, with your help, we can            tems Architectural Study, which defines
of reducing our costs so that our proposals          We created a Program Planning office                   manage the transition to the next phase in           parameters for the new vehicle that will
can be more competitive.                             to seek new business opportunities and               Dryden’s history more effectively.                    replace the Space Shuttle, will be incor-
                                                                                                                                                               porated into a “call for improvements”
                                                                                                                                                               to be released later this year, inviting
                                                                                                                                                               proposals from the selected contrac-
                                                                                                                                                               tors. These proposals will be evaluated
                                                                                                                                                               for the final selection of a single CEV
                                                                                                                                                                  The CEV is expected to carry up to
                                                                                                                                                               six astronauts beyond low-Earth orbit
                                                                                                                                                               soon after the Space Shuttle is retired
                                                                                                                                                               in 2010, and then on to the moon as
                                                                                                                                                               early as 2015.
                                                                                                                                                                  Information about NASA and Agen-
                                                                                                                                                               cy programs on the Web can be found

                                                                                                                                                               Tu r b u l e n c e
                                                                                                                                                               system could
                                                                                                                                                               improve safety
                                                                                                                                                                  Airline passengers and flight crews
                                                                                                                                                               have one thing in common: they don’t
                                                                                                                                                               like turbulence. Researchers at Langley
                                                                                                                                                               Research Center in Hampton, Va.,
                                                                                                                                                               and AeroTech Research (USA) Inc.,
                                                                                                                                                               Newport News, Va., have developed
                                                                                                                                                               an automatic turbulence reporting
                                                                                                                                                               system, a project that has the potential
                                                                                                                                                               to dramatically improve safety in air
EC05 0124-51                                                                                                                  NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
                                                                                                                                                                  The Turbulence Auto-PIREP System
Researchers carefully instrument a mannequin to collect information on how sonic booms from aircraft traveling faster than sound affect people on the ground.   – or TAPS – is being tested on more than
The microphones collected detailed sonic boom information so the recordings could be used to simulate the real thing in a controlled laboratory setting.       80 Delta Airlines passenger jets.

Sonic Boom ... from page 1
                                                                                                                                                                  When pilots know there’s turbulence
                                                                                                                                                               ahead, they can maneuver to avoid it or
                                                                                                                                                               ensure passengers and flight attendants
Concorde flights was permitted only over              and Emissions Reduction, or PARTNER                  and the simulated booms created with the             are seated and strapped in. Atmospheric
the ocean. Sonic boom mitigation is key              Center of Excellence to conduct research             recordings to give their impressions on the          turbulence is the leading cause of inju-
to ending a prohibition by the Federal               into how people react to sonic booms, said           accuracy of the simulations.                         ries to passengers and flight crews in
Aviation Administration on commercial                Peter G. Coen, Supersonic Vehicle Sector                “The information gathered from the re-            non-fatal airline accidents.
or business jets flying supersonically over           manager, who is based at NASA’s Langley              search flights will be used to identify features         Delta Air Lines and ARINC, Annapo-
land, Meyer said.                                    Research Center, Hampton, Va.                        of the sonic boom, which will improve the            lis, Md., have teamed with NASA and
   In 2004, NASA asked 10 aerospace in-                 An element of this research being con-            realism of laboratory simulations,” Coen             AeroTech Research to evaluate TAPS.
dustry firms to identify where the greatest           ducted by Pennsylvania State University,             said. “Eventually, these improved simula-            Since August 2004, the TAPS software
potential for financial benefit in supersonic          Purdue University and NASA is directed at            tions will be used to identify what levels of        has been flown on more than 85 Delta
research might lie. This group, called the           determining better ways to simulate sonic            sonic boom noise are not offensive to ground         Boeing 737-800, 767-300 and 767-400
Super 10, told NASA an urgent need existed           booms in laboratory conditions by using              observers. Information gathered through              aircraft.
for mitigating the sonic boom. Once that             detailed recordings of the real thing.               that effort then could be used by NASA and              The turbulence research was funded
could be accomplished, the group said, the              Dryden was the site for a sonic boom              industry to develop technology for future            by the NASA Aeronautics Research
prohibition against overland supersonic              study June 15 when four F/A-18 research              supersonic aircraft that are environmentally         mission directorate’s Aviation Safety
flight due to sonic booms could end, allow-           aircraft generated 17 sonic booms that               and community friendly.”                             and Security Program in partnership
ing new opportunities for commercial and             were heard in the surrounding area. On the              Dryden assisted Northrop Grumman in               with the FAA, aircraft manufacturers,
business aviation to emerge.                         ground beneath the aircraft’s flight track,           conducting a 2003 series of research flights with     airlines and the Department of Home-
   As part of the sonic boom recording and           an investigation team using sensitive mi-            a modified F-5 Shaped Sonic Boom Demon-               land Security.
simulation experiments, NASA, the FAA                crophones made detailed recordings of the            strator. Meyer said those tests focused on bow          Information about NASA’s Aviation
and Transport Canada are co-sponsoring               booms, Coen explained. A group of 18 vol-            shocks, or shocks from the nose, while the cur-      Safety and Security Program may be
the Partnership for Air Transportation Noise         unteers listened to the original sonic booms         rent effort focuses on the entire aircraft.          found at

2                                                                                                                                                                       NASA Dryden X-Press
 July 29, 2005                                                           Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                           News
Teachers attend NASA Explorer                                                                                                                            Open house
                                                                                                                                                         set to include
School math/science workshop                                                                                                                             Dryden flights
By Beth Hagenauer
Dryden Public Affairs                                                                                                                                       Dryden pilots will be flying six differ-
   Sixteen teachers from 10 states par-                                                                                                                  ent aircraft in three flying demonstrations
ticipated in a Dryden workshop in June                                                                                                                   during the Edwards Open House and Air
designed to enable educators to incorporate                                                                                                              Show that begins Oct. 22.
NASA-based material into their science and                                                                                                                 Research pilot Dick Ewers said the
math curricula.                                                                                                                                          ER-2 high-altitude aircraft will fly by.
   Focused on the theme of “Transportation                                                                                                               Another demonstration will feature the
Systems: From Earth, to the Moon and                                                                                                                     T-34 and a Dryden F/A-18.
on to Mars,” the NASA Explorer Schools                                                                                                                     A formation flight is planned that
professional development workshop found                                                                                                                  will include the G-3, an F/A-18, a
teachers interacting with aerospace engi-                                                                                                                T-38 and the F-15 Intelligent Flight
neers, research pilots and former astronaut                                                                                                              Control System aircraft, as a Dryden
C. Gordon Fullerton during briefings and                                                                                                                  event highlight.
tours highlighting Dryden’s aeronautical                                                                                                                   Static displays and exhibits featuring
research and Space Shuttle support roles.                                                                                                                Dryden’s one-of-a-kind projects and
   The teachers were given the opportunity                                                                                                               research aircraft will be among those
to “fly” a test mission on a flight simulator                                                                                                              highlighting the two-day event.
and sit in the cockpit of a NASA F/A-18
mission support aircraft. Educators also
learned during the sessions about the
                                                                                                                                                         Car trouble?
unique issues involved in life support
for flight crews of high-altitude research
                                                EC05 0130-10                                                            NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
                                                Above (gesturing), Jan Minniear, Western Aeronautical Test Range business manager, and Fred Chat-
                                                                                                                                                         Here’s help
aircraft. Workshops began June 19 and           terson, standing, show visiting teachers highlights of a Dryden control room. Seated from left are NES      Services are available to Dryden em-
concluded June 24.                              educators Jed Palmer, Mark Lapides and Nicole Palmer. Below, Kamela Harbert and Sylvia Johnson,          ployees who experience problems with
   The 16 teachers represented schools          foreground at right, apply balloon basics to master an aeronautical principle.                           their vehicles while at work.
competitively selected to be participants in    during community events.                                                                                    The Edwards Air Force Base Hobby
the 2004 NASA Explorer School program,             Since its inauguration in                                                                             Shop/95 th Services will respond to
in what was the Agency-wide program’s           2003, the NES program has es-                                                                            problems such as starting difficulties, flat
second year.                                    tablished three-year partnerships                                                                        tires and keys locked in vehicles. Locked
   “The second-year NES development             annually with 50 middle schools                                                                          vehicle calls are subject to authorized per-
workshop focuses on integrating NASA-           teams. The partnerships include                                                                          sonnel being on duty and vehicle make
specific content into the schools’ science and   teachers and educational ad-                                                                             and model. Hobby Shop personnel are
mathematics programs,” said Linda Tomc-         ministrators serving grades four                                                                         unable to open every model of car.
zuk, Dryden’s NES program coordinator.          through nine in schools from                                                                                Hours are 8 a.m. to 4 pm. The shop
   NASA Explorer Schools workshops              diverse communities across the                                                                           may be reached by calling (661) 275-
provide an opportunity for middle school        nation. Schools in the program                                                                           2886.
educators to enhance their background and       are eligible to receive grants of up                                                                        The 95th Security Forces Squadron Police
skills in mathematics, science and technol-     to $17,500 over the three-year                                                                           will respond to locked vehicle calls twenty-
ogy. They observe state-of-the-art research,    period to support science and                                                                            four hours a day, seven days a week. The
conduct hands-on experiments and inves-         mathematics curricula.                                                                                   vehicle must be a privately owned – not
                                                                                     EC05 0130-4               NASA Photo by Tom Tschida                 government – vehicle, and 95th Security
tigations, learn more about instructional          For a list of NASA Explorer
technology and collect information and          Schools visit http://explor-                     NASA Education programs may be found                    Forces staff also may be unable to open all
resources for use in their classrooms and Information about at                                      vehicle makes and models. The squadron
                                                                                                                                                         may be reached at (661) 277-3340.

AERO Institute announces partnerships                                                                                                                    Exchange Events
   Dryden’s AERO Institute in Palmdale          ing programs. Graduate courses available             cally at sites at Edwards Air Force Base               The Dryden Exchange Council is
has established educational partnerships        this fall include structural acoustics, fluid         and in Palmdale and Victorville. Academic           sponsoring the following activities:
with two leading universities, Purdue           mechanics, design optimization, fatigue of           programs being offered include Associate               An Aerospace Appreciation Night is
University of West Lafayette, Ind., and         structures and materials and methods of              degrees in professional aeronautics and             set for Aug. 19 at JetHawks stadium in
the Extended College at Embry-Riddle            aerospace structures.                                technical management; Bachelor’s degrees            Lancaster, with the JetHawks playing
Aeronautical University.                           A variety of non-credit short courses on          in aviation maintenance management,                 the Bakersfield Blaze. The event will
   Working professionals can earn a             technical and engineering management                 technical management and professional               feature activities honoring former astro-
graduate degree in engineering through          topics will be held at Palmdale. Other               aeronautics; and Master’s degrees in aero-          naut Vance Brand, including a Bobble-
a flexible learning program offered by           course offerings and registration infor-             nautical science with specializations in            head doll giveaway and post-game
Purdue’s College of Engineering. Degrees        mation for the program can be found at               aeronautics, aerospace/aviation manage-             fireworks. Discounted second-level box
include an interdisciplinary Master of                 ment, aerospace/aviation operations, and            seats are available through the Exchange
Science in engineering, for those with an       For information contact Dale Harris,                 safety systems.                                     Council for the 7 p.m. game.
undergraduate degree in engineering, and        executive director of continuing engineer-              Class schedules for Edwards are avail-              Discounted second-level box seating
a Master of Science, designed for those         ing education at Purdue, (765) 494-0213,             able at              also is available for the Sept. 5 JetHawks
with a Bachelor’s degree outside of, but; or Carol Sauerhoff,               schedules2.cfm?CODE=A1&T=Fall-                      game against the Lake Elsinore Storm.
related to, engineering.                        manager of marketing and client services             2&Y=2005, and for the Palmale/Victorville           A fireworks display will follow the
   Master’s degrees in mechanical, in-          for continuing engineering education,                sites at             game. Tickets go on sale Aug. 9.
dustrial and electrical and computer            (765) 494-0469,                 schedules2.cfm?CODE=D5&T=Fall&Y                        A Murder Mystery Train Ride trip
engineering also will be offered. The              Degrees in several disciplines may be             =2005.                                              is set for Sept. 17 on the Fillmore &
distance-learning program includes              earned while working full or part time,                 Information about AERO Institute pro-            Western railroad. Tickets are $80 per
courses from Purdue’s mechanical and            through a flexible learning program offered           grams also may be obtained by calling the           person, and include round-trip bus
aeronautics and astronautics engineer-          by Embry-Riddle. Courses are offered lo-             Institute, (661) 276-7428.                          transportation, dinner and three-hour
                                                                                                                                                         “murder mystery” show. A no-host bar
 Study ... from page 1                                                                                                                                   will be available on board the train.
                                                                                                                                                         Tickets go on sale Aug. 16.
                                                                                                                                                            Pizza nights, at Round Table Pizza
 Lockheed Martin in Palmdale has teamed         questions the research will answer include              The Sonic Boom Mitigation Project
                                                                                                                                                         in Lancaster, also are being planned for
 with Cessna Aircraft Co. of Wichita.           whether it’s feasible to modify an existing          could begin work on the research aircraft
                                                                                                                                                         August. Cost for each event is $10 per
   The same grant also is funding work          aircraft to be the quiet boom demonstrator,          as early as this fall.
                                                                                                                                                         person, and includes one large two-top-
 by Allison Advanced Development                or whether a whole new aircraft design will             “It is one element of a transformed
                                                                                                                                                         ping pizza and choice of four sodas, one
 Co., Indianapolis; GE Transportation,          have to be created.                                  Vehicle Systems program in which break-
                                                                                                                                                         pitcher of beer or one carafe of wine.
 Cincinnati; and Pratt and Whitney,                “The concept exploration studies are cru-         through technologies are carried forward
                                                                                                                                                            Tickets and information for all events
 Hartford, Conn., that will support the         cial,” said Peter Coen of Langley Research           to flight,” said Rich Wlezien, manager of
                                                                                                                                                         may be obtained by calling the Dryden
 teams with engine-related data.                Center at Hampton, Va., a member of                  the Vehicle Systems program in NASA’s
                                                                                                                                                         Gift Shop, ext. 2113, or Jessica Lux-
   Each team has been awarded approxi-          the Sonic Boom Mitigation Project plan-              Aeronautics Research mission directorate
                                                                                                                                                         Baumann, ext. 3820.
 mately $1 million for a five-month study.       ning team. “Those studies will determine             programs.
                                                                                                                                                            Retirees who would like to visit
 Results will be used to define technol-         whether a low sonic boom demonstrator                   More information about the Vehicle
                                                                                                                                                         Dryden should contact Darlene Homi-
 ogy and design requirements for a low          aircraft can be built at an affordable cost          Systems program may be found at http://
                                                                                                                                                         ak at (661) 276-3064 at least 72 hours
 sonic boom demonstration aircraft. The         in a reasonable amount of time.”           
                                                                                                                                                         in advance of their visit.

NASA Dryden X-Press                                                                                                                                                                                     3
Focus                                     Explore. Discover. Understand.                                   July 29, 2005

NASA honors some
    Leadership Medal
       Joel R. Sitz
For outstand-
ing leadership
of the X-43A
flight project
that resulted
in precedent
setting, hy-
ramjet vehicle
flight tests at
high Mach

      Ginger F. Bailey
For her
as the acting
deputy chief
financial of-
ficer during a
time of great
changes and

      John Sharkey

For out-
of Dryden’s
                          EC04 0093-1
and flight                                                          And the winners of the group awards are ...
advocacy                  Clockwise from above are photos of five of the six groups honored with 2005 NASA Awards. The X-43A Team
efforts.                  Achievement Award for successful completion of the first airframe integrated supersonic combustion ramjet
                          ing Mach 7. The Range Safety Systems Team received a Group Achievement Award for deployments supporti
                          science missions to Chile, Costa Rica and within the U.S. The Institute for Scientific Reasearch Team was hon
                          Group Achievement Award for outstanding support of the Agency’s Space Exploration and Aeronautics miss
       Exceptional        tures Team was honored with a Group Achievement Award for outstanding performance in conducting the X
    Achievement Medal     See pages 7-8 for a listing of group members and a photo of the Arcata Associates Team, which was recogniz
                          Group Achievement Award.
      Claude V. Chacon
For outstand-
ing leadership
in the trans-
of business
systems at

    Exceptional Service
    Griffin P. Corpening
For exceptional
critical to the
success of the
X-43A hy-
personic test

                          ED04 0056-158                                                                                 NASA Photo by Jim

4                                                                                                   NASA Dryden X-Press
             July 29, 2005                               Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                              Focus

e of Dryden’s best                                                                                                                       Laurie Grindle
                                                                                                                                  For exception-
                                                                                                                                  al service in
                                                                                                                                  the flight test-
                                                                                                                                  ing of unique
                                                                                                                                  research air

                                                                                                                                        James W. Smolka
                                                                                                                                  For sustained
                                                                                                                                  performance as
                                                                                                                                  a NASA re-
                                                                                                                                  search test pi-
                                                                                                                                  lot and provid-
                                           EC05 0098-3                                            NASA Photo by Tom Tschida       ing outstanding
                                                                                                                                  technical and
                                                                                                                                  in support of
                                                                                                                                  NASA Aero-
                                                                                                                                  nautics mission

                                                                                                                                        Michael E. Yettaw
                                                                                                                                  For his sus-
                                                                                                                                  tained con-
                                                                                                                                  tributions to
                                                                                                                                  the Agency’s
                                                                                                                                  Space Ex-
               NASA Photo by Tom Tschida                                                                                          ploration and
                                                                                                                                  missions by
                                                                                                                                  solving com-
m was honored with a Group                                                                                                        plex space and
 t engine at speeds approach-                                                                                                     air-to-ground
ing complex work with                                                                                                             communica-
nored with a Public Service                                                                                                       tion problems.
sions. The X-37 Hot Struc-
 X-37 hot structures testing.
zed with a Public Service                                                                                                          Public Service Medal
                                                                      Photo Courtesy The Institute for Scientific Reasearch Team
                                                                                                                                        Keith D. Williams
                                                                                                                                  Analytical Ser-
                                                                                                                                  vices & Materi-
                                                                                                                                  als Inc.
                                                                                                                                  For outstand-
                                                                                                                                  ing leadership
                                                                                                                                  and contribu-
                                                                                                                                  tions to im-
                                                                                                                                  prove Dryden’s
                                                                                                                                  and efficiency
                                                                                                                                  by developing
                                                                                                                                  and maintain-
                                                                                                                                  ing the Center’s

                                                                                                                                        Gerald Brokaw
                                                                                                                                  Center for High
                                                                                                                                  For exceptional
                                                                                                                                  contributions to
                                                                                                                                  the continuous
                                                                                                                                  improvement in
                                                                                                                                  the performance
                                                                                                                                  and effective-
                                                                                                                                  ness of Dryden
                                                                                                                                  and its mission
                                                                                                                                  to NASA.
m Ross EC05 0098-1                                                                                NASA Photo by Tom Tschida

             NASA Dryden X-Press                                                                                                                            5
 Research Roundup                                                      Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                                             July 29, 2005

Speed record validated
Guinness recognizes NASA’s X-43A scramjet flight
By Leslie Williams                                                                                                                                       sion research within NASA,” said Dryden’s
Public Affairs Specialist                                                                                                                                Paul Reukauf, deputy project manager for
and Elvia Thompson/Keith Henry                                                                                                                           X-43A flight research and testing.
NASA Headquarters/Langley Research Center                                                                                                                   The new Guinness World Record cer-
   It’s official. The new world speed record                                                                                                              tificate reads:
for a jet-powered aircraft, set by NASA in                                                                                                                  “On 16 November 2004, NASA’s un-
November, has been officially recognized by                                                                                                               manned Hyper-X (X-43A) aircraft reached
Guinness World Records.                                                                                                                                  Mach 9.6. The X-43A was boosted to an
   The third and final flight in the experi-                                                                                                               altitude of 33,223 m (109,000 ft) by a Pega-
mental X-43A project demonstrated that an                                                                                                                sus rocket launched from beneath a B52-B
advanced form of air-breathing (jet) engine                                                                                                              aircraft. The revolutionary ‘scramjet’ aircraft
could power an aircraft to nearly 10 times                                                                                                               then burned its engine for around 10 seconds
the speed of sound. Data from the unpilot-                                                                                                               during its flight over the Pacific Ocean.”
ed, 12-foot-long research vehicle show that                                                                                                                 The previous known record for an air-breath-
its revolutionary “scramjet” engine worked                                                                                                               ing vehicle – but not an airplane – was held by a
successfully at Mach 9.6, or nearly 7,000                                                                                                                ramjet-powered missile, which traveled slighter
mph, as it flew at about 109,000 feet over                                                                                                                faster than Mach 5. The highest speed attained
the Pacific Ocean west of California.                                                                                                                     by a rocket-powered airplane, NASA’s X-15 air-
   The flight was the culmination of NASA’s                                                                                                               craft, was Mach 6.7. The fastest air-breathing,
Hyper-X program, a seven-year, approxi-                                                                                                                  manned vehicle, the SR-71 Blackbird, traveled
mately $230 million ground and flight test                                                                                                                slightly faster than Mach 3.2. The X-43A more
                                                  ED04 0320-16                                                           NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
program designed to explore an alternative                                                                                                               than doubled, then tripled, the top speed of the
to rocket power for space access vehicles.        NASA’s NB-52B launch aircraft takes off carrying the third X-43A hypersonic research vehicle attached   jet-powered SR-71.
                                                  to a modified Pegasus rocket on the record-setting flight Nov. 16, 2004.
   This is the second world speed record                                                                                                                    The Hyper-X program took place under
earned by the Hyper-X program. The first           This allows more airplane-like operations for      forward speed of the aircraft itself, as opposed    the auspices of the NASA Aeronautics Re-
came following its Mach 6.8 (nearly 5,000         increased affordability, flexibility and safety     to a conventional jet engine, in which the          search mission directorate. Langley Research
mph) flight in March 2004, which easily            in ultra-high-speed flights. Once a scramjet-       compressor section (fan blades) compresses          Center, Hampton, Va., was lead center with
shattered the previous, long-standing record.     powered vehicle is accelerated to about Mach       air. A scramjet is a ramjet engine in which         responsibility for hypersonic technology
Both records will be featured in the 2006         4 by a conventional jet engine or booster          the airflow through the entire engine moves          development while flight research and test-
edition of the Guinness World Records book,       rocket, it can fly at hypersonic speeds, po-        continuously at supersonic speeds.                  ing was conducted at Dryden.
which will be published in September.             tentially as fast as Mach 15, without carrying        “These demonstrations proved the vi-                For more information on programs of
   NASA is interested in supersonic com-          the heavy oxidizer required by rockets.            ability of scramjet engine technology in a          the Aeronautics Research mission director-
bustion ramjet technology because scramjet           A ramjet operates by subsonic combustion        ‘real-world’ flight environment and were the         ate, including Hyper-X, visit http://www.
engines derive oxygen from the atmosphere.        of fuel in a stream of air compressed by the       result of over 40 years of high-speed propul-

X-Press nets 5th straight APEX Grand Award
   In the 2005 Awards for Publication                                                                                                                    Communications Manager Steve Lighthill
Excellence – or APEX – competition, the                                                                                                                  (featuring paintings by Dryden research
Dryden X-Press has been honored with a                                                                                                                   pilot Mark Pestana on the front and back
Grand Award for the X-43A Special Edition,                                                                                                               covers).
titled “11 Seconds into the Unknown.” The                                                                                                                   This year marked the 17th annual
win marks the fifth consecutive year that                                                                                                                 APEX Awards competition. The con-
the X-Press has captured a Grand Award in                                                                                                                test is sponsored by Communication
the international contest, which honors the                                                                                                              Concepts Inc., a Springfield, Va.-based
top two percent of communication tools                                                                                                                   organization dedicated to business writ-
selected from nearly 5,000 entries.                                                                                                                      ing in the corporate, profit/nonprofit and
   Judges had this to say about the X-43A                                                                                                                government agency environments. Com-
Grand Award winner: “Cutting-edge, well-                                                                                                                 munication Concepts personnel judge
written feature articles pull readers in and                                                                                                             entries and select winners, recognizing
hold their attention, while bold, attractive                                                                                                             the best of the best in the business com-
spreads, interesting photo spreads and clean,                                                                                                            munications field.
readable typography reinforce the content,                                                                                                                  Among other entrants in this year’s con-
making this special edition one to keep.”                                                                                                                test were nonprofit organizations such as
   Dryden publications also received individual                                                                                                          the International Monetary Fund, the Hu-
Awards of Excellence in six other categories:                                                         The X-43A Special Edition, pictured at
                                                                                                                                                         mane Society of the U.S. and WGBH-TV
                                                                                                      left, was judged a 2005 Grand Award
                                                                                                                                                         Public Broadcasting; academic institutions
• The X-43A Special Edition was recognized                                                            winner in the Awards for Communica-
                                                                                                                                                         such as George Washington University
for photography by photo chief Jim Ross, Carla                                                        tion Excellence competition. Just two per-
                                                                                                                                                         and Auburn University, and corporations
Thomas, Tony Landis and Tom Tschida.                                                                  cent of the 5,000 entries won the award.
                                                                                                                                                         such as Microsoft, Dow Jones & Co. and
                                                                                                      Above, the latest X-Press product, dubbed
                                                                                                                                                         Lockheed Martin.
• Also for the X-43A edition, Editor Jay                                                              the X-tra.
                                                                                                                                                            The X-Press newspaper’s mission is to tell
Levine’s concept and creation of the cover        • The entire Sept. 30 edition of the X-Press        • The book “From Runway to Orbit:                  Dryden’s story and focus on its projects. To
was recognized.                                   was selected as a top entry in the Magapaper        Reflections of a NASA Engineer” won an              that end, X-Press staff debuted a new pub-
                                                  and Newspaper Overall Writing category.             Award of Excellence in the Books and Book          lication, X-tra, in July as another venue for
• In the Personality Profiles category, Dryden                                                         Chapters category. It was written by former        showcasing Dryden’s diverse accomplish-
historian and archivist Peter Merlin’s X-Press    • The Sept. 30 edition also was selected as a       NASA Chief Engineer Ken Iliff, co-written          ments. The color X-tra editions will appear
feature story, “Michael Adams: Remembering        top entry in the Magapaper and Newspaper            by Dryden historian and archivist Curtis           on an occasional basis and will be inserted
a Fallen Hero” was a winner.                      General Excellence category.                        Peebles and designed and laid out by Visual        in the regular X-Press editions.

    July 2, 1959 – Pilots Stan Butchart                                                               N817NA). After a successful release and            to Dryden Flight Research Facility from
    and Milt Thompson delivered JTB-                                                                  landing, Gentry said, “I’m the first one to         Beale Air Force Base, Calif.
    29A (45-21800) to Davis-Monthan                                                                   roll this toad!”
    Air Force Base, Ariz., for permanent                                                                                                                 July 11, 2000 – The X-38 (V-131R)
    storage.                                                                                          July 17, 1965 – Al White and Col. Joe Cot-         arrived at NASA DFRC onboard the
                                                                                                      ton delivered XB-70 (62-0207) to Edwards           377SGT-201 Super Guppy (N941NA)
    July 14, 1962 – X-15 flight can-                                                                  Air Force Base from Palmdale.                      from Johnson Space Center, Texas.
    celled due to Project SMALL BOY
    low-yield nuclear test at Yucca Flat,                                                             July 20, 1981 – Boeing 720B (N833NA)               July 30, 2001 – B-52H (61-0025) was
    Nev.                                                                                              arrived at NASA DFRC for Controlled                delivered to Dryden from Minot Air
                                                  July 16, 1965 – Capt. Jerauld Gentry                Impact Demonstration program.                      Force Base, N. D. The crew included Maj.
    July 30, 1963 – Joe Walker gave up            inadvertently rolled the M2-F1 lifting                                                                 Joel Anderson, Lt. Col. Don Thompson,
    leave time to test fly first F-104N (011)       body inverted during an air-tow flight,              July 25, 1991 – Pilots Rod Dyckman and             1Lt. Chris Otis, 1Lt. Mike Pritchett and
    at Palmdale.                                  while still attached to the C-47H (17136/           Steve Ishmael delivered SR-71B (61-7956)           SRA Brandon Chandler.

6                                                                                                                                                                    NASA Dryden X-Press
 July 29, 2005                                                      Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                         News
  Group Achievement
       Awards                                                      Public Service Group Achievement Award
         X-43A Team
The X-43A Flight Research Team was
recognized for the first-ever, successful
free flight of an airframe-integrated super-
sonic combustion ramjet at Mach 7.

Dryden                Michael Najera
Tracy Ackeret         Bradford Neal*
Kari Alvarado         David Neufeld
Courtney Amos         Mark Nunnelee
Robert Antoniewicz    John Orme*
Timothy Ascough       Gary Pacewitz*
Catherine Bahm*       Joseph Pahle
Ginger Bailey         Chan-Gi Pak
Daniel Bain           Rhoda Parker
Frank Batteas         Laura Peters
Jeffrey Bauer         Dana Purifoy
Ethan Baumann*        Norma Quinn
Gary Beard*           Lyle Ramey
Courtney Bessent      Jeffrey Ray
Richard Bettin*       Matthew Reaves
Terry Bishop          Matthew Redifer*
Jim Blanton           Kevin Reilly
Andrew Blua           Paul Reukauf*
Michael Bondy*        Carrie Rhoades
Linda Bonham          Michael Richard*
John Bresina          Jon Rick
Roy Bryant            Herman Rijfkogel*
Trong Bui*            Steven Robinson
Starla Carroll        Richard Rood
Alexis Castelazo      Richard Rowland
Tony Chen             Stephanie Rudy
Bruce Cogan           John Ryan*               EC04 0331-1                                                                                         NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
Mark Collard*         William Sabo             For innovative cost-saving contributions   Robert Downing       Martin Hoffman       Steve Parcel         Justin Thomas
Michael Collie        Eliseo Sanchez           to the Western Aeronautical Test Range     Richard Dykstra      Christine Irizarry   James Pavlicek       Douglas Thomsen
Roy Compton*          Steve Schmidt            in support of the Agency’s Space Explo-    Gregory Faith        Lynette Jones        John Payne           James Tilley
Randy Cone            Lawrence Schuster*       ration and Aeronautics missions            Jules Ficke          Robert Jones         Linda Peters         David Upton
George Cope*          Roberta Sherrard*        Arcata Assoc.                              Daniel Fisher        Todd Kunkel          Timothy Peters       Dennis Vansickle
Griff Corpening*      Karla Shy*               James Abercromby Otilia Boston             Monica Garvin        Lori Losey           Patrick Ray          Michael Webb
M.C. Cotting*         Peter Sidoti             Earl Allen            Jennifer Campbell    Karla Graves         Peter Merfa          Brady Rennie         Tracey Willis
Jerry Cousins*        Alexander Sim*           Richard Batchelor Anthony Canada           Mahala Griffiths      Timothy Miller       Robert Rierson       Pete Young
Larry Crawford        Joel Sitz*               Jovany Bautista       Brian Castner        Albert Guajardo      Darren Mills         Hector Rodriguez     John Yount
Mark Davis*           Mark Smith               Gregg Bergman         Stephanie Castner    Robert Guere         Stacey Mills         Jack Sheldon
Ray Dees*             Natalie Spivey           Billy Bollinger       Richard Chambers     Steven Hansen        Christina Myers      Trace Short
David Dowdell*        Clinton St. John*        Douglas Boston        Fred Chatterson      Dennis Heathcock     Jeffery Nelms        David Smith
Dale Edminister*      Craig Stephens
Lum Ehernberger       Mark Stephenson*
Kimberly Ennix        Brandon Stille*         DCI                Sparta                   Steve Davis        SAIC (Dryden/ARC)
Karen Estes                                   Gavin Jenny        Justin Curtis            Kevin Hall         Dennis Gearhart             X-37 Hot
                      Monique Sullivan
Russell Franz         Douglas Taylor          W. Tally           Sparta/Spiral            Mike Lakowski      UPC (Dryden)                Structures Team
Gordon Fullerton      Edward Teets            Dyncorp            Carole Barklow           Rudy Mendiola      Ron Bailey
                                                                                                                                    For outstanding performance in conduct
Leslie Gong*          Stephen Thornton        Charlie Nichols    Spiral                   Joe Niquette       Wendy Given
                                                                                                                                    of X-37 hot structures testing.
Robert Gonzales*      Christopher             Linda Soden        Maryam Ebrahimi          Paul Ristrim       Kevin Kraft
Adae Gordon            Torrence               GRD                Paul Lundstrom           Scott Silver
                                                                                                                                    Dryden                David Oates
Matt Graham           Jack Trapp              Lisa Earussi       Kimberly Tucker                                                    Test Engineering/
                                                                                                AIRSAR Group                                              Dryden
Donald Griffith*       Roger Truax*            Lisa Martin        Woodside Summit                                                    Technicians           Project
Thomas Grindle*       Marilyn Tull*           Infinity            Janene Bettin                                                      Alexis Castelazo
                                                                                          Civil Service       Scott Hensley                               Management/
Edward Haering        Michael Vachon          Angela Rhodes      Zeltech                                                            Joe Fowler
                                                                                          (Dryden)            David Imel                                  Support
Julie Haley           Rao Vanguri             Kalman & Co.       Dave Fratello                                                      Larry Hudson
                                                                                          Doug Baker          Yunling Lou                                 Glenda Almeida
Michael Harlow        Leonard Voelker         Jim Lester         Wayne Hicks                                                        Joseph Lopko
                                                                                          Craig Bomben        Tim Miller                                  Roger Romans
Neal Hass*            Randy Wagner*           Fred Watts                                                                            David Neufeld
                                                                                          Bill Brockett       Eric Ringnot                                AS&M
Teresa Hass           Alan Wallace            U.S. Navy          *Dryden civil servants                                             Mark Nunnelee
                                                                                          David Bushman       Ernesto Rodriguez                           Test Engineering/
Ross Hathaway*        Alma Warner             Kurt Dulka         with more than 2,000                                               Allen Parker
                                                                                          Dick Ewers          Sassan Saatchi                              Technicians
James Hernandez       Aric Warner             Platinum           hours on the X-43A                                                 Anthony Piazza
                                                                                          Gordon Fullerton    Greg Sadowy                                 Larry Chien
Rhett Herrera         Ryan Warner*            Mike Beck          project between 2000                                               Lance Richards
                                                                                          Ray Kinney          Paul Siquiera                               Shawn Hardiman
Erwin Hess            Kirsten Williams                           and 2005                 Walter Klein                              Knut Roepel
                                                                                                              Robert Treuhaft                             Stephen Hoffman
John Hicks            Leslie Williams         SCSC                                                                                  Eliseo Sanchez
                                                                                          Sirell Lane         LMLM (Dryden)                               Robert Shannon
Mark Hodge*           Kenneth Wilson*         Kelly Irving                                                                          Craig Stephens
                                                                                          Ed Lewis            Kevin Bedingfield                            Steve Thomas
Thomas Horn*          James Yamanaka                                                      John McGrath                              Christopher
                                                   DC-8 INTEX Group                                           Mike Bereda                                 Gary Williams
Doug Jensen           AFFTC                                                               Mark Pestana                              Torrence
                                                                                                              Brent Bieber                                Art Younger
Daniel Jones*         Robert Bodwell                                                      Marty Trout                               Van Tran
                                              For exceptionally successful deployments                        Mark Corlew                                 Sparta
Thomas Jones*         Chuck Rogers                                                        Leslie Welch                              Dryden
                                              supporting complex and highly important                         Steve Davis                                 Ronnie Haraguchi
Ed Kashimoto          David Warner                                                        Arcata (Dryden)                           Machine Shop/
                                              scientific missions to Chile, Costa Rica,                        Kevin Hall                                  GRD
Anthony Kawano        AMA                                                                 Lori Losey                                Safety/
                                              and the United States.                                          Mike Lakowski                               Project
John Kelly*           Roger Beck                                                          Jim Ross                                  Quality
                                                                                                              Rudy Mendiola                               Management/
Patricia Kinn         Dave Bose               Civil Service         ARC                   AS&M (Dryden)                             Assurance
                                                                                                              Joe Niquette                                Support
Joseph Kinn*          Brian Strovers          (Dryden)              Quincy Allison        Daumants Belte                            Andrew Blua
                                                                                                              Paul Ristrim                                Lynne Faith
Dane Lariosa*         Arcata Assoc.           Doug Baker            Michael Craig         Cindy Parks                               John Breiding
                                                                                                              Scott Silver                                Dyncorp
Jeanette Le*          David Faust             Frank Batteas         Mike Gaunce           Sky Yarbrough                             Keith Day
                                                                                                              SAIC                                        Machine Shop
Melissa Less          Tony Landis             Craig Bomben          Greg Klinedinst       Infinity (Dryden)                          Kenneth Delaney
                                                                                                              (Dryden /ARC)                               Rick Fleming
Leo Lett              Lori Losey              Bill Brockett         Kent Schiffer         Lea Ames                                  Dean Lebret
                                                                                                              Dennis Gearhart                             Joe Pengilley
Jimmie Lewis          Steve Parcel            Bob Curry             Kathy Thompson        JPL                                       Thomas McMullen
                                                                                                              UPC (Dryden)
Susan Ligon           Trace Short             Bette Davis           Sue Tolley            Ron Blom            Ron Bailey
Yohan Lin*            Carla Thomas            Dick Ewers            AS&M (Dryden)         Bruce Chapman       Wendy Given             Public Service Group
Doug Lindquist        Tom Tschida             Gordon Fullerton      Chris Ashburn         Steve Durden
Jessica Lux*          AS&M                    Ed Haering            Daumants Belte        Bill Fichter
                                                                                                              Kevin Kraft             Achievement Awards
Richard Maine*        Vic Bender              Chris Jennison        Cindy Parks
Laurie Marshall*                                                                                                                         Arcata Associates
                      Jonathon Brown          Ray Kinney            Carl Sorenson                Range Safety
Lesa Marston          Bill Clark              Walter Klein          Trent Theriault                                                 For innovative cost-saving contributions
David McAllister*     Bill Dana               Sirell Lane           Sky Yarbrough
                                                                                                 Systems Team                       to the Western Aeronautical Test Range in
William McMullen      Casey Donohue           Ed Lewis              Infinity (Dryden)      For excellence in helping flight proj-    support of the Agency’s Space Explora-
Shaun McWherter*      Donald Gatlin           Susan Ligon           Lea Ames              ects succeed while ensuring public        tion and Aeronautics missions.
Jan Minniear*         Beth Hagenauer          Bobby McElwain        LARC                  safety and significantly advancing
Masashi Mizukami*                             John McGrath                                                                          James Abercromby       Gregg Bergman
                      Mary Ann Harness                              Vic Delnore           range safety technology for the nation.
Timothy Moes                                  Chris Miller                                                                          Earl Allen             Billy Bollinger
                      Kevin Johnson                                 LMLM (Dryden)
Richard Monaghan                              Marty Trout                                 Jerry Budd          Anthony Kawano        Richard Batchelor      Douglas Boston
                      Kim Tucker                                    Kevin Bedingfield
Dan Mullen                                    Leslie Welch                                Maria Caballero     Dennis Morehouse      Jovany Bautista        Otilia Boston
                      Terry White                                   Mike Bereda
Chris Naftel          Shane Wilson            AFFTC (EAFB)          Brent Bieber          Steven Cumming      Mark Thompson
Christopher Nagy      Meryl Zimmerman         Jon Haser             Mark Corlew           Douglas Folkes      Michael Young         See NASA Awards, page 8

NASA Dryden X-Press                                                                                                                                                       7
July 29, 2005                                                     Explore. Discover. Understand.                                                                                  News
NASA Awards
 ... from page 7
Jennifer Campbell      Darren Mills
Anthony Canada         Stacey Mills
Brian Castner          Christina Myers
Stephanie Castner      Jeffery Nelms
Richard Chambers       Steve Parcel
Fred Chatterson        James Pavlicek
Robert Downing         John Payne
Richard Dykstra        Linda Peters
Gregory Faith          Timothy Peters
Jules Ficke            Patrick Ray
Daniel Fisher          Brady Rennie
Monica Garvin          Robert Rierson
Karla Graves           Hector Rodriguez
Mahala Griffiths        Jack Sheldon
Albert Guajardo        Trace Short
Robert Guere           David Smith
Steven Hansen          Justin Thomas
Dennis Heathcock       Douglas Thomsen
Martin Hoffman         James Tilley
Christine Irizarry     David Upton
Lynette Jones          Dennis Vansickle
Robert Jones           Michael Webb
Todd Kunkel            Tracey Willis
Lori Losey             Pete Young
Peter Merfa            John Yount
Timothy Miller
                                             EC05 0134-17                                                                                                                NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
    Institute for
    Scientific Research
For outstanding support to the F-15
Intelligent Flight Control System project.

Robert Davis                Eric Sorton
Brian Griffith               Sharon Strait
Kristian Hammaker           Brian Taylor
Lane Liabraaten             Steven Yokum
Marcello Napolitano
 (West Virginia University)
Kevin Niewoehner
Steve Rogers
Phillip Rossi
Spiro Skias
                                                                                                                                         EC05 0134-17                    NASA Photo by Tom Tschida

                                                                                                                                         Summer fun
Length of Service Awards
45 Years             25 Years
Donald Jameson       Daniel Banks                                                                                                        Dryden employees and their families had a day of food, fun
                     Teresa Barbic                                                                                                       and games June 18 at the 2005 Dryden Summer Picnic,
35 Years             Louann Beu                                                                                                          held at George Lane Park in Quartz Hill. Sponsored by the
Leonard              William Brockett                                                                                                    Exchange Council, the event featured barbecue, a clown and
 McReynolds          John Del Frate                                                                                                      games for the kids, basketball and baseball for the adults. In
                     Robert Garcia                                                                                                       the above photo, Dryden pilot Jim Smolka prepares for his
30 Years             Don Hermann                                                                                                         turn at bat. Events like the sack race, at top, brought smiles
Jennifer             Raymond Kinney                                                                                                      to the faces of kids like, from left, Arianna Anchondo, an
 Baer-Riedhart       JoAnn Larson                                                                                                        unidentified racer, and Katie and Rachel Thomson.
Michael Bondy        Eliseo Sanchez
Linda Gaugler        Michelle Vial
Donald Griffith       Bridgette
Stephen Ishmael       Washington-Brown
John LaPointe        Ronald Wilcox
Donald Logan
Dale Mackall
Karen Mackall
Mary Matheny
Gary May
Charles Miller
Lawrence Myers                               EC05 0134-17                                                   NASA Photo by Tom Tschida
Rosemary Sanchez                             Above, Dan Martconett, left, an Undergraduate Student Research Program student, and Dryden
Stephen Thornton                             co-op student Dmitriy Bekker are always thinking about airplanes – even at the park. At right,
Donald Warren                                Michelle Davis, Dryden pre-college officer, applies a temporary NASA meatball tatoo to 8-year-
Michael Yettaw                               old Benjamin Cobleigh.                                                                         EC05 0134-17                 NASA Photo by Tom Tschida

 The NASA X-Press is published for
 civil servants, contractors, retirees and
 people with interest in the work of the                                                                                                                          PRSRT STD
 Dryden Flight Research Center.
                                                                                 National Aeronautics and                                                     U.S. POSTAGE PAID
                                                                                 Space Administration                                                                NASA
         Editor: Jay Levine,                                                                                                                                     PERMIT #G27
          AS&M, ext. 3459

  Assistant Editor: Sarah Merlin,
         AS&M, ext. 2128
                                                   Dryden Flight Research Center
 Managing Editor: Michael Gorn,                    P.O. Box 273
            NASA                                   Edwards, CA 93523-0273

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